Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘K Datta


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4943 Post No. : 16801

Today’s song is from the film Maharathi Karna-1944.

Karna is an interesting and a great character from Mahabharat. What most people know about Karna is that he was a ” Daan shoor ” or a great Donor. It is said that no one, who went to him to ask for anything, returned without getting it. There are many stories eulogizing his quality. But karna was much more than just this. He was a great Warrior. Though he was the king of Anga Desh (today’s Bihar/Bengal), he knew that he was indebted to the Kauravas for this honour.

Karna was aware that he was helping those who were in the wrong, but he was helpless in this case. He always felt that a lot of injustice was done to him by Destiny. He knew that he was the illegitimate child born to an unmarried Kunti. This made him the Eldest ” Pandava”, but he was denied his rights due to his birth – a matter which he had no control on! Embittered, he joined the opposition – the Kauravas, who gave him all the honours- only because he was a great Warrior and on their side.

Because of this, Karna had to keep quiet when a helpless Draupadi was being disrobed by his friend Duryodhan, before all the people. Not for anything else, but for this crime, he was killed when he became helpless due to breakage of his Chariot in the midst of the war, in spite of his cry that this was against the war rules- Adharm ! Lord Shrikrishna ensured that he got his punishment.

Those who have read Mahabharat, can you tell whyLord Shri Krishna had entered the Great War but did not fight himself ? Very few persons will know that Shri Krishna entered the great war not to ensure the victory of Pandavas. He had his own agenda. He wanted to ensure that some warriors got their punishment for their sins.

Duryodhana was killed because he disrobed a helpless woman, Jayadrath was killed because he was responsible for the death of Abhiumanyu in the Chakravyuh, Bhishma was kept on arrow-bed to see his kin getting killed before his eyes, for keeping quiet when Draupadi was disrobed, Dhritrashtra had to bear all his 100 sons killed because he never stopped them from doing sins. Not only Kauravas, but even Arjun, Yudhishthir, Balram etc got punished in other ways during the great war.

Film ” Maharathi Karna ” was also made in 1928 in the Silent era. The role of Karna was done by Balasaheb Yadav in that film. The film was directed by Damle and Fattelal, for Basburao Painter’s Maharashtra Film company. Bhalji Pendharkar was the assistant Director. This story of Karna fascinated him so much that at the first opportunity he remade this film, under his own Banner.

Besides the story, there was one more reason to make this film. When the silent film was being made in 1928, Bhalji first met Leela Chandragiri, his consort of many years. Ofcourse she was in her teens then, Later she got married and had children too before they came together again at a later time. In this film in 1944, Leela had an important role. One more actor – Indurao T Nimbalkar had acted in the Silent film of 1928. He was called again to do the same role in the 1944 film too.

Bhalji Perndharkar had initial training in Baburao Painter’s Maharashtra Film Company and later in Shantaram’s Prabhat Film company. So his basics were well founded. Shri BHALJI PENDHARKAR ( 03 May 1897 – 26 November 1994 ), was Film Director, Writer, Producer & Actor, of Marathi and Hindi films. Bhal ji Pendharkar (Bhalchandra Gopal Pendharkar) was the son of Dr.Gopal Pendharkar, the Royal Physician of Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state and his partner Radhabai. Dr. Gopal was already married to another lady. This couple gave birth to Bhalji and Baburao Pendharkar. Their mother Radhabai left Dr. Gopal Pendharkar and married Damodar Karnataki. They had two sons- Master Vinayak (father of Baby Nanda), famous actor, director, producer and a studio owner and his brother Vasudev- who became a Cameraman. Kamalabai, the younger sister of Radhabai married Rajaram Vankudre and they had 2 sons- V.Shantaram, famous actor, director,producer and a studio owner and his brother V. Awadhoot- equally famous Cinematographer.

Prabhat Film company shifted to Poona, but actress Leela Chandragiri chose to stay back in Kolhapur and decided to work with Bhalji Pendharkar. They became attracted to each other and got married. Leela had a son (Jaysingh) and a daughter(Madhavi- who married Marathi author Ranjit Desai. She also wrote one book.) already, but Bhalji adopted both children and gave them father’s love. Even Bhalji had one son from his first marriage-Prabhakar. Later, when they built their own studio, it was given the name Jayprabha. It combined his two sons’ names, JAYsingh and PRABHAkar.

During the riots in 1948, arising after Gandhi’s death, their Jayprabha studio was burnt, because Bhalji was a Brahmin. However, within few years he built it again. After Bhalji’s death the studio was purchased by Lata Mangeshkar.

Bhalji started his career in the era of silent films. He was associated with Prabhat Film Company’s earliest talkies, and also worked with other studios in hometown of Kolhapur. Later he acquired his own studio in the form of Jayprabha Studio and became a film producer and director. He also wrote lyrics for some film songs in Marathi. His more famous films are: Netaji Palkar, Thoratanchi Kamala, Chhatrapati Shivaji, Mohityanchi Manjula, Maratha Tituka Melvava, Sadhi Manse, Tambdi Maati. Hindi: Maharathi Karna, Valmiki, Chhatrapati Shivaji, Ganimi Kawa. He directed 9 Hindi films from 1932 to 1952.

A few years before his death, Bhalji was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award by the Indian Government in 1991.

Bhalji had two wives. One of whom, Leela Chandragiri, acted and sang in Hindi and Marathi films in 1930s and 40s, under the name Miss Leela. Bhalji’s son Prabhakar Pendharkar (1933 – 2010) was associated with making of Do Aankhen Barah Haath in 1950s, wrote the book रारंगढांग, and was author-director of noteworthy documentaries. Bhalji’s daughter Madhavi (? – 2013) author of ‘Naach Ga Ghuma’, was wife of renowned Marathi author Ranjeet Desai.

The cast of film Maharathi Karna-1944 was Prithviraj, Durga Khote, Leela, Nimbalkar, Shahu Modak, K N Singh, Swarnalata, Vasantrao pehelwan etc etc. Let us know more about this Nimbalkar. I.T.Nimbalkar aka Indurao T. Nimbalkar ( he was always credited as only ‘ Nimbalkar ‘ in all films) was born on 6-12-1893, in Kolhapur state. This was the time Kolhapur was slowly developing as Kalapur (hub of arts) and the seeds of film making were being planted there. Baburao Painter, one of the original film makers had started his ” Maharashtra Film Company” on 1-12 1917.

Baburao, Damle, Fattelal etc were taught painting By Anandrao painter, who was an extraordinary painter of those times. All these people, along with V Shantaram, Keshavrao Dhaiber and few more also joined Baburao painter’s Maharashtra Film company. True that, film making had started even earlier in Maharashtra, but Baburao painter is credited with making films a form of art and spreading it on a larger canvas of India.

Indurao Nimbalkar grew up in this atmosphere in Kolhapur. He passed his Matriculation exam and also did a diploma in Printing. Nimbalkar was six feet tall and had a good physique. He was expert in riding, swimming and wrestling. He did 1000 sit-ups every day. Shahu Maharaj, the king of Kolhapur encouraged all arts as well as development of lower castes. Arya Samaj had a ‘ Gurukul’ in Kolhapur. Impressed with Nimbalkar’s education and body, Shahu ji appointed him as Editor of the weekly ‘ Arya’ and secretary of Gurukul.

One day Baburao Painter, along with assistant V Shantaram visited his press and offered Nimbalkar a role in his proposed film Sairandhri. Shahu Maharaj also permitted and encouraged him ,so Nimbalkar joined the film line. He was already famous due to his fiery editorials and now people came to see his shootings too. However, due to money shortage, the film did not complete. ( It was later made in 1919, but with different cast. V Shantaram made coloured Sairandhri in 1933 with Nimbalkar again).

Nimbalkar acted in many silent films like Baji Deshpande, Khazanchi (directed by Moti gidwani- England returned), Lanka, Kismet (directed by Baburao Patel) etc etc. After the closure of Maharashtra F. Co., Nimbalkar was invited by V Shantaram to do Vishvamitra’s role in its first Talkie film ” Ayodhya ka Raja” -1932, in Hindi and Marathi. After this, he did Jalti Nishani-32, Sairandhri-33, Maya Machhindra-32, Sinhagadh-23 etc.

After this, Nimbalkar went to Calcutta on invitation and worked in films made by Radha Films, Laxmi Studios, Devdatta films and New Theatres. From 1934 to 1938, he acted in 12 Hindi films. He was provided a Bungalow, car with driver, servants etc. His son studied in local school there. Returning to Bombay he worked as an assistant director to Keshavrao Dhaiber for film ‘Nandkumar’-38, made by his Jayashree Films. Next 2 years he shuttled between Calcutta and Bombay. He did King Dashrath’s role in Prakash films’ Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43 in this period.

He was invited by V Shantaram for acting in his first film under banner of Rajkamal- Shakuntala-43. Nimbalkar did the role of Kanva Muni in it. He later also acted in Jeevan yatra-46, Subah ka tara-54, Parchhain-52, Teen batti char rasta-53, Toofan aur Diya-56, Z Z Payal baje-55. Earlier he did Aapki sewa mein-47, Prarthana-44,Nal Damayanti-45, Seedha Rasta-41, Gokul-46, Apna Ghar-42, Maharathi karna-44, Seeta Swayamvar-48. He worked in Pyasa-57, Mera Naam Joker-70, Amar Prem-60 etc etc. From 1928 to 1970 he acted in over 250 films.

His wife Sushila was also educated and looked after his home and children. She never visited any sets in her life time. Nimbalkar died on 17-1-1973 at Kolhapur. (Thanks to an article in book Chandraat-चांदरात by Babu Moshoi, in addition to my notes, HFGK, muVyz, CRTWF, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and Film India magazines).

There were only 6 songs in the film, composed by K.Datta aka Datta Korgaonkar. Today’s song is the 2nd song to feature here.


Song- Jaago Krishna muraari giridhaari(Maharathi Karna)(1944) Singers- Rajkumari ,unknown male voice, Lyricist- Pt. Shiv Kumar, MD- Datta Korgaonkar

Lyrics

Jaago o o o o
o o o o
o o o o
Jaago o o o o
o o o o
o o o o

jaago Krishn muraari
giridhaari
saanwariyaa
girdhaari
ee ee ee ee
ee ee ee ee
jaago krishn muraari
giridhaari
saanwariya
giridhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee
nar naari pashu panchhi jaage
nar naari pashu panchhi jaage
laage ?? dwaar
bachuwa bachhia tumhen pukaare
jaago hey nandlal
bachuwa bachhia tumhen pukaare
jaago hey nandlal
ab jaago
ab jaago kunjbihaari
giridhaari
saanwariya
giridhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee

ujhak jharokhe sooraj aaye
ujhak jharokhe sooraj aaye
kirnon ke naina lalchaaye
ae ae ae
ae ae ae
ae ae ae
bin darshan phulwa murjhaaye
ae
ae ae ae
bin darshan phulwa murjhaaye
darshan do banwaari
ab jaago
ab jaago kunjbihaari
girdhaari
saanwariyaa
girdhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee

main go ras duh kar laayi hoon
main go ras duh kar laayi hoon
prem bhaav bhar kar laayi hoon
prem bhaav bhar kar laayi hoon
naath jagaane ko aayi hoon
oon oon oon oon
naath jagaane ko aayi hoon
bhor huyi sukhkaari
ab jaago
ab jaago krishn muraari
giridhaari
saanwariyaa
giridhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4908 Post No. : 16719

Today’s song is from the film Harihar Bhakti-1956. This was a story from Vishnu Puran. It is also mentioned in Shiv Puran as a story on Banasur. of course the story was adapted to suit the film requirements. When such stories are used for films, naturally there is plenty of room for adaptation and imagination, because every detail is not mentioned in the original story.

The 50’s decade for Hindi films was a Golden period for religious and Mythological films. Ever since the Talkie films started, the maximum and consistently religious films were made in this decade. In the 10 year period 124 religious films were made, which works out to an average of one such film per month for 10 continuous years. I have been watching films since the late 40s, but I too have seen maximum films in this decade only.

I loved seeing religious films. As such ours was a religious minded family. We had constructed a big Shiv temple within the compound of our house. It was open to all people, with a separate entry point. This was possible as it was about 30 feet away from our bungalow on an adjacent plot. Every festival was celebrated and Mahashivratri was a big event. Due to all this ,I became interested in reading Vedas, Purans and other religious books. I am not a religious person in actions. I hardly visit temples or do regular daily pooja at home. But I am a strong believer in my religion and I am convinced that the Hindu religion is the greatest in the world.However, I dont go out and show off my religious opinions. I believe that Religion is a Personal matter and one should limit it to his doorstep only.

Nevertheless, I am pained to see the apathy and ignorance of our religion in the younger generation. The other day, I saw one video in which questions on religion, Ramayan and Mahabharat were asked to college students and to my dismay 99 % of students gave wrong answers or no answers. It is not their fault. Today the lifestyles have become suchthat the parents themselves do not set any example for their children in this matter. Anyway, this is a different issue…..

Initially, I used to like religious films for their trick scenes and miracles. Later on I started observing how the original stories have been twisted, adapted or even changed to suit the cinematic needs. The efforts are to exaggerate in order to impress the audience, no matter if the story gets distorted.

I am sure that very few people today know there are two major sects in religion. They are ” SHAIV”s – those who worship Lord Shiv and the other is “VAISHNAV”s – those who worship Lord Vishnu. Few generations ago, there were no marriages between these two sects. Today, of course people do not even know which sect they belong to.

Film Harihar Bhakti-56 is about this division of sects and how in one case, Shiv ji and Vishnu ji came face to face in case of a Shiv devotee whom Shiv ji had given a Boon and Vishnu ji wanted to kill him for Mankind. HARIHAR BHAKTI-1956 is a story of the age-old feud between the Vaishnaites (Vishnu Bhakt) and the Shaivites (Shiv Bhakts).it tells us that the GOD is one,in different forms.

A Raghuvir chitra niketan film,it was produced and directed by C.Raghuvir.The music was by K.Datta(Datta Korgaonkar) and lyricists were S.P.Kalla,Odak and Agrawal.

BANASUR the king of Rakshasas was a great Shiv bhakta and after a hard tapasya,he gets a boon from Lord Shiva that he will NOT die at the hands of any mortal.Powered with this boon,he starts torturing Vaishnavites and converting them forcibly to Shaivites.
Banasur(Ulhas) has a daughter Usha(Asha Mathur).he wants her to marry only a Shiv Bhakta.Usha,one day sees a young man Anirudha(Vivek) in her dreams and falls in his love.he is grandson of Krishna.Chitralekha(Nayantara),her saheli brings Anirudha-in his sleep-to Usha and they get married.Banasur learns this and fights with Anirudha,throwing Sarp-Astra over him.His grandfather krishna comes to know this thru Naradmuni and he is ready to fight Banasur.Banasur calls for Shiva’s help.

Now Krishna and Shiva are against each other but knowing Krishna as an avatar of Lord Vishnu,Shiva allows him to kill Banasur.
It was a very interesting film with a lot of trick scenes and very melodious music by K.Datta.

The Bombay film industry has seen many talented artistes end their careers and lives sadly. S P Kalla is yet another such example.
TIME is not only a great healer but also a great crusher. Once upon a time, S P Kalla was moving in the Top bracket of the industry, but his TIME changed so much that he had to live all alone and one day end it all by himself !

Sooraj Prakash Kalla or S P Kalla was a resident of Jodhpur, Rajasthan. In the early 50s he was having a nice job in the state Secretariat in Jaipur. He was a good writer of songs. During his service tenure, once he visited Bombay casually and then stayed back here only, leaving the lucrative steady job, to enter the film industry as a lyricist. His first film was ‘Lanka Dahan’-52, in which he wrote all 8 songs. Due to his easy and meaningful Lyrics he started getting film after film. After about 20-25 films, he turned to Film direction and succeeded in this too. Some of the films he directed were, Aastik, Naya kadam, Shyam ki Jogan etc.

He acted in the film kailashpati-62. He directed films-Aastik-56, Shyam ki Jogan-57 and Naya Kadam-58. He wrote 49 songs in 8 films

Having won laurels here he became a Producer and that proved to be his nemesis. He lost everything he had earned. Family life became miserable and all friends deserted him. Finally he separated from his family and went back to Jaipur. There he got two Rajasthani films for direction. Then he got some serials and video films. Some of his serials on TV were ‘ Samay ki Dhara’ and ‘Teesmar khan’,which were popular.

He became an alcohol addict and closeted himself in a small room, where he ended his own life on 20-5-2007.

Today’s song is sung by Mubarak begum, Sulochana kadam and Chonkar. Enjoy the song….


Song- Chori chori aayi Gori milne piya dhadke jiya (Harihar Bhakti)(1956) Singers- Mubarak Begum, Sulochana Kadam , Chonkar, Lyricist- S.P.Kalla, MD- K.Datta

Lyrics

Chori chori aayi Gori milne piya
dhhadke jiyaa
o jee rasiyaa
Chori chori aayi Gori milne piya
dhhadke jiyaa
o jee rasiyaa
hum to aayenge teri galiyaan
kare kyon jiya
dil jo diya pyaar kiya
Chori chori aayi Gori milne piya
dhhadke jiyaa
o jee rasiyaa

laaj maren ye donon ankhiyaan
donon ankhiyaan aan aan
laaj maren ye donon ankhiyaan
kahin na dekh len bairi sakhiyaan
kahin na dekh len bairi sakhiyaan
mil na paayenge
suno jee piyaa
chhodo bainyya
padoon painyyaan
jaao sainyyaan
haule haule man bole suno batiyaan
beete ratiyaan
beete ratiyaan
haule haule man bole suno batiyaan
beete ratiyaan
beete ratiyaan
hum to aayenge teri galiyaan

?? kyon jiya
dil jo diya pyaaar kiya
Chori chori aayi Gori milne piya
dhhadke jiyaa
o jee rasiyaa

ab na chhodenge haathh tera
ab na chhodenge haathh tera
janam janam ka saath mera
saath mera
saath mera
janam janam ka saath mera
saath mera
saath mera
tumhaari yaad mein laage na jiyaa
bolo chhaliyaa
jaadoo kyon kiyaa
?? kyon liya
haule haule man bole suno batiyaan
beete ratiyaan
beete ratiyaan
Chori chori aayi Gori milne piya
dhhadke jiyaa
o jee rasiyaa
hum to aayenge teri galiyaan
?? kyon jiya
dil jo diya
pyaar kiyaa

da dir dir dir
di dir dir dir daani dum
dum dum
daani dum
din tananananana
de re na de re na
na dir dir dir dir
ditum ditum
dim tum
dim tum
dim tum
tananananana
dere de
dere na

Chori chori aayi Gori milne piya
dhhadke jiyaa
o jee rasiyaa
Chori chori aayi Gori milne piya
dhhadke jiyaa
o jee rasiyaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4901 Post No. : 16706

Today’s song is from the film Badi Maa-1945.

No wonder that the word Maa is one of the favorites of our film makers. There were 5 films called Maa and its varieties like Badi Maa, Chhoti Maa. Then there were Maa films with Baap, Beta, Beti, Behen,Biwi, Mamata, Aanchal, Pyaar, Aansoo, Saugandh, Shakti, and Qasam. Additionally, Durga and Santoshi Maa were also made. Almost 30 films about Maa at one place in the index book. I did not try other letters of the alphabet to see more films with the word maa – like Naani Maa etc !

BADI MAA-1945 was a film of Prafull Pictures of Master Vinayak (Father of actress Nanda).It was produced and directed by Master Vinayak with music by K.Datta or Datta korgaonkar or D.P.Korgaonkar.The story was by V.S.Khandekar,noted Marathi writer,who was ,later,the First Marathi recipient of Gyanpeeth Award for his novel “YAYAATI”.The lyrics were by Anjum Pilibhiti,Zia Sarhadi and Raja Badhe,who was a noted Marathi poet.

Master Vinayak was forced to produce this war effort movie to save his company,because the Govt. At that time desperately needed public support for their war efforts.Such pictures were given grants for production also.if they refused,the consequences were dire. The word Badi Maa,in this film meant Motherland-India.

Today’s song is one of Lata’s early songs in Hindi films. Being brought up in a Marathi atmosphere, initially, she had to struggle very hard to learn Hindi / Urdu word pronunciations, which, like a good learner, she picked up fast. Entering Film world was not so easy, but Master Vinayak played a vital role in establishing her in films or at least in bringing her to the notice of other stalwarts, because he himself died quite early in 1947 itself.

After Deenanath Mangeshkar’s death, Lata was adopted by Master Vinayak. In 1942, vinayak directed his last film for navyug Films “Pahili Mangalagaur”. he gave a small role and one song to her in that film. Then he, with the help of friend Vasant joglekar got her a song in Marathi film ” Kiti Hasaal’. However it was removed from the film before its release. In 1943, Vinayak launched his own Prafulla Pictures and madr 6 movies – 3 Marathi and 3 Hindi.

In the film Gajabhau-44 he gave Lata a hindi song. Then in the film Subhadra, Lata got 3 songs. In 1945, he directed ‘Badi Maa’. Lata and Asha got acting roles and Lata got 2 songs. In Jeevan yatra-46, she sang one song. And finally in 1947, Lata sang her first Hindi playback song in the film ” Aap ki Sewa mein”.

Vinayak died almost immediately after our Independence, but he had done the basic ground work to give a beginning to Lata’s career. Lata was later helped by Ghulam Haider, Khemchand Prakash and Anil Biswas. Then she never looked back.

The story of the film Badi Maa-45 was written by V.S.Khandekar. In those days there were Bangla, Gujarati, Hindi and Marathi writers with almost all film companies to assist in stories and dialogues. V. S. Khandekar was a very popular and famous writer in Marathi.

Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar (11 January 1898 – 2 September 1976) was a Marathi writer from Maharashtra. He was the first Marathi author to win the prestigious Jnanpith Award.

Khandekar was born on 11 January 1898 in Sangli, Maharashtra. His father was a munsif (a subordinate official) in Sangli principality where he spent his childhood and completed his early education. In his early life, he was interested in acting in movies and staged various dramas during school days.
After passing his matriculation exam in 1913, Khandekar joined Fergusson College, Pune. In 1920, he started working as a school teacher at a school in Shiroda.

Khandekar’s writing career began in 1919 when Shrimat Kalipuranam, his first work, was published, and continued to 1974 when his novel Yayati was published.

In 1920, Khandekar started working as a school teacher in a small town, Shiroda, in the present-day Sindhudurg district of the Konkan region in Maharashtra. He worked in that school until 1938. While working as a teacher, Khandekar produced in his spare time abundant Marathi literature in various forms. In his lifetime, he wrote sixteen novels, six plays, around 250 short stories, 50 allegorical stories, 100 essays, and over 200 critiques. He worked and founded Khandekari alankar in Marathi grammar.

In 1941, Khandekar was elected as the president of the annual Marathi Sahitya Sammelan (Marathi Literary Conference) in Solapur. In 1968, the Government of India honoured him with a Padma Bhushan award in recognition of his literary accomplishments. Two years later, he was also honoured with the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship of the Indian Sahitya Akademi. in 1974, he was awarded the Jnanpith Award, country’s highest literary recognition, for his novel Yayati. Shivaji University at Kolhapur, Maharashtra conferred on him an honorary degree of D.Litt. In 1998, the Government of India issued a commemorative postage stamp in his honour.

Khandekar’s novel Yayāti (ययाति) received three prestigious awards: A Maharashtra State Award (1960), a Sahitya Akademi Award (1960), and a Jnanpith Award (1974).

Films on his novels were made in Marathi (5), Hindi (3 – Chhaya-36, Jwala-38 and Amrut-41) and in Telugu and Tamil (1 – Dharm Patni-41). He wrote stories, lyrics and dialogues for Marathi and Hindi films too.

Here is his Filmography as per the Indian Cinema Encyclopedia-

1936: Chhaya (Writer, Lyricist), 1938: Dhruva (Lyricist), Jwala (Writer, Lyricist), Jwala (Writer, Lyricist), 1939: Devata (Writer, Lyricist, Screenplay, Dialogue), Mera Haq (Writer, Lyricist), Sukhacha Shodh (Writer, Lyricist), 1940: Lagna Pahave Karun (Writer, Lyricist, Screenplay), 1941: Amrit, Amrit (Writer, Lyricist), Dharma Patni (Writer, Story), Dharmapatni (Writer, Story), Sangam (Writer, Lyricist), 1942: Sarkari Pahune, Tuzhach (Writer, Lyricist), 1943: Mazhe Bal (Writer, Lyricist), 1945: Badi Maa, 1946: Subhadra, 1948: Mandir, 1953: Soneri Savli, 1960: Antaricha Diva (Writer, Lyricist), 1961: Mansala Pankh Astaat (Writer, Lyricist, Story, Screenplay, Dialogue), 1962: Sunbai (Lyricist)

The cast of the film Badi Maa was Noorjahan, Ishwarlal, Yaqub, Jog,Meenakshi, Sitara, Leela Mishra, Damuanna, Lata Mangeshkar and others. The story of the film Badi Maa-45 was…..

In Dinapur,Durgadas(Salvi) was worried about his son Dinesh(Ishwarlal) studying in London,due to attacks by Germans.Moneylender Ghanashyam(Girish)agrees to write off his loan,if his daughter Usha(Meenakshi) marries his son Rajendra(Yakoob).But Rajendra and Mona(Sitara Devi) are Japanese spies in India.When Durgadas refuses ,his house is confiscated,sold and he is on road. Ghanashyam’s daughter Hema(Noorjehan) does not like this as she loves Dinesh.Dinesh comes back to find father poor and destitute.SuddenlyJapanese attack the village and Rajr=endra helps them .Usha urges Rajendra to fight for Badi Maa i.e. Motherland and dies due to bullets.Rajendra repents and saves his village,along with Dinesh.In this,Rajendra dies for the motherland or Badi Maa.

Dinesh and Hema marry.

Let us now listen to this song by Lata, Meenakshi Shirodkar and chorus.


Song- Janani Janmabhoomi (Badi Maa)(1945) Singers- Meenakshi Shirodkar, Lata Mangeshkar, Lyricist- Anjum Pilibhiti, MD- Datta Korgaonkar
chorus.

Lyrics

Janani Janmabhoomisch
swargdapi gariyasi
swargdapi gariyasi
Janani Janmabhoomisch
swargdapi gariyasi

tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
nyaay ke jag mein
deep jala do
o o o o o
soye huye hirday ko jaga do
nyaay ke jag mein
deep jala do
soye huye hirday ko jaga do
dharti ko
aakaash bana do
bana do
aakaash bana do
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa

chhote baalak bilakh rahe hain
aen aen aen
nange bhookhe sisak rahe hain
nange bhookhe sisak rahe hain
daulatwaale ae ae
daulatwaale
hulas rahe hain
julam sitam ka raaj mita do
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa

badli gham ki aisi chhaayi
chhaayi
dushman hua hai
bhai ka bhai
dushman hua hai
bhai ka bhai
hindu musalmaa sikh isaai
hindu musalmaa sikh isaai
ab tum sabko
galey mila do
o o o o
o o o
ab tum sabko galey mila do
o o o o
o o o o
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa
tum maa ho
badi maa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4877 Post No. : 16672

Songs from Artiste Name Films….Second Season….No.1
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It was the most unexpected and hearty welcome to my very first post on this Blog on 1-10-2012. I was happy, elated and enthusiastic. I began writing posts after posts. In those days, like me there were some other contributors too, like Sudhir ji, Nahm ji, Sadanand ji etc.After 4-5- posts, I thought why not start a Theme Series of posts and I began my first Theme Series” Less known singers’ on 6-10-2012. The readers’ response was tremendous. After 10 songs, I started my second series ” Songs by Non- Singers’ 0n 28-11-2012.

This continued for about 3 years and during this period I did 26 different Theme Series of ,usually 10 songs. But in some cases I did more songs. For example in “Vintage Kishore” I did 21 songs. Thus in these 26 series, I covered 287 songs from as many films, from 30’s to 60’s. Those days readers used to shower comments. Readers were from all over, like UK,USA, Europe, West Indies, Fiji Islands, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Hongkong, Dubai etc and of course from all over India. These days, however, the comments have diminished.

There were series with novel ideas, but my favourite was ” Songs from films on Artiste Names “, which ran from 18-9-2014 to 18-10-2014-covering just 10 songs and 10 films. The series was very popular, as it contained information on that actress, even if she did not act in that film. The names were- Madhubala, Nargis, Veena, Usha Kiran, Renuka, Madhuri, Hansa, Zubeida, Kamala and Asha.

I have decided to restart my series of “Songs from Artiste Name Films” in its Second Season. Last time only actresses were covered. This time there will be a mix of actors and actresses. As usual, I will try to cover some less known or forgotten artistes. The posts are mainly for information on the artistes.

Today’s first film is GEETA-1940. In 1940, the first film to stress and emphasize the bad effects of crime and gambling, through a crime story mixed with social theme was made. This was Circo Productions’ film ‘Geeta’. It was the first ever film, which used the formula “Crime does not pay”. It was the first film in which one actor had done a double role of father and son. It was the first film, in which there was a tussle between a criminal brother and a brother who was on the side of the law. This was also the first film in which the mother testifies in the court against her criminal son, to punish him. This was the first film, in which Durga Khote started acting Mother’s role, bringing her career as a heroine to a close.

This was the beginning of a New Era, but the unsuspecting film industry did not recognise it. In the subsequent years and decades, the principle of “Crime does not pay” was used in several films – like ‘Kismet’ (1943) and ‘Sangram’ (1950). Even the remakes of ‘Geeta’ were made in the 1950s and the 1970s. The theme was used in a number of films.

Until the 40s, double roles in films were rare and still a novelty. Actually, the first double role in a Talkie film was in ‘Aawara Shehzada’ (1933). This film was based on the popular Mark Twain novel of 1881 – The Prince and the Pauper. Surprisingly, the first film on this novel was made in India. Hollywood followed much later with Warner Brothers’ film of the same name in 1937. Instead of a double role of one actor , they used two actors who were twins- Billy and Bobby Mauch for the two roles. In Hindi ‘Awara Shehzada’, the double role was done by Shahu Modak and the film was directed by Master Vithal, India’s first hero of the talkie films. Later, ‘Raja Aur Rank’ (1968), featuring Mahesh Kumar was made based on this story.

In the film ‘Geeta’, Chandramohan was the hero and had done the father and son double role. This was a bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi, and in both versions, Chandramohan was the Hero. Earlier, V Shantaram had given a break to Chandramohan in his film ‘Amrit Manthan’ (1934), which also was a bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi. Chandramohan being a Kashmiri and not knowing Marathi, in the Marathi version, his role of Rajguru was done by Keshavrao Datey.

However. soon Chandramohan picked up fluent Marathi and acted in the bilingual films of Hindi and Marathi like, ‘Jwaala’ (1938), ‘Geeta’ (1940) and ‘Apna Ghar’ (1942). He became the first Hindi actor to do roles in Marathi films.

The one line story of the film is “If father is a criminal and influences his son, he too becomes criminal”. In other words ‘parvarish’ or bringing up is important. Chandramohan’s brother’s role in the film was done by Trilok Kapoor. Trilok Kapoor became favourite ‘Mahadev’ of India after his film ‘Har Har Mahadev’ (1950) became a hit all over the country. His role in ‘Geeta’ was that of a sincere and law abiding Public Prosecutor, who in the final scene asks for the death sentence for his criminal brother! Shades of this in ‘Deewar’ (1975) – the mother too joins the good brother, becoming a witness against the criminal son.

Durga Khote had done the roles of wife and mother in this film. This was the end of her career as a heroine and the start of her character roles, ending her 8 years of being a heroine. Vatsala Kumthekar played the role of a Kothewali (which she actually was, before joining films). She was Sundari – the prostitute friend of young Mohan. Her younger sister – Lata’s role was done by Ashalata (Mehrunnisa Moosa Bhagat in reality). In real life, she was the wife of the composer Anil Biswas in this period.

The real sister of Vatsala Kumthekar was also in this film, but she played a different role in the film. She might be about 12 year old at that time. She was Baby Suman. She was also a good singer, being from a singers’ family. She has sung a few songs in this film. In the absence of information about songs in HFGK, we do not know which song was sung by whom. From the information I secured, she had sung at least 2 songs in the film. One was a solo (today’s song) and one was a duet with Harish. This Baby Suman was very beautiful.

In a way, the film ‘Geeta’ was a landmark film, because it opened up a new genre of crime films mixed with social themes. This was soon followed by the film ‘Kismet’ (1943) and later by film ‘Sangram’ (1950). Minoo Katrak was a famous sound recordist in later years of the 60s and 70s. At this time he was a writer and had written the story for this film. Screenplay and direction was by Parshwanath Altekar. Film ‘Geeta’ was remade as ‘Ustad’ in 1957 and again as ‘Karmayogi’ in 1978. In ‘Ustad’ (1957), Ashok Kumar did the father-son double role and in ‘Karmayogi’ (1978), Raajkumar did it. I saw the film ‘Geeta’ in 1960, when it came to a Hyderabad Theatre for a morning show. Even then it ran for 20 days, everyday at 11 am.

As I have said in today’s post we will know more about actress Geeta Bali. She was not acting in this film, but the film bore her name.

In the last so many years- till 1980 – I must have seen hundreds of Films- Hindi, Marathi, English, Tamil, Telugu, and Kannada. In the Hindi films, I can not forget 3 actresses, who were Bubbly, playful, with innocent looks and with Natural acting talent. They were Meena Shorey, Nalini Jaywant and Geeta Bali. I enjoyed every film of these actresses, which I saw. It is difficult to forget the role and acting of Meena Shorey in film ” Ek thi Ladki-49″, or Nalini Jaywant in film ” Hum sab chor hain-56″, or Geeta Bali in film ” Aji Bas Shukriya-58″. These were all my favourite actresses. It is very unfortunate that they all met their deaths in very tragic circumstances.

Geeta Bali’s dancing eyes and her animated, expressive face which mirrored her soul were her most outstanding features. Yet life was snatched away from this vibrant personality at an achingly young age of 35.It is some consolation that Geeta crammed a lot into her short life: 80 odd films in a ten-year career. She married struggling actor-turned-megastar Shammi Kapoor and mothered two children: a son and a daughter. Today, she is remembered as a wonderfully natural actress and a fabulous human being.She was quite close to her sisters and brother. Her childhood pet name was KEETA.

True, Geeta’s reputation as an actress rests more on her performances than her roles. Natural, spontaneous and gifted with a spot-on sense of comic timing, she never really found a vehicle worthy of her talent. Largely a shade better than the movies she starred in, she frittered away her talents in B-grade films. Probably the fact that she was born into a family that had to struggle for sheer survival and the fact that she reached the top through sheer grit had Geeta stress on quantity rather than quality. Film lore has it that when mentor [filmmaker] Kidar Sharma first met Geeta, she was living with her family in somebody’s bathroom!

Geeta Bali (real name Harkirtan kaur) was born in Amritsar on 30-11-1930, in a Sikh family, known for its religious and Scholarly traditions. Her father was a Sikh Missionary Preacher and travelled not only all over India, but also to Burma, Ceylon and Malaya. Due to frequent change of place, Geeta’s education was not consistent and it ended after 6th standard. When the family was in Kashmir, she joined the dancing and music classes. Keeta (her family nickname) did dance performances on stage in her schools.

When she was about 9-10 year old, she gave a public performance of her Dance in Lucknow. The puritans in their society objected, made a hue and cry and the pendal was burnt, to stop her show. Such experiences made her very bold in life. While at Lahore, Geeta directly entered the A.I.R. office to get a music contract. She got it also. She used to participate in Children’s programmes.

Through her Dance Director in A.I.R., she got into a documentary ” Cobbler” made by Shorey pictures. Impressed, she got a dance performance in film ” Badnami”-46 as well as Kahan Gaye-46 and Pancholi’s Patjhad-47, before moving to Mumbai. Impressed by her off-screen vivacity, Sharma cast Geeta in his Suhaag Raat (1948). Audiences related to her instantly and watched wide-eyed as she nonchalantly tossed her unconscious hero, Bharat Bhushan over her shoulder in a scene.
Soon, Geeta was inundated with contracts (that’s what they called film offers then). She accepted most. She won raves even in supporting roles like in the 1949 Suraiya starrer Badi Behan and the Madhubala starrer Dulari. In 1951, she became a major star with Guru Dutt’s first hit, Baazi (she went on to do three other films under his direction). Geeta played a gangster’s moll with a golden heart to Kalpana Kartik’s conventional heroine. But Geeta played her role with such gay abandon that hero Dev Anand divulges, “People came repeatedly to theatres to see Geeta’s spirited dancing to Tadbeer se bigdi hui taqdeer bana de.

Next she worked with Raj Kapoor in Bawre Nain-50, Bhagwan’s Albela-51 and Navketan’s Baazi-51. Now there was no looking back. Geeta Bali went on to act in 80 films in her short career of just 14 years. She even sang a few lines in a song from the film Rangeen Raaten-56, with Shamshad Begum and Uma Devi. She worked with Prithviraj Kapoor in Anand math-52 and his sons Raj kapoor in Bawre nain and in many films with Shammi kapoor. With Dev Anand she did Baazi, Faraar, Milap, Jaal, Zalzala, Ferry and Pocket Maar. She worked opposite Ashok Kumar, Motilal, Balraj Sahani, Prem Adib, Jairaj, Rehman, Bharat Bhushan, Abhi Bhattacharya, Kamal Kapoor, Karan Dewan, Shekhar, Sajjan, Amarnath, Jaswant and Suresh.

Some of her notable films were, Girls’ School-49, Dulari-49, Badi bahen-49, Nishana-550,Bawre Nain-50, Baazi-51, Albela-51, Zalzala-52, Raag Rang-52, Anand Math-52, Jhamela-53, Baaz-53, Daaku ki Ladki-54, Vachan-55, Miss Coca Cola-55, Jawab-55, Faraar-55, Bara Dari-55, Albeli-55, Pocket Maar-56, inspector-56, Coffee House-57, Mujrim-58, Jailor-58, Aji Bas Shukriya-58, Mr. India-61 etc etc.
Geeta proved she could do tragedy (Sharma’s Raj Kapoor starrer Bawre Nain) or and play the lighthearted heroine to comedian Bhagwan in the super successful Albela. Albela’s swinging C Ramchandra composed songs like Shola jo bhadke and Sham dhale mere khidki tale made front-benchers dance with the stars and even fling coins on screen. Pug-nosed Geeta was no conventional beauty, but that transparent face and that smile constantly flirting on her lips made sure you couldn’t tear your eyes away from her.

Watch Geeta Bali in the Guru Dutt-directed Jaal (1952). Dev Anand, a cigarette-smoking smuggler on the run from the police, tries to entice morally upstanding heroine Geeta into his web. Geeta evocatively communicates her struggle against, and her eventual surrender to, handsome Dev’s seduction call Yeh raat, yeh chandni phir kahan Famously down-to-earth despite her star status, Geeta was the antithesis of the coy 1950s’ heroine. She often drove herself to her premieres in an open jeep. Those who knew her claim she was a Samaritan who touched the lives of whoever she met. She is said to have personally groomed Mala Sinha, then a newcomer.

To date, so many years after her death, her secretary Surinder Kapoor’s (Boney Kapoor’s father) productions begin with a shraddhanjali to Geeta Bali.

Shammi Kapoor entered her life when they worked in the quaintly named Miss Coca Cola and Coffee House together. On an impulse, Geeta played a small role of a man in Sharma’s Shammi Kapoor starrer Rangeen Raatein. On the film’s Ranikhet outdoor, Shammi and Geeta fell in love. Kapoor was a year younger to her and was not yet a star, but the twosome were hell bent on marrying each other. Geeta had worked with Shammi’s eldest brother, Raj Kapoor in Bawre Nain, and with his father, Prithviraj Kapoor in Anand Math, Shammi was unsure about their reaction to this match. But on August 23, 1955, with producer-director Hari Walia and friend Johnny Walker as witness, the couple were married at the Banganga Temple at 4 am.

Geeta continued to work after marriage in a few films like Sohrab Modi’s Jailor (1958), where she won raves as a blind girl. With Shammi Kapoor turning into a huge star and the birth of her two children Aditya (nicknamed Mickey) and Kanchan, she eased her workload.

The desire to do that one fulfilling role she would be remembered for prompted Geeta to attempt the production of a classic for herself. She started Rano, based on Rajinder Singh Bedi’s famous novel, Ek Chadar Maili Si, based on a widow’s remarriage to her brother-in-law. Upcoming star Dharmendra played her hero.

Geeta, had not been vaccinated for smallpox, despite the fact her father too had died of Smallpox. She had ignored repeated warnings in the childhood. She contracted the dreaded disease while shooting the film. The best care was rushed to her, but her fever apparently reached 107 degrees. Her doctor saw a picture by his patient’s bedside and asked who the pretty lady was. The disease had so wracked Geeta’s frail frame that he didn’t recognise her as the same person!

Geeta Bali passed away on January 21, 1965, leaving behind eight-year-old Aditya and three-year-old Kanchan in the care of a devastated Shammi Kapoor.

Ironically, she was cremated in Banganga, not far from where she was married. ( adapted from Rediffmail.com, books Star Portraits by Harish Booch and Stars of the Indian Screen by Baburao Patel, India Today, Yaadon ki Baaraat by Shirish Kanekar and my notes – with thanks.)

Songs of the film Geeta-1940 are not available anywhere and are difficult to find. On my request our friend shri Deepak Choudhari ji provided me with this song. My hanks to his generosity. Our own Sadanand ji helped me by uploading it, my thanks to him too. The song is sung by Baby Suman, Harish and chorus.


Song-Saanwra murliwaala Yashoda ne paala Gwaala (Geeta)(1940) Singers- Baby Suman, Unknown female voice, Harish, Lyricist- S K Kalla, MD- D P Korgaonkar (K Datta)

Lyrics

Saanwra murliwaala
haan Saanwra murliwaala
Yashoda ne paala Gwaala aa aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala

chunmun chunmun aangan ghooma
nand ?? tan man ??
chunmun chunmun aangan ghooma
nand ?? tan man ??
gopin ne sundar mukh chooma
ichhaa roop banaao ??
gwaala aa aa
aa aa aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala

maakhan ?? dil ko churaaya
maakhan ?? dil ko churaaya
paapi ?? cheer hara
paapi ?? cheer hara
tan man ki sudh har lee usne
yuva bhaya nandlala aa aa
yuva bhaya nandlala aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala
Yashoda ne paala gwaala aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala

Kans ko maara
Mahabharat bhi
Kans ko maara
Mahabharat bhi
karm sikhaaya Geeta kahi
karm sikhaaya Geeta kahi
?? hain dev hamaare
?? hain dev hamaare
?? hain dev hamaare
bol hain unke aalaa aa aa
bol hain unke aalaa aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala
Yashoda ne paala gwaala aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4791 Post No. : 16548

Today’s song is from the film Rang mahal-1948. This social film was made by Eastern Pictures, Bombay. It was written and directed by Pt. Anand Kumar.

Not much is known about this director. He was one of those aspirants who ran away from home to Bombay- the Dream City, to make a career. In his first attempt he failed, went back to his village to do the ‘run away’ scene again second time, with more money. Even this time he failed, so he returned to his home and became a big and famous writer. He came back to Bombay only when he was invited by the film industry to make use of his skill !

Pt.Anand Kumar was born in Delhi on 4-9- 1907. He was a producer, director, writer and Lyricist. From childhood, he was not interested in studies in English medium. He was taught Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit by his poor Brahmin Shastri father.

When he was 15 year old, he entered a business. He was always discontented. He wanted to become an actor, but family resisted. He tried fasting and even suicide. Then he stole some money and ran to Bombay. He could not get into any studio and after money finished, he returned to Delhi, only to take more money and run to Bombay again. Even after this failure, he went back to Delhi and started writing stories.

His first book ‘ Mera Huq ‘ became a hot seller and he started earning money. He was invited by film people and he went to Bombay nth time. He wrote stories, dialogues and Lyrics of scores of films and earned name and money. He produced the film ‘Zameen’-43, under his own banner Anand Brothers. He directed 5 films, including a Hit Marathi film, Gora Kumbhar-42. Some of his films as a Lyricist were Suvarn Mandir-34,Katle aam-35, Pratibha-37, Divorce-38, Saathi-38, Alakh Niranjan-40, Punarmilan-40, Charnon ki Dasi-41, Raja Rani-42 etc. As a writer some films were, Divorce-38, Honhaar-36, Saathi-38, Vasant sena-42, Rang mahal-48 etc etc.

The 6 songs of this film were written by Shiv Kumar and were tuned by a pair of MDs, namely K. Datta and V.A. Balsara. The songs are not credited to any specific MD in HFGK. However, singer’s names are given for all the songs. Suraiyya has 3 songs in it, which are already covered in the Blog. Today’s song is the 4th song sung by Shalini and Anant Marathe.

I could not get any information about this singer-Shalini. She was an actress in Hindi films. Starting her career with film Tulsi-1941, which was one of the last films of CIRCO Productions owned by Chimanlal Trivedi. After making 12 films from 1937 to 1942, he sold this company, studio and land to A.R. Kardar, who established his Kardar Sudios in Parel, Bombay. In her first film, Shalini was the Heroine opposite Trilokn Kapoor. Anant marathe was also in this film. Shalini acted in 25 Hindi films. her last Hindi film was Taqdeer-1967. She sang 3 songs in 2 films, Rang mahal-2 songs and Roop Sundari-49 1 song.. She seems to have worked in some Gujarati and Marathi films too.

Anant Marathe also known as Anant Kumar acted in 71 films. He also sang 5 songs in 5 films. His career started in 1936. Anant Marathe aka Anant Kumar was the brother of actor and famous singer Ram Marathe. I was searching for his information for quite some time. My search ended when I found an article written by his son about his father.

Anant Marathe was born in 1936. In a career that spanned over 50 years, he was a witness to many changes and upheavals in the Hindi film industry. Born in Pune, in a family that was doing well for itself, he had three brothers and two sisters. Losing his father at the tender age of four, he was forced to give up education and begin work, to fend for his family. In the process the family left Pune and came to Mumbai, the city that fed every soul.

The world of films, those days, was not an industry. It was just like a 9 to 5 job in an office. Anant Marathe, with his innocent looks, expressive eyes and inborn confidence, was chosen by Master Vinayak, to play a role as a child artiste in a hindi film, Chhayaa. In this film he played the role of a son, who for his own selfish means is used by his father, ( played by Late Shri Chandra Mohan).

The real breakthrough came when he was called for an audition at Prabhat Studios, the most distinguished film company of those days. This 1943-44 film was ‘ Ramshastri’, in which he was to play the part of Chhota (young) Ramshastri. Ramshastri Prabhune was the Supreme Judge of the Peshwa dynasty and known for his supreme judgement. Once he was selected for the role, his grooming as an actor really began. In the storyline, Chhota Ramshastri was depicted as a boy who hates to study and loves to play all day long. He would swim, roam about with his pet dog and enjoy life. For this role Anant marathe was made to learn swimming even though he was scared of water! He could not get along with the puppy dog, even though it was supposed to be his pet. And to top it all, after shooting, the swimming and the sequences with the dog were edited from the film! The song, ‘Don ghadicha daav, yala jeevan aise naav” sung by him was very popular at that time. He received an award for his performance as Ramshastri from Bengal Film Journalists Association as the best supporting actor of the year. This film was screened in a number of National and International film festivals.

Film industry in South India was very active in the early 50’s. Anant Marathe acted in a number of films produced by the South Indian film studios, namely AVM, Gemini studios etc. Shri Chettiar of AVM was planning a socio-mythological film on the life of a famous saint. The lead role was played by Shahu Modak. The film in general was devotional and to bring in an interesting element, a comic character was created, in the form of the saint’s shishya ( pupil ). This role was offered to Anant Marathe and he displayed histrionics that astonished everybody on the sets.

The Director who groomed the great showman Raj Kapoor was Kidar Sharma and Anant Marathe had the privilege to work in one of his films, this time as a villain! The film was Hamaari Yaad Aayegi. This film also launched Tanuja, who would be known as a talented actress in the coming years. Anant Marathe played the role of a character called Pyarelaal, a very deceiving name for a villain! He is a suave character, moving about in the company of elite people but behind the cute face there is a monster of sorts, a wolf in sheep’s clothes. Anant Marathe, with his charming smile was very stunning, not only in his looks but in every move. Kidar Sharma was known to reward any actor who performed a great scene with a 4 anna coin, known as chavanni in those days. A chavanni earned for a great shot was like an achievement. And Anant Marathe earned many, which he cherished till the end.

His journey as an actor continued with great flourish. Since he could speak Marathi and Hindi fluently, he received offers from both Marathi and Hindi films. He was truly a bi-lingual actor.

Manoj Kumar was inspired by the life of Bhagat Singh, the great sikh patriot from Punjab and was planning a film on his life. Manoj Kumar and Prem Chopra were to play the roles of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev respectively but casting for Raajguru, the third freedom fighter was still to be done, as Manoj Kumar wasn’t happy with the short-listed few, to play the role. Manoj Kumar heard about Anant Marathe, who had acted in many hindi and marathi films. Anant Marathe was asked to come over and meet Mnoj Kumar. One look at him and he had found his Raajguru! The experience of working in a truly patriotic film, that too with a thespian like Pran who played a cameo in Shaheed, was a very inspiring experience for him. Incidently Pran did not charge a single rupee for this role! Shaheed brought a wave of patriotism in the audience, they cheered and loved their heroes. The real mother of Bhagat Singh was felicitated at the premiere of this film at Delhi. She was moved by the performances of every actor in the film. What’s more, a special screening was arranged for the then Prime Minister of India, Late Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, who praised the film and awarded certificates of honour to all the actors.

Anant Marathe acted in over 250 Hindi and Marathi films, out of which 71 films are Hindi. he also sang 5 songs in 5 Hindi films.When he made his foray in Hindi films, he was not very fluent in Hindi so he took lessons from a tutor who taught him the nuances of Hindi, thus improving the pronunciations so he could speak the language flawlessly. He also learnt English to give his persona the required sparkle, so important for a lead hero. He had to give up formal schooling due to circumstances that prevailed and may be he made up for it in this manner.

Some of the films he acted in are, Bhakta Bilwamangal (Durga Khote), Bhakta Gopalbhaiya (Amir Kanataki), Geeta (Chandra Mohan, Durga Khote), Gokul ( Kamala Kotnis, Sapru), Jivacha Sakha (Durga Khote, Sulochana), Malti Madhav (Durga khote, Baby Shakuntala), Nanda Kumar ((Durga Khote), Sant Janabai (Hirabai Badodekar), Seeta Swayamvar (Durga khote, Baby Shakuntala), Jawaee Majha Bhala, Choravar Mor, Bhintila Kaan Astaat, Shri Krishna Darshan ( (Durga khote, Usha Kiran), Sampoona Ramayan, Bharat Milap and many more.

In “ Barkhaa”, he played the role of a doctor opposite Nanda. The song, “Ek raat mein do-do chaand khile…” became an instant hit. “Bada bhai”, a film starring late Ajit, had him playing Ajit’s younger brother with Amita as the female lead. In “Sanskaar” also he played the lead role opposite Amita. He acted in some Gujarati films also.

In the early stages acting was like a job for him but soon it became a passion. All these years, while he worked in front of the camera as an actor, he learnt the finer details of film making, by observing, making mental notes. He had a flair for writing. In fact, he was a habitual diary writer. He wrote poems for small children and later they were published in the form of a book.
He had a good voice and was planning to be a singer but destiny had something else in store for him, a career in acting.

He wielded the megaphone in 1974, for a Marathi film named “Sonarana Tochala Kaan”, starring comedian and an intense actor Nilu Phule in lead role with Usha Chavan as the female lead. It was inspired by a Hollywood caper with famous comedian, Bob Hope in lead. The film was a huge success all over Maharashtra.

Soon he was set to direct a film in Hindi. After a detailed script was worked out by him, the producer backed out. Losing hope but not the spirit, he turned a new leaf and began work on his next project, once again in Marathi. The name of the film was “ Bijlee”, meaning lightning.

Rangat-Sangat Pratishthan, founded by the wife of late Shri Shahu Modak conferred the Manus puraskaar, an award on him for life-time achievement. The name for this award, for obvious reason is Manus (meaning human), a film by this name had Shahu Modak in a memorable role as a Havildaar.

Anant Marathe lived a contented life. Having worked in films from the age of 8 took its toll on him and he passed away in 2002.(Thanks to http://www.writewrong.wordpress.com, muVyz, HFGK, and my notes).

With this duet song singer Shalini makes her Debut on the Blog.


Song-Bachpan tu mera daaman chhod zaraa (Rang Mahal)(1948) Singers- Shalini, Anant Marathe, Lyricist- Shiv Kumar, MD- K.Datta and V.A.Balsara

Lyrics

Bachpan tu mera aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
jaa
le ja apne khel khilaune jaa aa aa aa
Bachpan tu mera aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa

chanka ki kanghi se
ab main uljhe baal sanwaaroongi ee
aasmaan se tod ke taare
aasmaan se tod ke taare
maang mein apni daaroongi ee
maang mein apni daaroongi
kheloongi
koi kheloongi
kheloongi koi khel niraala sa aa aa aa
jaa
le ja apne khel khilaune
jaa aa aa aa
Bachpan tu mera aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa

bijli si chanchalta lekar
nainon mein bhar loongi main
phoolon se muskaan chheen kar honthon mein bhar loongi main
le loongi koyal se ae
le loongi koyal se
madhur gala aa aa aa
jaa
le ja apne khel khilaune
jaa aa aa
Bachpan tu mera aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa

phoolon ke ras ke laalach mein
main bhanwra ban jaaooonga
koyal ki sunkar madhur kook main
vasant ban aaunga

main phool ban
tu bhanwra ban kar aa aa aa
khelenge
koi khel niraala saa aa
jaa
le ja apne khel khilaune
jaa aa aa
Bachpan tu mera aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4452 Post No. : 15915

Today’s song is from the film Daaman-51. The film was produced by M.R. aka Madhukar Rajaram Navalkar, under the banner of his own Madhukar pictures. Surprisingly, the film was directed by Nanabhai aka Yashwant aka Batukbhai Bhatt, who mostly directed Stunt or Mythological films. He did few Social films also. He was the father of Mahesh and Mukesh Bhatt.

Daaman was a Social film like any other film, but it became famous for its Music. Lata Manageshkar, who was favoured by the Music Director K.Datta, in his Marathi films, sang some of her memorable songs like ‘ Tirulilla, Tirulilla ‘ and ‘ Chakori ka Chanda se pyar ‘. film Daaman also became a Historical milestone as it featured the First ever duet of the sisters Lata and Asha ” ye ruki ruki hawaen ‘. Out of the 10 songs of the film Lata featured in 5 songs, with 3 solos and 2 duets.

Song ‘ Tirulilla Tirulilla ‘ became the First ever song in which the singer-Lata- takes her own name like ” Gaaye Lata Gaaye Lata “. Later, Kishore Kumar repeated this feat in his famous song ” Khush hai zamana, aaj Pahli taarikh hai ” from film ‘ Pahli Taarikh ‘-54, in which he took his own name. Still later Lata repeated her feat again in the song ” Ye tanhai haay re” from film ‘ Tere ghar ke saamne’-1963, in which she takes her own name. Besides these, I am not aware of any other song- other than these 3 songs, in which the singer takes his/her own name. If any reader has information, please let us know.

K. Datta was one Music Director who was completely besotted with Noorjehan’s voice. He was so much involved in her songs that after Noorjehan migrated to Pakistan, for some time Datta felt as if his inspiration was lost. Though he supported Lata in his music, he could never come out of the Noorjehan’s aura.

K. Datta or Datta Korgaonkar aka D.P.Korgaonkar alias Anna saheb, was born in Sawantwadi in Konkan area on 4-6-1908. He grew up learning to sing. His mother was a Bhajan singer. He started singing on stage during Ganesh utsav melas. He formed a Music school, ” Gayan Kala Mandir”, along with another singer Sadashiv Nevrekar. When Nevrekar became a Music Director, he also decided to become one and closed the school.

He was called to Kolhapur in 1937 to give music to a Marathi film, made by General Films of Siraj Ali Hakeem- Chandrarao Morey’-38. His first break in Hindi came in 1939 with Mera Haq (Hindi and Marathi),followed by Alakh Niranjan-40 (Hindi and Marathi), Geeta-40 ( in Hindi and Marathi) and Yaad-42.

He first came face to face with Noorjehan in Naadaan-43. He was simply mesmerised with her voice and singing style. He composed 7 songs for Noorjehan. After doing Zameen-43 and Maharathi Karna-44, he again composed 4 songs for Noorjehan in film Badi Maa-45. He also gave a break to Lata and Asha to sing in a chorus with Noorjehan. It is very sad that initially, K.Datta’s name was not mentioned on the 78 RPM records of Badi Maa. Only on the ‘re-issue’ records his name came up.

His other films were Yateem-45,Shaahkaar-47,Rangmahal-48,meri kahani-48,Daaman-51,Gumaasta-51,Rishta-54,Harihar Bhakti-56 and Ajanabi-66. In all K.Datta gave independently music to just 17 films,plus one film Badmash-44, with Khan Mastana. His Marathi films were 12 from 1938 to 1965. After retirement in 1965,he spent his time in Bhakti, Pooja and Astrology. He used to have a special Pooja every Thursday, when Bhajans were sung. Many composers and other film industry people used to be his visitors. Naushad, C.Ramchandra, Madan Mohan, Sajjad Hussain etc were the regular visitors to Annasaheb. ( Only 3 people in the Hindi film Industry were called Anna Saheb. By coincidence, all 3 were MDs. They were Annasaheb Mainkar, K.Datta and C Ramchandra). He died of heart attack in G.T.Hospital, Bombay, on 23-12-1978.

He was a Noorjehan believer to the core. To date K Datta remains the only top composer from Maharashtra to whom Noorjehan came first, Lata later. No one regretted Partition more than K Datta. Indeed, his creativity seemed to come to an end once Noorjehan left him high and dry by moving, with a song on her lips, to Pakistan. He once said, “Noor Jehan left for Pakistan and took my creativity with her”. The four Noorjehan numbers, as fashioned by K. Datta are historically most important. Because it was hearing and absorbing these four nuggets of Noorjehan, while acting with her in `Badi Maa’, that Lata Mangeshkar learnt to shape her vocal technique. If Lata came to sound a Noorjehan replica for so long, the tonal base for this was laid, just imagine, by a robustly tall Maharashtrian from the ghats called K Datta in `Badi Maa’.The last number of Noorjehan fetched him the ultimate tribute from no less a movie stalwart than Mehboob Khan, who said: “Bhai Datta, yeh gaana to aap ne Khuda ke darbar mein baithe hue banaya lag raha hai” (“It sounds as if you created this song sitting in Allah’s abode”).

K Datta used to play Ek anokha gham ek anokhi musibat ho gayi on a harmonium presented to him by O.P. Nayyar. How grimly significant that the one music director, O.P. Nayyar, who never in his life commissioned Lata, should have gifted that harmonium to the one Maharashtrian composer who believed only in Noorjehan!

The cast of the film included Nigar Sultana, Ajit, Pran, Heeralal, Agha, Yashodhara Katju, Achla Sachdev etc. The comic pair of Agha and Yashodhara was popular in those days. In their films, there certainly used to be a comedy song, filmed on them. In this film too, today’s song is that comedy song shot on these two artistes.

Yashodhara Katju (born 15 April 1928 – died – 1974), a forgotten actress of Indian Cinema, belonged to a reputed Kashmiri Pandit family from Lahore that had moved to Lucknow, where her father Jeevan Lal Katju, was a Zamindar and owned lands in Warburton in Khupra district, Punjab. He was appointed to a senior Administrative position by the British Government. J L Katju later resigned his Government job and joined the freedom struggle of the country. Her Mother’s name was Kailashwati (sister of well known Urdu poet & Judge of Allahabad High Court Late Anand Narain Mulla).

Yashodhra was fondly called as Chunnu by her parents. Other members of this Katju family were her brothers Moti Lal Katju , Pyare Lal Katju & her three sisters Chandra (Manno)-a Professor, Usha (Panno)-an M.A., and Manorama- a Doctor.

Yashodhara studied in English medium schools and was fluent in English, Hindi and Urdu. She did her Junior Cambridge. Apart from that, she was a highly talented girl who was equally well versed with singing and dancing. For some time she also joined Bhatkhande Music Institute, Lucknow to learn music but devoted more time to dancing and got herself trained as a professional dancer (Kathakali, Katahk and Manipuri) from some Masters of Lucknow. Later she took dancing lessons in Delhi as well.

All this apart , this talented girl nursed a desire from her childhood to join films. In 1941, Agha jani kashmiri , who was on a Talent Hunt, saw her in Lucknow and talked to her parents. Finally, much against the wishes of her family, she moved to Bombay in 1941. The family is reported to have sought intervention of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru also to dissuade her from joining films but she proved adamant. Katjus were closely related to Pandit Jawahar lal Nehru’s family. It is said that Chandra Mohan Wattal, another Kashmiri actor of that period too tried to dissuade her from acting in films but she remained adamant. Chandramohan tried all his pressure tactics and tried to force her out of the films, but this girl was different. She was tough and did not fear him or yield to his intimidations. She continued to work in films unabated. Chandramohan died in 1949, but this girl worked in films from 1941 to 1973. Her parents finally consented to her decision and ensured a boarding and lodging for her in Bombay .

Prior to Yashodhara, Shyama Zutshi was the kashmiri Girl who joined films. (She acted in Vishnu Bhakti produced in 1934 and Karvaan E Hayat-35). However, the first Kashmiri girl to work in films was Gulab (real name Saraswati Devi), who worked from 1924 to 1964, in 160 films.

In 1941, at a young age of 14 years, she was offered a role of ” Aarti” in a movie Titled “Lalaji” produced by National Studios. The movie was completed in 1942. Her co-actors in that movie were Yakub, A. R. Kabul, Wasker, Amar, Sunalini, Vatsala Kumtekar, Maya Devi and Krishnakant.

Yashodhara always wanted to be an actress and on 15th August 1941 she joined National Studios. She played heroine and side heroine parts in films like Mahatma Vidur (1943), Dulhan (1943), Vijay Laxmi (1943) etc. Later she was reduced to character roles and became a popular comedienne in the 1950s. Her short plump stature and mischievous eyes really aided her in transitioning from leading to comedy roles. In films like Naujawan (1951), Dholak (1951), Sindbad the Sailor (1952), Ek do Teen (1953), Baaz (1953) etc she was cast in happy-go-lucky roles and even paired with other popular comedians of her time e.g. Bhagwan in Sindbad the Sailor (1952) and Gope. Her last few films as character actress were released in early 1970s including Seema (1971), Hare Rama Hare Krishna (1972), Do Phool (1973) etc .

Between Lalaji (1942 Her first Movie) and Do Phool (1973 her last movie), she acted in about 85 films. Her co stars included most of the well known artistes and stars of her times. From the younger generation, her co-stars included Rakhee Gulzar, Rakesh Roshan, Hema Malini, Simi Garewal, Kabir Bedi, Zeenat Aman, Vinod Mehra, Mumtaz and Mehmood Junior. She worked with almost all prominent directors in the Film industry including S. S. Vasan, Devendra Goel, Guru Dutt, Mohan Segal, P. L. Santoshi, M.Sadiq, D. N. Madhok, H.S.Rawail, B. R. Chopra, Rafiq Rizvi, Kishore Sahu, Dev Anand and Mahesh Kaul.

She started as a co-star, moved to lead roles, shifted to comedy (Mostly with another comedian of her time known as Bhagwan and Gope) and finally did some memorable performances as a character actress (Seema, Hare Rama Hare Krishna and Do Phool etc.).

Her close friends included Nalini Jayawant, Laita Pawar and Nirupa Roy. Sometime in around 1958, she married a Naval officer (Commander Bhandari) and lived a happy married life. After 1973, she did not act in films and slipped into Oblivion. She died of a sudden heart attack, in 1974 (Autar Mota).
(Thanks to Suresh Sarvaiya, Blog Chinar, Film Directory-46 and my notes).

The story of the film Daaman was given by me earlier once, so I am not repeating it here. Today’s comedy song is sung by Shamshad Begum and Trilok Kapoor. This singer Trilok Kapoor is a case of ‘ Same name confusion’. There was another actor Trilok Kapoor ( famous for the role of Mahadev in Mythological films) operating at the same time in the industry. Since he was the more famous one, most sites, Blogs and enthusiastic new music lovers credit this singer’s songs to the actor.
Singer TRILOK KAPOOR too was from Multan, just like the actor Trilok kapoor, and was keen on singing in films. He and his wife have sung many Punjabi songs.

Singer Trilok Kapoor sang a song in film Birhan-48 (Tu chanda main teri chakori – a duet with Dilshad Begum- record No. GE 5232). The film was in production in 1946 at Lahore, but was released in 1948 due to Partition in 47.

The singer of this song can not be the actor Trilok kapoor, for the simple reason that he was busy in making 4 films in 1946 in Bombay and it is impossible that just to sing a song in a film, anybody would go to Lahore in those tumultuous days.

Anyway, after the Partition, the singer Trilok Kapoor became a displaced person. He came to Bombay and met MD Shyamsunder, who sympathised with him, being a Punjabi himself from the same region. Shyam Sunder gave him a song in Bhai Behan-1950, a duet with Shamshad Begum. He got a job in Radio and continued singing in films like Guru Dakshina-50, Kashmir-51, For Ladies only-51, Daaman-51, Saloni-52, Raag Rang-52, Goonj-52, Naya Raasta-53, Toote Khilone-54, Miss Mala-54, Laadla-54 and lastly Trolly Driver-58. Total 14 films and 17 songs.

So, the actor Trilok Kapoor and singer Trilok Kapoor are two different persons-

1) Actor Trilok Kapoor never sang after 1942.

2) Singer Trilok Kapoor never sang in any film featuring actor Trilok Kapoor.

3) If actor Trilok Kapoor was a singer himself, he would have sung his own songs in his films, instead of taking playback from other singers, e.g. G M Durrani in Mirza Sahibaan-47. Those who are singer actors rarely take playback from others.

4) The voice of Trilok Kapoor in songs and the dialogues in films is different.

5) It is likely that the song of Aaj ki Duniya-40 and the duets of Raja Rani also were sung by the singer Trilok kapoor, as he sang a song in Birhan in 1946, as mentioned above with a record number. the entry in HFGK may be just a case of ” Same name confusion” (like few other cases). Since the songs are not available, the benefit of doubt should go to singer Trilok Kapoor because he was a singer and NOT to actor Trilok Kapoor as he was NOT a singer.

6) The final verdict was – Shamshad Begum had confirmed that Trilok Kapoor with whom she sang was NOT the actor/brother of Prithviraj Kapoor, but was a different person.

So, please remember, actor Trilok Kapoor and singer Trilok Kapoor were two different persons.

Here is the song…..Enjoy.


Song-Dil pe kar control (Daaman)(1951) Singer-Trilok Kapoor, Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, MD-K Datta
Both

Lyrics

hmm
martaa hoon tum pe jaise
kali pe bhanwra marta hai
kali pe bhanwra marta hai
jaise kali pe bhanwra marta hai

ghoonghat khol de ae
ae zaalim
dil dhhak dhhak dhhak karta hai
dil dhhak dhhak dhhak karta hai

dil dhhak dhhak dhhak karta hai
dil phhad phhad phhad karta hai
dil gud gud gud karta hai

dil pe kar control
?? mera dil hai
dil pe kar control
?? mera dil hai
ration hai
ration hai
ghoonghat pat pat khol
ghoonghat pat pat khol
ration hai
ration hai ration hai
dil pe kar control prem mera dil hai

ek jhalak dikhta do ration card bina ho gori
ek jhalak dikhta do ration card bina ho gori
husn ki sarkaar mein dekho
ho nahin sakti chori
ho nahin sakti chori
?? pe ration hai
dil pe kar contol ?? ke ration hai
ration hai
ration hai

?? hai
hum deputy collector hai
?? collector ??
tu deputy collector hai to ham ration inspector hain
inspector inspector
inspector inspector
ho yahaan se gol
abe ho yahaan se gol
prem pe ration hai
ration hai ration hai
ration hai

achcha to phir
prem lene jaate hain ham
?? baazaar mein
prem lene jaate hain ham
?? baazaar mein
muft mein maare jaaoge jaaoge
mat phansna aise pyaar mein
muft mein maare jaaoge jaaoge
mat phansna aise pyaar mein

kyaa karoon main bol ?
ama ghoonghat pat mat khol
abe dilpe kar control
apne dil jigar mein tu
??
karenge ham manzoor ise
hui hamaari marzi
abhi na hamse bol

dil hai daanwaadol
dil hai daanwaadol ke
ration hai
ration hai
ration hai

??
??
??
??

gore ??
????
bach ke bach ke
bach ke


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4433 Post No. : 15868

Today’s song is from the film Gumashta-51. This was a film by S M Yusuf, the producer and Director, under his own banner Aaina Pictures, Bombay. The music Director was K.Datta aka Datta Korgaonkar. This style of nomenclature especially by Marathi composers was started first by the successful C Ramchandra aka Ramchandra Narhari Chitalkar. Till he changed his name, when he had joined Jayant Desai in 1943, C Ramchandra used to write his name as Ram Chitalkar. Besides these two Music Directors, there were some more like N Dutta or Dutta Naik, SbPurushottam or Purushottam Solankurkar and C Balaji or Balaji Chougule. Off hand, I can remember only these names.

The cast of the film was Nigar Sultana, Wasti, Kuldip Kaur, Baby Tabassum, W M Khan, Husn Banu, Ismail, Nurjehan Sr, Mirza Musharraf etc etc. There were 9 songs in the film written by Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, Wahid Qureshi and Noor Lucknovi.

The title of the film is Gumasta- spelt differently as Gumastha or Gumashta etc. How many of us really know what the meaning is of the word Gumasta ? The simple meaning is ‘ Agent ‘. Actually, this word came into use when the British East India Company appointed people to collect Protection money from the rich people as a ransom. Thus, they became agents. Later on, this was the name used for anyone who came for collecting money. For example, Rent collector from the house owners, Bill payments from the shop keepers, doctors and other suppliers of goods and services.

Our filmmakers were quite imaginative. They solved their problem of giving titles to their films, by opting for those who did specific jobs, like say Pandit ji, Munimji etc etc. Out of just curiosity a cursory look at the catalogue of film titles, which is otherwise a very prosaic document, I found that films were titled for various Service Providers.

Let us see some Film Titles…. Pandit ji, Munim ji, Gyani ji, Gurudev ji (but not Guruji ? injustice !),Chowkidar, khazanchi, Daak Babu, Band Master, Bank Manager, Barrister, professor, School Master, Minister, Chief Minister, President, Boss, Body Gaurd, CID Inspector, Inspector, Boxer, Chaandaal, Daroga ji, Daaku, Dalal, Detective, Director, Dancer, Doctor, Durban, Fauzi, Film star, Gawaiya, Gramophone singer, Hero, Heroine, Jadugar, Jagirdar, Jasoos, Jailor, Jallad, Joker, Juari, Kavi, Police, Postman, Pujari, Qaidi, Raisaheb,Senapati, Taxi Driver, Typist Girl, Ustaad etc etc.

This information only confirms that our filmmakers are very imaginative and the films made in India are on varied topics. With this kind of angle to look at the film catalogue, hitherto unthought of, provides insight into film making, surely !

The producer director of film Gumasta-51, S M Yusuf was one of the very few people from Indian film industry, who became very successful in Pakistan. After his last film Mehendi-58 in India, he migrated to Pakistan, and remade this film as Saheli-60. It was released on 23-12-1960. It proved to be a great Super Hit film and offers piled up with Yusuf. Later, he also made a remake of Indian film Gumasta-51 as Bahurani-69. It was released on 4-7-1969. This was also successful. Lastly, he remade Indian film Nek Parveen-46, with the same name. It was released on 5-12-1975. This film, however, did Average business. In all he did 13 films in Pakistan. In today’s film Gumasta-51, his own wife Nigar Sultana was the Heroine.

In the cast two names-Wasti and W M Khan- are actors about whom not much is known. I feel the younger generation may not have heard their names even.

Riyasat Ali Wasti was born in 1912, at Naagao in U.P. His father was Citi magistrate, a judge and Dewan of the state. The family was well known in Bundelkhand area. After graduating from Ambala, Wasti did service for 7 years in the PWD of Punjab. He wanted to join films and he became a Hero in New oriental Films, Lahore’s ” Premyatra”-37. His Heroine was Umarazia Begum,later on the wife of Ghulam Haider. He acted in Bombay’s films like Baghban,Industrial India,Pati Patni, Rikshawala,Thokar , Qaidi, Nartaki, Kudmai(Punjabi), Awaz, Nai Duniya, Sharda, Namaste etc. He was a fixture for Kardar films.As a Hero he did many films. In all he had acted in 63 films. He sang 5 songs in 2 films also-Rikshawala-38 and Pati Patni-39.

In the 50s he acted in 11 films. In 60s and 70s he did 20 films. His roles in jab pyar kisi se hota hai and Phir wohi dil laya hoon may be known to many.His last film was kasam-76. Two films produced by him in 1952 and 56 flopped. Last 20 years of his life were spent in penury and anonymity. In his last years,he was often seen begging near liberty cinema in Bombay. He died on 15th April 1996.

Old timer Wasti, who regaled the audiences with his natural acting in Sanjog , Rattan, Pugree made in the forties and many Punjabi & Hindi movies later on, was passing through a bad phase . Nasir Saheb honored him by offering the roles of substance in Dil Deke Dekho,Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai & Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon.

Actually Wazir Mohammed Khan is a name which will be always mentioned, whenever Hindi Talkie films are chronicled. He was the FIRST on screen singer in the first talkie film- Alam Ara-1931. W.M.Khan was a Pathan. His first film was ‘Alam Ara’-31 and his last film was also Aalam Ara-73. He sang a song in the first film and again the same song in the similarly titled film Alam Ara-56. I saw him on the screen for the first time in the film Kabuliwala-61, in which he lip synched the famous song ” Aye mere pyare watan…”. W.M.Khan acted in 105 films. He sang 6 songs in 4 films, namely Alam Ara-31, Sair e paristan-34, Dard e dil-34 and after 22 years he sang his first song again in film Alam Ara-56- though no record was issued for it, even here !

When he acted in the third version of Aalam Ara in 73, he became the first male actor to have worked in 3 films with the same title, from the very first Talkie film. The next and the only other actor to achieve this feat was Ashok Kumar, who acted in Kangan-39, kangan-59 and kangan-72. The only female actress to achieve this feat was Sulochana ( Ruby Meyers) who had acted in Anarkali-28, Anarkali-35 and Anarkali-53.

W.M.Khan died on 14-10-1974, in Bombay.

Today’s song is a comedy duet sung by Shamshad Begum and G M Durrani. Almost all songs of this film are very good.


Song- Tera gora gore gaal humko ekdum pasand hai (Gumaashta)(1951) Singers-G M Durrani, Shamshad Begam, Lyricist-Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, MD- K.Datta
Unknown male voice

Lyrics

Tera gora gore gaal
Tera gora gore gaal
humko ekdum pasand hai
hoy tera honth laal laal
humko ekdum pasand hai
ekdum pasand
Tumhre gora gore gaal
ye lipstick ki baaliyaan
tauba hai tauba hai
hoy hoy hoy

ye aankhen chaai ki pyaaliyaan
tauba hai tauba hai
aay haay

oy tauba
oy tauba
ye London ka maal
ye London ka maal
humko ekdum pasand hai
ekdum pasand
tumhre gore gore gaal

hua hai ya nahin hua hai
shaadi aap ka

mere shaadi nahin hua
hua thha mere baap ka
hum ekdum kunwaara hai
ekdum kunwaara hai
bundle to nahin maara hai
bundle to nahin maara hai

naay naay naay naay
tumhaara dekh bhaal
tumhaara dekh bhaal
humko ekdum pasand hai
ekdum pasand
tumhre gore gore gaal

zara humse door rahiye jee
ye dil churaaye maal hai
dil churaaye maal hai

aisa na kaho memsaab
hamaara bura haal hai
jee hamra bura haal hai
tumhra bura haal
tumhaara bura haal
humko ekdum pasand hai
ekdum pasand hai

tumhre gore gore gaal

aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
lalalalalalala
teri nazar to mere gore mukhde par nisaar hai
lekin
pati hamaara kahta hai
hum ekdum ganwaar hai
hum ekdum ganwaar hai

na
gadha hai
arre bewaqoof hai
kahaan hai wo
khabar loon
us manhoos beimaan ki
bhala gadha kya jaane
kadr ?? kuraan ki
tumaara ye khayaal
tumaara ye khayaal
humko ekdum pasand hai
ekdum pasand hai saab

tumhaara intkaal
tumhaara intkaal
humko ekdum pasand hai
ekdum pasand
tumhre gore gore gaal
tumhra gora gora gaal
humko ekdum pasand hai
haan munna
tera honth laal laal
humko ekdum pasand hai
ekdum pasand
tumhre gore gore gaal


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day : 4115 Post No. : 15267

Today’s song is from an obscure film Yaad-42, the first directorial adventure of actor – director Mazhar khan. He also acted as a Hero in this film, opposite Veena. Others in the film were Satish, Azuri, Indira Devi, Shehzadi, Haadi, Haroon, Ram Avtar, Devraj etc.etc. Lyricist for its 9 songs was Munshi Arzoo Lucknowi and the music was by K.Datta aka Datta Korgaonkar. Two songs of this film are already discussed, first one in 2014 and the second in 2016.

Neither have I seen this film, nor I could get any information on this film on internet or any book. Obviously, it seems to be just one of those films which come and go without leaving its mark on the way. In those days, like any other year, such non-descript films were made in plenty. Only few films were noticeable and discussed by critics in the Media, i.e. in Newspapers, because this was the only media available in those days.

As said in the beginning, Yaad -42 was not only the first directorial venture for Mazhar Khan, but it was also the first Debut Hindi film for its Heroine Veena. How Veena joined films and how she came to Bombay is a very interesting story. In one of the interviews she gave in November 1981, to Urdu film magazine ‘ Shama ‘, she herself has described all this. Let us also read it once again…

Veena was born as Tajwar Sultana, on 4-7-1926, at Quetta in Baluchistan (now in Pakistan). Her father was in Railways, so he was transferred many times and her education was done at various places, including Delhi. After her Matriculation, she was sent to a women’s college, with Hostel, in Amritsar. In those days, her brother Shehzada Iftekhar was an assistant Cameraman at Northern India Studios, Lahore. This studio advertised for a Heroine, for their new Punjabi film ” Gawandi “. (This brother Iftekhar is many times mistaken for actor Iftekhar- who was totally different. The story of love for Suraiya is of this brother and not that actor Iftekhar.)

A Bangali lecturer from Veena’s college had applied. A few days later, a team (including her brother) from Lahore came to interview her, but she was rejected as she did not know Punjabi well enough. Veena was very keen to apply, but her brother warned her about the family resistance. She prodded him to give her photo to the visitors. Seeing her photo, she was called to Lahore for screen Test. All this was without letting the family know.

One Saturday, Veena left for Lahore. Next day she gave the screen test, mouthing dialogues written by Wali Saheb. She was selected and offered the role. One of the producers- Sheth Kishorilal, suggested to change her name for the screen as Veena ( it was his daughter’s name) and she became Veena.

She completed film ‘Gawandi-42’, opposite Hero Shyam, in just one month and in the next one month, she did another film ‘ Ravi Paar-42′, opposite Hero S.D.Narang. All this was without family’s knowledge, but she was aware of the impending storm. She returned to college. News about her film work had already reached the college. She was thrown out of the college and the hostel for this.

When she returned home, as expected there was a great scene. She was scolded and locked in a room. Her family wanted to get her married, which she vehemently opposed. Her family went to the producers and demanded that the films be destroyed. Of course, this was was not accepted. Meanwhile, Veena had received film offers from Mazhar Khan, Mehboob, Bombay Talkies and Rajneet. She left her house with brother and reached Bombay. Mazhar khan paid her Rs.2000 per month with a Bungalow and a Car. She did her first Hindi film ” Yaad “-42. Then came Najma-43 from Mehboob, Rajputani-44 from Ranjit etc etc. She earned One lakh rupees per film.

Veena did about 100 Hindi films in her career, till she retired in 1983. Even after her husband, Al Nasir’s death in 1957, she continued to stay and work in India with her children. Veena died on 14-11-2004. ( adapted from her interview in Shama, November 1981. Thanks to book ” ye un dinon ki baat hai” by Yasir Abbasi).

In Hindi cinema world, some artistes are known for some specialty. They may not be great artistes, but certain aspect of their career is so famous that they are remembered. For example, ” Dattu Theka” of composer Dattaram was and is very famous in film music. He was a small time composer but became famous for this. Similarly another such person was Datta Korgaonkar alias K.Datta as he was popularly known. He was famous for his passion and intense attachment to Nurjehan’s singing. Though he composed her songs in only 2 films, after she left india, Datta almost felt like a paralytic person and virtually lost interest in his music.

K.Datta or Datta Korgaonkar alias Anna saheb, was born in Sawantwadi in Konkan area on 4-6-1908. He grew up learning to sing. His mother was a Bhajan singer. He started singing on stage during Ganesh utsav melas. He was called to Kolhapur in 1937 to give music to a Marathi film, Chandrarao Morey’-38. His first break in Hindi came in 1939 with Mera Haq,followed by Alakh Niranjan-40, Geeta-40 ( in Hindi and Marathi) and Yaad-42.

He first came face to face with Noorjehan in Naadaan-43. He was simply mesmerised with her voice and singing style. He composed 7 songs for Noorjehan. After doing Zameen-43 and Maharathi Karna-44, he again composed 4 songs for Noorjehan in film Badi Maa-45. His songs ‘ Diya jalakar aap bujhaya’ and ‘ aa intezar hai tera’ are evergreen songs of Nurjehan. He also gave a break to Lata and Asha to sing in a chorus with Noorjehan. It is very sad that initially, K.Datta’s name was not mentioned on the 78 RPM records of Badi Maa. Only on the ‘re-issue’ records his name came up.

His other films were Yateem-45,Shaahkaar-47,Rangmahal-48,meri kahani-48,Daaman-51,Gumaasta-51,Rishta-54,Harihar Bhakti-56 and Ajanabi-66. In film Daman-51, he gave the First duet of Lata and Asha. In all K.Datta gave independently music to just 17 films,plus one film Badmash-44,with Khan Mastana. His Marathi films were 12 from 1938 to 1965. After retirement in 1965,he spent his time in Bhakti, Pooja and Asrology. He used to have special Pooja on every Thursday,when Bhajans were sung. Many composers and other film industry people used to be his visitors. Naushad, C.Ramchandra, Madan Mohan, Sajjad Hussain etc were the regular visitors to Annasaheb. He died on 23-12-1978.

He was a Noorjehan believer to the core. To date K Datta remains the only top composer from Maharashtra to whom Noorjehan came first, Lata later. No one regretted Partition more than K Datta. Indeed, his creativity seemed to come to an end once Noorjehan left him high and dry by moving, with a song on her lips, to Pakistan. He once said, “Noor Jehan left for Pakistan and took my creativity with her”. The four Noorjehan numbers, as fashioned by K. Datta, are historically most important. Because it was hearing and absorbing these four nuggets of Noorjehan, while acting with her in `Badi Maa’, that Lata Mangeshkar learnt to shape her vocal technique. If Lata came to sound a Noorjehan replica for so long, the tonal base for this was laid, just imagine, by a robustly tall Maharashtrian from the ghats called K Datta in `Badi Maa’.The last number of Noorjehan fetched him the ultimate tribute from no less a movie stalwart than Mehboob Khan, who said: “Bhai Datta, yeh gaana to aap ne Khuda ke darbar mein baithe hue banaya lag raha hai” (“It sounds as if you created this song sitting in Allah’s abode”). K Datta used to play Ek anokha gham ek anokhi musibat ho gayi on a harmonium presented to him by O.P. Nayyar. How grimly significant that the one music director, O.P. Nayyar, who never in his life commissioned Lata, should have gifted that harmonium to the one Maharashtrian composer who believed only in Noorjehan!

There is one odd name in the cast of this film- Hadi. His full name was Mohammed Hadi. He was also known as Master Hadi, due to his knowledge of Music and singing. In early Talkie films, he gave music to films, singly and with other composers and also sang songs. But mainly, he was an actor from the Silent era. No wonder he was seen in some films of the First year of Talkie films of 1931, like Draupadi, in which he had played the role of Shakuni. he sang 3 songs also. He was seen in other films like Abu hasan-31, and Daulat ka Nasha-31. His acting in saubhagya Sundari-33 and Sulochana -33 was much appreciated. He is estimated to have acted in about 30 films till 1947.

The other interesting name that appears in the cast is of Shehzadi. The original actress Shehzadi was the sister of Alam Ara-31 heroine Zubeida and Sultana. All 3 sisters retired from films in or around 1936.

This Shehzadi was different. She was born in Bombay and was well conversant with Hindi, Marathi, Urdu, Gujarati, Bangla and English. She joined Bombay Talkies and made her debut in film Jhoola-41. She was in the famous Dance-song ” Main to Dilli se dulhan laya re” along with Mumtaz Ali. She worked in films of Chitra productions,Saubhagya Pictures, Star Productions and Asiatic productions. She was Heroine of Gope in film ” Haso Haso aye duniya walon”-47.

Her acting in Saheli-42 and Yaad-42 was much appreciated. She did 26 films from 41 to 47 period. She started her own Ratnakar Productions in 1947 and made film ” Utho Jaago”-47, with actor Ashiq Hussain as a Hero. Soon after Partition, she married Ashiq Hussain and they migrated to Pakistan.

Yet one more name is Indira Devi. She was an Anglo-Indian from Calcutta with original name-Eugenia Peterson. She started with Silent films in 1927 ,like Jaidev, jana,Punarjanma, Kapal Kundala, Ganesh janma, Rajsinha, Waman Avtar etc etc. She got married in 1930 and stopped working in films till 1935, to raise a family. She changed her name to Effie Hippolite, but for films she took name of Indira Devi. She started with film Wamaq Azra-35. She went on to do 21 films till 1947, after which there is no information about her. Probably, she migrated to Britain.

Today’s song is sung by Saraswati Rane. This is the 3rd song from this film to be posted here.


Song-Haay Raama tirchhi najariya ne maara (Yaad)(1942) Singer- Saraswati Rane, Lyrics- Munshi Arzoo Lucknowi, MD- K Datta

Lyrics

Haay Raama
haay raama
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara

?? joban ??
nainan par
?? maara
aa aa
aa aa
haa aa aa aa
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara

aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
haa aa aa aa aa
haa aa aa aa aa
?? nahin jaani
?? nahin jaani
baali umariya ne maara
aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
haa aa aa aa
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara
haa aa aa
haa
haa aa aa
haa
haa aa aa
haa
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara

sagri raina mohe tadpat beeti
sooni sajariya ne maara
aa aa
aa aa aa
sooni sajariya ne maara
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
haa aa aa aa
haay raama
tirchhi najariya ne
tirchhi najariya ne maara


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3926 Post No. : 14994 Movie Count :

4103

Today’s song is from an old film of the first decade of the Talkie films-Mera Haq aka In search of happiness-39.

When New Theatres in Calcutta started making Talkie films, very soon their Bi-lingual films became very popular. There were quite a few reasons like, good actors, good songs and good distribution network pan India. However, I think, the most important reason of their success was that their films were primarily based on well known novels, dramas and stories. B N Sircar had understood that if the story is strong, the efforts of the Director and Composers will surely make the film a successful one.

The intelligent and business minded film makers of Bombay soon understood this and films on world famous novels, as well as popular Indian stories were made in Bombay too ! Soon, it was clear that more than being honest to the original story, the makers of Bombay were concentrating on commercial successes even at the cost of compromising the written script.

This, I feel was the basic difference between the mindset of the West and East parts of India. Learned, studious and highly principled Bengalese stuck religiously to the original stories, while in Bombay, Saraswati started working for Laksmi ! As the times went by and the Bengal empire of New Theatres crumbled, the importance of solid, strong story base for a film remained only a dream for Bombay. Still, Bangla Directors who came to Bombay in search for greener pasteurs, believed strongly and stuck to strong story base. This was generally the scenario till mid 50’s, after which everyone became commercial and story lines became secondary, optional and manipulable devices.

In the early era of the Talkie, Bilingual films in Bombay (Marathi and Hindi) was a common thing. Most films made in Kolhapur and Poona were also made in Hindi simultaneously. Many talented writers from Marathi literary field, like Hari narayan Apte, mama Varerkar, Ga. Di. Madgulkar, V S Khandekar, N S Phadke and Acharya Atre were connected with film industry. Baburao Painter, Master Vinayak, V Shantaram etc made best use of their talents in writing film stories.

Today’s film Mera Haq-39 was made by Huns Pictures of Master Vinayak. This film was based on a story of V S Khandekar (later on he became the first writer in Marathi to get the Sahitya Academi Award also). The film was made in Marathi and Hindi. The Marathi title of the film was ” Sukhacha Shodh” and the other title of Mera Haq was its translation ” In search of Happiness “. The Marathi story and dialogues were translated into Hindi by Pt. Anand kumar.

Like Pt. Mukhram Sharma of Prabhat films, Anand Kumar was also belonged to a Hindi speaking state, but both had mastered Marathi. I do not know if Pt. Anand kumar also married a Marathi actress like Mukhram Sharma who had married actress Shanta Muzumdar. Pt.Anand kumar was born in Delhi in 1907. He was a producer, director, writer and Lyricist. From childhood, he was not interested in studies in English medium. He was taught Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit by his poor Brahmin Shastri father. When he was 15 year old, he entered a business. He was always discontented. He wanted to become an actor, but family resisted. He tried fasting and even suicide. Then he stole some money and ran to Bombay. He could not get into any studio and after money finished, he returned to Delhi, only to take more money and run to Bombay again. Even after this failure, he went back to Delhi and started writing stories.
His first book ‘ Mera Huq ‘ became a hot seller and he started earning money. He was invited by film people and he went to Bombay nth time. He wrote stories, dialogues and Lyrics of scores of films and earned name and money. He produced a film ‘Zameen’-43, under his own banner Anand Brothers. He directed 5 films,including a Hit marathi film, Gora Kumbhar-42. Some of his films as a Lyricist were Suvarn Mandir-34,Katle aam-35, Pratibha-37, Divorce-38, Saathi-38, Alakh Niranjan-40, Punarmilan-40, Charnon ki Dasi-41, Raja Rani-42 etc. As a writer some films were, Divorce-38, Honhaar-36, Saathi-38, Vasant sena-42, Rang mahal-48 etc etc.

Film Mera haq-39 was directed by an exceptionally talented director Parshwanath Alatekar. This name too must be unknown to most people. Altekar (1897-1957) was from Khare Patan in Ratnagiri, the coastal Konkan area of Maharashtra. He was educated in Kolhapur and graduated from Sangli. He abandoned Law studies to direct a drama in 1922. Basically a drama enthusiast, Altekar entered film world in Marathi and directed many films in silent era. He joined hands with Sarpotdar, Master Vithal and Pendharkar brothers. In 1928, he made 4 films for Imperial film co, then for Saraswati Cinetone, Master Vinayak and Circo films. He made few Tamil and Kannada films too.

He floated his own company Natraj Cinetone and made Hindi/Marathi film Saathi/Savangadi in 1938 with Durga Khote and Mubarak. Meanwhile he worked for his pet drama group Natya Manwantar. Alatekar died on 22-11-1957 at Bombay. he directed 13 films including silent and Tamil/Kannada films. His Hindi films were Vasavdatta-34, Saathi-38, Mera Haque-39, Geeta 40 and Mahatma Vidur-43.

The lead actor in film Mera haq-39 was Baburao Pendharkar. Baburao Pendharkar(1896-1967) was a Pioneer Marathi actor and producer born in Kolhapur. Actor-manager of Maharashtra Film (1919); then a manager in Prabhat (1929); manager and main star at Kolhapur Cinetone (1933) and for several years associated with Master Vinayak at Huns Pics (1936) and Navyug Chitrapat; then producer with Navhans (1943). Best-known work after the mid-40s was with V. Shantaram at Rajkamal Kalamandir, including the classic role of the Chinese general in Dr Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani, and with his brother, the director Bhalji Pendharkar. Noted actor as a villain in mythologicals (e.g. in Shantaram’s Ayodhyecha Raja/Ayodhya Ka Raja, Kans in Vasant Joglekar’s Nand Kishore, and Keechaka in Pethkar’s Keechaka Vadha) and for character roles in socials by Atre (the crotchety grandfather in Shyamchi Aai; the title role of Mahatma Phule). Directed Prabhat’s only major Tamil film, Seeta Kalyanam, a landmark in Tamil cinema. Also a noted stage actor. His autobiography (1961/1983) is also an important record of Marathi film history. From Jalti Nishani-1932 to Amrapali-1966, he worked in 69 films in all.

The story of Mera haq was written by V S Khandekar and it depicted the importance of a joint family, role of the elders in controlling the wayward new generation. The story was…

Anand (Baburao Pendharkar) is a Professor in a college and married to Manik (Vimal Sardesai), who is all the time busy in doing social work and who, in the process, does not justify being a housewife, or a daughter in law or even a wife.
One day, Anand meets Miss Chanchal (Usha Mantri- one of the most beautiful actresses of those times), when he goes to meet a friend at Sahyadri Cinetone. Chanchal catches him in her net perfectly and he becomes mad after her.
When Anand’s life is mess with all this, he chances upon meeting Usha (Meenakshi Shirodkar), a poor little widow- whom Anand has saved from committing a suicide.

When Usha learns all the story from Anand, she goes and talks to Anand’s parents and Grandfather, in a village and brings them to live with Anand and Manik. Together they hatch a plan to repair the situation. They announce that Anand will marry Usha and bring her as his second wife as he is not getting any happiness from Manik. When Manik comes to know this, she gets panicky and mends her ways, leaving all social work and tries to be an ideal wife. Anand’s friend Chanchal also deserts him when she learns about his second marriage.

When all the matters settle down satisfactorily, Anand and Usha, in presence of elders of the family disclose the truth that they are not marrying each others and it was planned to show Manik where the real happiness lies.

In this case, the film’s Marathi version came out first and the Hindi version was released on 15-9-1939 at Majestic Cinema in Bombay, well after the Marathi film was released.

The lead actress Vimal Sardesai hailed from Konkan are and started her film career as baby Vimal. She acted in only 7 Hindi films. Her first film was Saathi-38. This was the Hindi version of Marathi film Savangadi-38, starring Durga khote and Mubarak Merchant. her second film was mera haq-39. It was her first film as a Heroine. This too was a Hindi version of Marathi film ‘ Sukhacha Shodh”. Then came Narsi Bhjagat-40 made by Prakash pictures, Alakh Niranjan-40 was a Hindi version of Marathi film Gorakhnath-40, Apna Ghar-42 was a Hindi version of Marathi film Aaple Ghar-40- directed by Debki Bose, his first film in Bombay, Wadia’s Shobha-42 and her last film was Mahatma Vidur-43, a Hindi version of Marathi film of the same name. This was also the last film of Parshwanath Altekar the director.
After this film Vimal Sardesai was traceless. Probably she got married and left films.

Today’s song is a female duet of Vimal Sardesai and Meenakshi Shirodkar. With this song, film mera haq-39 and singer Vimal Sardesai make their debut on this Blog.

(My thanks to ” Marathi Cinema in Retrospect”-Sanjit Narvekar, ” Maharashtra- Birthplace of Indian Film Industry”- Isak Mujawar, Encyclop. of Indian Cinema by Ashish Rajadhyaksha, Filmdom-46 and my notes, for information used herein.)


Song-Kheloongi kheloongi main aankh michauli kheloongi (Mera Haq)(1939) Singers- Meenakshi Shirodkar, Vimal Sardesai (Baby Vimal), Lyrics- Pt Anand kumar, MD-K Datta
Both

Lyrics

kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

main chaand talak chal jaaoonga
main kunj taley chhip jaaoonga

main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main aankh meench kar chhipti hoon
main tan ankhiyon se takti hoon
takne ka badla le loongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

main chhip jaaoon
jaa chhip jaa
main aa jaaoon
tu thham jaa

khushboo ban kar phoolon mein chhip
phoolon mein chhip
phoolon mein chhip
khushboo ban kar phoolon mein chhip
ya roop badal rangon mein chhip
belon mein chhip
kaliyon mein chhip
seene mein chhip
ya dil mein chhip
belon mein chhip
kaliyon mein chhip
seene mein chhip
ya dil mein chhip

main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3853 Post No. : 14865 Movie Count :

4065

Today’s song is from the film Maharathi Karna-44, a film produced by Prabhakar Films and directed by its owner Bhal G. Pendharkar. Lyricist was Pt. Shiv Kumar and the music was provided by K.Datta aka Datta Korgaonkar. This Mythological film had top class actors in its cast- Prithviraj Kapoor, Durga Khote, Leela Chandragiri, Shahu Modak, Swarnalata, K N Singh and many more in other roles.

During my journey of life, I have found that the common man ( of any religion) has very little knowledge of his own religion. Even most of the educated people have scant information about the basics in their religion. Probably Religion is considered as something one gets to know only in the old age, when nothing else is to do. Just to check this, ask anybody who was Vidur ( Uncle of Kauravas and Pandavas), who was Jayadrath ( Brother in law of Kauravas..Husband of Dushala) or even who was Mandavi ( wife of Bharata)and Shrutikirti ( wife of Shrutikirti). You can hardly find a person who can tell names of 4 Vedas ( Rigved, Saamved, Yajurved and Atharvaved).

This is not exclusive to Hindus alone. I asked some of my Muslim friends and they confided in me that they have never read the Quran. They only know Namaz. Christians too are in the same category. I do not say that everyone should be an expert in Religion. That would be too much to ask for, but I feel atleast a basic knowledge is a must. This is our Heritage and it is applicable to all religions equally.

While watching or reading about a Mythological film. the references and the contexts become easier to understand the story, if one has the basic knowledge. Today’s film Maharathi Karna is obviously about the character Karna. Instead of checking if one knows about him, let us have some information about him- a character from one of our Epics-Mahabharat. Karna represents a right person who was at the wrong place or the Good amonst the Bad. I sympathise with Karna, because I feel that he was forced by the circumstances to join the Evil Kaurav camp.

Karna also known as Vasusena, Anga-Raja, Sutaputra and Radheya, is one of the major characters in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. He is the son of Surya (the Sun deity) and princess Kunti (later the Pandava queen). He was conceived and born to unmarried teenage Kunti, who hides the pregnancy, then out of shame abandons the new born Karna in a basket on a river. The basket is discovered floating on the Ganges River. He is adopted and raised by foster Suta parents named Radha and Adhiratha Nandana of the charioteer and poet profession working for king Dhritarashtra. Karna grows up to be an accomplished warrior of extraordinary abilities, a gifted speaker and becomes a loyal friend of Duryodhana. He is appointed the king of Anga (Bengal) by Duryodhana. Karna joins the losing Duryodhana side of the Mahabharata war. He is a key antagonist who aims to kill Arjuna but dies in a battle with him during the Kurushetra war.

He is a tragic hero in the Mahabharata, in a manner similar to Aristotle’s literary category of “flawed good man”. He meets his biological mother late in the epic then discovers that he is the older half-brother of those he is fighting against. Karna is a symbol of someone who is rejected by those who should love him but do not given the circumstances, yet becomes a man of exceptional abilities willing to give his love and life as a loyal friend. His character is developed in the epic to raise and discuss major emotional and dharma(duty, ethics, moral) dilemmas. His story has inspired many secondary works, poetry and dramatic plays in the Hindu arts tradition, both in India and in southeast Asia.

A regional tradition believes that Karna founded the city of Karnal, in contemporary Haryana.

One of the cast was actress Swarnalata, who married director Nazir, converted to Islam and migrated to Pakistan after Partition. She was heroine of Pakistans first ever Silver jubilee film Pherey (1949. As heroine she was seen in movies like Laarey (1950), Sherhri Babu (1953), Heer (1955), Golden jubilee film Noukar (1955), Noor-e-Islam (1957), Azmat-e-Islam (1965).

She was character actress in movies like Sawaal (1966) and Dunya Na Manay (1971).

Sawarn Lata was born on 20-12-1924 as a Sikh and converted to Islam after she married prominent actor, producer and director Nazir. The first film they produced in Pakistan was Heer Ranjha, but film print was destroyed due to poor negative of the film.

Her converted name was Saeeda Bano, she was born in 1924 in Rawalpindi and died on February 8, 2008 at Lahore.

Before partition she worked in Awaz (1942), Ishara and Tasveer (1943), Bari Baat, Rattan, Swarn bhomi and Us paar (1945), Chand Tara, Laila Majnu, Preetima, Preet (1945), Insaaf, Maa Baap ki laaj and Sham Savera (1946) and Abida (1947).

Contrary to the prevailing custom of having around 10+ songs in a film, the composer K.Datta had only 6 songs in this film and rightly so as Maharathi Karna was a Mythological film. When the story is strong, there is no need of musical support to the film.

K.Datta or Datta Korgaonkar alias Anna saheb, was born in Sawantwadi in konkan area on 4-6-1908. He grew up learning to sing. His mother was a Bhajan singer. He started singing on stage during Ganesh utsav melas. He was called to Kolhapur in 1937 to give music to a Marathi film, Chandrarao Morey’-38. His first break in Hindi came in 1939 with Mera Haq,followed by Alakh Niranjan-40, Geeta-40 ( in Hindi and Marathi) and Yaad-42.

He first came face to face with Noorjehan in Naadaan-43. He was simply mesmerised with her voice and singing style. he composed 7 songs for Noorjehan. After doing Zameen-43 and Maharathi Karna-44, he again composed 4 songs for Noorjehan in film Badi Maa-45. He also gave a break to Lata and Asha to sing in a chorus with Noorjehan. It is very sad that initially, K.Datta’s name was not mentioned on the 78 RPM records of Badi Maa. Only on the ‘re-issue’ records his name came up.

His other films were Yateem-45,Shaahkaar-47,Rangmahal-48,meri kahani-48,Daaman-51,Gumaasta-51,Rishta-54,Harihar Bhakti-56 and Ajanabi-66. In all K.Datta gave independently music to just 17 films,plus one film Badmash-44,with Khan Mastana. His Marathi films were 12 from 1938 to 1965. After retirement in 1965,he spent his time in Bhakti, Pooja and Asrology. He used to have special Pooja on every Thursday,when Bhajans were sung. Many composers and other film industry people used to be his visitors. Naushad, C.Ramchandra, Madan Mohan, Sajjad Hussain etc were the regular visitors to Annasaheb. He died on 23-12-1978.

He was a Noorjehan believer to the core. To date K Datta remains the only top composer from Maharashtra to whom Noorjehan came first, Lata later. No one regretted Partition more than K Datta. Indeed, his creativity seemed to come to an end once Noorjehan left him high and dry by moving, with a song on her lips, to Pakistan. He once said, “Noor Jehan left for Pakistan and took my creativity with her”. The four Noorjehan numbers, as fashioned by K. Datta, are historically most important. Because it was hearing and absorbing these four nuggets of Noorjehan, while acting with her in `Badi Maa’, that Lata Mangeshkar learnt to shape her vocal technique. If Lata came to sound a Noorjehan replica for so long, the tonal base for this was laid, just imagine, by a robustly tall Maharashtrian from the ghats called K Datta in `Badi Maa’.The last number of Noorjehan fetched him the ultimate tribute from no less a movie stalwart than Mehboob Khan, who said: “Bhai Datta, yeh gaana to aap ne Khuda ke darbar mein baithe hue banaya lag raha hai” (“It sounds as if you created this song sitting in Allah’s abode”). K Datta used to play Ek anokha gham ek anokhi musibat ho gayi on a harmonium presented to him by O.P. Nayyar. How grimly significant that the one music director, O.P. Nayyar, who never in his life commissioned Lata, should have gifted that harmonium to the one Maharashtrian composer who believed only in Noorjehan!

Today’s song is a lovely song, with an excellent tune, sung by Rajkumari. With this song film Maharathi Karna-44 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Suno suno hum tumhen sunaayen(Maharathi Karna)(1944) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyrics-Pt. Shivkumar, MD-K Datta

Lyrics

Suno suno
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunaayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunaayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor

ik naari thhi bholi bhaali
pagli preetam ki matwaali
ik naari thhi bholi bhaali
pagli preetam ki matwaali
sunte ho
sunte ho kuchh saaj(?) piya ke
naari bani chakor
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunaayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor

?? kali kali ka lobhi
sunte ho
aji sunte bhi ho
?? bhanwra nirmohi
nikla
hmm
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor

preet ki aag se bhi na pighla
preetam ka man patthar nikla
preet ki aag se bhi na pighla
preetam ka man patthar nikla
naari laakh jatan kar haari
chala na kuchh bhi zor
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor
Suno suno
hum tumhen sunayen
ae preetam chitchor
kahaani
suno hriday ke chor


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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