Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Amirbai Karnataki


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4749 Post No. : 16482 Movie Count :

4477

HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO ASAD BLOG !

HEARTIEST CONGRATULATIONS TO ATUL JI FOR COMPLETING 13 YEARS OF HIS BLOG !!

CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL TEAM MEMBERS ON THIS OCCASION !!!

Today the Blog completes 13 years. Now that it is in its Teens, a lot of activity is expected. We are all with Atul ji in maintaining the lead position of this Blog in the Cyber world of HFM lovers.

I first came to know about this Blog somewhere in 2011. I do not remember the date or month. I had newly learnt how to operate the computer and I had the enthusiasm of a Novice to surf and find various sites and Blogs. I had completely retired from my work and was thinking of reverting to and rediscovering my old hobby of old films and music thereof. I had unpacked my old diaries and notebooks, wherein I had made notes about every film that I had seen from my childhood. I was thrilled when I saw this Blog while surfing.

I kept on visiting it often to read all the posts and enjoy familiar old songs. I found that the Blog is dedicated to film songs from the beginning to modern times. I was also impressed with the comments by its readers from almost every corner of the world. In those days, a lot of readers used to express their views by commenting. This gave additional information, a focus on improvement and understanding the choices of the visitors.

I also started making comments, armed with the information from my diaries and notebooks. These information pieces were authentic and unique because these were not to be found anywhere on the internet. I specialised in providing stories of films made in the period from the 30’s to the 60’s. On a rough estimate I posted around 600 film stories and almost the same number of information comments on films, music, starts etc etc. The other members of the Blog now started recognising me. On the prodding and encouragement of Atul ji, my first post came up on the Blog on 1-10-2012 and after that there was no looking back.

What is the speciality of this Blog ? I would unhesitatingly say – CREDIBILITY. This Blog is famous all over the Cyber world of old HFM lovers, as a place where correct Lyrics and information that is trustworthy and reliable, is available. I am very active on Social media and I feel very happy when excerpts from this Blog are produced as a proof of something in a dispute. I see people quoting from the Blog. This proves that the Blog has earned the honour of being a Reference Point for many people. This is the result of Atul ji’s strong conviction that information here must be beyond doubts, reliable and trustworthy.

Today, the Blog can boast of (till 17th July 2021)

No. of Song Posts 16474
No. of films represented 4470
No. of films with all songs covered 1271
No. of visitors till date 1,45,91,249

If you break up the number of visitors so far, everyday about 3118 people visited the Blog, i.e. 130 persons every hour. With this kind of statistics, no doubt, this Blog must be the No. 1 Blog, catering to the HFM lovers all over the world. (WordPress claims that it is read in 198 countries worldwide).

I feel honoured and proud to be a member of this team. Once again, I congratulate Atul ji and wish the Blog many more Anniversaries in future.

Today’s song is from an obscure film “Manager”-1947. The film was made by Tiwari productions and was directed by I.P.Tiwari. Obviously he seems to be the owner of the banner. His name is found only for this one film. Possibly he was one of those “novo rich” financers who cropped up due to the war period activities, who tried their hand at making and directing films. This social film had 7 songs written by lyricist Kumar Sharma and music was by a Debutant Music Director Ramkrishna Shinde.

Have you ever heard the name of a composer called HEMANT KEDAR ? No, it is not a pair like S-J,K-A or L-P. It is a misleading one name( like another such single name Shyamji Ghanshyamji, for example). OK, did you ever know about R.K.Shinde or Ram Shinde ? I am sure most of the readers may not have heard these names. These are the names of Ramkrishna Shinde. This reminds me of composer Snehal Bhatkar who used 5 different names as composer.

Ramkrishna Shinde was a multi talented composer, who could not shine, though he had talents. Further he started his career at a time when India’s big composers like C.Ramchandra,Naushad, Husnlal-Bhagatram, Shankar-Jaikishan etc were in their best performing period and had hogged almost all the major production houses as their Patrons. In this flood of Musical Tsunami, smaller composers remained smaller due to non availability of exposure and good banners, waning into oblivion ! Those who had talents plus good luck survived, but composers with talents without Luck were soon forgotten.

Ramkrishna Shinde was born on 19-4-1918 in Malvan area of Maharashtra Coastal Belt. He was the eldest amongst 2 brothers and 2 sisters When he was 9 yr. old, his father died and the family was shifted to Bombay, by aunt and uncle. His interest in music was unusual. He took training in vocals from Pt.Sitaram and learnt Sitar from Pt. Madhav rao. For survival, he took up a job in Dawn Mills. In 1944, he got married. Same time, he met Dancer Parvati Kumar and Tabla player Ramakant. He soon left the job and started giving music to Marathi stage plays. He was a very popular composer.

His first Hindi film as a composer was Manager-47, followed by Kiski Jeet-48 and then Bihari-48, with Naresh Bhattacharya. Not getting films anymore,he turned to giving music to Dance Ballets. He became so famous that 27 of his ballets went abroad with his music. He was called by Amiya Chakrawarty for giving Dance Music in Usha kiran’s film Gauna-50.

He returned to Hindi films again. This time as Hemant Kedar. Reason for this name- his favourite Ragas were Hemant and Kedar. He gave music to
Khaufnak Jungle-55, Police Station-59 and Captain India-60.

Hemant Kedar ( Like Daan singh and Jaidev) must be one whose unreleased films numbered many or more than his released films. Some of his Unreleased films were
1. Hamari kahani
2. Avinash
3. Sati mahananda
4. Jannat ki Hoor
5. Peeli kothi
6. Paataal Devta ( This was the film in which actress Mumtaz had Debuted, but not released)

Hemant Kedar gave music to 2 Marathi films. Side by side, he did 5-6 programmes on All India Radio. After the advent of Television, he started giving music to TV Ballets and was in great demand for it. He did about 15 Ballets on TV. He became ill and expired on 14-9-1985, leaving behind his wife and two daughters. Luckily, his wife had a good job. (Thanks to http://www.beetehuedin.blogspot.com and book ” मराठी चित्रपट संगीतकार कोष ” by Madhu Potdar, HFGK, muVyz and my notes for this information.)

I am not aware of the story of this film. However, on scanning the Film India issue, I found a remark about this film. According to that, it was a film about mill workers and their relations with its Manager. The cast of the film consisted of Purnima, Jai prakash, Sarla, Aziz, Tiwari, Ameenabai etc.etc. The Heroine Purnima made her Debut with this film. I do not know anything about actor Jai Prakash.

Today’s song is a duet by Amirbai Karnataki and A R Oza. It is a good song. With this song, film Manager-1947 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Rut rangeeli aayi sajaniya rut rangeeli aayi (Manager)(1947) Singers-Amirbai Karnataki, A R Oza, Lyrics-Kumar Sharma, MD-Ramkrishna Shinde
Both

Lyrics

Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

masti chaaron oar hai chhaayee
masti chaaron oar hai chhaayee
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

dil ki kaliyaan dol rahi hain
dil ki kaliyaan dol rahi hain
aasha man mein bol(?) rahi hai
aasha man mein bol(?) rahi hai
?? angdaai
?? angdaai
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

mera bichhda meet mila hai ae ae
mera bichhda meet mila hai ae ae
jeevan ka sangeet mila hai
jeevan ka sangeet mila hai
teri hi thhi aag lagaai
teri hi thhi aag lagaai

Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

yaad dilaa do ??
jawaani ki koi
kahaani suna do
itni hai
itni hai bedard jawaani
laut ke phir nahin aayi
laut ke phir nahin aayi

Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

tum hi ho meri kaaya maaya
tum hi ho meri kaaya maaya

tumhi ne hai sansaar basaaya
tumhi ne hai sansaar basaaya
?? tumhri kamaai
?? tumhri kamaai
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

ghar mein joru ?? na jaata
?? fakat hai Ishwar se naata
ghar mein joru ?? na jaata
?? fakat hai Ishwar se naata
nahin mili hai koi lugaai
nahin mili hai koi lugaai

Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

masti chaaron oar hai chhaayee
masti chaaron oar hai chhaayee
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4747 Post No. : 16474

Today’s song is from the film Mazdoor-1945, made by Filmistan. The film was directed by Nitin Bose (26-4-1897 to 14-4-1986).

After leaving New Theatres, Calcutta due to a dispute with B.N.Sircar, he decided to shift to Bombay. His dispute with Sircar was so bitter that Nitin Bose did not even see his last directed film ” Kashinath”-1943, till the end of his life. Before he came to Bombay, his name had already become famous here and many big studios were eager to employ him.

His first film in Bombay was Mujrim-44, made under the banner of Vishnu Cinetone, owned by V.M.Vyas. The film did average business. He was then invited to Filmistan, by S. Mukherjee, who was known to him, being a Bengali. The film was Mazdoor, based on the problems of labourers. This was his second film in Bombay. After this film Nitin Bose was called by Bombay Talkies, another studio which gave opportunities to capable Bengalees.

The cast of the film Mazdoor-45 was full of new actors. The Music Director was also a B grade one- Hari Prasanna Dass. The Lyricist was G.S.Nepali. The cast of the film consisted of Indumati, Veera, Nasir khan, K.N.Singh, Radhakishen and others.

Nasir Khan (1-10-1924 to 1-5-1974) was making his Debut in this film. He was known as the younger brother of Dilip Kumar- who himself Debuted with the film Jwar Bhata-1944, just an year back. Indumati became a Heroine for the first and last time. Later she did only character roles. Veera was a Parsi girl. She too was Debuting in this film as a second Heroine. That meant that all the leading actors were new and were making their Debut. In this case, Nasir Khan, unknowingly emulated his elder brother who too debuted with a Debutante heroine- Mrudula, in the film Jwaar Bhata-1944.

There were 6 songs in the film. I have heard all the songs and I find them good songs.

The Music Director HARI PRASANN DASS (1905-1989) was born in Chittagong in 1905. He became a well known Bengali Composer. His 26 Bengali films made his name known in the music circle in Calcutta in late 30s and 40s. He was assistant to Pankaj Malik in films Dushman and Kapal Kundala-1939.

Hemant Kumar Mukherjee was his assistant in Bengali film ‘Byabdhan’-1939. It was H P Dass who gave his FIRST Bengali film song to Hemant Kumar in the film ‘Nimai Sanyas’-1941. Till that time Hemant had only private songs to his credit.

In 1952, H P Dass gave music to NAGORIK , along with Ustad Bahadur Khan, a complete English film-an art film for international audiences-made by the legendary filmmaker Ritwik Ghatak. This was a film even before Satyajit Ray’s Pather Panchali, but due to some reason this film was released only on 20-9-1977, after the death of Ritwik Ghatak. It is said that despite ill health, H P Dass went to New Empire Theatre in Calcutta to see this film.

K.C.Dey was a good friend of HP Das and sang many Bengali songs and Bhajans for him. On his recommendation, H P Dass took Manna Dey as his assistant in Hindi films Veerangana-1947,Sati Toral-1947 and Hum bhi Insaan Hai-1948. It is believed that after hearing Manna Dey’s music and songs in this film, Raj Kapoor invited him to sing for his films later on.

His first Hindi film as a MD was New India Films’ Blood Feud (or Josh-E-Inteqam)- 1935. His other films were Mohabbat-43, Meena-44, Kadambari-44, Mazdoor-45, Begum-45, Insaaf-46, Veerangana-47, Sati Toral-47 and Hum bhi insaan hai-48.

He died on 26-9-1989.

Now let us know something about the leading ladies, since they are new names for most.

INDUMATI LELE (Born 18 December 1927 – Died 11 September 2013), forgotten Yesteryears Indian Theatre and Film Actress turned Folk Artiste.

Indumati and Kumudini Lele who were once famous as ‘Lele Sisters’ in Hindi and Marathi Theatre and Cinema fields, have been forgotten today. Indumati Lele, died at the age of 86, when she was still working as an examiner for the television program ‘Dum Damadam’.

Kumud and Indumati, were both known as ‘Lele Sisters” in the fifties. Both of them originally hailed from Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh. Their father Girdhar Lele was in Government job as Director of Agriculture, at Indore. From an early age, the two sisters loved acting and dancing. Both were involved in dance and dance related activities in their school. Prithviraj Kapoor saw the two at one of the school events and talked to their father and brought them straight to Mumbai. For the next two years, both sisters worked as artists in Prithviraj Kapoor’s ‘Prithvi Theatres” until the company closed. They played different roles in several of his Plays and had the fortune of touring India all along with Prithviraj Kapoor.

While Kumudini acted in Bimal Roy’s ‘Parivar’, ‘Bandini’ etc. and in few Marathi films like ‘Ram Ram Pauna’ etc., Indumati Lele acted in Prithviraj Kapoor’s’ Shakuntala’ and other plays. She also acted in some films while working in ‘Prithvi Theaters’, like Mazdoor-45, ‘Shehnai’ (1947), ‘Aag’ (1948), ‘Sunahare Din’ (1949), ‘Gauna’ (1950), ‘Chaudhwin ka Chand’ (1960), ‘Budtameez’ (1966), ‘Man Mandir’ (1971), to name a few. In Raj Kapoor’s ‘Aag’ (1948), she acted as his mother. She also appeared in two English films, ‘Householder’ with Leela Naidu and ‘Shakespearewallah” both with Shashi Kapoor.

Veera was from a Parsi family. Her full name was Veera Ankaleshwaria. Obviously, her family came from Ankaleshwar, a small industrial town(now), in Gujarat. She started her career in films as a Heroine opposite Nasir khan in the film Mazdoor-1945. Then came Shikari-46 and later Eight days-46, both had Ashok Kumar as the Hero. Both the films were from Filmistan. Her last film as Heroine was Tohfa, opposite Rehman and Leela opposite Agha , both films from 1947. Then she stopped getting Heroine roles and shifted to side roles. In all she did 22 films.

Her other films were, Veena, Ziddi, Chanda ki Chandani- all 48, Sanwaria-49, Hamara Ghar and hamari beti- 1950, Hamari shaan, Ramjanma and Sagar-1951, Aasmaan, izzat, Moti mahal, Sanskar and Shin shinaki boobla boo-all1952, Dana Pani-53, Boot polish and Sheeshe ki deewar both 1954.

She married Mohsin Abdulla, who had worked in Bombay Talkies as a writer. He was the younger brother of actress Renuka Devi ( Begum Mirza). After the marriage, both migrated to Pakistan in 1955. No news after that.

About Nasir Khan, I have written about him in my earlier posts, so I will not repeat it.

The Film India magazine issue of June 1946 gives a review of this film. Surprisingly, Baburao patel has some good words about this film, though mostly the review is critical of Direction and the story. The story of the film revolves around Hero and his 2 loves, with a background of Labourer’s problems. The film has taken inspiration from the Hollywood film ” How green is my valley”-1941. The story, in short, is….

Nasir khan is in love with a village girl-Indumati. He leaves for the city to get a job. He saves a mill owner’s(K.N.Singh) daughter-Veera from a car accident. He is taken to her house as he is wounded in this process. He recovers and is made Manager of the mill. Veera falls in his love. Meanwhile Indumati and her mother-Moti, suffer in the village. They too come to the city and Indumati gets a job in the same Mill. There are Labour problems in the Mill and 2 groups compete with each other. Finally there is confrontation between the Unions and the Mill owner. Nasir khan, at the end, exposes the Mill owner and joins the Union leader, thus uniting with Indumati.

The film was released on 18-5-1946 in the Roxy Theatre of Bombay. It seems the film did reasonable business. Today’s song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki. This is the second song from this movie to appear in the blog.


Song- Chhaaye hain kaale megh to bauchhaar bhi hogi (Mazdoor)(1945) Singer- Amirbai Karnataki, Lyricist-G S Nepali, MD- Hari Prasanna Das

Lyrics

Chhaaye hain kaale megh to bauchhaar bhi hogi
Chhaaye hain kaale megh to bauchhaar bhi hogi
kabhi to apne baagh mein bahaar bhi hogi
kabhi to apne baagh mein bahaar bhi hogi
Chhaaye hain kaale megh to bauchhaar bhi hogi

o rone waale ae ae
ae ae ae ae ae ae
o rone waale raat mein
tu bhool na jaana
tu bhool na jaana
aayega yahaan bhor mein
badlega zamaana
hansi khushi mein ye gali
gulzaar bhi hogi
kabhi to apne baagh mein bahaar bhi hogi

hamse bichhad ke saajna pardes gaye hain
hamse bichhad ke saajna pardes gaye hain
unse bichhad ke ae ae
aaj ham khaamosh huye hain
unse bichhad ke ae ae
aaj ham khaamosh huye hain
khaamoshi bhi aaj ye
gulzaar bhi hogi
kabhi to apne baagh mein bahaar bhi hogi

?? ae ae ae ae
?? dhaar mein
lahron se bahaaron
jo sabka maaji hai bada
tum usko pukaaro
jo sabka maaji hai bada
tum usko pukaaro
majhdhaar mein hai naao
majhdhaar mein hai naao
to paar bhi hogi
kabhi to apne baagh mein bahaar bhi hogi
Chhaaye hain kaale megh to bauchhaar bhi hogi
kabhi to
kabhi to
kabhi to apne baagh mein bahaar bhi hogi


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4726 Post No. : 16441

Blog 10-Year Challenge (2011-2021) – Song No.28
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After the successful release of Prabhat Film’s ‘Padosi’ (1941) on January 25. 1941, V Shantaram, the director, remained inactive for more than one year in Prabhat Films which was unusual for him. His next directorial venture was ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) under his own banner which was released sometime in the second half of 1943. Apparently, there was something unusual happening in Prabhat Films.

To know what was going on in Prabhat Films in general and with V Shantaram in particular, I browsed through the available issues of ‘Filmindia’ magazine of the yeas 1941 and 1942 wherever there were references to Prabhat Films and V Shantaram. What I gathered from the various columns of the magazine is summarized below which explanins as to why V Shantaram got sidelined in Prabhat Films:

(1) The grapevine was that all was not well among the 5 partners of Prabhat Film Company after the release of ‘Padosi’ (1941). It was speculated that some of the partners were not on the speaking terms and they rarely met to discuss the future plans. This discontentment was evident from the fact that in January 1941, there was an announcement that V Shantaram will direct Prabhat’s next film, ‘Omar Khayyam’ with Jayshree in the lead role. The screen-play and dialogue writing were completed and film was to go on shooting floor in April 1941. But no progress was made beyond screen-play and dialogue writing. Eventually, the film was shleved.

(2) Sometime in the middle of the year 1941, Prabhat Film Company had spared the services of V Shantaram to Government of India as the Chief Producer for its Film Advisory Board (later called as Film Division) at a remuneration of Rs.2500/- per month. He was the first Indian to head the Film Advisory Board of the Government of India. Although he was allowed to work for Prabhat Films whenever his services were required, Prabhat Films did not give him any assignment.

(3) Around the same time, V Shantaram married Jayshree Kamulkar who was the lead actress in Prabhat Film’s Marathi version of ‘Padosi’ (1941), titled as ‘Shejari’. Earlier, one of the partners of Prabhat Films, Keshavrao Dhaiber had married actress Nalini Tarkhud who was the heroine in Prabhat’s ‘Rajput Ramani’ (1936). For this, he was made to exit from the partnership of Prabhat Films. Since then, there was a rule in Prabhat Films that any partner marrying the actress in the payroll of the Company would have to leave the partnership. This rule would also apply to V Shantaram.

Since V Shantaram did not immediately exit from the partnership of Prabhat Films after the marriage, it is quite possible that sparing his services to the Film Advisory Board was a way out to keep V Shantaram out of Prabhat Films. This arrangement may have also suited V Shantaram as he got the time to plan for his future film ventures before he finally exited from his partnership in Prabhat Films.

V Shantaram exited from the partnership of Prabhat Films in May 1942. He continued with his new assignments with Film Advisory Board until September 1942 when he resigned his post as the Chief Producer. By this time, he had set up Silver Screen Exchange, his film distribution company for Western India and was in advance stage of setting up of his film production company. He had already announced ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) as the first film under his newly set up banner, Rajkamal Kala Mandir. He had almost finalised buying National Studio for Rs.7 lakhs and he had already made the announcement to this effect.

But unlike doing business in Kolhapur and Pune, Mumbai was highly competitive. When the news of his buying National Studio became known in the film industry, Keki Mody, the Chief of Western India Theatres put his bid for National Studio at much higher price and snatched away the deal from V Shantaram. It was a setback for V Shantaram as he had planned to start the shooting of ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) soon after the acquisition of the National Studio.

The necessity of buying a studio become a prestige issue for V Shantaram more than for the immediate requirement for the commencement of shooting for his first film. So, he immediately bought Wadia Movietone’s studio for Rs.2 lakhs – much lower price than his bid for National Studio. But it had a hidden cost – the cost of renovation and the resultant delay of about 3 months to commence the shooting of ‘Shakuntala’ (1943).

The shooting of ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) started in January 1943 and got completed in July 1943. Therafter the film was released. It ran for 104 weeks in a single theatre in Mumbai. Thus the two years of inactivity of V Shantaram in commercial cinema was rewarded with a grand success of ‘Shakuntala’ (1943).

10 years ago on this date (26 June 2011), one song from the film ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) was posted on the Blog. So far, 10 songs (out of 13) from the film have been posted on the Blog, details of which are as under

Sr. No. Song Posting Date
01 Jeewan ki naao na doley 09/06/2011
02 Kamal hai mere saamne 25/06/2011
03 Pyaari pyaari ye sukhad maatribhoomi apni 26/06/2011
04 Jhooloongi jhooloongi 30/06/2011
05 Tumhe prasann yoon dekh ke 04/05/2014
06 Chaand sa nanha aaya 06/05/2014
07 Na jaane kahaan ka ye jaadoo kiya hai 24/07/2017
08 Chali apne ghar ko Shakuntala 18/08/2018
09 Mere baba ne baat meri maan li 04/08/2019
10 Ek prem ki pyaasi bani banwaasi 25/06/2021

I am presenting the 11th song, ‘meri biraha ki rain thhi ek to badi’ from the film ‘Shakuntala’ (1943). The song is rendered by Amirbai Karnataki. There were two lyricists – Diwan Sharar and Ratan Piya for the film. However, for the song under discussion, individual accreditation is not available.

The song is picturised on a dancer whom I am not able to identify. The situation of the song is that as soon as King Dushyant gets to see the ring which he had presented to Shakuntala after his marriage with her, his memories of the time he spent with Shakuntala is restored. He becomes restless and is eager to see Shakuntala. This song is the reflections of what is going in the mind of King Dushyant.

Lyrics of the song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

Audio Clip:

Video


Song-Mere birha ki rain thhi ik to badi (Shakuntala)(1943) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, MD-Vasant Desai

Lyrics (provided by Prakashchandra)

mere birha ki rain thhi ik to badi
dooje badhti ee gayi
aur badhti gayi
mere birha ki rain thhi ik to badi
uthhi rang(?) ki siyaahi se kaali ghataa
kaali raat ke chadhti ee
chadhti ee gayi
mere birhaa ki rain thhi ik to badi

hai biyog ki lambi kahaani meri
kabhi ant main uska likh naa saki ee
kabhi likhti rahi
kabhi padhti gayi ee
phir likh likh
likh kar
padhti gayi
mere birha ki rain thhi ik to badi


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4725 Post No. : 16438

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2011-2021) – Song No.27
———————————————————–

The story of Shakuntala which is based on a classic Sanskrit play ‘Abjijanashakuntalam’ written by Kalidas has been one of the favourites of film makers. Two silent films with the title ‘Shakuntala’ were made in 1920 – one directed by Suchet Singh and the other by Shrinath Patankar. In 1929, Fatma Begum also directed a silent film with the same title. With the advent of sound film in 1931, two films were released with the same title in 1931 – one directed by Mohan Bhavnani and the other by J J Madan. Sarvottam Badami of Sagar Movietone directed ‘Shakuntala’ (1932) in Telugu. Jyotish Banerjee directed ‘Shakuntala’ (1941) in Bengali.

When V Shantaram set up his own Rajkamal Kala Mandir in 1942, he produced and directed ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) as his first film under his banner. He remade the film in 1961 with the title ‘Stree’. Bhupen Hazarika made the film in Assamese in 1961 and Kunchako directed the film in 1965 in Malayalam. The list is not exhaustive but the number of films made so far shows the popularity of the story of Shakuntala.

Since Prabaht Films did not make film on ‘Shakuntala, probably, V Shantaram thought of making Shakuntala as his first film after leaving Prabhat Films in May 1942, V Shantaram set up his own film production company, Rajkamal Kala Mandir. In October 1942, he acquired Wadia Movietone’s studio and renovated the same which took about 3 months. Simultaneously, he was also busy with the preparatory work for his maiden film, ‘Shakuntala’ (1943). When the studio was ready after renovation, he signed Chandramohan for the role of Dushyant opposite Jayshree in the role of Shakuntala. The shooting of Shakuntala started in January 1943 and it took about six months to complete the shooting. The film was released tereafter.

‘Shakuntala’ (1943) was a big box office hit which laid a strong foundation for Rajkamal Kala Mandir. In Mumbai, the film ran for 104 weeks in Swastik theatre. In 1947, the film was released in the USA with English sub-titles. The New York Times carried the review of the film in its issue dated December 26, 1947. Among other things, the review has said:

Shakuntala has charm entirely of its own. The story – call it a fairy tale or just plain Hollywood – is strictly boy-meet-girl, forest version with inevitable reunion. The lovely background, the unabashed naivete of acting of the entire cast, the crudely rich musical score and above all the expertly flavoursome English subtitles all blend together to make Shakuntala a sturdy screen promises from our Indian friends.

Almost all the songs of the film became very popular. I recall that my mother used to often sing at least 3 songs from the film, one of which I am presenting with this article. She was singing despite the fact that she did not speak and understand Hindi at that time (in the late 1940s) in my native place. Of course, I heard her singing in my childhood only when we shifted to Mumbai in early 1950s and realised after about six decades that the songs she was singing were from ‘Shakuntala’ (1943).

‘Shakuntala’(1943) was the beginning of a long association of V Shantaram with Vasant Desai as a music director which continued till ‘Mausi’ (1958). It is said that during the making of ‘Navrang’ (1959), their relations sour leading to the separation. But his respect to his mentor, V Shantaram was so great that he did not reveal the reasons of his separation even to his family members. Later, he was recalled by V Shantaram to provide background music for ‘Geet Gaya Patharon Ne’ (1964) and as a music director for ‘Ladki Sahyadri Ki’ (1966).

10 years back, one song from the film ‘Shakuntala’ (1943) was posted on the Blog. So far, 9 songs (out of 13) from the film have been posted on the Blog, details of which are as under:

Sr. No. Song Posting Date
01 Jeewan ki naao na doley 09/06/2011
02 Kamal hai mere saamne 25/06/2011
03 Pyaari pyaari ye sukhad maatribhoomi apni 26/06/2011
04 Jhooloongi jhooloongi 30/06/2011
05 Tumhe prasann yoon dekh ke 04/05/2014
06 Chaand sa nanha aaya 06/05/2014
07 Na jaane kahaan ka ye jaadoo kiya hai 24/07/2017
08 Chali apne ghar ko Shakuntala 18/08/2018
09 Mere baba ne baat meri maan li 04/08/2019

I am presenting the 10th song, ‘ek prem ki pyaasi bani banwaasi’ from the film, sung by Amirbai Karnataki. The song is written by Ratan Piya which is set to music by Vasant Desai.

The song is picturised on Zohrabai (not to be confused with Zohrabai Ambalewaali), in the role of Menaka to seduce sage Vishwamitra to break his meditation. The song can be regarded as one of the earliest attempts of ‘honey trap’ which Lord Indra laid, fearing that with his deep ascetic practice and meditation, sage Vishwamitra would acquire enormous power to challenge the gods.

Audio

Video


Song-Ek prem ki pyaasi bani banwaasi (Shakuntala)(1943) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Ratan Piya, MD-Vasant Desai

Lyrics

aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aaa
aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aaa
ek prem ki pyaasi
ek prem ki pyaasi
bani banwaasi
ban mein tumhaare aayi
ban mein tumhaare aayi
nain khol dekh o bairaagi
nain khol dekh o bairaagi
bairaagan kya laayi
bairaagan kya laayi
aa aa aaa
aa aa aaa

main roopmayi
tum gyaanjayee
main vilaasi tum banwaasi ee
prem bina sab gyaan adhoora
prem bina sab gyaan adhoora aa
mat bhoolo sanyaasi
mat bhoolo sanyaasi
aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aa
ek prem ki pyaasi bani banwaasi
ban mein tumhaare aayi
nain khol dekh o bairaagi
bairaagan kya laayi
bairaagan kya laayi
aa aa aaaaaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4665 Post No. : 16338 Movie Count :

4437

Today’s song is from a ‘C’ grade stunt film “Toofani Takkar”-1947. 1947 was an year which had produced a record breaking number of films – 181 films. This record stood for 57 years,i.e. from 1931 to 1988, when 185 films were made and the 1947 record was broken.

1947 was an year which saw India’s Partition. It devastated India and its many industries. Millions migrated from India and millions came from both East and the West. This had also shaken the film industry. While hundreds of artistes fled to Pakistan, their vacancies were almost immediately filled up by the waiting second line of artistes – some who came back from Pakistan and from those who had waited in the wings,so to say, for opportunities. So, Indian film industry was not a loser to a great extent, but it was Pakistan, who had to build their own film industry, with the help of those who were trained in India. I can not say that till today Pakistan could do it satisfactorily. The main reason was Pakistan never had prepared a second line of artistes to take over, once the India returned artistes retired or died.

In 1947, the number of films was large in quantity, but qualitatively, majority films were completed hurriedly as artistes had to leave India. India’s best singer actor K L Saigal had died in the beginning of the year. That was a great blow. Exit of Nurjehan and Khursheed was another blow. However, on this front, India had enough talents to replace them. So, despite the unprecedented disturbances, the film industry could balance itself quickly and even in 1947, many landmark movies were made.

It was in 1947 that Lata entered the field of Playback singing with ” Aap ki sewa mein”. Naushad introduced Uma Devi through his film ‘Dard’. C Ramchandra gave musical hits like Shehnai and Saajan. S D Burman, Shyamsunder, Khemchand prakash, Vasant Desai and Husnlal-Bhagatram gave musical films. In 1947, surprisingly, Stunt/Action films were made above their normal average number. Film Toofani Takkar was also one such Stunt film.

This film was made by A M Khan Productions. The film was directed by A M Khan himself. Now, this Khan was a person with many qualities. He was an actor, a lyricist and a director. In his 30 years’ career he had acted in 2 films – Dil-46 and Bigde dil-49. He wrote 24 songs in 3 films – Cyclewali-38, Ran Sangream-39 and Bahana-42. A M Khan directed 37 films. His first film was Woh kaun-1935 and his last film was Jadui Anguthi-1965. When I went through his Filmography as a Director, I found that he directed mostly Stunt, Action and Costume films only.

Some of his films had interesting Titles….Cycle Wali-38, Chabuk wali-39, Motor wali-42, Khanjar wali-43 and to top it all, he also directed Police wali-49 ! Titles of his films had words like Lutari, Lutaran, Bala, Sundari, Lady, Tilasmi, Jadui, and Toofani. These are typically indicative of their genre-Stunt. A M Khan was also a Stunt specialist. In those days, some directors specialised in such films. Like for example, Nari Ghadiyali, Aspy irani, Ramniklal Shah,Master Bhagwan, Harischandra rao and Chandra rao kadam etc.

Apart from Khan’s Filmography, no other information about him is available. Similarly, the film’s music Director was Sardar Vir Singh. This gentleman had just one more film to his name as a MD – Flying Express-1949. No further information about him also. This is all normal, because the stunt,action films’ budget is very important and to economise, Director and MD was chosen on their price, perhaps. The audience never came to such films to see histrionics or listen to lilting music. Their interest used to be in fights and daring action scenes in the films.

Similarly, the lyricists – Kaiser Sawai and Kaiser Jafri too were unknown. In the 30’s and the 40’s, the lyricists were paid very poorly. In the 30’s the rate was 10 to 30 rupees per song. In the 40’s it increased to50 to 100 in case of well known lyricists like Kavi pradeep or Majrooh etc. The cast fo the film consisted of the usual action film artistes, about whom hardly any information was available.

Surprisingly, some songs in this film were sung by Amirbai karnataki – who was an A grade singer that time. Today’s song is also sung by her. I like her songs. In fact one of her songs in the film “Parbat pe apna dera”-44…Pareshan hoon ki kyun meri pareshani….is my all time favourite song. There is an interesting anecdote of Amirbai’s life, which I remember. Here it is….

Actor of the 40’s decade A.Himalayawala (Afzuluddin Himalayawala) was an outspoken and straightforward person, fond of hunting, football and travelling by car. He toured all of India twice in his car. In 1943, he married actress singer Amirbai Karnataki. After marriage he banned her from acting in films. Within 2-3 years, on this and other issues, they could not get along. He used to hit her and take all her money. At last, it was rumoured that he gave her talaaq after taking 2 lakh rupees and her car. Even after this he was stalking her. She stayed with her elder sister Ahilya Bai. Then one day, she was kidnapped by Himalaywala, from the recording room. She was kept locked in a room and beaten daily. She somehow managed to inform this to her sister.

Ahilyabai then got in touch with her acquaintance Mr Rasiklal Vyas and his brother Chhailabhai Vyas – one of the best criminal lawyers of Bombay. With their political and social connections, they forced the police to register an FIR, which was refused due to Himalaywala’s bribe. Meanwhile Himalaywala was alerted by his cronies. Within a few hours Amirbai was escorted back to her sister’s place, by Himalaywala. All this episode is described in full details in the book ‘Aap Ki Parchhaiyaan’, by Rajnikumar Pandya ji. Amirbai later married Gujarati Journalist Badri Kaanchwala.

Himalaywala was not famous in India. After Partition, he went to Pakistan. There he became a very famous and successful actor and won awards too.

Today’s song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki. This rare song was given to me by my friend Abhay Jain of the USA. It was uploaded, as usual, by Sadanand Kamath ji, for me. With this song, film Toofani Takkar-47 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Duniya ka dastoor niraala maara jaaye chaahnewaala (Toofaani Takkar)(1947) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Kaiser Jafri, MD-Sardar Vir Singh

Lyrics

Duniya ka dastoor niraala
Duniya ka dastoor niraala
maara jaaye chaahnewaala
Duniya ka dastoor niraala
Duniya ka dastoor niraala

bhoolnewaala bhoolaa na jaaye
bhoolnewaala bhoolaa na jaaye
tod ke dil ko dil mein samaaye
tod ke dil ko dil mein samaaye
haathh chhudaa kar haathh na aaye
dil thha(?) chhota bholaa bhaala
Duniya ka dastoor niraala

aapbeeti (?) hai qurbaani
aapbeeti (?) hai qurbaani
khoon kiya hai apna paani
khoon kiya hai apna paani
kahiye kyon thhi ye hairaani
kaanta dil ka kisne nikaalaa
Duniya ka dastoor niraala

himmat itni mujhko ataa ho
himmat itni mujhko ataa ho
udhar zafa ho idhar wafaa ho
udhar zafa ho idhar wafaa ho

khush rehne yaa roothhne waala
Duniya ka dastoor niraala
Duniya ka dastoor


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4586 Post No. : 16205 Movie Count :

4409

Today’s song is from an obscure and unknown film of the early 40s, which is making its debut on this Blog. The film is Rahgeer-43. Rahgeer means Pathik or a Traveller. No information is available about this film anywhere, except what is provided in HFGK.

1943 was an year in which the IInd world war was in full swing. Both sides were almost equal. The effects of the war on India were… it faced the infamous Bengal Famine, caused by the war profiteering. Controls on film production were tightened by the Government. I.P.T.A. became operative with its first staged p0lay ‘ Nibanna’. Film Kismet became one of the biggests Hits ever. V.Shantaram’s Rajkamal Kalamandir debuted with Shakuntala, so did Mehboob with his film Najma. Government made showing of Newsreel before any film mandatory. Film Raj Nartaki’s english version The Court Dancer was exhibited in the USA, first time for an Indian film.

1943 produced 105 Hindi films, the highest number during the war years, 1939 to 1945. Many landmark and musical films appeared in this year giving a respite to the war torn audience of Indian Cinema. Let us take a look at some of these films.

Film Bhaichara had music by the only other ” Sursagar” musician – Himangshu Dutt ( the more well known being the singer Jagmohan Sursagar). C. Ramchandra had his first musical hit with film Bhakta Raj, made by Jayant Desai productions. Film Gauri from Ranjit became Monica Desai’s first Hindi film in Bombay. It was a very successful film with songs by Khemchand Prakash, based on Bangla Folk tunes. Kanan Devi gave some sweet songs in the film Hospital, under Kamal Dasgupta’s baton.

Bombay Talkies film Hamari Baat was the last film in which Devika Rani acted. Anil Biswas was the composer. Music Director Khurshid Anwar brought Gauhar Sultana from Lucknow to sing some songs in the film Ishara. Naushad'[s musical film Kanoon had some good Suraiya and Shyam duets. Film Kashinath was Nitin Bose’s last film in New Theatres, after he developed differences with B.N.Sircar.

Anil Biswas gave his career best musical Hit film ” Kismet”- the longest running film from Bombay Talkies. Nurjehan’s musical film Nadaan was popular with songs from composer K.Datta. Director Mehboob made his first film Najma, under his own banner Mehboob productions. Yet one more musical from Naushad- film Namaste. At last a musical hit for composer S.N.Tripathi- Panghat from prakash Pictures. Rajkumari Shukla sang her only Hindi song in this film.. (the film was remade as Chitchor-1976).

Film Paraya Dhan had music by Bengal’s famous musician Gyan Prakash Ghosh. Deena Pathak sang her only 2 songs in this film as Deena Sanghavi. Ghulam Haider makes merry again with Shamshad hit songs in film Poonji from pancholi, Lahore. Minerva Movietone blockbuster prithvi Vallabh had 5 songs from menakabai Shirodkar.

One more superhit film – Ram Rajya from Prakash Pictures had very good songs from composer Shankar Rao Vyas. Saraswati Rane gave 2 melodious songs. Yashwant joshi and Yashwant Nikam sang the famous song ” Bharat ki ek Sannari ki katha”. Ram Rajya had also a distinction as the only Hindi film that was seen by Mahatma Gandhi, on 2-6-1944.
( before this Gandhi had seen ” Mission to Moscow-43′ an English film, in Wardha, according to The Hindu (Kathmandu Ed.) dt.8-2-2010). The film had early songs by Manna Dey also. Naushad in full swing with his 3rd Musical Sanjog, where Suraiya gave playback to Mehtab, the Heroine. Vasant Desai gave excellent songs in hit film Shakuntala by V.Shantaram.

In presence of so many hit and musical films an ordinary film Rahgeer was nowhere to be counted. The film was directed by A.Rashid, for whom this was his first film as a Director. Later on he directed 3 more films- Airmail-46, Daulat ke liye-47 and Bulbul-51, for which he wrote some lyrics also. Hafiz Khan Mastan gave music and also acted in it. His case is a ” Rags to Riches to Rags” story.

Hafiz Khan was born in 1917 in Agra. His father Ustad Wahid Khan, from Etawah Gharana, was a famous musician. He sent his two sons, Hafiz and Aziz, to his elder brother Ustad Inayat Khan at Calcutta to learn Sitar. However, both brothers were more interested in film music than learning Sitar.

Ustaad Waheed Khan was a well known and respected player of Sitar and Surbahar. His place in the Etawah Gharana was high up. He had 3 sons. Bande Hassan,Hafiz khan and Aziz Khan. Waheed khan was very keen that his sons should continue his profession,earn a name and shine in classical music of Etawah Gharana. He thought working for music in films was below their dignity and a shame. Bande Hassan specialised in vocal music and became a famous qawali exponent. Second son Hafiz khan,after initial training in classical music turned to film singing,without father’s knowledge. Not only that,he also accepted the pen name of Mastana-awarded by composer Meer Sahib- to hide his identity from father. The third son Aziz Khan also went the film way,using the name Aziz Hindi sometimes.

Though Aziz Khan did not continue his family profession,he ensured that his son Pervez took the training and became an International Sitarist,settling in USA. Even son of Pervez- Shakir became a famous Sitarist. he continues the Etawah gharana tradition now.

Hafiz came to Bombay in the mid 30s and sang a song in the film Bahadur Kisan-1938, music by Meer Saheb. Meer Saheb took him to Minerva and he was employed as a singer. He sang in films like Talaq-38, Jailor-38, Main haari-40 and Sikandar-41. Looking at his jolly nature, Meer Saheb gave him the name Mastana and he became Khan Mastana. Later in his professional life, he wrote Khan Mastana as a singer and Hafiz Khan as a MD.

As a Composer he started with Wasiyat-40, then came Virginia-40, Akela-41, Muqabla, 42, Raahgir-43, Neelam-45 etc. In all, he gave music to 29 films, composing 215 songs. As a singer, he sang 152 songs in 83 films. He also acted in 9 films and directed 1 film- Paramount-41. As a singer he last sang in the film Nek Khatoon-1959 and as a composer his last film was Gunehgaar-53. As an actor his last film was Shikarpuri-47.

Khan Mastana became quite rich. He had 5 flats in Bombay. He had a professional competition with singer G.M.Durrani. It is alleged that once Khan Mastana tried to make Durrani eat a ” Pan ” laced with Sindoor(mercury), so that he can never ever sing again. However, Durrani suspected and vomited immediately. Later, when its analysis was done, the fact came out. Anyway, thanks to Durrani, he did not make it a public issue. Only 17 years after Khan Mastana’s death, Durrani spilled the beans, but did not take Khan Mastana’s name, even then. Only his close friends knew this.

When Mastana was at the height of fame and work, he was invited by the Prince of Hyderabad State to teach music to his Begum. Due to some reason, the Prince became angry with Mastana and he was kept captive for a long time in Hyderabad.

By the time he returned to Bombay. The film industry had changed a lot. Many new singers had appeared. The music pattern had also changed. Khan found it difficult to get singing assignments. However, he continued to compose music. When the bad times continued, he had to sell all his flats, cars etc. He became so poor, that he had to beg near the Mahim Masjid. He also started drinking and taking drugs. Once Naushad saw him there. He tried to help him but drinking had spoiled him completely. Finally he died on 6-3-1972. One of his sons was still begging near the Masjid.

There was a time when in the film Laila Majnu-45, he was the main singer and Rafi was in Chorus. When the bad days came , in the film Laila Majnu (incomplete), Rafi was the main singer and Mastana was in the Chorus ! That is Destiny !!

Today’s song is by Amirbai Karnataki. The song and the tune is quite good. With this song, film Rahgeer-43 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song-Apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai (Raahgeer)(1943) Singer- Amirbai Karnataki, Lyricist- Shevan Rizvi, MD-Hafiz Khan Mastana

Lyrics

Apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai

aankhon mein abhi se kyun
aansoo ye chale aaye
aankhon mein abhi se kyun
aansoo ye chale aaye
hamne to abhi dil se
hamne to abhi dil se
ik faans nikaali hai
hamne to abhi dil se
ik faans nikaali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai

gurbat ke zamaane ki
purdard kahaani ye
gurbat ke zamaane ki
purdard kahaani ye
sah daali magar phir bhi
sah daali magar phir bhi
ik baat chhupaani hai
sah daali magar phir bhi
ik baat chhupaani hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai

rote hain zamaane ke
hansne ke liye ??
rote hain zamaane ke
hansne ke liye ??
soorat bhi kabhi roki
ab hamne zamaane se
soorat bhi kabhi roki
ab hamne zamaane se
apni to zamaane se har baat niraali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai
aankhon mein diye gham ke
daaman pe deewaali hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4344 Post No. : 15650

Today’s song is from the film Jwar Bhata-44. It is an important film of the 40’s, because it was the Debut film of Dilip Kumar.

In Hindi film industry, the “Trimurti”of Raj, Dev and Dilip dominated the decades of late 40s, 50s and the 60s- a period of about 25 years in the Golden Age of Hindi films.These three were the most popular, most talked about and the most ‘ín demand’ actors when they were in full form. Each one had a dedicated fixed audience for their films.There were others equally,if not better, actors in this period like, Ashok Kumar, Motilal,Balraj Saqhni, Sanjeev Kumar etc, but these three were different.

What was so different in them ? One point strikes me most, that they never compromised,in selecting films or roles. In other words, once they got established as Heroes, they did not do any roles which did not suit their temperament, style or capacity. For example, when Ashok Kumar was famous as a Romantic Hero,he acted in a Mythological film, “Savitri’-1937, to do Satyavan’s role. Again in 1945, he did the title role in the film ‘Humayun”. Both these Genres were misfits to his image then. He looked pathetic in those misfitting roles. The big three kept off such venturisms, thoughtfully !

Secondly, they always chose only the big banners and ensured they got the maximum footage, the best songs and the best scenes. Thirdly, they never worked with heroines other than A class and of their choice.

Agewise, Dilip Kumar was the seniormost, having been born in 1922. Dev Anand was next, from 1923 and the youngest was Raj kapoor, born in 1924.However, he was the first to die, in 1988. Careerwise, Rajkapoor had only 41 years’ career, from Hamari Baaten-43 (first adult role) to Kim-84. Next was Dilip Kumar, having a career span of 54 years – from Jwar Bhata-44 to Qila-98. Dev Anand had the longest career span of 65 years, from Hum Ek Hain-46 to Chargesheet-2011. He was also the only one of the three, to continue in the next Century, i.e. 21st Century !

All the three gor Dadasaheb Phalke award. Raj Kapoor got it in 1987 at his 63rd year, Dilip Kumar in 1994,when he was72 years and Dev Anand received it in 2002, when he was 79 year old.

While Dilip Kumar and Dev Anand started as Heroes (rather one of the Heroes) in their careers, Raj Kapoor started as a Child artiste in film Inqilab-35 and did 3 films as adult roles, before he became the hero in film Neel Kamal-1947. The first one to become Hero was Dilip Kumar in Jwar Bhata-44 and next was Dev Anand in Hum Ek hain-46.

During my association with this Blog and in my 870 posts, which I wrote here, I have hardly written about songs of these 3 actors. I don’t remember exactly, but I think I have written about 2 films each of Raj, Dev and Dilip, so far. The first film of Dilip Kumar I wrote about was the film Milan-1946 and today’s film Jwar Bhata-44 is his second film today. This is his Debut film.

One more point about these three actors. It was only Raj kapoor’s First Heroine Madhubala, who also became a famous A grade actress. In case of Dilip Kumar, his first Heroine, Mridula Rani and Dev Anand’s first heroine Kamala Kotnis, never took off in Hindi films, nor did they reach A grade status. In a span of a few years, their careers as heroines ended. The Shortest career was of Kamala Kotnis ( who was actually a Telugu actress, married to a Marathi Cinematographer Pandurang Kotnis, who was the younger brother of Dr. Dwarkanath Kotnis, on whose life, V.Shantaram had made the film “Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani”-1946). Mridula survived longer with about 60 films, upto 1980 to her credit. The last I had heard about her was, in 2016 when she was alive and stayed in Worli, Mumbai. As far as Madhubala’s career, we all know too well.

Incidentally, the case of actress Ameeta was also similar. She was the heroine of Shammi Kapoor in film “Tumsa Nahin Dekha-1957”. He became a big star, but Ameeta remained as a B and C grade film actress. The opposite is the career of Meena Kumari. In her initial career, she was the Heroine of Mahipal. Later Meena Kumari became a big A class actress, but Mahipal remained where he was- B class films.

The case of Dilip Kumar was opposite to Raj Kapoor and Dev Anand’s cases. Both these actors struggled hard in their initial stages, but Dilip was extraordinarily lucky. He was actually invited to be a Hero directly. Here is his story, how he came into the film line…

Born as Yusuf khan in Peshawar, on 11-12-1922, he was third amongst 12 siblings. His father moved to Bombay in 1930 to set up the family’s Dry Fruit business. Yusuf graduated (B.A.) from Khalsa College and took up his first job as Assistant manager in the Army Canteen at Deolali Camp, near Nashik in Maharashtra. Unlike the other two stars (Raj and Dev), he had absolutely no connection in his family with film line, dramas or any art for that matter. One brother did MBBS and settled in the UK, another did Management course and the youngest Nasir Khan alone joined films – much later than Dilip Kumar.

Devika Rani of Bombay Talkies had gone for shopping, one day. At one fruit shop, she saw Yusuf, who had, by chance, replaced his ill father, in the shop. She found his face sensitive and eyes expressive. She called him, talked to him and gave him her card, asking him to meet her next day at the studios. After the routine Screen tests,interview etc, Yusuf was taken in by Bombay Talkies as an apprentice. Devika Rani started grooming her personally. Bhagvati Charan Sharma, famous Hindi writer, employed by Bombay Talkies then, gave yususf the name Dilip. The suffix Kumar was borrowed from Ashok kumar. Bunny Rueben, Film Historian says, “Devika Rani came up with three names – Dilip Kumar, Vasudev and Jahangir. Yusuf selected Dilip kumar.”

Bombay Talkies was heaven for New talents. It had launched and relaunched to fame, Heros like Ashok Kumar,Jairaj, kavi Pradeep, directors K A Abbas, N R Acharya, Najam Naqvi, Amiya Chakrawarty, Gyan Mukherjee, Bimal Roy and actresses Renuka Devi, Mumtaj Shanti, Ranjana and many more. Dilip Kumar’s first film in Bombay Talkies was Jwar Bhata-44. He was not the main Hero. Agha was the main Hero. Dilip was the second hero. His Heroine-Mridula Rani was also a New Entrant.

In his first film, Dilip Kumar did not impress anybody. He was criticised heavily by Baburao patel, who called him Ánaemic and one who needs a lot of good food to look better. As such, even Bombay Talkies also did not have much expectation from him. They had pinned their hopes on the new Heroine Mridula Rani. With every film, Dilip Kumar improved, beyond belief and India got an A class actor.

The story of Mridula is sad. She fell into marital trouble and sank deep into it. She took a break of about 4 years and when she came back, she had to accept only character roles, which she did.

Mridula was a victim of her contract with Bombay Talkies. It destroyed her career as a Heroine forever. Devika Rani was her Mentor in Bombay Talkies. However, after Himanshu Rai’s death, no one was listening to her in the company due to groupism. Disgusted, Devika rani left Bombay Talkies,having sold all the shares. Mridula got stuck in the company without work, due to her 5 year contract. It was Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures who somehow convinced Bombay Talkies to loan her to him and she got roles in 2 of their films. In the film ‘Bhakta Dhruva”-47, she played mother to 16 year old Shashi kapoor (sr) when she herself was about 23 year old only ! But she had no choice. The film and her role became famous, but she lost her chances of becoming Heroine in any film thereafter for ever.

Mridula ( real name Chandrakanta) was born on 2-11-1924 at Almora, but was educated in Delhi. When she was in college doing her graduation, Amiya Chakravarty of Bombay Talkies came to Delhi on a Talent Hunt. He contacted her and gave her an offer. She signed a 5 year contract with Bombay Talkies and Devika Rani became her Mentor, teaching her everything. She was paid 2500 rupees salary with a furnished house. Her first film was “Jwar Bhata”-44, opposite another Debutant Dilip Kumar (Yousuf Khan). After Himanshu Rai’s death, Bombay Talkies was already in disarray. Many people had left the company due to differences with Devika Rai. A group of them formed Filmistan.

After getting released from Bombay Talkies, she acted in few films – Samaj ko badal dalo-47Bhakt Dhruv-47, Toote taare-48, Nar Narayan-49, Veer Babruvahan-50 and Ram Darshan-50.

She got married to her lover Mr. G C Andley. However the marriage was unsuccessful and she went back to Delhi. She spent a miserable life selling whatever she had, to survive. She got divorce and came back to Bombay to work in films, in 1954. She worked in 53 films after this. Her last released film was Saboot-80, though she had married again and retired some time before that.

The last I heard about her was, she was living in worli, Mumbai all alone, in 2016. Her only daughter stayed nearby and looked after her.
( some information for this post has been taken from the book – “Hero vol.I,” by Ashok Raj, with thanks.)

Today’s song is sung by Parul Ghosh and Amirbai Karnataki. Pt Narendra Sharma is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.


Song-Prabhu charnon mein deep jalaao(Jwaar Bhaata)(1944) Singers-Parul Ghosh, Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Pt Narendra Sharma, MD-Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
kare kripaa jo krishnachandra to
kare kripaa jo krishnachandra to
kyun dukh kaa andhiyaalaa ho
kyun dukh kaa andhiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao

hridayakamal kaa sinhaasan
bane kr^ishna kaa vrindaavan
hr^idayakamal kaa sinhaasan
bane kr^ishna kaa vrindaavan
jeevan apanaa use saunp do
jeevan apanaa use saunp do
jo jag kaa rakhvaalaa ho
jivan apnaa use saunp do
jo jag kaa rakhvaalaa ho

prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao

nainaa prem-chakor sakhi
chandaa nandakishor sakhi
nainaa prem-chakor sakhi
un nainan se dekh jagat ko
un nainan se dekh dekh
un nainan se dekh jagat ko
base yhaan nandalaalaa ho
base yahaan nandalaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao

giridhar ke charanon mein aa
giridhar ke charanon mein aa
raadheshyaam naam gun gaa

koras:raadheshyaam raadheshyaam
jai raadheshyaam raadheshyaam

giridhar ke charanon mein aa
giridhar ke
maalik meraa bansiwaalaa
maalik meraa bansiwaalaa
man meraa brijabaalaa ho
maalik meraa bansiwaalaa
man meraa brijabaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4252 Post No. : 15472

“Bhanwra”(1944) was a comedy movie that was well received during its time.

Mr Arunkumar Deshmukh, our in-house encyclopaedia on HFM related information has this to say about this movie:-

Bhanwara-44 was a story of two friends- Pancham (Saigal) and Rikhab (Arunkumar Ahuja), who come to Bombay in search of employment. The chawl where they stay,in single room tenements, has a pair of sisters, Indu(Monica) and Bindu(Kamla Chaterji). Indu happens to work as a teacher in the same place where Pancham is working as a Music and singing teacher. They fall in love. His friend Rikhab loves Bindu but is too shy to express his love. In this, he is assisted by his neighbour friend Pehelwan (Lala Yaqub). With his help, Rikhab develops a great body and finally wooes his ladylove. At the end, both the couples unite happily. The film was full of comic sequences, particularly with Arun Ahuja and Bindu. All in all, it was a hilarious movie.

Here is a rare song from “Bhanwra”(1944). The song is sung by Amir bai Karnataki. Swami Ramanand is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khemchand Prakash.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturization of this song.


Song-Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale (Bhanwra)(1944) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Swami Ramanand, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa
sooni hai tujh bin man ki nagariya
sooni hai tujh bin man ki nagariya
aa ke ise tu basa aa aa
aa ke ise tu basa
aa ke ise tu basa aa aa
aa ke ise tu basa
Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa

badli ke aanchal mein jaise hon taare
badli ke aanchal mein jaise hon taare
taare
palkon mein aise jo rehna ho pyaare
palkon mein aise jo rehna ho pyaare
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa

do pal ke din hain
rut hai suhaani
do pal ke din hain
rut hai suhaani suhaani
yaad se aaye hain aankhon mein paani
yaad se aaye hain aankhon mein paani
itna na hamko rula aa
itna na hamko rula
itna na hamko rula aa
itna na hamko rula
itna na hamko rula
itna na hamko rula


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4218 Post No. : 15419 Movie Count :

4248

Today’s song is from a Mythological film of 1950, based on the early life of the popular God – Krishna. The film is Janmashtami-1950.

1950 was the last year of the decade of 1940s. This was a period when young Independent India was looking for its own identity. It was those times when the New World was beginning to influence the social structure of Indians. The joint family system was still in vogue. Almost every home had senior old people and they were the guiding lights for the younger generation. Men who were blooming into their youth, were a confused lot. They were caught between old customs and the call of the New World ways. Nehru’s socialism still attracted the majority and Democracy was sending its roots deeper into the grounds.

Ours was also a big joint family. With a sizeable number of senior old family members, religious atmosphere was maintained in the family. After the Prakash Pictures film “Ram Rajya”-43, the trend for the older people was to see every religious film that came calling. Having a guaranteed and assured audience, film makers became enthusiastic in producing Mythological films. The Holy Hindu books like Ramayan and Mahabharat and stories from 18 Puranas provided ample source material to make films. Religious films were also cheaper to make. The did not need any famous stars, famous directors or popular Music Directors of social films.

Like Stunt films, religious films too had fixed stars as actors, specialist Directors, Music Directors and Lyricists who were in demand for such films. Right from older actors like Prem Adeeb and Trilok Kapoor to newer actors like Bharat Bhushan and Manhar Desai, from Shobhana Samarth and Meena kumari to Nirupa Roy and Anita Guha and from Shankar Rao vyas and H C Bali to Avinash Vyas and S N Tripathi – a whole range of artistes were ready to carry the torch further. This automatically increased the number of Mythological and religious films made in the decade of 50’s (1951-1960) to an astounding figure of 124 films in the 10 year period. This worked out to at least 1 new film every month for 10 continuous years.

My liking and love for such films developed in this period. I was about 10 year old in 1950 and I had been chosen to act as a Male “Chaperone” to accompany the group of family oldies going to see such religious film. I liked the bright costumes and trick scenes in these films. This also imbibed in me to study our Vedas and other religious books to know more about the religion. This study and knowledge helped me a lot in in charting my career and family journey, in life.

According to scriptures, there were 10 Avatars or incarnations of God on this earth in various forms. Out of these, the characters of Ram and Krishna attained cult status. No wonder, most films were made in this Genre on stories about these two. Ram appeared on this earth first in Treta Yug, followed by Krishna in Dwapar Yug. In my opinion, Krishna is a more popular God than Ram. Ram depicted the model of a common Prince, without any super powers. He taught us righteousness, sticking to Justice and doing good all times. Ironically, in Ram’s total life, he suffered in more number of years than he ever enjoyed.

Krishna, Hero of many legends was with qualities like Love and Playfulness. He taught us how to be street smart. His philosophy was to use any means to achieve Goals. The common man has respect for Shri Ram, but he loves Krishna. On a cursory count, I found that more films are made on stories involving krishna than Ram. That is because, the common man feels that krishna teaches us how to live in today’s world and tackle bad people.

Film Janmashtami-50 depicts Krishna’s early life in Gokul and Mathura, till he goes to Dwaraka. The film is full of little Krishna’s antics. The role of young Krishna is done by Rajkumar khatri. He actually makes his Debut in films, with this movie. This actor Rajkumar is one of the ” Same Name Confusion” actors.

There were in all 5 Raj kumars in the industry at the same time. The first was Kannada Hero Dr. Rajkumar. However, he never worked in any Hindi film, so no confusion about him.The second was the famous Dialogue master Raaj kumar ‘Jaani’. Third was Rajkumar Gupta ( from Ranchi), who was the main character in popular film Jagriti-54. He never worked again in any film. Fourth was Raj(u) Kumar, a junior artist, who did minor roles- mostly uncredited-in films like Shri 420-55, Jagte Raho-56. Dilli ka Thug-58, Aaj aur kal-63, Ziddi-64 etc etc..The fifth was this Rajkumar, who mostly worked in Religious and Mythological films. His name was Rajkumar Khatri.

Rajkumar Khatri may have been born in or around 1940. He started as a child artiste in films like Janmashtami-50, Jai Mahakali-51 and Insaan-52. His first film as an adult was Shuk Rambha-53, in which he did the role of young Shukdev. He was a fine actor, not extraordinary, but there was something special about his screen presence. Apart from his boyish looks, he had an unspoken charm and emanated an inherent goodness. In his second film “Tulsidas”-54 he did the role of Shri Ram. He was hardly 15-16 year old then. This must be the youngest and most boyish looking Shri Ram ever seen on the screen !

Rajkumar khatri acted in 61 films, mostly Religious and Mythological films (47 to be precise). Not that he did not work in any social films, but such films were less. He was seen in films like Sautela Bhai-62, Aaj aur kal-63, Ustadon ke ustad-63, Ziddi-64, Nai umer ki nai fasal-65 etc etc. Due to his young looks, boyish face and innocent looks, he was generally given roles of younger brother. As Laxman, he acted in 7 films. His last film was probably Chintamanee Soordas-87.

In mid 80s, when films offers became scarce, he joined Prakash Mehra as an assistant. He used to live in Chembur. He was known as Chhota Rajkumar in the industry. He worked with Prakash mehra for a long time, as Assistant Director and as also his P.A. Reportedly, he died in September 2014. No further information on him was available.

Film Janmashtami-50 was made by Hindustan Chitra and it was directed by Nanabhai Bhatt. Lyricist was Bharat Vyas and all the 9 songs of the film were composed by the talented but less known Music Director Shyam Babu Pathak. Shyam Babu Pathak is not a very well known name among Music Directors. He is one of those artistes, who had the talent and a will to do hard work, but Luck did not support him. This resulted in his remaining with unknown banners and B and C grade films. His career spanned from 1938 to 1965 – a period of 27 years in which he composed music for just 29 films and his 1 film remained unreleased.

Shyam Babu Pathak was born in 1908 at Gwalior. His music tuition started when he was just 7 years old. He studied in Madhav Sangeet Vidyalaya, under Rajabhaiyya Poonchhwale, Narayan Gupte and Bhatkhande etc. He became an excellent singer and was invited by several Royal houses all over India, for singing. Even V D Paluskar had blessed him. Strangely, though a good singer, he never sang a song in any film.

While touring all over India for Music Mehfils, he learnt many folk songs and tunes. This actually prompted him to join films as a composer. His first film was Royal Commander-1938 – a B grade Costume drama film made by Vishnu Cinetone. In his first film, for just 9 songs, he used as many as 6 different singers. Minimum songs had been his specialty. This was a novelty in the 30s, when the norm was of an average of 12 to 15 songs each film.

V M Vyas of Vishnu Cinetone, was impressed with him and he gave him many films. He got Rani saheba-40, Torpedo-40, Samsheerbaz-40, Malan-42 and Ghar sansar-42. He gave good songs sung by Kalyani, Sardar Akhtar and Kajjan. In Lajwanti-42, his songs were light and comedy type. By now, he had become a confirmed Stunt/action and B/C grade composer. Pyara watan-42,Double face-46 were such films. Double face was Indivar’s first film.

Black Market-47, Namak-47, krishna Sudama-47 and Kismatwali-47 were not much helpful. Takdirwale-48 with Ramprasad, Imtihan-49 and Ret Mahal-49 led him to film Jeet-49 with Anil Biswas. Actually,it seems Anil Biswas took over when Pathak left the film halfway.

After Janmashtami-50 and Achha ji-50, came Preet ka geet-50.Famous poet Harikrishna Premi wrote the songs, which were sung by Mukesh, Geeta and Johra. Next film Hamari Duniya-52 had good Lata songs. Meanwhile his film Parda remained unreleased. In the last phase of his career, came Sapna-52, Vanraj-52, Bombay Central-60 and finally, film Mehbooba-65 closed his career.

Shyam Babu Pathak died of heart attack in Bombay on 23-11-1980.

Today’s song is a lovely song, sung by Amirbai Karnataki. With this song, film Janmashtami-1950 makes its Debut here.

Song-Murliwaale Ghanshyam mujhe apni bana lo na (Janmaashtmi)(1950) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Shyam Babu Pathak

Lyrics

Murliwaaale Ghanshyam
aaaaam

Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na
apni bana lo naa aa
mujhe apni bana lo na
ho o o
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na

nain jyot se karoon aarti
ujaalon ka deep jalaaye
nain jyot se karoon aarti
ujaalon ka deep jalaaye
aao na der lagaao Muraari
jiya mora akulaaye
aao na der lagaao Muraari
jiya mora akulaaye
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na

tan man arpan karoon charan mein
thhukraao na naaath
tan man arpan karoon charan mein
thhukraao na naaath
is dukhiyaa ki laaj Kanhaiyya
?? tumhaare haath
is dukhiyaa ki laaj Kanhaiyya
?? tumhaare haath
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na
apni bana lo naa aa
mujhe apni bana lo na
ho o o
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4103 Post No. : 15253

Today’s song is from film Ajamil-1948. This was the maiden venture of Sanskar Chitra, Bombay, of owner Moolraj Kapadiya, who was also the producer of this movie. The film was directed by his close relative-Jamnadas Kapadiya, for whom this was his only film as a director. The film was made in Gujarati and Hindi simultaneously. The story, screenplay and songs for the Gujarati version were by Kavi Prabhulal Dwivedi and for Hindi version it was S P Tripathi, who wrote all the 12 songs of the film. While HFGK mentions name of Dwivedi as the Lyricist, according to Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji, the famous Music Historian and Record collector, the records of the songs of Hindi version carry the name of Tripathi. The Music Director of this film was Master Mohan Junior.

In the history of Hindi Cinema, besides the biggest problem of Same name artistes causing confusion, there were many other smaller, but irritating unsolved mysteries like…
1. Who sang the song ” Dilli se aaya bhai Tingu” in film Ek thi ladki-49 ?
2. Who was the artiste who sang on screen,” Hawa mein udta jaaye” from film Barsat-49 ?
3. Who were the composers ” Vasant Ramchandra” ?
4. Are they one person or two – Shyam ji Ghanashyam ji and Hemant Kedar ?
5. Who said ” Yahoo” in film Junglee-64 song ?
6. Who sang ” Leke pehla pehla pyar’ on screen ?
7. Why composers Jaidev and C Ramchandra gave music in different names ?
8. Whose voice is in the ” Mehboob production” ‘s logo ?
9. Who was the artiste in Prabhat’s logo ?
10. What happened to actresses Latika and Mrudula ? etc.etc.

I have listed only a few here, but there are many more such riddles,puzzles and unsolved (as yet) mysteries in Hindi cinema world.
Since the time I started writing on old films, I tried relentlessly to get the right answers, with proofs,for some of these riddles. I was successful in solving some mysteries too. As far as the Same name artiste’s confusions are concerned, I had dug out information on 50 such artistes and published this in my book. From time to time even my articles here also contained them. Presently, I have information on another 20 such same name artistes with me, which will be published in my next book,after adding few more pairs.

One mystery connected with today’s film is about its Music Director – Master Mohan Junior. As per a note in HFGK,under the film “Daana paani”-53, it was composer Madan Mohan, who gave music in this name. There was no reason to doubt this claim as it came from HFGK, but one day…..
One day in 2012, I received a query from Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji, asking about Mohan Junior, who, according to him was a different person. He wanted to know if I had some information.

I had no such information. I was actually floored with this query. After receiving this query, I immediately got in touch with Madan Mohan’s son Sanjeev Kohli ji and daughter Sangeeta Gupta ji and asked them this question. Sanjeev ji promptly responded saying that in all probabilities, Mohan Junior was a different person and that is why they have not included film Dana Pani-53 in Madan ji’s filmography.
Then I contacted Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat. We did a hard work and then found out that Mohan Junior indeed was different. He was a Gujarati Music Director. Further Harish ji found that one Dr. Vipin Kikani had done his Ph.D. on ” Gujarati stage and its artistes” and that he had written about Mohan Junior in his book. Harish ji got the book, translated the relevant portion in Hindi, made its PDF and sent it to me with his Gujarati Filmography.

By now, the mystery was almost solved, but still, to get a first person confirmation, I requested Girdharilal ji to talk to Madhubala Jhaveri,because she had sung some songs for Mohan Junior. He did it immediately and Madhubala ji confirmed that Mohan Junior was a Gujarati person and he was NOT Madan Mohan.

At last, it was conclusively proved that Master Mohan Junior was not a pseudo name for Madan Mohan but he was a different person. Here is his full information…….

Master Mohan Junior was born in 1908 in a Bhurji Rajpoot family at Masuda, near Ajmer. When he was 5 year old, the great Plague epidemic killed all members of his family and he became an orphan. His cousin sister took him to Idar and he grew up there. He had inherited the singing ability of his father.When he was 13 year old, Raghunath-his brother in law- sent him to ” Morvi Subodh Arya Natak Mandali “, in 1921. Later he also worked with Imperial,Laxmikant Natak Mandali and Arya Naitik drama company from 1926 to 1930. His brother in law was quite attached to him.

He started with Gujarat Kala Mandir as a Music Composer from 1930 onwards. His attempts to become an actor failed in 1932. He was now owner of the company Arya Natak Mandali, in which Ramlal was a Music composer. His music became famous with many famous dramas.Raskavi Raghunath Brahmabhat has praised his music capabilities.

He gave music to 6 Gujarati films, namely- Ajamil-48, Vadilon naa vaanke-48, Bhakta Pooran-49, Vevishat-49, Choodi Chaandlo-50 and Bhakta Narsaiyo-52. He also gave music to 2 Hindi films- Ajamil-48 and Daana Paani-53.

Even after all clarification about Mohan Junior, still 2 questions remained –

1.Why did Begum Akhtar say that Madan Mohan gave music. The answer to that is-she was right, that Gazal (in film Dana Pani-53) was composed by Madan mohan and it was used in the film. It was concluded therefore that the entire film music was given by Madan Mohan. I think HFGK went overboard in this.

2.Why that composer called himself Junior, because in 48, and 49 Madan Mohan was not a composer as yet. He debuted with Aankhe-50. I found out that during that period there was yet another Mohan-a Mohan Sharma, a Music director for Jai Hind-1949(unreleased) and Chocolate-1950.

May be to distinguish himself,he called himself as Mohan Junior.

Sanjeev Kohli ji has also now agreed that he must be a different person. However Sanjeev ji has requested me NOT to quote his name elsewhere in this connection.,as he does not want any controversy now. so let us keep him out of this.

Although all this search for truth took place back in 2012- 7 years ago, I have recounted all this now, only to stress the difficulties one faces in breaking an old myth or decoding a mystery. Further, all this was never brought before readers any time. Additionally Mohan Junior’s bio data is published first time here.

Film Ajamil was also made in silent era in 1922 by Kohinoor film company, Bombay. Kanjibhai Rathod had directed it. Next, it was made in 1934 as a Talkie, by Saroj Movietone. It’s director was Abdul Rehman Kabuli, about whom I just wrote in my previous post. The role of Ajamil was done by Ashraf khan – who himself became a Sufi Saint in his later life.

The story of Ajamil has been taken from the 6th chapter of Bhagwat Puran. It stresses the value of Naam smaran or Jaap and how it can make a Saint out of a bad man. The story of Ajamil is…

Ajamila was once a very noble Brahmin, performing his duties and prescribed rituals most sincerely and was also a good husband, good son and good father. Once when he was in the forest to gather the fuel-wood for his rituals, he fell for a woman, heart and soul. Actually the woman was one of very low morals. From that time onwards he lived with her, abandoned his family and his own parents. He got ten children by her, made a living and supported this large family by blackmailing rich people, by cheating, fraud and gambling. He was particularly fond of the youngest child, Narayana, by name. The attachment to the child was so pronounced that whether he was eating, drinking, relaxing or working, he would always want Narayana to be by his side and partake of his food or participate in his enjoyment. When finally the call from Yama, the God of Death, came, it came suddenly and in his agony he called his child to his side and cried: O Narayana. He called aloud with great fear.

The messengers of Yama who almost got him in their noose suddenly found from within his heart four well-clad beautiful angel-like figures, each with four hands, preventing the messengers of Yama from discharging their duty. An intense conversation ensued between the messengers of Yama on the one side and the messengers of Narayana – because that is what they were – on the other side. They asked: You are the emissaries of Dharma-raja; then you should know what dharma is and what rules apply for punishment. The messengers of Yama replied: (VI – 1 -40 to 68):

What is declared by the Vedas is dharma. What is prohibited by Vedas is adharma. The one God who has created this entire world and who has allotted the different duties to varnas and ashramas is Lord Narayana. He has ordained that our Lord Yama take the lives of people when their time is over and punish them according to sins committed by them. There are several witnesses to whatever a man does in his life.

They are the Sun, Agni the Fire-God, Space, the Wind-God, Animals, the Moon, the God of SandhyA the twilight, Day, Night, the eight quarters, Water, Earth, Time and the God of Dharma, who is Yama himself. Nothing can be hidden from any of these. . We are doing our duty ordained by our boss.

Back came a pretty long rejoinder from the messengers of Vishnu: Your Master who must show to the world what right action is, has sent messengers like you who do not seem to know the rules! This Ajamila, though he has forgotten his real divine nature, has pronounced the four-syllabled name of God Narayana at the time of death and by that very action has done the Prayaschitta – प्रायश्चित्त (repentance act) for all his sins.

A thief of gold, a drinker of wine, a betrayer of a friend, a killer of a brahmin, one who commits adultery with the wife of his Guru, a killer of a woman or of a king, or of a cow or of his father — all these worst sinners have been declared to be absolved by the recitation of God’s name because by that very act he becomes God’s protege and deserves to be under His care.

After all this explanation by the messengers of Vishnu the messengers of Yama felt overpowered and they went back to their overlord. In the meantime Ajamila came back to his senses and remembered all the conversation that went on in the presence of his subtle body between the messengers. He was about to say something, when the messengers of Vishnu also disappeared. It was quite a while before he could take stock of the situation.

Here he was. alive and kicking, by the mercy of God Narayana, whose name he had just taken on the point of death, not in remembrance of the Lord but in passionate affection of his child. If this single act of the utterance of a four-syllable word Narayana can make such a difference to life after death, what larger worlds of fullness and majesty he may not conquer by really leading a noble life of Dharma in the memory of the Lord? — so thought Ajamila. And that very moment he renounced everything to which he was attached, went to Benares and engaged himself in austerities and meditation and in due time reached the abode of the Lord. (adapted and abridged from krishnamurthy’s.com, with thanks)

Today’s song is by Amirbai Karnataki and chorus. it is a melodious song. This is the second song from this film to be discussed on this Blog.

(I thank, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji, family of Madan Mohan ji and Dr. Vipin Kikani ji for information used in this post. I also thank Sadanand kamath ji for uploading the song video on my request, promptly – as always.).


Song-Aaya aaya mehmaan man bhaaya (Ajaamil)(1948) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics- S P Tripathi, MD- Master Mohan Junior
chorus

Lyrics

Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya
kaun nainon se dil mein samaaya
kaun nainon se dil mein samaaya aa aa
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya

kalpana ne dil mein jinki
khenchi thhi rekha
nainon ne aaj wahi
nainon ne aaj wahi
?? roop dekha
sudh budh ko bhool gayi
harsh mein magan bhai

dekho dekho ye nachti hai chhaaya
dekho dekho ye nachti hai chhaaya
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya mehmaan man bhaaya

yug yug ki aas meri
haan aan aan
man ki madhur saadh mori
ho o ho
naach uthhi haan
naach uthhi
naach uthhi haan
naach uthhi

dekh to main aaya
aur dil mein samaaya
dekh to main aaya
aur dil mein samaaya
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya

na na na
aaya aaya
sajan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya

na na na
aaya aaya
sajan man bhaaya
kaase(??) sajoon
jhoom uthhi
jhoom uthhi
jug jug se jhoom uthhi
jhoom uthhi
jhoom uthhi
jug jug se jhoom uthhi
kya
kaaya meri
P? phir chhaaya
kaaya meri
P? phir chhaaya
Aaya aaya
sajan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya
sajan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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