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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘A R Qureshi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3968 Post No. : 15050 Movie Count :

4128

Today’s song is from film Ghar ki shobha-1944.

The history of Hindi Film Music (HFM) begins with the very first Talkie ” Alam Ara”-1931, in which there were 7 songs. Madan Theatres, Calcutta, Krishna Cinetone, Bombay and few other production houses were busy hectically in 1931, to release their First Talkie film, ahead of all others. Lucky Ardeshir Irani got the cake and released his film Alam Ara before all others and engraved his name in the history of Hindi and Indian talkies. Music and singing being an integral part of the Talkie films, many musicians were attracted to films. Stage and Drama musicians and some classical singers joined films and gave music in them. In those days, Film music was totally influenced by Gujarati, Parsee and Marathi stage and Drama music (Natya Sangeet). Probably no one ever imagined that there was a need for a different approach to Cine Music.

For the first 9-10 years of Hindi films, i.e. 1931 to almost 1940,there was virtually no change in the music pattern or the singing styles of songs in films. By the end of the 30s, playback technique was gaining a foothold. This system actually freed the Cinema from songs sung by film stars who were no singers at all ! Genuine, independent, non-star singers were now available to give playback. This was the case in the western India or Bombay made films. The Eastern centre of Hindi film making-Calcutta was strictly following Robindra Sangeet and Nazrul Geeti, adapted into Hindi film songs. They also used more pure Hindi words like Preet, Prem, Bandhan, Milan, Sangam, Vyatha etc to appeal to Hindi belt audience.

Beginning of the change came from the far off Lahore. Dalsukh Pancholi’s “Khazanchi”-41 introduced for the first time the Punjabi folk tunes music in the voice of a New singer SHAMSHAD BEGUM. The use of Dholak and Punjabi robust rhythm in songs was tried by the composer Master Ghulam Hyder. This path breaking,new type of Music was received by the audience with great joy and love, all over India. With this was ushered in the VIBRANT changes HFM was to undergo in the 5th decade,i.e. from 1941 to 1949.

This was also the time when the old batch of actors, singers and composers were slowly getting replaced by a newer crop of artistes. Phirozshah Mistry, Master Ali Baksh, Jaddanbai,Lallubhai Nayak, Pransukh Nayak, Brijlal Verma, Nagardas Nayak, Sunderdas Bhatiya, Govindrao Tembe, Keshvrao Bhole, Master Krishnarao Phulambrikar, master Mohammed, Jhande Khan, Rewashankar Marwadi, B S Hoogan, Meer Sahab, Damodar Sharma, Jhande Khan, Rewashankar Marwadi, S P Rane, Vithaldas Panchotiya, Annasaheb Mainkar, Dada Chandekar, Mushtaq Hussain, Master Chhaila etc were disappearing one by one.

A new set of composers and singers like Anil Biswas, Ashok Ghosh, C.Ramchandra, Ghulam Hyder, Sajjad Hussain, Naushad, K.Datta, Govind Ram, Pt. Amarnath, Husnalal Bhagatram, Khemchand Praksah,Khursheed Anwar, Nissar Bazmi, Vinod, A R Qureshi, Saraswati devi, Bulo c Rani, Gyan Dutt etc were taking over from the old guards.

These new entrants brought with them melodious tunes and music from Goa, UP, Rajasthan, Bengal, Maharashtra, Punjab, Kashmir etc and their experimentation truly enriched the HFM making it a genuinely All India music.

In the 40s, the HFM became absolutely VIBRANT. The new composers with new ideas and hard work tried to understand what the audience wanted. In other words,we can say that hitherto the film music was ” Sales Oriented ” (selling what you produce) till the 30s decade, but the 40’s music was ” Market oriented” (producing what the audience wants). Now, there was a fair and healthy competition and a wide variety in music. The composers too had new singers who were trained and had a singing voice and talent, unlike the earlier ‘Untrained forced singers’. Naushad Ali had once said,’’ The coming of Rafi and Lata liberated we composers from the painful task of making the ‘musically illiterate’ actors and actresses.” Thus Ashok kumar,Leela Chitnis and the likes of them were left alone to concentrate on their acting,while the trained singers sang for them.

New and exclusive playback singers like Amirbai, Zohrabai, Kalyanibai, Rajkumari Mohantara, Shamshad, lalita Deulkar, G M Durani, Rafi etc became popular. Actually, the lead actors now started deciding who should sing their songs. This paved the way for stars to become powerful in coming period.

Like Music, the type of cinema stories too started changing. The Fantasy, Stunt, Mythological, Historical, Religious and Costume dramas gave way to Love stories, Musicals. Family dramas, Comedy, Crime stories…so on and so forth. Overall, the cinema industry was going through a overhauling. However, the winds of Independence, after the world war put a brake to these changes. 1945 to 1950 was a period of turmoil and matters settled fully with the advent of the new decade of the 50’s.

In this change over, here was a film discussing the problems of a Happy Home. Ghar ki Shobha-1944 was a film which stressed the importance and need of the capable housewife who was an ” Adarsh” Bahu, Bibi, Mother and everything else the society needed !

The main players in this family drama were, Karan Dewan, Swarnalata, Jagdish Sethi, Dixit, Fazlu, Ramesh Saigal etc etc. The film was directed by Harshadrai Mehta- who became a well known director in Tamil films of Madras, later. Ramesh Saigal assisted him in direction. Harshadrai Sakerlal Mehta

was a Pioneer Hindi and Tamil director born in Mota, Bardoli Dist., Gujarat. Started as a painter, editor and cameraman at Kohinoor (1919), but made his début for Krishna Film (Ver Ni Vasulat). At Krishna he began his association with long-time partner and cameraman Luhar (e.g. Be Din Ni Badshahi, Amar Asha) making melodramas often starring the Anglo-Indian star Ermeline. Best-known film of this period is Janjirne Jankare, the much-acclaimed Rajput romance scripted and shot by Luhar. Made his most influential films with the famous Mehta- Luhar Prod. set up in 1931 with Bapubhai Desai and the informal support of the Sharda Studio. Made several Sharda-type stunt movies featuring e.g. Navinchandra. Moved to Coimbatore’s Premier Cinetone (1937) and made a number of Tamil films.

In Hindi films, there have been three actors who were very handsome and very lucky but zero in acting – Karan Dewan, Pradeep Kumar and Bharat Bhushan. They all appeared in leading roles opposite all leading actresses of their times. They had the best films, best songs and best roles. Karan Dewan had about 25 Silver Jubilees to his credit and was considered a lucky star. Bharat Bhushan had the most musical films to his credit like ‘Baiju Bawra’ (1952), ‘Shabaab’ (1954) and ‘Mirza Ghalib’ (1954) etc. Pradeep Kumar had ‘Anarkali’ (1953) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963).

All three had their brothers producing films for them. Gemini Dewan made films for Karan Dewan, R Chandra made films for Bharat Bhushan and Kalidas for Pradeep Kumar. Unfortunately, in later years, all three lost everything and died in poverty and neglectful anonymity. Karan Dewan was a manager with BR Chopra’s production company. When he died no one came for his funeral except for Chandrashekhar and Manmohan Krishan from the Cine Artist’s Association. Bharat Bhushan worked as a watchman in a film studio, in his last days. Even he died unsung and only the men from the Association were present at the cremation.

Pradeep Kumar’s case is the saddest. He lay seriously ill in the ICU of a Calcutta nursing home, abandoned by his relatives. The hospital was not discharging unless the bills were paid. Luckily one Mr. Pradeep Kondaliya, an estate agent, recognised him, despite his grown beard. He paid the huge outstanding bill of the hospital and took Pradeep Kumar to his home, where he passed away after a few days. He was cremated by his fan. Such is the film industry – cruel and ruthless, where the recognition lasts only till one is successful.

Dewan Karan Chopra aka Karan Dewan ( 6-11-1917 to 2-8-1979 ) youngest of three brothers was born at Gujranwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan), British India. He studied in Lahore, where he became interested in Journalism and started editing a film magazine in Urdu, Jagat Lakshmi. One of the local distributors he met was Tarachand Barjatya, who was then the Manager of Chandanmal Inder Kumar’s distribution office at Lahore. Through his connection with Barjatya he landed in Calcutta, and in 1939, made his acting debut as Puran in the Punjabi feature film Puran Bhagat

Dewan started his film career with the role of Puran in Puran Bhagat in Punjabi in 1939 in Calcutta. It was produced by Raisaheb Sukhlal Karnani and directed by Roop K. Shorey’s father R. L. Shorey. His second film Mera Maahi (1941) was also a Punjabi film, directed by Shankar Mehta at Lahore and starring Ragini and Manorama. This was the movie in which he sang songs for the first time in the movies under the baton of legendary music director Shyam Sunder. Later, in Rattan, he sang for the first time in Hindi movies for Naushad. B R Chopra, then working as a film journalist in Lahore, helped Karan Dewan to get in touch with Devika Rani, who invited Dewan to come to Bombay. When this did not helpDewan get films, he taught “Urdu pronunciation to actors and actresses”.

In 1944, Karan Dewan acted in Rattan, a musical romantic drama, directed by M. Sadiq, which became one of the most popular films of that year. “A tremendous hit”, it paired Dewan with Swarnalata. His decisive film was Rattan (1944), which was produced by his brother Jaimini Diwan, and this movie had turned out to be the biggest hit of 1944. He also sang songs in this movie under music director Naushad, and his song “Jab Tum Hi Chale Pardes” became popular. He sang in films such as Piya Ghar Aaja (1947), Mitti Ke Khiloune (1948) and Lahore (1949). His other important films were Zeenat (1945), Lahore (1949), Dahej (1950), Bahar (1951) and Teen Batti Char Rasta (1953). Known as a “jubilee star”, about twenty of his films are stated to have been jubilee (twenty-five weeks or more) hits.

Dewan married co-actress Manju in 1944 following the release of Rattan, in which she had a character role. By 1966, he was working as a casting agent for the film unit of Maya (1966). He continued to work in the 1960s and 1970s playing supporting parts in films such as Apna Ghar (1960), Shaheed(1965), Jeene Ki Raah (1969) and Nadaan (1971), with the last film in which he was credited being Sohanlal Kanwar’s Atmaram (1979).

He worked in 73 films and sang 18 songs in 9 films. He worked with all leading actresses of his times,including Noorjehan and Nargis. At the end of his career, however, he was down financially and had to work as a Manager with B R Chopra’s company. When he died, except two workers of Cine artistes association, no one else from Film industry was present.

Ustad Alla Rakha aka A R Qureshi ( 29-4-1919 to 3-2-2000) gave music to this film. Having started only in 1943 with Mahasati Anusuya, film Ghar ki shobha-44 was his only the second film as an MD. So his music sounds fresh. After you hear today’s song, you will agree with me. He gave music to 40 films, composing 356 songs. He also sang 14 songs in 7 films.

In the cast of this film, there was one fading actor – Dixit, from the Dixit and Ghori pair of that era. The projected themselves on the lines of Laurel and Hardy…Hardy being our Dixit. Later, Yaqub and Gope triede to project their image as Laurel and Hardy and still later Johar and Majnu tried to copy Bob Hope and Bing Crosby of Hindi cinema ! Let’s take a look at Dixit and Ghory- a very popular comedy pair of early cinema.

Manohar Janardhan Dixit was born on 12-11-1906 at Sinner in Nashik district,Maharashtra (Bombay state at that time.) His comedy career started with silent film ‘Sparkling youth’-1930. His first day of work in a film was 14-11-1929. He did 3 more silent films with Navjivan Films and then joined Ranjit studio. Here he met his mate Nazir Ahmed Ghori,born on 11-8-1901 at Bombay.He was the senior of the two,having started in 1927. He worked till 1931 in silent films of various companies and then joined Ranjit studio in 1931 Here too he did 4 silent films.

He paired with Dixit first time in Char Chakram-1932,directed by Jayant Desai.The film was a terrific hit and the pair did many films together like, Bhutio mahal,Do badmash,Bhola shikar,Bhool bhulaiya,Vishwamohini,nadira etc. They worked together till 1947,doing solo films also in between. Unfortunately none of their films have survived and we know about their acting only through Photographs,interviews and articles. However Dixit’s solo films like Pehle aap-44,Jeevan yatra-46,Aap ki sewa mein-47 and Pugree-47 are still available.In film Pugree,his name was Ramu kaka and the very fat Dixit (222 pounds) carried the world’s smallest dog-Chikoo in the film.Later comedian Omprakash did this role in the remake of the film in Dil Daulat Duniya-1972.

Dixit acted in 66 Talkie films and 8 silent films in 17 years. He died on 29-6-1949 due to a massive heart attack. His partner Ghori migrated to Pakistan and did 8 films there till 1960, without much success. He died on 9-12-1977 at Karachi.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari. Note the type of music and tune. With this song, film Ghar ki Shobha-44 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Main duniya ki raani (Ghar Ki Shobha)(1944) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyrics- Roopbani, MD- Alla Rakha Qureshi
unknown male voice

Lyrics

Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
firti hoon mauj manaati
firti hoon mauj manaati
chhed chhaad se dil behlaati
chhed chhaad se dil behlaati
karti hoon main manmaani
karti hoon main manmaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

main ?? kheloon
saagar se geet bakheroon(?)
main ?? kheloon
saagar se geet bakheroon(?)
aazaadi ki deewaani
aazaadi ki deewaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

meri laila jaisi aankhen
meri laila jaisi aankhen
sab majnu ban kar jhaanken
sab majnu ban kar jhaanken
zulfen to mast jawaani
zulfen to mast jawaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

?? kar pankh hilaati
bhanwron ko paas bulaati
?? kar pankh hilaati
bhanwron ko paas bulaati
patthar dil kar doon paani
patthar dil kar doon paani
haay haay laila
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

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This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3944 Post No. : 15020

Mohammed Rafi : The Incomparable (II) – Song No. 11
———————————————————-
Songs of religious fervor are an integral part of hindi films. This was more prevalent upto 80’s, than I think the trend went downhill. In recent decades this type of songs have made a return in the mainstream film with spectacular bhajans and philosophical/religious flavor.

In Mohammed Rafi Sahab total output of around 5000 songs, I can guess this genre of bhajan/religious/philosophical/naats/qawwali’s accounts for 7-8 % . This is my conservative guess work, this might well turn out to be 10%.

I began this series ‘Mohammed Rafi: The incomparable ‘ with this song . In the revival of the series Part – II so far there was no such song. ‘A – Z of Rafi Songs” series also began with a bhajan .

The holy month of ‘Ramadhan’ is beginning tomorrow. This month is a period of ‘Barakah’ where the almighty’s blessings and sawaab for the believers ibaadat is manifold. I am not mentioning the “na’ymat” that the Allah (swt) has bestowed on the mortals for the worldly needs. The material things and luxuries that we all ask for and get from Allah (swt) are all “faani” (faani – will end one day) and are finite in nature. Allah’s Rehmat and the ability to give/forgive is limitless, infinite. It is our asking ability that is finite. If this simple thing is understood by us mortals, none of us will be jealous of each other. Jealousy is something which is always there among peers or people who are close/known to each other or in the same social circle. No one is ever jealous of the celebrities or those who are far away from us. People need to look far and beyond of their immediate circle’s to realize that God Almighty has so much to give and he has spread the blessings far and beyond. Than what one has to do is ask him to bless us too, becoz his capacity to give is so much far and beyond of what our imagination’s limits will take us. We can also ask him to give us far and beyond of where our imagination is able to imagine. See there is hope here and light at the end of the tunnel.

This is great motivational pitch for counseling people who are dejected due to any reason. If and when I encounter such people, I make it a point to tell them that look towards the whole mankind, how much God Almighty has blessed the people all over the world. People do seemingly impossible things, have achieved so much. Do you think all this happened without the will of God? So, what is your problem? So keep trying and ask of the Almighty. Have faith and trust that the Almighty has blessed the others and he will bless you too.

The song no. 11 I am presenting here is from the film Aalam Ara (1956). This would be the first remake of the first talkie film of India. The lyricist is Shewan Rizvi and the composer if A. R.Qurieshi. Mohammad Rafi Sahab is in element in this religious nazm and telling the story of a youg boy’s quest for the deeds that take him closer to ‘Imaan’ and to the eternal tranquility of heaven. This quest in exemplified in the boy’s wish to keep ‘Roza’ as an obedience and prayer. This story goes on to tell how the child insists on observing the fast and how the parents try to counsel him, thinking in their affection for him that he is too young. Then on to how the child is young and frail, falls down due to dizziness His heart stops beating and he dies.

The parents are both distraught and unable to bear the blow. Just than a ‘Faqeer’ comes to the door asking for food to break the fast. The faqeer is actually a farishta (angel) who has been sent by Allah (SWT) to rescue. This is divine intervention and the farishta keeps his hand on the boys chest and recites something. The child open his eyes and thus alive again. It’s a miracle, the boy and the parents are thus rewarded by the Almighty’s barakah and no harm comes to the believers and the steadfast.

It is said that the age of miracles is long over and there are no more miracles to be found in the present era. In the present context, this story would simply mean that the child’s heart had stopped and a few seconds or minutes later he was given first aid and the heart started beating and a life was thus saved. What is relevant and of utmost importance is the timely action of the faqeer in giving the necessary first aid to the child.

Similarly, may Allah(SWT) help us all in the times of need, this is a prayer. We all have seen several instances of such divine intervention, when help comes from unexpected source and our difficulty or problem is solved. People are known to have come out of dire situations in various strata of life. Even Maradona had a goal by “Hand of God”. 

The lesson here is to believe in the ‘Rehmat’ of Allah (SWT) and always treat each other with respect and love. Because we don’t know when and who are destined to be our ‘Rehmatkafarishta’.


Song-Karta Hai Ek Raavi Ye Dilsoz Ye Bayaan (Aalam Aara)(1956) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Shewan Rizvi, MD-A R Qureshi

Lyrics

karta hai ek raavi ye dilsoz ye bayaan
ramzaan ke mahine ki mash-hoor daastaan

mulk-e-yemen meinn ladka thha ek aatth saal kaa aa
charcha thha shehr shehr mein
jis ke jamaal ka aa

rozaa khudaa ke naam pe rakkhne ka shauq thha
ramzaan ka jo chaand nazar uss ko aa gayaa aa
kehne lagaa ye maan se ke rozaa rakkhoongaa main
mujh ko jagaana raat ko sehri karoongaa main

bachche ki baat ka na kiya maan ne kuchh khayaal
ladkaa jo subah uttha to uss ko huaa malaal
samjhaaya maan ne aye mere dilbar na kar malaal
rozaa nahin hai farz abhi tujhpe mere laal
maasoom dil pe thes lagi maan se yoon kahaa
ammi suno ye kehtaa hai Quraan mein khudaa aa
roze ki bhookh pyaas ka jo gham utthaayegaa
uss rozaadaar ko na jahannum jalaayegaa
quraan ka nuzool issi maah mein huaa
tauba qubool kartaa hai iss maah mein khudaa aa

al-qissa raat aayi to woh jaagta rahaa aa
kehna kisi ka kuchh na suna roza rakh liya
sehri wo karke so gayaaaur so ke jab utthaa
bete ka maatha choom ke maadar ne ye kahaa aa
rozaa na rakh sakegaa tu zid apni chhod de ea
de doongi apna rozaa tujhe rozaa tod de ea
ladka ye bolaa khaana main hargiz na khaaungaa
apne khudaa-e-paak ko kya munh dikhaaungaa
dopehar dhal ke asr ka jab waqt aa gayaa
paani begair pyaas se khushk ho gayaa galaa aa
seene mein saans ruk gayi chakkar sa aa gayaa
kamsin thha nazneen thha chakra ke gir padaa
harkat jo dil ki band hui aankh jhuk gayee
nabzen idhar rukin to udhar saans ruk gayee
maa ne kahaa pukaar ke maasoom chal diyaa
aftaar ki khushi se bhi mehroom chal diyaa
maan baap laash dekhte thhe apne laal ki
maiyyat padi thhi saamne ek aatth saal ki
aakhir ko rozaa kholne ka waqt aa gayaa
donon ne gham mein bete ke khaaya na kuchh piyaa

nagaah dar pe aa ke sawaali ne di sadaa aa
saayil ki shakl mein thha farishtaa khadaa huaa
aawaaz di ke le lo faqeeron ki tum duaa
main bhi hoon rozaadaar do Allah ke naam ka
jis dam suni faqeer ki donon ne ye sadaa aa
aftaar ko jo rakkhaa thha saayil ko de diyaa aa
saayil ne bheekh le ke kahaa maajra hai kya
maatam hai ghar mein kaisaa yeh mujh ko bhi do bataa aa
saayil ko apne saath pidarghar mein le gayaa
farzand ke janaaze ko laa kar dikhaa diyaa aa
bachche ki laash dekh ke saayil ne kuchh padhaa aa
seene pe haath rakh ke ye murde ko di sadaa aa
ae nanhe rozaadar tu ab rozaa khol le
ghamgeen maan khadi hai zara maan se bol le ae
jumbish labon pe hone lagi aankh khol di ee
bachche ko zinda dekh ke maadar lipat gayeeee
saayil ye keh ke aankhon se rooposh ho gayaa
bhejaa huaa main aaya thha parwardighar ka aa
thha imtihaan ka waqt museebat ki ye ghadi
jo usspe jaan dete hain marte nahin kabhi eeee
marte nahin kabhi …..


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3888 Post No. : 14919 Movie Count :

4074

Today (11 march 2019) finds myself out of my comfort zone, viz outside my base and away from the familiar routine. Today I am in Lucknow and I will be here for three days.

I thought that it is a capital city and so I would be blessed with good internet connection, namely high speed internet and wi fi, but that is not the case. So I am dependent on my dongle and I am thankful that at least this is working, even if slowly. I hope to at least ensure that my days here are not dot days as far as the blog is concerned.

Here is a song from “Dhanyawad”(1948). This remonstrating with the Almighty genre of song is sung by Meena Kapoor. Lyrics are by Sajjan (the character artist). Music is composed by A R Qureshy.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

With this song, “Dhanyawad”(1948) makes its debut in the blog.


Song-Main roti hoon tum hans rahe ho krishn muraari(Dhanywaad)(1948) Singer-Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Sajjan, MD-A R Qureshi

Lyrics

Main roti hoon tum hans rahe ho
krishn muraari
krishn muraari
Main roti hoon tum hans rahe ho
krishn muraari
krishn muraari
mitti mein mili jaati yahaan
duniya hamaari
krishn muraari
mitti mein mili jaati yahaan
duniya hamaari
krishn muraari

jholi meri khaali hai
aankhon mein andhera
jholi meri khaali hai
aankhon mein andhera
jab roothh gaye tum hi to phir
kaun hai mera
jab roothh gaye tum hi to phir
kaun hai mera
majhdhaar ki naiyya ko hai bas
aas tumhaari
aas tumhaari
aas tumhaari
Main roti hoon tum hans rahe ho
krishn muraari
krishn muraari
mitti mein mili jaati yahaan
duniya hamaari
krishn muraari

bhagwaan ho patthar na bano
ab na sataao
bhagwaan ho patthar na bano
ab na sataao
duniya basaane waale
meri bigdi banaao
duniya basaane waale
meri bigdi banaao
ro ro ke mari jaati hai
ye daasi tumhaari
krishn muraari
krishn muraari


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3657 Post No. : 14518

Today’s song is from an obscure film Kul kalank-45.

If one critically looks at the artistes’ mix in Hindi films from Talkie era beginning upto 1947, one would find that, if not a majority, a sizable number was of Muslim community. The 15 % section of Indian population was prominently present in the film world. Actors, actresses, directors, singers, Lyricists and Music directors… you name a department and they were there. In a way this community enriched the film and music by bringing Ghazals, Thumris etc into the Music and dance items like Mujra and qawalis became famous and popular part of the Hindi films.

After 1947, many Muslim artistes from almost all departments of film making migrated to Pakistan, making way for artistes who were waiting in the wings-so to say- to fill the void, in Indian film world. many Muslim artistes chose to stay in India. While many divided their families into both countries ( Rafi, Kardar, Mehboob etc), there were many who shifted Lock, stock and barrel to Pakistan.

Legends like Dilip, Meena Kumari, Mehboob, Naushad and Rafi etc stayed back and enriched the Indian film industry, beyond words. One of the major specialities of this industry was ( and is ) its Secular nature. While a team of Muslim Singer (Rafi), Muslim Lyricist (Shakeel) and a Muslim Composer (Naushad) gave us an evergreen Bhajan like “Man tadpat Hari darshan ko aaj (Baiju Baawra) “, a team of Hindu composer (CR), Hindu Lyricist (Shailendra) and a Hindu Singer ( Lata ) gave us a Devotional Naat “Duaa kar gham e dil, Khuda se duaa kar(Anarkali) “.

BOMBAY- the Mayanagari of films, attracted many aspirants from all over the country. One can understand, if those who wanted to make a successful career and become famous, flocked to Bombay, but sometimes even the famous ones with a bright career already in place, also were tempted to join this industry. Some names which come readily to mind are- Pt. Ravi Shankar, the International Sitar Maestro and a Bharat Ratna-1999. He became a Music Director and gave music to 5 films….Neechanagar and Dharti ke Lal-1946, Anuradha-60, Godaan-63 and Meera-79. The famous Sarod player Ali Akbar Khan gave music to 7 films. And then, the famous Tabla player All Rakha Khan Qureshi also had a stint in Hindi films. Today’s film Kul Kalank-45 had his music.

Ustad Allah Rakha, born as Allah Rakha Qureshi, was born in Jammu and Kashmir on 29-4-1919. He was an Indian tabla player, who popularised the art of tabla playing all over the world. Allah Rakha was born to a soldier, who later returned from the army and worked as a farmer after that to earn his bread and butter. Being the eldest of seven sons, his father did not expect him to learn music and opposed his idea of learning classical music.

Ustad Allah Rakha, as a young boy of 12 years, found the instrument fascinating while visiting his uncle in Gurdaspur. His inclination towards Indian classical music and the Performing Arts made him run away to Lahore for further learning, as he found little scope of learning the art-form in his home-town. Allah Rakha studied at the Punjab school of classical music (gharana) where he became a student of Ustad Mian Khadarbaksh Pakhawaji (Mian Quader Bakshi). He was trained to be a singer under Ustad Ashiq .

Allah Rakha was also associated to theater as he lived in Pathankot for sometime and worked for a theater company. In 1930, Allah Rakha worked at a radio station in Lahore. According to reports, he moved to Delhi after six years, in 1936, to work with All India Radio. In 1940, he moved to Bombay and worked with Pandit Ravi Shankar and again on All India Radio. He was the station’s first ever tabla solo player then. After which he even composed music for 40 Hindi films from 1943 to 1958. His first film as a MD was Mahasati Anusuya-43 and the last released film was Idd ka chaand-64. He even sang 14 songs in 7 films between 1942 to 1949

Ustad Allah Rakha had married twice. He was first married to Bavi Begum and had three sons, Zakir Hussain, Fazal Qureshi and Taufiq Qureshi and two daughters Khurshid Aulia née Qureshi and Razia. Razia served him in his later years and was like a constant companion to her father. She died after a routine cataract surgery and Allah Rakha could not cope with the shock of her death and immediately slipped into a coma and passed away within 24 hours on 3-2-2000.

Zakir Hussain is one of the most renowned tabla players of India.

Allah Rakha’s son Zakir Hussain grew up to be another legend in the country. Zakir Hussain has also been honoured with the Padma Shri in 1988 and the Padma Bhushan in 2002, by the Government of India. The honour that was bestowed upon his father by the Sangeet Natak Akademi came to him as well in 1990. Hussain has been working in films and on albums in India as well as abroad. Hussain owes his career to his father, who had made sure that he remained focused on the art-form.

Ustad Allah Rakha had established the Alla Rakha Institute of Music in Bombay in 1986 and imparted his knowledge of the instrument to all his disciples in the institute. Allah Rakha and sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar brought classical Hindustani music to Western audiences as well. He was honoured with the Padma Shri Award by the Government of India in 1977 for his contributions to elevate the reach of tabla playing as an art form across the globe. Later on, Sangeet Natak Akademi also honoured him.

Ustad Allah Rakha and sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar brought classical Hindustani music to Western audiences as well. Their partnership reached legendary heights with performances at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 and the Woodstock Festival in 1969. The two performed together in a lot many festivals and elevated the respect and popularity of tabla playing as an art form. Other than Pandit Ravi Shankar, he also worked with renowned Kathak dancers like Sitara Devi and Birju Maharaj.

Ustad Allah Rakha found fans not only in India but abroad as well. Reportedly, American percussionist, the Grateful Dead’s Mickey Hart, was his huge fan. Hart always tried to learn from him even from single visits that Ustad used to make to his country. Hart was also quoted saying, “Alla Rakha is the Einstein, the Picasso; he is the highest form of rhythmic development on this planet.”

Other than the Grateful Dead drummer, Mickey Hart, Ustad Allah Rakha inspired George Harrison from The Beatles as well. Both of them performed together for a Concert for Bangladesh in 1971. Mickey Hart also collaborated with him for Rolling Thunder in 1972. The picture we have here is of Hell’s Angels member Terry The Tramp with tabla player Ustad Alla Rakha as they were set to perform together at the Monterey International Pop Festival, June 17th, 1967. He had collaborated with many prominent rock groups.

While Ustad used to generally team up with Pandit Ravi Shankar for his performances, he once collaborated with jazz drummer Buddy Rich for an album, Rich à la Rakha in 1968. Some of his greatest works have been in the form of albums Improvisations, West Meets East, Album 3 (with Ravi Shankar, Yehudi Menuhin, Jean Pierre Rampel, Martine Gelliot), Angel (1976), Master Drummers with Zakir Hussain (1991), Tabla Duet, Chhanda Dhara (1994), Ultimate in Taal-vidya, Magnasound/OMI (1996),

The cast of film Kul Kalank-45 was Shanta Hublikar, Masood, Shehzadi, Maajid, Amirbai karnataki, Dulari, Protima Devi, W M Khan, Saroj Borkar etc etc. In this list we find names of Masood, Shehzadi and Majid, who are not well known to most people.

Masood Mohammed Ansari was born on 16-2-1921 at Lahore in a respectable family. After passing the Matriculation, he joined films with screen name Shyam, but as there were already 2 actors with that name, he retained his own name shortened to just Masood. He joined Bombay Talkies on a monthly salary, but even in one year, he did not get any role in a film, so he resigned.

He did small roles in Sitara and Gunehgar -39, but was noticed in Bahurani-40. Due to his good looks and personality, he got roles with leading ladies like Sitara, Swarnalata, Nurjehan, Mumtaz Shanti, Khurshid Jr. and Shamim. He acted in society-42,Aabroo-43,Naadan-43, Raahgir-43, Ishara-43, Nagad Narayan-43, Kul kalank-45, pujari-46, Nek parveen-46 and Bhanwar-47. he got married just before partition and migrated to Pakistan, with his family.

The other name we find is of Shehzadi. Now, there was another actress Shehzadi, who was the daughter of actress director and producer Fatima Begum and sister of Zubeida (Alam Ara) and Sultana. She had done films from 1926 to 1939 only. Zubeida and Sultana were married in 1936. She also got married and left films. Actress Shehzadi of film Kul Kalank-45 was different. She was born in Bombay and knew Urdu, Hindi, English, Gujarati and Marathi languages. She joined Bombay Talkies and her Debut film was Jhoola-41. In this film she did a dance and song item with Mumtaj Ali (father of Mehmood). The song was ” Main to Delhi se dulhan laaya re “. This became a hit song. She had learned Dancing before joining films. This came handy in films. She acted in 26 films from 1941 to 1947. In film ‘ Hanso hanso,aye duniyawalon’-42, she was Gope’s Heroine. In 1947, she started her own company Ratnakar productions and made a film ” Utho Jaago’ with Hero Ashiq Hussain. After Partition, she married the Hero and migrated to Pakistan.

The third name is Majid. His name was Abdul majid Syed. he was born at Farrukhabad in U.P. in 1915. His father was an Overseer. After matric in 1929, he started his business of Leather in Akola, Maharashtra. in 1935, actor, director and producer Nazeer of Hind pictures, introduced him to S.K.Daryani and he got a small role in Sher ka Panja-36 and Sangdil samaj-36. However, from film Bulldog-37, he got side roles and lead roles in films like Gentleman daku-37, insaaf-37, Rajkumari-38, Masterman-38, Zamana-38, Mud-40, Saubhagya-40, Swami-41, Swaminath-42, he also acted in more films like Najma-43, Babar-44 and Zeenat-45.

In all he did over 100 films till 1947. After Partition, he migrated to Pakistan with Nazeer and Swarnalata.

In film Kul kalank-45, there were 11 songs. Today’s song is a duet by Ameerbai karnataki and Rafi. Mind you, in 1945, Mohd. Rafi was still a new singer. Having started only in 1944, this song was just the 7th song in his career. from his style and voice itself, one can make out that this singer was a new one. That way, this is a rare song of Rafi and a song which is not easily available.

Film Kul Kalank was re-released as ” Jeewan Chhaya ” in 1946 again. Kul Kalank-45 makes a Debut on the Blog. Listen to Rafi’s rare song.
( Credits- A.I.Directory, pakfilms.com,, CITWF.com, Times of India back issue, HFGK, MuVyz, Flash back-Isak Mujawar, Asli Nakli Chehere-V.Pandya and my notes )


Song-Topiwaale babu ne dil chheena (Kul Kalank)(1945) Singers-Amirbai Karnataki, Rafi, Lyrics-Roopbani, MD-Alla Rakkha Qureshi
Both

Lyrics

Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
dil chheena re mora man chheena aa
dil chheena re mora man chheena
haay dil chheena re mora man chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena

tirchhi nazron se kar ke ishaara
tirchhi nazron se kar ke ishaara
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
dil chheena re mora man chheena aa
dil chheena re mora man chheena
haaye dil chheena re mora man chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
kaali zulfon ka de ke nazaara
kaali zulfon ka de ke nazaara
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena

o o o
bhari bajariya mein khenche chunariya aa aa
bhari bajariya mein khenche chunariya
khenche chunariya mera
haay raam
khenche chunariya mera
haay raam
khenche chunariya aa
maare sharam meri doobi najariya
maare sharam meri doobi najariya
maathhe pe aaya paseena aa aa
maathhe pe aaya paseenaa
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena

ho o o
bhari bajariya mein ghoonghat nikaale ae ae
bhari bajariya mein ghoonghat nikaale ae ae
chalti ho kyun tum aanchal sambhaale
chalti ho kyun tum aanchal sambhaale
dikhaati ho kyun apna seena aa
dikhaati ho kyun apna seena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena

topi waale baabu ne dil chheena
dil chheena
dil chheena


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3611 Post No. : 14401

It appears that Mohan Pictures, Bombay were on a spree to make movies begging with the word “Jaadui”. They had released three such movies in 1948 which went under titles like “Jaadui Shehnaai”, Jaadui Angoothhi”and “Jaadui Sindoor”. They were followed by “Jaadui Chitra” and “Jaadui Bansari”.

Advertisement given in magazines those days suggest that these movies were smashing the box office. 🙂 When I search for the songs of these movies, I find that not a single song from these “Jaadui ..” movies is showcased in the blog. In other words, the songs of these movies failed to make it big and they are not available all that easily.

“Jaadui Angoothhi”(1948) was directed by A M Khan. The movie had Husn Ara, Anil Kumar, Devraj, Kesari etc in it. This movie , a “musical thriller”, had 10 songs in it.

Here is the first song from “Jaadui Angoothhi”(1948) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Hamida Bano and A R Qureshi. Roopbani is the lyricist. Music is composed by A R Qureshi, who was none other than the famous tabla player All Rakkha Qureshi, father of another Tabla wizard Zakir Hussain.

Here is this lovely romantic song from “Jaadui Angoothhi”(1948). Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of the song.

With this song, “Jaadui Angoothhi”(1948) makes its debut in the blog.


Song-Hamaari gali aaya na karo (Jaadui Angoothhi)(1948) Singers-Hamida Bano, A R Qureshi, Lyrics-Roopbani, MD-A R Qureshi

Lyrics

Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo
baaman ke chhore
na gore na kaale
najariya na hamse ladaaya karo
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo

khidki mein aa kar chunariya hilaa kar
khidki mein aa kar chunariya hilaa kar
ishaaron se hamko bulaaya na karo
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo

chalte ho jab tum seena nikaale
chalte ho jab tum seena nikaale
dil mera kehta hai usko bulaa le
dil mera kehta hai usko bulaa le
aankhon se jaadoo chalaaya na karo
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo

chalti hai jab tum ghoonghat nikaale
chalti hai jab tum ghoonghat nikaale
uspe hain man mein laakhon uchhaale
maathe pe bindiya lagaaya na karo
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo

baaman ke chhore
na gore na kaale
najariya na hamse ladaaya karo
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo o o
Hamaari gali aaya na karo


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Alladin Laila”(1957) was produced by Mulkraj Bhakri and directed by Lekhraj Bhakri for Golden Movies, Bombay. This “imaginary” (kaalpnik) movie had Shakila, Mahipal, Heeralal, Maruti, Niranjan Sharma, Kammo, Krishna Kumari, Lalita Pawar, Sadiq, Nadir Mota, Tuntun, Kesri, Naazi, Kanchanmala, Saleem, Seemaab etc in it.

This movie had eight songs in it. One song has been covered in the past some si years ago.

Here is the second song from “Alladin Laila”(1957) to appear in the blog. This rare song is sung by Talat Mehmood and Sudha Malhotra, Kaif Irfani is the lyricist. Music is composed by A R qureshy.

Only audio of this song is available. i request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

I have not been able to get a word (or more) right in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-Ae gardish e zamaana kab tak ye gham sahenge(Alladin Laila)(1957) Singers-Talat Mehmood, Sudha Malhotra, Lyrics-Kaif Irfani, MD-A R Qureshy

Lyrics

ae gardish e zamaana
kab tak ye gham sahenge ae
ae gardish e zamaana
kab tak ye gham sahenge
wo din nahin rahe to o
wo din nahin rahe to
ye bhi nahin rahenge ae

ae gardish e zamaana
kab tak ye gham sahenge

ab kya bachegi duniya
ab hoga kya savera
kuchh soojhta nahin hai
chhaaya hai wo andhera
maayoos ho naa itna
hone ko hai savera aa
allah to le raha hai
yeh imtihaan tera
maalik pe rakh bharosa aa
maalik pe rakh bharosa
yeh tujhse hum kahenge ae
ae gardish e zamaana
kab tak ye gham sahenge

ab ek pal bhi jeena
mujhko nahin gawaara
ae maut tu kahaan hai
ab de mujhe sahaara
himmat se kaam le tu
aahen naa bhar khudaara
yeh keh raha hai tujhse
rahmat kaa ik ishaara
sab door hogi mushqil
sab door hogi mushqil
yeh din nahin rahenge

ae gardish e zamaana
kab tak ye gham sahenge
wo bhi nahin rahe to
ye bhi nahin rahenge

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

ए गर्दिश ए ज़माना
कब तक ये ग़म सहेंगे
ए गर्दिश ए ज़माना
कब तक ये ग़म सहेंगे
वो दिन नहीं रहे तो
वो दिन नहीं रहे तो
ये भी नहीं रहेंगे
ए गर्दिश ए ज़माना
कब तक ये ग़म सहेंगे

अब क्या बचेगी दुनिया
अब होगा क्या सवेरा
कुछ सूझता नहीं है
छाया है वो अंधेरा
मायूस हो ना इतना
होने को है सवेरा
अल्लाह तो ले रहा है
ये इम्तिहान तेरा
मालिक पे रख भरोसा
मालिक पे रख भरोसा
ये तुझ से हम कहेंगे
ए गर्दिश ए ज़माना
कब तक ये ग़म सहेंगे

अब एक पल भी जीना
मुझको नहीं गवारा
ए मौत तू कहाँ है
अब दे मुझे सहारा
हिम्मत से काम ले तू
आहें ना भर खुदारा
ये कह रहा है तुझसे
रहमत के इक इशारा
सब दूर होगी मुश्किल
सब दूर होगी मुश्किल
ये दिन नहीं रहेंगे
ए गर्दिश ए ज़माना
कब तक ये ग़म सहेंगे
वो भी नहीं रहे तो
ये भी नहीं रहेंगे


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Kismat Ka Sitaara”(1947) was directed by Nanubhai Vakil for Mohan Pictures, Bombay. This stunt movie had Prakash, amirbai Karnataki, Rafiq, Ansari, Kamal Rani, Devraj, Agha Shapur, Abdul Ghani, Shekh Asgar, Sheikh Burhan, C Sharma, Anees, Rukhsana, Rekha Pawar etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Wamiq Azra”(1946) was directed by Nazeer for Hind Pictures, Bombay. This movie had Swarnlata, Nazeer, M Ismail, Wazeer Mohammad Khan, Kusum Deshpade, Tasneem, Chacha Premi, Agha Peer Jaan etc i it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Perveen”(1957) was produced by Moghabhai Desai and directed by Nanubhai Vakeel for Desai Films, Bombay. This “social” movie had Chitra, Rehman, Mehmood, Akbar Jahaan, Kesari, Tuntun, Wazeer Mohammad Khan, Zebunnissa, Sadiq, Anwari, Bihari, Kanchanmala, Ajeet Kumar, Kishan Billa, Aggan, Devraj, Burhan, Pavan Kumar etc, with Minu Mumtaz in guest appearance.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

In Hindi films have a few commandments that are scrupulously followed by all movie makers.

The first commandment is:

1. There shall be song and dance.

As a blog dealing with songs, most of which are accompanied by dance, we can authentically claim to have vast experience and knowledge when it comes to talking about songs and dances in Hindi movies. 🙂
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 15100 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15125

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1172
Total Number of movies covered =4153

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