Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Na manzil teri na thhikaana

Posted on: December 12, 2022


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5260 Post No. : 17266

Today’s song is from a Telugu Language film which was dubbed in Hindi and named as Jaisingh-1959.

Till 1947, Hindi films were made mostly in Bombay,Lahore,Calcutta, Kolhapur and Poona. Most studios were located in these cities. South Indian language films were made mainly in Madras and Bangla films were made in Calcutta and Dhaka. The Partition in 1947 changed the picture completely. Wholesale polarisation took place.Producers of Hindi films had to flee from Lahore,leaving everything behind them and some artistes from Bombay left for Pakistan. Thus, after Partition, the exclusive centre for production of Hindi films was only Bombay. By 1950 things settled in India and Pakistan Film Industry.

Telugu film producers shifted to Hyderabad,Kannada films to Bangalore and Malayalam to Kerala. Madras, however,still made films other than Tamil,like Telugu Hindi etc. But now it was only Remakes of successful Tamil films or dubbed films.The 50s saw many Hindi films dubbed from southern languages(Read Tamil/Telugu). Initially,they were Mythological, Fantasy or costume films. In the 60s,however, even social films were remade.

Film production in Madras is very methodical and professional.They make films as per plans and in planned time.For this reason,in the 60s to 80s many Hindi film actors volunteered to to make films in south.The producers in south too had their favourites. In the Music area, there were, Ravi, C.Ramchandra or Madan Mohan, for lyrics and story, Rajinder krishna and Pradeep, and preferred actors were Jeetendra, Rajendra Kumar, Sunil Dutt and Mehmood.

Though Polarisation took place in film production, the attraction to come to Bombay and work here continued. Artistes from various centres still came to Bombay.
The biggest contribution came from Bengal,in music,direction and acting areas.Artistes from South tried their hand with Hindi films,either by Remade or dubbed films. Thus the greatest south actors like Sivaji Ganeshan,M G Ramchandran ,N T Rama Rao, A.Nageshwar Rao, Jailalita, Janaki, Susheela, Bhanumathi, Prem Nazir of the older generation and Rajanikanth, Kamal Hasan and Chiranjeevi from the next Generation were seen in Hindi films. Only Dr.Rajkumar, the Kannada Superstar never worked in Hindi films. In fact,except for just 1 Telugu film, Shri Kalahasti Mahatmyam-1954, Dr.Rajkumar never worked in any other language film.

In the music department also, many composers like K.Narayan Rao, S.Rajeshwar Rao, C R Subramanyam, E Shankar, R Sudershanam, Ramesh Naidu, Adi Narayanrao, Vishwanath-Rammurthy,Lingappa etc worked in Hindi films.

There was one name from South,which was so famous,but it is surprising that he too gave music to Hindi Films.His name was GHANTASALA.

The major difficulty for southern artistes was speaking in Hindi. Due to this, they hesitated to work in Hindi films and instead, preferred dubbing their hit films in Hindi, released them on All India basis and hoped for becoming famous. Initially, in the period of the 50’s and 60’s decades, there was a spate of dubbed films, as well as some remade films in Hindi. Later on and now of course only hit films are remade in Hindi. The count of dubbed films has gone down considerably. These days, I find that even hit films of Hindi are also remade in southern languages.

The original Telugu film was Jaisimha-1955. It was dubbed in Hindi and released in 1959 as Jai Singh. The cast of the film was Waheeda Rehman, Anjali Devi, N.T.Rama Rao (known popularly as NTR ), S.V.Ranga Rao, Relangi, Gummadi, Kanta Rao Rajnala and others. Waheeda Rehman had acted in this film before coming to Bombay for Hindi films.

The Telugu film was released on the Dussehra day-21st Oct 1955 in Hyderabad.NTR was extremely popular and there was a huge rush on the first day itself.The music of Jayasimha,by T.V.Raju was excellent.There were 10 songs and they were sung by stalwarts like,Jikki,P.Susheela,Ghantasala,P.Leela,R.Balasaraswati Devi,K.Rani,M.S.Rao,P.Nageshwar Rao etc.

The Hindi version has only 8 songs and ALL songs have the same tunes as in Telugu.The Hindi film MD was Ramesh Naidu,ably assisted by S.L.Merchant. The singers were Lata, Geeta, Usha, Manna Dey and P.Susheela ( who has sung 44 songs in Hindi in 20 films). The story of the film was a routine for a Costume film, but it became a hit film in Telugu, because of N.T.Rama Rao. In Hindi, however, it had an average audience.

JAI SINGH-1959 was a dubbed film in Hindi,which came after a 4 years’ gap. I have seen both the Telugu and the Hindi versions. The story was….

Jai singh(NTR) is an orphan Prince of Malwa state,who is brought up lovingly by the wife of the wicked Wazir Rudra Singh(SV Ranga rao).He wants to kill Jaisingh,but jaisingh escapes and reaches Magadh Desh,where he rescues Padmini(Waheeda Rehman),the princess from the robbers.They fall in love.
Jaisingh stays with his loyal but crippled soldier Randhir (Gummadi),whose daughter Kalindi(Anjali Devi)loves Jaisingh,who treats her as his sister.
The king of magadh is imprisoned by the rebels,but Jaisingh rescues him.Then Padmini is kidnapped.Meanwhile Rudra singh sends his senapathi and captures Jaisingh,to kill him.
Kalindi reaches the jail,rescues Jaisingh and dies in the fighting which follows,thus sacrificing her life for her love.
Jaisingh then fights Rudra singh,kills him and then rescues Padmini also.
They get married and live happily thereafter.

The Hero of this film N.T.Rama Rao (NTR) was a very famous and popular actor in the south. NTR founded his production company NAT with an intention to make message oriented movies. Though his first two productions, Pitchi Pullaiah and Thodudongalu won critical appreciation, they left him with a huge monetary loss. A disheartened NTR told his production chief and relative Atluri Pundarikakshaiah that they should sell their cars and henceforth travel by bicycles. His producer-brother Nandamuri Trivikrama Rao and Pundarikakshaiah suggested to him that they should make a folk tale for their next venture. NTR also felt it was a safe bet to produce folklore as three of his starrers in a row, Pathala Bhairavi , Chandirani , and Rechukka were big hits. Thus was born the story of Jayasimha .

In this film an actor Gummadi has done the role of an old soldier- Randhir, whose daughter is Anjali Devi. That time Gummadi was an young man below 30, but he did the role of an aged, old man. Later in his memoirs, Gummadi wrote ” “After shooting the song, Jaya Jaya Sri Rama, I removed the makeup and sat next to NTR. Anjali Devi asked NTR ‘who is this boy?’ NTR had a hearty laugh and replied, ‘Till now he is the one who acted as your father.’ I can never forget the surprised expression on Anjali Devi’s face. As an actor it was the most memorable moment in my life.”

Normally we do not know much about Southern actors or actresses. Today, let us know more about NTR. Nandmuri Tarak Rama Rao ( 28-5-1923 to 18-1-1996) was an actor and a Politician from Andhra Pradesh. He was undoubtedly one of the most popular actors in his hay days. That is why, probably, his many hit films were either remade or mostly dubbed in Hindi – the maximum number than any other south artiste – 23 films. His contemporaries like Sivaji Ganesan, MGR, Gemini Ganesan etc were far behind him in this race.

He was born in a small village in Krishna District of Andhra coming under the then Madras Presidency. He was adopted by his childless Uncle and Aunty. He matriculated in 1940 and graduated from Guntur college in 1947. He first joined Government service as a Sub-Registrar but quit in 21 days to seek film roles. While studying, he was married to his maternal cousin in 1943 from whom he had 8 sons and 4 daughters- a full dozen children.

He debuted in the film “Mana Desam “-1949, directed by L.V.Prasad. Then there was no looking back. In the 50’s, he became very popular by doing roles of Rama, Krishna and Karna in mythological films. Later he did many films of the ” Robin Hood ‘type. He acted in Telugu and Tamil films. In 1982, he left films and founded Telugu Desam Party to safeguard regional pride. He was Chief Minister of A.P. from 1983 to 1995. He died on 18-1-1996. He was given Padmashree in 1968.

As I am from Hyderabad and know Telugu language, I have seen many of his films. He had a typical Drama Type acting style, like all other south artistes of his times. He founded his own film company and studio called National Art Theatre ( NAT), and produced over 30 films.

Today’s song is sung by Manna Dey.

( My thanks to The Hindu, wiki, nett4you, muVys, HFGK and my notes, for this post. )


Song- Na manzil teri na thhikaana (Jai Singh)(1959) Singer- Manna Dey Lyricist- Prem Dhawan, MD- P.Ramesh Naidu

Lyrics

lehron mein hai chhupa kinaara aa aa
raat mein chhupa sawera aa
man ka diya jala le
ho jaayega door andhera

na manzil teri na thhikana
phir bhi rahi chalte jaana
le himmat se kaam re
saath hai tere Raam re

thhokar se tu raahen banaa le ae
aandhi mein bhi deep jala le ae
hat jaayenge badal kaale ae ae ae
le data ka naam re ae
saath hain tere Raam re
na manzil teri na thhikaana
phir bhi raahi chalte jaana
le himmat se kaam re
saath hai tere Raam re

aas ka sooraj doobaa jaata aa
tod chala tu sabse naata aa
aas ka sooraj doobaa jaata
tod chala tu sabse naata
tujhe pukaare teri maata aa aa aa
tujhe pukaare teri maata aa aa aa
roye aanchal thhaam re ae
saath hai tere Raam re
na manzil teri na thhikaana
phir bhi raahi chalte jaana
le himmat se kaam re ae
saath hai tere Raam re
na manzil teri na thhikaana
phir bhi raahi chalte jaana
le himmat se kaam re ae
saath hai tere Raam re

2 Responses to "Na manzil teri na thhikaana"

It was pleasure to read your post with the topic touching other than Hindi filmdom and detailed foray of other regional film center of the period. Quite a detailed article. Thanks.

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MANOHAR LAL DAVE ji,
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