Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Pyaar ke jahaan ki niraali sarkaar hai

Posted on: February 11, 2013


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

Hindi film industry has given rise to several controversies, some of them are settled, some are forever a question mark and some controversies come up again and again with the slightest of provocation. The worst thing in a controversy is that even if statements of clarification are given by the concerned people involved with it, it is viewed with suspicion of a personal bias.

When none of the persons concerned are alive, film enthusiasts and historians dig up information from books, newspaper cuttings, interviews, Biographies, auto-biographies etc. Still nothing can satisfy 100% of the fans from both the warring sides.

Controversies like “who sang the famous song- Bharat ki ek sannari-from Ramrajya-1943″ or whether the Rajkumar of Sautela Bhai is Rajkumar Gupta or Rajkumar Pandey are still to be resolved as solutions available are not acceptable to all.

The ever raging controversy about the song ” Aye mere watan ke logon” is always discussed hotly despite the persons concerned having given their clarifications several times.

The persons connected with this are Lata, Asha, C Ramchandra and Kavi Pradeep. Several interviews of these people are available on record.

I have with me versions by Raju Bharatan through his book on Lata Mangeshkar, C Ramchandra’s interviews to him as well as to Shirish Kanekar and Pradeep’s interview given to Subhashchandra Jadhav in “Vo bhooli Dastaan” ,And now I have got the Autobiography version from C Ramchandra too.

To start with there is a minor controversy whether this song is written by Pradeepji or a certain Prabhav Sharma. here is some information-

” Aye mere watan ke logon is not a patriotic song but marsiya. People do cry while listening to marsiya. Please everybody “STOP” giving Nehru example.

It’s the story of Battle of Rezang La, the only battle of the war in which an Indian unit attacked the Chinese on November 14, 1962. In this action, 114 out of a total of 123 Indian soldiers were killed. The casualties on the Chinese side have been estimated to be more than 1000.

Aye mere … written by Prabhav Sharma and composed by S Prabhav commemorates the last stand of C Company, 13 Prabhav Regiment at the First Battle of Rezang La.
Kavi Pradeep liked and used it…on Republic Day 1963.”

I believe there was some sort of court case also and the matter was resolved in Pradeep’s favour in 2005.

So atleast this point is clear that this song is written by Pradeep only.

Now here is what Raju Bharatan has said about this,in short,in his book-

“As far as this song is concerned, noted journalist Raju Bharatan, in his biography of Lata Mangeshkar has written in details about it, while talking to Pradeep and C Ramchandra.

In short, he says that this song was originally written as a duet for Asha and Lata. However,Pradeep ji claims that Lata came to him and asked to sing this song alone on the stage.
C Ramchnadra said he had Air tickets of both Asha and Lata with him. Asha told him,” you know that didi will not allow me to come to Delhi for singing this song.” Later, Asha asked C Ramchnadra to cancel her ticket to Delhi.

This was the time when C Ramchandra and Lata were not even on talking term after splitting, but as professionals,they did work for this song.

Unfortunately, Pradeep ji was not even invited or taken to Delhi for this function. However Pandit ji did ask as to who has written this song and expressed a wish to meet him, which he did after a few days.”

Now what Pradeep has said about all this, in short and touching only relevant points, in his interview-

“The programme in Delhi was to have songs from Naushad(Apni azadi ko hum-Leader),Shankar Jaikishan (Hothon pe sachhai-JDMGBHai), Madan Mohan (Kar chale hum fida (Haqeeqat).

C Ramchandra was also in the list but he had no such song. He came to me and I wrote the song. We were doubtful whether people will like this serious song after the earlier forceful songs. CRamchnadra’s number was the last. We had maintened a secrecy about this song and the song which we gave for the souvenier was deliberately a different worded song. Harindranath Chatopadhyaya translated the song in English and put his own there, without even mentioning my name. I was also not invited to this programme.

At the time of presenting the song Lata and C Raqmchandra were on the stage. The chorus singers were hidden behind the curtain and when in the last stanza they sang “Jai hind,Jai Hind ki sena” the people wondered from where the sound was coming. It had a tremendous impact.”

Now I will present in details, that is written by C Ramchandra in his autobiography (Majhya jeevanachi Sargam-Copyright by yeshwant Ramchandra Chitalkar)…..

” When I was selected as the fourth Music Director to present a song in the function, I had no song with me. All others were to present their own film songs. I went to Pradeep and asked him to write a song for me. He jokingly said,”phokat ka kaam ho to aate ho'(you come here when you want a song free). But when he started writing, he wrote 100 stanzas of the song !

Dilip Kumar was the convener of the committee. He was coaxing me to call Lata for my song-“Tum kahoge to vo aayegi”

I told him she has already declared that she is not attending the function. Moreover she will not sing my song anymore. I am taking Asha for this song.

Dilip was restless.

One day Pradeep phoned me saying that Lata was ready to sing my song. I told him no, Asha is singing. When Pradeep started insisting, I said, OK, both will sing it as a duet. This was on the 21st january. Pradeep informed Lata and she agreed.

The committee was constantly asking for the song and I was saying Pradeep has not yet given the song. For 15 days every night from 7 to 11 we were sitting. Out of the 100 stanzas he had written I had to select 5-6 stanzas. Finally the song was ready and my tune was ready by 18th january.

We had decided to keep the song lines secret, lest someone stole it. On 21st I called my assistant Johnny and gave him just the last three lines for rehersals. On 22nd, I called the Chorus and gave the tune- not the words.

On 23rd I called Asha and Lata. Lata came first, then came Asha. I gave them the song and I was about to begin rehersals when Lata said loudly to Asha,” Asha,why do not you tell Ram that you are not well and that you can not come to Delhi ?”

Asha called me outside the room and said ” Anna, Lata does not seem to want me to sing this song. I will not come to Delhi.”

I was very sad. I said,” but your ticket is also ready. Originally only you were to sing this song. Please come”

She said resolutely,” I will NOT come” and Asha left.

I felt extremely sad. Asha was a good girl and a good singer. Anyway, now only Lata remained. I still do not know why Asha bowed to Lata. May be, she wanted to respect her elder sister- by own sacrifice !

The starting lines of the song are happy, later the song becomes serious and sad. So,just one day before going to Delhi, I gave the happy music to Johnny for rehersals. I taped the song and gave it to Lata asking her to come one day earlier to Delhi.

On 24th january I left for Delhi.

The reasons for all this secrecy was that all the earlier songs of others were on fast track and abour valour, bravery, kil, beat, be a Martyr etc. Only out song spoke about the sacrifices Jawans made, how they suffered and their appreciation. If this idea was stolen, then no fun was left. A Patriotic song can be sad also may not be acceptable to many, that is why all the secrecy for the surprise element !

Lata came on the 26th and stayed in our Hotel, Ashoka. We had plenty of rehersals.

Next day morning two planeloads of musicians, singers and technicians arrived.

The Happy music was to start with Basu Manohari’s Flute. We went to Ramlila Maidan at 1 pm. At sharp 2.30 Pandit ji came and the programme started.

My number was fourthth among all Music Directors. This lot was drawn at Bombay only.

When my turn came and my name was announced, I and Lata came on the stage. I said 1…2…start- but the music didn ot start. Manohari had forgotten that he has to start. Ok, I again said

1…2 start and the song started with Flute.

Lata sang the first few lines. Audience was listening. It was a 10 minute song, but there was Pin Drop silence in the stadium. For first half song, Panditji was relaxed and as the song proceeded to the sad part he listened intently every word.

At the end when the chorus sang ” Jai Hind…Jai Hind ki Sena” Panditji started looking for the source of sound, but I had hidden the Chorus behind the curtain for Echo effect and surprise as if the entire country is singing together. The effect was just superb and electrifying! I have no words to describe the standing ovation we got from the audience and the clapping did not stop for an eternity ! At that moment also I remembered Pradeep and poor Asha !

This was the Happiest day of my life !!! ”

This is his part of the story.

A question- Why Lata agreed to sing for him and why he agreed to it ?

The answer- Because both knew each other’s strengths, that is why !

With this we come to the end of C Ramchandra’s Autobiography. I have tried to give you a free form translation of the important events mentioned in the book. Hope I did justice to it.

PATANGA-1949 was an iconic film for its historic music. Together with Shehnai music, C Ramchandra set new norms for HFM using western tunes and instruments. All the songs of this film were All India famous. We will hear the last song of this film, to be posted on this Blog today- sung by Lata and Shamshad Begum.

PATANGA-1949- The Chaudhari of the village gets a son after 6 daughters and this news is brought to him by Ramu(a very young looking Rajendra Kumar). In the celebrations for this event, an astrologer predicts that ” the boy will be always surrounded by Cars “.

Truely a grown up Raja(Yakub) becomes a Traffic Police ! Once he leaves his duty to listen to a song by a dancing girl on the road, selling some medicine. She is Rani(Nigar Sultana). For dereliction of duty, Raja is suspended for one year. He and Rani join the Gope Theatre for dance and song programmes. Gope(Gope) the owner is in love with its Heroine Jwala(Mohana).Now enters Shyam(Shyam) son of a rich jaagirdar and falls in Rani’s love. Shyam is actually already engaged to Poornima(Poornima) who loves him much. First Rani keeps away, but then falls for Shyam. Raja is loving her but has no guts to express his love. Once Shyam arranges Raja and Rani’s programme on his Farm house. This news reaches his father and he arrives. Disapproving Rani, he forces Shyam to get married to Poornima. But Shyam goes to Rani. Seeing this Raja gows away from them all. Poornima meets Rani and after a discussion Rani realises that her love is true for Shyam. Rani arranges the marriage of Poornima and Shyam who also realises the reality. They get married and Rani goes in search of Raja. She finds him and they too unite.

Audio

Video

Song-Pyaar ke jahaan ki niraali sarkaar hai (Patanga)(1949) Singers-Shamshad Begam, Lata, Lyrics-Rajinder Krishan, MD-C Ramchandra
Both

Lyrics

pyaar ke jahaan kee niraalee sarkaar hai
niraalee sarkaar hai
pyaar ke jahaan kee niraalee sarkaar hai
niraalee sarkaar hai

muhabbat ke thaane mein
muhabbat ke thaane mein
yeh dil thaanedaar hai
yeh dil hawaldaar hai,
yeh dil chaukidaar hai
pyaar ke jahaan kee
niraalee sarkaar hai
niraalee sarkaar hai
muhabbat ke thaane mein
muhabbat ke thaane mein
yeh dil thaanedaar hai
yeh dil hawaldaar hai,
yeh dil chaukidaar hai

anokhee kacheree hai yeh
anokha kaanoon hai
anokha kaanoon hai
anokha kaanoon hai

muhabbat kee arjee kaa naya majmoon hai
muhabbat kee arjee kaa naya majmoon hai
aankhon kaa daakkhana,
ho aankhon kaa dakakhana
najron kaa taar hai
jee najron kaa taar hai
muhabbat ke thaane mein
muhabbat ke thaane mein
yeh dil thaanedaar hai
yeh dil hawaldaar hai,
yeh dil chaukidaar hai

pyaar ke jahaan kee niraalee sarkaar hai
niraalee sarkaar hai
muhabbat ke thaane mein
muhabbat ke thaane mein
yeh dil thaanedaar hai
yeh dil hawaldaar hai,
yeh dil chaukidaar hai

pyaar ke school mein
ik hee class hai
jee ik hee class hai
jee ik hee class hai

laakhon ummeedvaar koyee koyee paas hai
laakhon ummeedvaar koyee koyee paas hai
mushkil sabak hai yeh
mushkil sabak hai yeh
par majedaar hai jee
par majedaar hai
muhabbat ke thaane mein
muhabbat ke thaane mein
yeh dil thanedaar hai
yeh dil hawaldaar hai,
yeh dil chaukidaar hai
pyaar ke jahaan kee niraalee sarkaar hai
niraalee sarkaar hai
muhabbat ke thaane mein
muhabbat ke thaane mein
yeh dil thaanedaar hai
yeh dil hawaldaar hai,
yeh dil chaukidaar hai

pyaar kiya jisne woh
pyaar hi mein kho gaya
pyaar hi mein kho gaya
pyaar hi mein kho gaya

itna samajh lo ke bekaar ho gaya
itna samajh lo ke bekaar ho gaya
uske liye toh
uske liye toh
har din itvaar hai jee
har din itavaar hai
muhabbat ke thaane mein
muhabbat ke thaane mein
yeh dil thaanedaar hai
yeh dil hawaldaar hai,
yeh dil chaukidaar hai
pyaar ke jahaan kee niraalee sarkaar hai
niraalee sarkaar hai
muhabbat ke thaane mein
muhabbat ke thaane mein
yeh dil thaanedaar hai
yeh dil hawaldaar hai,
yeh dil chaukidaar hai

11 Responses to "Pyaar ke jahaan ki niraali sarkaar hai"

Arun Kumar Ji,
I am curious about this song; I once posted it in my blog with a query. This is very close to a song from Vazhkai which came out in 1948

The song comes around 11:49. The music director of the Tamil film seems to have followed a few Hini film tunes and some of C.Ramachandra. But the film is earlier than Patanga. I wonder whether C.Ramachandra used this tune earlier.

Like

Gaddeswarup ji,
Indeed it does sound like the same tune.Since CR had started with Tamil Films as a MD in his career,looks like he banked upon its music also in later stage !
Who knows how many more tunes are from south in his films ?
-AD

Like

Gaddeswarup ji,
After I wrote the above message,I found among my notes,some refernce for this Tamil film VAZHKAI which was a Tamil film from AVM,the FIRST FILM for Vyjayantimala and a base for her debut Hindi film BAHAR-1951.
Here is a link reference from The Hindu which gives details about the making of this film.It clearly states that AVM copied Hindi film tune from CR’s film.
In any case since VAZHKAI was released only in Dec-1949,it is they who copied CR and NOT the vice versa.
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-cinemaplus/vazhkai-1949/article3510155.ece?textsize=small&test=2
-AD

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I think one tune from Khidki 1948 was copied in Vazhkai (I oly saw the Telugu version Jeevitham, Some things from those days I remember but some are blank. )

Some of the very original music directors like S. Rajeswara Rao copied sometimes, I remember the tune of one Shanta Apte song copied in Missamma.
It is not important. I just wondered whether you knew offhand. Anyway, both are very nice.

Like

Oops. I did not see the dates carefully. It seems that at least two songs of C. Ramachandra are copied in the film.

Like

Arunji, Haqeeqat was released in 1964. Although not impossible (as songs do get recorded much before a movie is released) but a bit surprising that “Kar chale hum fida…” from this movie was included for the Republic Day celebration in Jan 1963 as per Kavi Pradeep’s recollection, given that the Sino-India War on which the movie is based itself ended only on 20 Nov 1963. Any idea, please?

Like

Sorry for typo – Sino-Indian war ended on 20 Nov 1962 – barely two months before the 1963 Republic Day celebrations.

Like

Gupta ji,
you have raised this vital point.It never struck me.
I searched and searched and sear……….
but I could not get a list of songs presented on that day in that programme.
What Pradeep said in his interview was…” ……a committee was established and Mehboob khan was its Chairman.I had heard that in this programme, Naushad miyan and Mohd.Rafi will present’ apni azaadi ko’ from Leader,S-J will present…….,Madan Mohan will present’ kar chale hum’ from Haqeeqat…….”
There seem to be 3 possibilities-
1) what Pradeep ji had ‘heard’ may not be correct.
2) Like Pradeep,Kaifi Azmi might have written this song for this programme and later on it was included in Haqeeqat,and hence was known as a Haqeeqat song after that film.(remember,this interview of Pradeep ji was taken in 1992) and
3) This song was not played in that programme.
In any case ,this matter is irrelevant to the controversy,nevertheless
it IS a point indeed.
Thanks.
-AD

Like

Arunji,
Sorry for the delayed response. Thank you for this series of Lata-CR and sharing imp events from CR’s autobiography. I enjoyed each and every event/word of it. I may purchase this autobiography of CR, Majhya jeevanachi Sargam (if still available in the market) during my next trip to India. I am not that fluent in Marathi, but have learned this language for four years in school and have watched many Marathi movies on Doordarshan -Saturday Regional language movie night.
Now, just curiously waiting for your next series. 🙂

Like

Like

Wah, Sadanand Ji,
Bachpan me suna hua gaana aapne doond ke laaya. Hearing after 65+ years !!

Like

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