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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Mirza Ghalib


This article is written by Nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3997 Post No. : 15093

Mohammed Rafi : The Incomparable (II) – Song No. 12
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This particular ghazal, as some other Mirza Ghalib ghazals, has been sung by various singers.  Some of the famous renditions by KL Sehgal Sb, Suraiyya and also by Jaddanbai are already posted in the blog:

https://atulsongaday.me/2012/11/20/nuktaa-cheen-hai-gham-e-dil/      KL Sehgal (‘Yahudi Ki Ladki’, 1933)

https://atulsongaday.me/2010/04/17/nukta-cheen-hai-gham-e-dil/        Jaddanbai (Non-Film song, 1930)

https://atulsongaday.me/2011/03/13/nukta-cheen-hai-gham-e-dil-2/         Suraiyya  (‘Mirza Ghalib’, 1954)

Another rendition of the golden era is yet to find its way into the blog, so here is the Rafi Sahab rendition.  This is a very small simple ghazal with only the four sha’irs being rendered.

The starting word is ‘nuktaa cheen’, which means to be critical or criticism of something or someone.  The word ‘nuktaa’  in common urdu actually means ‘a point” or ‘a dot’.  In geometry it used to be ‘nukta alif’ to ‘nukta bey” as in point A to point B.

Nukta cheeni as being critical of someone or something, ably comes out in this sha’ir by Qateel Shifai :

wohi to sab se zyada hain nukta cheen mera
jo muskura ke hamesha gale lagaye mujhe 

Here the word is used in the sense of ‘being critical of someone”.  But Ghalib says “nuktaa cheen hai gham-e-dil”, he means to use the word in the other English meaning of the word i.e. cirtical, as in serious ill or a critical condition of health.  I have always felt like this about this sha’ir.  Did Ghalib have knowledge of the English word for ‘nukta-cheeni’ and also its another usage, i.e. critical ?  Who can say!  It is more likely that ‘nukta cheen’ is a Persian origin word meaning critical, as in health condition.

Actually this blog has quite a few anecdotes about Mirza Ghalib recorded in the write-ups and comments. Those who wish to know more can read the comments on this page : https://atulsongaday.me/2011/02/23/aah-ko-chaahiye-ik-umr-asar-honey-tak/  including anecdote regarding this sha’ir :

banaa hai shah ka musaahib phire hai itraata
w
agarna shehar mein ghalib ki aabroo kya hai

 Also a few more things that I can recite from memory high lighting the legendary poets talent for ‘fil-ba-dih” replies  i.e. quid pro que replies, what we mean when we say tit-for-tat.

Once Ghalib was taking a walk in the garden with the Emperor (Bahadur Shah Zafar) a few days after the holy month of Ramazaan.  The Emperor asks him “Roze kitne rakkhe ?”.

Ghalib who is known for not observing the religious obligations, was ready with his reply “huzur, ek nahi rakkha”.  Perfect example of telling the truth yet not saying it.

Mirza Ghalib was said to be very fond of mangoes.  Once he was sitting down with friends and eating mangoes to the heart’s content.  They all kept eating the mangoes and throwing the peel (chhilka) to one side.  One among them who didn’t like mangoes was not eating.  Some donkeys happened by and they made towards the mango peels, but did not eat them.  The person who was not eating the mangoes, took the opportunity to ridicule the others including Ghalib, saying that “ke dekho aam to gadhe bhi nahin khaate”.  To this Ghalib had the last word saying “gadhe hi aam nahin khaate”.

It has now been a few years since I had any meaningful, at length discussion with my cousins, uncles or even friends in live discussions.  Since we grew up and became responsible persons in our lives, we all seem to meet on occasions, for a few short hours or days if we are lucky.  And since most of my cousins are staying abroad, and lone friend from my school days is staying in faraway place, I miss this type of discussions.

It’s really funny how some conceptions or misconceptions are formed in mind and are difficult to dislodge. There are a few such instances related to words, where I carried misconceptions that were later corrected.  One was about the Urdu word ‘habshi’ (meaning – a person belonging to the Habsh tribe of North Africa, a dark coloured person).  I read the word as ‘Jashi”, since both words have the same formation as written in Urdu, except for placement of the dot below the alphabets. the ‘hai in ‘habshi’ is the same in the word as ‘jeem’, except for the dot below ‘jeem’. Actually the dot below the next alphabet ‘be’ may have looked like it below ‘hai’ and I read it as ‘jeem’ and read the word as ‘jashi’ to begin with, and the first impression stuck.

It was as late as 1981, when the film ‘Razia Sultan’ was released, and I became aware of my mistake.  My elder sister had a hearty laugh at that time and she told the joke to her friends too. 🙂

Next such thing happened to me with the song “Mera Mann Tera Pyaasa” from Gambler (1971). In this song there is this stanza :

 

zindagi hai meri ik daao
tu hai haar jeet meri
aise waise jaise bhi tu khel ham se
jaisi marzi teri …..

This is one of my favourite Rafi/SDB song, but I thought the lines were:

zindagi hai meri ik daao
tu hai ‘haathhi’ meri

It must have been as late as 2003-04 when I was disabused of the fact that the word was ‘haar jeet’ and not ‘haathi’, by my friends in office.  I took pain to explain how I could have thought of a ‘haathi’ in this line, mainly that since there is daao in first line, it can be a chess game and hence the haathi !  The friends managed not to double over with mirth 🙂 .

Having come to this song, I can leave it without quoting the last stanza :

pataa nahin kaun hoon main
kyaa hoon aur kahaan mujhe jaanaa
apni wo kahaani jo ajaani
ho ke ban gayi, fasaanaa
jeewan kyaa hai, tamaashaa
meraa man tera. . .

Here is this non-film ghazal rendered by Mohammed Rafi Sahab, which is composed by Khayyaam. Each and every word is rising from the throat as rose petals, falling on water – so light and slow, floating in the air first and resting on the water to swim.

This voice – a gift from the Almighty and a favour for mankind. . .

[Ed Note: This recording is from the LP released by HMV in 1967 on the occasion of the birth centenary celebrations of Mirza Ghalib. This is a very special LP – music by Khayyaam, singing voices of Begum Akhtar and Rafi Sb, narration by Kaifi Azmi and sleeve notes prepared by Ali Sardar Jafri. In current times, this LP has become a collector’s item.]

Song – Nukta-cheen Hai Gham e Dil, Us Ko Sunaaye Na Baney (NFS – Mohammed Rafi) (1967) Singer – Mohammed Rafi, Lyrics – Ghalib (Traditional), MD – Khayyaam

Lyrics 

nuktaa-cheen hai gham-e-dil
us ko sunaaye na baney ea ea
kya baney baat jahaan
baat banaaye na baney ea ea
nuktaa-cheen hai gham-e-dil

khel samjha hai kahin
chhod na de bhool na jaaye
kaash yoon bhi ho ke 
bin mere sataaye na baney ea ea
kaash yoon bhi ho ke

bojh wo sar se giraa hai ea
ke utthaaye na utthe ea ea
kaam wo aan padaa hai
ke banaaye na baney ea ea
kaam wo aan pada hai

ishq par zor nahi  
hai ye wo aatish ghaalib
ke lagaaye na lagey
aur bujhaaye na baney ea ea
ke lagaaye na lagey
aur bujhaaye na baney ea ea
nuktaa-cheen hai gham-e-dil

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Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Nahm)
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नुकता चीं है ग़म-ए-दिल
उस को सुनाये न बने ए ए
क्या बने बात जहां
बात बनाए न बने ए ए
नुक़ता चीं है ग़म-ए-दिल

खेल समझा है कहीं
छोड़ न दे भूल न जाए
काश यूँ भी हो के
बिन मेरे सताये न बने ए ए
काश यूँ भी हो के

बोझ वो सर से गिरा है ए
के उठाये न ऊठे ए ए
काम वो आन पड़ा है
के बनाए न बने ए ए
काम वो आन पड़ा है

इश्क़ पर ज़ोर नहीं
है ये वो आतिश ग़ालिब
के लगाए न लगे
और बुझाए न बने ए ए
के लगाए न लगे
और बुझाए न बने ए ए
नुकता चीं है ग़म-ए-दिल

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This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3874 Post No. : 14895

Mohammed Rafi : The Incomparable (II) – Song No. 07
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I remember during the radio days, whenever a non filmy song programme would start, we would shut down the radio.  Now it was time to play or to do some study seriously or even watch TV.  The time for all of these things was limited.  Entertainment was available only on its time with fixed hours and no more, because even if we were free the friends will be called home and play time was over.  Time spend with friends in the colony playing or just doing gup-shup was precious.

One Doordarshan showed, programs in English, Marathi and Gujarati in variety of topics, kids shows, game & sports, filmy shows, quiz shows, songs etc.  There used to be a program even for farmers called ‘Aamchi Maati Aamchi Manasa” (Our Soil and Our People).  Childrens shows such as ‘Aao Maare Saathe’ and ‘Santa Kukdi’ are there in the memory.  Shows like Sabira Merchants ‘Whats the Good Word’ and Tabassum’s ‘Phool Khile Hain Gulshan Gulshan’ and some shows by Yaqub Saeed are also in the recesses of deep memory.

Now everything is available anytime anywhere, with no fixed hours.  Unlimited everything and I am back to the same theme of technology being good, but too much dependence on it is not so good.  Its advancement are there for the human use, but what is happening all around is the other way round.  The technology of internet /wi-fi is occupying the total collective human waking time and imagination.  In fact there is nothing left to imagination, all of it is on display, so to speak.

Now back to what I was saying in the first paragraph.  So sugam sangeet and anyhting non-filmy was a no-go zone as far as I can remember.  I think it was my older sister who found those geet/songs drama shows like ‘Hawal Mahal’ etc. boring.  So Vividh Bharati and All India Radio Urdu Service, both were only used to … listen to film songs. 🙂  Now I realise that this way I missed out on the non-film songs of various singers including those of Rafi Sb.  Even Radio Ceylon was only for Binaca Geet Mala, and nothing else.  So I had zero exposure of non film songs till those private videos started on television, for popularising the private music albums.  Since my association with the blog I have learnt to appreciate the non-film songs and geets a lot better.

This post is to revive a series on Rafi Sb which I had started in 2016. The last post (no. 6) appeared in the blog on 31.07.2016, which was song No. 06 – Hum To Chale Pardes Hum Pardesi Ho Gaye.

Now his song no. 07 is a non-film ghazal which is written by Mirza Ghalib and composed by Khayyaam Sb.  And rendition is by the one and only Rafi Sb.  This is taken from the LP ‘Ghalib – Portrait of a Genius’, which was released by HMV in 1968 on the occasion of the birth centenary celebrations of this poet genius.

This is a popular ghazal and there are many renditions by other singers too.  They seem to have been circumspect in selecting the ‘asha’ar’ to include in the rendition as have Khayyaam and Rafi Sb.  This ghazal was made popular also by Gulzar Sahab, when he used a sha’ir from this ghazal for the mukhda of the song ‘Dil Dhoondta Hai Phir Wohi‘ in ‘Mausam’ (1975).

About the rendition what can one say that has not been said before.  Words are inadequate as the listeners can listen and realise.


Song – Muddat Hui Hai Yaar Ko Mehmaan Kiye Huye (NFS) (1968) Singer – Mohammed Rafi, Lyrics – Mirza Ghalib, MD – Khayyaam

Lyrics

muddat hui hai yaar ko mehmaan kiye huye..ea
josh-e-qadah se bazm charaghaan kiye huye..ea
muddat hui hai yaar ko. . .

maange hai phir kisi ko lab-e-baam par hawas 
maange hai phir kisi ko lab-e-baam par hawas 
zulf-e-siyaah rukh pe pareshaan kiye huye..ea
zulf-e-siyaah rukh pe. . .

ik nau bahaar-e-naaz ko taake hai phir nigaah
chehra farogh-e-mai se gulistaan kiye huye..ea
chehra farogh-e-mai se. . .

ji dhoondhtaa hai phir wohi fursat ke raat din
ji dhoondhtaa hai phir wohi fursat ke raat din
baitthe rahe tasavvur-e-jaanan kiye huye..ea
baitthe rahe tasavvur-e. . .

‘Ghalib’ hamen na chhed ke phir josh-e-ashk se..ea
baitthe hain ham tahaiyya-e-toofan kiye huye..ea

muddat hui hai yaar ko mehmaan kiye huye..ea..ea

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Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
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मुद्दत हुई है यार को मेहमां किए हुये॰॰ए
जोश ए क़दाह से बज़्म चरागां किए हुये॰॰ए
मुद्दत हुई है यार को॰ ॰ ॰

मांगे है फिर किसी को लब ए बाम पर हवस
मांगे है फिर किसी को लब ए बाम पर हवस
ज़ुल्फ ए सियाह रुख पे परेशान किए हुये॰॰ए
ज़ुल्फ ए सियाह रुख पे॰ ॰ ॰

इक नौबहार ए नाज़ को ताके है फिर निगाह
चेहरा फ़रोग़ ए मय से गुलिस्ताँ किए किए हुये॰॰ए
चेहरा फ़रोग़ ए मय से॰ ॰ ॰

जी ढूँढता है फिर वही फुर्सत के रात दिन
जी ढूँढता है फिर वही फुर्सत के रात दिन
बैठे रहे तसव्वुर ए जानां किए हुये॰॰ए
बैठे रहे तसव्वुर ए॰ ॰ ॰

ग़ालिब हमें ना छेड़ के फिर जोश ए अश्क से॰॰ए
बैठे हैं हम तहइय्या ए तूफाँ किए हुये॰॰ए

मुद्दत हुई है यार को मेहमां किए हुये॰॰ए॰॰ए


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

SHANKAR-JAIKISHEN IN THE 50s…Song No. 6
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The mid 50s was a period when one could see the deep impact of the Nehruvian socialism on the film that were made. Great film makers like Mehboob Khan, B R Chopra and Raj Kapoor tried to support Nehru and Gandhian philosophies through their films. Being great artists, they combine socialism with entertainment in a skillful way. Films like Naya Daur, Mother India, Jagte Raho, Phir subah hogi, Do bigha Zameen,Boot polish,Ab dilli door nahin etc and later on films like Son of India and Naya Kanoon etc clearly indicated Socialism.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

THE VIBRANT 40s(Episode No. 10)
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Shakespeare said many things. Many of his sayings became quotable quotations. One of these was-” What is there in a Name ? A Rose called by any name, will smell just as fragrant ‘.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

Most of us are aware that a ghazal is a series of couplets (she’rs), each one being independent of others. In fact each she’r is a poem by itself. So theoretically, she’rs written by different poets (shaayars) can be woven to make it a ghazal. This is easier said than done as there are other parameters to make it a traditional ghazal. Normally, there are five essential aspects of a traditional ghazal. They are
Read more on this topic…


We had discussed all the songs of “Mirza Ghalib” (1954) whose records were released according to the entries in HFGK (Hindi Film Geet Kosh). It turns out that there was another song in the movie which was there in the movie and for which records were apparently not made, or if made then this entry was not available in HFGK. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw more light on this matter.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

This is the story of a 16 year old boy born in Peshawar in a conservative Pathan family for whom the association with film industry was a strict taboo. The boy was attracted to Bombay (Mumbai) as a destination. While listening to some Hindi film songs in one of the shops in Peshawar, a few of his friends coaxed him to try his luck as an actor in Hindi film industry since he had a good face. The fascination for Bombay coupled with the remarks from his friends were sufficient motivational factors for this youngboy to leave ( rather run away from) Peshawar for Bombay some time in 1935. The young boy was Ghulam Mustafa Durrani (1919-1988), later known in the Hindi film industry as G M Durrani, the playback singer.
Read more on this topic…


“Mirza Ghalib” (1954) was based on the life of Mirza Ghalib. This movie was a Minerva Movietone production and it was directed by Sohrab Modi. the movie had Bharat Bhushan, Suraiyya, Murad, Durga Khote, Jagdish Sethi, Nigar Sultana, Mukri, Baij Sharma, Kumkum, Sadat Ali, Iftekhar, Roshan etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


“Mirza Ghalib” (1954), as the name suggests, was a movie based on the life of the legendary poet Mirza Ghalib. The movie was a musical blockbuster, and the lyrics of most of the songs were based on Mirza Ghalib’s poetry.
Read more on this topic…


I have discussed as many as eight songs from “Mirza Ghalib”(1954) in this blog. Here is the ninth one.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15200 song posts by now.

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