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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘1940


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Toady’s song is from film ‘Achhoot’ (1940),sung by composer Gyan Dutt and singer actress Vasanti.

The second world war started from 1939, but its effects started being felt in India after 1940 only. The Government became alert and sensitive. Lots of restrictions were put on Imports and Exports. All exports to Germany and Japan were banned. Foreign travel came under Government microscope. Imports were restricted to only essential goods. Raw film stock came under Government control (and naturally became available freely in black market at exorbitant price). Taking advantage of the situation, Government declared that those film production houses who help Government in its war efforts, by making films with pro Govt. themes, would get raw film on priority.

Most production studios made films with Patriotic themes accordingly, spicing it with pro Govt dialogues to claim favours. Mahatma Gandhi ji too upped his efforts to Govt. in distress as much as possible by undertaking different Satyagrahas like the Salt Satyagraha, Burning of Foreign goods, Quit India Movement etc. At the same time Gandhiji took up movement against social evils to attract public support to his main cause.

One of the social evils, Gandhiji took up was entry of harijans in Hindu temples. He did satyagraha in Kerala, Nashik, Banares and some other places. Hindi film industry was alive to what was happening in the country and films on untouchability were made by big studios. Bombay Talkies produced ‘Achhoot Kanya’ in 1936 followed by Ranjit Movietone with their film ‘Achhoot ‘ in 1940. While ‘Achhoot Kanya’ had a sad ending, film ‘Achhoot’ had a happy ending.

Hindi film industry’s growth in the early years from 1920s to 1940s was contributed to by 2 major communities. One of them was the Gujarati businessmen who immediately identified this business as the future gold mine. The other major community was the local Marathi, who lent their brain and hard work to this industry. As the time went by, people from Punjab, UP, Bengal and other states of India joined hands to help this industry to prosper. However, till the mid 1950s it was the Gujarati Sethias who poured the finances. Financiers like Sampat Sheth, Gokuldas Pasta, Manik Sheth Patel, Chunilal Munim, Mangaldas Parekh, Abdulali Yusufali, Mohd Ali Rangwala, Chimanlal Desai, Bhogilal Dave, Mayashanker Bhatt etc. only supplied the money, but never dabbled in other departments nor did they learn anything about the film making, more than what was needed to get some profits.

One person, however, was different. CHANDULAL SHAH. He not only put crores of rupees in film making, but also learnt the technique and art of making films, direction, building organisations of producers, develop political connections and what not. He did everything that was needed to become a successful film maker and a leader in the industry. That is why Baburao Patel called him “Sardar”. Chandulal Shah made his company Ranjit Movietone, a force to recon with.

Chandulal Shah  belonged to Jamnagar-Gujrat. He was born on 13-4-1898. He was into the cotton trade and used to visit Bombay frequently. Later he started working in Bombay Stock Exchange. He used to visit the Laxmi Film Studios nearby to watch shootings.

On one occasion, the director of a silent film ‘Vimla’ (1925) fell very sick and on the recommendation of a solicitor friend, Chandulal Shah got an opportunity to to direct the remaining portion of the film. Impressed by his work style he was offered 2 more films. He left the Stock Exchange job and took up film line completely.

From Laxmi, he shifted to Kohinoor Film Company, where he met actress Gauhar Jaan Mamajiwala, who became his mate for the next 50 years till he died. Gauhar used to feature in his films. With Gauhar, he did ‘Gunsundari’ in 1927 and in 1934 (silent and talkie respectively).

This film was a tremendous hit and it helped them to establish their own film company, Ranjit Movies in 1929. In next 3 year’s time they made 39 silent films. After the advent of Talkie, they changed the name of Ranjit to Ranjit Movietone. Chandulal liked to do things only kingsize. Thus he established Ranjit studios with 4 large sound stages. He also hired around 300 people in the beginning. On average, they made 6 feature films every year. His studio was an assembly line production house. At any given time at least 5 to 6 films were being made in his studios. He had a big army of famous actors, writers, technicians, directors, music directors etc. on his payroll.

Actors like Gauhar Jaan, Bilimoria, Nirupa Roy, Motilal, Madhuri, Khursheed, and KL Saigal; music directors like Gyan Butt, Bulo C Rani, Khemchand Prakash etc.; lyricist and writers like Kidar Sharma, Pradeep, Saadat Hasan Manto and many others were on his payroll.

Chandulal was very proud of his empire and used to advertise “There are more stars in Ranjit than in the Heavens”. At the peak time,there were about 700 people employed in Ranjit and Government had opened a ration shop in the studio premises for the workers’ benefit ! Khemchand Prakash did 20 films in Ranjit, Gyan Dutt 15 films and Bulo C Rani did 10 films here.

From 1929 to 1963 Ranjit made 31 silent films, 120 Hindi talkie films, 1 Tamil and 1 Marathi film. Unfortunately, due to a major fire in the early 1950s, except 7 talkie Hindi films, all other films were destroyed without leaving any backup for them.

Chandulal Shah was an active person. Besides film making he took interest in many Cine Associations and also led delegations abroad. He was a keen gambler and a better, especially in horse racing and stock market. In 1944, in a single day he lost one crore twenty five lakh rupees in cotton betting and that was the beginning of his downfall. He had to mortgage all his and Gauhar Jaan’s properties, but it could not save Ranjit Studios from ruins. He returned to film direction to make money and his first film after a gap of 14 years was ‘Paapi’ (1953). It had the hit pair of those times – Raj kapoor and Nargis. For the first time Raj Kapoor did a double role. But the film flopped. Clearly the times were bad for Chandulal. All his kundali was topsy turvy ! He tried 3 more films, all failed. His last film was ‘Akeli Mat Jaiyo’ (1963). A man who once ruled an empire started travelling in local trains and bus.

Chandulal Shah died on 25-11-1975.

Gauhar Abdul Qayoum Mamajiwala was born on 19-11-1910 at Lahore in a family of Bohra Muslims of Saurashtra in Gujarat. Her family shifted to Bombay. She was beautiful, well educated, soft spoken and liked to read books. Soon she became proficient in Hindi, Urdu, English, Gujarati and Marathi. When her father’s business crashed and they had financial crisis, Homi Master, one of the family friends suggested that she work in films. Homi was a director in Kohinoor studios. She joined films at the age of 15 years and her first film (silent) ‘Fortune And Fools’ aka ‘Baap Ki Kamaai’ (1925) was a hit film. She had a two year contract with Kohinoor. Many of her films were hits.

Chandulal Shah, who was also directing films for Kohinoor, was attracted by her performance and gave her a role in ‘Typist Girl’ (1927), in which Sulochana (Ruby Myers) was the heroine. Thus started their partnership. Soon after the contract was over, a few people viz. Gauhar, Chandulal, Jagdish Pasta, hero Rajah Sandow and cameraman P Naik left Kohinoor and established Shree Sound studio producing films under the banner of Jagdish Films. Here they made 10 popular films and in 1929 separated to form their own Ranjit Studios.

Their first Silent film for Ranjit (shot in Krishna Studios) was ‘Pati Patni’. Very soon Ranjit had their own four shooting stages and well equipped studios. Ranjit’s first Talkie was ‘Devi Devyani’ (1931) in which Gauhar acted opposite Bhagwandas as the hero. Ranjit Studio became very big and films were made at the rate of one film every 16-20 days. They employed the best talent of the industry and Chandulal seemed to convert anything into gold, whatever he touched!

Gauhar was the partner, manager, producer and star actress of Ranjit. She maintained very good relations with her collegues and would use the common make up room with all other artists. She did 28 silent and 19 talkie films in her career. Her last film was ‘Achhut’ (1940), directed by Chandulal and the hero was Motilal. Chandulal Shah also stopped directing films for the next 14 years. Gauhar now only looked after the studios and Chandulal Shah. Though she was with Chandulal for 48 years, they never married. Actually, Chandulal was already married and had a son Naveen. His family stayed with him in Bombay, but Gauhar never objected to that. In 1944, Chandulal lost 1.25 crores in cotton trading in a single day and their fortunes changed. Everything, including their properties had to be mortgaged and sold later. Even in this crisis, Gauhar did not leave him and stayed attached till Chandulal Shah died in 1975.

Gauhar led the same cultured life away from the bustle of the film world from which she retired. She read a great deal, from philosophy to fiction, enjoyed historical novels and was an ardent moviegoer. She had a polished command of English, Urdu, Hindi, Gujarati and Marathi, and she enjoyed seeing foreign and Indian films. Her favorite foreign stars were Audrey Hepburn, Norma She­arer, Rita Hayworth, Frederick March and Clark Gable. Among Indian artistes she had a liking for Meena Kumari, Raakhee, Jaya Bhaduri, Sharmila Tagore, Sanjeev Kumar, Ami­tabh Bachchan and Rajesh Khanna. Her list of favorite directors in­cluded Cecil B de Mille, Samuel ‘Billy’ Wilder, William Wyler from Hollywood and amongst the Indian directors – Chandulal Shah, Hrishikesh Mukherjee, V Shanta­ram, Yash Chopra and Gulzar.

Gohar Mamajiwala died on 28-9-1985.

‘Achhoot’ aka ‘The Untouchable’  is directed by Chandulal Shah. He too had decided to quit direction and also active participation in film making. He was keen to concentrate on other activities like organisational responsibilities, cotton trade and his favourite addiction – betting. The film was promoted as a Nationalist film addressing Gandhi ji’s campaign against untouchability. The film was endorsed by Mahatma Gaqndhi and Sardar Patel, even before it was made. The cast of the film ‘Achhoot’ was Motilal, Gauhar, Sitara, Vasanti, Charlie, Dixit, Mazhar, Yaqub etc. Gauhar quit acting after this film, though she was still good looking. However, she wanted to concentrate on the management of Ranjit empire. The film’s story was….

In Shanti Nagar, Laxmi (Vasanti) lives with her parents. They are all untouchables. When there is a water shortage, the villagers prevent the family from taking water from  the only well, which is reserved for the upper castes. Disgusted and frustrated, Laxmi’s father embraces Christianity. Laxmi is adopted by a rich businessman, who takes her to city and gives her education. She (Gauhar) becomes modern and acceptable in high society. She is very friendly with the daughter of the businessman – Savita (Sitara). Problem arises when both girls fall in love with the same boy. To find a solution, the businessman sends Laxmi back to her village. She returns and meets her childhood saheli (Rajkumari) and boyfriend Ramu (Motilal). They are agitating for equal rights for harijans. Laxmi jumps into this and fights for harijans entry into village temple. There is a riot in which Ramu dies.

Villagers repent after Laxmi delivers a touching speech and as a redemption for their blunder, villagers open the doors of the Temple for Harijans. Laxmi wins the battle.(644)

This film has 9 songs. One song is already discussed and this is the second song. It is a good Bhajan. . .

 


Song – Deen Dukhi Ko Daan Diya To Kya Mila, Hari Ram Mila (Achhoot) (1940) Singer – Gyan Dutt, Vasanti, Lyrics – PL Santoshi, MD – Gyan Dutt
Gyan Dutt + Vasanti

Lyrics 

ram mila hari ram mila
ram mila hari ram mila
ram mila hari ram mila

deen dukhi ko daan diya to
kya mila
deen dukhi ko daan diya to
kya mila
hari ram mila hari ram mila
hari ram mila hari ram mila

bhookhe ko jo ann diya to
kya mila
bhookhe ko jo ann diya to
kya mila
hari ram mila hari ram mila
hari ram mila hari ram mila

bure ka badla bhala diya to
kya mila
bure ka badla bhala diya to
kya mila
hari ram mila hari ram mila
hari ram mila hari ram mila

hari ram mila hari ram mila
hari ram mila hari ram mila

hari ram mila to kya mila
is daas ko bhagwan mila
hari ram mila to kya mila
is daas ko bhagwan mila
is daas ko bhagwan mila
———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
राम मिला हरी राम मिला
राम मिला हरी राम मिला
राम मिला हरी राम मिला

दीन दुखी को दान दिया तो
क्या मिला
दीन दुखी को दान दिया तो
क्या मिला
हरी राम मिला हरी राम मिला
हरी राम मिला हरी राम मिला

भूखे को जो अन्न दिया तो
क्या मिला
भूखे को जो अन्न दिया तो
क्या मिला
हरी राम मिला हरी राम मिला
हरी राम मिला हरी राम मिला

बुरे का बदला भला दिया तो
क्या मिला
बुरे का बदला भला दिया तो
क्या मिला
हरी राम मिला हरी राम मिला
हरी राम मिला हरी राम मिला

हरी राम मिला हरी राम मिला
हरी राम मिला हरी राम मिला

हरी राम मिला तो क्या मिला
इस दास को भगवान मिला
हरी राम मिला तो क्या मिला
इस दास को भगवान मिला
इस दास को भगवान मिला

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This article is his 600th writeup in the blog.

Today’s song is from film Aandhi-40. The film was directed by Dinesh Ranjan Roy, music was by K.C.Dey and this song is sung by Pankaj Mallik and Radha Rani.

There is a reason why I selected this song. I wanted a song sung by Radha Rani, so that I get an opportunity to settle the issue of multiple Radha Ranis. ” Same name confusion ” is very common in the world of Hindi cinema. Luckily, the confusion existed only between 1931 and 1960. There are many many cases of same name Directors, Music Directors, Singers and Actors. Information on all names is extremely difficult to come by. Still I managed to write on 15 pairs of Same name Artistes in 3 articles and tried to clarify the confusions.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Wandering into the world of movies of 1930s and 40s gives me immense pleasure. Digging for difficult to find information about old films, directors, music directors, singers or actors is an interesting challenge for me.While on a chase for such information, I frequently come to dead ends and then have to seek another road to gaining knowledge. It is very sad that in our country, documentation about films of 1930s and 40s is very poor.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from film ‘Geeta’ (1940), which makes a debut on our Blog. The song is sung by Baby Suman, who too makes a debut here. The lyricist is SK Kalla and the composer is DP Korgaonkar aka K Datta.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song will take us back to the earliest decade of Hindi Films. This famous song is from the film Bandhan from 1940, a Bombay Talkies prodcution. The song is in 3 parts. It is composed by Ramchandra Pal, who was the joint MD with Saraswati Devi for this film. All the songs of this film were written by Kavi Pradeep.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Welcome to all readers to the 126th century on the blog. Yes, we now have 12,600 songs on board with this post.

It’s now customary to have a special post or a song on such occasions. The last one saw a bundle of century celebrations in a single post. This time however it will be different in the sense that the highlight will be on the song itself and its historic importance rather than other aspects.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

I came to know about a film made in 1940 with a title ‘Intezaar’ through Filmindia magazine. Later, it was given a new title ‘Sneh Bandhan’ (1940) and was released with the same name. I did not evince much interest in knowing about the film until I came across the mp3 clip of a beautifully worded song from the film.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

SUHAAG (1940) was produced under the banner of CIRCO Productions and it was directed by Balwant Bhatt. The star cast included M Kumar, Bibbo, Mazhar Khan, Ashalata, S Nazir, Ghulam Rasool, P R Joshi, Mehdi Raza etc. The story of the film as culled out from a review which appeared in July 1940 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine is as under:
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Forgotten Melodies of the 1940s – 35
————————————–
I had never heard of the film AANDHI (1940) until I came across a couple of mp3 audio clips of the songs from the film. It was more surprising for me when I came to know that the film was from the stable of New Theatres Ltd. Of course, the film was produced under the banner of Associated Productions Ltd, probably an associate or subsidiary of the New Theatres. The film was directed by Dinesh Ranjan Das, a name I heard for the first time. The star cast included Pankaj Mullick and Mollina Devi in lead roles supported by Nemo, Shreelekha, Manjari, Muzamil, K C Dey etc.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Aurat”(1940) was a Mehboob Khan Production. It had Sardar Akhtar, Surendra, Jyoti, Yacub, Kanhaiyalal, Arun Kumar etc in it. The story of this movie was later reused by Mehboob Khan in his “Mother India” (1957).
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 13800 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3400 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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