Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya

Posted on: November 1, 2013


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

From today, a new Series is starting. The title is ” The Great Souls of India”. In this series, I propose to discuss songs from films made on the lives of Prominent Saints and Bhakts of India.

The First song is from a film ” MAHATMA KABIR”-1954, a film made on the life, miracles and teachings of Saint Kabir Das ji. Kabirdas ji is one saint who is revered equally by Hindus and Muslims as well as Sikhs. He belonged, in fact, to all Indian masses. The film had excellent music composed by the doyen of film music-Anil Biswas. There were 12 melodious songs including famous Bhajans of Kabir Das ji.

India is a Multi racial, multi language and Multi religions country. It is not only one of the largest Democracies in the world, but also the largest Secular state in the world, where people from different faiths have been living together since centuries.

Many saints and religious leaders have played a significant role in keeping the mixed population of india as One Unit, when it was needed the most. A majority of Hindus, ruled by Muslim Mughals was a natural cause for social divisions, but Saints like Kabir, Surdas, Tulsidas, Ramdas, Tukaram, Ramanand, Narsi Mehta, Purandar das,namdev, Guru Nanak Dev, Eknath, Bhakta Pundarikar, Rohidas, Mrutyunjaya and many such noble souls, did an excellent job of maintaining harmony amongst peoples of different faiths.

Kabir was born near kashi (Varanasi) to a Bramhin widow, who deserted him, for fear of social boycott. He was found and brought up by a Muslim weaver couple-Niru and Naima. Vaishnava Saint Ramanand accepted him as his disciple. Unlike some other saints, Kabir did not become a Sadhu or a Fakir, but he married and led a normal life earning from his Loom works. He had 1 son and 1 daughter also.

Kabir campaigned against social discrimination and economic exploitation. He vehimentally opposed dogmas in Hinduism and islam. His language was straight from the heart, using common vernacular words, which appealed to the masses. He was against Moorti-puja and believed in Bhakti and Sufi ideas. He was an illiterate person. His poems and Dohas were heard ,noted and written by his followers. His works are included in the Guru Granth Sahib of the Sikhs also. His dohas were in Awadhi, Brij and Bhojpuri languages. Through his philosophies, he spread the message of unity during his times. For him Ram and Rahim were the same.

While the authentic period of kabir is 1440 to 1518, there are popular legends about him living for 120 years and after death, his body turning into Flowers.

More than anything else Mahatma Kabir is remembered for the courage of his convictions. He was a religious reformer who slashed down the orthodox bigotism of Hindus and Muslims alike. He denounced with a touch of satire, the whole apparatus of piety of the temple and the mosque, the idol and the holy water scriptures and the priests, labelling them as cults that vainly tried to replace Reality with Ritual. And thus it was that while courting bitterness from the accepted monopolists of Faith, he tried to eliminate the bitterness that then existed between Hindu and Muslims of that day. The life story of Kabir saheb is surrounded by numerous contradictory legends, on many of which reliance cannot be placed. It is therefore not to be expected that any one version of his life could satsify all such sections of people who claim to know anything about him.

Mahatma Kabir-54 was made by New premier Films, Bombay and it was directed by Gajanan Jahagirdar. The music was by Anil Biswas and the cast included Surendra, Sulochana, Jahagirdar, Randhir, Lalita Pawar and others.

The story of Mahatma Kabir begins with the unfolding of a lotus as divine light penetrates through its petals. The infant that lay within, stretched out its chubby arms to Nooru and Naima, a weaver couple of Benares, who brought him up as Kabir, their foster son. But Kabir grew into a strange boy, dreamy and listless, curious of matters spiritual, until one day he saw in Swami Ramananda his destine teacher. Eager to meet his Guru alone, he lay upon the steps of the Ganges, where Ramananda was accustomed to bath. The master trod upon his body unexpectedly and exclaimed “Ram Ram”. Accepting this as a token of the mantra of intiation, and with inspiring words of the Guru, Kabir stepped forth in pursuit of his mystic mission.

As a youth, he found his opposition from the orthodox groups increasing in the threatening proportions. His family was ostracised socially and economically, a calamity to which his foster father Nooru succumbed. All legends agree that Kabir a simple unlettered weaver relied in work as a means of living independently of any charity and earned his livehood from the loom. The work of his hands helped him rather than hindered the impassioned meditation of his heart from the depths of which he sang the rapturous lyrics of divine love.

Kabir Saheb was constantly harassed by the Mahajan for the repayment of his foster father’s debt which on account of his economic boycott he was not able to repay. He was involved in a theft charge and presented before the Ruler of Kashi who ordered him to be whipped. The sentence was executed but Kabir smiled at the foolishness of those trying to punish him for the offence he had not committed, while the real offender on whom the lashes were actually falling cried in pain. The repentant Kashi Naresh honoured and feted Kabir and the entire ensemble shouted Kabirji ki jai. Returning home Kabir found his ancestral home attached by his Mahajan. People offered to pay off the debt but Kabir declined their offer. He thought that Ram was taking him closer to Himself by removing slowly the barriers of wordly possessions.

With the ancestral house gone, Kabir walked away to the ruins in the outskirts of the Kashi with his foster mother Naima and wife Loi. From there, this apostle of Universal Love, travelled through the length and breadth of the land and the countries beyond, spreading his gospel far and wide while his foster-mother and wife Loi suffered the privations of life. After many years he returned to Benares, where his ailing mother held her breath only to see him for the last time. Now Kabir was an old man, but much revered and still more opposed. This opposition culminated in his being presented before Sikander Lodi on a charge that he was not only an enemy of Islam but also a traitor to the throne of Delhi. Sikander referred the matters to the Kazi of Benares, who ordered him to be thrown into the Ganges tied hand and foot. The cruel sentenced was carried out, while a vast multitude, thronging the Benares Ghats looked on with throbbing hearts and streaming eyes.

As expected Kabir survives and the Kazi and Sikander bow their heads in respect.

Finally when Kabir dies, his body turns into flowers and Hindus and Muslims share it for their respective last rites.

Let us now listen to this very melodious and famous Bhajan of kabir ji,sung beautifully by Manna Dey ji. The song is written by Mahatma Kabir himself.


Song-Jheeni jheeni re beeni chadariya (Mahatma Kabir)(1954) Singer-Manna Dey, Lyrics-Kabir, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya
jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya
jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya
jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya
kaisa taana kaisi bharni
kaisa taana kaisi bharni
kaune taar se bini chadariya
kaune taar se bini ee
pingla pingla taana bharni
pingla pingla taana bharni
saans ke taar se bini chadariya
saans ke taar se bini chadariya
saans ke taar se bini
jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya
jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya
jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya

so chaadar sur naram ni odhni
ee ee ee
so chaadar sur naram ni odhni
odhi ke maili keeni chadariya
so chaadar sur naram ni odhni
odhi ke maili keeni chadariya
odhi ke maili keeni chadariya
odhi ke maili keeni
daas Kabir
jatan te odhni
daas Kabir eer
daas Kabir
jatan te odhni
jyun ke tyun dhar deeni chadariya
jyun ke tyun dhar deeni chadariya
jyun ke tyun dhar deeni
jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya
jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya
jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya

4 Responses to "Jheeni jheeni re bini chadariya"

There is a lovely Asha song too

Like

Great beginning to a new series.Beautiful bhajan of Sant Kabir.

Like

Beautiful Bhajan …..excellent start to new series!

Like

I found the following free English translation of this number at http://myspiritualitydiscourses.blogspot.sg/2015/01/the-golden-rose.html:

The Lord Supreme has woven a very fine and delicate tapestry, free of impurities of any kind!
What refined and subtle yarn, what complex interlacing, has He used to weave it using veins and breath as His threads.
That exquisite tapestry is worn by the celestial, Saints, and humans alike.
But they all invariably have defiled it!
Humble devotee Kabir has worn it scrupulously and meticulously,
And is returning it to You, O’Lord, unblemished and pure as it was before!

Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2020) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has more than 15300 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15388

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1180
Total Number of movies covered =4242

Total visits so far

  • 12,909,604 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,817 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Current Visitors

Archives

Stumble

visitors whereabouts

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory

blogadda

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

%d bloggers like this: