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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Sukh Anand Aur Prem Ki Khaatir

Posted on: February 17, 2018


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3501 Post No. : 14066

Todays song is from an old film of the 30s – ‘Sunehara Sansar- from 1936.

Songs from films made in the 30s are difficult to find.If you find a song of a film of your choice, you are a lucky person. Sometimes, as a fluke, such songs are encountered and your day is made. Luckily, there are collectors from India and Pakistan, who collect songs from various sources and upload them on You Tube for the benefit of music lovers and history students. Since no collector ever discloses his sources, it is difficult to know from where the song has been taken. Actually it hardly matters as long as it is not used for commercial purpose. Such 70-80 year old songs are no one’s personal property in any case, once they are on public domain. The uploaders are also aware of it.

We are thankful to many uploaders like Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji of Jodhpur, Shalin Bhat ji in the US, Javed Rsjs ji and many more such kind and helpful souls who serve the interest of Film music history, by making old rare songs available to music lovers and writers. Our own Sudhir ji, Atul ji and Sadanand ji too upload such rare songs. God Bless Them all. Today’s song is uploaded by Shalin Bhat ji.

The song is from a film made by East India Film Co. of Calcutta. In those days, the name Calcutta was synonymous with New Theatres, in the film world. New Theatres is a Golden Chapter in the Indian Film History. Established by BN Sircar in 1930, NT was not just a commercial entity, but an institution which strengthened the foundation of film making in India. Sircar established systems and discipline in film shootings. He was an engineer from London. Son of a very famous and rich Advocate General of Bengal, Sircar was a soft spoken but a firm personality. Being rich himself, he had no problem in building a well equipped company, without making a compromise on quality – both in in terms of machinery and people.

Most other studio owners like V Shantaram, Mehboob, Chandulal Shah, Sohrab Modi, SS Wassan, Guru Dutt, Raj Kapoor etc. took over as company’s film director, but not Sircar. He had a strong line up of capable directors like PC Barua, Hem Chander, Debaki Bose, Nitin Bose, Premankur Attorthy, Phani Mujumdar etc. He never ever interfered with directors choices of actors or work. Remaining in the background, he ensured shootings as per schedule.

NT was like a family. It ran on systems. It became a way of life for people working in it. Since its establishment in 1930, competition increased consistently, in the number of film producing companies in Calcutta. By 1938, there were 18 Production houses in Calcutta alone. They were – Arora Film Co., Shri Bharat Laxmi Pictures, Chitramandir RBS Prodn, Dev-Dutt films, East India Film Co., Indua Movietone, Kali Films, Kamala Talkies, Maadan Theatres, New Popular Pictures, Moti Mahal Theatres, Murli Pictures, Quality Pictures, Radha Film Co., Sonoray Picture Syndicate, Sunrise Film Co., and Tollywood Studio. Interesting point is, Bombay film industry came to be known as Bollywood many decades after this Calcutta studio – Tollywood – which continues till today for Bangla Film industry.

After 1939, the second world war created problems for NT. On one hand raw film shortage and  severe competition and on the other hand ego clashes of the stalwarts and exodus from the company plagued NT. PC Barua was the first to leave,in 1940, to restart his own studio. One by one people started leaving. From 1942 to 1947, many important actors, directors and technicians left NT and went to Bombay. During its existence, NT created an all time record as a company. It had produced  177 films as against the nearest competitor – Ranjit Studios of Bombay, with 175 films (as per Cine Advance issue dated 5th Dec 1980).

During the Golden period of NT, Debaki Bose made a Bangla film ‘Sonar Sansaar’ in 1936. The same was also made in Hindi as ‘Sunehra Sansaar’. During the period 1934 to 1936, Debaki Bose worked for East India Film Co. His film, ‘Seeta’ (1934) won the Honorary Diploma in Venice Film Festival and his last film there was ‘Sunehra Sansaar’ (1936). After this Debaki Bose (who gave the name ‘Kumar’ to actor Syed Ali Hasan Zaidi of film ‘Puran Bhagat’ (1933) returned to NT for the period from 1937 to 1941. He then left NT to start his own production company.

The East India Film Company was based in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, Bitish India. It was the first Indian film company to screen a movie at an international Film Festival. Started in 1932 in Calcutta, by RL Khemka, it went on to be a pioneer in producing films across several regional film industries, including Bengali, Hindi, Urdu, Telugu, and Tamil in the decade after its founding; till then, production companies were restricted regionally.

The company was formed in 1932 by RL Khemka, a local Marwari businessman in Bengal after acquiring the RCA Photophone studio, its location recording equipment, and its Mitchell cameras. In 1933, East India Film Company’s first Bengali film production, ‘Jamuna Puline’ was released. The director was Priyanath Ganguli, who had joined here after leaving Maadan Theatres. Riding on its success, the company became the first Bengali studio to venture into not just Hindi films, but also various films in South Indian languages. East India Film Company was soon producing a dozen movie releases per year, including several hits like ‘Savitri’ (Telugu) and ‘Ramayan’ (Tamil).

The East India Film Company’s ‘Seeta’, made by Debaki Bose, was the first talkie shown in an international film festival. It was shown in 1934 at the Venice Film Festival where it won an Honorary Diploma. Subsequently, Bose also made his noted film, ‘Sonar Sansaar’ (Hindi: ‘Sunhera Sansaar’) in 1936 under the East India Film Company banner.

Shot in Calcutta on a lavish budget of Rs.75,000, East India Film Company’s ‘Savitri’ in Telugu was a huge hit. Based on a popular stage play by Mylavaram Bala Bharathi Samajam, the film was directed by debutant C Pulliah and starred stage stalwarts Vemuri Gaggiah and Dasari Ramthilakam as Yama and Savitri, respectively. Like ‘Seeta’, this film was also shown in Venice Film Festival, where it too won an Honorary Diploma.

Film ‘Sunehra Sansaar’ had 21 songs, all written by its hero – Vijay Kumar, BA. [Author Notr: I have written about him in my post “Tan Prem Ki Raakh Lagaa Kar Ke“on 31-1-2018). The cast of the film was Vijay Kumar, Rampyari, Menaka Devi (her first film in Calcutta), Kamla Jharia, Azuri, Mazhar Khan, Gul Hamid, KN Singh (his debut film) and others.

Like several common feminine names in those days – Zebunnisa, Zubeida, Khursheed, Zohra, Amirbai, Gauhar, Radharani, Menaka, Noorjehan, Yasmin, Vimala etc, there were common male names too. One of them was Hamid. It was prefixed and suffixed by Gul, Ali, Syed etc. For example, actor Ajit’s real name was Hamid Ali and actor singer Shyam Kumar was Syed Gul Hamid Ali. I remember, once when I wrote about Shyam Kumar and his real name, our Sudhir ji had queried if he and the actor Gul Hamid were same. I had informed him that they were different.

Today we will know more about this actor Gul Hamid, who acted in many films in the 30s and died very young at 31 years only. He was a handsome young man from Peshawar. After starting his film career from Lahore, he moved to Calcutta where he worked in more than a dozen of silent films and talkies. Some of his films were made in Bombay too. He had many honors to his credit. He acted in Heer Ranjha, the first film produced in Punjabi and in Seeta, a talkie that won an Honorary Diploma in the 1934 Venice Film Festival. That was also the first Indian film shown at an International film festival. Hamid also wrote the script, acted in, and directed the film Khyber Pass (1936). 

Gul Hamid was born in 1905 in Pirpiai, a village near the Kabul River in the North West Frontier Province of British India (now in Pakistan). His father was Saif Ullah Khan. Gul Hamid Khan had three brothers named Abdul Hameed Khan, Gul Jamal Khan and Sayed Jamal Khan. Gul Hamid Khan was married to Patience Cooper (later Sabra Begum) from 1930–1936, one of the first early silent movie actresses.

He became an all-India celebrity when AR Kardar cast him in his hit movie. It is said that the movie industry never again saw an actor with Gul Hamid’s looks. He made his film debut with Sarfarosh alias Brave Hearts in 1930, which was a silent movie made in Lahore and directed by AR Kardar. In 1931, his films Aatishe Ishq and Wandering Dancer were released. Gul Hamid also had the honour of working in the first ever Punjabi feature film Heer Ranjha released in 1932. This film was made in Lahore and directed by AR Kardar. In 1933, his film Yahudi Ki Ladki was released based on Agha Hashar Kashmiri‘s stage play by the same name. His other films released in 1934 were ChandraguptMumtaz BegumSultana and Night Bird.

1935 was the richest year of Gul Hamid’s career as many of his films were released in it. In Bharat Ki Beti (1935), his heroine was Rattan Bai.  His other notable talkie films in 1935 were Sauteli BadruhiSaleema  and  MurdererYasmin was also released the same year in which his name was Behram. As per records, only three films were released in 1936 i.e. ‘Sunehra Sansaar’, Baghi Sipahi and Khyber Pass.  Khyber Pass was the film in which he not only acted but also wrote its script and directed it. He worked with his wife, Patience Cooper, in three films i.e., Baghi Sipahi, ‘Murderer’ (1935) and Khyber Pass. He died  in 1936 due to a throat ailment.(Hodgekin’s Disease).

The story of film Sunehara Sansar-36, as outlined in Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, is as follows,

This is a parable about human suffering and capitalist enterprise. The village headman has the bandits attack house of Ramesh to settle an old dispute. His wife Roma is kidnapped and infant son is abandoned in a forest. Years later, Roma works as a nurse to a kind millionaire and her son Raghunath lives with other unemployed youths, in a nearby house. They all dream about starting a Soap Factory. The father has become a beggar in that town only. No one is aware about others. Changed circumstances bring the family together and the kind millionaire helps to set up the Soap Factory.

Today’s song is composed by KC Dey, but the singer is not known. I presume it is Vijay kumar only. So, here is a song from an 80+ year old film. Surprisingly, the song is clear.

[Auhtor’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks to Indian Cinematograph Year Book – 1938, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Muvyz, HFGK, Wikipedia, IPFS.com, Pakfilms.com, book by Ambarish Mishra and my notes.]


Song – Sukh Anand Aur Prem Ki Khaatir (Sunehra Sansaar) (1936) Singer – [Unattributed], Lyrics – Vijay Kumar BA, Music – KC Dey

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
bana ye soney ka sansaar
bana ye soney ka sansaar
is mein dhan dualat joban hai
hai. . .
is mein dhan dualat joban hai
jeevan saathi hai pyaari naar
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
bana ye soney ka sansaar
bana ye soney ka sansaar

putra hai aankhon ka taara
jis se chamke jagmag parivar
aish ke jhoole jhoolo nis din
prem se looto mauj bahaar
putra hai aankhon ka taara
jis se chamke jagmag parivar
aish ke jhoole jhoolo nis din
prem se looto mauj bahaar
saathi ishwar gun gaawo
saathi ishwar gun gaawo
saathi ishwar gun gaawo
jis ne racha sunder sansaar

sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
bana ye soney ka sansaar
bana ye soney ka sansaar
is mein dhan dualat joban hai
hai. . .
is mein dhan dualat joban hai
jeevan saathi hai pyaari naar
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
bana ye soney ka sansaar
bana ye soney ka sansaar

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
बना ये सोने का संसार
बना ये सोने का संसार
इस में धन दौलत जोबन है
है॰ ॰ ॰
इस में धन दौलत जोबन है
जीवन साथी है प्यारी नार
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
बना ये सोने का संसार
बना ये सोने का संसार

पुत्र है आँखों का तारा
जिससे चमके जगमग परिवार
ऐश के झूले झूलो निस दिन
प्रेम से लूटो मौज बहार
पुत्र है आँखों का तारा
जिससे चमके जगमग परिवार
ऐश के झूले झूलो निस दिन
प्रेम से लूटो मौज बहार
साथी इशवर गुण गावो
साथी इशवर गुण गावो
साथी इशवर गुण गावो
जिसने रचा सुंदर संसार

सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
बना ये सोने का संसार
बना ये सोने का संसार
इस में धन दौलत जोबन है
है॰ ॰ ॰
इस में धन दौलत जोबन है
जीवन साथी है प्यारी नार
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
बना ये सोने का संसार
बना ये सोने का संसार

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2 Responses to "Sukh Anand Aur Prem Ki Khaatir"

Thanks. Detailed and interesting as always

Thanks for your appreciation.

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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