Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘1945


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4514 Post No. : 16066

Today’s song is from the film Kurukshetra-45. This was a film made by Unity Productions, Calcutta. The film was directed by Rameshwar Sharma. This is an unknown name. I could only find that he had directed only 3 films…Bhakta Kabir-1942, Kurukshetra-45 and Vaasana-52. All these films were made by Unity productions, so maybe he was from Calcutta. The Lyricist was Jameel Mazhari – another new name. He seems to have written songs for only this film. The Music Director was Pandit Ganapat Rao.

I tried hery hard to get some information about this MD, but to no avail. However, what I know about him is….Pt.Ganapatrao Gurav,the Music director of this movie was basically a Classical singer and was the first batch disciple of Ustad Karim Khan,the founder of Kirana Gharana. He was a Court Musician in the state of Jamkhandi, Karnataka. He hailed from Ratnagiri dist.of Maharashtra and was a respected figure in classical circles.
However,like some other classical singers of his time,he too ventured in Film music and gave music to Kurukshetra and Bebus(1950) featuring Bharat Bhushan and Poornima.

He returned to classical singing and today his Grandson Pt .Kaibalyanath is an accomplished singer awarded A grade by AIR and Doordarshan,in addition to many awards. There is an annual Pt.Ganapatrao memorial festival conducted by India Habitat Centre also.

The cast of the film was K L Saigal, Nawab kashmiri, Shyamlo, Udwadiya, Radharani, Agha Mehmood kashmiri, Tara, Kamal kant etc.etc. There were 14 songs in the film. Four songs-all sung by Saigal are already on the Blog. Today’s song will be the fifth song here.

The Film indicates 2 names, which are cases of ” Same Name Confusion”. Radha Rani and Kalyani – singer of today’s song. There were 2 singer actresses by the name of Radha Rani. One was from Bombay and the other was from Calcutta. Today’s Radha Rani is Calcuttewali.

This Radha Rani was born in 1903 at Jiaganj, Murshidabad in West Bengal. She was from a rich Marwadi family settled in Bengal for many generations. Her Bangla was very good. After the demise of her father, her mother established a Gopal ji Mandir at her residence.

Listening to kirtans from in house offerings and also from visitors, she developed a liking for devotional songs. She was trained by Keertania Harimakhan Das and then Manju Ustad. She was trained in Thumris and Ghazals by Ustad Dabeer Khan. She stayed in Behrampur to learn music.

She started giving performances. In one such performance, the Zamindar of Jiaganj, Surendranath Singh heard her. Impressed with her, he brought her to Calcutta and she was exposed to theatre ,Radio and films. Her first silent film was Sreekant-30. Then she acted in several silent films like in which she worked with Debki Bose, Sabita devi, Dhiren Ganguly etc etc. She cut several private records for Hindustan Records company. She sang pala Keertan songs which became very popular.

New Theatres took her in ‘ Yahudi ki Ladki ‘-33. Subsequently she also acted in film ‘ Kashinath-43’ from New Theatres. She acted in only films made in Calcutta and by Calcutta companies. She did many Bangla films.

Radha Rani also gave playback in 4 Hindi films,namely- Mukti-37, Nartaki-40, Aandhi-40 and Irada-44. She worked in Hindi films till only 1947. How long she worked in Bangla films, I do not know. This Radha Rani expired on 22-8-1997 at Calcutta, at the ripe age of 94 years.

Filmography in Hindi- Silent films like Srikant-30, Flames of Flesh-30, Panchsaar-30, After the Death-31, Money makes what not-31 etc Talkie Films- Yahudi ki ladki-33, Daku ka Ladka-35, Daksha Yagnya-35, Kadkati Bijli-36, Khudai Khidamatgar-37, karmaveer-38, Kashinath-43, Shri Ramanuj-43, Kurukshetra-45, Baap-46 and Aisa Kyun-47.

The other Same Name Confusion name is that of singer Kalyani. There were 2 singer actresses with the same name Kalyani. One was mainly active in Bombay films and the other was active in Calcutta films. Since this is the first time, I give notes on both the artistes.

Kalyani Bai (1920-2009) (real name – Zarina) was an actor-singer who was trained in classical singing. She sang khayal, thumri and ghazals for All India Radio and recorded such genre of songs for HMV. This led her to a filmy career in Calcutta in 1934 as an actor-singer. After some struggle, she was employed with New Theatres and she acted in films like ‘Anaath Ashram’ (1937), ‘Mukti’ (1937), and ‘President’ (1937) in which she also sang some songs for herself.

In 1937, Kalyani Bai left New Theatres and joined Ranjit Movietone in Bombay (Mumbai). Her first film with Ranjit Movietone was ‘Toofaani Toli’ (1937). In the 40s, she appeared to have become a free-lancer, although I find that she worked in more films directed by VM Vyas of Sunrise Films than other banners. She was one of the singers in the famous All-Women qawwali in the film Zeenat-1945. Her last film as an actor-singer was ‘Ghar’ (1945). However, she lent her voice for other actresses in films released during 1947-54. She also acted in small roles in a few films of the 1970s and probably early 80s. She later married Seth Chirauddin Bakar. She had 2 sons and a daughter from him. She retired and settled in Bombay. She died on 1-10-2009.

Kalyani Das was a playback singer who started her career in Hindi films from Calcutta with PC Barua’s ‘Jawaab’ (1942) and ended her playback singing career in Hindi films with ‘Iran Ki Ek Raat’ (1949). She also sang for a few films made in Bombay. To the best of my knowledge, she did not act in any films.

It is not so difficult to segregate ‘Kalyanis’ as both of them worked in Calcutta at different times. Kalyani Bai worked in films produced in Calcutta up to 1937 whereas Kalyani Das commenced her playback singing career from Calcutta from 1942 onward. She mostly worked for music director Kamal Dasgupta (8 out of 11 Hindi films in which she was playback singer). She sang 37 songs in 11 films….Jawab-42, meghdoot-45, Kurukshetra-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Prem ki Duniya-46, Bindiya-46, Manmaani-47, Giribala-47, Faisla-47, Swayamsidha-49 and Iran ki ek raat-49.

Films made with the name ” Kurukshetra ” were many, made in different languages. As per the CITWF (complete index to world films) data, such films were made in 1933, 1945, 1977, 1983, 1987, 1988, 2000 and 2008. The oldest Kurukshetra was produced by Chhatrapati Cine Co. Kolhapur , Directed by Sardar Balasaheb Yadav, Music by Bhurji khan Saheb and the cast included Balasaheb Yadav, Madhavrao, Joshi, Nandrekar, Hansa, Padma etc. It was a Mythological movie

Film Kurukshetra-45 was released on 17-5-1946 in New West End theatre, Bombay, where it ran only for 4 weeks. According to the review in magazine ‘ Film India’ of July 1946, the film was not liked by the audience. As usual the editor criticised the director and the story/dialogue writer-Kamalkant Varma. This Sharma-Varma pair spoiled the film, as per the review. It was, however, all praise for Saigal and the Music Director. Personally, I was not much impressed with any song of this film, but still, I find today’s song much better in tune, music and the rendition by Kalyani Das.


Song-Ae mere swapan ke vaasi (Kurukshetra)(1945) Singer- Kalyani Das, Lyricist-Jamil Mazhari, MD- Pt. Ganpatrao (Gurav)

Lyrics

Ae mere swapan ke vaasi
Ae mere swapan ke vaasi
aa jaa
aa jaa
aa jaa
aa jaa
aa jaa
aa jaa aa aa aa aa

ae mere swapan ke waasi
ae mere swapan ke waasi
aa jaa
aa jaa
aa jaa
bhhenee bhheenee basant ritu mein aen
bhhenee bhheenee basant ritu mein
?? ka tyohaar manaa jaa
aa aa aa
madhur madhur sangeet bhari ??
madhur madhur sangeet bhari ??
hriday patal par chhaa jaa
hriday patal par chhaa jaa
ae mere swapan ke waasi
ae mere swapan ke waasi
aa jaa
aa jaa
aa jaa
aa jaa aa aa aa aa

ae mere swapan ke waasi
ae mere swapan ke waasi
aa jaa
aa jaa
aa jaa
dukh ke saagar ka ??jaa
ankhiyaan tarse
daras dikhaa jaa
baaghon mein bhanwre goonj rahe
kaliyon ka munh choom rahe
tu bhi mukh dikhlaa jaa aa aa
ae mere swapan ke waasi
ae mere swapan ke waasi
aa jaaaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4506 Post No. : 16047

Today’s song is from the film Kaise Kahoon-1945.

To start with, Bombay was the first film making centre followed closely by Calcutta. Slowly, some other centres like Madras, Coimbatore, Poona, Bangalore etc. as occasional film centres also developed. In 1924,i.e. 11 years after the first silent feature film was released in Bombay, Lahore made its first silent film-“The daughters of Today”. It was made and released in Lahore. This film was made by Mr. G K Mehta, a former officer of North Western Railways, who had imported a Camera from London. A R Kardar, who was making posters for foreign film productions and who was a qualified well known Calligrapher, assisted Mehta. Kardar and his friend Ismail both also acted in that film.

In 1928, Kardar, with no other work on hand, decided to start a film making studio and a production company called ” United Players Corporation” to make films. He made 12 silent films in Lahore, thus bringing Lahore’s name on the map of film centres in India. Therefore, Kardar can be called the architect of Lahore film industry, in a sense. Slowly Talkie films were planned in Lahore. Dalsukh Pancholiestablished his studio. The making of films like Khazanchi, Khandan and Zamindar firmly established Lahore as a Film making centre. Many films like Poonji, Daasi etc were made there. Punjabi aspirants in various fields like acting, direction, music, singing, cinematography etc found Lahore convenient to start careers, rather than going to Bombay all the way.

Film Kaise Kahoon – 45 was made by Pancholi Art Studio, Lahore which had earned All India fame with its highly successful films. As per Baburao Patel’s review in Film India magazine January 1945, the film’s story was by Dalsukh pancholi himself. He had also written the story for another hit film Daasi-44 earlier. Patel said in his review that ” Pancholi stole ideas from foreign films “. Whether True or not, the treatment Pancholi’s films gave to the stories was certainly loved by the audience all over India, so there was no problem. The film was directed by foreign trained Moti B Gidwani, who directed 17 films in his career. It is interesting to know, however, that his first film as a director, ” Midnight Girl -29″ was a resounding flop and it caused the film maker company- Maharashtra Film company of Kolhapur to close down. It also caused a group of 5 people to leave the company earlier and start their own Prabhat Film Company, at Kolhapur.

Cast of the film was Ragini, Najmul Hasan, Akhtar, Jagirdar, Durga Mota etc. Ragini was famous and popular. She was one of the two actresses of Hindi films, who had Brown eyes, the other being Vanmala. The hero Najmul Hasan was a compromise actor, who had become infamous due to his elopement with Devika Rani of Bombay Talkies. She returned to her husband and he was left high and dry ! Baburao Patel described him as ” an overfed Owl ” !

One name in the cast is that of Durga Mota. His real name was Durgaprasad. Due to his heavy build he was nicknamed Mota(fat). He was a permanent member of Pancholi films as a comedian. It is very sad that his career ended in a gruesome way. In 1947, after Partition, there was an exodus of millions from Lahore to India. Durgaprasad also wanted to shift to Delhi. He went to Lahore station to catch the train. Suddenly, a frenzied mob of rioters invaded Lahore station and they started killing all the passengers waiting to go to India. People started running to save life. Due to his fatness, Durgaprasad could not move faster and was caught by the mob, who cut him in pieces on the Lahore Railway station platform itself.

The film was released on 16-11-45 ( 75 years ago to the date, almost), in Imperial Cinema, Bombay. The story of the film, as adapted from the Film India magazine review by our Sadanand kamath ji, was – A doctor (Gajanan Jagirdar) has a son and two grown up daughters – Geeta (Ragini) and Basanti (Baby Akhtar). The son who was in Burma is expected to return home, However, he is accidentally killed by Pradeep (Najam ul Hasan) without knowing the identity of the deceased. As it often happens in Hindi films, coincidentally, Pradeep lands in a doctor’s house for an overnight stay. He falls in love with Geeta instantaneously. The overnight guest becomes a permanent attachment. Basanti, the younger sister of Geeta, is also happy about her sister’s love for Pradeep.

As usual in Hindi films, when the love reaches a finale, a villain, a zamindar (probably Ajmal) steps in the picture. He comes to know about the accidental death of the doctor’s son and the killer who is none other than Pradeep. After a lot of suspicions and misunderstanding, the things get cleared and Pradeep gets his fiancee Geeta.

The music of film kaise Kahoon-45 was by a veteran Pt. Amarnath Batish. I am purposely calling him Batish, because there was another MD with the same name of Pt. Amarnath Chawla. They were obviously different, but were a case of ” Same Name Confusion” because both never wrote their full names. In this matter Marathi actresses never became a case of SNC, because they all used their surnames, like Shanta Apte and Shanta Hublikar, Nalini Tarkhad and Nalini Jaywant, Leela Chitnis and Leela Chandragiri etc. etc. This made matters clear and easy to identify.

In 1931 the first Talkie film was released. There were seven songs in this film. With this film, along with the existing Film Industry an additional Music Industry also came into existence. The early film makers understood the importance of music in India. Music, Instrumental or Vocal had secured the Royal Patronage from the kings and Nawabs. For the common people Gramophone records were providing musical entertainment. Occasional open air dramas and music concerts too were popular. By the 30’s decade the NFS (Non Film Songs) became a craze and several popular singers churned out their records.

Music became an integral part of Hindi films. Famous filmmakers like Prabhat, Ranjit, New Theatres, Madon Theatres, Bombay Talkies, Saraswati Cinetone etc. also helped in promoting film music. Initially Film music was greatly influenced by Parsi Theatre, and Marathi and Gujarati Natya Geets as well as Folk songs. This was successfully changed by Ghulam Haider with Punjabi Music in Lahore and Naushad with UP folk music in Bombay. Pt. Amarnath and his younger brother pair of Husnlal-Bhagatram carried forward the Punjabi music.

Amarnath Batish was born in 1912 in Jalandhar. He started his career as an actor and singer on stage dramas. He was a good Harmonium and Tabla player. He started his career with HMV as an Orchestra Director, in Delhi. Master Madan, the child Prodigy recorded few Punjabi songs under his baton.

It was natural that Amarnath joined Films. His first film was Roop K Shorey’s Nishani-1942. Pandit ji had discovered Naseem Akhtar. She and Shamshad begum sang songs for him. In the same year, his first Punjabi film Govandi-42 was released. His new find Zeenat Begum sang in it. Even Amarnath sang a song ” Pagadi utaar jatta” along with S D Batish and chorus in it. However, the British government banned this Patriotic song. The film was a hit film. Film Daasi-44 was his most popular film. All songs became hits. He did a film Irada-44, in Calcutta in which he introduced Hemant Kumar in Hindi films.

Simultaneously, he was giving music to Punjabi films too like Koel-44 and Gul Baloch-45.During the 40s decade Pt. Amarnath was the most busy composer, with a line up like- Nishani-42, Paapi-43, Irada-44, Daasi-44, Panchhi-44, Shirin Farhad-45, Ragini-45, Kaise Kahoon-45, Dhamkee-45, Sham Savera-46, Shalimar-46, Shehar se door-46, Jhumke-46, Aai Bahar-46, pagdandi-47, Mirza Saheban-47, Roop Rekha-48 and Ek Teri Nishani-49.

He gave music to 18 Hindi films, composing 152 songs in all. Due to his success, he started taking drinks, which became his nemesis. At the time of film Pagdandi-47, after a few songs, he was replaced by Khurshid Anwar. Even in his last two films Roop Rekha-48 and Ek teri nishani-49 after a few songs, he was replaced by other MDs. Film Patjhad, which he had signed, was given to Ghulam Haider.

During the making of the film Mirza Sahiban-47, Pt. Amarnath died at the age of just 35 years, on 20-2-1947. The balance songs were done by Husnlal Bhagatram.

(Adapted with thanks, from Film Sangeetkar by Prof. Yadav, an article by Sharad Dutt in milleniumpost.in, Dhunon ki yatra by P.Raag, HFGK, muVyz and my notes).

So far, 2 songs of this film were discussed. Today’s song is the third song here. I would say, songs of this film do not conform to the fame of Pt. Amarnath for giving melodious songs. But then, every song of every film can not be of the same quality.


Song-Gori gaagar ki Ganga udhhaar diye jaa (Kaise Kahoon)(1945) Singers- S D Batish, Shamshad Begum, Lyricist- Sharma, MD- Pt. Amarnath
Chorus

Lyrics

Gori ee
gaagar ki Ganga udhhaar diye jaa
udhhaar diye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe Ganga kasam

haan
dil waalon ke dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa
vyopaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe Ganga kasam
gori ee
gaagar ki ganga

wo bageeche mein dekho
wo gaagar pade
wo bageeche mein dekho
wo gaagar pade
nahin hoti hai
?? mein pade
babu dil mein hi
o babu dil mein hi
dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa

gori
gaagar ki Ganga udhhaar diye jaa
udhhaar diye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
o tujhe
o tujhe
ganga kasam

baabu
dil mein hi Ganga utaar kiye jaa
utaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe Ganga kasam

Gori ee
gaagar ki ganga

Gori har roz tumse to kehna nahin
Gori har roz tumse to kehna nahin
sada gaagar ki ganga mein behna nahin
sada roop jawaani mein rehna nahin
rehna nahin
aji din hain tere
upkaar kiye jaa aa
baabu u
dil mein hi dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa
vyopaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
o tujhe
o tujhe
ganga kasam

o gori ee
gaagar ki ganga

baabu baala jobanwa hai
pyaar kiye jaa
pyaar kiye jaa
baabu baala jobanwa hai
pyaar kiye jaa
pyaar kiye jaa
kachchi kaliyaan hain
kachchi kaliyaan hain
tan man nisaar kiye jaa
nisaar kiye jaa
phool ban’ne talak
intzaar kiye jaa

gori ee ee
gaagar ki ganga udhhaar kiye jaa
udhaar diye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
o tujhe

baabu
dil mein hi dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa
vyopaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
ganga kasam

o gori ee
gaagar ki ganga


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4488 Post No. : 16010

Tanvir Naqvi – 48th Death Anniversary on 01/11/2020
——————————————————————

Geet
————
Kahaan tak sunoge kahan tak sunaaun
Hazaaron hi shikwe hain kya kya sunaaun

Huzoor aap par ek jahaan ki nazar hai
Nigaah-e-karam se bhi mujh ko ye dar hai
Jahaan ki nazar mein kahin aa na jaaun
Kahaan tak sunoge kahaan tak sunaaun

Zamaana huaa hai muhe muskuraaye
Muhobbat mein kya kya hain sadme utthaaye
Kise yaad rakkhoon kise bhool jaaun
Kahaan tak sunoge kahaan tak sunaaun

Duaa hai yahi kuchh zabaan tak na aaye
Muhobbat ka shikwa bayaan tak na aaye
Jalen zakhm dil ke magar muskuraaun
Kahaan tak sunoge kahaan tak sunaaun
Kahaan tak sunoge kahaan tak sunaaun
Hazaaron hi shikwe hain kya kya sunaaun

Tanvir Naqvi
Courtesy: rekhta.org

This is the profile reproduced from Rekhta.org :

Tanveer Naqvi’s lineage traces back to a family of poets who originally came from Iran. With a family immersed in poetry, literature and arts, Naqvi came to be influenced by the poetry of dissent against the British Empire.

Naqvi started as a lyricist in the Hindi film industry in the 1940s, starting his career with Swami (1941). He wrote the lyrics for close to 200 films before moving to Pakistan. He was married to renowned singer and actress Noor Jahan’s sister, Eidan Bai. The big hits of his career include Mehboob Khan’s musical hit Anmol Ghadi (1946) and Jugnu (1947) which were each the highest grossing Indian films of the respective years. Anmol Ghadi (1946) has some of the most memorable melodies in Hindi Cinema. Few people know that Mohammad Rafi was introduced to the Hindi film industry by Naqvi. He was much sought after as a songwriter. After partition, Tanvir Naqvi migrated to Pakistan and for over 15 years remained one of the leading lyricists of Urdu and Punjabi films. His patriotic number sung by Noor Jahan during the 1965 war “Rang Laayega Shaheedon ka Lahoo” became extremely popular.
A collection of his poetry has been published under the title ‘Sunahre Sapne.’
He died on November 1, 1972 in Lahore.

If Tanvir Naqvi wrote songs for 200 films in India before migrating to Pakistan , at a guess his songs tally should be around 400, again guessing at an average of 2 songs per film. 85 songs are so far posted in the blog. So here is one more person who we need to thank for introducing Mohammad Rafi to the hindi film industry.

Shri. Shalin Bhatt Sir has commented on the youtube link of this song that there are 3 singers in this song, Khan Mastana, G. M. Durrani and Mohammed Rafi with Chorus. I agree with this, because I thought there are two different voices singing the second and third portion of the song. Rafi sahab has only two lines to sing independently and in another line in mukhda, he is accompanied by G. M. Durrani(?).

At the time of writing this post in 2018, I was hard at work trying to confirm the details of credits. That when I remembered that one of my cousin who has been in UAE for 3 decades now, once mentioned that Tanvir Naqvi’s son was his colleague, once upon a time, but it has been years since he shifted back to Pakistan. I asked my cousin at the time, if he could get in touch with the son, perhaps to confirm about the song. But it seems, the contact is lost, with no common friends/colleagues links.

This is the third song from Laila Majnu (1945) to be posted in the blog. All songs of this film are written by Tanvir Naqvi and music composer in Govind Ram. So this is one more of the many songs from 1940’s by Rafi sahab which are yet to be posted, as a tribute post for Tanvir Naqvi on his remembrance day.


Song-Sakhi ki khair maayi babaa ki khair teraa Allah nigehbaan ho (Laila Majnu)(1945) Singers-Mohammed Rafi, Khan Mastana, G. M. Durrani, Lyrics-Tanveer Naqvi, Music Director- Pt Govind Ram

Lyrics

Sakhi ki khair
maayii babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho
sakhi ki khair
maayi babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan
ho o o
Allah nigehban ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho
ho oo
Allah nigehban ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho
Allah nigehban ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho
sakhi ki khair
maayii babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo

chaar dinon ki hai yeh duniyaa
aakhir ko mar jaanaa hai
chaar dinon ki hai yeh duniyaa
aakhir ko mar jaanaa hai
samajh samajh kar chalna bande
duniya musaafirkhaana hai
ye duniyaa musaafirkhaana hai
ye duniyaa musaafirkhaana hai
sakhi ki khair
maayi babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo

haan aa
de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
haan aa
de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
Allah nigehbaan ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho
Allah nigehbaan ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho
de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo

dar par tere aaya sawaali
khairaat de de naa aa
khairaat de de naa aa
dar par tere aaya sawaali
khairaat de de naa aa
khairaat de de naa aa
bhar de pyaala apne karam se
meri duaa lenaa aa aa
bhar de pyaala apne karam se
meri duaa lenaa
sakhi ki khair
maayi babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
sakhi ki khair
maayi babaa ki khair
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
haan de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
haan de de maula naam (? ?)
teraa Allah nigehbaan ho oo
Allah nigehbaan ho
sakhi teraa maula nigehbaan ho


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4404 Post No. : 15791 Movie Count :

4350

Today’s song is from the film Taramati-45. This is an obscure film. None of its songs are available on YouTube or with Saregama. I was lucky to get hold of this rare song from one of my friends. Taramati-45 was produced by Ramniklal Shah, under his banner Ramnik Films. Yes, he is the same Ramniklal Shah, who married actress Indurani. Ramnik productions were known to make action/stunt films or C grade adventure films. Sometimes they would go for Mythological films. Actually, this was their first Mythological film.

Right from the silent era, the studio system was quite strong. Every notable studio had its own group of actors, directors and composers, along with technical staff. Most were on monthly pay rolls. They were tied up to the studio by a written contract. After the entry of Talkie films, studios became more alert in keeping or holding their people with them. This actually became a limitation for the actors and directors, who wanted to fly high and earn more. The second world war added to the woes of studios. Increasing costs, shortages of raw film and demanding artistes virtually broke the studios.

In or around the early 40’s, the studio system started giving away. When the studios broke up, they gave way to new establishments. Sagar gave way to National and Mehboob studios, Bombay Talkies fragmented into Filmistan, N R Acharya films and later filmalaya, New Theatre directors started their own companies like Bimal Roy, Barua, Nitin Bose etc., Prabhat made way for Rajkamal, Nene production, Alhad Chitra of Dharmadhikari etc.

Film Das baje -42 was a film made at the time when Prabhat’s disintegration had started. Shantaram had already walked out to start Rajkamal. After the film Das Baje-42, during 1943, another batch of Raja Nene, Shantaram Atavale, Datta Dharmadhikari and Keshavrao Bhole left Prabhat, while film Ramshastri was in the making. K.Bhole however, completed the music composition of film Ramshastri before leaving Prabhat and the balance film was directed by Gajanan Jahagirdar.

All this team joined Mohan studios. Some of the actors too joined them to make the film Taramati-45. The young director Raja nene, with a lot of experience in acting and of being the assistant director in Prabhat with the stalwarts like Shantaram, Damle and Fattelal was appointed Director of this Mythological film. He also had the experience of independently directing a successful film Dus Baje-42. Pt.Mukhram Sharma wrote the dialogues and songs. The story was developed by G P Pawar and Shantaram Athavale The music was looked after by Keshavrao Bhole and Ramchandra Pal. The cast included, Shobhana Samarth, Vasant Thengdi, Baby Shakuntala, Ananth Marathe and others. The film was released on 8-9-1945 at the Roxy Cinema in Bombay.

Raja Nene was born in a small village in Konkan, on 18-12-1912. His real name was Gajanan Hari Nene. His early education was done in his hometown and he graduated from a college in Ratnagiri. He was the nephew of Vishnupant Damle, a partner in Prabhat Films. After his graduation, Damle employed him in Prabhat as an assistant Director.

Raja assisted Shantaram in the film Vasantsena-35 and Amar Jyoti-36. During the making of the film Sant Tukaram, he was shifted to Damle-Fattelal duo as their assistant Director and he became a key figure in making that film. Subsequently, he continued with Damle – Fattelal duo in their other ventures like Gopal Krishna-38 and Sant Dnyaneshwar-40. For film Sant Sakhu-41, his name was included as one of the directors, along with Damle-Fattelal. In between, he also acted in the film Duniya na maane-37.

In 1942, he directed his first independent film ” Dus Baje” a Marathi-Hindi bilingual. Meanwhile, V Shantaram, a mentor for all junior aspirants and his proteges, left Prabhat to start his own studio-Rajkamal Kalamandir. Same time, a new film of Prabhat-“Ramshastri” was given to Nene for direction. However, a group of Shantaram loyalists – Athavale, Dharmadhikari, Mukhram Sharma, Raja nene and Keshavrao Bhole – decided to leave Prabhat. The incomplete film Ramshastri-44 was completed by Gajanan Jagirdar, in addition to doing the lead role in the film. Keshavrao Bhole also completed his work before leaving Prabhat.

The entire group joined Mohan studios. After the film Taramati-45, Nene started his own company – Raja Nene Productions and made the film ” Shadi se Pehle”-1947. Nene not only acted in the film, but also directed it along with Debutant director Datta Dharmadhikari. After Rajkamal, Nene Productions was the next big production house to emerge from Prabhat Films. It was followed by Alhad Chitra of Datta Dharmadhikari.

After directing film Lalat-47 ( debut film of actress Ushakiran), Nene turned to Marathi films, acting and directing hit films like, Patthe Baburao and Ketakichya Banaat, Sant Ramdas etc. He returned to Hindi films and directed Shri Vishnu Bhagwan-51, Bhai ka pyar-51, Rajrani Damayanti-52, Lanka Dahan-52, Indrasen-52, Radha krishna-54, Pehli Tarikh-54, Hanuman Janma-57 and Gauri Shankar-58.

In between and after 1958, Nene directed only Marathi films, but acted in few Hindi films. His film Pehli Tarikh-54 was a hit film and the famous Kishore song, ” Khush hai zamana aaj pehli tarikh hai” was filmed on him only. Film Pehli Tarikh was remade in Kannada and Tamil by P. Neelkantham as Modaltedi-55. Raja Nene expired on 21-2-1975 at Bombay. He directed 16 Hindi films and acted in 14 Hindi films from 1937 to 1975. ( Ack: based on information from ” Marathi Cinema in Retrospect” by Sanjit Narwekar and Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Film India-Nov.45 with thanks.)

There is one unusual name in the cast of the film – Vasant Thengdi. Vasant Thengadi was born on 11-1-1910 at Nagpur. He was the son of Congress leader Dhaniram Thengadi. Vasant had his education in Poona. He could not join the Army, because of his father’s political connections. He had to leave his Engineering college after his father’s death. Being very handsome,tall and with good physique, he started working in Marathi dramas and films. He started his Hindi work with film Dhuwandhar-35. ( This was also the Debut film for Leela Chitnis and Meera Alexander). He started doing Villain roles and became popular and famous. Besides Marathi films, his Hindi films were Taramati-45, Phir bhi apna hai-46, Mera Ladka-38, Din Raat-45, Ten o clock-42 etc. Later he also worked as assistant director to Raja Nene.

Today’s film, as the name suggests, is a well known story of Harishchandra-Taramati. This is a story which appears in Aitareya Bramhanya, Mahabharat, Markendeya puran and Devi Bhagwat. This story has been quite popular with our filmmakers from the earliest era. As we all know, the first Silent feature film was Raja Harishchandra-1913, made by Dadasaheb Phalke. In the silent era there were 3 films called Raja Harischandra-in 1913, 1917 and 1927. There were two films called Harishchandra in 1928 and 1929. There were two Talkie films, Raja Harishchandra in 1952 and 1979, There was also a Satyavadi Harishchandra in 1931 itself. The story was so well known, that no wonder, film Taramati-45 did not do well at all at the box office.

Today’s song is sung by Baby Shakuntala. When I requested our Sadanand Kamath ji to upload this song for me, after listening to the song, this is what he said, ” This is one of the rarest songs which, to my mind, even SAREGAMA does not have mp3 clips of any song from the film.

Also, this is one of those marching songs which has been composed with a subdued orchestra giving more emphasis on the lyrics to inspire the listeners. The voice of Baby Shakuntala is neither ‘baby’ nor ‘adult’ but has the correct resonance for the marching song.” Very true.


Song-Veer abhimaan se badhta hua shaan se (Taramati)(1945) Singer – Baby Shakuntala, Lyricist – Pt. Mukhram Sharma, MD – Not known (Keshavrao Bhole or Ramchandra Pal)

Lyrics

Veer abhimaan se
badhata hua shaan se
Veer abhimaan se
badhta hua shaan se
thhakta nahin
thhakta nahin
veer kabhi thhakta nahin
veer kabhi thhakta nahin
aapas ki maar se
chinta ke bhaar se
aapas ki maar se
chinta ke bhaar se
jhukta nahin
jhukta nahin
veer kabhi jhukta nahin
veer kabhi jhukta nahin

shok ke pahaad se
dukhhon ki baadh se
rukta nahin
rukta nahin
veer kabhi rukta nahin
veer kabhi rukta nahin

khelta hai jaan par
khelta hai jaan par
mit’ta hai aan par
mit’ta hai aan par
hat’ta nahin
hat’ta nahin
veer kabhi hat’ta nahin
veer kabhi hat’ta nahin
kartavya ke maidaan se
veer kabhi hat’ta nahin
veer kabhi hat’ta nahin


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4399 Post No. : 15777

Today’s song is from the film Bhaijaan-1945. It was made by United films, Lahore. Directed by S.Khalil, it had music by Shyam Sundar. The songs were by Partau Lukhnavi. The film had 9 songs. The cast of the films was Noorjehan, Shahnawaz, Meena, Karan Dewan, Anis khatoon, Ansari, Nazir Kashmiri and others.Some of the songs shot on Noorjehan were sung by Nurjehan in the film, but the 78 RPM records of these songs were by Zeenat Begum. There are 4 such songs. This information is from the recordist Anant Thakur, as mentioned in HFGK. Anant Thakur is the same person whose name appeared as the Director of film Chori Chori-56, in later years.

The story of the film was written jointly by Ismat Chugtai and S.Khalil. Dialogues and songs were by Partau Lukhnavi. This film was the maiden venture of the United films. The producers of this film were Khalil and Murad. Though a small company, it is a wonder how they could get big stars like Noorjehan. The film was released on 15-9-1945 at the Imperial Cinema in Bombay. As per review of the film , which appeared in the Film India magazine of November 1945, the film did a better business than expected.

The story of this film is about a Muslim middle class family. From the film Qaidi-1940, there were many Muslim social films made by Fazli brothers, Mehboob Khan, K.Asif and some others. This went on till 1947 and after a sizable gap, some Muslim social films were made in late 50s and 60s. The story of film Bhaijan-45, as given By shri Kamlakar pasupuleti ji, in his book, “Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture, 1933 – 1947″ is given here….

This is the story of two well educated, cultured brothers, Nawab Afsar (Shahnawaz) and Nawab Anwar (Karan Dewan). Afsar is married to Sarwari Begum (Anis Khatoon) but falls in love with Benazir (Noorjehan)-a dancer. A child is born and Sarwari’s sister Shahida comes for her help. Anwar falls in love with her and their marriage is fixed. Anwar comes to know about Afsar’s involvement in Benazir and he goes to her asking her to keep away from his brother. She agrees, but falls in love with him.

A relative of Afsar, Shaukat (Nazir Kashmiri) who lives with them wants to marry Shahida and so spreads rumours that Anwar is in love with Benazir. One day Afsar finds Anwar in Benazir’s house and believing Shaukat’s stories, quarrels with Anwar and asks him to leave the house. Anwar leaves and proceeds to Bombay to look for a job. With this tension, Afsar falls sick and on Sarwar’s request, Benazir nurses him back to health. Learning about Anwar’s exit from this house, Benazir decides to leave the theatre and move to Bombay.

Meanwhile Afsar comes to know the tricks of Shaukat and throws him out. Shaukat goes to Shahida’s parents and tells stories about Anwar. They believe him and break Anwar-Shahida’s marriage. However, Sarwari informs all details to her parents. They ban Shaukat and the marriage is re planned. Anwar meets with an accident in Bombay. Knowing this, Afsar goes to Bombay and the brothers get united. Considering Anwar’s love for Shahida, Benazir decides to go out of his life and commits suicide. So, all is well and both families live happily thereafter.

This small budget film did good business. Dialogues were in simple Urdu. Every role was done nicely. Director Khalil went on to direct some more films. He directed 7 films only, namely Jhankaar-42, Nai Zindagi-43, Bhaijan-45, Shahkar-47, Sartaj-50, Gunehgar-53 and Benazeer-64. He had written 7 songs in the film Tajmahal-41.

In this film the role of Afsar was important and was done effectively by actor Shahnawaz, who later on migrated to Pakistan and did better there than in India. Shahnawaz Khan, known only as Shahnawaz, was born on 18-9-1906 in Hyderabad Deccan. His father was a Major in Hyderabad’s Nizam Army. During his school education, he used to act in dramas. After Matriculation, he joined a Govt. Service in Hyderabad state. He was, however, keen on joining films and dramas. After 5 years, he left the job and started a Motor car business. In that connection, he would visit Bombay often and try his luck at different studios. Finally, his efforts bore fruit and he got a Villain’s role in film Bharat ka laal-36, in which he was listed as S.Nawaz. It was a stunt film made by the Kadam brothers (Harischandra rao and Chandra rao Kadam), with Master Bhagwan as the Hero.

After this, he never went back to Hyderabad. Then came his films Daulat-37, Toofani khazana-37, Rangila Mazdoor-38, Jungle king-39, Sardar 40 etc etc. In 1940, he joined Bombay Talkies and worked in films. He was apparently in Devika Rani’s camp. He was seen in Punarmilan-40, Bandhan-40, Jhoola-41, Naya Sansar-41, Kismet – 43 and Hamari Baat-43. He also worked in Masterji-43, Police, Parakh and Anban-44, Zeenat, Bhaijan and Humayun-45 and few more films. In all, he did 35 films in India. In 1948, Shahnawaz migrated to Pakistan. He was welcomed there. He did 41 films in Pakistan (32 Urdu and 9 Punjabi). Some of his films were quite famous, like Aansoo-50, Sassi-54, Ayyaz-60 etc.

Shahnawaz died in Karachi on 18-6-1971. His last released film was Nek Parween-75.

Today’s song is sung by 3 unidentified female voices and a chorus. HFGK mentions this song as a Chorus song only. The music of this film does not justify the image of Shyam sundar.
( Ack: information for this post is taken from HFGK, muVyz, Film Directory-1946, KamlakarP.’s book ” Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture,1933-1947″, Film India magazine and my notes ).


Song-Begum janiya ki godi bhari (Bhaijaan)(1945) Singer- Unidentified female voices, Lyricist- Padtau Lakhnavi, MD- Shyam Sundar

Lyrics

Begum janiya ki godi bhari
Begum janiya ki
Begum janiya ki godi bhari
abhilaasha bani hai pari
abhilaasha bani hai pari
begum janiya ki
Begum janiya ki godi bhari
Begum janiya ki godi bhari

?? ki machaao sakhi ree
?? ki machaao sakhi ree
hil mil ke gaao bajaao sakhee ree
hil mil ke gaao bajaao sakhee ree
kaahe dholak kinaare (?) jagee ee ee
kaahe dholak kinaare (?) jagee ee ee
begum janiya ki
Begum janiya ki godi bhari
Begum janiya ki godi bhari

kaisi sakhi ki dulhaniya hai pyaaree
kaisi sakhi ki dulhaniya hai pyaaree
joodaa suhaana hai gahna hai bhaaree
joodaa suhaana hai gahna hai bhaaree
aao minnat sakhi ham karen aen aen
aao minnat sakhi ham karen aen aen
begum janiya ki
Begum janiya ki godi bhari
Begum janiya ki godi bhari

sharmaaye na jo haaye
sharmaaye na jo tauba
sharmaaye na jo le jaaye ??
sharmaaye na jo le jaaye ??
dheere chale haaye
dheere chale tauba
dheere chale ??
haaye moree ??
sharmaaye na jo haaye
dekhe jo taare
chhamaa chham chali hai
dekhe jo taare
chhamaa chham chali hai
doodhhon nahaai hai
pooton phhali hai
doodhhon nahaai hai
pooton phhali hai
?? ke jam jam yoon ??
?? ke jam jam yoon ??
dheere chale haaye
dhheere chale tauba
dhheere chale ?? mori lajeelee
haaye mori lajeelee
sharmaaye na jo haaye


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4382 Post No. : 15730

Today’s song is from the film Albeli-45. This was the first of the three same Title films. The other two were made in 1955 and 1974 ( interestingly, its masculine counterpart Albela was made 4 times- in 1951,1971,1990 and 2001 !).

The film was made by Talwar Productions, Calcutta. The music was composed by G A Chisti, who, while in India, got only B and C grade films. He became a big composer in Pakistan, after he migrated there in 1949. He was not only successful, but also got many awards. At the end of his life, he had become a Faqir. He was popularly known as ” Babaji” in the film industry, here and in Pakistan, due to his helpful and simple nature. As per HFGK, the lyricists of film Albeli were Shanti Swarup and Chisti. The cast was Ramola, Rooplekha, Manorama, Satish, Hiralal, Usha and many others. Albeli-45 is perhaps the only film in which there were three Jew girls as Heroines – Ramola, Rooplekha and Manorama.

The film was directed by R C Talwar. R.C.Talwar aka Raghubir Chand Talwar was born on 21-4-1910, at Tolaganj, in Western Punjab-now in Pakistan. His film life, as many others of his ilk, started in Calcutta and ended in Bombay. While at Calcutta, he worked as an assistant to Kidar Sharma. After the success of the film, Aulad / Dil Hi Toh Hai (1939), Ramola got romantically involved with R.C. Talwar, Kidar Sharma’s assistant who later became a director in his own right. According to Kidar Sharma, “R.C. Talwar was a classmate and friend so I ignored his relationship with Ramola.”

He was a screenplay writer, producer and Director. Starting from Manchali-43, produced by Talwar productions,Calcutta, which he had established there, Talwar directed films like Khamoshi-42, Albeli-45, Khiladi-50, Sangdil-52, Ilzam-54, Rukhsana-55, Memsahib-56, Ek dil sau afsane-63 and Naya Kanoon-1965. He produced 2 films, Sangdil and Memsahib-for which he had written the screenplay also.

Talwar directed Kishore Kumar in 3 films, Ilzam, Rukhsana and Memsahib. In all these films, the Heroine was Meena Kumari. While Ilzam was a social film, Rukhsana was a Costume film and Memsahib was supposed to be a comedy film. This was also produced by him.

After the film Memsahib was completed, Talwar had to pay a balance amount of Rs. 8000/- to Kishore Kumar. Even after Kishore’s several reminders, Talwar failed to pay Kishore his dues. Kishore Kumar employed a novel idea. Everyday, in the morning, before proceeding for shooting, Kishore would go to Talwar’s house. Standing outside at his gate, Kishore used to shout loudly,” Hey Talwar, de de mera Aath Hazaar “. This continued for a few days and Talwar was so annoyed that he paid off Kishore’s dues.

India is a country in which many religions co exist and thrive happily. India’s history says, it was Secular from times immemorial and it never preveted any religions from growing here. The Indian culture believes that all religions are different roads to God. That is why India is considered a Heaven for other religions.

As per records, the first ever outside religious group that came to India was Jews – who landed near Cochin, in Kerala, in the 6th Century. Islam came to India in the 7th Century and a Mosque built by the early visitors in 629 AD still exists in India. The Parsis came to India in the 8th Century. Such was the tolerance of the Indians, since the beginning. No wonder, these religions not only sought growth here but also prospered safely.

Muslims, Parsis and Jews joined the film industry, since its beginning in the Silent Era.

The number of artistes given by one of the single Non Indian communities, in those days was the Jews. The Jews came to India in 562 BCE and in 70 CE in two lots. They settled in various parts of India. It was the first foreign religion to come to India, even before Islam or the Zorostrian. There were 8 types of Jews, based on their locations in India.

1. Cochin Jews
2. Madras Jews
3. Bene Israeli Jews in Bombay and Konkan areas
4. Baghdadi Jews-Gujarat, Bengal and Eastern India
5. South Asian Jews
6. Bnei Menashe- NE states
7. Bene Ephraim- Telugu and
8. Delhi Jews- Punjabi

Though the Jews mingled freely and adapted themselves to local atmosphere- maintaining and following Judaism-, the Jews who took up to Film Industry were only the Bene Israeli and Baghdadi Jews. A point to note was that no Jews from Kerala or Madras even entered the film line. It was only the Hindi films and that too mainly Jew women joined films. The earliest recorded Jew girl to work as a Heroine in a film was Ruby Meyers ( Sulochana ). She acted in silent film Veer Bala-1925, made by Mohan Bhavnani for Kohinoor Film company, Bombay. She went on working in films and became very popular. When the Talkie film age came, she contacted Imperial film co. to stake her claim, but was rejected as she was not fluent in speaking Hindustani. Learning from this, she took one year off and became an expert in Hindi and learnt singing too. She made a thumping entry with the Talkie film Madhuri-1932, in which she sang 4 songs also ! Hats off to the dedication !

There were other Jew actresses like Rose Musleah (Miss Rose), Lilian Ezra (Lilian), Marcia Soloman(Vimla), Rachel Sofaer(Arti Devi), Esther Abraham (Pramila), Rachel Cohen (Ramola), Sofia Cohen (Rooplekha), Sofia Abraham (Romilla), Irene Issac (Manorama), Patience Cooper, Violet Cooper, Susan Soloman(Feroza Begum), Florence Ezekiel(Nadira) and many more. Among the males- David Joseph Penkar wrote the story and dialogues of Alam Ara-1931, Actor David Cheulkar (David ), Ezekiel Penkar (Viju Penkar- Tarzan film Tarzan and the Cobra-88 and few more films) and Lily Ezekiel (Asha Bhende), Edvyn Meyers (Ezra Mir) and Pearl Padamsi are well known Jews. There were some male Jews in the Technical side also.

Actress Ramola (real name- Rachel Cohen) was born in a Jew family on 5-7-1917, at Bombay. Her father Hayam Cohem was a school Teacher. Her initial education was done in Bombay. Later they shifted to Calcutta where she completed her matriculation and joined films. Her first film was ‘ Graher fer’-38,a Bangla film. She did a few small roles and then came ‘Khazanchi’-41 from Pancholi of Lahore. This changed her career and she became a popular actress. She did films like Masoom,Khamoshi manchali.etc etc.

Initially,Ramola was a small actress. First she acted on stage along with her two sisters. Then she got a Bangla film. It was Jagdish Sethi who introduced her to director/lyricist/dialogue writer Kidar Sharma.

According to Kidar Sharma,

“She was smart and a charming young lady. Her only drawback was her height. She was not tall, just about 5 feet, but she had lofty ambitions. One day she came to see me and I promised I would personally take her to the director of her choice. She said, “I would like to be introduced to Mr. Nitin Bose, and no one else.” I took her to Mr. Bose, and was sure that her charm and talent would impress him.

Mr. Bose scanned her, from top to toe, while I praised her talent and her choice of a director, like Nitin Bose. After a long silence, Mr. Bose addressed me and said, “When you brought her to me, why did you forget to bring some bricks for her to stand on?” Poor Romola was hurt and heart-broken by this great director’s caustic remark. She quietly said, “Goodbye” and walked away from his office.

I followed her and found that she was in tears. ‘I was moved by the plight of a struggling youngster having high hopes, being ridiculed for something which nature was responsible for. I knew what it felt like to be ridiculed. I had experienced it often enough. I escorted her to the tram junction and there she bid me goodbye. To encourage her, I said, “Please, Romola, don’t be heart-broken. One day, when I become a director, you will be my first heroine, and we will prove to Mr. Bose and the world, what a great star you are.” Romola laughed and said,- “Poor Mr. Kidarnath, the dialogue-writer will never be a director and I will never be a heroine.” So saying, she jumped into the tram.”

However, Kidar Sharma kept his promise and cast her in his first film as director Aulad / Dil Hi To Hai (1939). Aulad/Dil Hi To hai was a down-to-earth story of a middle-class father, who had sacrificed all his life to educate his son and his darling daughter, hoping that they would be worthy children to the society and to the family. Little did the old man know that the generation gap would present a different, horrifying reality, which would destroy him completely. The modern college Miss, who destroys the dreams of her old father, the aged struggling middle class man, was played by Ramola.

After the success of the film, Ramola got romantically involved with R.C. Talwar, Kidar Sharma’s assistant who later became a director in his own right. According to Kidar Sharma, “R.C. Talwar was a classmate and friend so I ignored his relationship with Ramola.”

Later Ramola appeared in many films including Qaidi, Khazanchi, Khamoshi, Swan Aya Re, Rim Jhim etc. When she acted in Pancholi’s famous film Khazanchi-41, she became famous all over India and film offers started pouring on her. She looked so cute in her Punjabi dress- Salwar and Kurta- in that film, that this dress became famous and popular as Khazanchi dress amongst the women in India.

Ramola’s sister Rooplekha (Sofia Cohen) was also in films. Her first film was Nishani-42. After this she worked in 3 films, all with Ramola. The films were, Shukriya-44, Albeli-45 and Jhoothi kasmen-48. Later she got married and left films.

Ramola acted in 23 films in Hindi and 5 films in Bangla. She even sang 14 songs in 4 Hindi films. She also worked in a Punjabi film “Pardesi Dhola”, for which R C Talwar was the director. After the arrival of new heroines including Madhubala, Nargis, Meena Kumari etc, Ramola’s career got eclipsed and she bid farewell to her film career. Her last 3 films Actor, Jawani Ki Aag and Stage were released in 1951. However her actual last film was the Bangla film, Anurag-51.

Ramola was married twice. Her second husband, Leslie Rondeau, was a Captain in the British Air Force, who helped to train Indian pilots in the IAF post Indian Independence. Her son, Sam, from her first husband, migrated to Israel in the 1950s. She had two daughters, Dena and Linda, from her second marriage. Dena, based in London today, even acted in a film, GP Sippy’s Ahsaas (1979), and works in the fashion industry while Linda, a resident of Bombay, was an air-hostess with Air India. With her generous and large hearted spirit, Ramola also ‘adopted’ and looked after another 14 families, helping them move ahead in life.

Ramola passed away in Bombay on 10-12-1988.

Film Albeli’s review came in the March – 46 issue of Film India magazine. As usual, Baburao Patel had nothing good to say about this film. The film’s story centred around the love affair of a street girl and a Gypsy boy, who is loved by two more girls. The film was released on 22-12-1945 at Central Cinema, Bombay. The story was by Talwar himself. Dialogues and Screenplay was by J.S.Casshyap. Out of the 12 songs of the film, I heard 5 songs and I felt that today’s song was the best amongst them. The song is a duet sung by Zeenat begum and Satish, the film’s hero. Despite all efforts,I could not get any information about this Satish. All that I know is he acted in 24 films-from Uski Tamanna-39 to Bus Conductor-59. He seems to have sung 33 songs in 22 films, from Sanskar-40 to Baghi Sardar-56.

( Information for this post is culled from articles ” Shalom Bollywood” and ‘The rise and fall of Jews in Bollywood’ from Weekly news dated 6-4-2013, wiki, HFGK, muVyz,Film Directory-46, ” The one and lonely Kidar Sharma” by Kidar Sharma and my notes)


Song-Do Saajan ki aur do apni aankhen ho gayeen chaar (Albeli)(1945) Singers-Zeenat Begum, Satish, Lyricist- Not known, MD- G A Chishti
Both

<strong.Lyrics

Do Saajan ki aur do apni
Do Saajan ki aur do apni
aankhen ho gayeen chaar
aankhen ho gayeen chaar
Do Saajan ki aur do apni
Do Saajan ki aur do apni
aankhen ho gayeen chaar
aankhen ho gayeen chaar
donon ke is madhur milan se
donon ke is madhur milan se
basa naya sansaar

Do Saajan ki aur do apni
Do Saajan ki aur do apni
aankhen ho gayeen chaar
aankhen ho gayeen chaar

tum samjhaao(?) saajan beena
main beena ke taaaar
tum samjhaao(?) saajan beena
main beena ke taaaar
jhoom jhoom kar naachen gaayen
jhoom jhoom kar naachen gaayen

gaayen raag malhaar
gaayen raag malhaar

Do Saajan ki aur do apni
Do Saajan ki aur do apni
aankhen ho gayeen chaar
aankhen ho gayeen chaar

haan aan aan aan
sundar sundar naina teekhe
main unke balihaar
haan haan
sundar sundar naina teekhe
main unke balihaar
palkon pe bithhlaa ke peechhe ae ae ae ae
palkpn pe bithhlaa ke peechhe
ud jaaun us paar
palkpn pe bithhlaa ke peechhe
ud jaaun us paar
Do Saajan ki aur do apni
Do Saajan ki aur do apni
aankhen ho gayeen chaar
aankhen ho gayeen chaar
Do Saajan ki aur do apni
Do Saajan ki aur do apni
aankhen ho gayeen chaar
aankhen ho gayeen chaar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4376 Post No. : 15718

Today’s song is from the film Amrapali-1945. The film was made by Murlitone. This historical film was directed by Nandlal Jaswantlal. The music was composed by Saraswati devi, who had left Bombay Talkies, after the exit of Devika Rani. The 11 songs of the film were written by Miss Kamal, B.A.. Most readers who are knowledgeable about the vintage films of the 40’s know that Miss Kamal, B.A. was a pseudonym of Kavi Pradeep. At that time, he was under contract with Bombay Talkies and could not use his real name . Under this Pen name, he wrote lyrics for four films, namely Kadambari-44, Amrapali-45, Sati Toral-47 and Veerangana-47. Incidentally, all these films were directed by Nandlal Jaswantlal.

Nandlal was born on 15-3-1907 at Bardoli in Surat. His father was Admin. Officer in Kohinoor films. He started his career by joining it in 1924. He assisted Chandulal Shah(1926-29) and also directed silent and Talkie films for Ranjit from 1929 to 1933. Nandlal left the job and went to Europe on tour. On his return he joined the Imperial company(34-36) and directed some remakes of silent films of Sulochana into Talkie films. For one year-1937- he went to Madras and ran a Laboratory also.

His first Talkie film as a Director was Pardesi preetam-33 and last was Akeli mat jaiyo-63. Both were Ranjit films. Due to his death in 1961, Akeli mat Jaiyo was delayed and completed by Chandulal Shah himself. Best known for his later Filmistan musicals: Anarkali (with Bina Rai and music by C. Ramchandra) and Nagin (with Vyjayanthimala), one of the biggest post-Independence musical hits. Admired for his sophisticated lighting (with cameraman Pandurang Naik). Used extreme close-ups and unusual angles creating disjointed but dramatic and sensual spaces (e.g. the beginning of Anarkali). Last film Akeli Mat Jaiyo was completed by Chandulal Shah. Apparently filmed many of the famous song sequences of M. Sadiq’s musical Taj Mahal (1963).

FILMOGRAPHY: 1929: Jawani Diwani; Pardesi Saiyan; 1930: Pahadi Kanya; 1931: Premi Jogan; Ghunghatwali (all St); 1933: Pardesi Preetam; 1934: Indira MA; Kashmeera; 1935: Pujarini; 1936: Bambai Ki Billi; Jungle Queen; 1939: Jeevan Saathi; 1941: Kamadhenu; 1943: Pratigya; 1944: Kadambari; 1945: Amrapali; 1945: Sati Toral; Veerangana; 1951: Sanam; 1953: Anarkali; 1954: Nagin; 1956: Taj; 1957: Champakali; 1963: Akeli Mat Jaiyo (1963). (Thanks to Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema.)

In film Amrapali-45, the film story was by Ramchandra Thakur. Actually, this was based on Thakur’s own famous novel Amrapali. The dialogues were by Munshi Dil. The film, made under the banner of Murli Cinetone, was shot entirely in the Andheri studios of Lakshmi productions. The story of Amrapali is a real story, which took place in the times of Gautam Buddha. Although the original novel of Tamchandra Thakur depicted the reality in his book very nicely, the film story was twisted and under the guise of taking ‘ Cinematic liberty’, the main events of the story were drastically changed, twisting the history. Comparatively, the film ‘Amrapali’ made later in 1966 was much better. At least it did not change the original story. Amrapali or Ambapalika’s story is mentioned in old Pali language Texts and Buddhist literature.

The cast of the film was Prem Adib, Sabita Devi,Jeevan, Arun Ahuja, Jagdish Sethi, Badri Prasad, Sankatha Prasad, Gulab etc.etc. This film was special for its Heroine, because it was her last film as an actress. In the silent era, many Anglo Indian, Jew and European girls acted in films. They were preferred too, for their free uninhibited acting. Kissing and hugging was no problem for them. However, when the Talkie films arrived, most of these girls had to leave films, because they could not speak Hindi or sing a song. Only some few dedicated actresses from the lot like Sulochana (Ruby Meyers), Sabita Devi (Irina Gasper) etc, continued in films, because they learnt Hindi and singing, with great efforts.

The real name of Sabita Devi was IRINA GASPER. She was an Anglo-Indian,born in an affluent family of Calcutta, in 1914.

After completing education she wanted to join films, but her family objected. Without the family’s knowledge, she sent her resume and Photo to British Dominion Film Co., owned by Dhiren Ganguly in Calcutta. When they informed their consent the family resisted and kept her locked in the house. She fell ill and finally, the family conceded to her wish.

Her first Silent film was Flames of Flesh-1930. Then came Kanthahaar, A touch of Love, After the death, Aparadhi, Money makes what not and Bhagyalaxmi as silent films.

When the talkie came, she determinedly learnt Hindustani and Urdu and also Music.
Her first Talkie film was Radhakrishna-33, in which she sang 16 out of 23 songs in the film, but no records were made. Next was Ek din ka Badshah-33. She shifted to Bombay for better opportunities. In 1934,came Shahar ka Jaadu,with Motilal as a debut actor and this film was a Hit. Later she and Motilal became a popular pair.

She did many films. Her some films were-
300 days and after, Apki marzi, kokila, Kulvadhu, Amrapali, Ladies only, Chandragupta, Chingari, Dr.madhurika, grihalaxmi, holiday in bombay, Jeevan Lata, King for a day, Lagna bandhan, Manmaani, , Phantom Of the hills, Silver king, vengeance is mine, Village Girl etc etc. In all, she acted in 23 Talkie films and sang 15 recorded songs in 7 films.

She was a good Piano and Harmonium player. In later days in 1943 onwards, she stopped singing herself. Her last picture was Amrapali-45.

In 1946, she got married and left for England. She came back again only to die in Calcutta in 1965.

The story of Amrapali or Ambalika as per history and the Pali literature is.. Amrapali was a Nagarvadhu (Public Courtesan) in the kingdom of Vaishali (present day Bihar), and the king of the neighbouring Magadha kingdom fell in her love. To get her, he attacks Vaishali and wins. However, before he approaches Amrapali, she has transformed into an Arihant (a female Monk), after her encounter with Gautam Buddha.

This simple story was twisted and many side plots were added to it, thereby making the filma drab one, without evoking any excitement. Sabita devi in her 30’s and Prem Adib’s growing in size, after his own marriage and huge success of film Ram Rajya in 1943, were not suitable anymore for Romantic roles. All in all, the film was not a successful one. According to Baburao Patel’s review of the film,the technical aspects of the film were excellent. These are, in any way, not of any cognisance by the audience. The film was released on 2-11-1945 at Roxy theatre, Bombay.

Today’s song is a very good Marching song. This must be at the time of motivating Vaishali’s people when Magadh sena attacked them. It reminded me of the Marching song ‘ Zindagi hai pyar se’ from the film Sikandar-1941. This is the third song Aamrapali (1945) to appear on this Blog.


Song-Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re (Aamrpaali)(1945) Singer-Ameerbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Saraswati Devi
Chorus

Lyrics

Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re
jaag re
jaag re
Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re

apne desh ka wo jal raha hai baag re
apne desh ka wo jal raha hai baag re
apni maata ka
apni dharti ka lut raha suhaag re
naujawaan jaag re
Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawan jaag re
jaag re

jaag re
jaag re
jaag re

?? jo aag chaaron oar
??
takraane do
takraane do
maidaan mein talwaar se talwaar

hey karmveer jaago
hey shoorveer jaago
ranbheri baj rahi hai
praanon ka moh tyaago
aazaadi ke matwaalon
shamsheer ab uthhaalo
aazaadi ke matwaalon
shamsheer ab uthhaalo
apni izzat pe lag na jaaye daag re
naujawaan jaag re
Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawan jaag re
naujawaanjaag re
naujawaan jaag re

(jaag re
jaag re
jaag re)

hey ae ae
kisi ke aage jhukna mat
jhukna mat
jhukna mat
kadam badhaa ke rukna mat
rukna mat
rukna mat

o naujawaan
naujawaan
desh maangta hai aaj tera balidaan
o naujawaan
desh maangta hai aaj tera balidaan
tera balidaan
tu khud ko mita de
sarwasw lutaa de
aaj dushman se khul ke khel phaag re
naujawaan jaag re

aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re

aaj apne ghar mein lagai aag re
aaj apne ghar mein lagai aag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4321 Post No. : 15608

Today’s song is from an obscure film Hamara Sansar-45. It was a film made by Prakash Pictures, whose 2 Mythological films – Bharat Milap-42 and Ram Rajya-43, had become super duper hit films of that era. This branded Prakash Pictures as experts in Mythological films. Film Hamara Sansar-45 had actually followed another social film Police 44, but both films failed to continue the Hit parade of the two earlier successes. Prakash never wanted to be stamped or labelled as a film company of any particular Genre, so they decided to continue making social films, till they made the 3rd of the ” Shri Ram” series film few years later. They made film Raam Baan-48, with the same lead pair, but this film failed miserably due to various reasons.

Film Hamara Sansar-45 was directed by Dr. Shanti Kumar – not to be confused with Music Director Shanti Kumar Desai. In spite of several attempts, I could not get any information on this director since about 8 years. Film’s music was given by Pt. Gobind Ram, who was one of the major composers from among the Punjabi school of film composers in the 40s. His songs did not have exactly the Punjabi rhythm, but the style was exclusively Punjabi. His songs were sweet to ears. The cast of the film was Jeevan, Ranjana, Sumati Gupte, Jilloo, Umakant, Rajkumari Shukla, Susheel Kumar and many more.

When the film industry started growing, in the initial stage there were very few film making centres. By 1931, they were Calcutta, Bombay, Madras, Lahore and Kolhapur. It was but natural that in Calcutta, most artistes and technicians were Bengali. Nearby states like Assam, Dhaka,Orissa and Bihar also supplied manpower. Similarly in Madras, Tamilians, Andhrites, Kannada and Malayalam people were more in the industry. In Lahore, Muslims, Punjabis and Sindhis worked in films there.

In Bombay, two communities – Marathi and Gujarati played prominent roles in this growing industry. Bombay being the ‘ Mayanagari’ which provided work to everybody and anybody, who was ready to do work, no wonder people from every corner of India gathered here. Take the case of India’s first Talkie film Aalam Ara-1931. The producer and the screenplay writer-Ardeshir Irani, as well as the Music Director Phirozshah Mistry were Parsees, Dialogue writer Joseph David Penkar was a Bene Israeli Jew from Coastal area of Konkan, Hero Master Vithal was from Kolhapur of Maharashtra, Heroine Zubeida was from Gujarat, Jilloo was a tawayaf from Delhi, Prithviraj Kapoor was from Peshawar, W M Khan was from Western Frontier area, Jagdish Sethi was from Punjab, Elizer was from Tamilnadu, L V Prasad was from Andhra and Omkar Devaskar was from Madhya Pradesh.

However, the financial strings of film industry were in the hands of Gujarati people (including Parsees) and the actual work of acting, direction, music, singing, make up, costume and other technical aspects were done mostly by Marathi people. As the times moved on, the regional film centres anf films became stronger enough to provide opportunities to artistes etc and Marathi, South and others’ participation in Bombay became thinner. However, on and off Marathi artistes kept on coming to Hindi films in various departments-mainly acting and music. One such artiste was Sumati Gupte, about whom, hardly any information is available in English or Hindi books or on internet sites. For the first time, here are her details, for our readers.

Sumati Gupte was born on 11-5-1918 in a small town, Vai, in Satara District of Maharashtra. However, her education took place in Baroda, Gujarat, from where she completed her graduation and obtained B.A. degree. She was keen to work in films.

She joined Prabhat Film company to work in its Bilingual film Sant Dnyaaneshwar-40. The film was released on 21-5-1940 in Central cinema, Bombay. It became a hit film. She sang 2 songs also in this film. She started getting film offers in Marathi. She acted in several films like Thoratanchi kamala, Navardeo and Chimukala Sansar. The last film was directed by a young man-Vasant Joglekar. They fell in love and soon got married in 1943. Sumati became Sumati Gupte Joglekar. In due course, the couple had 3 daughters- Meera, Chanda and Madhushri.

Sumati acted in many Marathi films, but at the same time she also acted in Hindi films. She acted in Sant Dnyaneshwar-40, Sharbati Aankhen-45, Hamara Sansar-45, Santan-46, Veer Ghatotkach-49, Nand Kishore-51, Shiv leela-52, Samaj-54, mausi-58, Kareegar-58, Keechak Vadh-59, Waqt-65, Pariwar-68, Adhikar-71, jalte Badan-73, Paise ki Gudiya-74, Sajjo Rani-76 and Aadmi Sadak ka-77.

Sumati also sang 4 songs-2 each- in film Sant Dnyaneshwar-40 and Panghat-43. Vasant Joglekar’s family had very close relationship with actor Ashok kumar. Joglekar produced 10 films and directed 20 films. In most of them, Ashok kumar had acted. When film Kareegar-58 was to be made, Ashok kumar had already 30 films on hand, but he agreed to work in his film. Ashok kumar always took only 50% fees in his films. His only condition used to be that Sumati Gupte should bring lunch box of her cooked food on the sets. He was very fond of her cooking. No wonder, Sumati was a CKP by birth-a fish eater and Bangali babu liked Fish dishes very much !

Besides films, Sumati loved to work in Marathi stage dramas. She worked in many famous and popular dramas. The drama advertisements used to highlight her name, to attract the audience. Sumati got many awards like Rasrang magazine’s Phalke award, V. Shantaram award and Chitrabhushan, Life time achievement award from Maharashtra Govt.

Her husband Vasant Joglekar died in 1993.They had tried to promote their elder daughter Meera in Hindi films. She acted opposite Joy Mukherjee in film “Ek Kali Muskayi”-68. Neither she nor the film succeeded. She left films and got married to Ajit Gulabchand, a famous businessman of Mumbai. However, after few years, they divorced and she married Achyut Vaze, a stage Producer.

Sumati Gupte Joglekar died on 31-10-2009. After her death, their was a court dispute about her estate. Meera’s sister Chanda filed a case in court against her, but Meera won the case and the estate, in crores, was evenly divided between 3 sisters.

There was another Marathi actress in this film – Ranjana. The Heroine of this film was Ranjana. Now, hardly anyone knows about this actress who had worked as a Heroine with Dilip Kumar also in his early career. One can not get any information about her in any book or on the internet. Here is some information about her.

Ranjana’s real name was Ratan Shantaram Deshpande. She was born in Nagpur on 20-10-1927. While studying in St. Ursula High School, she learnt dancing and music from well known ustads. After passing her 6th standard examination, she came to Bombay to her elder sister, Kusum Deshpande, who was already working as actress with Minerva Movietone films. Kusum married Vasant Thengadi, a handsome actor in Hindi films of those times.

Kusum arranged for specialised dancing for Ratan in the holidays. later Ratan was taken to Vijay Bhatt of Prakash pictures for an interview. She was immediately selected and got a role in the famous film Ramrajya-1943. In this film she was Chitralekha, Sita’s sakhi. Vijay Bhatt also changed her name to Ranjana. She was on pay roles of prakash for Rs. 2000 pm. She acted in films like police-44, Vikramaditya-45 and Hamara Sansar-45. Next films were Nai Maa-46 and Zamin Asman-46.

Ranjana was called by Bombay Talkies to do Heroine’s role opposite Dilip kumar in film Milan-46. This film was based on Bangla film Nauka Doobi written by Tagore. She did the role of Hem Nalini in this film’s Hindi version. The same role was done by Meera Sircar in the Bangla film Nauka Doobi.

After this film, Ranjana was in great demand, but she wanted to quit films and get married to live a simple life. She married a young and handsome writer Arvind Shukla. But after few months he fell sick and there was no income. So, she had to continue working in films till 1975. She also worked in many Marathi films. In all, she worked in about 35 films or so. Ranjana worked with many big stars of her times like, Prem Adeeb, Prithviraj Kapoor, Jairaj, Dilip kumar, Jeevan, Umakant etc etc

It is interesting to note that her sister and her brother in law acted with her in few films. Some such films were Zamin Asman-46 and Shadi se pehle-47. In film Saajan ka Ghar-48 all three had worked together.

We have many families like this in Hindi films. I remember Zubeida and her mother and sisters, Sitara Devi and her 2 sisters, Nargis,her mother and brothers, Kapoor family, Dilip kumar, his brother and sister in law, many film couples and families of several film people are examples. Ranjana was perhaps one early example.

Thank God this Ranjana was not around when yet another Ranjana came to Hindi films. She was Ranjana Deshmukh, niece of actress Sandhya(nee Vijaya Deshmukh). This Ranjana, however , worked mainly in Marathi films and did only 6 Hindi films starting with the Rajkamal Pictures’film “Ladki Sahyadri ki”-66. She was just 11 year old then.Her other films were Chaani-77, Jai Mahakali-79, Navratri-83, Jhanjhar-86 and lastly Upraant-87. Unfortunately, she first met with a car accident and then died of Heart attack at the age of just 44 years or so, on 3-3-2000.

The film’s Music Director Gobind Ram was a good composer, but he never got enough fame in the industry. There is a very good, but very long article on him in apnaarchieve.com, written by Vidur Suri. Here is an adapted short version for our readers.

In the pre-partition period of Hindi films, there were many schools of music directors, many times on a regional basis, but some were just unique. The Punjabi school of film composing was a very important and innovative school among these. This school gained popularity in the 1940s, which also resulted in the immense popularity of Punjabi folk music. Ghulam Haider was considered to be the most important of these, but equally great were Pandit Amarnath , Shyam Sundar , Husnlal – Bhagatram , G. A. Chishti , and Pandit Gobindram .

Pandit Gobindram Ji was a trained musician from Lahore, and was equally popular in both Hindi and Punjabi films. Unlike other music directors of the Punjabi school, music composed by him did not typically reflect native Punjabi trends, but instead lay firmly in the category of mainstream 1940s’ music. One could very well say that he played a crucial part in shaping the music of the 1940s. His music is truly melodious and varied, with a unique combination of highly expressive tunes, yet very fun and foot tapping and rhythmically catchy. He is one of the music directors who used a very large number of singers, only second to Gyan Dutt, one of his worthy contemporaries. He excelled equally in composing happy, sad, romantic, serious, comical, classical, just any kind of songs. It is a pity that he has never received the attention that he deserved.

Among his landmarks are the introduction of and enormous contribution to making Shamshad Begum and Zohrabai the top singers in Hindi films. He recorded the maximum number of Hindi film songs with Shamshad Begum – 86 songs in 19 films. He was also one of the foremost music directors to encourage and bring forward great veteran Rafi , and also introduced great singer Zeenat Begum to films. He has about 30 films to his credit and each one had equally superb music. Most popular singers of that period have graced his songs. His use of light music, Ghazals, Thumris and various popular music forms in films, provide a ready insight into the uniqueness of 1940s music, and with a slightly unique flavour of both his compositions as well as a tiny tinge of Punjabi style.

Pandit Gobindram Ji started his career with Jeevan Jyoti (1937), but his first Hindi film in the 1940s was Himmat (1941). Today, it is remembered for being the second ever Hindi film of veteran singer Shamshad Begum Ji, where she beautifully sang the traditional Dadra ‘Inhin Logon Ne Le Leena Dupatta Mora’ , in her young, sweet but powerful voice. The famous song with the same lyrics in Pakeezah (1972) is largely a copy of this song. This was the first song composed by Gobindram that helped him gain recognition. Other songs from this film included a beautiful duet by Ghulam Haider and Umraozia Begum , ‘Main Hoon Rani Ek Sunehri Nagri Ki’.

His last film was Naqaab-55. Gobindram worked with more than 30 lyricists during his career. With 56 songs in 8 films, his collaboration was the highest with Ishwar Chandra Kapoor. Some of the other prominent lyricists he worked with include Bharat Vyas , Ram Murti Chaturvedi , Ramesh Gupta , and Qamar Jalalabadi . (adapted from an article by Vidur Sury, with thanks).

Today’s song is sung by Shamshad Begum. It is 4th song from this film to be posted on this Blog.


Song-Ham kis’se karen shiqwa rona hai muqaddar mein (Hamaara Sansaar)(1945) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Ramesh Gupta, MD-Pt Govindram

Lyrics

hum kis’se karen shiqwa
rona hai muqaddar mein
hum kis’se karen shiqwa
rona hai muqaddar mein
kashti bahi jaati hai
toofaanon ke manjar mein
kashti bahi jaati hai
toofaanon ke manjar mein
hum kis’se karen shikwa
rona hai muqaddar mein

har taraf mere chhaayi hai
gham ki ghata kali
har taraf mere chhaayi hai
gham ki ghat kali
armaanon bhari duniya
kismat ne mita daali
armaanon bhari duniya
kismat ne mita daali
dil toot gaya mera
bas ek hi thokar mein

gulzaar e chaman n n n n n
ab to
ujda nazar aata hai
hai ae ae ae
gulzaar e chaman n n n
ab to
ujda nazar aata hai
ummeedon ke nakshe par
parda nazar aata hai
ummeedon ke nakshe par
parda nazar aata hai
mallaah bhi kehta hai
toofaan hai samandar mein
mallaah bhi kehta hai
toofaan hai samandar mein
kashti bahi jaati hai
toofaanon ke manjar mein
hum kis’se karen shiqwa
rona hai muqaddar mein


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4309 Post No. : 15584

————————————-
Regional language songs in Hindi movies- 1
————————————–

I had heard of ‘Rabindra Sangeet’ many years back in the context of our national anthem. Without knowing much about Rabindra Sangeet, in my younger days, I used to think that like Hindustani classical music, Carnatic classical music, folk music, Western classical music etc, Rabindra Sangeet was a different genre of music. (Now that I know it, I was not off the mark then). When I got associated with our Blog about 10 years back, I started looking at the Hindi film songs in a wider perspective encompassing, among other things, the genres of and the artists behind the Hindi film music. It was during the course of writing articles for the Blog covering songs of the golden period of Hindi film music, singers, lyricists and music directors that I came to know much about Rabindra Sangeet and its influence in Hindi film songs.

Rabindra Sangeet (Tagore songs) refers to over 2000 Bangla songs which were penned and set to music by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. During the course of my search on Rabindra Sangeet, I had come across a very informative website, http://www.geetabitan.com, dedicated to Rabindra Sangeet. The website is the repository of around 2200 songs written and composed by Gurudev during his life time. The website gives the main features of each of song with lyrics in Bangla and English with English translations wherever available. The songs are also classified in 6 main themes – Devotion, Patriotic, Love, Nature, Ceremonial and Amazement. In addition, other features of the songs such as raag, taal, and background history etc are also given. I also found that Rabindra Sangeet is complete with swarlipi (notations) which indicates that the system of notations in Indian music may have started with Rabindra Sangeet.

With the help of the lyrics in English, I have listened to many songs on the video sharing platform with the support of English translations. I am aware of the limitation of translation in English of the original Bangla songs or for that matter of any language. But for a non-Bengali like me, translation serves the purpose of understanding something about the song rather than not knowing at all. In a nutshell, Rabindra Sangeet is the amalgam of Hindustani classical music, Bangla folk music, and Western classical music. What attracts a non-Bengali like me to listen to Rabindra Sangeet is the unique sounding melody embedded in the song even though the full understanding of the meaning of the song would have enhanced the listening pleasure. Nevertheless, I feel like listening to Tagore songs again and again. They are soothing to my ears and they sounds like prayers.

It is well known fact that some of Mirza Ghalib’s ghazals can be interpreted differently by different persons. Based on the English translation of Tagore songs, I feel that some of these songs may have multiple interpretations. Probably, the interpretation of Tagore songs could be one of the debating issues for ‘bhadralok’ in the poetic soirees or even in the Coffee House. Hence, like Mirza Ghalib’s ghazals, Rabindra Sangeet would always remain one of the topics for discussion among the musicians. It is because of such interests and the spirituality in Tagore songs that Rabindra Sangeet retains its popularilty even after nearly hundred years when the songs were written and composed.

It is believed that Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore started writing and composing songs since 1875. But his songs were rendered mostly in the confines of Shantiniketan by his students of music and his plays. The credit for making Rabindra Sangeet popular among the masses goes to Pankaj Mullick. ‘Mukti’ (1937) was the film in which Tagore songs featured for the first time.

During the making of the film ‘Mukti” (1937), Pankaj Mullick, the music director for the film, had gone to meet Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore to seek his permission to use the song ‘diner sheshey ghumer deshey’ in the film. Pankaj Mullick was not sure whether he could get the nod from Gurdev as till then, Tagore songs were not used in the films. Moreover, Gurudev had not yet set the music for the song under consideration. Pankaj Mullick rendered the song which was set to music by him, in the presence of Gurudev who was so much impressed by his rendering of the song that he not only allowed Pankaj Mullick to use the song with his music in the film but also allowed him to set to music those Tagore songs which Gurudev had not find time to set to the tune. In the event, Pankaj Mullick got a rare distinction of being the only composer allowed by Gurudev to set tunes to his songs. [Based on http://www.pankajmullickfoundation.org/%5D. Later on, Pankaj Mullick devoted his efforts to make the Rabindra Sangeet popular by singing them on All India Radio and in the concerts.

On the basis of the number of song clips of Rabindra Sangeet available on the video sharing platforms, I feel that among the old stalwarts, Hemant Kumar, Debabrata Biswas, Dwijen Mukherjee, Kanika Banerjee, Suchitra Mitra, Sroboni Sen etc have immensely contributed to to make Rabindra Sangeet popular among the masses.

The popularity of Rabindra Sangeet influenced some of the music directors, especially of Bangla and Hindi films. Just like we say that a song is based on folk music, similarly, it has become common to say that song is influenced by Rabindra Sangeet. There are instances where Hindi films songs have been inspired from Rabindra Sangeet especially under the music direction of Pankaj Mullick, Anil Biswas, Salil Chowdhury. Hemant Kumar, S D Burman, R D Burman etc who hail from Bengal. There are many Hindi film songs inspired from Rabindra Sangeet but here, I will give only few examples:

Anil Biswas: Raahi matwaale (Rabindra Sangeet: ore grihobashi khol dwaar khol)

S D Burman: naina deewaane ek nahin maane (Rabindra Sangeet: shedin dujone dulechhune bone)

Hemant Kumar: mann mera udta jaaye (Rabindra Sangeet: man mor meghe sangi)

Salil Chowdhury: saawan ki raaton mein aisa bhi hota hai (Rabindra Sangeet: jete jete akla pothe)

Kishore Kumar: panthhi hoon us path kaa (Rabindra Sangeet: pather shesh kothay)

Rajesh Roshan: bandan khula panchhi udaa (Rabindra Sangeet: pagla hawaar baadol dine)

Some of the music directors seems to have used some parts of the tunes from Rabindra Sangeet which for a lay man it is difficult to pin point. I can only get some feel of Rabindra Sangeet in some of the songs composed by Anil Biswas like in ‘Anokha Pyaar’ (1948) and ‘Aaraam’ (1951). Some songs of R D Burman’s last film ‘1942 – A Love Story (1994) gives the shades of Rabindra Sangeet. Some of the other songs composed by S D Burman have some traces of Rabindra Sangeet. I found an interesting trivia about a small part of the tune taken from Rabindra Sangeet in jaane wo kaise log thhe jinko pyaar se pyaar mila :

In a conversation between S D Burman and Pulak Bandhyopadhyay, the Bangla film lyricist, S D Burman had revealed that the second verse of the mukhda of the song i.e., hamne to jab kaliyaan maangi kaanthon kaa haar mila’ was inspired from the second verse of our national anthem ‘Punjab Sind Gujarat Maratha Dravid Utkal Banga’. [Source: S D Burman – The Prince Musician – Anirudha Bhattacharjee and Balaji Vittal (2018).]

Rabindra Sangeet has a special place in ‘Hamraahi’ (1945) which had two Tagore songs in Bangla. One Tagore song, jan gan man adhinaayak jaya he has been covered in the Blog. The second Tagore song is ‘modhu gandhe bhara mridu snigdho chhaaya’ which are rendered by Binota Bose (Roy) and Hemant Kumar. The song was written and composed by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore.

‘Hamraahi’ (1945) was a Hindi remake of Bangla film ‘Udayare Pathe’ (1944). It was a debut Bangla feature film for Bimal Roy as a director who also directed its Hindi remake. Both the versions of the film had, more or less the same star cast which consisted of Radhamohan Bhattacharya, Binota Bose (Roy), Rekha Mallik (Mitra), Maya Basu, Tulsi Chakraborty, Dev Bala, Parul Kar, Manorama etc. Interestingly, the Tagore song under reference was not there in the Bangla version of the film.

Since the song under discussion is in Bangla, I have taken the lyrics in English as well as the English translation from http://www.geetabitan.com. I know that the feelings expressed in Bangla in Tagore songs are difficult to replicate in English translation. The words are in Sanskritised Bangla. The song seems to convey the emotion through nature.

Anil Biswas used the complete tune of this Tagore song for mere chanchal naina madhur ras ke bhare in ‘Angulimaal’ (1960).

Audio Clip:

Song-Modhu gandhe bhara mridu snigdho chaaya (Humraahi)(1945) Singers-Binota Bose, Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Rabindranath Tagore, MD-Rabindranath Tagore

Lyrics
(Sourced from http://www.geetabitan.com)

modhu gandhe bhaara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjo tale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhaara
phire rakto aloktako dhouto paaye
dhaara sikto baaye
ae ae ae ae
phire rakto aloktako dhouto paaye
dhaara sikto baaye
ae ae ae ae ae ae
megho mukto sahasyo shashanko kaala
snithi praante jwaale
megho mukto sahasyo shashanko kaala
snithi praante jwaale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjotale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara

piye uchchhalo tarol prolayo modira
un mukhoro tarongini dhaay adhira
piye uchchhalo tarol prolayo modira
un mukhoro tarongini dhaay adhira
kaar nirbhiko murti tarongo dole
kalo mandro role
kaar nirbhiko murti tarongo dole
kalo mandro role
ae taarahaara nihsimo andho kare
ae ae ae ae
kaar taroni chole
ae taarahaara nihsimo andho kare
ae ae ae ae
kaar taroni chole
modhu gandhe bhara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjotale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara…aa

————————————-
English translation (source: http://www.geetabitan.com)
———————————————-

Passionate is languor,
That roam about in the dripping wetness,
Like a dark silhouette of a veiled maid
Under the arbour of kadam trees,
Delightfully fragrant and sombre.
Treading on red-alta washed feet,
Heading the gentle breeze, moist;
Sporadic flashes on forehead,
Smiling crescent peeping through clouds.
She swirls amuck, gurgling,
Having taken elixir of catastrophe.
Emerges from the roaring streams
A face of a valour, unknown.
In this star-less darkness of the night
Who sails his raft all alone.
_____________


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4288 Post No. : 15539

Saga Of Sleepless Nights – 7
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

kal raat sapne mein aaye thhey tum
mere mehboob mere mehboob

Sound of a temple bell – that is how the renowned music director OP Nayyar once described the voice of Shamshad Begum. The clear sound of the tinkle, the chime and the ringing – the quality of sound that can maybe best described with the word ‘खनकती हुई’ – I could not locate a commensurate word in English. I am sure friends and readers who have heard her songs will easily relate with what I am getting at.

Remembering Shamshad Begum today on the 101st anniversary of her birth. She was born in 1919, this day, just one day after Baisakhi, and the horrific massacre at Jalianwaala Bagh in the nearby city of Amritsar. She was born into a traditional and conservative family of limited means. One of the eight children in the family, her father was a mechanic with limited income and a large family to feed.

Shamshad was not formally trained in singing or music. She had a natural flair for it. When she was five, her singing came to the attention of her teachers at primary school. The principal of the school was so impressed, she asked her to lead the daily morning prayers. By the time she was 10, she began singing at religious functions and at family functions and marriage events. One of her father’s brother, Ameer Khan, was interested in listening to music, especially ghazals and qawwaalis. In 1931, when she was twelve, he secretly took her to the offices of Jenophone Music Company. He personally knew the resident music director incharge – Ghulam Haider. At the initial audition, the young Shamshad sang a ghazal of Bahadur Shah Zafar – “Mera Yaar Mujhe Miley Agar”. Duly and thoroughly impressed, Ghulam Haider Sb immediately offered a contract to record some songs and ghazals for the Jenophone label. Her father was quite upset when he discovered this subterfuge, but Ameer Khan Sb convinced him to give permission. Her father finally agreed, albeit on one condition – that she would not be photographed, and that she would sing from behind the burqa. For the next 5 to 6 years, Shamshad made a very large number of recordings, all under the baton of Ghulam Haider Sb. Her recordings became very popular with the listening public.

Her next major break came in 1937, when she came on to the rolls of the recently organized institution of All India Radio. Earlier known as the Indian State Broadcasting Service, this was renamed as All India Radio in 1936. Shamshad started to make singing appearances at the Lahore and Peshawar stations. While at the AIR, her singing caught attention of sarangi maestro and musician Hussain Bakshwale Saheb. She accepted him as her guru, and he imparted to her training in classical music.

Her popularity grew well enough to catch the attention of Dalsukh Pancholi, owner of the Pancholi Art Films in Lahore. He was starting work on ‘Yamla Jatt’, the first Punjabi film. The film became the launch vehicle for many – Pran as actor, Ghulam Haider as film music director, Shamshad Begum as a playback singer, and of course, the formal organization of the Punjabi film industry in the north.

A side anecdote here that was new for me also. Pancholi Sb wanted her to act in the film also. She agreed, gave the screen test, and was selected for some role. However, when this information reached her father, he put his foot down and threaten to even stop her singing career. Young Shamshad relented, and gave up the idea of becoming an actress. Her father reinforced his edict that she would not allow herself to be photographed, a promise that she dutifully kept all her life. Her photo images are so rare, and earlier I used to wonder why.

‘Yamla Jatt’ became a musical hit, especially the songs “Cheechi Wich Pa ke Chhalla”, “Mera Haal Vekh Ke” and “Kankaan Diyaan Faslaan”. The next film by Pancholi – ‘Chaudhry Saab’ was also a big hit. Ghulam Haider and Shamshad Begum became established names in the fledgling Punjabi film industry. The next step was only logical. Pancholi Sb went on to produce Hindi films – ‘Khazaanchi’ (1941), ‘Khandaan’ (1942), ‘Zameendaar’ (1942), ‘Poonji’ (1943), ‘Dhamki’ (1945), ‘Kaise Kahoon’ (1945), ‘Shirin Farhad’ (1945) and ‘Patjhad’ (1948). In 1947-48, he shifted based from Lahore to Bombay (now Mumbai).

Ah yes, an important interlude from her life – her marriage. At the age of 13, in 1932, the young lass got friendly with Ganpat Lal, a little older boy in her neighborhood. The alliance was bound to create huge friction, being an inter-religion choice. The families from both sides were dead against this relationship. But the young lovers stuck to their stand, and they got married in 1934. They were outcast from their families for some time, but slowly the relations were established again. The couple had one daughter, she is named Usha. She got married to Lt Col Yogesh Ratra of the Indian Army. Sh Ganpat Lal passed away unexpectedly in 1955. He had been a great supporter and a driving force in managing her career. After his passing away, although she continued to be active, but she became more and more reclusive. In her later years, she stayed with her daughter and her family.

Today’s song is from the 1945 film ‘Ratnavali’. The film is produced under the banner of Amar Pictures, Bombay and is directed by Surendra Desai. The star cast of the film is listed as Surendra, Ratanmala, Usha Mantri, Maya Bannerji, KN Singh, Nand Kishore, Leela Mishra, Ansari, Jani Babu, and S Nazeer.

There are eight songs listed for this film in the Geet Kosh. The songs are written by three songwriters – Brajendra Gaud, Ishwar Chandra Kapoor, and Ram Murti Chaturvedi. Today’s song is from the pen of Ram Murty Chaturvedi. The music is by Pt Gobind Ram.

This song is another one in the series of the sleepless nights saga.

kal raat sapne mein aaye thhey tum
mere mehboob mere mehboob

The lady is telling her saheli about the dream that came to her when she was trying to sleep a night. And in the dream, her beau had visited, keeping her company and keeping her awake, as she swung in his arms.

Again, sundry outcomes of a young heart being in love. When this emotion comes to reside in the heart, then the eagerness and the longing to meet, to see and to be able to touch is so intense within, that the mind plays out these emotions in the dreamland of sleep. The waking hours are full of conscious thoughts of the beloved, and the night hours of sleep are full of his dreams. The mind is not able to make up its mind 🙂 whether it is a dream in sleep or is it a lively thought of wakeful eyes. Be in love, and you will grasp. And I am quite sure, all of us have been through such a life. And some may still be living it.

Enjoy this lovely song of a restless and sleepless heart.

And remembering Shamshad Begum as the singer with this ‘खनकती हुई आवाज़’. Thank you ji, for all the wonderful music and the songs.

Song – Sapnon Mein Koi Aaya  (Ratnavali) (1945) Singers – Shamshad Begum, Lyrics – Rammurty Chaturvedi, MD – Gobind Ram

Lyrics

sapnon mein koi ayaa
sapnon mein koi ayaa
sajaniya..aa sapnon mein koi ayaa
sapnon mein koi ayaa
sajaniya..aa sapnon mein koi ayaa

naach rahi thi madhur chaandni
gaate gaate prem raagini
naach rahi thi madhur chaandni
gaate gaate prem raagini
neend bhari akhiyan mein meri
aa ke koi samaaya
aa haa haa haa
aa ke koi samaaya
sapnon mein koi ayaa
sapnon mein koi ayaa
sajaniya..aa sapnon mein koi ayaa

jab un ki bahiyan mein jhooli
tan man ki sab sudh budh bhooli
jab un ki bahiyan mein jhooli
tan man ki sab sudh budh bhooli
ik pal ke is madhur milan ne
ik pal ke is madhur milan ne
pagli hamen banaaya
aa haa haa haa
pagli hamen banaaya
sapnon mein koi ayaa
sapnon mein koi ayaa
sajaniya..aa sapnon mein koi ayaa

naach rahi thi madhur chaandni
gaate gaate prem raagini
neend bhari akhiyan mein meri
aa ke koi samaaya
aa haa haa haa
aa ke koi samaaya
sapnon mein koi ayaa
sapnon mein koi ayaa
sajaniya..aa sapnon mein koi ayaa

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

सपनों में कोई आया
सपनों में कोई आया
सजनीया॰॰आ सपनों में कोई आया
सपनों में कोई आया
सजनीया॰॰आ सपनों में कोई आया

नाच रही थी मधुर चाँदनी
गाते गाते प्रेम रागिनी
नाच रही थी मधुर चाँदनी
गाते गाते प्रेम रागिनी
नींद भरी अखीयन में मेरी
आ के कोई समाया
आ हा हा हा
आ के कोई समाया
सपनों में कोई आया
सपनों में कोई आया
सजनीया॰॰आ सपनों में कोई आया

जब उनकी बइय्यन में झूली
तन मन की सब सुध बुध भूली
जब उनकी बइय्यन में झूली
तन मन की सब सुध बुध भूली
इक पल के इस मधुर मिलन ने
इक पल के इस मधुर मिलन ने
पगली हमें बनाया
आ हा हा हा
पगली हमें बनाया
सपनों में कोई आया
सपनों में कोई आया
सजनीया॰॰आ सपनों में कोई आया

नाच रही थी मधुर चाँदनी
गाते गाते प्रेम रागिनी
नींद भरी अखीयन में मेरी
आ के कोई समाया
आ हा हा हा
आ के कोई समाया
सपनों में कोई आया
सपनों में कोई आया
सजनीया॰॰आ सपनों में कोई आया


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 16000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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