Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Kaan mein baaliyaan jhoomar waaliyaan

Posted on: November 20, 2016


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

A few days back, I had mentioned in one of my articles in the Blog that I regard 1940s as the transitional phase for Hindi film music which paved the way for the arrival of the golden period of Hindi film music in 1950s and 1960s. The music director who triggered the ‘renaissance’ period of the 1940s in Hindi film music was Master Ghulam Haider. His song compositions in ‘Khazaanchi’ (1941) revolutionised Hindi film music. One of the popular songs from the film Saawan ke nazaare hain (Khazaanchi) was a trend setter not only for Hindi film music but also for the picturisation of the song.

However, it was not roses all the way for Ghulam Haider (1908-1953) when he started he ambarked on his musical journey as a music composer. After working for a year or so in 1932 as a harmonium player in Calcutta’s New Alfred Theatres, he came back to Lahore in 1933 and joined the newly set up Jien O Phone Recording Company as its music composer. During his employment, he composed many non-filmy songs both in Punjabi and Hindi/Urdu. It is during this period that he discovered Umrao Zia Begum whom he later married and Shamshad Begum who rose to become one of the prominent playback singers in Hindi films during 1940s and early 50s.

Ghulam Haider got his first break as a music director in A R Kardar’s ‘Swarg Ki Seedi’ (1935). In the same year, he also got an opportunity to compose songs for Roop K Shorey’s ‘Majnu’ (1935). However, both these films did not give fillip to his filmy career. In the next three years, Ghulam Haider was busy in composing non-filmy songs and also at his dentistry work which he had studied after the completion of his schooling. Generally, in Hindi film industry, once an artist is forgotten, he has very little chance to make a successful comeback in the same vocation.

It is often said in respect of film industry that to be successful in any filmy career, luck factor, apart from one’s accomplishment in his field, also counts. Ghulam Haider was lucky that he was spotted by Dalsukh Pancholi who had visited his clinic to get a medicine to cure his severe tooth ache. He found it strange to see a harmonium in his clinic. During his spare time in the clinic, Ghulam Haider used to play harmonium to compose tunes. He played one of his tunes on harmonium for Dalsukh Pancholi. Impressed with his compositions, Dalsukh Pancholi immediately employed him in his studio on a monthly salary of Rs.150/- and gave him the opportunity to compose songs for his first film ‘Gul-E- Bakavali’ (1938) in Punjabi. The film was a runaway success mainly for its enchanting songs. [The incidence was quoted in ‘Hindi Film songs – Music Beyond Boundaries’ by Ashok Da Ranade].

Pancholi’s subsequent Punjabi films, ‘Yamla Jat’ (1940) and ‘Chaudhary’ (1941) also became very successful mainly due to the popularity of songs composed by Ghulam Haider for these films. With three successful Punjabi films, Dalsukh Pancholi planned his first Hindi film ‘Khazaanchi’ (1941) for which he once again engaged Ghulam Haider as the music director. The supper success of ‘Khazaanchi’ (1941) followed by a hat trick of super box office hits of ‘Khandaan’ (1942), ‘Zameendaar’ (1942) and ‘Poonji’ (1943) was mainly attributed to the music direction of Ghulam Haider who churned out popular songs blending classical raag-based tunes with Punjabi folk music.

With his popularity soaring to a new height, Ghulam Haider shifted his base from Lahore to Bombay (Mumbai) sometime in 1944. During his career in Bombay (1944-48), he was associated with some of the big banners films like Filmistan’s ‘Chal Chal Re Naujawaan’ (1944), ‘Shaheed’ (1948) and ‘Majboor’ (1948), Mehboob Productions’ ‘Humayun’ (1945) and Minerva Movietone’s ‘Shama’ (1946) and ‘Majhdhaar’ (1947). In all, Ghulam Haider composed songs for 24 Hindi/Urdu films in India comprising around 190 songs during his career from 1935 to 1953.

At the time of partition in 1947, Ghulam Haider was one of the top Bombay-based music directors. It is said that after partition, he would have stayed back in Bombay as he was in great demand. However, almost all of his musicians migrated to Pakistan after partition. This factor coupled with the prospect of opportunity of creating a niche for him during the start-up of Pakistani film industry probably weighed in his mind while going back to Lahore in 1948. However, he continued to visit India to complete the films which he had signed up during 1947-48.

In Pakistan, he could not get the kind of success in his film music as he got in India probably because Pakistani film industry was in nascent stages of development. I personally liked his song compositions in Pakistani films ‘Beqaraar’ (1950) and ‘Gulnaar’ (1953) which was his last film in Pakistan released just a month before his death in November 9, 1953 at the age of 45 years. Incidentally, After ‘Khandaan’ (1942), Noor Jahan got an opportunity to sing for Ghulam Haider after a gap of 11 years in ‘Gulnar’ (1953).

Apart from being a trend setter in Hindi film music, Ghulam Haider was instrumental in discovering Shamshad Begum as a playback singer. But his greatest contribution to Hindi film music was recognising the great singing potential of Lata Mangeshkar. Although Lata Mangeshkar had started singing in Hindi films as early as 1945, it was Ghulam Haider who gave her a big break by using her as the lead playback singer in the film ‘Majboor’ (1948). Later on, he recommended her to stalwarts like Anil Biswas and Khemchand Prakash who utilised her singing potential to the best. The prophecy of Ghulam Haider about Lata Mangeshkar that one day she would rule the Hindi film industry came good within a few years.

I have great pleasure in presenting the 100th song composed by Ghulam Haider on the Blog. The first song of Ghulam Haider to appear on the Blog was Badnaam na ho jaaye muhabbat ka fasaana (Shaheed) on October 8, 2009. It took over 7 years For Ghulam Haider to ‘hit a century’ on the Blog.

The song is a special one in the sense that it has got the ingredients of what I would call ‘Punjabiyat’ because of which Ghulam Haider became a trendsetter in Hindi film industry. The song is ’kaan mein baaliyaan jhoomar waaliyaan’ from the film POONJI (1943). The song is a duet rendered by Ghulam Haider and Shamshad Begum. There were 3 lyricists for 10 songs in the film – D N Madhok, Shaukat Thanvi and Behzad Lucknowi. But the distribution of songs among the lyricists is not known. One song from the film has been covered in the Blog.

The song has a flute prelude which is a rare occurrence in the orchestration of Ghulam Haider’s compositions. The song has a simple tune with prelude as well as interlude in slow tempo and rhythm which are typical of traditional jhoomar dance songs of Punjab. Probably, the song may have been picturised as a stage song and Ghulam Haider may have got inspiration from Punjabi jhoomar dance songs.

Enjoy Ghulam Haider’s century song on the Blog.

Audio

Song-Kaan mein baaliyaan jhoomar waaliyaan (Poonji)(1943) Singers-Ghulam Haider, Shamshad Begam, MD-Ghulam Haider
Both

Lyrics

Kaan mein baaliyaan
jhoomar waaliyaan
Kaan mein baaliyaan
jhoomar waaliyaan
ghoonghat kholo kholo ri
munh se bolo gori
na karo jora jori
zara to bolo gori
na karo jora jori
Kaan mein baaliyaan
jhoomar waaliyaan
Kaan mein baaliyaan

o o o
kajle ki dor
palkon mein bal khaaye re
kajle ki dor
palkon mein bal khaaye re

kesari ??
ho kesari ??
man moh liya aa
man moh liya
o o o
kesari ??
ho kesari ??
man moh liya
man moh liya
haay lat joban ki kare rakhwaaliyaan
haay lat joban ki kare rakhwaaliyaan
rakhwaaliyaan
ho rakhwaaliyaan
Kaan mein baaliyaan jhoomar waaliyaan
Kaan mein baaliyaan

ho o o
baat chaloon apni
sataaye mujhe koi kyun
baat chaloon apni
sataaye mujhe koi kyun

jobana ki jhalki
ho jobana ki jhalki
dikhlaayi kyon
dikhlaayi kyon
ho o o
jobana ki jhalki
ho jobana ki jhalki
dikhlaayi kyon
dikhlaayi kyon
haay hat jaao
main doongi tumhen gaaliyaan
haay hat jaao
main doongi tumhen gaaliyaan
doongi gaaliyaan
doongi gaaliyaan

kaan mein baaliyaan
jhoomar waaliyaan
kaan mein baaliyaan

jhoomar waaliyaan
ghoonghat kholo kholo ri
munh se bolo gori
na karo jora jori
zara to bolo gori
na karo jora jori
Kaan mein baaliyaan

1 Response to "Kaan mein baaliyaan jhoomar waaliyaan"

What a matured voice of Ghulam Hyder. Pure bliss. Shringar ras se bharpur.
ghoonghat kholo kholo ri
munh se bolo gori
na karo jora jori
zara to bolo gori
na karo jora jori
Maza aur anand aa gaya.
Thanks Sadanandji

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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