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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Bharat mata ki beti shakti ki avtaar

Posted on: December 17, 2018


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3804 Post No. : 14797

When we talk of Partition and Migration of artistes from India to Pakistan and vice versa, only the famous and the well known names are considered. There were hundreds of small time less known artists, viz. actors, directors, lyricists, composers, instrument players, chorus singers, technicians etc who also had migrated for various reasons. The other day I was reading a book, ” Who’s who: Music in Pakistan ” written by A.Shaikh and M.Shaikh. In this book I found several names of singers,composers,lyricists and above all instrument players, who shifted to Pakistan.

It is a well known fact that in olden times,the instrument players,chorus singers and orchestra players had personal attachments and preferences,for particular composers and vice versa too. That is why, when Ghulam Haider went back to Lahore,he was extremely happy to meet some of his orchestra players in Lahore. In one of the interviews he had said that he felt like a family reunion. He arranged a get together for all those people.

In the Hindi film industry,many Partition immigrants came to dominate and transform the scene here.Film makers like Pancholi, Sippy,B R Chopra,Yash Chopra,Ramanand Sagar-all India’s most successful commercial producers were also Partition immigrants. Once heavily dominated by Muslim Film makers,writers,actors and composers,the Hindi film industry changed drastically after the Partition.

Many successful film personalities had gone to Pakistan between 1947 and 1950,including producers like Mehboob and Shaukat Hussain Rizvi-who went to Lahore,with capital to buy the Hindu-owned studios. Prominent producers of Lahore like Dalsukh Pancholi and Shorey were forced to sell their studios and properties for a song and flee for their life,to India,after riots in Pakistan post Partition. Some Muslim artistes returned to India,after a few years when they realised that Lahore film industry had largely collapsed due to exodus of prominent Hindu producers.

The crucial role played by films in Indian culture could be seen in the Refugee camps of Delhi,where ever evening,for 2 hours Hindi films were shown free to all. ‘ Film India’ commented that there were more than 15000 refugees from Sindh and Punjab in Bombay.It also suggested that good looking and educated women can be employed in films.Due to polarisation,there was much explosive writing published in this magazine,that time.

However,as before and always, Bombay film industry maintained its secular culture and a big rally,led by Durga Khote and Prithviraj Kapoor was taken out on 2-10-1947,in Bombay. The entire film industry had joined in it and slogans like ‘Hindu-Muslim bhai bhai’ etc were shouted in the rally. Similarly,to pacify over one lakh refugees from East Pakistan (now Bangaladesh) in Calcutta, Lata Mangeshkar had led a rally in Calcutta during 1971.

The famous Music Historian James Mc Connachie said, ” As India marched into an uncertain future-in 1947-Film songs offered something Unique: they helped creating a sense of belonging to One Nation,something that the divisive extremist right wingers in India,chanting” Hindustan for Hindus” could never achieve. When Hindi film singers sang,nobody cared that Mohd.Rafi was a Muslim or Lata was a Hindu Brahmin. Its great music bridged the gap between Hindus and Muslims,mush better than any Politician (including Gandhi and Nehru) ever could achieve.” -World Music-The rough guide,Vol II,pp 106,pub.1990 by Harper.

Like many top class composers who migrated to Pakistan, there were some small time or recently started composers who also left, like Inayat Hussain (only 1 Punjabi film Kamli),Fateh ali khan (2 films,Aaina-44 and Director-47),Tufail farooqi (2 films-Sona Chandi-46 and Dekhojee-47). Inayat Hussai of course became a Legend in Pakistan.

Today’s song is from film Aaina-1944. Its music directors were Gulshan Sufi and Fateh Ali Khan. Fateh ali khan migrated to Pakistan after Partition and Gulshan Sufi went after mid 50s.

Fateh Ali Khan was a classical singer and a Qawwali musician in the 1940s and 1950s. He was born in Jalandhar, Punjab, British India in 1901. Fateh Ali Khan was the father of Pakistani Qawwali musicians, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan. Their family had an unbroken tradition of Qawwali, linked closely to the Sufi Chishti Order for over 600 years. Fateh Ali Khan was trained in classical music and Qawwali by his father, Maula Baksh Khan (Ali Khan), and he, soon after his training, distinguished himself as a skilled vocalist and instrumentalist. He learned to play traditional Indian instruments such as sitar, sarod and vichitra veena as well as Western instruments like the violin. He also mastered thousands of verses in Punjabi, Urdu, Arabic and Persian.

Fateh Ali Khan was the leader of his family’s Qawwali party but they were billed as Fateh Ali Khan, Mubarak Ali Khan & Party. Mubarak Ali Khan, his brother, shared both singing and harmonium-playing duties with him. They were regarded as among the foremost exponents of Qawwali in their time. They are credited with popularizing the poetry of Allama Iqbal through their singing. Iqbal’s poetry was regarded as difficult to set musical tunes to, and while he was highly admired in academic circles and by intellectuals, Allama Iqbal did not have much of a popular following yet among the common people mainly due to the radio broadcasting technology still under development back then in British India. Fateh Ali Khan and Mubarak Ali Khan, more than anyone else, helped Iqbal achieve popular success as well: Allama Iqbal paid the ultimate homage to the two brothers by saying: ‘I was restricted to schools and colleges only. You (Ustad Fateh Ali Khan) have spread my poetry through India’.

Like many other musicians,Fateh ali khan too wanted to try his hand at Film music. In India,he gave music only to 2 films, that too with other composers. One was film Aaina-1944, along with Gulshan Sufi and the other was film Director-1947, along with Lachhiram Tamar. After partition he migrated to Pakistan with all his family. In Pakistan, however, he had better luck in films. He gave music to Do kinare-50, Harjaai-52, Shola-52, Bedari-57 ( ditto copy of our film Jagriti-1954), Saathi-59 and Tum na maano-61. He also sang in film Waada-57 and Raagini-58. Ustad Fateh Ali Khan was the foremost sitar-player and film music composer of the 1950’s in Pakistan.His compositions in Bedari (1957)became run-away super-hits in Pakistan because they were a heart-felt tribute to the founder of Pakistan, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, and the public’s sentiments about patriotism.

In 1948, his son, Nusrat, was born in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Fateh Ali Khan wanted Nusrat to become a doctor or an engineer because he felt Qawwali artists had low social status. However, Nusrat showed such interest in and aptitude for Qawwali that his father soon relented, and began training him. However, Fateh Ali Khan died in 1964 at the age of sixty-three, when Nusrat was sixteen and still in school. Nusrat’s training was completed by Fateh Ali Khan’s brothers, Mubarak Ali Khan and Salamat Ali Khan. (information adapted from wiki, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, pakfilms.net and my notes).

The cast of the film Aaina-41 consisted of Husn Banu, Yakub, Trilok kapoor, Yashodhara katju, Rajkumari Shukla, Gope etc etc. The film had two Lyricists- Pt. Phani and Tanvir Naqvi. ( Naqvi had also migrated to Pakistan). The film was directed by S.M. Yusuf. Even he had migrated to Pakistan.

S.M.Yusuf – Shaikh Mohammed Yousuf, (20-6-1910 at Poona to 17-8-1994 at Lahore) was originally from U.P. and started his career by assisting directors in various studios. He was one cine artist who migrated to Pakistan and became a very successful director there too. Actress Nigar Sultana was his second wife for 5 years.

After Partition,several artistes-heroes,heroines,Directors,Comedians,lyricists,Composers, Singers and character artistes migrated to Pakistan. Almost 90% of them failed there miserably. Some of them like Meena Shorey shone for a while but ended up in penury and anonymity. Exceptions were like Malika -e-Tarannum Noorjahan. from the successful artistes,the major chunk was musicians-composers like Khurshid Anwar,Nissar Bazmi, Nashad etc. Among the directors. S M Yusuf was the exception who succeeded. The migration of Cine artistes continued till 1965,when President General Ayub Khan banned Indian actors. Shaikh Mukhtar-1963 and Kumar-64 were probably the last to migrate to Pakistan. Till then some artistes like Sheila Ramani,Nasir Khan,pran,Manorama,composer Timir Baran etc went and worked in Pakistani films.

S.M.Yusuf started directing films in India from Bharat ke Laal-36. He directed 20 films like,Darban, Aaina, grihasthi, Saheli, Mehendi,GuruGhantal, Bahurani, Maalik, Gujara, Hyderabad ki Nazneen, Bikhre Moti etc.

When he went to Pakistan,in late 50s,he made his first film there Saheli,which was a ditto remake of his own Hindi film- Mehendi-1950. This film Saheli became such a great hit that it virtually grabbed all major awards including a Nigar award for S M Yusuf himself. He made about 13 films in Pakistan,before he died on 17-8-1994,at Lahore,from where he had begun his career !

Film Aaina-44 was a social film. It depicted a family, in which the mother in law, due to her short temper, querulous and quarrelsome nature almost destroys her happy family. She has 2 existing daughters in law who are submissive. The third daughter in law is different. Initially she tolerates mother in law’s tantrums,but later on she teaches her a lesson and brings peace and happiness back to the family. This type of stories were abundant in the 70s and 80s in Bollywood. Title Aaina was used in 1944,1977, 1993 and 2014 also.

Film Aaina-44 had 8 songs. 7 songs were already covered. Today’s song is the 8th and the final song of the film. So, film Aaina-44 joins those films which have ALL songs covered.


Song-Bharat Mata ki Beti shakti ka avtaar (Aaina)(1944) Singer-Zohrabai Ambalewali, Lyrics-Pt. Phani
MD- Fateh Ali Khan
chorus

Lyrics

Bharat Mata ki Beti
shakti ka avtaar

ae Bharat Mata ki Beti
shakti ka avtaar
ae Bharat Mata ki Beti
shakti ka avtaar

aa samay samay par devi toone
samay samay par devi toone
badla hai sansaar
samay samay par devi toone
badla hai sansaar
ae Bharat Mata ki Beti
shakti ka avtaar
ae Bharat Mata ki Beti
shakti ka avtaar

jahaan pati pooja karwaaya
wahaan shaanti laayi
jahaan pati pooja karwaaya
wahaan shaanti laayi

deep bani andhere ghar ka
shobha ban muskaayi
deep bani andhere ghar ka
shobha ban muskaayi

pati ki kismat ka hai taara
bindiya teri naam
pati ?? hai taaraaaa
bindiya teri naam
ae bharat mata ki beti
shakti ka avtaar
ae bharat mata ki beti
shakti ka avtaar

dheeraj tera dharam hai naari
daya hai teri shaan
dheeraj tera dharam hai naari
daya hai teri shaan

prem pujaaran tu satwanti
pati tera bhagwaan
prem pujaaran tu satwanti
pati tera bhagwaan

sote bhaagya jagaaye
tere paayal ki jhankaar
sote bhaagya jagaaye
tere paayal ki jhankaar
ae Bharat mata ki beti
shakti ka avtaar
ae Bharat mata ki beti
shakti ka avtaar

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2 Responses to "Bharat mata ki beti shakti ki avtaar"

Comprehensive write-up.Appreciate your painstaking details.

Thanks.

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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