Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘R C Boral


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4822 Post No. : 16599

“Hamraahi”(1945), a New Theatres, Calcutta production was the Hindi remake of Bangla movie “Udayer Pathe”(1944) by the same production house, with virtually the same team that worked in the Bagla movie. The movie, directed by debutant director Bimal Roy, had Binota Bose , Radhamohan Bhattacharya, Tulsi Chakraborty, Rekha Mullick, Debi Mukherjee, Hiralal, Ramesh Sinha, Manorama, Maya Bose, Devbala etc in it.

The movie had seven songs in it. Six songs have already been covered.

Here are the details of the songs covered in the blog so far:-

Song Date of post Remarks
Jan gan man adhinaayak jay he 15 August 2013 written and composed by Rabindranath Tagore . This song was part of movie before in became Indian national anthem
Gaaye ja tu apna geet 10 may 2014
Jigar ke daag naye gul khilaaye jaate hain 23 may 2014
Din hain bahaar ke aaye 26 november 2017
Modhu gandhe bhara mridu snigdho chhaaya 5 May 2020 Bangla language song composed by Rabindranath Tagore
Hansi chaand ki aaj niraali 28 September 2021

One can see that the future national anthem of India was present as a song in this movie, with Rabindranath Tagore duly getting credited as the composer ! He was the composer of another song (a Bangla song) in the Hindi version movie as well.

Other songs were composed by R C Boral.

The seventh and final song from “Hamraahi”(1945) is an “inspirational” song. It is sung by male and female chorus. Munshi Zakir Hussain is the lyricist. Music is composed by R C Boral.

With this song, all the songs of “Hamraahi”(1945) are covered in the movie and the movie joins the list of movies that have been YIPPEED in the blog.


Song-Badhte chalo badhte chalo badhte chalo jawaanon(Hamraahi)(1945) Singers-Male Chorus, Female chorus, Lyrics-Munshi Zakir Hussain, MD-R C Boral
All chorus

Lyrics

Badhte chalo badhte chalo badhte chalo jawaanon
Badhte chalo badhte chalo badhte chalo jawaanon
ae desh ke sapooton
mazdoor aur kisaanon
ae desh ke sapooton
mazdoor aur kisaanon

hai raasta meelon tak
aur saamne hai manzil
himmat se kaam lo to
aasaam hogi mushqil
hai raastaa meelon tak
saamne hai manzil
himmat se kaam lo to
aasaam hogi mushqil
karke use dikhaa do
jo apne dil mein thhaano
karke use dikhaa do
jo apne dil mein thhaano

badhhte chalo badhhte chalo
badhhte chalo jawaanon

aa ha ha ha
aaha
aa ha ha ha
aa ha ha
aa ha ha ha
aa ha ha
ha ha ha

?? lon ne
?? lon ne
ye rakkhe hain idaare ??
jinke sitam se laakhon
phirte hain maare maare
bhookhe mahaajanon ne
ye rakkhe hain idaare
jinke sitam se laakhon
phirte hain maare maare

ye desh ke hain dushman
inko na dost jaano
ye desh ke hain dushman
inko na dost jaano
tum inko na dost jaano
karke ise dikha do
jo apne dil mein thhaano
karke ise dikha do
jo apne dil mein thhaano
tum jo apne dil mein thhaano

tum jo apne dil mein thhaano
Badhte chalo badhte chalo badhte chalo jawaanon
ae desh ke sapooton
mazdoor aur kisaanon
ae desh ke sapooton
mazdoor aur kisaanon

Badhte chalo badhte chalo badhte chalo jawaanon


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4820 Post No. : 16593

In the early 1940s, New Theatres (NT) was going through some lean period as some of its films like ‘Meenakshi’ (1942), ‘Saugand’ (1942), ‘Kashinath’ (1943), ‘Waapas’ (1943) etc could not garner box office success. During this period, there were exodus of some of the artists and technicians from NT to Bombay. In this background, NT produced ‘Udayer Pathe’ (1944) in Bengali with some new artists, new technicians and also with a new director, Bimal Roy who was the Cinematographer and the Editor with NT. The film became a big box office success, recouping to some extent the lost glory of NT.

Buoyed by the fresh success, NT decided to remake Hindi version, ‘Hamraahi’ (1945) with more or less the same star cast that were in the Bangla version. The star cast included Binota Bose (her first and the last Hindi film as an actress) and Radhamohan Bhattacharya in the lead roles, supported by Tulsi Chakraborty, Rekha Mullick, Debi Mukherjee, Hiralal, Ramesh Sinha, Manorama, Maya Bose, Devbala etc.

Incidentally,as reported in The Daily Telegraph’s E-paper, the lead actor, Radhamohan Bhattachraya’s 100th birth anniversary was on September 27, 2021. Bangla film fraternity gathered in Kolkata to pay tribute to him especially by actors who had worked with him. At the end of the gathering, one of his film, ‘Udayer Pathe’ (1944) was screened for the audience.

‘Hamraahi’ (1945) did not get the same success at the box office as was with its Bangla version. DVD of ‘Hamraahi’ (1945) is not available for viewing on any of the video sharing platforms. So, I watched the Bangla version, ‘Udayer Pathe’ (1944) with English sub-titles. The story of the film is the theme of rich-poor conflicts. The idea of making the film on rich-poor conflicts may have come when NT produced a documentary film on the Bengal famine of 1943 which was directed by Bimal Roy. The story of the film is as under:

Anup (Radhamohan Bhattacharya) is a middle-class journalist staying with his mother and a sister, Sumitra (Rekha Mullick). Anup gets a job at industrialist, Rajendranath’ office as a as a Publicity Officer. He also writes speeches for Rajendranath (Ramesh Sinha in Hindi version) which are well appreciated and Rajendranath attains a status of an intellectual.

Anup meets Gopa (Binota Bose) in a library where he comes to know that Gopa is the daughter of Rajendranath whose wife had falsely accused his sister, Sumitra of stealing from his house when she attended a party on the invitation of her school friend, Gopa, Anup decides to leave the job. After some persuasion by Rajendranath’s son, Souren (Debi Mukherjee), Anup agrees to complete the speech he was writing for Rajendranath. Souren in return agrees to get Anup’s novel printed.

Gopa gets hold of the manuscript of Anup’s novel. After reading it, she is impressed with the viewpoints he has about the rich-poor class struggles. She starts meeting Anup quite often. In the meanwhile, the novel is printed and released but instead of Anup’s name, the novel carries the name of Sauren as the author. Anup is not in a position to prove the wrong-doing of Souren, Instead, he decides to take up the issues of the workers in factories of Rajendranath. Gopa also gets involved with workers’ union to understand their problems. Anup becomes popular among the workers and becomes the leader of the workers’ union.

Souren is not happy with this development. He hires goons to to disturb the workers’ meeting during which Anup gets hurt. Gopa arrives to take care of him. The next day, the photograph of Gopa with Anup becomes a scandalous news. Rajendranath bars Gopa from meeting Anup. He also visits Anup’s house requesting him not to meet Gopa in future which Anup agrees under the impression that Gopa regretted her decision to join him as told to him by Gopa’s father. But it was not true as Gopa decides to leave her father’s house to join Anup for the betterment of underprivileged.

It is interesting to note that the film ends with Gopa driving a car to catch-up with Anup who has decided to leave the place. As soon as she locates him walking on the road, she abandons the car and walks with Anup for ‘udayer pathe’ (new path of dawn). In a way, the film became ‘udayer pathe’ for Bimal Roy as well as a renowned director. Later, he directed ‘Do Beegha Zameen’ (1953) with more or less the similar theme of rich-poor conflicts.

Generally, in the films with the story of rich-poor conflicts, capitalists have been mostly shown as a ruthless exploiters of the working class. The leaders representing the working class have often been shown with militant attitude. In ‘Udayer Pathe’/Hamraahi’, Bimal Roy has shown the characters representing the capitalist and the labourer in a restraint manner. There are no rhetoric dialogues for one-upmanship. Even the romantic relationship between Anup and Gopa have been kept in a very restrain fashion. In the film, they meet mostly in the context of understanding and solving the problems of workers with an undertone of liking for each other.

The story of ‘Udayer Pathe’/Hamraahi’ was written by IPTA writer, Jyotirmoy Roy. After the tremendous success of ‘Udayer Pathe’, Jyotirmoy Roy wrote a full-fledged novel in Bengali on the subject which became among the best seller novel.

‘Hamraahi’ (1945) had 7 songs (including one song in Bangla) of which 5 songs have been covered in the Blog. I am presenting the 6th song, ‘hansi chaand ki aaj niraali’ sung by and picturised on Binota Bose. The song has been written by Munshi Zakir Hussain which is set to music by R C Boral. Actually, the tune of this song is almost the same as that of the Bangla version of the song, chander hasir bandh bhengechhe which was written and composed by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore and used in ‘Udayer Pathe’ (1944).

I have watched the Bangla version of the song which is available in the film ‘Udayer Pathe’ (1944). The song has been beautifully picturised in a full moon light setting. I have given below the link to the Bangla version of the song just to get an idea as to how the song was picturised in Hindi version of the film. The background behind the song picturization is as under:

After attending the workers’ meeting, Gopa and Anup are on their way to return to their respective homes. On the way, they find moonlit path. Gopa desires to spend some time to enjoy the nature in the midst of moon light. It is at this point, Anup reminds her of the commitment she had made to sing a song for him. He says that it is a perfect setting for singing a song. She sings the song full of description of the nature (prakriti varnan) which is Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore’s one of the favourite themes. Munshi Zakir Hussain’s lyrics for Hindi version retains some parts of the ‘prakiriti varnan’ with some different imageries, probably to fit words in the pre-composed tune of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore.

I heard both the versions of the songs only a few days back. But the songs often linger in my mind for the beautiful nature poetry woven with melodious tune.

Audio Clip:

Video Clip (Bangla version)


Song-Hansi chaand ki aaj niraali (Hamraahi)(1945) Singer-Binota Bose, Lyrics-Munshi Zakir Hussain, MD-MD-R C Boral

Lyrics

hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm
man ko lubhaanewaali ee ee
hansi chaand ki aaj niraali
man ko lubhaanewaali
andhere ko door hataa ke
phailaaye ujiyaali ee ee
hansi chaand ki aaj niraali

daudi hawaa chaman mein aaye ae
ye nahin jaane kaun bulaaye
ae ae ae ae ae ae
phool phool par man bharmaaye
phool phool par man bharmaaye
phirti daali daali ee ee
hansi chaand ki aaj niraali

aasmaan bhi jhoom rahaa hai
chandan tilak lagaaye ae ae
aasmaan bhi jhoom rahaa hai
chandan tilak lagaaye ae ae
phire magan hanson kaa jodaa
apne pankh milaaye
swarg desh ki kaun ye baalaa aa aa
dhoondh rahi phoolon ki maalaa aa aa aa aa
aaj ye kaise deep jalaati
kaisi ye deewaali ee ee
hansi chaand ki aaj niraali
man ko lubhaanewaali ee ee
hansi chaand ki aaj niraali


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4774 Post No. : 16523

Today’s song is from a film of the First decade of Talkie films in India. After the advent of the Talkie films in India, with Imperial’s ” Alam Ara”, many strong filmmakers from the silent era jumped into the field of making Talkie films. Initially only Bombay and Calcutta were the two filmmaking centres, but soon, Kolhapur,Lahore, Madras and a few other places began making Talkie films.

Most filmmakers made films based on Mythology, Folk stories, Costume dramas, but few Social and Historical films were also made. Imperial, Sagar, Bharat, Ranjit, Krishnatone and Mohan Bhavnani’s Indian Art Production made Hindi films in the First year. From Calcutta it was only Maadan Theatres which made Hindi films.

In 1932, Kardar’s Playart Photophone from Lahore, Kamla Movietone and Oriental Pictures from Lahore, Shantaram’s Prabhat Film co. and Torne’s Saraswati Cinetone form Poona, Saroj and Sharda Movietone from Bombay, Elephanta Movietone from Punjab and from Calcutta- New Theatres and the Eastern Films from Hyderabad joined the band of Pioneering filmmakers.

Although preparations for making a Talkie film had started from 1929 itself, initial equipment acquisition and training the technicians took one year and early in 1931 beginning, the talkie films went on floors at Bombay and Calcutta. Calcutta’s Maadan Theatres was better equipped with superior Machinery and A 1 Class actors for their film “Shirin Farhad”. Ardeshir Irani at Imperial, Bombay was making his “Alam Ara” at Bombay. Both companies wanted to be the First to release their Talkie film.

Irani was a clever person. He had his own Network at Calcutta, through which he knew the progress of Maadan’s film. When he came to know that “Shirin Farhad’ would have 18 songs, he took a decision to have only 7 songs in his film. This reduced the shooting and editing days and he was in a position to release his Talkie film on 14-3-1931 at Majestic Cinema in Bombay and record his name in the History books, as the First Talkie Filmmaker. Maadan could only release their film on 30-5-1931 to become the second Filmmaker of Talkie films in Hindi. However, their film was much better technically and sound was clear…yet they were second !

Within the next few years, the decade was shining with popular and meaningful films from New Theatres, Calcutta and Prabhat Film co. Poona. The reason was that New Theatres made films with a solid story base. They tried to make films on well known authors’ works and Prabhat film company took up social evils as the central themes of their films. These two companies also made it a point to make Bilingual movies – in local and in Hindi languages, thus capturing the home market and the All India market with the Hindi version.

Today’s film “Abhagin”-1938 made by new Theatres, Calcutta was based on the story by Bangla famous author Upendranath Ganguli. It was a bilingual film. In Bangla language it was titled ‘ Abhigyan”. Hindi dialogues were by A.H.Shore and lyrics were by Arzu lucknowi. The screenplay was by Phani Majumdar – his first as a script writer, who became a well known Director in later days. Bimal Roy was the Cinematographer. He too became a big filmmaker and a Director.

The film was directed by Prafulla Roy. Prafulla Roy ( Born on 1-1-1892 at Kushtia, Bengal) started his career in the silent era by directing 2 silent films. His first talkie film in Hindi was Ramayan-34, made by Bharat laxmi Pictures, Calcutta. Bharat Laxmi Pictures had Prafull Roy as its director for Bangla and Hindi films. Roy directed 12 films in Hindi. 9 out of them were made in Calcutta, 1 film in Lahore (Prem yatra-37) and 2 in Bombay (Mera Gaon-42 and Phulwari-51). Roy had also acted in 2 New Theatres films, namely Millionaire-36 and Mukti-37.

The cast of the film was Prithviraj Kapoor, Molina Devi, Vijay Kumar, Nemo, Menaka Devi, Pankaj Mullick, Chaman Puri (makes his Debut. He was the eldest brother of Madan Puri and Amrish Puri). The film was released in Majestic Cinema, Bombay.

One of the names in the cast is that of NEMO. I remember him as Seth ji, who is disturbed in the night by the Bastiwala’s singing, in the film Shri 420. This strange name is a Latin word, meaning ” Nobody”. All these years, I tried hard but never got any information about him. Recently, however, I could get some information about Nemo. Here it is, for the first time, for our readers.

Nemo (Mirza Muhammad Begg) was born on 27th december 1903 at Calcutta. He passed his Senior Cambridge. One day he, along with some friends, visited New Theatres to see a film shooting. Mirza Muhammad Begg merely wanted to watch the shooting of ‘Yahoodi Ki Larki’ (1933) but, as luck would have it, his visit to the New Theatres studio in Calcutta led to a small role in the same film. The part was that of a Roman king and little did Begg know back then that he’d soon be turning to Latin to fish out a lasting identity.

A year later, he was invited by New Theatres’ founder B.N. Sircar to work as the production manager of ‘Karwan-e-Hayat’ (1935) and another chance role beckoned. A female actor who was supposed to play an old witch in the film failed to turn up for the shooting and Begg volunteered for the part. The make-up department stepped up to the challenge and Begg, unrecognisable in the get-up, did the job (and always considered it his best effort). What happened next is even more interesting. Once the film was ready, the makers felt apprehensive about revealing to the public that a man had played the witch’s role. Begg came up with a solution – a gender-ambiguous screen name for himself. And in a delightfully wacky move, he picked a name that means ‘nobody/nothing’ in Latin – ‘Nemo’.

The name stuck on and this was the beginning of Nemo’s steadfast association with New Theatres – one that resulted in a string of features like ‘Karodpati’, ‘Dushman’, ‘Doctor’ and ‘Zindagi’. He was Vidushak, the royal jester, in ‘Vidyapati’, a rigid but caring father in ‘Jawani Ki Reet’ and the devoted caretaker Dharamdas in P.C. Barua’s ‘Devdas’. These diverse characters earned him appreciation from audiences and critics alike. Further, the story of the Saigal hit ‘The President’ (1937) was based on his idea and he was duly credited for the same. Alongside his work in films, he also edited and published ‘Akkas’ – a very popular Urdu (and later, Urdu-English bilingual) film magazine in those days. Its surviving copies now serve as an important archive of the early talkies. His last film with New Theatres was Kashinath. When Calcutta was bombed by Japan in late 1942, Nemo migrated with his family to his ancestral hometown, Lucknow. He later went over to Bombay for a short while to work in Mazhar Khan’s ‘Pehli Nazar’ (1945), and then returned to Lucknow to settle into a life far removed from the studio lights.

In the middle of it all lies an extraordinary fact – at the time he entered the movies, M.M. Begg was a national billiards champion! He won the inaugural Indian Open Billiards Championship in 1931 and never left the game thereon, despite a busy and flourishing film career. He won the trophy again in 1937, and between the 2 wins, he was the runner-up thrice. Not to mention, he represented the country at international tournaments and also headed various administrative organisations related to the game. His contributions towards establishing and popularising billiards and snooker in India are widely mentioned, and always in glowing terms. He was also obsessed with Racing.

It was nearly a decade after ‘Pehli Nazar’ that Raj Kapoor managed to pull Nemo out of his sabbatical for 2 memorable final acts in ‘Shree 420’ and ‘Jagte Raho’. In both, Nemo played similar roles of manipulative, corrupt seths who hide their sinister designs behind a facade of respectability. If he was jittery about facing the camera after a long gap, it doesn’t show (unless Seth Sonachand’s trembling chin is not a mannerism). He was particularly effective in ‘Shree 420’, where he puts on the most evil smile possible and hisses to Raj Kapoor, “Aap se mulaqaat ho gayi, is mein fayda hi fayda hai.” He also did 2 more films- Raja Vikram-57 and Nag Champa-58.

Nemo worked in 19 films of New Theatres and 4 others totalling 23 films in all. It is believed that he died in Bombay on 18-8-1960. Cinema, publishing, sports – Mirza Muhammad Begg distinguished himself in everything he touched. And chose to call himself a nobody. ( based on information from Filmdom-1946, HFGK, muVyz but mainly an article by Yasir Abbasi, with thanks.)

Today’s song is sung by Kamala Jharia. This is the 5th song from this film to feature on this Blog.


Song- Tumse maangne mein laaj aaye (Abhaagin)(1938) Singer- Kamla Jharia, Lyricist- Aarzu Lucknowi, MD- R C Boral

Lyrics

Tumse maangane mein laaj aaye
tumse maangne mein
Tumse maangane mein laaj aaye
tumse maangne mein

komal tan
komal man
komal tan
komal man
?? ka bojha
kaise uthhaaya jaaye
Tumse maangane mein laaj aaye
tumse maangne mein

koi jo maange muraad
ab bhi hai ?? baaqi
rah gayi maangke
lene ki tamanna baaqi
koi to maange muraad ab bhi hai
?? baaqi
rah gayi maangke
lene ki tamanna baaqi

?? dukh mein koyi
murjhaayi kali
khud khil jaaye
?? dukh mein koyi
murjhaayi kali
khud khil jaaye
sab kuchh ?? khona hai ke
sab kuchh mil jaaye
sab kuchh ?? khona hai ke
sab kuchh mil jaaye

kaun hai
kaun hai
kaun hai aisa jo ki
khud ko preet mein jalaa paaye
kaun hai aisa jo ki
khud ko preet mein jalaa paaye
???
Tumse maangane mein laaj aaye
tumse maangne mein


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4652 Post No. : 16317

Today’s song is from a ‘not so famous’ film from New Theatres – which had been making popular and musical films for the last few years. The song belongs to the film ” Sapera aka The Snake Charmer”-1939. The song was written by Kidar Sharma and the music was by R C Boral-The Doyen of Film music in India. The film was directed by Debaki Bose and the cast was Nawab, Kanan Devi, Pahadi Sanyal,Prithviraj Kapoor, K C Dey, Menaka Devi and others.

Today’s song is sung by Kanan Devi. I have memories that I first heard her singing “Toofan Mail” from the film Jawab-42, sometime in the end of the 40s, when I was about 10 year old. We had a “Phono” (Gramophone) with a lot of records in 2-3 Record boxes. My father was fond of Pankaj Mullick songs, so we had many records of his film and non-film songs. Also Saigal songs, but I only remember vividly the song of Kanan Devi-Toofan mail, ye duniya hai Toofan mail. Later on, as I grew older, other film songs took over, but even today, whenever I hear this song, I get a nostalgic feeling. That was the magic of her singing !

Kanan Devi is a true example of “Rags to Riches” story. She rose from a very low level, but ended up with earning all the honours and respect a successful artiste can have ! When I first read her autobiography-‘ My Homage to all’, tears came to my eyes. Famous film writer late Pran Neville called her “an unlettered slum girl, who rose to become a much sought after social celebrity”. She did not know who her father was, she faced a failed love affair and a broken marriage, but won over all these things to become the winner.

If one sees the history of early cinema in Bengal, about 70% of the cine artistes (in all departments of filmmaking) were educated and from well to do families. Some were foreign returned, some were very rich and very few came from low level. Kanan was an example. In her childhood, she faced days when she had nowhere to go, but in the end, she led the way to other strugglers.

Kanan Devi, the melody queen and superstar of the 1930s and 40s, was a remarkable personality. An epitome of beauty, glamour and grace and the recipient of the prestigious Dadasaheb Phalke Award (1976), Kanan’s life story (1916-1992) transcends that of Eliza Doolittle in “Pygmalion” and “My Fair Lady”. Her memoir “Sabare Ami Nami” (I pay my respect to everyone) provides a fascinating account of her transformation from an unlettered slum girl into a much sought after social celebrity. The most astounding aspect of her persona was her grit, determination and courage which led her to attain the pinnacle of fame and glory and thus become a legend and an institution in her lifetime.

Kanan was born on 22 April 1916 in Howrah, West Bengal. In her autobiography, entitled ” My Homage to all”, Kanan has observed that those she considered as her parents were Ratan Chandra Das and Rajobala, who lived together. After the death of her adoptive father, Ratan Chandra Das, young Kanan and Rajobala were simply left to fend for themselves. Her life story is a true tale of rags to riches. Some say she did her schooling (not completed) from Howrah’s St. Agnes’ Convent School.

A well wisher, Tulsi Banerji, whom she called Kaka babu, introduced Kanan when she was only ten to Madan Theatres/Jyoti Studios, where she was cast in a small role in Jaidev (1926), followed by Shankaracharya in 1927. She was known as Kanan Bala.

By now, she was known as a good singer. By 1929, she was recording several songs. In this year, Kanan Bala met handsome Hiren Bose and a new chapter in her life seemed to be blooming. Hiren Bose was highly educated and had earned titles of “Vidya Bhushan” and “Sangeet Ratna”. In the years 1928 to 1932, Hiren had joined HMV as a Music Director. Here he became a close friend of Kazi Nazrul Islam and Dhiren Das. Both Kazi and Hiren wrote lyrics for songs in HMV .

Around 1929,a new , young and attractive singer came to HMV. Her name was KANAN BALA. She came to record songs. Soon the handsome Hiren cast his spell on Kanan and she started considering him as her mentor in HMV. They were a quartet of friends, Kanan, Hiren, Kazi and Dhiren. In HMV Kanan recorded many songs set to tune or written by Hiren Bose. In 1932,this team left HMV, on the issue of Royalty and joined the newly formed Megaphone Recording company. Here too after 2 years, this team left Megaphone and joined Columbia recording company. By 1934,Hiren wrote in his autobiography- JATI SMAR (My memories)-later that he had lost interest in Kananbala. She was broken-hearted.

Kanan did at least five films with Madan Theatres productions, (1926–1932) Rishir Prem (1931), Jorebarat (1931), Vishnu Maya (1932) and Prahlad, playing even male leads in the last two. She then worked with Radha Films from 1933 to 1936, then with New Theatres from 1937 to 1941, with MP Productions 1942 to 1948 and finally set up her own label Shrimati Pictures, 1949 to 1965.

From silent film roles as a child artist, Kanan made the successful transition into talkie films and was noticed with Jorebarat (1931), Manomoyee Girls School, Khooni Kaun and Maa (1934).

Her films with Jyotish Bannerjee included Joydev (1926), Rishir Prem (1931), Jorebarat (1931), Vishnumaya (1932), Kantahaar (1935) and Manomoyee Girls School (1935). Her films with Prafulla Ghosh were Sree Gouranga (1933), Char Darvesh (1933), Maa (1934) and Hari Bhakti. Others with Radha Film Company were Kanthahar (1935), Krishna Sudama (1936), Bishabriksha (1936) and Char Darvesh (1933).

New Theatres’s P.C. Barua wanted her to play the lead in his Devdas (1935), but, due to contractual reasons with Radha, she could not act in the film, a factor she regretted all her life.

The films of New Theatres, owned by Biren Sircar, established her as a superhit singer and her films ran to packed audiences. She had to travel under constant protection, given her huge fan following. During her years with New Theatres, Calcutta from 1937, she played the lead in Barua’s Mukti (1937), which was perhaps her finest performance, making her the studio’s top star. Apart from Mukti, she did Vidyapati, Saathi (1938), Street Singer (1938), Sapera (1939), Jawani Ki Reet (1939), Parajay (1939), Abhinetri (1940), Lagan (1941), Parichay (1941) and Jawab (1942). She became known as Kanan Devi from this point.

She came in contact with the music maestro Rai Chand Boral, who not only coached and familiarized her in the Hindi accent, but experimented with many classical Western and Indian forms in his music. She received her initial musical training under Alla Rakha. She was employed as a singer at the Megaphone Gramophone Company, receiving further training under Bhishmadev Chatterjee. She later learnt Rabindra Sangeet under Anadi Dastidar. Kanan remained the top star of New Theatres until she resigned her contract in 1941 and began to freelance in Bengali and Hindi films.

She worked with the biggest names in Indian cinema with K. L. Saigal, Pankaj Mullick, Pramathesh Barua, Pahari Sanyal, Chabi Biswas and Ashok Kumar.

M.P. Productions’ Jawaab was perhaps her biggest hit. Her song Duniya Yeh Duniya, Hai Toofan Mail was well received. She repeated the same feat in Hospital (1943), Banphool (1945) and Rajlakshmi (1946). Kanan Devi’s last Hindi film was Chandrashekhar (1948), with Ashok Kumar. In all, she worked in 20 Hindi films. She also sang 86 songs in 16 Hindi films.

In 1947, she went abroad to educate herself with the goings on in the western world of cinema. She was glad to visit Hollywood and meet legends like Clark Gable, Spencer Tracy, Robert Taylor and others. On her return she resumed her professional career and worked in some films before setting up her own Shrimati Productions. Kanan turned producer with Shrimati Pictures in 1949 and later launched the Sabyasachi Collective with the film Ananya (1949). Her own productions were mainly based on the stories of Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay.

Kanan married Ashok Maitra in December 1940. He was the son of the staunch Brahmo Samaj educationist Heramba Chandra Maitra. Despite their best intentions, the marriage could not withstand the severe condemnation by the then conservative society. Even the poet Rabindranath Tagore, who sent a token gift to the married couple received scathing criticism for blessing the couple. The main issue was that Kanan was not expected to be working in films after her marriage. She filed for divorce in 1945. Despite the pain of the divorce, Kanan expressed her immense gratitude towards her first husband for giving her social recognition through marriage for the first time in her life. To Kanan’s credit, she maintained excellent relations with Rani Mahalanobis, sister to Ashok Maitra and her husband, the famous social scientist P.C. Mahalanobis and with Kusumkumari Devi, Ashok Maitra’s mother, even after the marriage was severed.

Kanan married Haridas Bhattacharjee around 1949. Haridas Bhattacharjee was then ADC to the Governor of Bengal. He eventually left the naval service to join Kanan in her filmmaking venture and became a competent director. While raising their son Siddharth in Calcutta, she also formed and worked as the president of Mahila Shilpi Mahal, an organization to help senior female artists and other charitable and community causes, including those for the betterment of Bengali cinema.

It was quite an uphill task for Kanan Bala to transform herself into Kanan Devi in those days when women liberation was unheard of. She had to struggle and with her strong determination and independent personality, she virtually forced the society to shower their respect and esteem on her when she became a celebrity in her own right. In her old age, she fondly remembered her days at New Theatres, full of joy and laughter. She was deeply impressed with K.L. Saigal and had the greatest regard for him.

Kanan Devi virtually stopped singing after 1947. Her last concert was at the India House in London when she was invited by Shri Krishna Menon, the High Commissioner, to perform on 15th August 1947. She mentioned it as the greatest moment in her life as a singer. Kanan inspired a whole generation of later day singers, the foremost being Lata Mangeshkar. She lived a full life both as an artiste as well as a woman. A great devotee of Lord Krishna, during her last years she spent most of her time in worshipping her lord and reading Geeta for her self-realisation and inner peace.

Kanan Devi, as the first lady of the Bengali screen, received many honours for her contribution to Indian cinema. An honorary degree from Vishwabharati, the Padma Shree in 1968 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1976.

She died on 17 July 1992 in Bellevue Clinic, Calcutta when she was around seventy-six years of age. ( based on some information from Wiki, an article by Pran Neville, book ‘ My homage to all’ by Kanan Devi, muVyz, and my notes, with thanks.)

In the film’s cast the name Menaka Devi appears. She is a part of Same Name Confusion, as another Menaka was also active at the same time. Luckily this was from Calcutta and the other one was from Bombay. However, by working in Bombay films and Calcutta films, both Menakas did create enough confusion. Let us know more about this Manaka Devi- Calcuttewali.

Menaka Devi was born in Varanasi on 23-1-1921. Her mother was a resident of the holy city although her father was from Bengal. She studied upto Matriculation. She could speak fluent English and Hindi, but not much of Bangla, having been raised in Varanasi. Her interest in music and dance took her to Bombay where she starred in a couple of films like Prince Thaksen (1929), Uttara Abhimanyu, Ishwar Ki Maut and others as a child artiste. When the Talkie started she acted and sang in Bhedi Rajkumar-34, Pyara Dushman-35 and Krishna Shishtai – 35.

Reportedly, she met the legendary film director Debaki Bose of Bengal during a train journey and he was so impressed by her that he decided to cast her in the lead role of his next venture in the Hindi version of the bilingual Sonar Sansar (1936 in Bangla and Sunehra Sansar-36 in Hindi) and thus began the illustrious career of Menaka Devi.

Her devotion to work was such that she learnt Bengali, her mother tongue although she was anything but fluent in it having spent all her life till then outside Bengal, so that she could play the same role (that of Alka) in the Bengali version also. Dhiraj Bhattacharya was her first hero on the screen. P.C.Barua, who was on the lookout for a young and fresh face to play Jharna in his forthcoming production Mukti (1937) selected her for both the versions ( Bangla and Hindi) and a flow started whereby she starred in films like Adhikar (1939), Abhigyan (1938), Bardidi (1939 in Bangla and Badi Didi in Hindi), Rajat Jayanti (1940) and others.

She decided to try her luck in Bombay around 1944 and starred in a few films there and definitely made her presence felt although playing the second lead most of the time. Kishore Sahu procured her services for Hamari Duniya (1952). She was married to Pannalal Shrivastav and had 1 daughter ( Jaya Ganguly). She turned producer also and this proved her undoing. Both her films as producer, Apna na Huye Apne (No information of this film,probably incomplete) and Jeene Do-48, both starring herself with prominent Bombay stars flopped.

She returned to Calcutta a broken woman and found to her dismay that roles were not coming to her. She joined the MG Enterprise, a drama group of Molina Devi and performed on the stage to continue to live as an actress. She even arranged magic shows along with husband Pannalal Srivastava while small roles came pouring in films like Ekti Raat (1956) and others. The feature that strikes even today while seeing her performance is the spontaneous nature of her acting. Why good roles eluded her is a mystery. She was last seen on the screen in Bhombal Sardar (1983). In all, she acted in 60 films-Bangla and Hindi together.

Her end came on 22-1- 2004 after a prolonged fight not only against poor health but also poverty. Her death was reported only in one Bengali daily although her death news received good coverage on television.

Filmography- Only Hindi
——————————–

Title Place of production Comments
Bhedi Rajkumar-34 in Bombay Acted and sang 1 solo
Pyara Dushman-35 Acted and sang 2 solos
Krishna Shishtai-35 Acted and sang 2 solos
Sunehra Sansar-36 in Calcutta Acted and sang 1 solo
Mukti-37 Acted and sang 1 solo
Abhagin-38 Acted
Badi Didi-39
Sapera-39
Mahakavi Kalidas-42
Shrikrishna Arjun yuddha-45 Bombay Acted
Shravan Kumar-46
1857-46
Chitod Vijay-47
Jeene Do-48 ”( produced also)
Hamari Duniya-52
Do Bigha Zamin-53 Calcutta

Now that we have seen the life stories of Kanan Devi and Menaka Devi-Calcutta Wali, let us enjoy the song from the film Sapera-1939.


Song-Morey ghar aao saajan re (Sapera)(1939) Singer- Kanan Devi, Lyricist- Kidar Sharma, MD- R C Boral

Lyrics

Morey ghar aao sajan re
ae morey pyaare sajan
Morey ghar aao sajan re
ae morey pyaare sajan
roop ki bagiyaa
baras(?) rahi hai
roop ki bagiyaa
baras(?) rahi hai
man ki maina chahak rahi hai
haan aan aan aan
man ki maina chahak rahi hai
ae morey pyaare sajan
Morey ghar aao sajan re
ae morey pyaare sajan
Morey ghar aao sajan re

leti hai angdaiyaan
piyaa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
leti hai angdaiyaan
pi ee
sooni hai hirday ki basti ee
sooni hai hirday ki basti ee
aao ab aan baso re
ae morey pyaare sajan
aao ab aan baso re
ae morey pyaare sajan
Morey ghar aao sajan

leti hai angdaiyaan
piyaa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
leti hai angdaiyaan
pi ee
sooni hai hirday ki basti ee
aao ab aan baso re
ae morey pyaare sajan
Morey ghar aao sajan re
ae morey pyaare sajan
Morey ghar aao sajan re


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4603 Post No. : 16231

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2011-2021) – Song No. 13
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This day ten year ago, which was 23 February 2011, saw 6 songs being covered in the blog from six different movies.

Here are the details:-

3553 Loot liyo mandheer Jawaani Ki Reet (1939) 4 songs covered so far out of 8
3554 Meri majbooriyon ne mera daaman chaak kar daalaa Hospital(1943) 4 songs covered so far out of 8
3555 Saanwri soorat man bhaayi re piyaa Adaa(1951) Movie YIPPEED by now
3556 Meri zindagi mein tum kyun aaye Goonj(1952) 9 songs covered so far out of 11
3557 Aah ko chaahiye ik umr asar hone tak Mirza Ghalib(1954) Movie YIPPEED by now
3558 Sa sa sa sa re Naughty Boy(1962) Movie YIPPEED by now

Three movies whose songs ere covered ten years ago have been YIPPEED by now. The remaining three movies are eligible for Blog Ten Year challenge today.

“Jawaani Ki Reet”(1939)is one of them. This movie was directed by Hem chandar for New Theatres, Calcutta. The movie had Kanan devi, Najmul Hussain, Nemo, Jagdish, Bikram Kapoor, Kalavati, Nand Kishore, Chhabi Irani, Heera Bai, Raajlakshmi, Baid, Shor etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Four songs have been covered so far.

Here is the fifth song from “Jawaani Ki Reet”(1939) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Najmul Hussain. Aarzoo Lucknoi is the lyricist. Music is composed by R C Boral.

Only the audio of the song is clear. Those were the days of actors-singers so it is clear that the song was picturised on Najmul Hussain himself.

Lyrics of the song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.


Song-Jawaani sabko dhokha de (Jawaani Ki Reet)(1939) Singer-Najmul Hussain, Lyrics-Aarzoo Lucknavi, MD-R C Boral

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

jawaani sabko dhokhaa de
jawaani sabko dhokhaa de
aap sanwaarey aap bigaadey ae
aap sanwaarey aap bigaadey ae
hansaake rulwaa de ae jawaani
hansaake rulwaa de ae jawaani
sabko dhokhaa de
jawaani sabko dhokhaa de

madmaathi rut bann`ke aaye
rang nikhaarey ae roop badhaaye ae ae
mast banaa ke mat paltaaye
sukh ke bhes mein aen aen dukh pahunchaaye
mast banaake mat paltaaye
sukh ke bhes mein aen aen dukh pahunchaaye
banaa mahal dhaa dey ae jawaani
sabko dhokha de
jawaani sabko dhokhaa de

roop ke angaarey dehkaaye
angaaron ko phool banaaye ae
roop ke angaarey ae dehkaaye
angaaron ko phool banaaye
phool ka joban mann lalchaaye
lalchaa kar jab chaah mein aaye
phool ka joban mann lalchaaye
lalchaa kar jab chaah mein aaye
door se hi tarka dey jawaani
door se hi tarka dey jawaani
sabko dhokha de
jawaani sabko dhokhaa de ae ae


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4138 Post No. : 15298

Today’s song is from film Manzil-1936.

The film was made by Calcutta’s New Theatres. It was directed by P C Barua – who also acted in the film. P C Barua (24-10-1903 to 29-11-1951) had acted in 8 Hindi films and directed 14 films in Hindi. In film Jawab-42, he even sang one song. The lyricists for this film were Arzoo Lucknowi and A H Shor. The music was composed by R C Boral, duly assisted by Pankaj Mullick. Though there were 9 songs in the film, it seems only 4 songs were issued on commercial records. 2 songs are already discussed and today’s song will be the 3rd song from Manzil-36. The cast of the film was Jamuna, Molina Devi, P C Barua, Prithvirasj Kapoor, Nimo, K C Dey, Harimati, Sitara, Shor etc.etc.

In the first decade of Talkie films, films made by New Theatres, Calcutta were more popular than Hindi films made in Bombay. There were 3 reasons. One- Bangla films were strong on story content. Two- music was appealing – especially of Saigal films and three- their distribution network was very wide and strong, thereby reaching a larger audience. It covered, South, West, North, in addition to East and Burma.

The story content was strong, because almost every film was based on famous Bangla novels. This ensured that the audience was familiar with the theme and now they wanted to see and hear the characters from the book. Film makers from Bengal were all well educated and rarely resorted to made up stories. They invariably made films on famous novels. Films from Bombay were made either from folk tales, Parsi-Gujarati- Marathi stage dramas or on stories cooked up by the so called ” story Departments” of the studios.

While there were films based on stories by authors from many languages, the most such films were based on works from Bengal.The reasons were simple. The film makers from and in Bengal were educated and secondly,those film makers who shifted from Calcutta to Bombay, followed the same pattern. Thus many films were made on novels from Bengal. One name stands out ,whose works outnumber all other authors on whose novels Hindi films were made and that name is SARAT CHANDRA CHATTOPADHYAYA (Chatterjee)-1876-1938.

Other famous authors like Bankimchandra Chatterjee etc. were also used, but to my knowledge, more films were based on Sarat Babu’s novels. Except perhaps Devdas, his novels generally were spun around misunderstandings between Lovers,friends, relatives etc. and ended with happy events. These were entertaining, surely.

Some of his novels on which films were made are…

1. Devdas…1935,55,2002 and 2009. 16 films in 7 languages
2. Parineeta…1953 and 2005
3. Swami…1977(H) and 2008(B) (Antaratma)
4. Apne paraye…1980 (Nishkriti)
5. Chhoti Bahu…71 and 84 (Bindur Chhele)
6. Iti Shrikant…2004 (Shrikant)
7. Khushboo…54 and 75 (Pandit Mashai)
8. Majhli Didi…67 (Mejdidi)
9. Manzil…36 (Grihdaah)
10. Biraj Bahu…54 (Biraj Bahu)
11. Mana Desam…49 NTR’s Debut…Telugu (Vipradas)
12. Vagdanam-61 Telugu (Datta)
( This list is only indicative and not exhaustive)

Today we will listen to a song from film MANZIL-1936, produced by New Theatres, Calcutta. This film is based on Sarat’s “GRIH DAAH” (The inflammed Home).

The novel Grih Daah was first serialised in Bangla paper ‘Bharatbarsha’ in 1919. The novel was published on 20-3-1920 in Calcutta. The central theme of the novel was the conflict between the Bramho Samaj and the Traditionalists in those days.

To understand this theme one must know the background. In the late 19th century BRAMHO SAMAJ was established in Bengal by those Bramhins/ Bhadraloks who thought that it was now time for the Renaisance of the Bramhins who were stuck in the age old outdated customs and rituals. But there was a large group who strongly believed in Traditional ways, values and the customs. In the end of 19th century and the begining of 20th century this battle between these two groups became fierce. Bramhos wanted to be upto date with modern times.

Saratchandra belonged to the Tradionalists. Most of his novels advocated this. Ofcourse,his novels had captivating situations, literary values and very firm and strong Heroines which made his novels very popular. His stories were mostly woman-centric.

One point I must admire in Bengali film makers and that is that they were very loyal and true to the storylines on which the films were made. There was neither compromise nor ” Cinematic liberties” taken at all.

Manzil-36 was a story of this conflict.

MAHIM (Pramathesh Barua) is a poor but educated young man. His friend Suresh (Prithviraj Kapoor) is a rich playboy. ACHALA ( Jamuna ) is brought up in a modern Bramho family, who has the liberty to choose her own life partner. Both Suresh and Mahim love Achala. She chooses Mahim, impressed with his intellectual power and education, though she is also impressed with the riches of Suresh. After marriage, both move to another town. In a short time Achala gets disillusioned about Mahim, due to his poverty. She remembers Suresh. Once Mahim gets this doubt and they fight. Their relations become strained. Mahim falls ill seriously. Meanwhile Suresh arrives in that town and meets Achala. While treating and nursing Mahim, Achala is in two minds.

One day she elopes with Suresh, but in a month’s time she realises her blunder. She sees the playboy ways of Suresh and realises that he is not loving her truly. With remorse, she shows the courage to return to her husband Mahim. He also,with great magnanimity,forgives her and accepts her. Thus the traditional principals have won over the modern outlook.

The cast of this film includes Jamuna and Molina Devi, about whom, not much information was available here. Jamuna’s name is a ” same name confusion” case. I know atleast 3 Jamunas, who worked in Hindi films. Luckily, they all operated in almost different time periods, still Internet makes lot of mistakes in their Filmographies.

Jamuna ( 10-10-1919 to 24-11-2005) was the fourth of the six daughters of Puran Gupta, a resident of a village near Agra, India. Each of the sisters was named after an Indian river like Ganga, Jamuna, Bhagirathi etc. As destiny would have it, Jamuna came to reside in Calcutta, a leading film producing city in India. Originally from Gauripur of Assam’s Goalpara district (undivided), Jamuna was married to the legendary actor director Pramathesh Barua, or P.C. Barua, who died in 1951. She began her acting career in her husband’s famous production Devdas in 1936 and was the film’s lead character Parvati or Paro. She went on to make a number of memorable movies in Assamese, Bengali and Hindi, notably Amiri, Mukti, Adhikar and Sesh Uttar. She stopped acting after Barua died.

Jamuna made her film debut in the 1930s and played a small role in Mohabbat Ki Kasauti (1934), Hindi version of Rooplekha (Bengali), directed by P.C. Barua. A romance started although Barua, hailing from the native Indian state of Gauripur, Assam, was already twice married. As the actress, who was to play Parbati in Barua’s next venture Devdas (1935) reported inability to attend the studio on the very first day of shooting, Jamuna was called from Barua’s residence (she was living with him by then) and was asked to get down to work straight away without any preparation whatsoever. Thus she came to be the first Parbati of Indian talkies- Miss Light had played the role in the silent version of the enormously popular Sarat Chandra novel. Aishwarya Rai happens to the last so far and Devdas has been made and re-made a number of times. Jamuna played the same role in the Hindi version also and was accepted in this very first proper exposure as an actress in her own right.

She continued to act in Barua’s films like Grihadaha (1936), Maya (1936), Adhikar (1939), Uttarayan (1941), Shesh Uttar (1942), Chander Kalanka (1944) and the respective Hindi versions of each film. Barua had left the prestigious New Theatres in 1940 and was directing as well as producing his films. Thereafter she acted in a number of Barua directed Hindi movies like Amiree, Pehchan and Iran Ki Ek Raat. These films however did not add to the prestige of either to Barua or to Jamuna. Jamuna also acted outside Barua direction in three Bengali films Debar (1943) and Nilanguriya (1943) where she proved herself without Barua’s influence. Her last film Malancha (1953) was also outside Barua’s direction. She also starred in its Hindi version Phulwari (1953).

Barua’s death in 1951 when he was only 48 changed Jamuna’s life altogether. She had three sons by Barua, Deb Kumar, Rajat and Prasun. They were all minors at the time and the Gauripur estate refused to take any of their responsibilities. She had to wage a legal battle with the powerful and influential royal family to get her and her children’s dues and recognition. Time settled the matters and she was allowed ownership of the house with its vast adjoining land and also an allowance. Jamuna spent the rest of her life after Barua as a housewife, busy in bringing up her minor sons. She had to complete the unfinished film Malancha of course but bid adieu to the film industry soon after. Later in her life she did attend a number of functions to celebrate the centennial year of husband P.C. Barua and received felicitations from the Government of India and the state Government of Assam as the first Parbati of Indian talkies.

Her last days were not very comfortable and she was bedridden for more than six months prior to her death. She is survived by her three sons and their families and a host of relatives. According to her family members, she had been ill for some time, and the cause of death was illness related to old age. She died at her residence in South Kolkata. She had acted in 13 Hindi films. Her last film was Phulwari-51.

Molina being an uncommon name there was no other actress of this name. Molina Devi was born in 1917. She received training in acting from Aparesh Mukherjee, and made her debut, at the age of 8, in a silent movie. She was acknowledged as one of the leading actresses of the Bengali stage, with her professional career spanning more than three decades.

In 1924, she debuted in a silent film while at the age of 8 and thereafter worked as dancer mainly in the mythological and historical plays. She performed some memorable roles in Bengali as well as Hindi films. She got a break through in Puran Bhagat and, Molina played the title role in the movie, Rani Rasmani. She took various roles, even vamps in her early career such as in Pramathesh Barua’s Rajat Jayanti in 1939. She also directed a Kolkata based theatre troupe, M. G. Enterprises.

Molina worked in Rangana theatre as chief artist. She performed as a singer on radio and contributed for formation of Mahila Silpi Mahal, a welfare association for female artists of Bengal. Molina Devi’s high creative excellence had found expression in such diverse media as the stage, the film and the radio. As a founder of the M. G. Enterprise, now in its twenty-third year, she had been responsible for the success of such well-known plays as ‘Thakur Sri Sri’, ‘Rani Rasmoni’, ‘Jagatbandhu’ and ‘Bholagiri’.

She had been honoured and decorated by many eminent organisations and learned bodies. For her eminence in the field of Drama and her contribution to its enrichment , Molina Devi received the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for Acting.

Her first husband was Jolu Boral and the second husband was actor Gurudas Banerjee.

Molina died on 13 August 1977 in Kolkata. She acted in 22 Hindi films. Her first Hindi film was Raaj Rani Meera-33 and last film was Babla-53. She also sang 11 songs in 4 Hindi films.

The singer of today’s song, Harimati Dua was one of the three singers of the First playbback song in Hindi Film History recorded for film Dhoop Chhaon-1935, along with Parul Ghosh and Suprova Sarkar.

She acted in 2 films and sang 9 songs in few films like, Manzil, Dhoop chhaaon, Maya, Ananth Ashram and Khudai khidmatgar.


Song-Aaye sajni shubh din aaye sab ki bigdi Raam banaaye (Manzil)(1936) Singer- Harimati, Lyrics- Aarzoo Lucknowi, MD- R C Boral

Lyrics

Aaye sajni
shubh din aaye
Aaye sajni
shubh din aaye
sab ki bigdi raam banaaye
sab ki bigdi raam banaaye
dekh dekh ke man lalchaaye
dekh dekh ke man lalchaaye
aankh mili
dil bhi mil jaaye
aankh mili
dil bhi mil jaaye
moh ka rasiya ras barsaaye
moh ka rasiya ras barsaaye
jalti agni maar bujhaaye
jalti agni maar bujhaaye
Aaye sajni
shubh din aaye
Aaye sajni
shubh din aaye
sab ki bigdi raam banaaye
sab ki bigdi raam banaaye

?? nahin hansi ye ro dena
?? to nahin hansi ye ro dena
na apni na wo kahin aap hi se ro dena
na apni na wo kahin aap hi se ro dena
sadabahaar bane ye tumhaara raaj suhaag
sadabahaar bane ye tumhaara raaj suhaag
jo sukh dukhon se mila hai
wo phir na kho dena
jo sukh dukhon se mila hai
wo phir na kho dena
ye rog wo hai jo dil ?? ke jaan leta hai
ye rog wo hai jo dil ?? ke jaan leta hai
usi ki jeet hai jo haar maan leta hai
usi ki jeet hai jo haar maan leta hai
Aaye sajni
shubh din aaaaaaaye


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3477 Post No. : 13968

The year 1940 can be regarded as a benchmark year for Hindi film industry to assess its progress in the talkie era as it marked about a decade since talkies came into being. Although studio systems (in which artists were on the payrolls of the studios) continued, slowly the star system was evolving in which the star actor commanded the salary acccording to his success rate in box office collections. During this period, actors with star values emerged. They commanded good salary from their respective studios to ward off poaching by the competing film production companies. Films with K L Saigal, Prithviraj Kapoor, Chandramohan, Surendra, Motilal, Ashok Kumar, Durga Khote, Madhuri, Sabita Devi, Kanan Devi, Shobhana Samarth, Leela Chitnis, Naseem Bano etc were expected to be box office hits.

If one goes by the estimates done by ‘Filmindia’ magazine of prominent stars’ salaries in the early 40s, most of these stars were getting a monthly salary ranging from Rs.3000-5000/- from their respective studios. (If we relate it to the cost of indexing to 2013, the amount is equivalent to about Rs.48000-80000/- per month). With the World War-II, the cost of production of films had shot up. There was an acute shortage of raw films. Many film production companies had reported to have bought raw films in the black market.

On the one hand, the cost of film production went up, with less purchasing power at the hands of cinegoers due to World War-II, perhaps they became choosy in watching films. Those days, publicity of films was mostly by words of mouth of the cinegoers. As a result, many Hindi films with star actors failed at the box office. For example, a few films listed below with star value released in 1940 failed at the box office:

1 .Bharosa (1940) – Chandramohan, Sardar Akhtar, Mazhar Khan

2. Deepak (1940) – Prithviraj Kapoor

3. Geeta (1940) – Chandramohan, Durga Khote

4. Main Haari (1940) – Naseem Bano

5. Sajni (1940) – Prithviraj Kapoor, Sabita Devi

‘Haar Jeet’ (1940) produced under the banner of New Theatres was one such film which failed at the box office in spite of having star value and a reputed banner. The film was directed by Amar Mullick. The star cast included Kanan Devi, Pahadi Sanyal, Nawab, Nemo, Nand Kishore, Meera Dutta, Pannalal etc. The film was based on a Bengali short story ‘Shubhojog’ written by Upendranath Ganguli.

The story of the film was as under:

It is the story of two theatrical companies competing with each other. Kamala (Kanan Devi) is the star actress of the Ruby Theatre. Narendra (Pahadi Sanyal) is the star actor of the Bina Theatre. Narendra leaves Bina Theatre and joins Ruby Theatre. Here he falls in love with Kamala. They get married in a rural setting among the peasantsand stay in the rural area. In keeping with the rural setting, Narendra forbids Kamala from acting in the theatres. However, she does not heed his advice and continues to acts in the plays of the Ruby Theatre. They are separated.

After staying among the peasants for some time, Narendra also re-joins Bina Theatre. While the Bina Theatre achieves success, Ruby Theatre goes bankrupt. This is regarded as the punishment for Kamala who has refused to be a dutiful housewife. At the end, Kamala and Narendra are united.[Based on the review of the film in ‘Filmindia’ magazine, November 1940 issue with some additional inputs from ‘Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinemas’].

The ‘Filmindia’ review has blamed inept direction and a weak story line for the failure of the film. I feel that the film’s ending is a reflection on the male dominated society of rural India in the early 20th century which one would often find in Hindi films of 1930s and 1940s.

‘Haar Jeet’ (1940) had 9 songs written by Arzoo Lucknowi and Kidar Sharma. However, individual accreditation to the song is not available. It may be noted that Kidar Sharma had left New Theatres in 1937 after the completion of the shooting of ‘Vidyapati’ (1937). So, I guess, his contribution as a lyricist, if any, may be only marginal and most of songs may have been written by Arzoo Lucknowi. Songs were set to music by R C Boral.

I am presenting the first song ‘mast pawan shaakhen lahraaye’ from the film ‘Haar Jeet’ (1940) which marks the debut for the film in the Blog. The song is sung by Kanan Devi and Pahari Sanyal. The main feature of the song is that it has a long musical prelude of 1:34 and thereafter there are no musical interludes. I guess, this song may have been the earliest one to have the longest duration of the musical prelude in any Hindi film song of that time. Perhaps this record was broken by this song which had a musical prelude of 1:50.


Song-Mast pawan shaankhen lahraayen (Haar Jeet)(1940) Singers-Kanan Devi, Pahadi Sanyal, MD-R C Boral
Both

Lyrics

mast pawan shaakhen lahraayen
ban ban mor papeehe gaayen
ae ae mast pawan shaakhen lahraayen
ban ban mor papeehe gaayen
ae ae mast pawan shaakhen lahrayen
phool
phool
phool phool par bhanwre jaayen
jaa kar
preet ke
geet sunaayen
phool phool par bhanwre jaayen
jaa kar preet ke geet sunaayen
jo hriday mein geet hai vyaakul
tu bhi usey sunaa sunaa
jo hriday mein geet hai vyaakul
tu bhi usey sunaa sunaa
gaa sajanwaa gaa
sajanwaa
gaa sajanwaa gaa

mast pawan shaakhen lahraayen
ban ban mor papeehe gaayen
ae ae mast pawan shaakhen


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Hamrahi-45, a remake of Bangla film ‘Udayer Pathey’-44, made by New Theatres, Calcutta and a maiden Directorial Debut by Bimal Roy, both for Bangla and Hindi.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Dard e Dil”(1953) was produced and directed by Nitin Bose for Nitin Bose Ltd, Bombay.. The movie had Nimmi, Premnath, Meenakshi, Murad, Nawab, Protima Devi, Sultan Mazhar, Ratan Kumar, Shriram etc. in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Street Singer” (1938) was directed by Phani Majumdar for New Theatres. The movie brought together K L Saigal and Kanan Devi together for the first time. This movie had thirteeen songs in it. As many as ten songs from this movie have been covered in the blog.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 17000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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