Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Suvarna chandra bhaal hai

Posted on: February 26, 2014

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this bog. This article is meant to be posted in If this article appears in sites like and etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

When one talks of Lord Shiva, one is thinking about Mahadev, Parvati, Kartikeya and Ganesha. Very few people know about MANASA DEVI, who is supposed to be the daughter of Mahadev. Manasa Devi is quite a well known name of a Deity who is worshipped in Bengal and North East part of India.

Mangalkavyas, written in Bangla during the 13th and 18th centuries, describes the origin of Mansa Devi. There is a mention of Manasa Devi in Saam Veda also. ‘Devi Bhagavatam’ from south describes many aspects of Manasa Devi. She has 12 names- Manasa devi, Karupriya, Jagadgauri, Sidha yogini, Vaishnavi, Shaivi, Naageshwari, Jaratkarupriya, Naag Bhagini, Astikmata, Vish hari and Maha jnanayuta.

In Bengal and North East, it is believed that Manasa Devi is the sister of Vasuki, the King of Naagas, wife of sage Jaratkaru and mother of Agasti, who saved all Naagas from King Janamejaya’s Sarpa-Yadnya.

She is worshipped in the form of a Cactus and always in the open, lest snakes invade the house.

Manasa Devi is a symbol of Bad temper and unhappiness due to rejection of Father (Shiva) and hatred of step mother Parvati. In some Puranas, like Shiv Puran, she is also called the daughter of sage Kashap and mata kadru.

In Greek mythology also there is a mention of a Goddess Ma Na Sa devi.

There is a hugh Manasa Devi Temple in Haridwar and one is in Panchkula, near Chandigadh, besides the Eastern India states.

When this film SHIV KANYA-1954, first came to cinemas, I was perplexed as I did not know Mahadev had any daughter. That time, my father explained to me about Manasa Devi. Later on I read about her in some books too. This is what is written in ” Hindu Mythology-Gods and Godesses “, by Acharya Shyam Purohit…

” Ma Manasa Devi, the snake goddess, is worshipped by Hindus, mainly for the prevention and cure of snakebites and infectious diseases like smallpox and chicken pox as well as for prosperity and fertility. She stands for both ‘destruction’ and ‘regeneration’, almost akin to a snake shedding its skin and being reborn.

The idol of the goddess is depicted as a graceful lady with her body, adorned with snakes and sitting on a lotus or standing on a snake, under a hooded canopy of seven cobras. She is often seen as ‘the one-eyed goddess’, and sometimes portrayed with her son Astika on her lap.

Also known as ‘Nagini,’ the female serpentine avatar or ‘Vishahara,’ the goddess who annihilates poison, Manasa, in the Hindu mythology, is believed to be the daughter of sage Kasyapa and Kadru, the sister of the serpent-king Sesha. She is the sister of Vasuki, king of Nagas and wife of sage Jagatkaru. A simplified version of the myth regards Manasa as the daughter of Lord Shiva. Legends have it that she was rejected by her father Shiva and husband Jagatk?ru, and hated by her stepmother, Chandi, who scooped out one of Manasa’s eyes. So, she appears to be foul-tempered, and benevolent only towards her devotees.

Manasa, due to her mixed parentage, is denied full godhead. Ancient Hindu legends in the Puranas, narrate the story of the birth of this powerful serpentine goddess. Sage Kashyapa created goddess Manasa from his ‘mana,’ or mind, so she could control the reptiles that were creating havoc on earth and Lord Brahma made her the presiding deity of snakes. It is believed that Lord Krishna granted her divine status and she established herself in the pantheon of gods.

During the monsoon season, Goddess Manasa is worshiped, mainly in the eastern Indian states of Bengal, Assam, Jharkand, and Orissa, throughout the months of June, July and August (Ashar – Shravan), a time when the snakes leave their nesting ground and come out into the open and become active. In Bangladesh, the Manasa and Ashtanaag Puja is a month-long affair spanning July and August. Devotees pay obeisance to goddess Manasa and perform various ‘pujas’ or rituals to appease her. Special ‘murtis’ or statues of the goddess are sculpted, various sacrifices made, and prayers chanted. In some places, worshippers are seen to pierce their bodies, poisonous snakes are displayed on the altar, and live shows depicting the life and legends of Manasa Devi are performed. “

And this is what ” Hindu Daivat in India” by Shrinivas Potdar says….. ” Manasa Devi is also known as the snake Goddess who is worshipped mainly in Bengal and other North-Eastern states of India. It is believed that Goddess Manasa is the one who controls all the snakes on Earth and a snake bite can be cured by worshipping Her. People also worship Goddess Manasa for fertility and prosperity. According to the legends Goddess Manasa is the daughter of Lord Shiva. However some scriptures suggest that She was the daughter of Sage Kashyapa and is distantly related to Shiva. She is the sister of Vasuki and wife to Sage Jaratkaru. Due to the confusion in Her parentage, Goddess Manasa has been denied the position which other deities enjoy. Hence, She is an extremely furious Goddess for those who refuse to worship Her while extremely kind to those who worship Her with devotion. ”

I purposely chose a Bhajan from this film, so that our Readers too know about Manasa Devi. The film Shiv Kanya was made by Chandrakala Pics,Bombay. It was produced by Ravji bhai Patel and Sharad Desai. The director was Dhirubhai Desai.

Dhirubhai Desai was a Hindi and Gujarati film director. he was born in Kaliawadi,near Navsari, Gujarat,in 1908.he started at Sharda studios in 1927 by assisting A.P.Kapoor. He completed Gujarati film’ Maya no Rang’,which was left unfinished by P.V.Chavan and Sunderrao Nadkarni, when Bhogilal Dave took over his United Pics Syndicate in 1929.His early work was in silent films of action, in Sharada and later with Indulal Yagnik.

He also worked with Saroj films of nanubhai Desai. In 1933, he set up his own studio-Vishnu Cinetone and made Suryakumari-1933 with natwar Shyam Manyar and Chaturbhai Patel. Later he owned Chandrakala pics also. After 1940 he directed mainly B grade Mythological films,usually remakes of his silent films.He was one of the few silent film makers,who had a long career in Hindi and Gujarati films. he died in 1990. he had directed 17 silent films and 46 Talkie films in Hindi and Gujarati. Some of his notable Hindi films are Dilli ka Thug-35,fashionable wife,Bhakata Prahlad-46,bhakta Pundalik,Oonchi Haveli,Saranga-60,Kailashpati,Badrinath Yatra and Sampoorna Teerth Yatra etc.

The film’s music was by Manna Dey. It had 8 songs in it. The cast consisted of Trilok Kapoor, Nirupa Roy,Lalita Pawar,Niranjan Sharma, Anjali Devi etc. The story was…

Lord Shiv visits Lord Bramhdev once. Bramha is enjoying the Veena Vaadan of his daughter Saraswati. Seeing this Shiva becomes emotional with a thought of having a daughter for himself and one of his tears falls on a blooming Lotus. It gives birth to Manasa Devi,Shiva’s daughter.

At the time of Amrit Manthan,Mahadev drank the ‘Halahal’ (extreme poison),to save the world,but he falls unconscious. That time Nagaas from Naag Lok came to his rescue and sipped poison from his body,thus becoming poisonous themselves. however,due to this the Human race started killing them. to avoid their massacre the nagaas took shelter in pataal lok. Shiv sent his daughter Manasa as their chief and to protect them. everyone started worshipping her.

Chandradhar,king of Champaknagar was a devotee of Mahadev and parvati and did not worship Manasa devi and also insulted her. All the nagaas attacked Champaknagar and killed Chandradhar’s 6 married sons. The remaining son Laxmendra married Vipula-who had ablessing for marital bliss from jagdamba. mansa Devi ordered his killing too. Vipula prayed to jagdamba for 6 months,after which she decided to immolate herself with the body of her husband and die . jagdamba was moved with her devotion and brought back her husband. Shiv ji blessed Manasa Devi that she will be eternally worshipped by mankind.

Here is a Bhajan from film SHIV KANYA -1954, sung by Asha Bhosle with chorus. The lyricist is Bharat Vyas and music is by Manna Dey….

Song-Suvarna Chandra Bhaal hai (Shiv Kanya)(1954) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Manna Dey
Unknown male voice
Unknown male voice + Chorus
Male chorus
All chorus


om namah shivaay
om namah shivaay

om namah shivaay
om namah shivaay
om namah shivaay

suvarna chandra bhaal hai
har har mahadev
galey mein rund maal hai
har har mahadev
rami hui hai bhasma jinke
ang me viraajte hai
gauri jinke sang mein
har har mahadev
har har mahadev

ye netra teesra hai
jismein donon hi asar
ye maar bhi sakey hamen ubaar bhi sakey
bhagwaan bholenaath ka niraala roop hai
sanhaar bhi sakey hamen ubaar bhi sakey
jai jai jai pralayankar
ye devta vishaal hai
har har mahadev
kati mein mrug ki chhaal hai
har har mahadev
magan rahe jo bhang ki tarang mein virajti hai
gauri jinke sang mein
har har mahadev
har har mahadev

daya mein deen bandhu hain
kripa ke sindhu hain
swabhaav ke hain shaantanu
gagan mein indu hain
dukh se bhare huye dukhi sansaar ke liye
bhagwaan bholenath bhi aadhar bindu hain
jai jai jai aprampar
ye tej kunj jwaal hai
har har mahadev
vidharmiyon ke kaal hain
har har mahadev
range huye hain naath apne rang mein
virajti hai gauri jinke sang mein
har har mahadev
har har mahadev

shiv om
shiv om
shiv om
shiv om
shivhari shankar gaurisham
vande gangadharmesham
shivhari shankar gaurisham
vande gangadharmesham

rudram pashupati nishanam kalaiyekashi purnathan
rudram pashupati nishanam kalaiye kashi purnathan
shivhari shankar gaurisham
vande gangadharmesham
shivhari shankar gaurisham
vande gangadharmesham

shiv om
shiv om
shiv om
shiv om
shiv om
shiv om
shiv om
shiv om


8 Responses to "Suvarna chandra bhaal hai"

A thoroughly researched article like pure 24 karat gold.


Thanks for this informative post Sir !!

(I remember childhood days and reading ‘Chandoba/Chandamama’ and the stories therein presented with the ‘mythological character pictures’)
(‘Sheetla Maata’ is also worshipped to cure chicken pox/small pox?)


What Atulji calls you is really true.(encyclopedia). So many unknown things I read for the first time.Thank you very much. One little thing to note. Agasti and Astik are not the same. Agasti or Agastya was supposedly born in a pitcher ( kumbh) and drank the sea in one AACHAMAN and later released it …Asteek (आस्तीक and not आस्तिक,the believer in God) was the son of Jaratkaru and Manasadevi.
This has nothing to do with the text, but I sincerely feel that whatever comes in our blog should be perfect.
BTW once you have mentioned about 33 koti Gods.This koti is not crore, but class.They are 8 Vasu,11 Rudra, 12 Aditya, 1 Indra and 1 Prajapati. I still cannot believe that you don’t know it.
Pl excuse me if I overdo something.

D Samant

Samant ji,
Thanks for your valued comments.
The number of 33 crores was used in my writing to emphasize the exaggeration most people do. I have also said in that article that it can not be true and all this has to be taken as only Symbolic.many people do believe that there are 33 crore Gods in Holy Cow’s stomach. However,you must be knowing that Swatantryaveer Sawarkar had stressed that ” Cow is an useful animal (Upyukt prani) and can be eaten,if needed.There are no Gods in her stomach.”
I am very much aware that Astik and Agasti are different .
Appreciative comments from knowledeable people are not only soothing but also encouraging.
Thanks,once again.

Samant ji,
I forgot to mention that I am fully in the knowledge that 33 are the Types of Gods (again symbolic) as explained in details in Brihadaranyak Upnishad-the Shathpath bramhanya and in Atharva veda also.

Here is the video of the song.
Atul ji, kindly replace the non working video

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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