Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Gora gora mukhdaa ye toone kahaan paayaa hai

Posted on: August 27, 2011


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

Daan Singh, a name that may not ring many bells or evoke many memories. But the mention of memorable songs such as ‘Mere Hamnasheen Mere Humnawaan’ (Geeta Dutt, Bhool Na Jaanaa, c1965, unreleased), ‘Zikr Hota Hai Jab Qayaamat Kaa’ and ‘Who Tere Pyaar Ka Gham, Ik Bahaanaa Thhaa Sanam’ (both Mukesh, My Love, 1970), or ‘Laagaa Mohey Pehli Baar, Pandrah Pe Ek Nayaa Saal’ (Asha Bhosle, Toofaan, 1969), is sure to vibrate some strings inside and the mind is sure to respond with a ‘wow’.

This little known genius of musical prowess, and a formal student of Khemchand Prakash, passed away on 18th June, earlier this year, in Jaipur. He was 83 years old. A film career that was checkered and short, he utilized most of his time, energies and talent at the All India Radio, Jaipur, where he was the station music director for long years.

Born in 1927, he visited Bombay as a teenager in mid 40s, traveling with another friend YN Joshi (screenplay writer for Vidya (1948)). While in Bombay, Joshi ji introduced him to Khemchand Prakash. Recognizing the talent in the young man, who could reproduce any tune, any rhythm note for note, Khemchand ji took him under his guidance and formally accepted him as a shishya (student). Besides learning from his Guru, he also assisted him with music arrangements for films that Khemchand ji worked on. He returned to Jaipur in late 40s, and started working there at the AIR station as a musician and composer. It is said that when the famous poet Sumitranandan Pant ji came to know that a young and new musician will be composing music for his poems to be broadcast on AIR, he was skeptical and expressed reservations. But when he heard the compositions for his poems, he specially went to the AIR station to compliment Daan Singh, and to give him a hug and his blessings.

In 1963, Jagan Prasad Sharma, originally from Jaipur, and then a producer in Bombay, planned to produce a film on the 1962 war with China. The film was titled Bhool Na Jaanaa. Daan Singh was approached for composing the music for this film. He left his job with AIR and came to Bombay. The work started on the songs. The lyrics were written by Hari Ram Acharya, Indeevar and Gulzar. Seven songs were composed and recorded. And then the film got shelved, because of some government restrictions on using the war with China as a subject. It is fortunate that the music of the film could be released, and is available for the music lovers. All seven songs of this unreleased film went on to become favorites with music lovers.

In the interim, Daan Singh took on three more assignments, Ret Ki Ganga, Bahadur Shah Zafar, and Matlabi. The misfortune was compounding, as all these films were shelved as well, and except for one or two recordings, no music was ever officially released for these movies. He finally got his first release in 1969, when Toofaan saw the light of the projectors. This is a Grade B action drama starring Dara Singh, Anita, Helen etc. The music was appreciated in the industry circles. The next year (1970) came the Shashi Kapoor and Sharmila Tagore starrer, My Love. And finally Daan Singh had a musical hit in his name. The music of this movie was acclaimed both by critics as well as listeners. The song ‘Zikr Hota Hai. . .’ is based on Raag Bhairavi. Composer Madan Mohan complimented Daan Singh with the words, ‘Bhai Raag Bhairavi to hum bhi istemaal karte hain. Tum ne ye kaun sa sur milaa diya hai is gaane mein?’ (friend, we also use Raag Bhairavi in our compositions, but what is the wonderful variation in this song?).

And then we hear from Daan Singh no more. One would expect that after hearing the songs of Bhool Na Jaanaa and My Love, this talented musician would be swamped with offers. Despite having crafted such gems, the subsequent offers still didn’t materialize. Misfortune combined with his inability to market himself was probably the undoing of this creative genius. Misfortune that four of his six movies remained unreleased, and his simplicity wherein he would create tunes impromptu, sitting with other composers and people from the industry at gatherings and parties. As per music experts, there are at least 4 hugely successful songs from other composers, whose original tunes are the creations of Daan Singh. Money was never the objective of work in his life, and so after some mis-happenings such as described above, he finally left Bombay in early 70s and returned to Jaipur for good. “He is a simple man and thought people around him must be honest and disciplined but in Mumbai he met people who used his talent for their benefits,” these are the words of his wife, Uma Yagnik. He joined back AIR as the station music director and spent his later years in anonymity. There are a couple of more connects with the film industry, that happened in 2001 and 2010. 2001 saw the release of the film Bawander, for which the songs are composed by him. But fortunes probably did not want him connected the industry, for these songs finally got released as an album only, and were not included in the film. The background score for the film is done by Pt. Vishwamohan Bhatt, the name that appears in the credits as the composer for the film. Then again in 2010-11 he started to work for a Rajashtani film ‘Bhobhar’ (Live Ash). One song is recorded as yet, and then this quiet, unsung genius was taken away.

On this blog, we already have three of his songs posted. Music lovers may be fairly familiar with these three renditions by Mukesh. Two are from the film My Love (‘Zikr Hota Hai. . . ‘ and “Wo Tere Pyaar Ka Gham. . .’) and one from Bhool Na Jaanaa (‘Gham-e-Dil Kis’se Kahoon. . . ‘). All three are superb sounds in melancholy, which have been so soulfully rendered by Mukesh. But this song, is a completely different story. I have never heard it on the radio, but I am glad someone has posted it online. A while back, while on a visit to my collector friend, we got talking about obscure music directors, and he played this song just to introduce to me the work of Daan Singh, other than My Love, which I was familiar with. When this melody started to play, believe me, I just could not sit still, and had to stand up. There is something in the mix of music and rhythm here that simply creates a flutter inside. A romantic song, sung in the praise of the beauty of the beloved; the words are written by Indeevar and the voice of Mukesh – I am sure other readers who may or may not have heard this melody before, with agree that it is an utterly lovable song.

And so, before I continue saying more, I would rather that you switch on this song and listen to it for yourself. I am certain you will enjoy. 🙂


Song-Gora gora mukhdaa ye toone kahaan paayaa hai (Bhool Na Jaana )(1970) Singer-Mukesh, Lyrics-Indeewar, MD-Daan Singh

Lyrics

gora gora mukhdaa ye toone kahaan paayaa hai
tu hai gori chor toone chaand ko churaayaa hai
chaand ko churaayaa hai
gora gora mukhdaa ye toone kahaan paayaa hai
tu hai gori chor toone chaand ko churaayaa hai
chaand ko churaayaa hai

amaavas ki raat hai ye
huyi kaise roshnee
nahin hai gagan mein chandaa
chhaayee kaise chaandni
amaavas ki raat hai ye
huyi kaise roshnee
nahin hai gagan mein chandaa
chhaayee kaise chaandni
huyi kaise roshnee
chhaayee kaise chaandni
dheere dheera parda tu ne chehre se hataayaa hai
tu hai gori chor toone chaand ko churaayaa hai
chaand ko churaayaa hai

chale aaye peene waale
maikhaanon ko chhod ke
khade tere raaste mein
paimaanon ko tod ke
chale aaye peene waale
maikhaanon ko chhod ke
khade tere raaste mein
paimaanon ko tod ke
maikhaanon ko chhod ke
paimaanon ko tod ke
badi badi aankhon se ye toone kyaa chhalkaayaa hai
tu hai gori chor toone chaand ko churaayaa hai
chaand ko churaayaa hai
gora gora mukhdaa ye toone kahaan paayaa hai
tu hai gori chor toone chaand ko churaayaa hai
chaand ko churaayaa hai

1 Response to "Gora gora mukhdaa ye toone kahaan paayaa hai"

Sudhir ji,
You have written a really good article about Daan Singh,who would have beaten many established composers had he got luck on his side.But then such is the work of fate !
Once I read in one article that Daan singh was branded as ” an unlucky composer” in the industry and it was said that if he is given a film,the film will never see the release day ! You know that the Indusrty is very very
touchy about ‘Panautis’ and when so much is at stake,nobody wants to take a risk. God knows how many real gems were lost this way !
-AD

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