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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Hum Chale Nai Duniya Rachne

Posted on: February 23, 2018


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3507 Post No. : 14092

Today’s song is from film ‘Pehla Aadmi’ from 1950.

India became an independent nation on 15th August, 1947. It saw the end of about 100 years of protest, riots, mutinies and revolutionary attacks on the British Raj, who had ruled us for so many years – 190 years, to be exact. That is after Robert Clive won the battle of Plassey in 1757. Besides political upheaval, independence had different impact on different people in India.

Firstly, those millions of freedom fighters who were busy 24 x 7, shouting, protesting and marching against the British, suddenly had no work no do. They faced a big void in their life. Those students who had left their education half way to join the freedom struggle found that they were nowhere now. No education, no jobs and no activity. This led to finding ways of making quick money – like black marketing, political exploitation of the society to make quick bucks, illegal activities etc.

Secondly, the writers and authors who were suppressed and prohibited from writing anti-British articles or even patriotic songs and dramas, found that they now could do so, but there were no takers. The relevance of such writings was lost because India was independent now.

Thirdly, the film makers, who could not express their patriotic urges through films were now free to make such films. There was no need to be symbolic now. Direct expressions were now allowed without restraint.

Even in the patriotism or the independence struggle, there were two divisions. One, which followed the footsteps and teaching of Ahimsa by Mahatma Gandhi and two, was the revolutionary explosive type who believed in bloodshed, punishment and overthrowing the rulers by weapons. For making a film the Gandhi ji’s way was too mild, without any drama, suspense or heroism. So it was the revolutionary way to independence struggle which was opted by film makers. There were many films about freedom struggle – Bhagat Singh and Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, but very few on Gandhi ji’s teachings like ‘The Last Message’, ‘Ahimsa Path’ (both 1949) and some docu-films.

On the other hand, some films were made about the freedom struggle of revolutionaries like, ‘Azaadi Ki Raah Par’, ‘Desh Seva’, ‘Hua Savera’, ‘Refugee’, ‘Shaheed’, ‘Soldier’s Dream’ (all in 1948); ‘Apna Desh’, ‘Matrubhoomi’ (both in 1949); ‘Hindustan Hamara’, ‘Kashmir Hamara Hai’, ‘Pehla Aadmi’, ‘Samadhi’, (all in 1950); ‘Andolan’ (1951), ‘Anand Matth’ (1952) etc. As the euphoria diminished, such patriotic films too were made infrequently.

The life and times of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose has always fascinated every Indian. Despite the step motherly treatment and a total neglect many times by the Congress Party, Netaji occupies the number one position as a revolutionary, who had a clear goal, organisational skill, leadership qualities and a well cut out plan to achieve independence. But for the support of Congress leaders of the times, he sure would have achieved his target. Most Indians believe this even today. So, no wonder film makers made films on Netaji in every Indian language.

Calcutta’s New Theatres too did not lag behind and they made a film on the life and times of Netaji. The title of this film ‘Pehla Aadmi’ is very intriguing. To know the background of how this title was selected, let us go back a little and peep into history which few Indians know.

Subhash Chandra Bose as the Supreme Commander of Azad Hind Fauj (aka Indian National Army – INA) adopted in 1943, a variant of Purna Swaraj flag that included the words ‘AZAD’ on the saffron band on top, ‘HIND’ on the bottom green band and in the centre white band a ‘Springing Tiger’ in lieu of Gandhi ji’s ‘Charkha’, symbolising INA’s strength and their indomitable will to fight.

The Indian National Army was born during World War II. Originally, it was founded by Captain Mohan Singh in Singapore in September 1942 with Indian prisoners-of-war (POWs) held by the Japanese army in the Far East. This was with the support of the Indian Independence League, headed by expatriate nationalist leader Rash Behari Bose. However, the first INA was disbanded almost immediately in December 1942 after disagreements between Hikari Kikan and Mohan Singh, who came to believe that the Japanese High Command was using the INA as a mere pawn and propaganda tool. [Ed Note: The Hikari Kikan was the Japanese liaison office responsible for Japanese relations with the INA and the Azad Hind Government in exile.]

However, the idea of a liberation army was revived with the arrival of Subhas Chandra Bose in the Far East in 1943. In July, at a meeting in Singapore, Rash Behari Bose handed over control of the organization to Subhas Chandra Bose. Bose was able to reorganize the fledgling army and gained massive support among the expatriate Indian population in South East Asia, who supported the INA both financially, as well as by enlisting with the INA. At the peak of its activities, INA consisted of about 85,000 troops, including a separate women’s unit, the Rani of Jhansi Regiment, headed by Capt. Lakshmi Swaminathan (aka Capt. Lakshmi Sehgal). Under the leadership of Subhash Bose, this rejuvenated INA fought along with the Imperial Japanese Army against the British and Commonwealth forces in the campaigns in Burma, Assam, Imphal and Kohima, and later, against the successful Burma Campaign of the Allies. The INA stormed and captured the Andaman Islands, and had reached within shouting distance of Chittagong, when the Japanese army surrendered after the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Moirang in Manipur was the headquarters of INA. Colonel Shaukat Malik  hoisted the Tricolour for the first time on Indian soil on 19 March 1944, in Moirang with the help of Manipuris like Shri Mairembam Koireng Singh and others who were members of the INA. It is on this historical episode that Bimal Roy made the film ‘Pehla Aadmi’ in 1950.

The star cast of the film is Balraj Vij, Smriti Biswas, Pahadi Sanyal, Ashita Bose, Paul Mahendra, Zahar Roy, Heeralal, Asit Sen, Bela Bose etc.

Smriti Biswas, a protestant Bangla Christian was born in Calcutta on 17-2-1932. She studied in a Missionary girls’ school. Her father and mother both were Headmaster and Headmistress in other schools. Smriti had a liking for acting. When she was just 12 year old, she acted in film ‘Hamraahi’ (1945) and ‘Dwand’ (Bangla). When this was became at her home, she was put in another school. Later, the family shifted to Lahore. There Smriti acted in film ‘Ragni’ (1945), opposite Pran and also some other films.

After Partition, the family came to Delhi. Smriti met actor / producer / director Dr. SD Narang. He cast her in the film ‘Ek Aurat’ (1948) and Bangla film ‘Chinni Putul’, which became a hit. In 1951, Smriti shifted base to Bombay. According to her interviews, before coming to Bombay she had acted in 26 films. However no details are available for this. In 1953 she acted in ‘Shamsheer’ and also as a heroine opposite to Dev Anand in ‘Hum Safar’.

Though she was a star in Calcutta and Lahore, in Bombay she mostly got roles as a vamp or other supporting roles. She claims to have worked in 90 films. Some of her well known films are, ‘Dilli Ka Thug’, ‘Baap Re Baap’, ‘Bhaagam Bhag’, ‘Sailaab’, ‘Jaagte Raho’, ‘Aab e Hayaat’, ‘Hamdard’, ‘Teen Batti Chaar Raasta, ‘Abhimaan’, ‘Daaka’ etc .

Smriti was proficient in English, riding, swimming and cooking. She could play sitar, harmonium and guitar. She was very jolly like a tomboy. Smriti got married to Dr. SD Narang in 1960 and left films for ever. She gave birth to 2 sons. After the death of Dr. Narang in 1986, she gave her bungalow for development to a builder, who cheated her and she became homeless. She changed 28 houses in Bombay. She also lost her houses in Delhi and Mahabaleshwar due to crooked relatives. Finally, poor Smriti shifted to Nashik and has lived in a 500 sq.feet flat. Till last year she was in Nashik.

The story of ‘Pehla Aadmi’ was written by actor Nazir Hussain (ex INA), the lyrics were by Prakash (ex INA), and the music was by RC Boral. The film was directed by Bimal Roy, assisted by Hrishikesh Mukherjee. This was Bimal Roy’s last film with New Theatres. When he came to Bombay for the premier of the film, he met Hiten Chaudhari, who had worked in NT earlier. He was the first to leave NT and join Bombay Talkies in Bombay. Hiten took Bimal Roy to Bombay Talkies where he was offered the director’s position for the upcoming film ‘Maa’ (1952). Bimal Roy accepted it and settled in Bombay thereafter.

The story of ‘Pehla Aadmi’ is summarized below.

Vijay Kumar and Chaudhari are thick friends, living in Rangoon, Burma. They have a son Kumar and daughter Lata. The children fall in love when young, and decide to get married, with elders’ consent. The year is 1943. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose arrives in Singapore and tours Far Eastern areas. He invites the youngsters to join his INA to serve the motherland.

Kumar decides to join INA and promises Lata that they will get married after the war is over.  Before going, Kumar’s father gives him a sword to use in the war. Kumar, after his training is over, is sent to the war front. During a battle, his leader is shot. Before dying he gives Indian flag to Kumar and asks him to hoist it after victory.

The battle is won by Kumar’s unit and Kumar proudly unfurls the Indian Flag first time on a liberated Indian town. He becomes the ‘Pehla Aadmi’ to do so. Unfortunately, after hoisting the flag Kumar is shot dead. His body is brought to Rangoon for last rites. Lata is weeping. Kumar’s collegue in the war tells Lata to fulfil Kumar’s job in liberating the country. Lata too joins INA. (No.650)

The film has 11 songs, as listed in the Geet Kosh. Today’s song is the second song on the blog. It is sung by Aparesh Lahiri and Sandhya Mukherjee. Aparesh Lahiri is the father of the jewellery laden music director Bhappi Lahiri. The video shows Balraj Vij and Smriti Biswas.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks to lallantop.com, mukundsathe.com, Harish Raghuvanshi ji, Wikipedia, HFGK and my notes.]

 


Song – Hum Chale Nai Duniya Rachne (Pehla Aadmi) (1950) Singer – Aparesh Lahiri, Sandhya Mukherjee, Lyrics – Prakash BA, Music – RC Boral

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

hum chale
hum chale
hum chale nai duniya rachne
hum chale naya itihas liye
hum chale nai duniya rachne
hum chale naya itihas liye

wo raat andheri barkha ki
olay barse chamke bijli
wo raat andheri barkha ki
olay barse chamke bijli
par thaan liya jab mann me to
hum jaan pe apni khel chale

tum badho
tum badho
tum badho goliyaan phool banen
kante bhi tujhko dhool banen
tum badho goliyaan phool banen
kante bhi tujhko dhool banen
o janewale ja tu ja
bhagwan tumhara bhala kare
o janewale ja tu ja
bhagwan tumhara bhala kare
hum chale nai duniya rachne
hum chale naya itihas liye
hum chale nai duniya rachne
hum chale naya itihas liye

suraj pashchim mein ug aaye
ya chaand sitaare mit jaayen
suraj pashchim mein ug aaye
ya chaand sitaare mit jaayen
main asha deep
main asha deep jalaaye teri raah takun
tu aan miley
main asha deep jalaaye teri raah takun
tu aan miley

jaayenge
jaayenge
jaayenge ab hum tum mil kar
lo prem milan ke din aaye
hum chale
ha ha ha
hum chale

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

हम चले
हम चले
हम चले नई दुनिया रचने
हम चले नया इतिहास लिए
हम चले नई दुनिया रचने
हम चले नया इतिहास लिए

वो रात अंधेरी बरखा की
ओले बरसें चमके बिजली
वो रात अंधेरी बरखा की
ओले बरसें चमके बिजली

तुम बढ़ो
तुम बढ़ो
तुम बढ़ो गोलियां फूल बनें
कांटे भी तुझको धूल बनें
तुम बढ़ो गोलियां फूल बनें
कांटे भी तुझको धूल बनें
ओ जाने वाले जा तू जा
भगवान तुम्हारा भला करे
ओ जाने वाले जा तू जा
भगवान तुम्हारा भला करे

हम चले नई दुनिया रचने
हम चले नया इतिहास लिए
हम चले नई दुनिया रचने
हम चले नया इतिहास लिए

सूरज पश्चिम में उग आए
या चाँद सितारे मिट जाएँ
सूरज पश्चिम में उग आए
या चाँद सितारे मिट जाएँ
मैं आशा दीप
मैं आशा दीप जलाए तेरी राह तकूँ
तू आन मिले
मैं आशा दीप जलाए तेरी राह तकूँ
तू आन मिले

जाएंगे
जाएंगे
जाएंगे अब हम तुम मिल कर
लो प्रेम मिलन के दिन आए
हम चले
हा हा हा
हम चले

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 14200 song posts by now.

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