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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘K Datta


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3926 Post No. : 14994 Movie Count :

4103

Today’s song is from an old film of the first decade of the Talkie films-Mera Haq aka In search of happiness-39.

When New Theatres in Calcutta started making Talkie films, very soon their Bi-lingual films became very popular. There were quite a few reasons like, good actors, good songs and good distribution network pan India. However, I think, the most important reason of their success was that their films were primarily based on well known novels, dramas and stories. B N Sircar had understood that if the story is strong, the efforts of the Director and Composers will surely make the film a successful one.

The intelligent and business minded film makers of Bombay soon understood this and films on world famous novels, as well as popular Indian stories were made in Bombay too ! Soon, it was clear that more than being honest to the original story, the makers of Bombay were concentrating on commercial successes even at the cost of compromising the written script.

This, I feel was the basic difference between the mindset of the West and East parts of India. Learned, studious and highly principled Bengalese stuck religiously to the original stories, while in Bombay, Saraswati started working for Laksmi ! As the times went by and the Bengal empire of New Theatres crumbled, the importance of solid, strong story base for a film remained only a dream for Bombay. Still, Bangla Directors who came to Bombay in search for greener pasteurs, believed strongly and stuck to strong story base. This was generally the scenario till mid 50’s, after which everyone became commercial and story lines became secondary, optional and manipulable devices.

In the early era of the Talkie, Bilingual films in Bombay (Marathi and Hindi) was a common thing. Most films made in Kolhapur and Poona were also made in Hindi simultaneously. Many talented writers from Marathi literary field, like Hari narayan Apte, mama Varerkar, Ga. Di. Madgulkar, V S Khandekar, N S Phadke and Acharya Atre were connected with film industry. Baburao Painter, Master Vinayak, V Shantaram etc made best use of their talents in writing film stories.

Today’s film Mera Haq-39 was made by Huns Pictures of Master Vinayak. This film was based on a story of V S Khandekar (later on he became the first writer in Marathi to get the Sahitya Academi Award also). The film was made in Marathi and Hindi. The Marathi title of the film was ” Sukhacha Shodh” and the other title of Mera Haq was its translation ” In search of Happiness “. The Marathi story and dialogues were translated into Hindi by Pt. Anand kumar.

Like Pt. Mukhram Sharma of Prabhat films, Anand Kumar was also belonged to a Hindi speaking state, but both had mastered Marathi. I do not know if Pt. Anand kumar also married a Marathi actress like Mukhram Sharma who had married actress Shanta Muzumdar. Pt.Anand kumar was born in Delhi in 1907. He was a producer, director, writer and Lyricist. From childhood, he was not interested in studies in English medium. He was taught Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit by his poor Brahmin Shastri father. When he was 15 year old, he entered a business. He was always discontented. He wanted to become an actor, but family resisted. He tried fasting and even suicide. Then he stole some money and ran to Bombay. He could not get into any studio and after money finished, he returned to Delhi, only to take more money and run to Bombay again. Even after this failure, he went back to Delhi and started writing stories.
His first book ‘ Mera Huq ‘ became a hot seller and he started earning money. He was invited by film people and he went to Bombay nth time. He wrote stories, dialogues and Lyrics of scores of films and earned name and money. He produced a film ‘Zameen’-43, under his own banner Anand Brothers. He directed 5 films,including a Hit marathi film, Gora Kumbhar-42. Some of his films as a Lyricist were Suvarn Mandir-34,Katle aam-35, Pratibha-37, Divorce-38, Saathi-38, Alakh Niranjan-40, Punarmilan-40, Charnon ki Dasi-41, Raja Rani-42 etc. As a writer some films were, Divorce-38, Honhaar-36, Saathi-38, Vasant sena-42, Rang mahal-48 etc etc.

Film Mera haq-39 was directed by an exceptionally talented director Parshwanath Alatekar. This name too must be unknown to most people. Altekar (1897-1957) was from Khare Patan in Ratnagiri, the coastal Konkan area of Maharashtra. He was educated in Kolhapur and graduated from Sangli. He abandoned Law studies to direct a drama in 1922. Basically a drama enthusiast, Altekar entered film world in Marathi and directed many films in silent era. He joined hands with Sarpotdar, Master Vithal and Pendharkar brothers. In 1928, he made 4 films for Imperial film co, then for Saraswati Cinetone, Master Vinayak and Circo films. He made few Tamil and Kannada films too.

He floated his own company Natraj Cinetone and made Hindi/Marathi film Saathi/Savangadi in 1938 with Durga Khote and Mubarak. Meanwhile he worked for his pet drama group Natya Manwantar. Alatekar died on 22-11-1957 at Bombay. he directed 13 films including silent and Tamil/Kannada films. His Hindi films were Vasavdatta-34, Saathi-38, Mera Haque-39, Geeta 40 and Mahatma Vidur-43.

The lead actor in film Mera haq-39 was Baburao Pendharkar. Baburao Pendharkar(1896-1967) was a Pioneer Marathi actor and producer born in Kolhapur. Actor-manager of Maharashtra Film (1919); then a manager in Prabhat (1929); manager and main star at Kolhapur Cinetone (1933) and for several years associated with Master Vinayak at Huns Pics (1936) and Navyug Chitrapat; then producer with Navhans (1943). Best-known work after the mid-40s was with V. Shantaram at Rajkamal Kalamandir, including the classic role of the Chinese general in Dr Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani, and with his brother, the director Bhalji Pendharkar. Noted actor as a villain in mythologicals (e.g. in Shantaram’s Ayodhyecha Raja/Ayodhya Ka Raja, Kans in Vasant Joglekar’s Nand Kishore, and Keechaka in Pethkar’s Keechaka Vadha) and for character roles in socials by Atre (the crotchety grandfather in Shyamchi Aai; the title role of Mahatma Phule). Directed Prabhat’s only major Tamil film, Seeta Kalyanam, a landmark in Tamil cinema. Also a noted stage actor. His autobiography (1961/1983) is also an important record of Marathi film history. From Jalti Nishani-1932 to Amrapali-1966, he worked in 69 films in all.

The story of Mera haq was written by V S Khandekar and it depicted the importance of a joint family, role of the elders in controlling the wayward new generation. The story was…

Anand (Baburao Pendharkar) is a Professor in a college and married to Manik (Vimal Sardesai), who is all the time busy in doing social work and who, in the process, does not justify being a housewife, or a daughter in law or even a wife.
One day, Anand meets Miss Chanchal (Usha Mantri- one of the most beautiful actresses of those times), when he goes to meet a friend at Sahyadri Cinetone. Chanchal catches him in her net perfectly and he becomes mad after her.
When Anand’s life is mess with all this, he chances upon meeting Usha (Meenakshi Shirodkar), a poor little widow- whom Anand has saved from committing a suicide.

When Usha learns all the story from Anand, she goes and talks to Anand’s parents and Grandfather, in a village and brings them to live with Anand and Manik. Together they hatch a plan to repair the situation. They announce that Anand will marry Usha and bring her as his second wife as he is not getting any happiness from Manik. When Manik comes to know this, she gets panicky and mends her ways, leaving all social work and tries to be an ideal wife. Anand’s friend Chanchal also deserts him when she learns about his second marriage.

When all the matters settle down satisfactorily, Anand and Usha, in presence of elders of the family disclose the truth that they are not marrying each others and it was planned to show Manik where the real happiness lies.

In this case, the film’s Marathi version came out first and the Hindi version was released on 15-9-1939 at Majestic Cinema in Bombay, well after the Marathi film was released.

The lead actress Vimal Sardesai hailed from Konkan are and started her film career as baby Vimal. She acted in only 7 Hindi films. Her first film was Saathi-38. This was the Hindi version of Marathi film Savangadi-38, starring Durga khote and Mubarak Merchant. her second film was mera haq-39. It was her first film as a Heroine. This too was a Hindi version of Marathi film ‘ Sukhacha Shodh”. Then came Narsi Bhjagat-40 made by Prakash pictures, Alakh Niranjan-40 was a Hindi version of Marathi film Gorakhnath-40, Apna Ghar-42 was a Hindi version of Marathi film Aaple Ghar-40- directed by Debki Bose, his first film in Bombay, Wadia’s Shobha-42 and her last film was Mahatma Vidur-43, a Hindi version of Marathi film of the same name. This was also the last film of Parshwanath Altekar the director.
After this film Vimal Sardesai was traceless. Probably she got married and left films.

Today’s song is a female duet of Vimal Sardesai and Meenakshi Shirodkar. With this song, film mera haq-39 and singer Vimal Sardesai make their debut on this Blog.

(My thanks to ” Marathi Cinema in Retrospect”-Sanjit Narvekar, ” Maharashtra- Birthplace of Indian Film Industry”- Isak Mujawar, Encyclop. of Indian Cinema by Ashish Rajadhyaksha, Filmdom-46 and my notes, for information used herein.)


Song-Kheloongi kheloongi main aankh michauli kheloongi (Mera Haq)(1939) Singers- Meenakshi Shirodkar, Vimal Sardesai (Baby Vimal), Lyrics- Pt Anand kumar, MD-K Datta
Both

Lyrics

kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

main chaand talak chal jaaoonga
main kunj taley chhip jaaoonga

main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main aankh meench kar chhipti hoon
main tan ankhiyon se takti hoon
takne ka badla le loongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

main chhip jaaoon
jaa chhip jaa
main aa jaaoon
tu thham jaa

khushboo ban kar phoolon mein chhip
phoolon mein chhip
phoolon mein chhip
khushboo ban kar phoolon mein chhip
ya roop badal rangon mein chhip
belon mein chhip
kaliyon mein chhip
seene mein chhip
ya dil mein chhip
belon mein chhip
kaliyon mein chhip
seene mein chhip
ya dil mein chhip

main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3853 Post No. : 14865 Movie Count :

4065

Today’s song is from the film Maharathi Karna-44, a film produced by Prabhakar Films and directed by its owner Bhal G. Pendharkar. Lyricist was Pt. Shiv Kumar and the music was provided by K.Datta aka Datta Korgaonkar. This Mythological film had top class actors in its cast- Prithviraj Kapoor, Durga Khote, Leela Chandragiri, Shahu Modak, Swarnalata, K N Singh and many more in other roles.

During my journey of life, I have found that the common man ( of any religion) has very little knowledge of his own religion. Even most of the educated people have scant information about the basics in their religion. Probably Religion is considered as something one gets to know only in the old age, when nothing else is to do. Just to check this, ask anybody who was Vidur ( Uncle of Kauravas and Pandavas), who was Jayadrath ( Brother in law of Kauravas..Husband of Dushala) or even who was Mandavi ( wife of Bharata)and Shrutikirti ( wife of Shrutikirti). You can hardly find a person who can tell names of 4 Vedas ( Rigved, Saamved, Yajurved and Atharvaved).

This is not exclusive to Hindus alone. I asked some of my Muslim friends and they confided in me that they have never read the Quran. They only know Namaz. Christians too are in the same category. I do not say that everyone should be an expert in Religion. That would be too much to ask for, but I feel atleast a basic knowledge is a must. This is our Heritage and it is applicable to all religions equally.

While watching or reading about a Mythological film. the references and the contexts become easier to understand the story, if one has the basic knowledge. Today’s film Maharathi Karna is obviously about the character Karna. Instead of checking if one knows about him, let us have some information about him- a character from one of our Epics-Mahabharat. Karna represents a right person who was at the wrong place or the Good amonst the Bad. I sympathise with Karna, because I feel that he was forced by the circumstances to join the Evil Kaurav camp.

Karna also known as Vasusena, Anga-Raja, Sutaputra and Radheya, is one of the major characters in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. He is the son of Surya (the Sun deity) and princess Kunti (later the Pandava queen). He was conceived and born to unmarried teenage Kunti, who hides the pregnancy, then out of shame abandons the new born Karna in a basket on a river. The basket is discovered floating on the Ganges River. He is adopted and raised by foster Suta parents named Radha and Adhiratha Nandana of the charioteer and poet profession working for king Dhritarashtra. Karna grows up to be an accomplished warrior of extraordinary abilities, a gifted speaker and becomes a loyal friend of Duryodhana. He is appointed the king of Anga (Bengal) by Duryodhana. Karna joins the losing Duryodhana side of the Mahabharata war. He is a key antagonist who aims to kill Arjuna but dies in a battle with him during the Kurushetra war.

He is a tragic hero in the Mahabharata, in a manner similar to Aristotle’s literary category of “flawed good man”. He meets his biological mother late in the epic then discovers that he is the older half-brother of those he is fighting against. Karna is a symbol of someone who is rejected by those who should love him but do not given the circumstances, yet becomes a man of exceptional abilities willing to give his love and life as a loyal friend. His character is developed in the epic to raise and discuss major emotional and dharma(duty, ethics, moral) dilemmas. His story has inspired many secondary works, poetry and dramatic plays in the Hindu arts tradition, both in India and in southeast Asia.

A regional tradition believes that Karna founded the city of Karnal, in contemporary Haryana.

One of the cast was actress Swarnalata, who married director Nazir, converted to Islam and migrated to Pakistan after Partition. She was heroine of Pakistans first ever Silver jubilee film Pherey (1949. As heroine she was seen in movies like Laarey (1950), Sherhri Babu (1953), Heer (1955), Golden jubilee film Noukar (1955), Noor-e-Islam (1957), Azmat-e-Islam (1965).

She was character actress in movies like Sawaal (1966) and Dunya Na Manay (1971).

Sawarn Lata was born on 20-12-1924 as a Sikh and converted to Islam after she married prominent actor, producer and director Nazir. The first film they produced in Pakistan was Heer Ranjha, but film print was destroyed due to poor negative of the film.

Her converted name was Saeeda Bano, she was born in 1924 in Rawalpindi and died on February 8, 2008 at Lahore.

Before partition she worked in Awaz (1942), Ishara and Tasveer (1943), Bari Baat, Rattan, Swarn bhomi and Us paar (1945), Chand Tara, Laila Majnu, Preetima, Preet (1945), Insaaf, Maa Baap ki laaj and Sham Savera (1946) and Abida (1947).

Contrary to the prevailing custom of having around 10+ songs in a film, the composer K.Datta had only 6 songs in this film and rightly so as Maharathi Karna was a Mythological film. When the story is strong, there is no need of musical support to the film.

K.Datta or Datta Korgaonkar alias Anna saheb, was born in Sawantwadi in konkan area on 4-6-1908. He grew up learning to sing. His mother was a Bhajan singer. He started singing on stage during Ganesh utsav melas. He was called to Kolhapur in 1937 to give music to a Marathi film, Chandrarao Morey’-38. His first break in Hindi came in 1939 with Mera Haq,followed by Alakh Niranjan-40, Geeta-40 ( in Hindi and Marathi) and Yaad-42.

He first came face to face with Noorjehan in Naadaan-43. He was simply mesmerised with her voice and singing style. he composed 7 songs for Noorjehan. After doing Zameen-43 and Maharathi Karna-44, he again composed 4 songs for Noorjehan in film Badi Maa-45. He also gave a break to Lata and Asha to sing in a chorus with Noorjehan. It is very sad that initially, K.Datta’s name was not mentioned on the 78 RPM records of Badi Maa. Only on the ‘re-issue’ records his name came up.

His other films were Yateem-45,Shaahkaar-47,Rangmahal-48,meri kahani-48,Daaman-51,Gumaasta-51,Rishta-54,Harihar Bhakti-56 and Ajanabi-66. In all K.Datta gave independently music to just 17 films,plus one film Badmash-44,with Khan Mastana. His Marathi films were 12 from 1938 to 1965. After retirement in 1965,he spent his time in Bhakti, Pooja and Asrology. He used to have special Pooja on every Thursday,when Bhajans were sung. Many composers and other film industry people used to be his visitors. Naushad, C.Ramchandra, Madan Mohan, Sajjad Hussain etc were the regular visitors to Annasaheb. He died on 23-12-1978.

He was a Noorjehan believer to the core. To date K Datta remains the only top composer from Maharashtra to whom Noorjehan came first, Lata later. No one regretted Partition more than K Datta. Indeed, his creativity seemed to come to an end once Noorjehan left him high and dry by moving, with a song on her lips, to Pakistan. He once said, “Noor Jehan left for Pakistan and took my creativity with her”. The four Noorjehan numbers, as fashioned by K. Datta, are historically most important. Because it was hearing and absorbing these four nuggets of Noorjehan, while acting with her in `Badi Maa’, that Lata Mangeshkar learnt to shape her vocal technique. If Lata came to sound a Noorjehan replica for so long, the tonal base for this was laid, just imagine, by a robustly tall Maharashtrian from the ghats called K Datta in `Badi Maa’.The last number of Noorjehan fetched him the ultimate tribute from no less a movie stalwart than Mehboob Khan, who said: “Bhai Datta, yeh gaana to aap ne Khuda ke darbar mein baithe hue banaya lag raha hai” (“It sounds as if you created this song sitting in Allah’s abode”). K Datta used to play Ek anokha gham ek anokhi musibat ho gayi on a harmonium presented to him by O.P. Nayyar. How grimly significant that the one music director, O.P. Nayyar, who never in his life commissioned Lata, should have gifted that harmonium to the one Maharashtrian composer who believed only in Noorjehan!

Today’s song is a lovely song, with an excellent tune, sung by Rajkumari. With this song film Maharathi Karna-44 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Suno suno hum tumhen sunaayen(Maharathi Karna)(1944) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyrics-Pt. Shivkumar, MD-K Datta

Lyrics

Suno suno
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunaayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunaayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor

ik naari thhi bholi bhaali
pagli preetam ki matwaali
ik naari thhi bholi bhaali
pagli preetam ki matwaali
sunte ho
sunte ho kuchh saaj(?) piya ke
naari bani chakor
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunaayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor

?? kali kali ka lobhi
sunte ho
aji sunte bhi ho
?? bhanwra nirmohi
nikla
hmm
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor

preet ki aag se bhi na pighla
preetam ka man patthar nikla
preet ki aag se bhi na pighla
preetam ka man patthar nikla
naari laakh jatan kar haari
chala na kuchh bhi zor
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3726 Post No. : 14663

Today’s song is from film ‘Shahkaar’ (1947). Very few people must have heard about this film. That is probably because, it was made in 1947- the year of India’s partition. As the year 1947 began, news was circulating about the partition. Like many other industries, film industry was also worried. There was an air of uncertainty. Who will stay and who will migrate was hotly debated in the privacy of homes, studios and clubs. People looked at each others with suspicion. Muslims were worried about their safety in India, in spite of the assurances by Gandhi and Nehru.

Crores of rupees were invested in films. After the second world war started in 1939, lot of Black money was generated and much of it came to film industry. Investors, financiers and producers were worried about half made films. Everybody seemed to be in a hurry to finish his assignment on hand. Due to this the quantity of films increased, sadly at the cost of quality. 1947 saw a record number of films made in 1947- 181 Hindi films, the highest ever since films were made. It took another 40 years to break this record in 1988, when 185 films were made.

Almost 75 to 80 % films of 1947 were obscure and forgotten within a short time.Films like ‘Aisa Kyun’, ‘Atom Bomb’, ‘Barrister’, ‘Beete Din’, ‘Chalte Chalte’, ‘Chandrahaas’, ‘Dehati’, ‘Daulat Ke Liye’, ‘Extra Girl’, ‘Farz’, ‘Gaurav’, ‘Gudiya’, ‘Heera’, ‘Janata’, ‘Jhalak’, ‘Khandaani’, ‘Lalat’, ‘Manmaani’, ‘Mere Bhagwan’, ‘Mohan’, ‘Nai Baat’, ‘Pehla Pyar’, ‘Paro’, ‘Riwaaz’, ‘Shabari’, ‘Shahkaar’, ‘Tohfa’, ‘Toote Di’l, ‘Veerangana’ are some of the films made in 1947. How many of us even know about them? Actually, some of these were films in which well known and major stars of the times had acted. For example, ‘Mohan’ had Dev Anand as hero, ‘Lalat’ was the debut film of Usha Kiran (as Usha Marathe), Prem Adib and Vanmala had acted in ‘Chandrahaas’ etc.

Not that ALL films were bad. Certainly some famous and excellent films providing some milestones of Hindi cinema  were also made in 1947, like ‘Aapki Sewa Mein’ (first playback song of Lata Mangeshkar), ‘Bela’ (all 10 songs by Zohrabai Ambalawali), ‘Dard’ (debut song of Umadevi), ‘Elaan’ (a bold Muslim social film by Mehboob Khan), ‘Jugnu’ (the only film of Dilip Kumar and Noorjehan), ‘Meera’ (all 18 songs by MS Subbulaxmi), ‘Mirza Sahibaan’ (last film of Noorjehan in India), ‘Neel Kamal’ (debut of Raj Kapoor and Madhubala as lead pair), ‘Parwaana’ (last film of KL Saigal), ‘Shadi Se Pehle’ (first duet of Rafi and Lata) and ‘Shehnai’ (epoch making music by C Ramchandra).

Nevertheless partition did have an impact on the film industry, due to the migration of artistes from both countries. Lahore, an important city in the undivided Punjab in the pre-independence days was one of the major film making centres in India. Talented actors and musicians from all Punjab and Sindh area tried their luck in the Cine Industry at Lahore. Nevertheless, the biggest centre of film production was Bombay and it was every aspiring artist’s dream to go to Bombay and shine there.

The film activity at Lahore increased considerably in the early 1940s in terms of film production and music. Those days Lahore was called a supply source for Bombay, as many actors and musicians shifted their base to Bombay from there. In reality, a large number of star performers and music directors of Bombay film industry had their roots in the undivided Punjab. Many started careers in Lahore, some started from Calcutta and some even from Bombay itself. Most who were in Calcutta shifted to Bombay in early 40s ( but it had nothing to do with Partition). The list of such people is very long, but suffice to mention some well known names.

Noorjehan, Pran, KL Saigal, Prithviraj Kapoor and his sons, Shyam, Dilip Kumar, Surinder, Karan Dewan, Dev Anand, Balraj Sahni, Singer Khursheed, Mumtaz Shanti, Veena, Begum Para, Meena Shorey, Suraiya, Manorama, Kamini Kaushal, Shyama (Khursheed Akhtar), AR Kardar, M Sadiq, Suresh (Nazim Ahmed), Amar, Chetan Anand, Jhande Khan, Ghulam Haider, Pt Amarnath and his brothers Husnlal-Bhagatram, Hansraj Behl, S Mohinder, Feroz Nizami, Khursheed Anwar, Khayyam, Vinod, Shyamsunder, Kidar Sharma, Krishna Chander, OP Dutta, Saadat Hasan Manto, Qamar Jalalabadi, DN Madhok, Tanvir Naqvi, Prem Dhawan etc.

Many of the actors and producers used to shuttle between Lahore and Bombay for their work.

And then the PARTITION took place in 1947.

In the communal frenzy, polarisation of artistes took place. Hindus shifted to Bombay and Muslims left for Lahore. But there were some reverse migrations also in this period. One example each is of Sahir Ludhiyanvi who migrated to India, and Deebo Bhattacharya from Calcutta migrated to Karachi and prospered in Pakistan as a successful music Director.

Some of the families got divided, like Mehboob Khan opted to remain in India, but his brother MR Khan remained in Pakistan and worked as a well known producer. Juhi Chawla’s grandfather JC Anand and uncle Satish Anand stayed in Lahore. Consequently they became the pioneers of Pakistan Film Industry. After the divorce, Rafi’s wife also migrated to Pakistan with her children.

At the actual time of Partition some artists were in Lahore for film work. They were BR Chopra, Ramanand Sagar, IS Johar, Gulshan Rai, Omprakash, Jeevan, OP Nayyar, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Naqsh Lyallpuri, Surinder Kaur, Prakash Kaur and Pushpa Hans. They all left Lahore hurriedly and reached Bombay safely.

However this journey was not so safe for one actor – comedian Durga Prasad, known as Durga Mota. He was very fat. In the melee, he reached the Lahore station and somehow entered the train to Bombay. Suddenly a group of mad rioters entered the Lahore station and started killing the travellers. Most people ran helter skelter, but due to his heavy body, Durga Mota could not run and was cut into pieces on the Lahore station platform itself !

Same way many artists from Bombay left for Lahore and ALL of them reached safely.

I have full lists of who migrated, but to put it in short, some of the directors who migrated were,

Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi, SM Yousuf, Najam Naqvi, Munshi Dil, Nakshab Jarchavi, M Sadiq, Zia Sarhadi, Sibtain Fazli (of Fazli Brothers), ST Zaidi , Zahoor Raja, Wali Saheb and Manto.

Some of the heroes were- Nazeer, Sadiq Ali, Masood, Sudhir, Santosh, Ratan Kumar, Najmul Hussain, Suresh and Nasir Khan (both came back to India later), Sheikh Mukhtar.

Some of the actors were- M Ismail, Ajmal, Gulam Mohd, Kumar, Ghori, Majeed, Shahnawaz, Himalayawala, Shyam Kumar, Allauddin, Shah Shikarpuri, Charlie, Nazar Faizi etc.

Some of the Heroines were- Noorjehan, Meena Shorey, Khursheed, Zeenat Begum, Asha Posley, Najma, Kalawati, Rehana, Swarnalata, Ragini, Bibbo, Renuka Devi, Geeta Nizami, Maya Devi etc.

Some from the music field were- Khursheed Anwar, Inayat Hussain, Rafiq Gaznavi, GA Chisti, Ghulam Haider, Feroz Nizami, Nissar Bazmi, Nashaad, Tufail Faruqi, Tanvir Naqvi, Faiyaz Hasmi, Iqbal Bano, Premlata etc.

With so many people migrating to Pakistan at a time and the condition of Pakistan Film Industry then, it is a moot question, whether all these migrants could get work there and shine ?

There were 2 types of people who migrated-

  1. Those who had achieved their peaks already in India and
  2. Those who had just started their careers.

Obviously the second group, at least some of them, could do well there eventually.

Some of the successful migrants there were- Noorjehan, Khursheed Anwar, GA Chisti, Nissar Bazmi, Feroz Nizami, Najam Naqvi, Nakshab Jarchavi, Sibtain Fazli, Wali Saheb, Manto, Rashid Atre, Sudhir, Santosh, Asha Posley, Shameem, Najma, Yasmeen, Ragini, Zahoor Shah, Shaikh Iqbal, Himalayawala, Nazar, Rafiq Gaznavi, Tanvir Naqvi, Iqbal Bano etc.

The unfortunate ones were (some of them) – Meena Shorey, Ratan Kumar, M Sadiq, Charlie, Ghori, Kumar, Sheikh Mukhtar, Najmul Hussain, Neena, Kalavati, Maya Devi, Gulam Haider, Nashaad, Premlata etc.

Almost all the artists who shifted to Bombay prior to Partition did very well here.

There was a second wave of Migration in 1955-56, during which many artistes like Veera, Rattan Kumar, Rehana, Mumtaz Shanti, Meena Shorey, Wali Sahib, K Anwar etc migrated to Pakistan.

Partition did some damage to India, but as there was a second line waiting to take over, the impact was negligible. However, Pakistan had to build a new film industry with the help of the migrant artistes in almost all departments of film making. Once this generation ended their career, unfortunately there was not much of a second line to take over in Pakistan.

Here is an excerpt from a book “The Travels of Bollywood Cinema ” by Anjali Geeta Roy, in this connection…….

The rioting of 1947 set in motion irreversible, irrevocable migration. B R. Chopra and I S Johar were planning films in a big way for Lahore but had to run for their lives. Ramanand Sagar left in July, so did Gulshan Rai. Character actor Om Prakash (of Fateh Din fame, an all-time favourite skit relayed for years by Radio Lahore), comedian-bad man Jeevan and many others also left Lahore for Bombay. O P Nayyar recorded his immortal song Preetam Aan Milo/ Dukhia Jiya Bullai, Aan Milo at the His Master’s Voice studio in Lahore. He left Lahore only in 1948 when it became clear that people with the wrong religion were not going to return to their homes on either side of the Punjab. Writer Rajinder Singh Bedi escaped, sitting on top of a railway carriage carrying loads of Hindus and Sikhs out of Lahore. Song-writer Naqsh Lyallpuri began his literary career in Lahore as a journalist but had to leave in 1947. Punjabi singers, the sisters Surinder Kaur and Prakash Kaur, and Pushpa Hans also left Lahore.

Migration in the other direction also took place. Nazir and his wife Swarnlata, Noorjahan and her husband Shaukat Husain Rizvi, character actor Alauddin and many others headed for Lahore. Manto came in January 1948, music directors Ghulam Haider and Khurshid Anwar followed some years later and director M. Sadiq probably in 1969 or 1970. Meena Shori, Khurshid and Mumtaz Shanti also immigrated to Lahore. Some Pakistani actors in Lahore continued to use Hindu filmic names. Santosh Kumar (Musa Raza) and Sudhir (Shah Zaman), the two most famous heroes of the 1950s and 60s represented such practice. On both sides, initially considerable goodwill existed between the two film communities.

Some families were divided. Thus for example, while Nazir shifted to Lahore, his nephew K. Asif stayed on in Bombay. Kardar stayed on but his brother Nusrat Kardar and son Rauf Kardar returned to Lahore. While Suraiya, her mother and grandmother settled in Bombay, many of her other relatives shifted to Lahore. Rafi stayed on to reign supreme in Bombay while his parents and siblings were in Lahore.

There were some cross-religion marriages that created peculiar challenges. Raj Kapoor’s maama (maternal uncle) Mr Mehra married a Muslim, converted to Islam and stayed in Lahore. A unique case of reverse migration took place as well: poet Sahir Ludhianvi (Abdul Hai) left Lahore for India.

In the context of partition and its effect, if one sees, the film ‘Shahkaar’ was an ordinary film. The director of the film, the hero Shah Nawaz and few actors like Nazma, Majid, Mehdi Raza, Maqbool etc. migrated to Pakistan after partition. Obviously these artistes were in a hurry to complete the film, which affected the quality of the film.

The music director was K Datta aka Datta Korgaonkar. There were only 7 songs – all written by Arzoo Lucknowi. The film was directed by S Khalil, who directed 7 films in all in India. Shah Nawaz continued his career in Pakistan by acting in 41 films there (32 Urdu and 9 Punjabi). He died on 18-6-1971 in Karachi. Today’s song is sung by a young Mohd Rafi and Shamshad Begam. Rafi sounds very fresh here.

[Author’s Notes – the lists of names given here are indicative and not exhaustive. Migration period is considered as 1947 to 1970.]
[Acknowledgements – My thanks to Harish Lalwani of Hyderabad-Sindh and Rafiq Ansari of Lahore. Credits – HFGK, ‘Mourning the Nation’ by Bhaskar Sarkar, ‘Partition’ by Kavita Daiyya, “The Travels of Bollywood Cinema ” by Anjali Geeta Roy, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and my notes.]


Song-Ye duniya hai sab prem ki (Shahkar)(1947) Singers-Rafi, Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Aarzoo Lucknowi, MD-K Datta

Lyrics

o o o
o o o
o o o
o o o
o o o
o o o o
o o o o

ye duniya hai sab prem ki
tu prem kiye ja
ye duniya hai sab prem ki
tu prem kiye ja
haan prem kiye ja
duniya mein jiye ja
haan prem kiye ja
duniya mein jiye ja

aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
o dharti ke raaja
aa aa aa aa
tere haath mein baaja
tere hath me baaja

o chaand ki raani
aa aa aa
teri mast jawaani,
teri mast jawaani
tu chaand mere dil ka hai
aankhon ka hai taara
mamta ne kiya phoolon mein chhip chhip ke ishaara
sandesh mujhe chupke se pardon mein diye ja
o chaand ki raani
o dharti ke raaja
o chaand ki raani
aaja
aaja
aaja

main aati to hoon
par tu mujhe chhed na dena
main aati to hoon
par tu mujhe chhed na dena
o baanke lutere
o baanke lutere
tu kahin loot na lena
tu kahin loot na lena
haan chhed na dena
mujhe tu loot na lena
haan chhed na dena
mujhe tu loot na lena

aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
mohabbat sharaab aur mohabbat jawaani
mohabaat jawaani
jawaani deewaani

behoshi ke mausam mein
behoshi ke mausam mein
lagaataar piye ja,
lagaataar piye ja
aur yoon hi jiye ja
aur yoon hi jiye ja
aur yoon hi jiye ja
aur yoon hi jiye ja


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3671 Post No. : 14552

We have read many accounts of artists, famous as well as obscure and those in between, in the blog. One theme that repeatedly gets played while discussing all these artists is that very few of them managed to have successful and fruitful careers throughout their lives. In most cases, a vast majority of aspirants failed to achieve any worthwhile success. Some relatively lucky persons managed to achieve some modicum of success though that was not enough for them to be considered as successful.

Then these are some people whose tales turned out to be rags to riches and hen back to rags !

We have described many such artists in the blog- for instance names like Master Nisar, Bhagwan Dada, Vatsala Kumthekar readily come to mind.

Why is it so that some successful artists managed to remain successful throughout their careers whereas some artists, having tasted crazy stardom could not handle that and came crashing down !

If one tries to analyse such cases, may be one can come to some conclusions that may help explain the matter.

I, with my experience, have this hypothesis that every individual needs to be good at (1) his chosen profession (2) his inter personal relations and (3) financial matters.

1. Good in chosen profession:-
There are a good number of people who believe that one needs to have “talent” in his chosen field and that would take care of the rest. That is hardly the case. One gets to show one’s “talent” only when one gets the “breaks”. And one needs qualities like patience, persistne, tenaciy, fighting spirit, strength of character, never say die spirit etc that are essential without which one can not get the right reaks. Once a person gets the break, he needs to make it count. If he fails at first, he still needs to persist.

Moreover, one needs to keep reinventing oneself instead of just doing the same old stuff again and again which after some time may turn stale and unappealing to the public.

2. Inter personal relations- No matter how “talented” a person may be in his profession, if he is unable to get along with people, including his patrons/ employers then one can be prety sure that the person will only get limited opportunities to prove his worth. A Sajjad Hussain, exteremely talented musician but quite poor in getting along with people, readily comes to mind. O P Nayyar is another such example though he managed to have far more success than Sajjad Hussain. But that was inspite of his poor man management skills, and not because of that. As soon as success began to desert him, O P Nayyar found himself getting snubbed by even those whom he had helped get established in their careers.

3. Financial matters- This third and final point is the most underrated one. No matter how much one knows about one’s profession, one needs to have good understnding of financial matters. If one is unable to handle one’s finances well, then the money will sooner or later part ways with the artist who is not savvy enough to be able to manage his finances well.

Sadly, Indians in the past were brought up to believe that poverty was noble while being rich was evil. Our leaders made us think so. With some exceptions, most leaders themselves came from moneyed families and continued to remain moneyed while glorifying poverty. Little wonder then that many artists who suddenly found themselves covered with money were unable to handle success. They had no clue what to do with all that money and they blew the money up.

There were some wise artists, who were like the political leaders. While they often championed the cause of povery on screen, they were savvy enough to soon turn movie producers and thus became the owners rather than employees of the movie making business. Ashok Kumar is aclassic example. He was a humble lab technician in fild world. A chance occurence found himself being made the hero of a movie opposite a lady who was his employer, no less ! And in less than a decade, the business savvy Ashok Kumar had become a film studio owner and film producer. Ashok Kumar was one filmy character who never saw and bad days, financially speaking, throughout his long career in Hindi movies.

People who woud fail to capitalise despite getting good opportunities were those who lacked the abbilities to sell themselves. It does not surprise me to realise that this category of artts are those who were rather poorly educated. So they did not have the wisdom that a well rounded formal education could have given them. They often did not know how to get heir due or how to survive in the film world.

If one looks at Mubarak Begam, one can see that she was an extremely talented playback singer no doubt but she lacked in the other departments that I have discussed. She had no idea how to sell her artistry among film producers as well as music directors who ultimately decide the playback singers for their movies. The fact that she was poorly educated (in fact uneducated) was a clear handicap for her.

The fact that she ended up in a poor financial condition is also a well known fact. And that should come as no surprise really.

With this background, let us have a song sung by an artist who was “talented” in singing but was not quite so in matters of “inter personal relations: as well as “financial matters”. I am talking about Mubarak Begam

“Rishta”(1954)was produced by Rashid Parvez and directed by Aslam for Rajasthan Productions, Bombay. This movie had Nigar Sultana, Suresh, Anwar, S Nazir, Rai Mohan, Leela Mishra, Neelam, Faizi, Agni, Sheikh, Ramlal, K R Thapar, Baby Chaand, Nadir, Kalyan, Vijaylaxmi etc in it.

This movie had seven songs in it. Four of these songs have been covered in the blog in the past.

Here is the fifth song from “Rishta”(1954) to appear in the blog. This song, a forgotten gem, is sung by Mubarak Begam. Pt Phani is the lyricist. Music is composed by K Datta aka Datta Korgaaonkar.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Kya khabar thhi yoon tamanna khaaq mein mil jaaayegi (Rishta)(1954) Singer-Mubarak Begam, Lyrics-Pt Phani, MD-K Datta

Lyrics

kya khabar thhi
yoon tamanna khaaq mein mil jaayegi
kya khabar thhi
yoon tamanna khaaq mein mil jaayegi
hum to samjhe thhe
mohabbat raas hamko aayegi
hum to samjhe thhe
mohabbat raas hamko aayegi

ashq aankhon mein machal kar
keh rahe hain baar baar
dil ki dhadkan dard ban kar
har ghadi tadpaayegi
kya khabar thhi
yoon tamanna khaaq mein mil jaayegi

ghamzadon ka koi na hoga
is jahaan mein gham gusaar(?)
ghamzadon ka koi na hoga
is jahaan mein gham gusaar(?)
zindagi ko har kadam par
maut bhi thukraayegi
raat rone mein kategi
din katega yaad mein
raat rone mein kategi
din katega yaad mein
ye judaai bewafaai
umr bhar tadpaayegi
kya khabar thhi
yoon tamanna khaaq mein mil jaayegi


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3644 Post No. : 14473

“Harihar Bhakti”(1956) was produced and directed by C Raghuveer for Raghuveer Chitra Niketan, Bombay. This mytholomovie had Asha Mathur, trilok Kapoor, Vivek, Maruti, Shahu Modak, Ulhas, Durga Khote, Indira, Heera Sawant, Ramesh Sinha, Shrawan Kumar, Rajan Kapoor, Nayantara etc in it.

The movie had eleven songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the thirds song from “Harihar Bhakti”(1956) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Lata. S P Kalla is the lyricist. Music is composed by K Datta.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Aankh mein aansoo jiya mein aas haaye jal rahe(Harihar Bhakti)(1956) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-S P Kalla, MD-K Datta

Lyrics

Aankh mein aansoo
jiya mein aas haaye jal rahe
aankh mein aansoo
jiya mein aas haaye jal rahe
meri qismat ke sitaare
munh chhupa kar dhhal rahe
meri qismat ke sitaare
munh chhupa kar dhhal rahe
aankh mein aansoo
jiya mein aas haaye jal rahe

maa uthho ab nain kholo o o
maa aa
maa uthho ab nain kholo
aaj meri pat rahe ae
bujh na jaaye
aas ke jo man mein deepak jal rahe
aankh mein aansoo
jiya mein aas haaye jal rahe

chheen mat mere sahaare
paaon padti hoon tere ae
paaon padti hoon tere ae
milan ki aasha sanjoye
aankh mere chal rahe
aankh mein aansoo
jiya mein aas haaye jal rahe

maut ke baadal ghire hain
kaun mere dukh hare ae
bhool kya jis par vidhaata
aaj mujh ko chhal rahe
aankh mein aansoo


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3518 Post No. : 14130

“Daaman” (1951) was directed by Nanabhai Bhatt for Madhukar Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Ajit, Nigar Sultana, Pran, Yashodhara Katju, Agha, Hiralal etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Six of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the seventh song from “Daaman”(1951) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Anjum Jaipuri is the lyricist. Music is composed by K Datta.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

This movie “Daaman” (1951) has the distinction of introducing the first “Lata-Asha Bhonsle” duet in Hindi movies. This song under discussion achieves a rather “artificial” distinction in the blog. It becomes the 1200th solo song sung by Asha Bhonsle in the blog. 🙂


Song-Ho Chale hain teer nazar ke (Daaman)(1951) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Anjum Jaipuri, MD-K Datta

Lyrics

ho o o o
chale hain teer nazar ke
idhar se bhi
udhar se bhi
ho o o o o
chale hain teer nazar ke
idhar se bhi
udhar se bhi

huye hain pyaar ke waade
o o o o o o
huye hai pyar ke wade
ho o o o
idhar se bhi
udhar se bhi
ho o o o o
chale hai tir nazar ke
idhar se bhi
udhar se bhi

ho o o o o
hoo o o o o
kiye thhe khushgawaar(?) aankhon hi aankhon ki mohabbat mein
kiye thhe khushwaar(?) aankhon hi aankhon ki mohabbat mein
ishaaron mein jawaab aaye ho o o o
ishaaron mein jawaab aaye
ho o o o
idhar se bhi udhar se bhi
o o o o
chale hain teer nazar ke
idhar se bhi udhar se bhi
o o o o o
o o o o

ho o
zabaan khaamosh hai lekin
ho o
zabaan khaamosh hai lekin
nigahe baat karti hai aenaen
nigahe bat karti hai aen aen
hue hain kaise ishaare
ho o o o
hue hain kaise ishare
ho o o o
idhar se bhi
udhar se bhi
ho o o o
chale hain teer nazar ke
idhar se bhi
udhar se bhi

laalalalalalala
hahahahahaha

patange jhoom jhoom kar
patange jhoom jhoom kar
aaye kahaan ye shama ne hans kar
haay
shamma ne hans kar
haay
lage hain dil pe nishaane ho o o ho o
lage hain dil pe nishaane ho o o
idhar se bhi
udhar se bhi
ho o o o
chale hain tee nazar ke
idhar se bhi
udhar se bhi


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

After discussing over 13600 songs in the blog, which is roughly 25 % of all Hindi movie songs created upto 1980 and nearly 40 % percent of all the available songs (my rough estimate), one may feel that almost all great songs have already been covered in the blog. May be we have covered majority of “well known” songs, but I keep discoveing great “lesser known” or “forgotten” gems almost on a daily basis. Some of them are such great songs to listen to that I want to hold them back for special occasions. But I find that there are so many of them and holding all of them back for special occasions would mean that I would have very few songs available for immediate discussion.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from film ‘Geeta’ (1940), which makes a debut on our Blog. The song is sung by Baby Suman, who too makes a debut here. The lyricist is SK Kalla and the composer is DP Korgaonkar aka K Datta.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Bharat Upadhyay, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Lata’s Songs NOT YET covered on our Blog – 18
————————————————
Meri Kahaani, (1948) was produced by Super Team Federal Productions, Bombay and directed by Keki Mistry. It had a star-cast consisting of Surendra, Munnawar Sultana, Pratima Devi, Sanobar, Leela Kumari, Ramesh Sinha, Bhudo Advani, Santosh Kumar, Murad Khan, Vaskar etc.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Bharat Upadhyay, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Lata’s Songs NOT YET covered on our Blog – 17
————————————————
Meri Kahaani, was produced by Super Team Federal Productions, Bombay and directed by Keki Mistri. It had star-cast consisting of Surendra, Munavvar Sultana, Pratima Devi, Sanobar, Leela Kumari, Ramesh Sinha, Bhudo Advani, Santosh Kumar, Murad Khan, Vaskar etc.
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 15000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3900 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15001

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1167
Total Number of movies covered =4106

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