Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Jisne banaa di baansuri geet usi ke gaaye jaa

Posted on: September 30, 2015


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Milan-46, made by Bombay Talkies. It was the First film of Director Nitin Bose as a Director for Bombay Talkies. Later he made many more films for them.

Nitin Bose, who started his career as an assistant Cameraman in films, became Cinematographer in the newly established New Theatres, Calcutta and later graduated to be a Director- when Debki Bose left New Theatres temporarily in 1934, to make ‘Seeta’ for East India Film Company. His first film was the remake of Bangla Film Chandidas-32 as Hindi film Chandidas-34. Nitin Bose was not just a Director, he was screenplay writer, story writer and Cinematographer as well.

During his time, there was a trend of making films in two Languages- Local language as well as Hindi. Thus, in Bengal it was Bangla and Hindi and in Bombay it was either Marathi or Gujarati and Hindi. These were necessarily remakes of the original, but never a dubbed film. By the early 50s, this trend disappeared as Marathi, Gujarati or Bangla regional markets grew considerably. However, it was picked up by the south and remakes of Hit films in Tamil or Telugu into Hindi flourished for almost a decade or so. Dubbed versions too became a practice.

In the 30s and the 40s, Nitin Bose’s name was associated in perhaps the maximum number of remakes of Bangla films into Hindi as a Director. His remade films were Chandidas-34, Dhoop chhaon-35, President or Badi Bahen-37, Dharati Mata-1940, Dushman-1940, Lagan-41, Kashinath-43, Paraya Dhan-43, Milan-46 and Mashal-50.

Nitin Bose, one of the notable film personalities of his time was born on 26th April 1897. He was an Indian film director, cinematographer and screenwriter of film industry. He was born in Calcutta. In the late era of 1930, he worked with New Theatres, who made bilingual movies. The films were in both Bengali Language and Hindi Language. Later, he moved to Bombay and directed under the banners of Bombay Talkies and Filmistan.

Nitin Bose was son of Bengali industrialist Hemendra Mohan Bose and Mrinalini Devi. Mrinalini Devi was sister of one of the famous Bengali writer Upendrakishore Ray Chaudhary, who was father of poet Sukumar Ray. Nitin Bose had a great interest in nature and creative photography from his childhood. His father, who was a keen photographer himself, nourished his son’s interest in the same.

Nitin Bose’s first venture in film direction was a documentary film on Belgian Emperor’s visit to India in the year 1921. Nitin Bose started his film career as a cinematographer in 1926 in the movie Punarjanma. His debut as a cinematographer under the New Theatres Banner was in the movie “Devdas” in the year 1928. He was cinematographer of the only film directed by Rabindranath Tagore, “Natir Puja” (1932), which was based on a dance-drama composed by Tagore himself.

Nitin Bose worked closely with director Debaki Bose, but then Debaki Bose temporarily left New Theatres to Madan Theatres for making Sita (1934). At this time, producer of New Theatres, B. N. Sircar asked Nitin Bose to venture into film direction. Bose started with remaking of Debaki Bose’s “Chandidas” in Hindi (1934). It was a film based on Baru Chandidas.

In the year 1935, he made a film called Bhagya Chakra which was the first Indian film to use playback singing. The singers were K C Dey, Parul Ghosh and Suprabha Sarkar. The movie was remade in Hindi with the title Dhoop Chhaon, which was the first Hindi film to use playback singing.

During the making of “Kashinath” (1943), Nitin Bose had a misunderstanding with B N Sircar. After completion of the film, he did not go back to New Theatres, with which he was associated since it was established in 1931. Eventually, Bose moved to Bombay and after that B. N Sircar closed New Theatres. His first film with Bombay Talkies was Milan-46,in which Diip Kumar was the Hero. Later it was remade in Bangla as Naukadubi-47. His next film Drishtidan (1948), in Bangla, introduced Uttam Kumar, who later became grand icon of Bengali Cinema.

In 1960s, Nitin Bose directed a number of movies under the banner of Filmistan. Ganga Jamuna (1961), directed by Bose, is considered one of the blockbusters of Indian Cinema. He did several cinemas like Buker Bijha (1930), Daku Mansur (1934), Didi (1937), Jiban Maran (1938), Dushman (1938), Dharti Mata (1938), Mujrim (1944), Mashaal (1950), Deedar (1951), Waris (1954), Jogajog (1958), Ummeed (1962), Nartakee (1963), Dooj Ka Chand (1964), Hum Kahan Ja Rahe Hain (1966) and many other films. He did cinematography in quite number of films like Dena Paona, Yahudi Ki Ladki, Didi, Desher Mati, Parichay and many others. He wrote a number of screen plays like Bhagya Chakra, Kashinath, Badi Bahen, Jiban Maran, Dharti Mata, Rajrani Meera and many other films.

Nitin Bose directed Hindi films in New Theatres,Calcutta and about 20 films in Bombay.

Nitin Bose was awarded Certificate of Merit for Second Best Feature Film Pyaar Ki Pyaas. After that he received Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1977.

Nitin Bose passed away on April 14, 1986.
( Adapted and edited from Indiannetizen,with thanks.)

Film Milan-46 was Nitin’s first film with Bombay Talkies. He had already worked for Filmistan-for Mazdoor-1945. Filmistan and Bombay Talkies both had Bangla Management and Bangla artistes, so he was absolutely at home here. Dilip kumar, who had debuted with jwaar Bhata-44 was still a novice and had not yet become famous. He got on very well with Nitin Bose and learnt many things from him. Later, in an interview, Dilip had admitted Nitin’s contribution in his development as an actor. In 1946, Dilip had no habit of interfering in anybody’s work during the shooting. He got that habit when he became famous and No 1 actor. He dabbled and interfered in directors and Music director’s work frequently. When Nitin Bose was the Director for his film Ganga Jamna-61, Dilip was a Master of interference and Nitin Bose had to quietly sit on his chair helplessly observing Dilip do his work !

Film Milan-1946 was based on Rabindranath Tagore’s novel Nauka Doobi, published in 1925. This story was a favourite of Producers. Nauka Doobi was made into Bangla Films in 1932,1947,1979 and 2011. Hindi versions came in as Milan-1946, Ghoonghat-1960 and Kashmakash-2011.

The cast of film Milan-46 was Dilip Kumar, Meera Mishra, Ranjana, Pahadi Sanyal, Shyam Laha, S.Nazir, Moni Chatterjee etc. The story is-

The story is set in 1905. Ramesh (Dilip Kumar) is studying law in Calcutta and has just appeared for his final exams. He is a friend and neighbour of Jogen who is also studying law. Jogen (Shyam Laha) lives with his father Annada Babu (Moni Chatterjee) and sister Hemnalini (Ranjana). Ramesh and Hemnalini are fond of each other and Ramesh visits their house most days for tea. Their association is disliked by another friend Akshay (Pahadi Sanyal) who also likes Hemnalini.

Ramesh has been asked to come back to his village for the holidays by his father but is dissuaded from going by Hemnalini. Ramesh’s father Braja Mohan (K. P. Mukherjee) is from the priestly caste and lives in the village. He receives an anonymous letter stating that his son is involved with the neighbour’s daughter who comes from a tradesman caste and that he spends his entire time there. Braja Mohan goes to the city and brings Ramesh back with him to the village. He has arranged Ramesh’s wedding with a poor widow’s daughter. Ramesh tries to convince his father about his involvement with Hemnalini. His father after satisfying himself that Ramesh has as yet not committed himself to Hemnalini prevails upon Ramesh to marry Sushila because of the promise he had given to the girl’s mother. There is a storm at night when the wedding party from the groom’s side is returning to their village by boat. During the crossing the boat capsizes. Nearly all on the boat are drowned including Ramesh’s father and Ramesh appears to be the only one to survive. He sees a woman in bridal dress lying unconscious on the bank. He brings her to his village but soon understands that this is a case of mistaken identity. She continuously checks him when he calls her Sushila and tells him her name is Kamala ( Meera Mishra). He realises there was another bridal procession and their boat too had capsized.

After the formalities of his father’s funeral service Ramesh decides to take Kamala to Calcutta. He finds out about her only living relative, an uncle, and writes to him. A letter arrives telling him of the death of Kamala’s uncle but the sender has mentioned the husband’s name and profession. His name is Nalin and he’s a doctor. Ramesh starts searching for Dr. Nalin. He has made no mention of his marriage to Hemnalini or her family nor told anyone regarding the mistaken identity of his supposed bride to avoid any embarrassment to the girl.

On arrival in Calcutta, Ramesh suggests that Kamala get an education. After allaying her apprehension regarding her age he admits her in a girl’s boarding school in the same city. Akshay’s sister also studies in the same school and through her Akshay gets to know the truth about Ramesh’s marriage. In the evening he questions Ramesh in front of Hemnalini. Ramesh deflects the question and asks Hem to trust him. Preparations are on at Annada’s house for the wedding of Hemnalini and Ramesh. Their wedding is set for the coming Sunday but Ramesh is asked by the principal to take Kamala home for the weekend. Ramesh postpones the wedding and brings Kamala back from school. Akshay brings Jogen to Ramesh’s house where they see Kamala and on being questioned Ramesh keeps silent. Hemnalini goes into a state of shock when she’s told about Ramesh’s wife.

Her father takes her to Kashi to recuperate. Ramesh decides to leave Calcutta and he takes Kamala with him to Ghazipur. Kamala reads the letter Ramesh has written to Hem explaining the entire situation and mentioning Kamala’s husband’s name. She finally recognises the truth about her and Ramesh’s situation. She decides to kill herself and leaves the house. She is rescued and comes under Nalin’s mother’s care. She realises that Nalin is her husband but finds out that Hem and he are to be betrothed. However, Nalin is not happy about the betrothal as he refuses to believe that Kamala is dead and wants to wait a while longer. Finally the truth comes out and she’s accepted by her husband and his mother while Ramesh and Hemnalini get back together.

Music was by Anil Biswas. Lyrics were by Arzoo Lucknowi and P L Santoshi. The film had 8 songs. Today’s song will be the 4th song from this movie to appear in the blog. The song is ‘Jisne bana di Bansuri, Geet usi ke gaaye jaa’. After hearing this song, I feltthat I have heard this tune somewhere else also, but I am unable to place it correctly. If any reader finds that similar song, please inform here. The lyricist for this song was Arzoo Lucknowi. He had written a book of Ghazals, titled “Sun le Bansuri”. The first Ghazal in this book is this song. The book was in pure Hindi and did not use any Arabic or Farsi word.

Now enjoy the song by Parul Ghosh and listen carefully for similar tune…


Song-Jisne bana di baansuri geet usi ke gaaye jaa (Milan)(1946) Singer-Parul Ghosh, Lyrics-Aarzoo Lucknowi, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

jisne bana di baansuri
geet usi ke gaaye ja
jisne bana di baansuri ee
geet usi ke gaaye ja
saans jahaan tak aaye jaaye
ek hi dhun bajaaye ja
jisne bana di baansuri

ae meri dab dabayi aankh
dekh bandhi rahe ye ghaat(?)
ae meri dab dabaayi aankh
dekh bandhi rahe ye ghaat(?)
wo bhi lagaaye jaaye aag
tu bhi lagi bujhaaye jaa
wo bhi lagaaye jaaye aag
tu bhi lagi bujhaaye jaa
jisne bana di baansuri

maan li kisne apni haar
badh ke thakan bataayegi
main yoonhi tadap jaaunga
tu yoonhi muskuraaye ja
main yoonhi tadap jaaunga
tu yoonhi muskuraaye ja
jisne bana di baansuri
geet usi ke gaaye ja
jisne bana di baansuri

4 Responses to "Jisne banaa di baansuri geet usi ke gaaye jaa"

Nitin Bose can be credited to have groomed the two icons Uttam and Dilip Kumar.
In fact he is also credited to un-groomed Dilip Kumar’s hair!! Hang on. In a boat scene Dilip’s hair used to fall over his forehead due to the wind. Much as he tried to sweep it back; it did not help. However Bose liked the hair style which became his standard practice.

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Remotely families tune you are trying to find is probably Saigal’s ” Jeeneka Dhung Seekhaye Jaa “

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“Ghaat” is correct, meaning ‘continue to keep a watch’.

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Dilipkumar got name,fame and ‘Paisa’ when he lived in India ,had he been gone to Pakistan like other good artistes of Bombay filmdom perhaps in few years time his sun of acting would have set early, so it did happen to other artistes who migrated to Pakistan.
It was also rumoured that he and Mehboob Khan secretly visited Pakistan after partition to see prospects of his future in acting. just like
A R Kardar,he came back and died in Bombay.
Dilipkumar had toyed considerably his acting skills watching
old Holywood movies in Bombay’s Metro/New Empire cinema in matinees shows in his early career,this was referred in biography by Film journalist Bunny Ruben.

It also rumoured that his interference of film story-line and film production had been tolerated because of his some Bombay’s Goondas/Mawali connections in those days.
Anyway,his stardom is still intact, let him enjoy his rest of days of his long
life.

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