Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Ae mere watan pyaare watan

Posted on: August 15, 2014


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Greetings to all on the anniversary of India’s independence.

When the British Rule ended in India sixty seven years ago, the entire nation of India was not yet free of the foreign rule, by other alien invaders. There were two pockets of colonies one the east and west coasts which were still under alien control. On the east coast, it was the enclaves of Pondicherry, Karaikkal, Mahe and Yanam that were under the French control, and on the west coast, there were the areas of Goa, Daman, Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli that were under the control of the Portuguese rule. The movement of the liberation of these colonies had been underway even as the freedom struggle was in progress against the British. However, liberation to these colonies held by the French and the Portuguese did not come for more than a decade and half later.

The process in the French colonies was more political in nature. After facing the protests and the representations from the people of these colonies, and of the people of India, the French government acceded to take the referendum route for self determination by the people. The first round of this referendum held in 1948, was intensely rigged, and the results were in favor of the French government. Although the French continued their hold and control over these territories, the protests by the people started to mount, after the recognition of the obvious fact of rigging of the referendum. Over a period of five years thereafter, a transition occurred, and a majority of the local councilors and mayors, earlier in favor of the French rule, veered towards a merger with India. Then in 1954, another referendum was held which returned the results overwhelmingly in favor of merger with India. In 1956, a treaty of cession was signed between France and India. It took another six years before the French Parliament ratified this treaty in 1962. And finally on 1st July, 1963, the French territories became an integral part of India.

The story of Goa and its sister enclaves on the west coast is very different. Portugal and its government decided to take a very strong stand to continue their rule over these territories. The history of the liberation of Goa is more intense and violent in comparison. The Portuguese Government continued to challenge the logic of history and world evolution by expressing its determination to have their hold on what was recognized by all as purely Indian territory, inhabited by Indians. It simply refused to discuss the transfer of their settlements in India to the Republic of India. Even International opinion failed to move the Portuguese Government. India, who was in favor of a peaceful settlement, had maintained a delegation in Lisbon up to 1953, and also made efforts through the United Nations. These efforts, however, failed to evoke a response from the Portuguese regime.

Meanwhile, on the ground, a popular public moved for freedom had already taken roots long before 1947. Many groups, both political as well as revolutionary, were formed within Goa. These political parties and revolutionaries got anchor support from the people of mainland india, especially from the neighboring states of Maharashtra and Karnataka (then known as the state of Mysore). The Portuguese rulers came down very heavily on the protestors. There were open firing on peaceful demonstrations, and many leaders were arrested and deported to Portugal.

In July / August 1954, the United Front of Goans with the help of volunteers from the National Movement Liberation Organisation, an umbrella organization involving revolutionary groups Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and Azad Gomantak Dal, led an attack on Dadra and the nearby Nagar Haveli, and liberated it. This success added momentum to the movement in Goa. On 15th August 1954, hundreds of protestors from the Indian side, crossed into the Portuguese held territories, and hoisted the Indian national flag. Many died in the firing by the Portuguese army. The Indian government, which had been somewhat reticent so far, under pressure from the western powers, now came out with a policy of open support to the freedom movement in Goa. The period from 1955 to 1961 saw escalation in the protests by the people, as well as efforts for political solutions with the help of the international community. Finally in August 1961, the government of India announced its preparations for an army takeover of Goa, if all other avenues failed. Finally in December 1961, the Indian Army marched into Goa, and in an operation that lasted just two days, forced the Portuguese governor to sign an instrument of surrender.

The final onslaught may have been the army’s prerogative, but the people’s struggle that lasted more than half a century, is a tale that is no less important to be told. After the event of liberation in December 1961, this struggle for the liberation of Goa became a topic featured in a few films in Indian cinema. The films ‘Johar Mehmood in Goa’ and ‘Tu Hi Meri Zindagi’ came in 1965, and in 1969, came the film ‘Saat Hindustani’ by Khwaja Ahmed Abbaas.

‘Tu Hi Meri Zindagi’ is a film produced by S Mukherjee under his banner of ‘Filmalaya’. I recall some very early discussions about this film – that the title of the film led many to the theatres thinking this to be a romantic love story. Love story it indeed turns out to be, but of a very different type.

The story revolves around Rocky, the last surviving heir to a Goan family that has been dedicated to the cause of liberation for three generations. Almost all members of this family have laid down their lives in this struggle. Rocky’s grandmother takes away the infant child after his mother passes away in childbirth, and tries to raise him, away from the influences of the movement for freedom. But of course, destiny has its ways to reach out to the protagonist, and bring him into the required circumstances. Rocky was born to be a freedom fighter, and the circumstances would lead him to it. His beloved, Maria, loses her life as results of the atrocities of the Portuguese army men. Rocky turns berserk and kills the perpetrators. He is on the run, and in this sequence of events he is drawn into the revolutionary movement. Circumstances lead him to identify himself as the keeper of his family’s legacy and ideals of Goa’s freedom. He lays down his life, but in the process inspires and influences the intensification of the movement that finally destroys the foundations of the foreign rule.

The title role of Rocky is performed by Deb Mukherjee. The film is directed by Rono Deb Mukherjee, who is also the music director of this film. The songs are penned by Neeraj and Raja Mehdi Ali Khan. This particular song is written by Neeraj. In the film, this song appears as the title song, and is played as the credits are rolling on the screen. The credits presentation is punctuated with clips of a group of ‘satyagrahis’ (demonstrators) led by Rocky, moving towards the barricades erected by the Portuguese army. In this march we can also see Gajanan Jagirdar and Nivedita, leading the protestors along with Rocky

A song, that is sung by Mohammed Rafi, is a reminder and a remembrance of all the great and noble souls who dared the might of the alien powers. They walked that path on which the ultimate sacrifice was the only fruit for their labor of love for the nation. On this day, as we celebrate the anniversary of freedom, I pay my tributes to all the unnamed and unsung men and women of this country, who fought this battle of freedom, but their names do not appear anywhere in the history as we read it. My salutations and dedications to these warriors, who did not remain to enjoy the breath of freedom.

May their memory be everlasting.

Audio – Part I

Audio – Part II

Song-Ae mere watan pyaare watan (Tu Hi Meri Zindagi)(1965) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Yogesh, MD-Ronodeb Mukherji
Chorus

Lyrics

————————–
Part I
————————–
ae mere watan
mere pyaare watan
tu hi meri zindagi
ho oo oo
tu hi meri zindagi
aa aa aa aa aa aaa
aaa aaaa aaaa aaaaa
aaaaa aaaaa aaaa aaa aaaa
aaaaa aaaaaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aaaa
sar par mukut himalay ka hai
seena tera vindyachal
sar par mukut himalay ka hai
seena tera vindyachal

baalon mein bangaal ki badly
aankhon mein hai gangajal
baalon mein bangaal ki badly
aankhon mein hai gangajal

dil gulab ke gumche jaisa
mukhda tera taj mahal
dil gulab ke gumche jaisa
mukhda tera taj mahal

tu karwat badle to mach jaaye
saare jag mein hulchul
ae mere watan
ae mere watan
mere pyaare watan
mere pyaare watan
tu hi meri zindagi
ho oo oo tu hi meri zindagi

ek haath mein Geeta tere
dooje haath Quraan hai
ek haath mein Geeta tere
dooje haath Quraan hai

Holi hansi khushi Deewaali
Eid teri muskaan hai
Holi hansi khushi Deewaali
Eid teri muskaan hai

mazhab tera pyaar sachaai
aan aur imaan hai
mazhab tera pyaar sachaai
aan aur imaan hai

dushman tak ko gale lagaaye
tu aisa insaan hai
ae mere watan
ae mere watan
mere pyaare watan
mere pyaare watan
tu hi meri zindagi
ho oo oo tu hi meri zindagi

Buddh ne teri kuti banaai
Akbar ne seencha hai vann
Buddh ne teri kuti banaai
Akbar ne seencha hai vann

Krshn ne tujhko bansi saunpi
Tulsi ne di Ramaayan
Krshn ne tujhko bansi saunpi
Tulsi ne di Ramaayan

Gandhi aur Subhaash ne tera
kiya lahoo se hai vandan
Gandhi aur Subhaash ne tera
kiya lahoo se hai vandan

teri azaadi ki khaatir
hum baandhenge sheesh kafan
ae mere watan
ae mere watan
mere pyaare watan
mere pyaare watan
tu hi meri zindagi
ho oo oo tu hi meri zindagi

—————————————–
Part II
—————————————–
haath kat jaaye
tiranga phir bhi lehraata rahe
haath kat jaaye
tiranga phir bhi lehraata rahe

sar kalam ho jaayega
jee phir bhi muskaata rahe
sar kalam ho jaayega
jee phir bhi muskaata rahe

apna har naara falak se
jaa ke takraata rahe
apna har naara falak se
jaa ke takraata rahe

zindagi thukraao
ab to maut se naata rahe. . ae. .ae. .ae
ae mere watan
ae mere watan
mere pyaare watan
mere pyaare watan
tu hi meri zindagi
ho oo oo tu hi meri zindagi
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaaa
aaaaaaaaa aaaaa aaaa aaaaaa
aaaaa aaaaaa aaaa aaaaaaa
aaaa aaaaa aaaaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaa

ye shaheedon ki zameen
ye soormaaon ka watan
ye shaheedon ki zameen
ye soormaaon ka watan

goliyaan seene pe kha lenaa
rahaa apna chalan
goliyaan seene pe kha lenaa
rahaa apna chalan

muskuraa kar hum ko
khud maaon ne baandhe hain kafan
muskuraa kar hum ko
khud maaon ne baandhe hain kafan

teri khaatir hum ulat denge
ye dharti ye gagan
ae mere watan
ae mere watan
mere pyaare watan
mere pyaare watan
tu hi meri zindagi
ho oo oo tu hi meri zindagi
ho oo oo tu hi meri zindagi

——————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
——————————————-
भाग १
—————————————-

ए मेरे वतन
मेरे प्यारे वतन
तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी
हो ओ ओ तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी
आ आ आ आ आ आss
आs आsss आsss आssss
आsss आsss आss आs आss
आsss आssssssssss आss आss आss

सर पर मुकुट हिमालय का है
सीना तेरा विंध्याचल
सर पर मुकुट हिमालय का है
सीना तेरा विंध्याचल

बालों में बंगाल की बदली
आँखों में है गंगा जल
बालों में बंगाल की बदली
आँखों में है गंगा जल

दिल गुलाब के गुमचे जैसा
मुखड़ा तेरा ताज महल
दिल गुलाब के गुमचे जैसा
मुखड़ा तेरा ताज महल

तू करवट बदले तो मच जाये
सारे जग में हलचल
ए मेरे वतन
ए मेरे वतन
मेरे प्यारे वतन
मेरे प्यारे वतन
तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी
हो ओ ओ तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी

एक हाथ में गीता तेरे
दूजे हाथ क़ुरान है
एक हाथ में गीता तेरे
दूजे हाथ क़ुरान है

होली हंसी खुशी दिवाली
ईद तेरी मुस्कान है
होली हंसी खुशी दिवाली
ईद तेरी मुस्कान है

मज़हब तेरा प्यार सच्चाई
आन और ईमान है
मज़हब तेरा प्यार सच्चाई
आन और ईमान है

दुश्मन तक को गले लगाए
तू ऐसा इंसान है
ए मेरे वतन
ए मेरे वतन
मेरे प्यारे वतन
मेरे प्यारे वतन
तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी
हो ओ ओ तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी

बुद्ध ने तेरी कुटी बनाई
अकबर ने सींचा है वन
बुद्ध ने तेरी कुटी बनाई
अकबर ने सींचा है वन

कृष्ण ने तुझको बंसी सौंपी
तुलसी ने दी रामायण
कृष्ण ने तुझको बंसी सौंपी
तुलसी ने दी रामायण

गांधी और सुभाष ने तेरा
किया लहू से है वंदन
गांधी और सुभाष ने तेरा
किया लहू से है वंदन

तेरी आज़ादी की खातिर
हम बांधेंगे शीश कफ़न
ए मेरे वतन
ए मेरे वतन
मेरे प्यारे वतन
मेरे प्यारे वतन
तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी
हो ओ ओ तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी
————————–
भाग २
————————–
हाथ कट जाये
तिरंगा फिर भी लहराता रहे
हाथ कट जाये
तिरंगा फिर भी लहराता रहे

सर कलाम हो जाएगा
जी फिर भी मुस्काता रहे
सर कलाम हो जाएगा
जी फिर भी मुस्काता रहे

अपना हर नारा फ़लक से
जा के टकराता रहे
अपना हर नारा फ़लक से
जा के टकराता रहे

ज़िंदगी ठुकराओ
अब तो मौत से नाता रहे॰ ॰ए॰ ॰ए॰ ॰ए
ए मेरे वतन
ए मेरे वतन
मेरे प्यारे वतन
मेरे प्यारे वतन
तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी
हो ओ ओ तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी
आss आss आss आssssssss
आsssssss आsss आss आssss
आsss आssss आss आsssss
आss आsss आssss आsss आssssss

ये शहीदों की ज़मीन
ये सूरमाओं का वतन
ये शहीदों की ज़मीन
ये सूरमाओं का वतन

गोलियां सीने पे खा लेना
रहा अपना चलन
गोलियां सीने पे खा लेना
रहा अपना चलन

मुस्कुरा कर हमको खुद
माओं ने बांधे हैं कफन
मुस्कुरा कर हमको खुद
माओं ने बांधे हैं कफन

तेरी खातिर हम उलट देंगे
ये धरती ये गगन
ए मेरे वतन
ए मेरे वतन
मेरे प्यारे वतन
मेरे प्यारे वतन
तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी
हो ओ ओ तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी
हो ओ ओ तू ही मेरी ज़िंदगी

9 Responses to "Ae mere watan pyaare watan"

Thanks for such a good trivie but I am bit confused that you mentioned that this particular song written by Neeraj and at end in song details song writer name is Yogesh. Could U clarify please.

Like

It is by Neeraj. That was an inadvertent error.

Like

The lyrics of this song also reminds me of ‘taakat watan ki hamse hain’ from Prem Pujaari, also by Neeraj ji !!

Like

“शहीदों की चिताओं पर जुड़ेंगे हर बरस मेले
वतन पर मरनेवालों का यही बाक़ी निशाँ होगा “

Like

Second Version:

Like

Thanks Bluefire ji,

I have now included this second part also in the lyrics above.

Rgds
Sudhir

Like

Sudhir sab nice blog … Just enquiring was Deb Mukharjee brother of Joy Mukharjee?…

Like

Shekhar ji

Very much so. Deb and Joy are brothers, sons of S Mukherjee, the owner of Filmalya. There is one more brother, Shomu Mukherjee, who is married to Tanuja.

Rgds
Sudhir

Like

Sudhirji

Thanks for that . Shomu Mukharjee too.

Shekhar Vaishnav

Like

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