Advertisements

Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Bhagwaan ye de vardaan mujhe

Posted on: November 16, 2013


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This is a song from the film TULSI VIVAH-1971. It is sung by Asha ji under the baton of a tired and almost retired MD, C.Ramchandra.

TULSI VIVAH is an important religious event in many parts of India. Tulsi (Laxmi) weds Vishnu, in the period of 4 days, from Prabodhini Ekadashi-that is the 11th day of Kartika maas upto Tripurary Pournima, i.e. Full moon day(or night ?),according to Vikram Samvat, followed in western and southern India. As per the calender in the north, it is on the 11th day of the other half-a difference of 15 Tithis, usually. Accordingly, the celebrations have started on 14th November and will conclude on the 17th November, this year. That is why I selected this time for posting this song about Tulsi.

Tulsi is a common plant, but it has great religious and medicinal value. It is said that Tulsi or Vrinda( Brinda) is an Avatar of Laxmi ji. Tulsi leaves are regularly used in poojas.

When space was not a problem and houses were big enough, every house used to have a Tulsi Vrindavan in the foreground of every house. Tulsi plant always reminds me of this Sanskrit quotation- ” Atee parichayaat awadnya”, which has almost same meaning as the English phrase ” Intimacy breeds contempt”. The plant is so common that it is taken for granted and all people forget about its medicinal and Religious importance.

There are many stories about Tulsi and her marriage to Lord Vishnu. Visnu pooja is not complete without Tulsi leaves (like Satyanarayan pooja), and Krishna pooja is not complete without the krishna Tulsi (a dark brown variety) offered to Him.

Now a question may arise in the minds of some readers as to why 4 days for marriage ?

In older times marriages were a social event more that being a personal one. Usually the Girl and the Boy were from different villages/towns. To get acquainted with each other well enough, many socio-religious programmes were arranged between the two families. Additionally, the ladies used to need 1 day for ‘ Choodies ” for all ladies(except the widows).

I remember ,in my childhood (about 65-70 years ago), every marriage used to be a 5 day affair. Those days, Time was not scarce at all. The Boy side relatives used to go to the Girl’s village, atleast 3-4 days in advance. They would be accommodated on the border of the town, may be at some Temple or a big empty house. On one evening there used to be a function called ” Seemant Poojan”,in which all the relatives from both sides were introduced to each others . Like,Girl’s chachas and Boys chachas,then mamas.mausies,brothers etc etc. It took quite some time embracing each jodi and applying Kumkum on the forehead,so that he is not repeated. ‘Seemant ” actually meant end of seema(Border) of villages and begining of new relations between the 2 families. The actual marriage rituals used to be spread over 2 days and thus the Total function was about 4-5 day’s programme.

If you consider Today’s marriages, they too spread over few days like 1 day sangeet, 1 day Mehendi, 1 day marriage and 1 day reception. Forget about the Bachelor’s last night parties. So quantitatively there are no changes ,only qualitatively they have got renamed, Yes.

The story of Tulsi and her Vivah has many shades and variations, but I liked the one given on Wiki. I have adapted and edited it for our readers-

Tulsi Vivah is the ceremonial marriage of the Tulsi plant (holy basil) to the Hindu god Vishnu or his Avatar Krishna. This ceremony can be performed any time between Prabodhini Ekadashi – the eleventh lunar day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu month Kartik to the full moon of the month (Kartik Poornima) but usually it is performed on the eleventh or the twelfth lunar day. The day varies from region to region. The Tulsi wedding signifies the end of the monsoon and the beginning of the Hindu wedding season.

Tulsi is venerated as a goddess in Hinduism and sometimes considered a wife of god Vishnu. She is often called as Vishnupriya, the beloved of Vishnu. The legend behind Tulsi Vivah and its rites are told in the scripture Padma Purana.

According to Hindu scripture, the Tulsi plant was a woman named Vrinda (Brinda), a synonym of Tulsi. She was married to the demon-king Jalandhar. Due to her piety and devotion to Vishnu, her husband became invincible. Even god Shiva, the destroyer in the Hindu Trinity could not defeat Jalandhar. So Shiva requested Vishnu – the preserver in the Trinity – to find a solution. Vishnu disguised himself as Jalandhar and violated Vrinda. Her chastity destroyed, Jalandhar was killed by Shiva. Vrinda cursed Vishnu to become black in colour and he would be separated from his wife. Thus, he was transformed into the black Shaligram stone and in hisRama avatar, his wife Sita was kidnapped by a demon-king and thus separated from him. Vrinda then drowned herself in the ocean. Eventually Jalandhar was killed by Shiva.

The gods or Vishnu transferred her soul to a plant, henceforth which was called as Tulsi. As per a blessing by Vishnu to marry Vrinda in her next birth, Vishnu in form of Shaligram – married Tulsi on Prabodhini Ekadashi. To commemorate this event, the ceremony of Tulsi Vivah is performed.

Another minor legend narrates that Lakshmi – the chief consort of Vishnu – slew a demon on this day and remained on earth as the Tulsi plant.
The marriage of Tulsi with Vishnu/Krishna resembles the traditional Hindu wedding.This ceremony is conducted at homes and also at temples. A fast is observed on the Tulsi Vivah day till evening when the ceremony begins. A mandap (marriage booth) is built around the courtyard of the house where the Tulsi plant is planted. The Tulsi plant is usually planted in centre of the courtyard in a brick plaster called Tulsi vrindavana. It is believed that the soul of Vrinda resides in the plant at night and leaves in the morning. The bride Tulsi is clothed with a sari and ornaments including earrings and necklaces. A human paper face with a bindi and nose-ring – may be attached to Tulsi. The groom is a brass image or picture of Vishnu or Krishna or sometimesBalarama or more frequently the Shaligram stone – the symbol of Vishnu. The image is clothed in a dhoti. Both Vishnu and Tulsi are bathed and decorated with flowers and garlands before the wedding. The couple is linked with a cotton thread (mala) in the ceremony.

In Maharashtra, an important ritual in the ceremony is when the white cloth is held between the bride and the groom and the priest recites the Mangal Ashtaka mantras. These mantras formally complete the wedding. Rice mixed with vermilion is showered by the attendees on Tulsi and Vishnu at the end of the recitation of the mantras with the word “Savadhan” (literally “be careful” implying “You are united now”. The white curtain is also removed. The attendees clap signifying approval to the wedding. Vishnu is offered sandalwood-paste, men’s clothing and the sacred thread. The bride is offered saris, turmeric, vermilion and a wedding necklace called Mangal-sutra, worn by married women. Sweets and food cooked for an actual wedding are cooked for Tulsi Vivah too. This ceremony is mostly performed by women. The prasad of sugar-cane, coconut chips, fruits and groundnut is distributed to devotees.The expenses of the wedding are usually borne by a daughter-less couple, who act as the parents of Tulsi in the ritual wedding. The giving away of the daughter Tulsi (kanyadaan) to Krishna is considered meritorious to the couple. The bridal offerings to Tulsi are given to a Brahmin priest or female ascetics after the ceremony.In two Rama temples in Saurashtra, the ceremony is more elaborate. An invitation card is sent to the groom’s temple by the bride’s temple. On Prabodhini Ekadashi, a barat bridal procession ofLalji – an image of Vishnu – sets off to the bride’s temple. Lalji is placed in a palanquin and accompanied by singing and dancing devotees. The barat is welcomed on the outskirts of Tulsi’s village and the ceremonial marriage is carried at the temple. At the bride’s side, Tulsi is planted in an earthen pot for the ceremony. People desirous of children perform Kanyadaan from Tulsi’s side acting as her parents. Bhajans are sung throughout the night and in the morning the barat of Lalji returns to their village with Tulsi. (Thanks to Wiki).

Film Tulsi Vivah-1971 was produced by Tulsi Films,Bombay and was directed by Chandrakant. The music was by C.Ramchandra. The Lyricist was kavi Pradeep and the cast was, Dara Singh,Jayashree Gadkar,Randhava,Abhi Bhattacharya,Geetanjali,Anita Guha,Rajan haksar,etc.
The story was-
Rajkumari Vrunda ( Jayashree Gadkar) lives in a palatial home with her mom and dad. One day while hunting she is molested by thugs, and Samrat Jalandhar (Randhava) comes to her aid. He rescues her and accompanies her to her parents’ home and asks them for her hand in marriage, to which they agree. The marriage takes place with great pomp and ceremony. After the marriage their life is virtually perfect. Then one day, Jalandhar gets a visit from a Sage who tells him that there is war going between the Devas (Gods) and Danavs (Demons), and that Bhagwan Vishnu (Abhi Bhattacharya) has been siding with the Devas. Curious to find out more, Jalandhar journeys to his father, Sagar (Ocean), who tells that he had attempted to make peace between the Devas and the Danavs by offering them sweet nectar of life, but Bhagwan Vishnu had taken the shape of a beautiful woman, Mohini, and made sure that only the Devas got the nectar. Jalandhar is angered at this, and declares war against Bhagwan Vishnu and the Devas. Vrunda begs him not to go, as Vishnu is all powerful. When he insists on going, she prays to the Gods and puts a flowered garland (full of blessings) around his neck to ensure his safety. Jalandhar defeats Indra Dev and comes home victorious, along with Indraloks apsaras (beautiful women) and Indrani herself. The enraged Devas appeal to Bhagwan Vishnu, who agrees to do battle with Jalandhar, but again Jalandhar triumphs, and thus becomes Bhagwan Jalandhar. The worried Devas approach Bhagwan Shiv ( Dara Singh), who refuses to get involved in any war with anyone. In the meantime, Jalandhar gets angry with Vrunda for worshiping Vishnu and cuts her tongue off so as to prevent her from praying. She goes to pray to Vishnu, and he reinstates her tongue. This angers Jalandhar all the more, and in penance Vrunda blinds herself, and is placed in a dungeon surrounded by a wall of fire. Jalandhar now wants the most beautiful woman in the world, and he is told that there is no one more beautiful than Bhagwan Shiva’s wife, Parvati ( Geetanjali). He accordingly sends word for Parvati to come to him. This angers Shiv and he goes to battle Jalandhar. Once again Jalandhar triumphs, and is all set to have Parvati for his own. Parvati and the other Devas now approach Bhagwan Shri Brahma for a solution. In the meantime, Vrunda regains her eyesight, and to her delight finds that Jalandhar has changed, and they spend a lot of time together. Days later, the severed head of Jalandhar comes into their palace, and accuses Vrunda of infidelity. Vrunda is astounded as she has always been true to her husband, but then there was the severed head floating in the air, and there was her husband standing next to her. She soon finds out that the person standing next to her is Bhagwan Vishnu who had assumed the form of Jalandhar, the real Jalandhar had been defeated by Bhagwan Shiv in battle, and his head severed from his body. Now Bhagwan Vishnu and the Devas have to content with Vrunda’s wrath – and she curses Vishnu to become of stone for pulling wool over her eyes. Vishnu becomes Black Shaligram. Vrinda immolates her. She is blessed by Lord Vishnu that he will marry her in her next Birth. Thus Brinda or Tulsi is married to Shaligram on every Prabodhini Ekadashi in Kartik Maas.

Here is a song from this film which is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Pradeep is the lyricist and music is composed by C Ramchandra. The song is picturised on Jayshree Gadkar.


Song-Bhagwaan ye de vardaan mujhe (Tulsi Vivaah)(1971) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Pradeep, MD-C Ramchandra

Lyrics

Bhagwaan ye de vardaan mujhe
har saans mein tera naam rahe
Bhagwaan ye de vardaan mujhe
har saans mein tera naam rahe
jab tak jeewan sangraam rahe
tera dhyaan subah aur shaam rahe

dhan daulat ki mujhe chaah nahin ee ee
yash vaibhav ki parwaah nahin
dhan daulat ki mujhe chaah nahin ee ee
yash vaibhav ki parwaah nahin
maangoon sukh ki bhi raah nahin
Maangoon to bas itna mangoon
is janam ka shubh parinaam rahe
jab tak jeewan sangraam rahe
tera dhyaan subah aur shaam rahe

sat dharam ka path ho path mera
sewa aur tyaag ho vrat mera
sat dharam ka path ho path mera
sewa aur tyaag ho vrat mera
tere paanv mein ho teerath mera
sukh dham tere hi charnon mein
din raat mera vishraam rahe
jab tak jeewan sangraam rahe
tera dhyaan subaah aur shaam rahe
Bhagwan ye de wardaan mujhe
har saans mein tera naam rahe
Bhagwaan

Advertisements

6 Responses to "Bhagwaan ye de vardaan mujhe"

Arun ji,

A fabulous article, and a wonderful description of the history, the legends and the cultural details about this important festival.

Sir, you continue to outdo yourself. I simply love your series on the Spiritual Souls of India, and now today, you have presented us with such a detailed writeup, which contains such a load of information – it is just amazing.

Thank you for your effort to continue to document and bring such essential compilations of information to the blog.

‘Tulsi Vivah’ is also a well known celebration in North India. On this day, there are special celebtrations in all temples and in most of them, the wedding ceremony of Tulsa ji and Saligram ji is very formally conducted. During these five days, the vegetable shops in the market place very conspicuously display sugar cane – one of the two or three occasions that one sees this item in the shops.

To add one bit – ‘Prabodhini Ekadasi’ is also called by the name ‘Dev Uthni Ekadasi’ – the day when the Gods awaken from sleep. And of course, that starts off the wedding season for the mortals. 🙂

My sincere regards to you, for preparing and sharing such articles for us.

Thank you and thank you again,

Rgds
Sudhir

Sudhir ji,
Thank you very much for your kind words.
Thanks also for the additional information about Tulsi Vivah in the Northern states.
Actually I should have included one more point in this article that in Maharashtra,Diwali Celebrations continue till the Tulsi Vivah Celebrations are concluded on Tripurari Pournima-17th Nov,this year. Even the Lamps and crackers continue till this day. These 4 days are called DEV DIWALI (God’s Deepawali).
This Blog is serving as an exchange point for cultural, religious,Historical,Mythological and general information,indeed.
-AD

Beautiful song with simple, nice melody and meaningful lyrics, which express the essence of ‘ananya bhakti’. thanks for this upload.

Nanjappa ji,
I am happy that you liked it.
-AD

Dear Arun ji, Every time you choose to put pen to paper(metaphorically of course) it is treat for me to say the least!

Warm Regards,

Umesh

Thank you,Umesh ji.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Advertisements

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2018) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14789

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1153
Total Number of movies covered =4044

Total visits so far

  • 11,078,734 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,650 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Current Visitors

Archives

Stumble

visitors whereabouts

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory

blogadda

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

Advertisements
%d bloggers like this: