Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Ye dharti Hindustan ki

Posted on: January 26, 2012


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

Greetings to all Atulites on the celebration today, of the 63rd Republic Day of the Indian Union.

There is an interesting history and facts behind this date. After the massacre at the Jalianwala Bagh in 1919, the call for complete independence from the British rule strengthened, especially led by the veteran leaders such as Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Aurobindo Ghosh and Bipin Chandra Pal, who advocated explicit Indian independence from the Empire. On 26th Jan, 1930, the Indian National Congress adopted the Purna Swaraj declaration, i.e. complete independence for India.

Although India achieved independence on 15th Aug, 1947, it was still a nation with a Dominion status under the British Empire and King George VI was the head of the state. The country was still ruled as per the laws promulgated under the colonial Government of India Act 1935. The head of the government was still a Governor General (Lord Mountbatten), appointed by the British king. In 1948, C Rajagopalachari took over as the Governor General, and remained in that position till the first elected President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad took over as the President under the new constitution in 1950.

On 28th Aug, 1947, the Drafting Committee was set up under the leadership of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, to draft a permanent constitution for the country. The first draft of the constitution was submitted to the Constituent Assembly on 4th Nov, 1947. The 308 members of the assembly met in open public sessions for 166 days spread over more than two years, to debate and discuss the provisions of the constitution. The constitution was finally adopted by the assembly on 26th Nov, 1949. On 21st Jan, 1950, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the first President of the country, and took over the position as the head of the nation. The constitution that had already been approved and signed by the members of the Constituent Assembly, was officially adopted as the constitution for the nation, on 26th Jan, 1950, to honor the date of the Purna Swaraj declaration in 1930.

Republic Day celebration has been a part of the script in many Hindi films. This song celebrating the occasion, is from the 1968 film ‘Duniya’. The lyrics are by Neeraj, and the music composition is by Shankar Jaikishan. The singing voice is that of Asha Bhosle. On screen, this is presented as a stage performance by Vijayantimala and a group of dancers.

‘Duniya’ is social-romantic-murder mystery drama, produced under the banner of Times Films, Bombay, and is directed by T Prakash Rao. The star cast of the film includes Dev Anand, Vijayntimala, Balraj Sahni, Sulochana, Achla Sachdev, Suresh, Johnny Walker, Prem Chopra, Nana Palsikar, Lalita Pawar, Sapru, Madan Puri, Lakshmi Chhaayaa, Rashid Khan, Jagdish Raj, Jankidas, Mridula Rani, Prabhu Dayal, Lata Bose, Praveen Paul, Brahm Bhardwaj, Radhyeshyam, Aziz Kashmiri, etc. with uncredited appearances by Tuntun and Birbal. A very young Sachin plays the role of the child Amar (Dev Anand). The film has 6 songs, which are shared amongst three poets – Hasrat Jaipuri, Neeraj and SH Behari. Four of these songs are already posted on this blog.

The film is a mix of lost and found siblings / parents / children, with a murder mystery thrown in for good measure. Three kids in a village, Amar, Gopal and his sister Mala, start off as childhood friends, but soon the destiny takes them to separate paths. Then they grow up and meet once again, in the beginning unknown to each other. Amar (Dev Anand) and his mother Janki (Sulochana) are separate from Amar’s real father Ramnath (Balraj Sahni) who, after a period of time is remarried to Shobha (Achala Sachdev). Mala (grown up role played by Vijayantimala) is adopted by Shobha and Ramnath; Shobha is a cousin to Mala’s widowed mother Sharda (Mridula Rani). Gopal (grown up role played by Suresh) is notorious for petty theft in the village, and soon runs away from home. Mala’s mother passes away, Amar move to the city, where he studies to become a lawyer. His real father, Ramnath, is also a lawyer, at the post of a Public Prosecutor in the same city. Mala and Amar cross each other’s paths, and drawn to each other. A chance meeting once again back in the village reveals their true identities to each other, and they are now set on the path of love together.

James Bond of India 009 (Johnny Walker) is a private detective, and a close friend of Amar. Mala and Amar approach him to locate Gopal. In the meanwhile, another conspiracy is brewing in which Madan Puri and Jagdish Raj present Mohan (Prem Chopra) as the long lost son to Ramnath. He accepts the identity and announces the engagement of Mohan with Mala. It turns out that Mohan is also involved with the daughter (Lata Bose) of Girdharilal (Nana Palsikar), whom he spurns to take on the role of the long lost son. While the story is moving across so many threads, one night Mohan is murdered. The suspicion is first on Ram Singh, Mohan’s driver, who really is Gopal, working under an assumed name because the police is after him. With his identity revealed, Amar steps in to defend him. The suspicion then moves to Amar, because of his friendship with Mala, and then to Ramnath himself, in that he had discovered that Mohan was a fraud. The tale weaves through courtroom scenes and detective work, to finally locate the real murderer who turns out to be Nana Palsikar. With all hindrances out of the way now, there is a happy reunion of all the family, and happily ever after etc. etc.

Overall, the film is an entertaining fare, with a number of catchy songs including the hit duet “Dooriyaan Nazdeekiyaan Ban Gayeen, Ajab Ittefaaq Hai” .

This is a lively song with a topical message of national integration. The words and verses, written more than four decades ago, are sadly still so true. The time has continued to pass, but the calamities and the animosities continue to be the same. But also same is the line ‘na teri hai na meri hai, beti kisi kisaan ki’, which still touches a deep seated emotion inside. Enjoy and share the message.

tu kahe Maharasthra tera, wo kahe G mera
ek ka Punjab ghar hai, ek ka Madras dera
aag mein jalta Bihar, josh mein Bangaal hai
us taraf dekho ke sarhad par khadaa bhochaal hai

One says this Maharashtra, it belongs to him
Another says Gujarat, it belongs to him
Punjab is the home of another
And Madras is the abode of yet another
Bihar is in flames of strife
Bengal is up in arms
But see, over there on the borders
Tremors of terror are poised (to overrun this land)

mat karo tukde watan ke, mat bano phir se ghulaam
ek dil hum, ek lau hum, ik hamaari subh-o-shaam
rang kitne hi hamaare, ik magar tasveer hai
jo hamen baandhe, wo dhaagaa hai?
nahin, zanzeer hai

Pray, do not divide this nation again
Pray do not be salves yet again
One heart, one soul we are
The days and nights, they are the same for us
We are a single portrait, of many different colors
Is it a thread that binds us together?
Nay, it is a solid chain

ye dharti Hindustan ki
na meri hai, na teri hai
beti kisi kisaan ki

This blessed land of Hindustan
Does not belong to me or you
It is but
A daughter child of a farmer

Gujarati ya Sikh Marathi, Bangali ya Madrasi
job hi ho tum baad mein ho, pehle ho Bhaaratwaasi
Geeta ke mantron sang goonje aayat paak Qquraan ki

We may claim any statehood,
Gujarati, Marathi, Sikh, Bengali, Madrasi
But in fact, first we are Indians, before anything else
(This is the land where)
The readings of the Holy Quraan
Ring in the same air as the verses of Bhagwad Geeta

deta hai awaaz Himalaya, Ganga tumhe bulaati hai
tum wo hasti jisey dekh kar maut ko bhi maut aati hai
poojan karo watan ki mitti moorat hai Bhagwan ki

The frontiers of Himalayas
And the flowing waters of Ganga
Are calling out to you
The strength of your existence
Strikes a fear in death itself
Worship the dust of this land
This dust is the image of the One Almighty

dekho ghar ke hi chiraag se ghar mein aag na lag jaaye
aaj ajanta ke aangan mein chor na koi ghus paaye
ek bano bhar do daraar is toote huye makaan ki

Beware, be on guard
Lest the lamp that lights the home
May not set fire to it
Beware that no robbers enter
This garden of Ajanta
Let us stand united
Let us fill up and repair
All the fissures in this cracked house

Audio

Video

Song-Ye dharti Hindustan ki (Duniya)(1968) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Neeraj, MD-Shankar Jaikishan

Lyrics

tu kahe Maharashtra tera
wo kahe Gujarat mera
ek ka Punjab ghar hai
ek ka Madras dera
aag mein jalta Bihar
josh mein Bangaal hai
us taraf dekho
ke sarhad par
khadaa bhochaal hai

mat karo tukde watan ke
mat bano phir se ghulaam
ek dil hum
ek lau hum
ik hamaari subh-o-shaam
rang kitne hi hamaare
ik magar tasveer hai
jo hamen baandhe
wo dhaagaa hai?
nahin, zanzeer hai

ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindusta. . .aan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
na meri hai
na teri hai
beti kisi kisaan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki

Gujarati ya Sikh Marathi
Bangali ya Madrasi
jo bhi ho tum baad mein ho
pehle ho Bhaaratwaasi
Geeta ke mantron sang goonje
aayat paak Quraan ki
Geeta ke mantron sang goonje
aayat paak Quraan ki

ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
na meri hai
na teri hai
beti kisi kisaan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki

deta hai awaaz Himalaya
Ganga tumhe bulaati hai
tum wo hasti jisey dekh kar
maut ko bhi maut aati hai
poojan karo watan ki mitti
moorat hai Bhagwan ki
poojan karo watan ki mitti
moorat hai Bhagwan ki

ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
na meri hai
na teri hai
beti kisi kisaan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki

dekho ghar ke hi chiraag se
ghar mein aag na lag jaaye
Taaj Ajanta ke aangan mein
chor na koi ghus paaye
ek bano bhar do daraar
is toote huye makaan ki
ek bano bhar do daraar
is toote huye makaan ki

ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
na meri hai
na teri hai
beti kisi kisaan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
na meri hai
na teri hai
beti kisi kisaan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki
ye dharti Hindustan ki

1 Response to "Ye dharti Hindustan ki"

@ Sudhir ji – thanks a lot for this post. I think I listen this song for the first time here, may be this was not more popular comparing other songs from this movie.
the earlier link is not working, here is another link ; (BTW in most of the songs from this movie, the old links have become obsolete I think) (the link given below is as per lyrics given above)

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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