Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘A R Qureshi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4278 Post No. : 15515 Movie Count :

4277

Today’s song is from film ‘Yaadgaar’ (1947). There were two more films with the same title made in 1970 and 1984. Today’s film was made by Hind Pictures, owned by actor, director and producer Nazir Ahmed Khan – also known to be the nth husband of actress Sitara Devi and actress Swarnalata. The film was directed by Nazir himself, who had also acted in it. The other cast was Jyoti, M Ismail, P Kailash, Agha, Tasneem, Cuckoo and many others. Tanvir Naqvi was the lyricist and music director was AR Qureshi.

I started writing on songs and films of yore, since almost end of 2012. Initially, my posts were based on information I had jotted down in my several diaries and notebooks. However, later I realised that I needed more information. After visiting some well known sites, I understood that either their information was incomplete or unreliable. So I decided to add more books to my existing library. At the same time research and thesis papers on old Hindi cinemas and related matters, articles in newspapers like The Hindu, Indian Express, Times of India, regional cine magazines in Hindi, Marathi, English and Telugu also came very handy. From the beginning, I made two rules. One, write only what can be defended, if challenged, and two, mention and thank the source if referred to, at the end of the post – if it is something special or unique.

Not only this, but I started preserving useful articles and bits of information on my laptop, divided into two different accounts. In few cases, I just jotted down the relevant URL details and description of type of information that it gives. By now their number has crossed almost 1000. Despite my age, I remember where is what information and I can put my hand on the required information in a few minutes. Sometimes, I find that there is no mention of any source for some information, as that is from an old book without author’s name. In the last 8 years, due to my extensive writings on this and other blogs and sites, I became known and friendly with many like minded scholars and writers. My library started bulging and friendly authors sent copies of their books as gifts to me.

This made my resources rich and luckily I have a knack of picking up the right information from the crowd of my resources at my disposal. Likewise, knowledgeable personalities like Harish Raghuwanshi ji, Rajnikumar Pandya ji, Biren Kothari ji, Shishir Krishna Sharma ji, Yasir Abbasi ji, Harmandir ji, Sanjit Narvekar ji, Amrit Gangar ji and many others on Facebook groups like MN Sardana ji etc help me from time to time. These names are only as examples, but there are many more actually. All this and friendly pressures led me to go for publishing my first book in 2018.

While writing more that 850 articles on old films and related matters, I concentrated only on the prose side of films, i.e. writing mainly about persons involved in films and not so much on the poetry side, i.e. music and songs. However, they can not be separated easily, so while emphasis was on people, but music and song too was base of my writing articles.

During these years, I have come across few personalities in films, who devoted half of their time on films, but achieved peaks in totally different fields too. Such cases are not many, but such people must get highlighted. Some people first shine in other fields and then come to films, but leaving this alluring magic of film life after a successful stint and then following a different life is surely worth praise.

Off hand, I can name a few such persons. One is Shashi Kapoor Sr. He worked as a very successful child artiste in 21 films from 1944 to 1955. While still in great demand, he left films and continued education. He did MSc and LLB here in India, and PhD in USA. He worked as a Professor of Maths in Michigan University for many years. Retired in 1997 and now lives in USA. Another person was SD Batish. After singing 115 songs in 70 films and giving music in 20 films, composing 154 songs, he left films, went to USA. He wrote many books on music and started a music institute to teach hundreds of students.

Similarly, singer Laxmi Shankar sang 27 songs in 18 films, shifted to USA and started a music school. She won many awards there. Lyricist Moti, BA (who was actually an MA) left films after writing 60 songs in 18 films, still in great demand, left films, went to his village in UP and taught in a College.

Ashraf Khan’s case is unique. After a successful career in Hindi films, he left everything and became a Sufi saint. His dargah is situated on Mumbai-Ahmedabad highway, where every year an Urs is held, to which many artistes from Bollywood go.

Similarly music director GA Chishti aka Babaji, became a faqir after leaving films. Actress of the 1940s, Renuka Devi migrated to Pakistan. She left films and became a social worker for women’s uplift and education in Pakistan. She worked for this, on Radio and TV of Pakistan for 20 years. She also wrote her autobiography,’A Woman of Substance’, which was published by her daughter after Renuka’s death.

Lastly Mukund Rai Trivedi aka Roy of the Roy-Frank pair who gave music to film ‘Gogola’ (1966), left films and returned to family business of mining in MP. He became a billionaire and later an MP in Lok Sabha.

The reason for remembering all this is because the music director of today’s film is AR Qureshi, who too is one who left films after giving music to 42 films, from 1943 to 1958, and became an internationally recognised tabla maestro, winning several awards. Just read his biodata. . .

Ustad Allah Rakha, born as Allah Rakha Khan Qureshi, was born in Jammu and Kashmir on 29-4-1919. He was an Indian tabla player, who popularised the art of tabla playing all over the world. Allah Rakha was born to a soldier, who later returned from the army and worked as a farmer after that to earn his bread and butter. Being the eldest of seven sons, his father did not expect him to learn music and opposed his idea of learning classical music.

Ustad Allah Rakha, as a young boy of 12 years, found the instrument fascinating while visiting his uncle in Gurdaspur. His inclination towards Indian classical music and the performing arts made him run away to Lahore for further learning, as he found little scope of learning the art-form in his home-town. Allah Rakha studied at the Punjab school of classical music (gharana) where he became a student of Ustad Mian Khadarbaksh Pakhawaji (Mian Quader Bakshi). He trained to be a singer under Ustad Ashiq Hussain.

Allah Rakha was also associated with theater as he lived in Pathankot for sometime and worked for a theater company. In 1930, Allah Rakha worked at the radio station in Lahore. According to reports, he moved to Delhi after six years, in 1936, to work with All India Radio. In 1940, he moved to Bombay and worked with Pandit Ravi Shankar and again on All India Radio. He was the station’s first ever tabla solo player then.

After which he even composed music for 42 Hindi films from 1943 to 1958. His first film as a MD was ‘Mahasati Anusuya’ (1943) and the last released film was ‘Idd Ka Chaand’ (1964). He even sang 14 songs in 7 films between 1942 to 1949. He worked mostly in films made by Hind Pictures, Magnet Films, Sunrise Films and Mohan Studios of Dave brothers. Barring 1 or 2 films like ‘Bewafa’ (1952), he got only C grade stunt films or Muslim ibaadati films. He gave music in 3 Punjabi Films ‘Madari’ (1950), ‘Fumman’ (1951), and ‘Jagga’ (1964). He gave background music in ‘Pyar Ki Baatein’ (1951). He acted in ‘Aabida’ (1947). Uma Devi (Tuntun) first sang in ‘Wamiq Azra’ (1946) under AR Qureshi.

Ustad Allah Rakha had established the Alla Rakha Institute of Music in Bombay in 1986 and imparted his knowledge of the instrument to all his disciples in the institute. Allah Rakha and sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar brought classical Hindustani music to Western audiences as well. He was honoured with the Padma Shri Award by the Government of India in 1977 for his contributions to elevate the reach of tabla playing as an art form across the globe. Later on, Sangeet Natak Akademi also honoured him.

Ustad Allah Rakha and sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar brought classical Hindustani music to Western audiences as well. Their partnership reached legendary heights with performances at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 and the Woodstock Festival in 1969. The two performed together in a lot many festivals and elevated the respect and popularity of tabla playing as an art form. Other than Pandit Ravi Shankar, he also worked with renowned Kathak dancers like Sitara Devi and Birju Maharaj.

Ustad Allah Rakha found fans not only in India but abroad as well. Reportedly, American percussionist, the Grateful Dead’s Mickey Hart, was his huge fan. Hart always tried to learn from him even from single visits that Ustad used to make to his country. Hart was also quoted saying, “Alla Rakha is the Einstein, the Picasso; he is the highest form of rhythmic development on this planet.”

Other than the Grateful Dead drummer, Mickey Hart, Ustad Allah Rakha inspired George Harrison from The Beatles as well. Both of them performed together for a concert for Bangladesh in 1971. Mickey Hart also collaborated with him for the famous album ‘Rolling Thunder’ in 1972. The picture we have here is of Hell’s Angels member Terry The Tramp with tabla player Ustad Alla Rakha as they were set to perform together at the Monterey International Pop Festival, June 17th, 1967. He had collaborated with many prominent rock groups.

While Ustad used to generally team up with Pandit Ravi Shankar for his performances, he once collaborated with jazz drummer Buddy Rich for an album, ‘Rich à la Rakha’ in 1968. Some of his greatest works have been in the form of albums Improvisations – ‘West Meets East – Album 3’ (with Ravi Shankar, Yehudi Menuhin, Jean Pierre Rampel, Martine Gelliot), (on Angel records) (1976), ‘Master Drummers’ with Zakir Hussain (1991), ‘Tabla Duet, Chhanda Dhara’ (1994), ‘Ultimate in Taal-vidya’, (Magnasound/OMI) (1996).

Ustad Allah Rakha had married twice. He was first married to Bavi Begum and had three sons, Zakir Hussain, Fazal Qureshi and Taufiq Qureshi and two daughters Khurshid Aulia née Qureshi and Razia. Razia served him in his later years and was like a constant companion to her father. She died after a routine cataract surgery and Allah Rakha could not cope with the shock of her death and immediately slipped into a coma and passed away within 24 hours on 3-2-2000. Zakir Hussain is one of the most renowned tabla players of India.

Allah Rakha’s son Zakir Hussain grew up to be another legend in the country. Zakir Hussain has also been honoured with the Padma Shri in 1988 and the Padma Bhushan in 2002, by the Government of India. The honour that was bestowed upon his father by the Sangeet Natak Akademi came to him as well in 1990. Hussain has been working in films and on albums in India as well as abroad. Hussain owes his career to his father, who had made sure that he remained focused on this art-form.

Today’s song is sung by AR Qureshi himself. No information is available on this film. With this song, film ‘Yaadgaar’ of 1947, makes its debut on the Blog.

(Thanks to Harish Raghuwanshi ji for information on AR Qureshi, some time back)


Song-Kaahe door khada muskaaye (Yaadgaar)(1947) Singer- Alla Rakha Qureshi, Lyricist- Tanvir Naqvi, MD- AR Qureshi

Lyrics

kaahe door khada muskaaye
kaahe door khada muskaaye ae
kaliyon mein sharmaane waale
kaliyon mein sharmaane waale
phoolon ko mahkaane waale
phoolon ko mahkaane waale
kis kaaran ye phool tumhaare
kis kaaran ye phool tumhaare
bina khile murjhaaye
kaahe door khada muskaaye
door khada muskaaye
kaahe door khada muskaaye

kuchh kah le kuchh sun le daata
kuchh kah le kuchh sun le daata
hamre bahre goonge daata
hamre bahre goonge daata
jag mein tere baalak tadpen
jag mein tere baalak tadpen
tujh ko daya na aaye
kaahe tujh ko daya na aaye
kaahe ae ae


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4210 Post No. : 15406

Today’s song is from film Indrasabha-56.

From the title of the film, one can conclude easily that this was based on a Mythological story. However, it was not so. It was a remake of the film Indrasabha-1932, made by Madan Theatres, Calcutta. That film had Master Nissar and Jahanara Kajjan in the lead. That film had a world record of having the maximum songs-69 songs- details of which are given in the HFGK Volume-I. (It was suggested in the HFGK that there were 2 more songs also in the film, thus making a total of 71 songs).

The film was based on an Urdu play “Inder sabha, written by Syed Agfha Hasan “Amanat Lakhnavi” ( 1815-1859). This was probably the second play on imaginary story involving Mythological characters. The first one was Vishakha Datt’s play ” Mudra Rakshas “, written somewhere in the 9th century. Amanat’s play was written in 1853 and was first performed on stage in Lucknow in 1854. The original play had 46 songs, consisting of 8 geets of folk genres, 8 thumaries and 30 Gazals. When I was searching for information on the story or review of this film. I came across an article in http://www.bihartimes.com, from which I quote the relevant portion…

” “Indar Sabha” draws from both the rich tapestry of Persian dastans/masnavis and folklore as well as Hindu mythology. But it goes much further – amalgamating the strands of Urdu literary tradition, North Indian nautanki (folk theatre), Hindu devotional theatre/dance (Ram Lila, Ras Lila), classical Sanskrit drama and Wajid Ali Shah’s court pageants, contends Afroz Taj, professor of South Asian Languages, Literatures and Cultures at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

In fact, Prof Taj has translated and extensively analysed the work in “The Court of Indar and the Rebirth of North Indian Drama” (Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu (Hind), 2007).

The story is that Indar (Hindu celestial king Indra) organises a concert for his court. His court dancers, the Pukhraj (Yellow/Topaz), Nilam (Blue/Sapphire), and Lal (Red/Ruby) Paris (fairies) dance and sing for him in a variety of styles. Amanat showcases his craft here with their songs corresponding to their colour motif – the Pukhraj Pari presents basant songs, Nilam mentions blue flowers and jewels, and Lal Pari incorporates the red of the twilight, gems and blood in her lyrics.

When it is the Sabz (Green) Pari’s turn, Indar falls asleep. She storms out and meets an old friend, the Kala Dev (dev here not the gods of the Indian mythology, but demons of Persian folklore) and confides she saw a sleeping human prince on her way and fell in love with him. She orders him to bring him before her and he complies.

Awoken to see a beautiful woman confessing she is in love with him, Prince Gulfam of Akhtarnagar (an obvious reference to Lucknow of Wajid Ali Shah “Akhtar”) is confused and then angry at being abducted. Learning he is at Indar’s fabled court, he is now most keen to see its legendary dancers. The Sabz Pari warns him of the peril but he is adamant and threatens to commit suicide. She gives in and smuggles him in before resuming her performance. Unfortunately, Gulfam is discovered and a furious Indar orders he be imprisoned in a deep well in the Koh-i-Kaf (Caucasus).

The Sabz Pari, herself humiliated and cast out of the court, wanders through fairyland in the guise of a “jogan (female hermit)” in search of the prince. Reports of a new singing talent reaches Indar, who summons her for a performance. He is moved so much that he offers to give her her heart’s desire – and it is hard not to guess what she wants – and gets.

Encapsulating the refined aestheticism of Wajid Ali Shah’s reign, the play, surviving British annexation of Nawabi Awadh and the horrors of 1857-59, got a new lease of life as it was taken up and performed by theatre companies, mostly Parsi troupes, all over British India. It was first performed in Bombay in 1864, hit Lahore and Calcutta in 1875, and overseas – Singapore (1913) and Rangoon (1927). And it was these Parsi troupes that eventually formed the nucleus of the Hindustani film industry.

Amanat’s play is significant in other respects too. Not only is it a linguistic kaleidoscope with ghazals in polished Urdu and folk songs in Awadhi/Braj, but it also reflects the composite multicultural ethos – by conscious mixing of Hindu and Muslim cultural traditions or featuring Persian/Urdu words in a Braj lyric and vice versa.”

Film ‘Indrasabha’-56 was directed by a veteran of such films – Nanubhai Vakil. He was one of the highly educated persons of those times (B.A.LL.B), who joined films in the silent era and successfully continued into the Talkie era till the 70’s decade. The film was made under the banner of Shah Pictures, and the producer was its owner Ramniklal Shah (husband of actress Indurani- a heroine in the 30’s decade) The MD was A R Qureshi aka Tabla Maestro Alla Rakha. His assistant for this film was Damodar Sharma – himself a Music Director of the early Talkie films. The cast of the film was, Chitra, Daljit, Heeralal, Ameeta, W M Khan, Al Nasir (husband of actress Veena), Sadiq, Rajan Haksar, Ranjana Shukla and many others.

How many names a person can have ? 2 – 3 – 4 ? Film actress Ameeta had 5 names. She was born Qamar Sultana. Her mother called her Indira, friends called her Indu, In film Thokar-53, she appeared as Jai jaiwanti and finally she was named Ameeta by Vijay Bhatt. Total 5 names. Ameeta was born on 11-4-1940 to Riaz Ahmed and Shakuntala Devi , in Calcutta. After her father’s death, they shifted to Bombay.

She started acting in Kaafila-52, Anmol Sahara-52 and Thokar-53. In 1953, she became Heroine of film ” Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu”, for which she got the name Ameeta. The film was a flop. After roles in popular films like Munimji-55 and Hum sab chor hain-56 she was selected as a lead actress, opposite Shammi Kapoor in film “Tumsa nahin dekha”-57. The film was a great Hit and she became a Star !

Though she acted in some good films like Dekh kabeera Roya-57 and Goonj uthi Shehnai-59 etc, she remained all the time a B grade Heroine. Till her last film Kisan aur Bhagwan-74, she acted in 47 films and then she left films. Her mother died soon after. Her daughter Sabeeha acted in few films, but shifted to a more successful business of Jewellery designing. (adapted,with thanks, from the book ” Beete hue din” by Shishir Krishna Sharma ji).

One more interesting name in the cast is Ranjana Shukla. Once upon a time, she was the Heroine of Dilip Kumar in film ” Milan”-46, made by Bombay Talkies, now relegated to ordinary roles in films.

Ranjana’s real name was Ratan Shantaram Deshpande. She was born in Nagpur on 20-10-1927. While studying in St. Ursula High School, she learnt dancing and music from well known ustads. After passing her 6th standard examination, she came to Bombay to her elder sister, Kusum Deshpande, who was already working as actress with Minerva Movietone films. Kusum married Vasant Thengadi, a handsome actor in Hindi films of those times.

Kusum arranged for specialised dancing for Ratan in the holidays. Later Ratan was taken to Vijay Bhatt of Prakash pictures for an interview. She was immediately selected and got a role in the famous film Ramrajya-1943. In this film she was Chitralekha, Sita’s sakhi. Vijay Bhatt also changed her name to Ranjana. She was on pay roles of Prakash for Rs. 2000 pm. She acted in films like police-44, Vikramaditya-45 and Hamara Sansar-45. Next films were Nai Maa-46 and Zamin Asman-46.

Ranjana was called by Bombay Talkies to do Heroine’s role opposite Dilip kumar in film Milan-46. This film was based on Bangla film Nauka Doobi written by Tagore. She did the role of Hem Nalini in this film’s Hindi version. The same role was done by Meera Sircar in the Bangla film Nauka Doobi.

After this film, Ranjana was in great demand, but she wanted to quit films and get married to live a simple life. She married a young and handsome writer Arvind Shukla. But after few months he fell sick and there was no income. So, she had to continue working in films till 1975. She also worked in many Marathi films. In all, she worked in about 35 films or so. Ranjana worked with many big stars of her times like, Prem Adeeb, Prithviraj Kapoor, Jairaj, Dilip Kumar, Jeevan, Umakant etc etc

It is interesting to note that her sister and her brother in law acted with her in few films. Some such films were Zamin Asman-46 and Shadi se pehle-47. In film Saajan ka Ghar-48 all three had worked together. We have many families like this in Hindi films. I remember Zubeida and her mother and sisters, Sitara Devi and her 2 sisters, Nargis,her mother and brothers, Kapoor family, Dilip kumar, his brother and sister in law, many film couples and families of several film people are examples. Ranjana was perhaps one early example. Thank God, this Ranjana was not around when yet another Ranjana came to Hindi films. She was Ranjana Deshmukh, niece of actress Sandhya(nee Vijaya Deshmukh). This Ranjana, however , worked mainly in Marathi films and did only 4 Hindi films starting with the famous film Chaani-77. Unfortunately, she first met with an accident and then died of Heart attack at the age of just 40 years or so.

Today’s song is sung by Asha, Geeta and chorus. The lyrics are by Shevan Rizvi. This is the 3rd song from this film to appear here.


Song-Laala laala Gulle laala pyaar kare hai kismetwaala (Indrasabha)(1956) Singers- Asha Bhonsle, Geeta Dutt, Lyricist- Shevan Rizvi, MD- A R Qureshi
Asha Bhonsle + Geeta Dutt + Chorus

Lyrics

Laala Laala Gulle laala
Laala Laala Gulle laala
pyaar kare hai kismat waala
pyaar kare hai kismat waala
Laala Laala Gulle laala
jisne kiya na pyaar
ho jisne kiya na pyaar
uska jeena hai bekaar
uska jeena hai bekaar
Laala Laala Gulle laala
Laala Laala Gulle laala
pyaar kare hai kismat waala
pyaar kare hai kismat waala
Laala Laala Gulle laala

agar koi haseen qaatil
jo kabhi maange tumse dil
ajab se kehna lotar(?) ka
ajab se kehna lotar (?) ka
shaida tum par har dil waala
lalar lala lallar lalla
Laala Laala Gulle laala
Laala Laala Gulle laala
pyaar kare hai kismat waala
pyaar kare hai kismat waala
Laala Laala Gulle laala

ke jab tak ?? na karna
ham kahaan phir tum kahaan phir hum
ke jab tak ?? na karna
ham kahaan phir tum kahaan phir hum
ye mausam aaye na har baar
ye mausam aaye na har baar
rang hai sab ka udne waala
Laala Laala Gulle laala
Laala Laala Gulle laala
pyaar kare hai kismat waala
pyaar kare hai kismat waala
Laala Laala Gulle laala

haseenon ke ishaaron par
lutaa do din jhukaa do sar
haseenon ke ishaaron par
lutaa do din jhukaa do sar
warna jeena hi bekaar
warna jeena hi bekaar
pyaar ki duniya Gulle laala
Laala Laala Gulle laala
Laala Laala Gulle laala
pyaar kare hai kismat waala
pyaar kare hai kismat waala
Laaala Laaala


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3968 Post No. : 15050 Movie Count :

4128

Today’s song is from film Ghar ki shobha-1944.

The history of Hindi Film Music (HFM) begins with the very first Talkie ” Alam Ara”-1931, in which there were 7 songs. Madan Theatres, Calcutta, Krishna Cinetone, Bombay and few other production houses were busy hectically in 1931, to release their First Talkie film, ahead of all others. Lucky Ardeshir Irani got the cake and released his film Alam Ara before all others and engraved his name in the history of Hindi and Indian talkies. Music and singing being an integral part of the Talkie films, many musicians were attracted to films. Stage and Drama musicians and some classical singers joined films and gave music in them. In those days, Film music was totally influenced by Gujarati, Parsee and Marathi stage and Drama music (Natya Sangeet). Probably no one ever imagined that there was a need for a different approach to Cine Music.

For the first 9-10 years of Hindi films, i.e. 1931 to almost 1940,there was virtually no change in the music pattern or the singing styles of songs in films. By the end of the 30s, playback technique was gaining a foothold. This system actually freed the Cinema from songs sung by film stars who were no singers at all ! Genuine, independent, non-star singers were now available to give playback. This was the case in the western India or Bombay made films. The Eastern centre of Hindi film making-Calcutta was strictly following Robindra Sangeet and Nazrul Geeti, adapted into Hindi film songs. They also used more pure Hindi words like Preet, Prem, Bandhan, Milan, Sangam, Vyatha etc to appeal to Hindi belt audience.

Beginning of the change came from the far off Lahore. Dalsukh Pancholi’s “Khazanchi”-41 introduced for the first time the Punjabi folk tunes music in the voice of a New singer SHAMSHAD BEGUM. The use of Dholak and Punjabi robust rhythm in songs was tried by the composer Master Ghulam Hyder. This path breaking,new type of Music was received by the audience with great joy and love, all over India. With this was ushered in the VIBRANT changes HFM was to undergo in the 5th decade,i.e. from 1941 to 1949.

This was also the time when the old batch of actors, singers and composers were slowly getting replaced by a newer crop of artistes. Phirozshah Mistry, Master Ali Baksh, Jaddanbai,Lallubhai Nayak, Pransukh Nayak, Brijlal Verma, Nagardas Nayak, Sunderdas Bhatiya, Govindrao Tembe, Keshvrao Bhole, Master Krishnarao Phulambrikar, master Mohammed, Jhande Khan, Rewashankar Marwadi, B S Hoogan, Meer Sahab, Damodar Sharma, Jhande Khan, Rewashankar Marwadi, S P Rane, Vithaldas Panchotiya, Annasaheb Mainkar, Dada Chandekar, Mushtaq Hussain, Master Chhaila etc were disappearing one by one.

A new set of composers and singers like Anil Biswas, Ashok Ghosh, C.Ramchandra, Ghulam Hyder, Sajjad Hussain, Naushad, K.Datta, Govind Ram, Pt. Amarnath, Husnalal Bhagatram, Khemchand Praksah,Khursheed Anwar, Nissar Bazmi, Vinod, A R Qureshi, Saraswati devi, Bulo c Rani, Gyan Dutt etc were taking over from the old guards.

These new entrants brought with them melodious tunes and music from Goa, UP, Rajasthan, Bengal, Maharashtra, Punjab, Kashmir etc and their experimentation truly enriched the HFM making it a genuinely All India music.

In the 40s, the HFM became absolutely VIBRANT. The new composers with new ideas and hard work tried to understand what the audience wanted. In other words,we can say that hitherto the film music was ” Sales Oriented ” (selling what you produce) till the 30s decade, but the 40’s music was ” Market oriented” (producing what the audience wants). Now, there was a fair and healthy competition and a wide variety in music. The composers too had new singers who were trained and had a singing voice and talent, unlike the earlier ‘Untrained forced singers’. Naushad Ali had once said,’’ The coming of Rafi and Lata liberated we composers from the painful task of making the ‘musically illiterate’ actors and actresses.” Thus Ashok kumar,Leela Chitnis and the likes of them were left alone to concentrate on their acting,while the trained singers sang for them.

New and exclusive playback singers like Amirbai, Zohrabai, Kalyanibai, Rajkumari Mohantara, Shamshad, lalita Deulkar, G M Durani, Rafi etc became popular. Actually, the lead actors now started deciding who should sing their songs. This paved the way for stars to become powerful in coming period.

Like Music, the type of cinema stories too started changing. The Fantasy, Stunt, Mythological, Historical, Religious and Costume dramas gave way to Love stories, Musicals. Family dramas, Comedy, Crime stories…so on and so forth. Overall, the cinema industry was going through a overhauling. However, the winds of Independence, after the world war put a brake to these changes. 1945 to 1950 was a period of turmoil and matters settled fully with the advent of the new decade of the 50’s.

In this change over, here was a film discussing the problems of a Happy Home. Ghar ki Shobha-1944 was a film which stressed the importance and need of the capable housewife who was an ” Adarsh” Bahu, Bibi, Mother and everything else the society needed !

The main players in this family drama were, Karan Dewan, Swarnalata, Jagdish Sethi, Dixit, Fazlu, Ramesh Saigal etc etc. The film was directed by Harshadrai Mehta- who became a well known director in Tamil films of Madras, later. Ramesh Saigal assisted him in direction. Harshadrai Sakerlal Mehta

was a Pioneer Hindi and Tamil director born in Mota, Bardoli Dist., Gujarat. Started as a painter, editor and cameraman at Kohinoor (1919), but made his début for Krishna Film (Ver Ni Vasulat). At Krishna he began his association with long-time partner and cameraman Luhar (e.g. Be Din Ni Badshahi, Amar Asha) making melodramas often starring the Anglo-Indian star Ermeline. Best-known film of this period is Janjirne Jankare, the much-acclaimed Rajput romance scripted and shot by Luhar. Made his most influential films with the famous Mehta- Luhar Prod. set up in 1931 with Bapubhai Desai and the informal support of the Sharda Studio. Made several Sharda-type stunt movies featuring e.g. Navinchandra. Moved to Coimbatore’s Premier Cinetone (1937) and made a number of Tamil films.

In Hindi films, there have been three actors who were very handsome and very lucky but zero in acting – Karan Dewan, Pradeep Kumar and Bharat Bhushan. They all appeared in leading roles opposite all leading actresses of their times. They had the best films, best songs and best roles. Karan Dewan had about 25 Silver Jubilees to his credit and was considered a lucky star. Bharat Bhushan had the most musical films to his credit like ‘Baiju Bawra’ (1952), ‘Shabaab’ (1954) and ‘Mirza Ghalib’ (1954) etc. Pradeep Kumar had ‘Anarkali’ (1953) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963).

All three had their brothers producing films for them. Gemini Dewan made films for Karan Dewan, R Chandra made films for Bharat Bhushan and Kalidas for Pradeep Kumar. Unfortunately, in later years, all three lost everything and died in poverty and neglectful anonymity. Karan Dewan was a manager with BR Chopra’s production company. When he died no one came for his funeral except for Chandrashekhar and Manmohan Krishan from the Cine Artist’s Association. Bharat Bhushan worked as a watchman in a film studio, in his last days. Even he died unsung and only the men from the Association were present at the cremation.

Pradeep Kumar’s case is the saddest. He lay seriously ill in the ICU of a Calcutta nursing home, abandoned by his relatives. The hospital was not discharging unless the bills were paid. Luckily one Mr. Pradeep Kondaliya, an estate agent, recognised him, despite his grown beard. He paid the huge outstanding bill of the hospital and took Pradeep Kumar to his home, where he passed away after a few days. He was cremated by his fan. Such is the film industry – cruel and ruthless, where the recognition lasts only till one is successful.

Dewan Karan Chopra aka Karan Dewan ( 6-11-1917 to 2-8-1979 ) youngest of three brothers was born at Gujranwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan), British India. He studied in Lahore, where he became interested in Journalism and started editing a film magazine in Urdu, Jagat Lakshmi. One of the local distributors he met was Tarachand Barjatya, who was then the Manager of Chandanmal Inder Kumar’s distribution office at Lahore. Through his connection with Barjatya he landed in Calcutta, and in 1939, made his acting debut as Puran in the Punjabi feature film Puran Bhagat

Dewan started his film career with the role of Puran in Puran Bhagat in Punjabi in 1939 in Calcutta. It was produced by Raisaheb Sukhlal Karnani and directed by Roop K. Shorey’s father R. L. Shorey. His second film Mera Maahi (1941) was also a Punjabi film, directed by Shankar Mehta at Lahore and starring Ragini and Manorama. This was the movie in which he sang songs for the first time in the movies under the baton of legendary music director Shyam Sunder. Later, in Rattan, he sang for the first time in Hindi movies for Naushad. B R Chopra, then working as a film journalist in Lahore, helped Karan Dewan to get in touch with Devika Rani, who invited Dewan to come to Bombay. When this did not helpDewan get films, he taught “Urdu pronunciation to actors and actresses”.

In 1944, Karan Dewan acted in Rattan, a musical romantic drama, directed by M. Sadiq, which became one of the most popular films of that year. “A tremendous hit”, it paired Dewan with Swarnalata. His decisive film was Rattan (1944), which was produced by his brother Jaimini Diwan, and this movie had turned out to be the biggest hit of 1944. He also sang songs in this movie under music director Naushad, and his song “Jab Tum Hi Chale Pardes” became popular. He sang in films such as Piya Ghar Aaja (1947), Mitti Ke Khiloune (1948) and Lahore (1949). His other important films were Zeenat (1945), Lahore (1949), Dahej (1950), Bahar (1951) and Teen Batti Char Rasta (1953). Known as a “jubilee star”, about twenty of his films are stated to have been jubilee (twenty-five weeks or more) hits.

Dewan married co-actress Manju in 1944 following the release of Rattan, in which she had a character role. By 1966, he was working as a casting agent for the film unit of Maya (1966). He continued to work in the 1960s and 1970s playing supporting parts in films such as Apna Ghar (1960), Shaheed(1965), Jeene Ki Raah (1969) and Nadaan (1971), with the last film in which he was credited being Sohanlal Kanwar’s Atmaram (1979).

He worked in 73 films and sang 18 songs in 9 films. He worked with all leading actresses of his times,including Noorjehan and Nargis. At the end of his career, however, he was down financially and had to work as a Manager with B R Chopra’s company. When he died, except two workers of Cine artistes association, no one else from Film industry was present.

Ustad Alla Rakha aka A R Qureshi ( 29-4-1919 to 3-2-2000) gave music to this film. Having started only in 1943 with Mahasati Anusuya, film Ghar ki shobha-44 was his only the second film as an MD. So his music sounds fresh. After you hear today’s song, you will agree with me. He gave music to 40 films, composing 356 songs. He also sang 14 songs in 7 films.

In the cast of this film, there was one fading actor – Dixit, from the Dixit and Ghori pair of that era. The projected themselves on the lines of Laurel and Hardy…Hardy being our Dixit. Later, Yaqub and Gope triede to project their image as Laurel and Hardy and still later Johar and Majnu tried to copy Bob Hope and Bing Crosby of Hindi cinema ! Let’s take a look at Dixit and Ghory- a very popular comedy pair of early cinema.

Manohar Janardhan Dixit was born on 12-11-1906 at Sinner in Nashik district,Maharashtra (Bombay state at that time.) His comedy career started with silent film ‘Sparkling youth’-1930. His first day of work in a film was 14-11-1929. He did 3 more silent films with Navjivan Films and then joined Ranjit studio. Here he met his mate Nazir Ahmed Ghori,born on 11-8-1901 at Bombay.He was the senior of the two,having started in 1927. He worked till 1931 in silent films of various companies and then joined Ranjit studio in 1931 Here too he did 4 silent films.

He paired with Dixit first time in Char Chakram-1932,directed by Jayant Desai.The film was a terrific hit and the pair did many films together like, Bhutio mahal,Do badmash,Bhola shikar,Bhool bhulaiya,Vishwamohini,nadira etc. They worked together till 1947,doing solo films also in between. Unfortunately none of their films have survived and we know about their acting only through Photographs,interviews and articles. However Dixit’s solo films like Pehle aap-44,Jeevan yatra-46,Aap ki sewa mein-47 and Pugree-47 are still available.In film Pugree,his name was Ramu kaka and the very fat Dixit (222 pounds) carried the world’s smallest dog-Chikoo in the film.Later comedian Omprakash did this role in the remake of the film in Dil Daulat Duniya-1972.

Dixit acted in 66 Talkie films and 8 silent films in 17 years. He died on 29-6-1949 due to a massive heart attack. His partner Ghori migrated to Pakistan and did 8 films there till 1960, without much success. He died on 9-12-1977 at Karachi.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari. Note the type of music and tune. With this song, film Ghar ki Shobha-44 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Main duniya ki raani (Ghar Ki Shobha)(1944) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyrics- Roopbani, MD- Alla Rakha Qureshi
unknown male voice

Lyrics

Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
firti hoon mauj manaati
firti hoon mauj manaati
chhed chhaad se dil behlaati
chhed chhaad se dil behlaati
karti hoon main manmaani
karti hoon main manmaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

main ?? kheloon
saagar se geet bakheroon(?)
main ?? kheloon
saagar se geet bakheroon(?)
aazaadi ki deewaani
aazaadi ki deewaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

meri laila jaisi aankhen
meri laila jaisi aankhen
sab majnu ban kar jhaanken
sab majnu ban kar jhaanken
zulfen to mast jawaani
zulfen to mast jawaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

?? kar pankh hilaati
bhanwron ko paas bulaati
?? kar pankh hilaati
bhanwron ko paas bulaati
patthar dil kar doon paani
patthar dil kar doon paani
haay haay laila
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3944 Post No. : 15020

Mohammed Rafi : The Incomparable (II) – Song No. 11
———————————————————-
Songs of religious fervor are an integral part of hindi films. This was more prevalent upto 80’s, than I think the trend went downhill. In recent decades this type of songs have made a return in the mainstream film with spectacular bhajans and philosophical/religious flavor.

In Mohammed Rafi Sahab total output of around 5000 songs, I can guess this genre of bhajan/religious/philosophical/naats/qawwali’s accounts for 7-8 % . This is my conservative guess work, this might well turn out to be 10%.

I began this series ‘Mohammed Rafi: The incomparable ‘ with this song . In the revival of the series Part – II so far there was no such song. ‘A – Z of Rafi Songs” series also began with a bhajan .

The holy month of ‘Ramadhan’ is beginning tomorrow. This month is a period of ‘Barakah’ where the almighty’s blessings and sawaab for the believers ibaadat is manifold. I am not mentioning the “na’ymat” that the Allah (swt) has bestowed on the mortals for the worldly needs. The material things and luxuries that we all ask for and get from Allah (swt) are all “faani” (faani – will end one day) and are finite in nature. Allah’s Rehmat and the ability to give/forgive is limitless, infinite. It is our asking ability that is finite. If this simple thing is understood by us mortals, none of us will be jealous of each other. Jealousy is something which is always there among peers or people who are close/known to each other or in the same social circle. No one is ever jealous of the celebrities or those who are far away from us. People need to look far and beyond of their immediate circle’s to realize that God Almighty has so much to give and he has spread the blessings far and beyond. Than what one has to do is ask him to bless us too, becoz his capacity to give is so much far and beyond of what our imagination’s limits will take us. We can also ask him to give us far and beyond of where our imagination is able to imagine. See there is hope here and light at the end of the tunnel.

This is great motivational pitch for counseling people who are dejected due to any reason. If and when I encounter such people, I make it a point to tell them that look towards the whole mankind, how much God Almighty has blessed the people all over the world. People do seemingly impossible things, have achieved so much. Do you think all this happened without the will of God? So, what is your problem? So keep trying and ask of the Almighty. Have faith and trust that the Almighty has blessed the others and he will bless you too.

The song no. 11 I am presenting here is from the film Aalam Ara (1956). This would be the first remake of the first talkie film of India. The lyricist is Shewan Rizvi and the composer if A. R.Qurieshi. Mohammad Rafi Sahab is in element in this religious nazm and telling the story of a youg boy’s quest for the deeds that take him closer to ‘Imaan’ and to the eternal tranquility of heaven. This quest in exemplified in the boy’s wish to keep ‘Roza’ as an obedience and prayer. This story goes on to tell how the child insists on observing the fast and how the parents try to counsel him, thinking in their affection for him that he is too young. Then on to how the child is young and frail, falls down due to dizziness His heart stops beating and he dies.

The parents are both distraught and unable to bear the blow. Just than a ‘Faqeer’ comes to the door asking for food to break the fast. The faqeer is actually a farishta (angel) who has been sent by Allah (SWT) to rescue. This is divine intervention and the farishta keeps his hand on the boys chest and recites something. The child open his eyes and thus alive again. It’s a miracle, the boy and the parents are thus rewarded by the Almighty’s barakah and no harm comes to the believers and the steadfast.

It is said that the age of miracles is long over and there are no more miracles to be found in the present era. In the present context, this story would simply mean that the child’s heart had stopped and a few seconds or minutes later he was given first aid and the heart started beating and a life was thus saved. What is relevant and of utmost importance is the timely action of the faqeer in giving the necessary first aid to the child.

Similarly, may Allah(SWT) help us all in the times of need, this is a prayer. We all have seen several instances of such divine intervention, when help comes from unexpected source and our difficulty or problem is solved. People are known to have come out of dire situations in various strata of life. Even Maradona had a goal by “Hand of God”. 

The lesson here is to believe in the ‘Rehmat’ of Allah (SWT) and always treat each other with respect and love. Because we don’t know when and who are destined to be our ‘Rehmatkafarishta’.


Song-Karta Hai Ek Raavi Ye Dilsoz Ye Bayaan (Aalam Aara)(1956) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Shewan Rizvi, MD-A R Qureshi

Lyrics

karta hai ek raavi ye dilsoz ye bayaan
ramzaan ke mahine ki mash-hoor daastaan

mulk-e-yemen meinn ladka thha ek aatth saal kaa aa
charcha thha shehr shehr mein
jis ke jamaal ka aa

rozaa khudaa ke naam pe rakkhne ka shauq thha
ramzaan ka jo chaand nazar uss ko aa gayaa aa
kehne lagaa ye maan se ke rozaa rakkhoongaa main
mujh ko jagaana raat ko sehri karoongaa main

bachche ki baat ka na kiya maan ne kuchh khayaal
ladkaa jo subah uttha to uss ko huaa malaal
samjhaaya maan ne aye mere dilbar na kar malaal
rozaa nahin hai farz abhi tujhpe mere laal
maasoom dil pe thes lagi maan se yoon kahaa
ammi suno ye kehtaa hai Quraan mein khudaa aa
roze ki bhookh pyaas ka jo gham utthaayegaa
uss rozaadaar ko na jahannum jalaayegaa
quraan ka nuzool issi maah mein huaa
tauba qubool kartaa hai iss maah mein khudaa aa

al-qissa raat aayi to woh jaagta rahaa aa
kehna kisi ka kuchh na suna roza rakh liya
sehri wo karke so gayaaaur so ke jab utthaa
bete ka maatha choom ke maadar ne ye kahaa aa
rozaa na rakh sakegaa tu zid apni chhod de ea
de doongi apna rozaa tujhe rozaa tod de ea
ladka ye bolaa khaana main hargiz na khaaungaa
apne khudaa-e-paak ko kya munh dikhaaungaa
dopehar dhal ke asr ka jab waqt aa gayaa
paani begair pyaas se khushk ho gayaa galaa aa
seene mein saans ruk gayi chakkar sa aa gayaa
kamsin thha nazneen thha chakra ke gir padaa
harkat jo dil ki band hui aankh jhuk gayee
nabzen idhar rukin to udhar saans ruk gayee
maa ne kahaa pukaar ke maasoom chal diyaa
aftaar ki khushi se bhi mehroom chal diyaa
maan baap laash dekhte thhe apne laal ki
maiyyat padi thhi saamne ek aatth saal ki
aakhir ko rozaa kholne ka waqt aa gayaa
donon ne gham mein bete ke khaaya na kuchh piyaa

nagaah dar pe aa ke sawaali ne di sadaa aa
saayil ki shakl mein thha farishtaa khadaa huaa
aawaaz di ke le lo faqeeron ki tum duaa
main bhi hoon rozaadaar do Allah ke naam ka
jis dam suni faqeer ki donon ne ye sadaa aa
aftaar ko jo rakkhaa thha saayil ko de diyaa aa
saayil ne bheekh le ke kahaa maajra hai kya
maatam hai ghar mein kaisaa yeh mujh ko bhi do bataa aa
saayil ko apne saath pidarghar mein le gayaa
farzand ke janaaze ko laa kar dikhaa diyaa aa
bachche ki laash dekh ke saayil ne kuchh padhaa aa
seene pe haath rakh ke ye murde ko di sadaa aa
ae nanhe rozaadar tu ab rozaa khol le
ghamgeen maan khadi hai zara maan se bol le ae
jumbish labon pe hone lagi aankh khol di ee
bachche ko zinda dekh ke maadar lipat gayeeee
saayil ye keh ke aankhon se rooposh ho gayaa
bhejaa huaa main aaya thha parwardighar ka aa
thha imtihaan ka waqt museebat ki ye ghadi
jo usspe jaan dete hain marte nahin kabhi eeee
marte nahin kabhi …..


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3888 Post No. : 14919 Movie Count :

4074

Today (11 march 2019) finds myself out of my comfort zone, viz outside my base and away from the familiar routine. Today I am in Lucknow and I will be here for three days.

I thought that it is a capital city and so I would be blessed with good internet connection, namely high speed internet and wi fi, but that is not the case. So I am dependent on my dongle and I am thankful that at least this is working, even if slowly. I hope to at least ensure that my days here are not dot days as far as the blog is concerned.

Here is a song from “Dhanyawad”(1948). This remonstrating with the Almighty genre of song is sung by Meena Kapoor. Lyrics are by Sajjan (the character artist). Music is composed by A R Qureshy.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

With this song, “Dhanyawad”(1948) makes its debut in the blog.


Song-Main roti hoon tum hans rahe ho krishn muraari(Dhanywaad)(1948) Singer-Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Sajjan, MD-A R Qureshi

Lyrics

Main roti hoon tum hans rahe ho
krishn muraari
krishn muraari
Main roti hoon tum hans rahe ho
krishn muraari
krishn muraari
mitti mein mili jaati yahaan
duniya hamaari
krishn muraari
mitti mein mili jaati yahaan
duniya hamaari
krishn muraari

jholi meri khaali hai
aankhon mein andhera
jholi meri khaali hai
aankhon mein andhera
jab roothh gaye tum hi to phir
kaun hai mera
jab roothh gaye tum hi to phir
kaun hai mera
majhdhaar ki naiyya ko hai bas
aas tumhaari
aas tumhaari
aas tumhaari
Main roti hoon tum hans rahe ho
krishn muraari
krishn muraari
mitti mein mili jaati yahaan
duniya hamaari
krishn muraari

bhagwaan ho patthar na bano
ab na sataao
bhagwaan ho patthar na bano
ab na sataao
duniya basaane waale
meri bigdi banaao
duniya basaane waale
meri bigdi banaao
ro ro ke mari jaati hai
ye daasi tumhaari
krishn muraari
krishn muraari


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3657 Post No. : 14518

Today’s song is from an obscure film Kul kalank-45.

If one critically looks at the artistes’ mix in Hindi films from Talkie era beginning upto 1947, one would find that, if not a majority, a sizable number was of Muslim community. The 15 % section of Indian population was prominently present in the film world. Actors, actresses, directors, singers, Lyricists and Music directors… you name a department and they were there. In a way this community enriched the film and music by bringing Ghazals, Thumris etc into the Music and dance items like Mujra and qawalis became famous and popular part of the Hindi films.

After 1947, many Muslim artistes from almost all departments of film making migrated to Pakistan, making way for artistes who were waiting in the wings-so to say- to fill the void, in Indian film world. many Muslim artistes chose to stay in India. While many divided their families into both countries ( Rafi, Kardar, Mehboob etc), there were many who shifted Lock, stock and barrel to Pakistan.

Legends like Dilip, Meena Kumari, Mehboob, Naushad and Rafi etc stayed back and enriched the Indian film industry, beyond words. One of the major specialities of this industry was ( and is ) its Secular nature. While a team of Muslim Singer (Rafi), Muslim Lyricist (Shakeel) and a Muslim Composer (Naushad) gave us an evergreen Bhajan like “Man tadpat Hari darshan ko aaj (Baiju Baawra) “, a team of Hindu composer (CR), Hindu Lyricist (Shailendra) and a Hindu Singer ( Lata ) gave us a Devotional Naat “Duaa kar gham e dil, Khuda se duaa kar(Anarkali) “.

BOMBAY- the Mayanagari of films, attracted many aspirants from all over the country. One can understand, if those who wanted to make a successful career and become famous, flocked to Bombay, but sometimes even the famous ones with a bright career already in place, also were tempted to join this industry. Some names which come readily to mind are- Pt. Ravi Shankar, the International Sitar Maestro and a Bharat Ratna-1999. He became a Music Director and gave music to 5 films….Neechanagar and Dharti ke Lal-1946, Anuradha-60, Godaan-63 and Meera-79. The famous Sarod player Ali Akbar Khan gave music to 7 films. And then, the famous Tabla player All Rakha Khan Qureshi also had a stint in Hindi films. Today’s film Kul Kalank-45 had his music.

Ustad Allah Rakha, born as Allah Rakha Qureshi, was born in Jammu and Kashmir on 29-4-1919. He was an Indian tabla player, who popularised the art of tabla playing all over the world. Allah Rakha was born to a soldier, who later returned from the army and worked as a farmer after that to earn his bread and butter. Being the eldest of seven sons, his father did not expect him to learn music and opposed his idea of learning classical music.

Ustad Allah Rakha, as a young boy of 12 years, found the instrument fascinating while visiting his uncle in Gurdaspur. His inclination towards Indian classical music and the Performing Arts made him run away to Lahore for further learning, as he found little scope of learning the art-form in his home-town. Allah Rakha studied at the Punjab school of classical music (gharana) where he became a student of Ustad Mian Khadarbaksh Pakhawaji (Mian Quader Bakshi). He was trained to be a singer under Ustad Ashiq .

Allah Rakha was also associated to theater as he lived in Pathankot for sometime and worked for a theater company. In 1930, Allah Rakha worked at a radio station in Lahore. According to reports, he moved to Delhi after six years, in 1936, to work with All India Radio. In 1940, he moved to Bombay and worked with Pandit Ravi Shankar and again on All India Radio. He was the station’s first ever tabla solo player then. After which he even composed music for 40 Hindi films from 1943 to 1958. His first film as a MD was Mahasati Anusuya-43 and the last released film was Idd ka chaand-64. He even sang 14 songs in 7 films between 1942 to 1949

Ustad Allah Rakha had married twice. He was first married to Bavi Begum and had three sons, Zakir Hussain, Fazal Qureshi and Taufiq Qureshi and two daughters Khurshid Aulia née Qureshi and Razia. Razia served him in his later years and was like a constant companion to her father. She died after a routine cataract surgery and Allah Rakha could not cope with the shock of her death and immediately slipped into a coma and passed away within 24 hours on 3-2-2000.

Zakir Hussain is one of the most renowned tabla players of India.

Allah Rakha’s son Zakir Hussain grew up to be another legend in the country. Zakir Hussain has also been honoured with the Padma Shri in 1988 and the Padma Bhushan in 2002, by the Government of India. The honour that was bestowed upon his father by the Sangeet Natak Akademi came to him as well in 1990. Hussain has been working in films and on albums in India as well as abroad. Hussain owes his career to his father, who had made sure that he remained focused on the art-form.

Ustad Allah Rakha had established the Alla Rakha Institute of Music in Bombay in 1986 and imparted his knowledge of the instrument to all his disciples in the institute. Allah Rakha and sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar brought classical Hindustani music to Western audiences as well. He was honoured with the Padma Shri Award by the Government of India in 1977 for his contributions to elevate the reach of tabla playing as an art form across the globe. Later on, Sangeet Natak Akademi also honoured him.

Ustad Allah Rakha and sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar brought classical Hindustani music to Western audiences as well. Their partnership reached legendary heights with performances at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 and the Woodstock Festival in 1969. The two performed together in a lot many festivals and elevated the respect and popularity of tabla playing as an art form. Other than Pandit Ravi Shankar, he also worked with renowned Kathak dancers like Sitara Devi and Birju Maharaj.

Ustad Allah Rakha found fans not only in India but abroad as well. Reportedly, American percussionist, the Grateful Dead’s Mickey Hart, was his huge fan. Hart always tried to learn from him even from single visits that Ustad used to make to his country. Hart was also quoted saying, “Alla Rakha is the Einstein, the Picasso; he is the highest form of rhythmic development on this planet.”

Other than the Grateful Dead drummer, Mickey Hart, Ustad Allah Rakha inspired George Harrison from The Beatles as well. Both of them performed together for a Concert for Bangladesh in 1971. Mickey Hart also collaborated with him for Rolling Thunder in 1972. The picture we have here is of Hell’s Angels member Terry The Tramp with tabla player Ustad Alla Rakha as they were set to perform together at the Monterey International Pop Festival, June 17th, 1967. He had collaborated with many prominent rock groups.

While Ustad used to generally team up with Pandit Ravi Shankar for his performances, he once collaborated with jazz drummer Buddy Rich for an album, Rich à la Rakha in 1968. Some of his greatest works have been in the form of albums Improvisations, West Meets East, Album 3 (with Ravi Shankar, Yehudi Menuhin, Jean Pierre Rampel, Martine Gelliot), Angel (1976), Master Drummers with Zakir Hussain (1991), Tabla Duet, Chhanda Dhara (1994), Ultimate in Taal-vidya, Magnasound/OMI (1996),

The cast of film Kul Kalank-45 was Shanta Hublikar, Masood, Shehzadi, Maajid, Amirbai karnataki, Dulari, Protima Devi, W M Khan, Saroj Borkar etc etc. In this list we find names of Masood, Shehzadi and Majid, who are not well known to most people.

Masood Mohammed Ansari was born on 16-2-1921 at Lahore in a respectable family. After passing the Matriculation, he joined films with screen name Shyam, but as there were already 2 actors with that name, he retained his own name shortened to just Masood. He joined Bombay Talkies on a monthly salary, but even in one year, he did not get any role in a film, so he resigned.

He did small roles in Sitara and Gunehgar -39, but was noticed in Bahurani-40. Due to his good looks and personality, he got roles with leading ladies like Sitara, Swarnalata, Nurjehan, Mumtaz Shanti, Khurshid Jr. and Shamim. He acted in society-42,Aabroo-43,Naadan-43, Raahgir-43, Ishara-43, Nagad Narayan-43, Kul kalank-45, pujari-46, Nek parveen-46 and Bhanwar-47. he got married just before partition and migrated to Pakistan, with his family.

The other name we find is of Shehzadi. Now, there was another actress Shehzadi, who was the daughter of actress director and producer Fatima Begum and sister of Zubeida (Alam Ara) and Sultana. She had done films from 1926 to 1939 only. Zubeida and Sultana were married in 1936. She also got married and left films. Actress Shehzadi of film Kul Kalank-45 was different. She was born in Bombay and knew Urdu, Hindi, English, Gujarati and Marathi languages. She joined Bombay Talkies and her Debut film was Jhoola-41. In this film she did a dance and song item with Mumtaj Ali (father of Mehmood). The song was ” Main to Delhi se dulhan laaya re “. This became a hit song. She had learned Dancing before joining films. This came handy in films. She acted in 26 films from 1941 to 1947. In film ‘ Hanso hanso,aye duniyawalon’-42, she was Gope’s Heroine. In 1947, she started her own company Ratnakar productions and made a film ” Utho Jaago’ with Hero Ashiq Hussain. After Partition, she married the Hero and migrated to Pakistan.

The third name is Majid. His name was Abdul majid Syed. he was born at Farrukhabad in U.P. in 1915. His father was an Overseer. After matric in 1929, he started his business of Leather in Akola, Maharashtra. in 1935, actor, director and producer Nazeer of Hind pictures, introduced him to S.K.Daryani and he got a small role in Sher ka Panja-36 and Sangdil samaj-36. However, from film Bulldog-37, he got side roles and lead roles in films like Gentleman daku-37, insaaf-37, Rajkumari-38, Masterman-38, Zamana-38, Mud-40, Saubhagya-40, Swami-41, Swaminath-42, he also acted in more films like Najma-43, Babar-44 and Zeenat-45.

In all he did over 100 films till 1947. After Partition, he migrated to Pakistan with Nazeer and Swarnalata.

In film Kul kalank-45, there were 11 songs. Today’s song is a duet by Ameerbai karnataki and Rafi. Mind you, in 1945, Mohd. Rafi was still a new singer. Having started only in 1944, this song was just the 7th song in his career. from his style and voice itself, one can make out that this singer was a new one. That way, this is a rare song of Rafi and a song which is not easily available.

Film Kul Kalank was re-released as ” Jeewan Chhaya ” in 1946 again. Kul Kalank-45 makes a Debut on the Blog. Listen to Rafi’s rare song.
( Credits- A.I.Directory, pakfilms.com,, CITWF.com, Times of India back issue, HFGK, MuVyz, Flash back-Isak Mujawar, Asli Nakli Chehere-V.Pandya and my notes )


Song-Topiwaale babu ne dil chheena (Kul Kalank)(1945) Singers-Amirbai Karnataki, Rafi, Lyrics-Roopbani, MD-Alla Rakkha Qureshi
Both

Lyrics

Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
dil chheena re mora man chheena aa
dil chheena re mora man chheena
haay dil chheena re mora man chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena

tirchhi nazron se kar ke ishaara
tirchhi nazron se kar ke ishaara
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
dil chheena re mora man chheena aa
dil chheena re mora man chheena
haaye dil chheena re mora man chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
kaali zulfon ka de ke nazaara
kaali zulfon ka de ke nazaara
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena

o o o
bhari bajariya mein khenche chunariya aa aa
bhari bajariya mein khenche chunariya
khenche chunariya mera
haay raam
khenche chunariya mera
haay raam
khenche chunariya aa
maare sharam meri doobi najariya
maare sharam meri doobi najariya
maathhe pe aaya paseena aa aa
maathhe pe aaya paseenaa
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena

ho o o
bhari bajariya mein ghoonghat nikaale ae ae
bhari bajariya mein ghoonghat nikaale ae ae
chalti ho kyun tum aanchal sambhaale
chalti ho kyun tum aanchal sambhaale
dikhaati ho kyun apna seena aa
dikhaati ho kyun apna seena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena

topi waale baabu ne dil chheena
dil chheena
dil chheena


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3611 Post No. : 14401

It appears that Mohan Pictures, Bombay were on a spree to make movies begging with the word “Jaadui”. They had released three such movies in 1948 which went under titles like “Jaadui Shehnaai”, Jaadui Angoothhi”and “Jaadui Sindoor”. They were followed by “Jaadui Chitra” and “Jaadui Bansari”.

Advertisement given in magazines those days suggest that these movies were smashing the box office. 🙂 When I search for the songs of these movies, I find that not a single song from these “Jaadui ..” movies is showcased in the blog. In other words, the songs of these movies failed to make it big and they are not available all that easily.

“Jaadui Angoothhi”(1948) was directed by A M Khan. The movie had Husn Ara, Anil Kumar, Devraj, Kesari etc in it. This movie , a “musical thriller”, had 10 songs in it.

Here is the first song from “Jaadui Angoothhi”(1948) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Hamida Bano and A R Qureshi. Roopbani is the lyricist. Music is composed by A R Qureshi, who was none other than the famous tabla player All Rakkha Qureshi, father of another Tabla wizard Zakir Hussain.

Here is this lovely romantic song from “Jaadui Angoothhi”(1948). Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of the song.

With this song, “Jaadui Angoothhi”(1948) makes its debut in the blog.


Song-Hamaari gali aaya na karo (Jaadui Angoothhi)(1948) Singers-Hamida Bano, A R Qureshi, Lyrics-Roopbani, MD-A R Qureshi

Lyrics

Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo
baaman ke chhore
na gore na kaale
najariya na hamse ladaaya karo
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo

khidki mein aa kar chunariya hilaa kar
khidki mein aa kar chunariya hilaa kar
ishaaron se hamko bulaaya na karo
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo

chalte ho jab tum seena nikaale
chalte ho jab tum seena nikaale
dil mera kehta hai usko bulaa le
dil mera kehta hai usko bulaa le
aankhon se jaadoo chalaaya na karo
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo

chalti hai jab tum ghoonghat nikaale
chalti hai jab tum ghoonghat nikaale
uspe hain man mein laakhon uchhaale
maathe pe bindiya lagaaya na karo
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo

baaman ke chhore
na gore na kaale
najariya na hamse ladaaya karo
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Alladin Laila”(1957) was produced by Mulkraj Bhakri and directed by Lekhraj Bhakri for Golden Movies, Bombay. This “imaginary” (kaalpnik) movie had Shakila, Mahipal, Heeralal, Maruti, Niranjan Sharma, Kammo, Krishna Kumari, Lalita Pawar, Sadiq, Nadir Mota, Tuntun, Kesri, Naazi, Kanchanmala, Saleem, Seemaab etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Kismat Ka Sitaara”(1947) was directed by Nanubhai Vakil for Mohan Pictures, Bombay. This stunt movie had Prakash, amirbai Karnataki, Rafiq, Ansari, Kamal Rani, Devraj, Agha Shapur, Abdul Ghani, Shekh Asgar, Sheikh Burhan, C Sharma, Anees, Rukhsana, Rekha Pawar etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Wamiq Azra”(1946) was directed by Nazeer for Hind Pictures, Bombay. This movie had Swarnlata, Nazeer, M Ismail, Wazeer Mohammad Khan, Kusum Deshpade, Tasneem, Chacha Premi, Agha Peer Jaan etc i it.
Read more on this topic…


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has more than 15600 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2020) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15630

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Movies with all their songs covered =1206
Total Number of movies covered =4303

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