Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Main jaanti hoon tum jhoothhe ho

Posted on: April 2, 2014


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Badalte Huye Saathi (Episode 10th)(Mukesh sings with Lata Mangeshkar)
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I am of the firm opinion that sad songs are best sung by 1) Mukesh 2) Talat and 3) Hemant Kumar. Though I like Mohd. Rafi very much, he is not among the first 3 names for sad songs in my list. The pathos one finds in the voice of Mukesh in unmatched !

Initially, all the composers used Mukesh mainly for such songs, but later on as the number of films and songs increased, he got a variety of songs to sing. Still he remained the best articulator of melancholy. He was considered next only to Saigal for expressing sadness in songs. The anguish of a failed lover, despondency of a purposeless life, the Heartache-all this is expressed by Mukesh like no other singer. Actually, after the exit of Mukesh, Talat, Hemant and Kishore to a certain extent, the sentiments of Gloom, sorrow and despair also disappeared from Hindi film songs !

The first major song from Mukesh from ” Pehli Nazar” was ‘Dil jalta hai to jalne de’. This was specifically sung in Saigal style and Anil Biswas had worked on Mukesh meticulously to get that effect. However, the producer of the film-Mazhar Khan was not at all happy with the song and he wanted to remove it from the film claiming that the voice of Mukesh did not suit Motilal. Both Anil Biswas and Mukesh pleaded with him to keep the song till the first day of release, judge the response of the audience and then,if needed,remove it.However the audience went mad over this song and Mukesh came out a Victor !

After this film, however,Anil Biswas helped Mukesh to develop his own distinct style, away from Saigal effect. Mukesh songs of Anokha pyaar-48, Lajawab-50 and Aaram-51 are a testimony to this effort becoming a success. Just listen to ‘ Aye jaan e jigar’ song and you will agree.

Naushad too was mesmerised with the simplicity and directness of Mukesh’s voice.’Anokhi Ada’-48, where Mukesh was pitted against Surendra ( fresh from the success of Anmol Ghadi),saw Mukesh coming out a winner with his ‘ kabhi dil dil se takrata to hoga’. Mela-48 put a stamp of approval on Mukesh from none other than Dilip Kumar. Initially,Dilip was not ready to work in Mela, but when he heard the Mukesh song ‘mera dil todnewali’, he immediately signed the contract. Gaaye ja geet milan ke sealed the success for Mela-48. After this Dilip insisted for 4 songs in Andaz from Mukesh only and Mukesh sang those songs and made them immortal.

Mukesh had sung for Raj Kapoor in Aag-48 and Raaj had decided to take him in Barsat-49. Then of course, he continued with his voice in Awara,Shri 420 etc etc.

Likewise even Roshan, who was a childhood friend of Mukesh ( they had studied in the same school, same class, same Bench), used him successfully in Bawre Nain-50, Malhar-51, Humlog-51,Shisham-52 etc. From 54 to 56 Mukesh got songs only from Roshan and Anil Biswas. They were few. His condition was so bad that he had to get his children withdrawn from school for his inability to pay their school fees !

In 1958, he sang for Dilip again,in Madhumati-58 and came out most successfully with Anari, Saranga, Bambai ka Babu etc. The rest is history known to all,thereafter.

Mukesh Chandra Mathur was born on the 22nd of July 1923, near Delhi. His father was Lala Zorawar Chand Mathur. He was an engineer by profession. His mother was Chand Rani. Mukesh was the sixth child in a family of 10.

Mukesh’s interest in the arts was seen very early. As a child he used to surreptitiously listen in on his sister when the music teacher would come to teach her. As he grew older, he became completely mesmerised by the songs of K.L. Saigal. He used to spend a lot of time imitating him.
After he finished his 10th standard, Mukesh got a job working for the Department of Public Works of Delhi. But even while working, his interest was in the arts. During his time here, he used to experiment with recordings and worked hard to improve his singing.

Once when Mukesh was singing at his sister’s wedding, a distant relative of his named Motilal, heard him and was very impressed. Motilal was a successful actor in Bombay in those days. Mukesh went to Bombay and stayed with Motilal. He stayed with him and took singing lessons under Pandit Jagannath Prasad, because in those days, being a competent singer was a requisite for being an actor. He was determined to make it in the film business.

He managed to secure a role in the film Nirdosh (1941). In this role, he acted and sang for himself. We must remember that the practice of having separate playback singers was not yet the norm, so actors normally sang their own songs in those days. The first song to make an impact with the public was Anil Biswas’ Dil Jalta Hai to Jalne De from the movie “Pehli Nazar” (1945).

Like so many of his generation, Mukesh imitated Saigal; however in Mukesh’s case, it went beyond simply imitating his style. It would be more correct to consider it mimicry. It is said that when Saigal heard the song, Dil Jalta Hai to Jalne De, he declared that he did not remember singing the song. He was then told that he did not sing it, but that it was sung by a new singer Mukesh. However by the time that Naushad released “Mela” in 1948, Mukesh’s own distinctive style was evident.

Mukesh acted in a number of films (7), especially in his early years. Some of his films were, “Aadab Arz” (1943), “Aah” (1953), “Mashuqa” (1953), “Anurag” (1956).

In the mid 1940’s his personal life was interesting. Mukesh developed an amorous relationship with an 18 year old girl named Sarala Trivedi Raichand. This was affair carried out in secrecy, for the girl’s family was very much against the match. She was the daughter of a wealthy Gujarati Brahman, while he was “unsettled”. He did not own his own home. He was engaged in the “disreputable” film business, and had an irregular and unreliable source of income. But in 1946 they eloped. Naturally there was much gossip about this, and there were predictions that this marriage would fail. However the marriage lasted until Mukesh’s death in 1976. They had five children in all- three daughters and two sons.

1950s was an interesting decade for Mukesh. The decade began with the birth of his son Nitin on June 27th, 1950. This added to their daughter Rita who was born 2 years earlier. Their second daughter Nalini was born June 25th 1953. The decade ended on a high note when in 1960 he wins his first Filmfare award; this is for his work in the film “Anari” (1959).

Mukesh became associated in the public mind with Raj Kapoor. When Mukesh died, Raj Kapoor said “I have lost my voice.” It is said that at times Mukesh was almost jealous of the public attention on Raj Kapoor. For instance when he was in Mauritius, he remarked that when he met with people there would be a couple of questions about himself, then an endless amount of questioning about Raj Kapoor.

The 1960’s was also an interesting decade for Mukesh. On November 4th 1961, his second son Mohnish was born. In 1962 he went on a concert tour of the UK. In 1966 his third daughter Namrata was born. In 1967 he went on a concert tour of Surinam.

The 1970’s was especially successfull for him. In 1970 he won his third Filmfare award for “Be-Imaan”. In 1974, he received the National Award for the song Kai Baar Yun Bhi Dekha Hai from “Rajnigandha” (1974). He went on numerous foreign tours to places like London (1972), Africa (1972), Canada (1976), USA (1976).

The last song that he recorded was Chanchal Sheetal Nirmal Komal from “Satyam Shivam Sundaram” in June 1976. Soon after recording this song he left for a musical tour of the US.

The concert tour of the USA in 1976 with Lata Mangeshkar would be his last. This was just shortly after he celebrated his 30th wedding anniversary. Although no one knew it at the time, Mukesh’s 8th performance of the tour in Philadelphia would be his last performance. After they arrived in Detroit for what would be his 9th program, he died of a sudden heart attack on 27th August, 1976. He was 53 years old. His body was flown back to India and he was cremated at the Banganga Crematorium in South Bombay on August 30, 1976.

Mukesh had sung 930 songs in 533 films. he gave music to 2 films.

Lata mangeshkar had a special bonding with her ” Mukesh Bhaiyya” ( apart fro another ” Madan Bhaiyya” ). In one of her interviews, this incident of Mukesh was described by her-

” It was Mukesh Bhaiya who introduced me to Naushad Ali. One day he came to Nanachowk and said: ‘Didi’, come with me. I want to take you to Naushad Sahib because he wants you to sing for him.’ I recorded some songs for composer Shyam Sundar’s film Lahore and I believe Naushad Sahib had heard them.

I was singing for a number of film composers by the late ’40s. When I would meet a composer with whom I hadn’t previously worked, he would invariably ask me to sing. The one thing I disliked was auditioning. I had sung at so many classical music concerts with my father and somehow felt auditioning was humiliating. So, from the outset I told Mukesh Bhaiya: ‘I won’t audition for Naushad Sahib or any other composer. If they want me, then I will record the song.’ Mukesh Bhaiya replied: ‘All right. Let’s at least go and talk to him.’

We went to Kardar Studio and met Naushad Sahib. Ghulam Mohammed Sahib was working as his assistant then and he was there too. Perhaps Mukesh Bhaiya had already warned them I disliked auditioning. When I was introduced to Naushad Sahib, he cleverly said: `Latabai, I have heard you mentioned many times. I hear you sing very well. I’d like to hear you but don’t think you’re on trial. Nothing of the sort. But why not sing a ghazal?’ So I sang ‘Umeed ke rangeen jhoole mein ek aas bandhaaye jaati hai’ from Lahore. It didn’t take me long to figure out Naushad Sahib just wanted to hear my Urdu pronunciation because he was going to ask me to sing for Andaaz. He heard me sing the ghazal and was pleased. ”

Today’s song is a duet of Mukesh and Lata from the film Mem Didi-61. This film was produced by L B Lachhman under his banner of L B Films’ . Directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, it had music by Salil Chaudhari. All the 6 songs were penned by Shailendra. This film had an unique song in which Lata’s co-singer was a Dog-‘ Beta vav vav vav,mere kaan mat khav’. The film cast was Lalita Pawar, Jayant,David, Tanuja, Kaysi Mehra, Dhumal,Rashid Khan etc. The story was by Sachin Bhowmick and dialogues were by Rajinder Singh Bedi.The screenplay was by Hrishikesh Mukherjee himself.

The film was a blatant copy of the Hollywood film ” A pocketful of Miracles”-61 by Frank Capra. That film itself was a remake of Frank Capra’s own film, “Lady for a day”-1933. This was the first film where he was nominated for Best Director and the film for best Film award from Oscars. After the 1961 film remake, Frank Capra retired. Both films were based on an original story by Damon Ranyon. This film was again remade as ‘Miracles” by Jackie Chan in 1989.

Even in Hindi, Hrishikesh Mukherjee remade the film again as “Achha Bura” in 1983 and in this version, Amjad Khan did the same role which his father Jayant had done in “Mem Didi”-1961. The Hero of ‘Mem Didi’ was Kaysi Mehra. He had also done the film Chhabili as a Hero. I tried to find out information about him, but no information about him was available anywhere. I tried all my resources but I drew a blank everywhere.

I did not lose hope and then one fine day,I struck Gold. I got information on Kaysi Mehra.

It seems thatKaysi Mehra was the Filmy adaptation of his original name K.C.Mehra. After these 2 films, he left films and joined Tata Steel company. he served there for 41 years retiring as a Deputy Managing Director. These days, he is the Resident Director of M/s Shapoor ji pallon ji, a construction Giant in Mumbai. What a twist of fate !

The story of Mem Didi-61 was-

Rosy (Lalita Pawar ) serves a rich couple Mr. and Mrs. Roy,very loyally,as a Maid. The Roy family dies in penury and hands over their little daughter Rita to Rosy,before dying. Rosy does hard work and brings up the girl. She is kept in a Boarding school in Shimla. Rita thinks that Rosy is her Nani,but does not know that she is not rich. Rosy comes to stay in a chawl in Bombay where she encounters two characters Sher khan(Jayant) and Bahadur(David),who manage the chawl by force. In the first meeting itself, Rosy teaches them a lesson and both become her friends, calling her Mem Didi.

Rita grows up and falls in love with Dilip, son of a rich businessman who is very stingy and money minded(Hari Shivdasani). The couple decides to get married, but his father is expecting a large dowry. There, Sher Khan and Bahadur come to know this. They decide to act as Rita’s uncles and Millionaires. The marriage is fixed on 15th August. Rosy does not know about this cheating. She and Dilip’s father come to know about it on the day of marriage, when Rosy disapproves and wants to tell the truth.

Dilip’s father calls the police, who come and arrest the two impersonators. they go to jail. The young couple gets married.

In this film, Hrishikesh Mukherjee was able to recreate the exact atmosphere of a Mumbai Chawl. This was because he had first hand experience of living in a chawl. When he had first come to Bombay in the early 50s, he had rented a room in a chawl in Goregaon(w) in Bombay. The story of the film is plagiarised, but the acting of Lalita Pawar, Jayant and David was original and extremely touching.

Our next Episode will be the last one in this series,where Lata will sing with…

Here is this sweet romantic duet song from Mem Didi-61. The song is sung by Mukesh and Lata and it is picturised on Tanuja and Kaysi Mehra.


Song-Main jaanti hoon tum jhoothhe ho (Mem Didi)(1961) Singers-Lata, Mukesh, Lyrics-Shailendra, MD-Salil Chaudhary

Lyrics

main jaanti hoon
tum jhooth bolte ho
phir bhi kaho
aji phir se kaho
tumko mujhse pyaar hai
tum jaanti ho
main sach bolta hoon
phir bhi suno lo phir se suno
mujhko tumse pyaar hai

main jaanti hoon

aankhon mein jhaanko mere sapno ki raani
padh ke to dekho
padh ke to dekho
mere dil ki kahaani
aankhon mein jhaanko mere sapno ki raani
padh ke to dekho
padh ke to dekho mere dil ki kahaani

main jaanti hoon
tum jhooth bolte ho
phir bhi kaho aji phir se kaho
tumko mujhse pyaar hai
tum janti ho
main sach bolta hoon
phir bhi suno lo phir se suno
mujhko tumse pyaar hai
tum jaanti ho

sapnon mein aake yahi tumne kaha thha aa
neend khuli to
neend khuli to dekha koi nahin thha
sapnon me aake yahi tumne kaha thha
neend khuli to
neend khuli to dekha koi nahin thha
tum jaanti ho
main sach bolta hoon
phir bhi suno lo phir se suno
mujhko tumse pyaar hai

main janti hoon tum jhooth bolte ho
phir bhi kaho aji phir se kaho
tumko mujhse pyaar hai
main jaanti hoon

dil mein tumhaare piya
chhalne ki ghaaten
samajh gayi main
tum kya samjhogi
ye hain pyaar ki baaten

dil mein tumhaare piya
chhalne ki ghaaten
samajh gayi main
tum kya samjhogi
ye hain pyaar ki baaten

main jaanti hoon tum jhooth bolte ho
phir bhi suno lo phir se suno
mujhko tumse pyaar hai
tum jaanti ho mai sach bolta hoon

phir bhi kaho aji phir se kaho
tumko mujhse pyaar hai
main jaanti hoon
tum jhooth bolte ho

7 Responses to "Main jaanti hoon tum jhoothhe ho"

YouTube has uploaded this movie very recently and I chanced to see it only a couple of days back.I too got curious to know about Kaysi Mehra and you have satiated my desire at the earliest.Thanks!!

Like

Arun Sir,
Mukesh scored music for only Anurag and a couple of NFS. Pls correct me if I am wrong.

Like

mahesh ji,
You are right. Mukesh gave music to only film ‘Anurag’-56.
Regret the lapse.
-AD

Like

Deshmukh ji,

Simply superb!
You had been telling a very nice story through this series. Why are you in a hurry to abruptly close it from the next episode? Kindly reconsider your decision as there are many more singers in the line waiting to be honoured by your charismatic presentation.
Bade shauq se sun raha hai zamana… Please keep it going.

Like

I agree with Prasad ji.Many more stories waiting to be dug out unscathed.Pl. reconsider your decision.

Like

Rakesh ji and prasad ji,

I am happy that you have liked the series.
Please read my answer to your comments in the next coming episode.
-AD

Like

I m very curious to know about the handsome man Kaysi Mehra. Pls help wikipedia.

Like

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