Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Jaago Krishn muraari giridhaari

Posted on: January 29, 2022


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4943 Post No. : 16801

Today’s song is from the film Maharathi Karna-1944.

Karna is an interesting and a great character from Mahabharat. What most people know about Karna is that he was a ” Daan shoor ” or a great Donor. It is said that no one, who went to him to ask for anything, returned without getting it. There are many stories eulogizing his quality. But karna was much more than just this. He was a great Warrior. Though he was the king of Anga Desh (today’s Bihar/Bengal), he knew that he was indebted to the Kauravas for this honour.

Karna was aware that he was helping those who were in the wrong, but he was helpless in this case. He always felt that a lot of injustice was done to him by Destiny. He knew that he was the illegitimate child born to an unmarried Kunti. This made him the Eldest ” Pandava”, but he was denied his rights due to his birth – a matter which he had no control on! Embittered, he joined the opposition – the Kauravas, who gave him all the honours- only because he was a great Warrior and on their side.

Because of this, Karna had to keep quiet when a helpless Draupadi was being disrobed by his friend Duryodhan, before all the people. Not for anything else, but for this crime, he was killed when he became helpless due to breakage of his Chariot in the midst of the war, in spite of his cry that this was against the war rules- Adharm ! Lord Shrikrishna ensured that he got his punishment.

Those who have read Mahabharat, can you tell whyLord Shri Krishna had entered the Great War but did not fight himself ? Very few persons will know that Shri Krishna entered the great war not to ensure the victory of Pandavas. He had his own agenda. He wanted to ensure that some warriors got their punishment for their sins.

Duryodhana was killed because he disrobed a helpless woman, Jayadrath was killed because he was responsible for the death of Abhiumanyu in the Chakravyuh, Bhishma was kept on arrow-bed to see his kin getting killed before his eyes, for keeping quiet when Draupadi was disrobed, Dhritrashtra had to bear all his 100 sons killed because he never stopped them from doing sins. Not only Kauravas, but even Arjun, Yudhishthir, Balram etc got punished in other ways during the great war.

Film ” Maharathi Karna ” was also made in 1928 in the Silent era. The role of Karna was done by Balasaheb Yadav in that film. The film was directed by Damle and Fattelal, for Basburao Painter’s Maharashtra Film company. Bhalji Pendharkar was the assistant Director. This story of Karna fascinated him so much that at the first opportunity he remade this film, under his own Banner.

Besides the story, there was one more reason to make this film. When the silent film was being made in 1928, Bhalji first met Leela Chandragiri, his consort of many years. Ofcourse she was in her teens then, Later she got married and had children too before they came together again at a later time. In this film in 1944, Leela had an important role. One more actor – Indurao T Nimbalkar had acted in the Silent film of 1928. He was called again to do the same role in the 1944 film too.

Bhalji Perndharkar had initial training in Baburao Painter’s Maharashtra Film Company and later in Shantaram’s Prabhat Film company. So his basics were well founded. Shri BHALJI PENDHARKAR ( 03 May 1897 – 26 November 1994 ), was Film Director, Writer, Producer & Actor, of Marathi and Hindi films. Bhal ji Pendharkar (Bhalchandra Gopal Pendharkar) was the son of Dr.Gopal Pendharkar, the Royal Physician of Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state and his partner Radhabai. Dr. Gopal was already married to another lady. This couple gave birth to Bhalji and Baburao Pendharkar. Their mother Radhabai left Dr. Gopal Pendharkar and married Damodar Karnataki. They had two sons- Master Vinayak (father of Baby Nanda), famous actor, director, producer and a studio owner and his brother Vasudev- who became a Cameraman. Kamalabai, the younger sister of Radhabai married Rajaram Vankudre and they had 2 sons- V.Shantaram, famous actor, director,producer and a studio owner and his brother V. Awadhoot- equally famous Cinematographer.

Prabhat Film company shifted to Poona, but actress Leela Chandragiri chose to stay back in Kolhapur and decided to work with Bhalji Pendharkar. They became attracted to each other and got married. Leela had a son (Jaysingh) and a daughter(Madhavi- who married Marathi author Ranjit Desai. She also wrote one book.) already, but Bhalji adopted both children and gave them father’s love. Even Bhalji had one son from his first marriage-Prabhakar. Later, when they built their own studio, it was given the name Jayprabha. It combined his two sons’ names, JAYsingh and PRABHAkar.

During the riots in 1948, arising after Gandhi’s death, their Jayprabha studio was burnt, because Bhalji was a Brahmin. However, within few years he built it again. After Bhalji’s death the studio was purchased by Lata Mangeshkar.

Bhalji started his career in the era of silent films. He was associated with Prabhat Film Company’s earliest talkies, and also worked with other studios in hometown of Kolhapur. Later he acquired his own studio in the form of Jayprabha Studio and became a film producer and director. He also wrote lyrics for some film songs in Marathi. His more famous films are: Netaji Palkar, Thoratanchi Kamala, Chhatrapati Shivaji, Mohityanchi Manjula, Maratha Tituka Melvava, Sadhi Manse, Tambdi Maati. Hindi: Maharathi Karna, Valmiki, Chhatrapati Shivaji, Ganimi Kawa. He directed 9 Hindi films from 1932 to 1952.

A few years before his death, Bhalji was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award by the Indian Government in 1991.

Bhalji had two wives. One of whom, Leela Chandragiri, acted and sang in Hindi and Marathi films in 1930s and 40s, under the name Miss Leela. Bhalji’s son Prabhakar Pendharkar (1933 – 2010) was associated with making of Do Aankhen Barah Haath in 1950s, wrote the book रारंगढांग, and was author-director of noteworthy documentaries. Bhalji’s daughter Madhavi (? – 2013) author of ‘Naach Ga Ghuma’, was wife of renowned Marathi author Ranjeet Desai.

The cast of film Maharathi Karna-1944 was Prithviraj, Durga Khote, Leela, Nimbalkar, Shahu Modak, K N Singh, Swarnalata, Vasantrao pehelwan etc etc. Let us know more about this Nimbalkar. I.T.Nimbalkar aka Indurao T. Nimbalkar ( he was always credited as only ‘ Nimbalkar ‘ in all films) was born on 6-12-1893, in Kolhapur state. This was the time Kolhapur was slowly developing as Kalapur (hub of arts) and the seeds of film making were being planted there. Baburao Painter, one of the original film makers had started his ” Maharashtra Film Company” on 1-12 1917.

Baburao, Damle, Fattelal etc were taught painting By Anandrao painter, who was an extraordinary painter of those times. All these people, along with V Shantaram, Keshavrao Dhaiber and few more also joined Baburao painter’s Maharashtra Film company. True that, film making had started even earlier in Maharashtra, but Baburao painter is credited with making films a form of art and spreading it on a larger canvas of India.

Indurao Nimbalkar grew up in this atmosphere in Kolhapur. He passed his Matriculation exam and also did a diploma in Printing. Nimbalkar was six feet tall and had a good physique. He was expert in riding, swimming and wrestling. He did 1000 sit-ups every day. Shahu Maharaj, the king of Kolhapur encouraged all arts as well as development of lower castes. Arya Samaj had a ‘ Gurukul’ in Kolhapur. Impressed with Nimbalkar’s education and body, Shahu ji appointed him as Editor of the weekly ‘ Arya’ and secretary of Gurukul.

One day Baburao Painter, along with assistant V Shantaram visited his press and offered Nimbalkar a role in his proposed film Sairandhri. Shahu Maharaj also permitted and encouraged him ,so Nimbalkar joined the film line. He was already famous due to his fiery editorials and now people came to see his shootings too. However, due to money shortage, the film did not complete. ( It was later made in 1919, but with different cast. V Shantaram made coloured Sairandhri in 1933 with Nimbalkar again).

Nimbalkar acted in many silent films like Baji Deshpande, Khazanchi (directed by Moti gidwani- England returned), Lanka, Kismet (directed by Baburao Patel) etc etc. After the closure of Maharashtra F. Co., Nimbalkar was invited by V Shantaram to do Vishvamitra’s role in its first Talkie film ” Ayodhya ka Raja” -1932, in Hindi and Marathi. After this, he did Jalti Nishani-32, Sairandhri-33, Maya Machhindra-32, Sinhagadh-23 etc.

After this, Nimbalkar went to Calcutta on invitation and worked in films made by Radha Films, Laxmi Studios, Devdatta films and New Theatres. From 1934 to 1938, he acted in 12 Hindi films. He was provided a Bungalow, car with driver, servants etc. His son studied in local school there. Returning to Bombay he worked as an assistant director to Keshavrao Dhaiber for film ‘Nandkumar’-38, made by his Jayashree Films. Next 2 years he shuttled between Calcutta and Bombay. He did King Dashrath’s role in Prakash films’ Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43 in this period.

He was invited by V Shantaram for acting in his first film under banner of Rajkamal- Shakuntala-43. Nimbalkar did the role of Kanva Muni in it. He later also acted in Jeevan yatra-46, Subah ka tara-54, Parchhain-52, Teen batti char rasta-53, Toofan aur Diya-56, Z Z Payal baje-55. Earlier he did Aapki sewa mein-47, Prarthana-44,Nal Damayanti-45, Seedha Rasta-41, Gokul-46, Apna Ghar-42, Maharathi karna-44, Seeta Swayamvar-48. He worked in Pyasa-57, Mera Naam Joker-70, Amar Prem-60 etc etc. From 1928 to 1970 he acted in over 250 films.

His wife Sushila was also educated and looked after his home and children. She never visited any sets in her life time. Nimbalkar died on 17-1-1973 at Kolhapur. (Thanks to an article in book Chandraat-चांदरात by Babu Moshoi, in addition to my notes, HFGK, muVyz, CRTWF, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and Film India magazines).

There were only 6 songs in the film, composed by K.Datta aka Datta Korgaonkar. Today’s song is the 2nd song to feature here.


Song- Jaago Krishna muraari giridhaari(Maharathi Karna)(1944) Singers- Rajkumari ,unknown male voice, Lyricist- Pt. Shiv Kumar, MD- Datta Korgaonkar

Lyrics

Jaago o o o o
o o o o
o o o o
Jaago o o o o
o o o o
o o o o

jaago Krishn muraari
giridhaari
saanwariyaa
girdhaari
ee ee ee ee
ee ee ee ee
jaago krishn muraari
giridhaari
saanwariya
giridhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee
nar naari pashu panchhi jaage
nar naari pashu panchhi jaage
laage ?? dwaar
bachuwa bachhia tumhen pukaare
jaago hey nandlal
bachuwa bachhia tumhen pukaare
jaago hey nandlal
ab jaago
ab jaago kunjbihaari
giridhaari
saanwariya
giridhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee

ujhak jharokhe sooraj aaye
ujhak jharokhe sooraj aaye
kirnon ke naina lalchaaye
ae ae ae
ae ae ae
ae ae ae
bin darshan phulwa murjhaaye
ae
ae ae ae
bin darshan phulwa murjhaaye
darshan do banwaari
ab jaago
ab jaago kunjbihaari
girdhaari
saanwariyaa
girdhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee

main go ras duh kar laayi hoon
main go ras duh kar laayi hoon
prem bhaav bhar kar laayi hoon
prem bhaav bhar kar laayi hoon
naath jagaane ko aayi hoon
oon oon oon oon
naath jagaane ko aayi hoon
bhor huyi sukhkaari
ab jaago
ab jaago krishn muraari
giridhaari
saanwariyaa
giridhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee

2 Responses to "Jaago Krishn muraari giridhaari"

Appealing song ,typical of those times 🙂
Thanks for presenting.

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Thank you.
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