Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Man ki sooni nagariya suhaani bani

Posted on: August 7, 2014


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

GEMS FROM THE MIGRATORS…..song no. 9
———————————————-

When we talk of Partition and Migration of artistes from one country to another, only the famous and the well known names are taken. There were hundreds of small time actors, directors, lyricists, composers, instrument players, chorus singers, technicians etc who were not known to many and also had migrated for various reasons. The other day I was reading a book, ” Who’s who: Music in Pakistan ” written by A.Shaikh and M.Shaikh. In this book I found several names of singers, composers, lyricists and above all instrument players, who shifted to Pakistan.

It is a well known fact that in olden times, the instrument players, chorus singers and orchestra players had personal attachments and preferences for particular composers and vice versa too. That is why when Ghulam Haider went back to Lahore after Partition, he was extremely happy to meet some of his orchestra players in Lahore. In one of the interviews he had said that he felt likehe was having a family reunion. He arranged a get together for all those people.

In the Hindi film industry, many Partition immigrants came back to dominate and transform the scene here. Film makers like Sippy, B R Chopra, Yash Chopra, Ramanand Sagar-all India’s most successful commercial producers were also Partition immigrants. Once heavily dominated by Muslim Film makers, writers, actors and composers, the Hindi film industry changed drastically after the Partition.

Many successful film personalities had gone to Pakistan between 1947 and 1950, including producers like Mehboob and Shaukat Hussain Rizvi-who went to Lahore with capital to buy the Hindu-owned studios. Prominent producers of Lahore like Dalsukh Pancholi and Shorey were forced to sell their studios and properties for a song and flee for their life to India after riots in Pakistan post Partition. Some Muslim artistes returned to India after a few years when they realised that Lahore film industry had largely collapsed due to exodus of prominent Hindu producers.

The crucial role played by films in Indian culture could be seen in the Refugee camps of Delhi where Hindi movies were shown for free for two hours every evening to all. ‘ Film India’ commented that there were more than 15000 refugees from Sindh and Punjab in Bombay. It also suggested that good looking and educated women can be employed in films. Due to polarisation, there was much inflammatory writing published in this magazine at that time.

However, as before and always Bombay film industry maintained its secular culture. A big rally, led by Durga Khote and Prithviraj Kapoor was taken out on 2-10-1947 in Bombay. The entire film industry had joined in it and slogans like ‘Hindu-Muslim bhai bhai’ etc were shouted in the rally. Similarly, to pacify over one lakh refugees from East Pakistan (now Bangaladesh) in Calcutta, Lata mangeshkar had led a rally in Calcutta at the same time.

The famous Music Historian James Mc Connachie said, ” As India marched into an uncertain future-in 1947-Film songs offered something Unique: they helped creating a sense of belonging to One Nation,something that the divisive extremist right wingers in India,chanting” Hindustan for Hindus” could never achieve. When Hindi film singers sang, nobody cared that Mohd.Rafi was a Muslim or Lata was a Hindu Brahmin. Its great music bridged the gap between Hindus and Muslims,mush better than any Politician (including Gandhi and Nehru) ever could achieve.” -World Music-The rough guide,Vol II,pp 106,pub.1990 by Harper.

Like many top class composers who migrated to Pakistan, there were some small time or recently started composers who also left, like Inayat Hussain (only 1 Punjabi film Kamli), Fateh Ali Khan (2 films- Aaina-44 and Director-47),Tufail Farooqi (2 films-Sona Chandi-46 and Dekhojee-47). Inayat Hussain of course became a Legend in Pakistan.

Today we will talk about TUFAIL FAROOQI.

Tufail was born in Taran Taaran, Amritsar, Punjab,in 1918. After taking musical lessons from ustad Abdul Waheed Khan for several years, he joined A I R, Lahore. He also worked with many composers. Finally,he got his first film, ‘ Sona Chaandi ‘-46. Out of 12 songs of the film, he composed 10 songs and 2 were composed by D C Dutt. In this film Tufail gave opportunity to an young but promising new comer, who was struggling to get established as a Play back singer- Mohammed Rafi. Rafi got 4 songs in this film and he was overjoyed at this break.

Later Tufail gave music to his second film-” Dekhojee”-47. Here too he composed 6 songs and the other 6 were composed by composer Sabir Hussain.

After partition,Tufail migrated to Pakistan, but had to struggle hard there too. His first film was Barkha in 1953. Tufail gave music to 37 films, mostly Punjabi films and less Urdu. His film,” Bahadur Kissan”-1970 had a song-” Mera sons des kissan da”,sung by singer Masood Rana. This tune was a blatant direct copy of the song ” Ye desh hai veer jawanon ka” from Naya Daur-57. The Pakistani song became a tremendous hit,not only with the Punjab farmers but also was played on Radio and TV often.

Tufail Farooqi’s sister was Master Ghulam Haider’s first wife ( Umrao Zia Begum was his second wife),from whom he got a son-Saleem Haider. Later Saleem joined Pakistan Army and rose upto the rank of Lt. General.He retired in 2000.

Tufail worked till early 80s. He had married the famous pak singer Pappu Pukhraj in 1953.
Tufail Farooqi died in lahore on 25-3-1988.

Film’ Sona Chandi ‘-1946 was special for one more artiste and that is…Dancer Cuckoo. This was the only movie in which Cuckoo played Heroine,but under the name of KISHORI.

Let us now enjoy this song,sung by veteran Amirbai Karnataki and the young aspirant Mohd. Rafi. Note his fresh voice…

Audio

Song-Man ki sooni nagariya suhaani bani (Sona Chaandi)(1946) Singers-Amirbai Karnataki, Rafi, Lyrics-Khawar Zamaan, MD-Tufail Faarooqui
Both

Lyrics

man ki sooni ee
man ki sooni ee
nagariya suhaani bani
man ki sooni ee
nagariya suhaani bani
koi raaja bana aa
main to raaja bana

koi raani bani
main to raani bani
man ki sooni ee
nagariya suhaani bani
man ki sooni ee

mere hriday ko kisne churaaye liya
ho ho
churaaye liya
mohe nainon mein kisne basaaye liya
haan basaaye liya
haan aan aan aan aan aan
mere jeewan ko kisne sajaaye diya

kisne sooni nagariya basaaye diya
haan basaaye diya
haan haan basaaye diya
ho ho ho ho
apni phoolon se sundar jawaani bani
ho ho ho ho
apni phoolon se sundar jawaani bani

koi raaja bana aa
main to raaja bana

koi raani bani
main to raani bani
man ki sooni ee
nagariya suhaani bani
man ki sooni ee

ye lo
koyal ne bagiya mein gaayi malhaar
ye lo
koyal ne bagiya mein gaayi malhaar

aao chhup chhup ke
aao chhup chhup ke bhanwron se seekhenge pyaar
aao chhup chhup ke bhanwron se seekhenge pyaar

o o o o
pyaar karne ko ye zindgaani bani
ho o o
pyaar karne ko ye zindgaani bani

koi raaja bana aa
main to raaja bana

koi raani bani
main to raani bani
man ki sooni ee
nagariya suhaani bani
man ki sooni ee

2 Responses to "Man ki sooni nagariya suhaani bani"

Thank you Arun Ji, for so much of information. I wonder if we would have ever known all this if it was not for this blog :).

Like

I would just endorse Pradip Ji’s views. Do you have an Akshaypatra of information on Films?
Thank you Arunji for yet another wonderful post.

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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