Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Aparesh Lahiri


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4317 Post No. : 15602 Movie Count :

4296

Hindi Songs in Bangla Film – 28
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‘Subhash Chandra’ (1966, Bangla film) as the name suggests was one of many films on the life of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. The coverage of this film was from the school days of Netaji to his first-time arrest in 1921 for civil disobedience. The film ends with a scene in which Netaji is taking leave of his father and mother before he is formally arrested and taken to the jail in a police van. It is an anecdotal film covering the important events in the life of a young Subhash Chandra Bose up to 1921. Hindi dubbed version of the film with the same title was released in 1978. The main events in the early life of Subhash Chandra Bose covered in the film is summarised below:

Subhash Chandra who has joined a primary missionary school with English and Latin, gets the admission in the secondary school which is not a missionary school. His new teacher makes fun of him for not knowing Bangla and Sanskrit. The young Subhash assures the teacher that he would learn both Bangla and Sanskrit in two days which he does. The Head Master of his secondary school becomes Subhash Chandra’s ideal. He learns from him the works of Swami Ramkrishna Paramhans and Swami Vivekanand. Subhash Chandra studied vedas, upnishads, Ramayan, Mahabharat, Geeta, Bible and many other scriptures. His first leaning towards political activities was in 1912 when King George V visited Calcutta (Kolkata).

Subhash gets rusticated from the college for attacking a professor and in this process losses a couple of years in studies. He is reinstated by another college on the recommendation of a High Court lawyer who put a condition that Subhash Chandra should stand first in the merit list of the college. He clears BA with first class, standing second in the merit list. He is also active in University’s unit of Indian Territorial Army.

The film also shows the difference between Subhash Chandra and his lawyer-father who wants him to become an ICS officer and to join the Government service. After the Jullianwala Baagh massacare, Subhash Chandra is not ready to go to England to become ICS. But one of his relatives convinces him to take up ICS just to know the British system. Though Subhash Chandra passed ICS standing fourth in the merit list, within few months from joining ICS, he resigns from ICS much against the wishes of his father. Subhash Chandra pursues the profession of teacher and journalist. Later, under the guidance of Chitranjan Das, he plunges into full time political activities leading the nationalist movements under the ambit of Indian National Congress.

There are some more incidences in the life of Subhash Chandra Bose covered in the film. I guess, the aim of the film was to show a strong character of Subhash Chandra Bose, built over a period of time since his school days.

The film has been presented with a sleek screen play and dialogues without over-emphasising on patriotism. Particularly, I liked one dialogue in the film which I need to explain the background before one can appreciate it.

Subhash Chandra Bose, after the completion of matriculation, wanted to become a sage for which he was in search of a Guru. He travelled to Banaras, Mathura, Haridwar and beyond but came back disappointed. After successfully completion of training in Indian Territorial Army, he wanted to become a soldier in Indian Army which he shares his ambition with his friend. His friend comments ‘From a sage to a soldier? Two extremes. To which Subhash Chandra Bose reacts ‘I want to become a sage-like soldier and a soldier-like sage – a sage’s sacrifice and a soldier’s courage’. Incidentally, he did try to get selected in Bengal Regiment but was rejected for bad eyesight.

‘Subhash Chandra’ (1966) was directed by Pijush Bose. The star cast included Amar Dutta, Samar Chatterjee, Master Aashish Ghosh, Dilip Roy, Reba Devi etc. There were six songs in the film of which one song is in Hindi. All the songs were set to music by Aparesh Lahiri. As mentioned earlier, a dubbed version in Hindi with the same title was released in 1978 with Aparesh Lahiri as music director.

I am presenting the Hindi song ‘nahi maane jiyara hamaar’ which is based on a traditional Thumri with, more or less, on the same words. The song is sung by Bansari Lahiri. The use of ‘barse bahaar’ in the lyrics gives an impression of the song being a Kajri. Bansari Lahiri is a Hindustani classical singer and musician and the wife of the music director, Aparesh Lahiri. Music director, Bappi Lahiri is their only son. Interestingly, I find Bansari Lahiri has been accredited as Assistant Music Director to Bappi Lahiri in as many as 22 films from 1975 to 1990.

The part of the song has been played in the background with a low volume of sound as Subhash Chandra and his group are inside Nasipur Palace in Murshidabad. The same song has been used in the Hindi dubbed version of the film ‘Subhash Chandra’ (1978). So, it is one song used in both Bangla and Hindi versions of the film.

Audio Clip:

Song-Nahin maane jiyara hamaar (Subhash Chandra) Singer-Bansari Lahiri, MD-Aparesh Lahiri

Lyrics

aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
nahin maane ae jiyara hamaar
hamaa..r re
nahin maane ae
nahin maane
nahin maane ae ae ge maane
nahin maane jiyara hamaar
nahin maane jiyara hamaar
nahin maane jiyara hamaar
nahin maane ae ae jiyara
nahin maane
nahin maane jiyara
nahin maane jiyara hamaar
nahin maane jiyara hamaar

baabul hadd keenhi haa aa aa
gawan nahin deenhi
baabul hadd keenhi ee
hadd keenhi baabul
gawan nahin ee ee ee deenhi
?? laage (???) barse bahaar
?? laage (???) barse baha..ar
?? laage ?? laage
barse baha..ar
?? laage barse baha..ar
?? laage barse bahaar
?? laage barse bahaar
baha……….aar


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3844 Post No. : 14856

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Discussion on economics-3
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Today is 26 january 2019, a red letter day in the history of Modern India. We all know that India gained independence on 15 august 1947, but what kind of nation we were going to be was not yet decided on that day. It took another two years and five months (896 days to be precise) for the nation to define itself as a Republic where every citizen, irrespective of his background was assured of equality.

Many nations have been formed over the centuries, but it was for a first time that a newly independent nation declared that all its citizens were going to have equal rights. If one looks at the history of USA, we find that that USA was formed on 4 july 1776, but equal rights for all citizens of USA were given much later. In early years of USA, only white males were allowed to vote. Blacks males were allowed to vote more than 100 years later. Females of all races were allowed to vote only from 1920. Seen that way, the constitution of India was, in many way a remarkable achievement for a newly independent nation, a nation so vast in area and population that many “experts” considered int ungovernable and one that was liable to break into pieces.

The constitution of India has served as a very powerful glue to hold this vast nation together. With passage of time, this glue has become more powerful than fevicol. 🙂

A major reason why the country became united and stayed united was the inclusive nature of the constitution where everyone was given six fundamental rights namely:-

Right to equality.
Cultural and Educational Rights.
Right to freedom.
Right against exploitation.
Right to freedom of religion, and.
Right to constitutional remedies.

The above fundamental rights is the magic glue that has kept the nation united. The above rights are exhaustive and all encompassing. We need not look very far. We only only have to look around our neighbourhood to find that many of these rights are not available to citizens in our neighboring countries.

The above fundamental rights basically gives respect and dignity and opportunities to all citizens. Many of these are rights that were not available to our forefathers.

India was an underdeveloped nation at the time of independence. Lots and lots of industrial activities were started which involved creating steel plants, dams, educational institutions, research centers etc. These were set up at places that were till then remote locations. People from all over the country got employment in these newly opened installations.

Movement of these people was largely by trains. So these trains were also a big unifier for the nation.

When people from various backgrounds met and interacted with each other, they got to learn about the language and culture of the place they had moved to.

While interacting with each other, it turned out that they could find some topics of mutual interest. One was Hindi movies and music, and other was Cricket. Hindi movies and music, and also cricket have been great unifiers for Indians.

With so many powerful glues to hold us together, and with gradual prosperity of the nation, Indians of today are far more proud and upbeat about India than they were a few generations ago. I find that I have personally become a nationalist (not a jingoist) and I am quite upbeat about the future of the country.

Here are some of the great things that are happening in India and are going to happen in future:-

1. GDP-When India became independent, it was one of the poorest nations on the face of the earth. This state of affairs continues till 1991, when the economic policy of the nation was finally given a thorough overhaul and the economy was liberalised. In a matter of a little over two decades, India gatecrashed into the list of top 10 economies of the world. Today, India is a member of G-20 group of nations which is a group of top 20 economies in the world. In reality, India should be a member of G-8 as well, seeing that Indian economy is very much in top 8 in the world. When the new figures of GDP are released a few months later, India would find itself as the fifth largest economy in the world, displacing our erstwhile master the Great Britain, who will slip to seventh position behin France. And India will leave these countries behind permanently. New target for India would be to overtake Germany and Japan, and that would be achieved in another one decade, may be less.

2. Steel is to an economy what the skeleton is to a body. An economy cannot be built without steel. There was a time, till 1907, when no steel was produced in India. It was in 1907 that the first steel factory was built by Jamshedji Tata in a place that is now called Jamshedpur. When Tata gave a proposal in 1907 to GIP Railways that they wanted to supply rail for Railway, the then Commissioner of Railway Safety, GIP Railway, Sir Frederick Upcott remarked that he would eat each pound of Railway if this upstart was able to produce that. Much later, British Steel, a steel company was taken over by a Dutch company to form Corus steel, and this Corus Steel was bought by Tata steel in 2007, exactly 100 years after the arrogant remark of a British. Today, India is world’s second largest steel producer behind China, and Britain is no where. Two Indian owned companies (Arcelor Mittal and Tata) are world’s number one and number three steel making companies in order of size of outturn of steel.

3, Soft power-India is a country that produced the largest number of movies in the world. They have fair share of film market in the world but not as much as it could be. But now it seems that India has started to produce movies that are truly world class and they are being appreciated for that. Example- Bahubali pt 2, Dangal.

4. Power of Indian market– Indian market is worth more than $1 trillion and it will become a $4 trillions market within a few years. With reforms such as GST, this is one single market that no one in the world can ignore. So India and its consumers can command high quality products at competitive prices. For example, Chinese companies which have no clue what Cricket and Kabaddi are, are the title sponsors of Indian Premier League and Professional Kabaddi League because they want to enter Indian market riding on the popularity of games that Indians love.

Some naysayers among us (there are quite a few) may tell us that we are nowhere in the world on per capita basis. That is true, but compared to where we were one decade back, India has made tremendous progress.

5. GDP per capita– The GDP per capita today works up to $2000 which is no big deal seeing that the GDP per capita in advanced economies are 20 times or more. Indeed that is the case, but that is because keeping Indians Gareeb has been a stated policy of some parties in India. That is why Indian per capita income remained under $ 400 till two decade ago and under $ 1000 till one decade ago . So India was in the list of Low Income countries till one decade ago. Thanks to opeing up of economy in 1991, the per capita income had grown up five times in last two decades, while it had doubled in last one decade. Now India is in Low Middle Income Group ($ 1025 to $ 4035 per capita group). Next target is graduating to Middle Income group ( $ 4035 to $12475 per capita) group.

6. Future growth of economy– Per capita income above $ 12475 makes a country a high income group country. So Indian per capita income needs to grow six times before India can become a high income country. That can be achieved if Indian resources- both natural as well as human, are upgraded in a big way. In simple terms, it means upgrading the infrastructure and reforming rules, taking unpopular and non populist decisions in the process if required. If India continues to grow at the existing annual growth rate of 7 % per annum then it will take between 25 to thirty years for India to become a high income country. If the growth rate is higher, then the target can be met in a shorter duration. For either case, a lot of input is required.

7. Quality related indices-A country that aspires to grow and join the list of advanced nations cannot do so unless they improve their quality. There are certain quality related indices that give an idea where a country stands. Some of these quality indices are:-
(i)Global Innovation index-India is ranked 57th in 2018- a steady improvement from its 81st position in 2015)
(ii)Global competitive index-India is ranked 58th in WEF’s global competitiveness index of 2018.
(iiiEase of doing business-India is in 77th position in latest ranking, it is a vast improvement from its rankings of 100 and 130 in the preceding years.
(iv)QS rating of top universities- IIT Bombay, the highest ranked Indian university has a world ranking of 162. In Asia, it is 34th, which shows that top Indian universities still need to improve a lot to catch up with advanced Asian economies viz Japan, China, South Kore, Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapor.e
(v)Credit rating- Though not as high as advanced economies, Indian credit rating is good enough to be investment grade, and so Indian business organisations are able to raise loan from foreign financial organisations.

8. India aims to be a $5 Trillions economy by 2023. 3 Trillions will come from service sector, one trillion from agriculture sector and one trillion from manufacturing sector. As far as manufacturing sector is concerned, I can visualise India becoming a big and respected exporter of Engineering goods.

All of the above are possible if Indians value their constitution and make the most of the provisions provided in the constitution. I am quite positive and bullish about the future prospects of India.

On this occasion, here is a rare song from “Subhash Chandra”(1978). ‘This movie was directed by Piyush Bose for A K B Films, Calcutta. The movie had Ashish Ghosh, Amar Dutt, Samar Kumar, Ajit Prakash, N.Vishwanathan, Lamsden, Bown, Smith, Reba Devi, Rama Das ec in it.

The movie had six songs in it. Two of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Subhash Chandra”(1978) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Usha Mangeshkar and chorus. Saraswati Kumar Deepak is the lyricist. Music is composed by Aparesh Lahiri.

I take this opportunity to wish a happy republic day to all Indians wherever they are. I have no doubt that this republic day will mark the beginning of some great achievements and accomplishments for india in many fields.


Song-Desh hamaara (Subhash Chandra)(1978) Singer-Usha Mangeshkar, Lyrics-Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD-Aparesh Lahiri
Chorus

Lyrics

Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
swarg se sundar desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara

hai apni aankhon ka taara
ye apne praanon se pyaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara

desh ki maati apni maata
janam janam ka iska naata
desh ki maati apni maata
janam janam ka iska naata
?? yahi pukaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara

ganga jamuna ki ye paani
kan kan kehta yahi kahaani
ganga jamuna ki ye paani
kan kan kehta yahi kahaani
yahi himalay ne lalkaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara

Hindu Muslim Sikh Isaai
sada rahe hain bhai bhai
Hindu Muslim Sikh Isaai
sada rahe hain bhai bhai
koi ye kabhi nahin kar paaya
maa ki mamta ka batwaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara

ye Bangaali ye Gujaraati
ek diye ke sab hai baati
ye Punjaabi ye Madraasi
ham sab bhai Bharatwaasi
??
dharti ka singaar dubaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
swarg se sundar desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara
Desh hamaara


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3692 Post No. : 14603

Mukesh and his Composers – 16
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Today 27 August, we remember Mukesh on his remembrance day.

My last post on his birthday (22 July) was about his collaboration with Bappi Lahiri. We remain with the Lahiri family in this post too as we discuss the songs sung by Mukesh for Bappi Da’s father Aparesh Lahiri.

There are probably more songs sung by Aparesh Lahiri than the films that he composed music for.

Not much information is available on the net and I request knowledgeable readers to write more on his composing career. From the little information, I could gather in connection with this post, I came across a Bengali film named Subhash Chandra (1966). Needless to say it is based on the life and times of one of the most adored and respected freedom fighters of India, Subhash Chandra Bose.

The film in Bengali language seems to have been quite popular from what I could understand. Mukesh who has sung about a dozen Bengali songs has one song in this 1966 particular film too. The same film was made in Hindi and seems to have disappeared without much popularity. In the Hindi version too, Mukesh has sung the same song with the same tune as the Bengali version.
[Ed Note: As per the Geet Kosh, the Hindi version of this film was released in 1978.]

This is the solitary song sung by Mukesh for Aparesh Lahiri and hence there will be no table in this post. 🙂

Evidently, there has not been much research by me in this post and I apologize for the same. However the details were sketchy and since it was the only sung by Mukesh for the said composer, I did not dig much into the career of Aparesh Lahiri.

Much of these details were provided to me by Shri Harish Raghuwanshi and I am thankful to him.

Before I conclude the post, I would like to repeat what a few noted and eminent personalities have said about Mukesh.

Salil Chowdhury: Each word from his lips was a pearl. No one could sing the way Mukesh did, with the right diction, inflexion and intonation. His vocal timbre was out of this world.

Raj Kapoor: I am just a body, Mukesh is my soul.

Anil Biswas: I have lost my son. (on Mukesh’s passing away)

Needless to say, the above quotes speak volumes about Mukesh; the man with the golden voice, playback singer par excellence and the noble soul.

The voice of Mukesh will forever continue to resonate in the world of music.


Song – Yahaan Radha Kund Hai Shyam Kund Hai (Subhash Chandra) (1978) Singer – Mukesh, Lyrics – Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD – Aparesh Lahiri

Lyrics

jai radheshya..aa..aam
ra..aa.aadheshya..aa..aam
jai radheshya..aa..aam

yahaan radha kund hai
shyam kund hai
aur hai goverdhan
madhur
madhur bansi baaje
yahi to vrindavan
o babu yahi to vrindavan

bansi baar baar boley
radha radha radha
radha..aa..aa
radha..aa..aa..aa..aa
bansi baar baar boley
radha radha radha
radha naam bansi ne suron mein hai bandha
tabhi to kanhaiya baney
raadhika raman
madhur madhur bansi baaje
yahi to vrindavan
o babu yahi to vrindavan

jagat ke dukh ki kaanha suney baani
usi baani ko sun ke bani radha rani
huye radhika ke prem se. . .
pooran. . .  mohan
madhur madhur bansi baaje
yahi to vrindavan
o babu yahi to vrindavan

yahan radha kund hai
shyam kund hai
aur hai goverdhan

jai radheshya..aa..aam. . .
ra..aa.aadheshya..aa..aam
jai radheshya..aa..aam. . .

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Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
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जय राधे श्या॰॰आम
रा॰॰आ॰॰आधे श्या॰॰आ॰॰आम
जय राधे श्या॰॰आम

यहाँ राधा कुंड है
श्याम कुंड है
और है गोवेर्धन
मधुर
मधुर बंसी बाजे
यही तो वृन्दावन
ओ बाबू यही तो वृन्दावन

बंसी बार बार बोले
राधा राधा राधा
राधा॰॰आ॰॰आ
राधा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ
बंसी बार बार बोले
राधा राधा राधा
राधा नाम बंसी ने सुरों में है बांधा
तभी तो कन्हैया बने
राधिका रमण
मधुर मधुर बंसी बाजे
यही तो वृन्दावन
ओ बाबू यही तो वृन्दावन

जगत के दुख की सुने कान्हा बानी
उसी बानी को सुन के बनी राधा रानी
हुये राधिका के प्रेम से॰॰॰
पूरन॰॰॰ मोहन
मधुर मधुर बंसी बाजे
यही तो वृन्दावन
ओ बाबू यही तो वृन्दावन

यहाँ राधा कुंड है
श्याम कुंड है
और है गोवेर्धन

जय राधे श्या॰॰आम
रा॰॰आ॰॰आधे श्या॰॰आ॰॰आम
जय राधे श्या॰॰आम


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3565 Post No. : 14291

kuchh yaad rahe to sun kar jaa. . .

The nectar tinged fragrance of this voice suffuses through the strings of the heart through so many wonderful renderings. The mind is left amazed by the effortless expressions of the emotions covering the full spectrum of human experience. “Loot Liyo Mann Dheer. . .” is probably the only exclamation that the mind responds with, as it passed through the shower of her musical portrayals.

Kanan Devi – the doyen, the first lady of cinema in Bengal. We remember and honour her today (22nd April), on the anniversary of her birth. During her heydays in the 1930s and 40s, her popularity was so celebrated, that in those years, security had to be arranged when she moved about in public.

She was born this day in 1916, at Howrah. As per her own account, it was a very un-remarkable beginning to a tiny life, in the hands of a couple whom she knew only as her adoptive parents. Her foster father passed away quite early. She and her mother went through some difficult years, and the young Kanan Bala was not able to complete any form of formal school education.

In 1926, a family well wisher, introduced her to the management at Madon Theatres, Calcutta. Kanan was a child of 10 years. She worked in silent films and even did the male lead roles in ‘Vishnu Maya’ and ‘Prahlad’ (both in 1932). Transition from silent films to talkie films was very smooth for her. She had a good command over the spoken word and a remarkable singing talent – it only needed guidance and direction from teachers like Allah Rakha, Anaadi Dastidar, Bhishmdev Chatterjee, and yes, RC Boral.

From Madon, she moved to Radha Films in 1933. She was growing up into a beautiful and sophisticated young woman. In 1937 she transitioned to New Theatres. A regret she carried always – in 1934-35 she was offered a role in New Theatre’s ‘Devdas’ (1935), but could not accept as she was bound by her contract with Radha Films. She worked with New Theatres till 1941, and then moved to MP Productions in 1942.

After her formative years at Madon and Radha Films, her years at New Theatres and MP Productions are the most dazzling years of her career. In both organizations, her films became hugely popular hits, film after film, year after year. The music and the songs of these films made her the first lady singing superstar of Indian cinema. Her last Hindi film was ‘Chandrashekhar’ in 1948, opposite to Ashok Kumar. After this, she turned a producer in 1949, and set up her own company – Shrimati Pictures.

The song being presented today is a such lovely gem from the 1947 film ‘Faisla’. It is a duet sung in accompaniment with Aparesh Lahiri. Music is by Anupam Ghatak; the lyricist’s name is not available. Listening to this wonderful melody, brings to mind another similar song from a decade and a half later. I refer to the Talat-Lata duet from ‘Chhaaya’ (1961) – “Itna Na Mujh Se Tu Pyaar Badha, Ke Main Ik Baadal Awaara”. Although quite different songs, the mind is taken by the similarity in the theme of the song, as the gentleman professes a spirit of freedom, unencumbered by the matters of the heart, and whereas the lady expresses her desire to be together.

As the song begins, the voice of Kanan Devi flows in, giving an expression to the free spirit of the heart – a spirit like a bird that is unaware of the amorous emotions of love. Such a pleasure to listen to this voice.

Song – Khuli Hawa Mein Udne Waala Panchhi Preet Na Jaane  (Faisla) (1947) Singer – Kanan Devi, Aparesh Lahiri, Lyrics – Pran, MD – Anupam Ghatak
Both

Lyrics

khuli hawa mein udne waala
panchhi preet na jaane
haan haan
panchhi preet na jaane
khuli hawa mein udne waala
panchhi preet na jaane
haan haan
panchhi preet na jaane

kyun
wo bhanwara..aa..aa
wo bhanwara..aa ye bhi na jaane
kaliyan
kaliyan kyun muskaati
dard bhare
harne ko ye jhoom
daalon par hai gaati
koyal
daalon par hai gaati

aaa aaa aaa aaa aaa
duniya
is duniya se nyaari
khud hi chala basaane
duniya
is duniya se nyaari
khud hi chala basaane
apni dhun ka raahi kaise ho
prem dagar pehchaane
ho oo oo oo
prem dagar pehchaane
khuli hawa mein udne waala
panchhi preet na jaane
haan haan
panchhi preet na jaane

kyun udne ki aadat koi
panchhi se chhudwaaye
kyun udne ki aadat koi
panchhi se chhudwaaye
baithi hai duniya
unke raste mein jaal bichhaaye
bhola panchhi
ye na jaane
bhola panchhi
ye na jaane
aaj mujhe bandhan mein apne
kyun deti ghutaane
aaj mujhe bandhan mein apne
kyun deti ghutaane
bhola panchhi
ye na jaane
bhola panchhi
ye na jaane

khuli hawa mein udne waala
panchhi preet na jaane
haan haan
panchhi preet na jaane

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

खुली हवा में उड़ने वाला
पंछी प्रीत ना जाने
हाँ हाँ
पंछी प्रीत ना जाने
खुली हवा में उड़ने वाला
पंछी प्रीत ना जाने
हाँ हाँ
पंछी प्रीत ना जाने

क्यों
वो भँवरा॰॰आ॰॰आ
वो भँवरा॰॰आ ये भी ना जाने
कलियाँ
कलियाँ क्यों मुसकाती
दर्द भरे
हरने को ये झूम
डालों पर है गाती
कोयल
डालों पर है गाती

आ आ आ आ आ
दुनिया
इस दुनिया से न्यारी
खुद ही चला बसाने
दुनिया
इस दुनिया से न्यारी
खुद ही चला बसाने
अपनी धुन का राही कैसे हो
प्रेम डगर पहचाने
हो ओ ओ ओ
प्रेम डगर पहचाने
खुली हवा में उड़ने वाला
पंछी प्रीत ना जाने
हाँ हाँ
पंछी प्रीत ना जाने

क्यों उड़ने की आदत कोई
पंछी से छुड़वाये
क्यों उड़ने की आदत कोई
पंछी से छुड़वाये
बैठी है दुनिया
उनके रस्ते में जाल बिछाए
भोला पंछी
ये ना जाने
भोला पंछी
ये ना जाने
आज मुझे बंधन में अपने
क्यों देती घुटाने
आज मुझे बंधन में अपने
क्यों देती घुटाने
भोला पंछी
ये ना जाने
भोला पंछी
ये ना जाने

खुली हवा में उड़ने वाला
पंछी प्रीत ना जाने
हाँ हाँ
पंछी प्रीत ना जाने


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3507 Post No. : 14092

Today’s song is from film ‘Pehla Aadmi’ from 1950.

India became an independent nation on 15th August, 1947. It saw the end of about 100 years of protest, riots, mutinies and revolutionary attacks on the British Raj, who had ruled us for so many years – 190 years, to be exact. That is after Robert Clive won the battle of Plassey in 1757. Besides political upheaval, independence had different impact on different people in India.

Firstly, those millions of freedom fighters who were busy 24 x 7, shouting, protesting and marching against the British, suddenly had no work no do. They faced a big void in their life. Those students who had left their education half way to join the freedom struggle found that they were nowhere now. No education, no jobs and no activity. This led to finding ways of making quick money – like black marketing, political exploitation of the society to make quick bucks, illegal activities etc.

Secondly, the writers and authors who were suppressed and prohibited from writing anti-British articles or even patriotic songs and dramas, found that they now could do so, but there were no takers. The relevance of such writings was lost because India was independent now.

Thirdly, the film makers, who could not express their patriotic urges through films were now free to make such films. There was no need to be symbolic now. Direct expressions were now allowed without restraint.

Even in the patriotism or the independence struggle, there were two divisions. One, which followed the footsteps and teaching of Ahimsa by Mahatma Gandhi and two, was the revolutionary explosive type who believed in bloodshed, punishment and overthrowing the rulers by weapons. For making a film the Gandhi ji’s way was too mild, without any drama, suspense or heroism. So it was the revolutionary way to independence struggle which was opted by film makers. There were many films about freedom struggle – Bhagat Singh and Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, but very few on Gandhi ji’s teachings like ‘The Last Message’, ‘Ahimsa Path’ (both 1949) and some docu-films.

On the other hand, some films were made about the freedom struggle of revolutionaries like, ‘Azaadi Ki Raah Par’, ‘Desh Seva’, ‘Hua Savera’, ‘Refugee’, ‘Shaheed’, ‘Soldier’s Dream’ (all in 1948); ‘Apna Desh’, ‘Matrubhoomi’ (both in 1949); ‘Hindustan Hamara’, ‘Kashmir Hamara Hai’, ‘Pehla Aadmi’, ‘Samadhi’, (all in 1950); ‘Andolan’ (1951), ‘Anand Matth’ (1952) etc. As the euphoria diminished, such patriotic films too were made infrequently.

The life and times of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose has always fascinated every Indian. Despite the step motherly treatment and a total neglect many times by the Congress Party, Netaji occupies the number one position as a revolutionary, who had a clear goal, organisational skill, leadership qualities and a well cut out plan to achieve independence. But for the support of Congress leaders of the times, he sure would have achieved his target. Most Indians believe this even today. So, no wonder film makers made films on Netaji in every Indian language.

Calcutta’s New Theatres too did not lag behind and they made a film on the life and times of Netaji. The title of this film ‘Pehla Aadmi’ is very intriguing. To know the background of how this title was selected, let us go back a little and peep into history which few Indians know.

Subhash Chandra Bose as the Supreme Commander of Azad Hind Fauj (aka Indian National Army – INA) adopted in 1943, a variant of Purna Swaraj flag that included the words ‘AZAD’ on the saffron band on top, ‘HIND’ on the bottom green band and in the centre white band a ‘Springing Tiger’ in lieu of Gandhi ji’s ‘Charkha’, symbolising INA’s strength and their indomitable will to fight.

The Indian National Army was born during World War II. Originally, it was founded by Captain Mohan Singh in Singapore in September 1942 with Indian prisoners-of-war (POWs) held by the Japanese army in the Far East. This was with the support of the Indian Independence League, headed by expatriate nationalist leader Rash Behari Bose. However, the first INA was disbanded almost immediately in December 1942 after disagreements between Hikari Kikan and Mohan Singh, who came to believe that the Japanese High Command was using the INA as a mere pawn and propaganda tool. [Ed Note: The Hikari Kikan was the Japanese liaison office responsible for Japanese relations with the INA and the Azad Hind Government in exile.]

However, the idea of a liberation army was revived with the arrival of Subhas Chandra Bose in the Far East in 1943. In July, at a meeting in Singapore, Rash Behari Bose handed over control of the organization to Subhas Chandra Bose. Bose was able to reorganize the fledgling army and gained massive support among the expatriate Indian population in South East Asia, who supported the INA both financially, as well as by enlisting with the INA. At the peak of its activities, INA consisted of about 85,000 troops, including a separate women’s unit, the Rani of Jhansi Regiment, headed by Capt. Lakshmi Swaminathan (aka Capt. Lakshmi Sehgal). Under the leadership of Subhash Bose, this rejuvenated INA fought along with the Imperial Japanese Army against the British and Commonwealth forces in the campaigns in Burma, Assam, Imphal and Kohima, and later, against the successful Burma Campaign of the Allies. The INA stormed and captured the Andaman Islands, and had reached within shouting distance of Chittagong, when the Japanese army surrendered after the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Moirang in Manipur was the headquarters of INA. Colonel Shaukat Malik  hoisted the Tricolour for the first time on Indian soil on 19 March 1944, in Moirang with the help of Manipuris like Shri Mairembam Koireng Singh and others who were members of the INA. It is on this historical episode that Bimal Roy made the film ‘Pehla Aadmi’ in 1950.

The star cast of the film is Balraj Vij, Smriti Biswas, Pahadi Sanyal, Ashita Bose, Paul Mahendra, Zahar Roy, Heeralal, Asit Sen, Bela Bose etc.

Smriti Biswas, a protestant Bangla Christian was born in Calcutta on 17-2-1932. She studied in a Missionary girls’ school. Her father and mother both were Headmaster and Headmistress in other schools. Smriti had a liking for acting. When she was just 12 year old, she acted in film ‘Hamraahi’ (1945) and ‘Dwand’ (Bangla). When this was became at her home, she was put in another school. Later, the family shifted to Lahore. There Smriti acted in film ‘Ragni’ (1945), opposite Pran and also some other films.

After Partition, the family came to Delhi. Smriti met actor / producer / director Dr. SD Narang. He cast her in the film ‘Ek Aurat’ (1948) and Bangla film ‘Chinni Putul’, which became a hit. In 1951, Smriti shifted base to Bombay. According to her interviews, before coming to Bombay she had acted in 26 films. However no details are available for this. In 1953 she acted in ‘Shamsheer’ and also as a heroine opposite to Dev Anand in ‘Hum Safar’.

Though she was a star in Calcutta and Lahore, in Bombay she mostly got roles as a vamp or other supporting roles. She claims to have worked in 90 films. Some of her well known films are, ‘Dilli Ka Thug’, ‘Baap Re Baap’, ‘Bhaagam Bhag’, ‘Sailaab’, ‘Jaagte Raho’, ‘Aab e Hayaat’, ‘Hamdard’, ‘Teen Batti Chaar Raasta, ‘Abhimaan’, ‘Daaka’ etc .

Smriti was proficient in English, riding, swimming and cooking. She could play sitar, harmonium and guitar. She was very jolly like a tomboy. Smriti got married to Dr. SD Narang in 1960 and left films for ever. She gave birth to 2 sons. After the death of Dr. Narang in 1986, she gave her bungalow for development to a builder, who cheated her and she became homeless. She changed 28 houses in Bombay. She also lost her houses in Delhi and Mahabaleshwar due to crooked relatives. Finally, poor Smriti shifted to Nashik and has lived in a 500 sq.feet flat. Till last year she was in Nashik.

The story of ‘Pehla Aadmi’ was written by actor Nazir Hussain (ex INA), the lyrics were by Prakash (ex INA), and the music was by RC Boral. The film was directed by Bimal Roy, assisted by Hrishikesh Mukherjee. This was Bimal Roy’s last film with New Theatres. When he came to Bombay for the premier of the film, he met Hiten Chaudhari, who had worked in NT earlier. He was the first to leave NT and join Bombay Talkies in Bombay. Hiten took Bimal Roy to Bombay Talkies where he was offered the director’s position for the upcoming film ‘Maa’ (1952). Bimal Roy accepted it and settled in Bombay thereafter.

The story of ‘Pehla Aadmi’ is summarized below.

Vijay Kumar and Chaudhari are thick friends, living in Rangoon, Burma. They have a son Kumar and daughter Lata. The children fall in love when young, and decide to get married, with elders’ consent. The year is 1943. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose arrives in Singapore and tours Far Eastern areas. He invites the youngsters to join his INA to serve the motherland.

Kumar decides to join INA and promises Lata that they will get married after the war is over.  Before going, Kumar’s father gives him a sword to use in the war. Kumar, after his training is over, is sent to the war front. During a battle, his leader is shot. Before dying he gives Indian flag to Kumar and asks him to hoist it after victory.

The battle is won by Kumar’s unit and Kumar proudly unfurls the Indian Flag first time on a liberated Indian town. He becomes the ‘Pehla Aadmi’ to do so. Unfortunately, after hoisting the flag Kumar is shot dead. His body is brought to Rangoon for last rites. Lata is weeping. Kumar’s collegue in the war tells Lata to fulfil Kumar’s job in liberating the country. Lata too joins INA. (No.650)

The film has 11 songs, as listed in the Geet Kosh. Today’s song is the second song on the blog. It is sung by Aparesh Lahiri and Sandhya Mukherjee. Aparesh Lahiri is the father of the jewellery laden music director Bhappi Lahiri. The video shows Balraj Vij and Smriti Biswas.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks to lallantop.com, mukundsathe.com, Harish Raghuvanshi ji, Wikipedia, HFGK and my notes.]

 


Song – Hum Chale Nai Duniya Rachne (Pehla Aadmi) (1950) Singer – Aparesh Lahiri, Sandhya Mukherjee, Lyrics – Prakash BA, Music – RC Boral

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

hum chale
hum chale
hum chale nai duniya rachne
hum chale naya itihas liye
hum chale nai duniya rachne
hum chale naya itihas liye

wo raat andheri barkha ki
olay barse chamke bijli
wo raat andheri barkha ki
olay barse chamke bijli
par thaan liya jab mann me to
hum jaan pe apni khel chale

tum badho
tum badho
tum badho goliyaan phool banen
kante bhi tujhko dhool banen
tum badho goliyaan phool banen
kante bhi tujhko dhool banen
o janewale ja tu ja
bhagwan tumhara bhala kare
o janewale ja tu ja
bhagwan tumhara bhala kare
hum chale nai duniya rachne
hum chale naya itihas liye
hum chale nai duniya rachne
hum chale naya itihas liye

suraj pashchim mein ug aaye
ya chaand sitaare mit jaayen
suraj pashchim mein ug aaye
ya chaand sitaare mit jaayen
main asha deep
main asha deep jalaaye teri raah takun
tu aan miley
main asha deep jalaaye teri raah takun
tu aan miley

jaayenge
jaayenge
jaayenge ab hum tum mil kar
lo prem milan ke din aaye
hum chale
ha ha ha
hum chale

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

हम चले
हम चले
हम चले नई दुनिया रचने
हम चले नया इतिहास लिए
हम चले नई दुनिया रचने
हम चले नया इतिहास लिए

वो रात अंधेरी बरखा की
ओले बरसें चमके बिजली
वो रात अंधेरी बरखा की
ओले बरसें चमके बिजली

तुम बढ़ो
तुम बढ़ो
तुम बढ़ो गोलियां फूल बनें
कांटे भी तुझको धूल बनें
तुम बढ़ो गोलियां फूल बनें
कांटे भी तुझको धूल बनें
ओ जाने वाले जा तू जा
भगवान तुम्हारा भला करे
ओ जाने वाले जा तू जा
भगवान तुम्हारा भला करे

हम चले नई दुनिया रचने
हम चले नया इतिहास लिए
हम चले नई दुनिया रचने
हम चले नया इतिहास लिए

सूरज पश्चिम में उग आए
या चाँद सितारे मिट जाएँ
सूरज पश्चिम में उग आए
या चाँद सितारे मिट जाएँ
मैं आशा दीप
मैं आशा दीप जलाए तेरी राह तकूँ
तू आन मिले
मैं आशा दीप जलाए तेरी राह तकूँ
तू आन मिले

जाएंगे
जाएंगे
जाएंगे अब हम तुम मिल कर
लो प्रेम मिलन के दिन आए
हम चले
हा हा हा
हम चले


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

‘Subhash Chandra-1978’ was directed by Piyush Bose.

It was an ‘A.K.B.Films, Calcutta’ presentation and passed by Censor Board on 06.02.1978.

It had Ashish Ghosh, Amar Dutt, Samar Kumar, Ajit Prakash, N.Vishwanathan, Lamsden, Bown, Smith, Reba Devi, and Rama Das.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by K Satish Shenoy, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a new contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

There are some songs you have heard, and there are some songs whose tune and credits you can also recall. You take note of songs (& hence remember or recall them) for various reasons. It could be because it touched or exhilarated you a lot, or it is by your favourite singer/MD/Lyricist or because of an occasion in your life you associate the song with. But today’s song is remembered by me for a separate reason!
Read more on this topic…


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 15700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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