Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Aayi mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani

Posted on: April 29, 2022


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 5033 Post No. : 16942 Movie Count : 4598

Today’s song is from an obscure, not very well known film Sabyasachi-1948. The name of the film is rather strange and not many people will know what it means. In simple translation it means a person who is Ambidextrous or one who can use both hands with equal expertise. This was an adjective used famously in Mahabharat for Arjun. He was an extraordinary archer and he could do this with both his hands separately and simultaneously, with the same expertise.

This was a film made by Associated Pictures, Calcutta. No wonder then that the entire crew and cast was from Bengal only.Even the Heroine, Meera Mishra-though not a Bangla actress, was an expert in Bangla language, who had acted in few Bangla movies too. During the early cinema period, Calcutta was also a major centre for Hindi films and from 1932 to almost 1955, Hindi films were made there regularly, by several film makers including of course the New Theatres. However, after 1955, there were almost no actors/actresses who could speak fluent Hindi. More than that, the Bangla film industry itself had grown so much that there was no need to make Hindi films anymore.

From as early as 1935-36, Hindi films were made based on Novels of Bangla language. The contribution of Bangla language to provide fodder for films is unmatched.(The only other Indian language to do this is Malayalam). This was mainly because the people in Bengal are avid readers of books. During my Marketing career, I visited various parts of Bengal in 20 years. I used to be amazed at the “Book Fairs’ held at Calcutta. I visited these fairs a few times and was overwhelmed to see lakhs of people purchasing books there. I think the Book Fairs must be doing a turnover of crores of rupees !

I tried to make a list of Hindi films based on Bangla novels and I easily crossed the 50’s mark, when I stopped. 90 % of these films were Hits. Some of the popular Hindi films on Bengali novels are Devdas-35, Milan-46, Anandmath-52, Do bigha zameen-53, Sujata-55, Kabuliwala-61, Ghunghat-60, Bandini-63, Namkeen-67, Bhuvan Shome-69, Satyakam-69, Sahib, bibi aur ghulam-62, Khamoshi-70, Uphaar-71, Saudagar-73, Amar Prem-72, Chupke Chupke-75 (my favourite), Kora Kagaz-74, Balika Badhu-76, Kitaab-77, Apne paraye-80, lekin-90, Rudaali-93 and many more. You will notice that films on Bangla novels were not just family dramas or tragedies, but it was a mix of comedy, pathos, drama, entertainment and almost every Genre except Historical and Mythological films, perhaps.

Film Sabyasachi-1948 was also based on Bangla novel “Pather Dabi”, by Sharat Chandra Chatterjee. The novel was initially serialised in the Bangla magazine “Bangbani” and then published in 1926. However after initial 5ooo copies were sold out in a week’s time, the British Government banned the novel on 4-1-1927. The novel Pather Dabi (The right of Path/ Demands of the road) was about a secret society whose goal is to free India from British rule.

The leader of this secret group is Sabyasachi Malick. He is highly educated, having studied Medicine, Engineering and Law from the Universities of UK and USA. He is tall and so strong that he created records of swimming the flooded rivers in torrential rains and crossing the entire Himalaya on foot in record time. He punishes the rich and helps the poor. In short he is The Superman ! He knows several languages and is an expert in Makeup too. Apurba (Paresh Bannerjee) is a weak member of this team and he becomes a Police informer. Sumitra (Meera Mishra) and Bharathi(Sandhya Rani) are the 2 women in this group who have faced several problems in their personal lives.

The Indian Express, in its review of the film says, ” the film story touches upon issues of Untouchability, Orthodoxy and Faiths. It deals with bRich-Poor divide and status of women in the then Bangla society. It criticises British Policies and India’s inherent customs of Religion and social structure.” Sabyasachi was Bengal’s first Superman of Bangla Fiction, according to the Indian Express.

The film was made in Bangla and Hindi versions. The Bangla version was directed by Bibhuti Laha. The Hindi version was directed by ” Agradoot’, who also directed the film Babla-53 later in Hindi. The film was released on 6-11-48. The cast of the Hindi version was Meera Mishra, Tulsi, Anup, Paresh Banerjee, Sandhyarani,Savitri Devi,Uma, Sunder, Bipin Gupta and many others. Songs were written by Zahir Hussain and music was composed by Robin Chatterjee.

Robin Chatterjee. He was born on 8-1-1914, at Calcutta. His name is not too well known to Hindi film lovers, though he was very famous in Bengal (as Robin Chatopadhyaya), where he composed several NFS and film songs. For many years he assisted Anupam Ghatak,MD. He even sang in the chorus for New Theatre’s film Adhikar-1938. However he was not so successful in Hindi films.

His first Hindi film was Rajlakshmi-1945, wherein he gave the first opportunity to Talat Mahmood to sing a Hindi film song. Till then he was singing Bangla NFS and film songs with the name Tapan kumar. His next film was Tum aur main-1946 which had very good songs by kanan Devi. Then came Voh Dono-1947 and here Sandhya Mukherjee gave good songs. Robin Chatterjee gave music to 14 Hindi films, namely – Rajlakshmi-45, Tum aur main-46, Voh Dono-47, Sabyasachi-48,Ratnadeep-51, Pehli Shadi-53, Firdaus-53, Shobha-54, Majboori-54, Africa-54, Dhake ki malmal-56, Miss Toofan mail-58, Police Station-59 and Chimney ka Dhuvan-1973…this was a much delayed film. He also gave music to a Bhojpuri film- Saiya se kar le milanwa-1966.

Robin Chatterjee died on 2-4-1976 at Bombay at the age of just 61 years.

The story of film’s heroine Meera Mishra is strange. She entered Hindi films with Bombay Talkies film Milan-46. Meera Mishra’s joining the films generated a lot of interest and excitement because she was the wife of an I.P.S. Officer. Meera reportedly answered an advertisement of The Bombay Talkies in newspapers and was called for an interview and was selected readily. Two films, bilingual , Naukadubi (Bengali) and Milan (Hindi) were produced by Bombay Talkies and Meera was chosen to play Kamala in both versions.

The Bengali film Naukadubi had Abhi Bhattacharya playing Ramesh, Meera Sarkar as Hemnalini and Pahari Sanyal as Akshay Babu. The Hindi version Milan had Dilip Kumar as Ramesh and Meera therefore had Dilip Kumar as her first leading man. The Hindi version had Ranjana playing Hemnalini while it was Pahari Sanyal again as Akshay Babu in Milan. The film was directed by Nitin Bose and Anil Biswas was the music director. Parul Ghosh lent her voice in both the versions and here in Noukadubi she had some five Tagore songs, her only Bengali songs.

Both Naukadubi and Milan did well and the initial plan of Meera was to retire after this one film. However, her I.P.S. husband Kripa Sindhu Mishra was killed in action during Delhi riots and Meera decided to carry on with her film career. She had a son Jishnu from the Late K P Mishra. Her other films included Abhijatya (1949), Eki Gramer Chhele (1950), Abarta (1950), Sandhya Belar Rupkatha (1950), Sabyasachi (Hindi-1948)-based on Sarat Chandra Chatterjee’s Pather dabi. She played the role of Sumitra, Bishnupriya (1949). Her other Hindi films included Ghar ki Numaish-49,Chhore-50,Kashmir Hamara hai-50, Azadi ke baad-51, Chamakee-52, Chhoti Maa-52.

She quit films early and settled into married life again. Her husband was Mr Ranjit Gupta, Chief secretary to the Government of West Bengal.

Meera Mishra was born in Kanpur and died in Calcutta somewhere in 2007.

Today’s song is sung by Sandhya Mukherjee. She began her career in Mumbai singing Hindi songs, starting with a song in the film Sabyasachi-1948. Her first playback song was in the film Tarana in 1951. She sang, as a playback singer, 36 songs in 19 Hindi films. Though she sang several songs in 7 films in Hindi, her name became famous only after she sang a duet ” gupchup gupchup pyar karen” with Hemant Kumar in the film Sazaa-1951. Her last Hindi film song was in the film Chimni ka dhuan-73. She decided to come back to and settle in her home city Kolkata in 1952 due to personal reasons.


Song- Aayi mere jeevan ki saanjh suhaani (Sabyasaachi)(1948) Singer- Sandhya Mukherjee, Lyricist- Zaheer Hussain, MD- Robin Chatterjee

Lyrics

Aai mere
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
Aai mere
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
aai mere
aasha ki bagiya mein phool khile hain aen
aasha ki bagiya mein phool khile hain aen
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
aai mere

ye deepak sunahri jalaata hai kaun
ye duniya meri jagmagaata hai kaun
ye deepak sunahri jalaata hai kaun
ye duniya meri jagmagaata hai kaun
umangon par aai hai roop jawaani ee
umangon par aai hai roop jawaani ee
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
Aai mere

lutaaati hai masti chaman mein bahaar
hai donon ke joban per aaya nikhaar
lutaaati hai masti chaman mein bahaar
hai phoolon ke joban per aaya nikhaar
bulbul na kyun ho khushi mein deewaani ee ee
bulbul na kyun ho khushi mein deewaani ee ee
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
Aai mere

pee pee ki boli madhur bol papeehe
phir phir ke masti mein dol papeehe
ho dol papeehe
pee pee ki boli madhur bol papeehe
phir phir ke masti mein dol papeehe
sunaaye jaa tu apni prem kahaani
sunaaye jaa tu apni prem kahaani
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
aayi mere

4 Responses to "Aayi mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani"

We in kannada write the word as SAVYASAACHI (ಸವ್ಯಸಾಚಿ ), Thanks for reminding me the word Arun ji

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The real word in Sanskrit is Savyasaachi only, but in Bengali language,it is Sabyasaachi.
-AD

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The word ‘Sabyasaachi’ always reminds me of the famous talented actor Sabyasaachi Chakraborty who acted in many Bangla films. I had watched his Bangla movie ‘Shwet Pathorer Thala’ and liked his performance very much.

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Thanks.
-AD

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