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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Aaja re aaja re aaja

Posted on: December 7, 2018


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3794 Post No. : 14780

Today’s song is from a Mythological film-Waman Avataar-55.

Mythological and religious films have been my favourite Genre for two reasons. One was that, our family had shifted to Banares for about 2 years when my father-a Hindu Mahasabha leader- went underground after the termoil of the killing of Gandhiji, to avoid arrest. Savarkar and his followers were arrested all over India in this connection, as Godse was a Hindu Mahasabha member in his past. In Benares, we stayed very close to Vishwanath Mandir and father gave religious discourses, being a Sanskrit scholar, in that temple. So, from childhood I was exposed to religion and Mythology. Father was arrested anyway and later freed along with Savarkar and others, without any blemish. He left politics and started his legal practice ( he was BA,LLB ) as a criminal lawyer at Hyderabad High Court, as a normal citizen.

A Shiva Temple was built on the land surrounding our Bungalow and every Mahashivratri, there used to be big celebration. Temple was open to all public. This also influenced me greatly. Later, when I studied for my ” Jyotish Praveen” examination ( as a Hobby), I read many Astrological and Religious books.

The second reason was, I liked the magic and trick scenes in these movies and would willingly volunteer to accompany the old and the elderly family members ( a joint family), to such films as their escort, during my school days. These childhood influences cultivated my liking for religious films.

Few years back, I had run a series on this Blog, titled ” Bhajan Mala- The Golden 50s”. Today’s song is from the balance of songs which remained after discussing 12 songs in that series.

Among the many scriptures on Hinduism, I like ‘ Bhagwad geeta’ the most. BHAGVAD GEETA is one of our cultural heritage books.It is a part of Mahabharat and is also a part of Bramhopnishad-which is a scripture on Yogas.

This is a dialogue between Lord Shri Krishna and Arjun. The legend says that when Kauravas and Pandavas stood opposite each others for a war on Kurukshetra, Dhritrashtra,the blind father of Kauravas asked Sanjay-who had the divine power of seeing the war at Kurukshetra- to describe him the war happennings. Sanjay starts and in the course of his reporting,the entire Geeta too is narrated.

Without going into the details further,enough to stress that Lord Shrikrishna explains to Arjuna that,whenever there is a decline of Dharma and righteousness,He takes birth from age to age (sambhavami yuge yuge),to protect the virueous,destroy evil-doers and to reestablish Dharma and righteousness.
This is described in the IV chapter,stanzas 7 and 8 in Bhagvadgeeta thus-

यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानिर्भवति भारत ।
अभ्युत्थानमधर्मस्य तदात्मानं सृजाम्यहम् ॥४-७॥
परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम् ।
धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय सम्भवामि युगे युगे ॥४-८॥
Yada yada hi dharmasya glanirbhavati bharata
Abhythanamadharmasya tadatmanam srijamyaham
Paritranaya sadhunan vinashay cha dushkritam
Dharmasangsthapanarthay sambhabami yuge yuge

The meaning of these two slokas is—
Whenever there is decay of righteousness, O Bharata,
And there is exaltation of unrighteousness, then I Myself come forth ;
For the protection of the good, for the destruction of evil-doers,
For the sake of firmly establishing righteousness, I am born from age to age.

This is how Swami Vivekananda himself translated the shlokas-
“Whenever virtue subsides and wickedness prevails, I manifest Myself. To establish virtue, to destroy evil, to save the good, I come from Yuga (age) to Yuga.”

Generally it is found that people respect Religion,but when it comes to even obvious details,they are confused. For example, how many people can tell correctly whether Shri Ram came first or Krishna,on this Earth ? Or, how many people can tell the names of the 10 Avatars of God ? Or how many people know the names of the wives of Lakshman, Bharat and Shatrughna-all brothers of Shri Ram ? Or how many can even tell the names of 4 Yugas or 4 Vedas ?

Here are The God’s 10 Avtaars serially-

1. Matsya-(The fish) in Satyayug
2. Koorma-(The Tortoise)-
3. Varah-(The Boar)-
4. Narsimha-(Half Lion-Half man)-
5. Waman-(The Dwarf) in Treta Yug
6.Parshuram-(The warrior saint)-
7. Shri Ram in Dwapar yug
8. Shri krishna in Dwapar Yug
9. Balram ( In North India, Gautam Budha and in Eastern India Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are considered instead of Balram)
10. Kalki (yet to come) in Kali Yug

Actually,one can see the Human Evolution and the history of Human race in these Avtars.I feel that they are indicative of Development of Human Race and their Sociological structure.

The First 4 are the evolution of Life and Humans
Waman is about the Domination of Bramhins.
Parshuram is about the Conflict of the Rulers and the Pontiff.
Shri Rama as the Ideal King,how he should be.
Balrama is to stress importance of Agriculture.
Shri Krishna to teach us how to live Life and finally
Kalki will indicate self-destruction of Human Beings.

This is how I interprete these Avtars. ( By the way, the pairs are Lakshman-Urmila, Bharat-Mandavi and Shatrughna-Shrutikirti. The 4 vedas are Rig-,Saam-,Atarva- and yajur- ved).

When the religion was in danger, Lord Vishnu took the avtaar of Waman. Who was Waman and what did he do ?

Vamana was born to Aditi and Kashyapa. He is the twelfth of the Adityas. Vamana is also the younger brother of Indra.

King Mahabali was a generous man who engaged in severe austerities and penance and won the praise of the world. This praise, from his courtiers and others, led him to think of himself as the greatest person in the world. He believed that he can help any one and can donate whatever they ask. Even though he became benevolent, he became pompous of his activities and forgot that the almighty is above him. Dharma says that one should do his duty and helping others is the duty of a king. Mahabali was a devoted worshiper of the Lord. The story is an ample example that the almighty, the Parabrahma is neutral and unbiased; he only tries to balance nature. He showers his divine light to all, irrespective of what they do.The Bhagwat Puran describes that Vishnu descended as the Vamana avatar to restore the authority of Indra over the heavens, as it had been taken by Mahabali, a benevolent Asur King. Bali was the great grandson of Hiranykashyapu, the grand son of Pralhad and son of Virochana. Waman avatar is the first human form avtar of Vishnu,among the Dashavatars.

Vamana, in the guise of a short Bramhin carrying a wooden umbrella, went to the king to request three paces of land. Mahabali consented, against the warning of his guru, Shukracharya. Vamana then revealed his identity and enlarged to gigantic proportions to stride over the three worlds. He stepped from heaven to earth with the first step, from earth to the netherworld with the second. King Mahabali, unable to fulfill his promise, offered his head for the third. Vamana then placed his foot and gave the king immortality for his humility.

In worshiping Mahabali and his ancestor Prahláda, he conceded sovereignty of Pataal, the netherworld. Some texts also report that Vamana did not step into the netherworld, and instead gave its rule to Bali. In giant form, Vamana is known as Trivikrama.

Just before King Mahabali was pushed out of this earth, he was given permission by Vamana to visit his people once a year. The Onam festival is a celebration of welcoming Mahabali home to his lost kingdom. During this festival, beautiful floral decorations are made in every house and boat races are held throughout Kerala. A twenty-one-course feast is the most important part of the Onam festival.

Mahabali symbolizes ahankar, the three feet symbolizes the three planes of existence (Jagrat, Swapna and Sushupthi) and final step is on his head which elevates from all three states and he attains moksha.

Film Waman Awataar-55 was made by Bombay Film Productions. It was produced by B.C.Patel and Raman B. Desai- who also directed it. The music was by the Mythological film expert, Avinash Vyas, ably assisted by Sanmukh Babu Upadhyay. The cast of the film was Nirupa Roy, Trilok Kapoor,Sapru, Bipin Gupta, Praveen kumar, Jankidas etc etc.

The story of Sanmukh Babu Upadhya, who assisted the MD in this film, is not uncommon in Hindi film industry.

I am sure, not many will be knowing about this composer. He was one of those artistes in the film industry who had immense talent but Luck did not favour them.

Sanmukh Babu Upadhyaya was born on 13-9-1920 in Surat,Gujarat. His father Manibhai and brother Dinanath were Music experts, thus Sanmukh had Music as a tradional asset. Soon he acquired expertise in playing Jaltarang and Violin. Later in his life he became a well known Violin player of Gujarat. In 1940, he met Gujarat’s famous singer Master Vasant ( also from Surat) and he had a chance to play his instruments in the courts of Porbander, Jamnagar, Baroda, Udaipur, Bikaner, Bhopal etc.

In 1942 Sanmukh Babu came to Bombay. He happened to meet Dinkar Rao Amembal, an official in All India Radio,by chance. Sanmukh Babu was taken in A.I.R. services and he served for next 5 years.. He also went to Africa for one year to do stage shows.

After coming back, he joined Avinash Vyas as an assistant in the work of a Gujarati film and later in the famous Hindi film, “Har Har Mahadev”-1950. He was an expert in Jaltarang and Violin. His service at A.I.R. had given him exposure to many famous musicians and this helped him a lot. Next few years he participated in many Ballets and Dance Dramas in Gujarati and Hindi, along with Avinash Vyas.

He got his first break as an independent Music Director of Hindi film “Lalkaar”-56, with the help of Kavi Pradeep .He gave music to 7 Hindi films- Lalkar-56, Amar Singh Rathod-57, Sati Pariksha-57, Naag Padmini-57, Raaj Pratidnya- 58, Amar prem-60 and Hamir Hath-64.

When it became clear that he was getting only C grade films-action or Historicals- and no big banner ever offered him a film,he left film industry. Next few years he devoted his time in Directing Ballets and Dance Dramas in Hindi and Gujarati. He cut several private records of his music. He also gave solo performances of Violin all over the country.

It is unfortunate that his melodious music did not get enough opportunities or recognition, in the changing environment of film music of the 60s and the 70s, but he had no regrets. Sanmukh Babu Upadhyaya died on 24-2-1984, simply adding yet another name to the list of talented but less known composers.

Let us now enjoy the video song from this film.
( The article has used adapted information from” Hindu Dharma”- Prabhakar Shastry, Wikipedia and Harish Raghuwanshi ji. My thanks.)


Song-Aaja re aaja re aaja (Waaman Avtaar)(1955) Singers-Asha Bhonsle, A R Oza, Lyrics -G S Nepali, MD-Avinash Vyas
Chorus

Lyrics

aaja re
aaja re
aaja
bhagwaan teri duniya tujhko
din raat pukaare aaja
saagar ke kinaare aaja
aaja

aaja
bhagwaan tere bin kaun hamen phir paar utaare aaja
sab ke rakhwaare aaja
aaja
aaja

teri duniya mein dev dukhi hain
raaj nishhaachar karte hain

raaj nishhaachar karte hain
ye ek pita ki santaanen
aapas mein ladte marte hain
aaajaa
bhagwaan tere bin kaun humen phir paar utaare
aaja
sab ke rakhwaare aaja
aaja
aaja
aaja
bhagwaan teri duniya tujhko din raat pukaare
aaja
saagar ke kinaare aaja

aaja
aaja
aaja

hai dharm idhar mahaapaap udhar
o naath rahoge kaho kidhar

o naath rahoge kaho kidhar
hai shaanti idhar sangraam udhar
hai bhakti jidhar bhagwaan udhar
aaaajaa
bhagwaan tere bin kaun hamen phir paar utaare aaja
sab ke rakhwaare aaja
aaja
aaja
aaja
bhagwaan teri duniya tujhko din raat pukaare aaja
saagar ke kinaare aaja
aaja
aaja
aaja

hari uthho
samar ko kamar kaso
devon ka raaj nahin jaaye

devon ka raaj nahin jaaye
bhai bhai mein mel kara do
ghar ki laaj nahin jaaye
aaajaa
bhagwaan tere bin kaun hamen phir paar utaare aaja
sab ke rakhwaare aaja
aaja
aaja
aaja
bhagwaan teri duniya tujhko din raat pukaare aaja
saagar ke kinaare aaja

sab ke rakhwaare aaja
saagar ke kinaare aaja
sab ke rakhwaare aaja
saagar ke kinaare aaja
sab ke rakhwaare aaja
saagar ke kinaare aaja

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9 Responses to "Aaja re aaja re aaja"

Full of interesting trivia.

Thanks.

Respected Arun ji ,
So U are प्रवीण not only in चित्रपटज्ञान but also in ज्योतिष ! Hats off to U !!!

The info about भगवद् गीता , अवतार , वेद is an important one for those who are ignorant about that.

I liked the song . Though sung in a sad mood , it has a very sweet tune .

Nd what a multi – talented person Sanmukh Babu was !

Thnx for this post Arun ji .

Pramod Godbole ji,

Thanks for your kind words.
Just for your information, I also hold a Brown Belt in Judo.

OMG ! Great !!!

Black belt in Judo?
Am I taking physical risk for the comment I am going to make now?
The first reaction reading the title of the song “Aaja Re Aaja” by Asha Burman was ‘ Why Asha is calling her Mothher’s Father?’
(That’s what ‘Aaja’ means)

Bharat ji,

I wish I had a Black Belt, but I could not continue beyond achieving the Brown Belt, because of my final year examination in College.
-AD

Black or Brown, tell me should I be afraid?

Not at all. You are a respectable friend.

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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