Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Dil e naadaan hua kya hai

Posted on: May 2, 2014


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

THE VIBRANT 40s(Episode No. 10)
———————————–
Shakespeare said many things. Many of his sayings became quotable quotations. One of these was-” What is there in a Name ? A Rose called by any name, will smell just as fragrant ‘.

True. Very very true. Not only in case of flowers alone, but also in case of Evergreen poetry. If the poetry is original and classic, let anyone sing it,it will enthrall the listener anytime.

Ghalib’s Ghazals are examples of original and classic poetry. Over a period of years, many of his Ghazals became famous and were used in several films and were sung privately by many well known singers.

Ghalib’s one particular Ghazal “Dil E Nadaan,tujhe hua kya hain ” is perhaps one of the most popular Ghazals used in films, concerts, mehfils and stage shows. As far as Hindi films are concerned, this was one Ghazal of Ghalib which entered films as soon as films started Talking. This Ghazal was sung by many singers in different Hindi films so far,as follows-

SN Movie Singer
1. Anang Sena(1931) sung by Zohra
2. Gul E Bakavali(1932) singer unknown
3. Kimiyagaar(1936) singer unknown
4. Millionaire(1936) singer unknown
5. Hunterwali ki beti(1943) Sung by Khan mastana
6. Apna Desh(1949) Sung by Pushpa Hans
7. Kashmir Hamara Hain(1950) Unknown singer
8. Mirza Ghalib(1954) Sung by Suraiya and Talat Mehmood.

In addition to this, several well known singers from India, like Asha Bhonsle-1989 and Jagjit/Chitra Singh have sung it and in Pakistan it was sung by Noor jehan, Mehdi Hasan, Abida Parveen, Fariha Parvez etc.

Today we are going to enjoy the Video of this song from an old and obscure film,” Apna Desh”-1949. This is shot on and is sung by Pushpa Hans.

The name PUSHPA HANS may not ring any bells in among new generation readers, though old timer Punjabi readers will recall this name with Nostalgia.

Pushpa Kapoor was born on 30-11-1917 at FAZILKA in Punjab. Her parents were Advocate Ratanlal Kapoor and Janaki Devi Kapoor. Her school education was done in Fazilka, but she graduated from a Lahore College. She spent 10 years in learning classical music of Patwardhan Gharana. She started singing on Lahore Radio first and soon became popular with her Punjabi songs.

She got marries to Col. Hansraj Chopda and settled in Delhi. Her songs in Music Director Vinod’s first Hit Punjabi film-Chaman were on everyone’s lips. She acted and sang in many Hindi filmslike Kaale Baadal,Sheesh mahal, Apna Desh etc. Her films and songs in Hindi were less but she got famous in Punjabi music. She appeared in several stage shows in UK, USA and many other countries, wherever there was good population of expatriate Punjabis.People from Fazilka were very proud of her. The ” World organisation of Fazilka Lovers” invited her to Fazilka in 1998.

In 2007, she got Padmashree and Punjab Bhushan award. Later she also got Kalpana Chawla Award. Her old Punjabi songs are very popular even today and form a part of many TV shows.

Pushpa Hans died in Delhi on 10-12-2011.

In 1947,India was divided into two countries. The Partition was a sad and torturous experience for the people on Borders and created thousands of Refugees on both sides. Thousands of families were separated and almost a million died during the Riots. No wonder that this provided inspiration to the film industry to make films on this topic-the event and its aftermath. Some Hindi commercial films based on trauma of partition were made, like, Lahore-49, Apna Desh-49, Firdaus-53, Nastik-54, Chhalia-60, Amar rahe ye pyar-61 and Dharmaputra-61. Three of these films revolved around tales of women abducted in the aftermath of partition..

APNA DESH-1949 was a brilliant film made by V.Shantaram, famous for making offbeat, socially relevant films. He made this film which was distributed all over India and in Ceylon as well. Within a few days, the film came under severe criticism and there were cries of banning the film. Baburao Patel, with his acidic style dubbed this film as Anti-National. In several cities, the film shows had to be cancelled due to Mob troubles.

What was there in this film to invoke such reaction ? This was a story of a Punjabi Hindu woman-Mohini. During riots of partition, she is abducted and raped in Pakistan by Muslims. Her family escapes to India. After some time a devastated Mohini returns to India. Her family and the society refuse to accept her. She is insulted and thrown out. in vengeance of this rejection, she decides to become a smuggler. She sends clothes and arms to Pakistan in exchange of Gold and Money. She falls in love with another refugee, Satish. Finally, when the secret is revealed and Satish is arrested and accused of smuggling, Mohini comes out and surrenders. She is arrested. End of the film !

Most Indians felt that Indian women will never react in this way. They would rather commit suicide. The film was even called ” Apna Trash”. Almost every newspaper viz The Times, The Hindu,The patriot etc condemned the film as Anti national. 1949 was also the period when Pakistan had infiltrated the army and Tribesmen in Kashmir. This had already created an Anti-Pakistani feeling in the country. Under the barrage of opposition,the film was forced to be withdrawn from the Theatres, not because of any legal reasons, but because to commercial considerations.

The strangest thing about this film film is, while ALL other Prabhat and Rajkamal films are available, ONLY THIS FILM is missing from the archives. Its copy is not available even in the Film Archives at Pune. V.Shantaram never gave any explanation for this while he was alive.

I have not seen this film. The simple reason was that Shantaram’s films were rated very low on entertainment, as they were films with social causes. By the time I realised the film’s importance, the film was withdrawn and I could never see it. As such 1947 onwards and especially in 1949, so many musical films were released that Shantaram’s films were low on priority. The film details, background, contents and the aftermath of this remarkable film can be found in ” Mourning the Nation-Indian Cinema in the wake of Partition’, a book by Bhaskar Sarkar as well as in ” Violent Belongings, Partition, gender and National Culture” another book by Kavita Daiyya.

One interesting point about Apna Desh 1949 was that Shantaram had given the work of Music composition of this film to a Newcomer-Purushottam.

PURUSHOTTAM KAWALAPURKAR was from Kolhapur district. Born in a poor family and bereft of education, Puru started learning to play various instruments, Violin, Sarangi, Harmonium and Tabla. .When he was 21 years of age, he started playing in the concerts of Kumar Gandharva or Shivputra Siddhramaiah komkalimath- as an accompanist. Vasant Desai-who was a ‘de facto’ Talent Hunter for V.Shantaram ( he had already discovered Promodini and Vinodini Desai and Vatsala Kumthekar) spotted him in one Mehfil and called him to Bombay. Shantaram gave him his film ” Bhool”-48 and Maharashtra Chitravani’s film Mere Laal-48 as a Music Director.

Impressed with his style, Shantaram gave him his revolutionary film ‘Apna Desh’-49. True to his salt, Purushottam presented 2 Ghazals of Ghalib,’ Koi ummeed nahi hain” and Dil e naadan in a totally untraditional tune and style. Later Shantaram gave ‘ Dahej’ to Vasant Desai and Purushottam.

Discarded, without reason, as was his habit, by Shantaram, Purushottam did Devyani-52 and Durga Khote’s Sandesh-52. Realising that he had no scope in films anymore, Purushottam returned to Kumar Gandharva once again ,as his accompanist. Thus he disappeared from the film line and there was no trace of him afterwards. One more name was added to less known and forgotten composers’ list !

With all this Halla gulla about the film, we are really lucky to see many song videos of this film Apna Desh-49, still surviving miraculously. Today we will enjoy the first song from this film on this Blogspot. It is sung and performed by another less known and forgotten singer/heroine Pushpa Hans,composed by less known and forgotten composer-Purushottam. Luckily,the Lyrics are by a very famous poet-Mirza Ghalib.


Song-Dil e naadaan huaa kya hai (Apna Desh)(1949) Singer-Pushpa Hans, Lyrics-Mirza Ghalib, MD-Purushottam

Lyrics

Dil e naadaan
aa aa aa
dil e naadaan hua kya hai
hua kya hai
hua kya hai
aakhir is dard ki ee ee
dawa kya hai
dawa kya hai
dawa kya hai
dil e naadaan

hamko unse wafa ki hai ummeed
hamko unse wafa ki hai ummeed
jo nahin jaante wafa kya hai
wafa kya hai
wafa kya hai
dil e naadaan

haan bhala kar
tera bhala hoga
haan bhala kar
tera bhala hoga
aur darwesh ki ee
sada kya hai
sada kya hai
sada kya hai
dil e naadaan

jaan tum par nisaar karte hain
jaan tum par nisaar karte hain
hum nahin ee ee
jaante ae ae
dua kya hai
dua kya hai
dua kya hai
dil e naadaan
aa aa aa
dil e naadan
hua kya hai
hua kya hai
hua kya hai
aakhir is dard ki ee ee
dawa kya hai
dawa kya hai
dawa kya hai
dil e naadaan

4 Responses to "Dil e naadaan hua kya hai"

Shri Harish Raghuvanshi ji,has informed that as per LB-151,the date of birth of Pushpa kapoor was 30-11-1925 and she died on 8-12-2011.

According to information in the LB,she got married to Major Hansraj Chopda in December 1945 at Delhi. On his transfer to Bombay,she first acted and sang in ‘Chaman’-48,Apna desh-49,sheesh mahal-50 and Kaale Baadal-51. On his transfer from Bombay,her film career ended.
Thanks,Harish ji,for this additional information.
-AD

Like

Arunji,

Thanks for bringing into limelight, the singer/actor Pushpa Hans and composer Purushottam. Atleast I had never heard their name before. Enjoyed the song, Needless to say your article was as informative as before.
Thanks once again.

Like

i have “chaman and “apna desh both film dvd, with good print.

Like

Simonvaishnav99
I have heard first song of Pushpa Hans . Awesome voice . Eight films listed were linked with this Ghazals- what a valuable efforts for us .Pushpa-Hans was both good actor & Singer …Well done Arunji

Like

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