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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Rut rangeeli aayi chaandni chhaayi

Posted on: February 20, 2013


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

I was aware of four popular folklores of Punjab-Sind provinces which are now in Pakistan – Heer Ranjha, Mirza Sahiban, Sohni Mahiwal and Sassi Punnu. These are the tragic love stories in which the lovers die at the end. The common features of all these four folklores are (i) the female character is extremely beautiful, (ii) families of both the lovers resent their unions, (iii) female lovers are forced by their families to marry other man and (iv) at the end, female lovers die first followed by the male lovers except in case of Mirza Sahiban where the two lovers die in the reverse order.

The titles of three of these four stories start with name of the female lover while the title of ‘Mirza Sahiban’ starts with the name of the male lover. Whether there was a method in giving the titles or they happened to be known just like that is a moot point. But there seems to be a method in these titles as I observe that titles of these folklores begin with the names of lovers who died first in the story.

These four tragic love stories have been so popular in the Indian sub continent that Hindi films have been produced based on these folklores on multiple occasions. Examples : ‘Heer Ranjha’ (1928, 1931,1932,1948,1970, 1992); ‘Sohni Mahiwal’ (1928, 1933, 1939, 1946, 1958, 1984); ‘Sussi Punnu’ (1928,1932, 1946) and ‘Mirza Sahiban’ ( 1929, 1933, 1939, 1947, 1957). In addition, films in regional languages like Punjabi and Sindhi have also been produced based on these folklores both in India and Pakistan.

These four folklores throw an interesting point. While one segment of the society feels right in killing the lovers in the name of the family honour or forcing them into desperation in killing themselves, another segment of the society glorifies the sacrifices made by these lovers. I understand that there are Punjabi folk songs in honour of these legendary lovers. I have also read that tombs have been built in honour of these legendary lovers at the places where the events had supposed to have taken place. Even in the 21st century, the divide on the society on this subject is very much in evidence. On the one hand, honour killings of lovers or married couples outside the social norms have been reported in the Indian subcontinent and on the other hand protests follow after each such killing.

Mirza Sahiban (1947) was one of the films based on the folklore by the same name which I had watched on VCD a few months back. The film was produced under the banner of Madhukar Pictures and directed by K Amarnath. Trilok Kapoor and Noorjehan were the lead pair in the title role of Mirza and Sahiban respectively. Other cast included Roop Kamal, Amir Bano, Gope, Baby Anwari, Cuckoo etc. The film was one of the greatest hits of 1947. Six songs from this film have already been discussed in the blog. I have chosen the seventh song ‘rut rangeeli aayi chaandni chhaayi’ sung by Noorjehan, Zohrabai Ambalewali and Shamshad Begum, for discussion. The song was written by Qamar Jalalabadi and set to music by three bothers – Pandit Amarnath-Husnlal-Bhagatram. Being a film based on a Punjabi folklore, music directors have chosen folk based tunes for most of the songs in this film.

The background of this song is that after Mirza is expelled by Sahiban’s parents and brothers from their house, she is desperate to meet him secretly for which she takes the help of her friend Noora (Roop Kamal) to arrange the meeting with Mirza. Noora agrees and proceeds to bring Mirza to a place away from her house. Sahiban is very happy with the expectation of meeting Mirza and her happiness is reflected in this song with her other friends. Towards the end of the song, Roop Kamal joins her for chorus singing while Trilok Kapoor watches them from a distance. The song has a superb dholak accompaniment which reminds me of Punjabi Tappe folk music.

The song is preceded by a game that I had participated in during my primary school days but I do not remember the name of the game now.

Enjoy this cute and well picturised song.


Song-Rut rangeeli aayi chaandni chaayi (Mirza Sahiban)(1947) Singers-Noorjahan, Zohrabai Ambalewali, Shamshad Begum, Lyrics-Qamar Jalalabadi, MD-Husnlal Bhagatram
Chorus

Lyrics

rut rangeeli aayi
chaandni chhaayi
chaand mere aajaa
chaand mere aajaa aa
ho o o
rut rangeeli aayi
chandni chhaayi
chaand mere aajaa
chaand mere aajaa aa
ho o o

pyaasi hain do ankhiyaan aan
pyaasi hain do ankhiyaan aan
pyaas bujhaa jaa
chaand mere aajaa
chaand mere aajaa aa
ho o o
rut rangeeli aayi
chaandni chhaayi
chaand mere aajaa
chaand mere aajaa aa
ho o o
rut rangeeli aayi

dil dhadke re
jab yaad teri aa jaaye ae
jab yaad teri aa jaaye

kalejaa phadke re
kalejaa phadke re
jab koyi saheli gaaye ae
jab koyi saheli gaaye

tujhe dhoond rahi hai ankhiyaan
tujhe dhoond rahi hai ankhiyaan
jhalak dikhaa jaa
chaand mere aajaa
chaand mere aajaa aa
ho o o
rut rangeeli aayi
chaandni chhaayi
chaand mere aajaa
chaand mere aajaa aa
ho o o
rut rangeeli aayi

tu paas nahin hai to
kuchh bhi paas nahin hai
paas nahin hai
kehte hain pyaar kisi ko bhi
raas nahin hai
raas nahin hai
ye baat samajh naa aaye ae
ye baat samajh naa aaye
zaraa samjhaa jaa
chaand mere aajaa
chaand mere aajaa aa
ho o o
rut rangeeli aayi
chaandni chhaayi
chaand mere aajaa
chaand mere aajaa aa
ho o o
rut rangeeli aayi
chaandni chhaayi
chaand mere aajaa
chaand mere aajaa aa
ho o o
rut rangeeli aayi

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6 Responses to "Rut rangeeli aayi chaandni chhaayi"

We also used to ply this game when young. In Gujatat we used to call it “Dhamaal goto”

I doubt abt Music Director ‘s name its Pt.Amarnath,I dont have any book
of GEET KOSH here .So thats why I m not sure.I can recollect my mamory only.But song has old charm of tune,melodiouse sweet song.
One can remember good old days ….

The music directors are Pt Amarnath, Husnlal and Bhagatram. All three were brothers.

The music director for this film was Pandit Amarnath and his younger brothers Husnlal-Bhagatram were assisting him in this film. During the making of this film, Pandit Amarnath fell ill and the Husnlal-Bhagatram took over the responsibilities of music direction. However, it is not known as to the division between them in regard to the composition of the songs. Hence, all the three brothers have been credited with music direction.

Beautiful post Kamath Sir, and the details on folk-lore is interesting ! Folk based music has always touched me , and this one also does. the lyrics and music are both excellent ! thanks !

Lovely song and informative post by Kamathji

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