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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Aao bhakton katha suno tum

Posted on: May 31, 2014


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

BHAJAN MALA – GOLDEN 50S (Pushp- 6)
————————————-

I remember that we had just shifted to our new flat in 1984. It was a spacious building, with plenty of open space all around and at the rear side there was some big open space enough for a Badminton Court and a small garden along the compound wall. This open space was sometimes used by the residents for small functions and private parties. One day, one of our neighbours, Mr. Markan,invited my family for a programme of ” Mata’s Jagaran “, which he was holding before his son’s marriage. Jaagaran is a programme, running through almost the whole night, singing Mata’s ( Devi’s) bhajans, doing Pooja etc. This was our first such experience and we accepted the invitation with excitement.

All four of us went to the Jagran function enthusiastically, looking forward to listening to Bhajans. After the customary Pooja and Aarati etc was over and all had a glass of milk ,full of dry fruits and countless calories,the main programme started. I was shocked to find that all the Bhajans were sung on the tunes of popular film songs. Sure, they were bhajans, but sounded like film songs. I did not like it because I thought that Bhajans are at a higher level than film songs and that they must be sung in their tradional ways. Surprisingly all people, especially the women folk-including the older variety- were enjoying them thoroughly. I whispered my surprise to the person sitting next to me, who was more surprised with my query. he explained that it is like this only during Jagran. Disappointed , we returned from the function,midway through.

Why I am writing all this now and here is, that while selecting Bhajans for this Series, I came across a Bhajan, which is tuned on a popular film song of that period. Though it is more than 60 years old tune, almost every listener will probably recognise the tune and the original song-it was so much popular. This type of Bhajan, coming from a composer of the calibre of Avinash Vyas is quite surprising. It is difficult to tell today what was his ‘ ‘majboori’ or compulsion to do so. The bhajan is from film “Ekadashi”-1955.

What is Ekadashi ?

Ekadasi, is the eleventh lunar day (Tithi) of the shukla (bright) or krishna (dark) paksha (fortnight) of every lunar month in the Hindu calendar (Panchang). In Hinduism and Jainism it is considered a spiritually beneficial day. Scriptures recommend observing an (ideally waterless) fast from sunrise on the day of Ekadashi to sunrise on the day following Ekadashi. Hindu scriptures teach that it is especially important to avoid all beans and all grains on this day because on the day of Ekadashi these two foods are contaminated by sin, one should eat only fruits and vegetables and milk products on this day. The Ekadashi day is recognized as the best of all days to fast because it is on this day of the moon phase in which the rays of the moon actually nourish the subtle nerves and feelings of the heart.
Two Ekadashis occur in one month according to positions of the moon. The progression of the moon from full moon to new moon is divided into fifteen equal arcs. Each arc measures one lunar day, called “tithi”: The time it takes the moon to traverse that distance is the length of that lunar day. Ekadashi refers to the 11the tithi, or lunar day. The eleventh tithi therefore corresponds to a precise phase of the waxing and waning moon: In the bright half of the lunar month, the moon will appear roughly 3/4 full on Ekadashi, and in the dark half of the lunar month, the moon will be about 3/4 dark on Ekadashi.

Bhagavata Purana (sk. IX, adhy. 4) notes the observation of Ekadashi by Ambarisha, a devotee of Vishnu.

Ekadashi Vrat is supposed to be very important. In Maharashtra, the Ekadashi falling in the month of ASHADH is celebrated at Vitthal mandir in the Holy city of Pandharpur. Lakhs of devotees walk for 21 days,barefoot,to reach the temple. It is called VAARI. here is more information-

Ashadi Ekadashi , Pandharpur
The Pandharpur yatra is held on Aashadi Ekadashi (June- July). One of the most famous pilgrimages in Maharashtra, Pandharpur Ashadhi Ekadashi Wari has been taking place for more than 700 years. This is a religious padyatra,which is comprised of over 1 million pilgrims traveling for 21 days to Vithoba temple by foot. Numerous palkhis (processions) from various towns and villages join the main palkhi that starts from Sant Tukaram Temple at Dehu in Pune district. The yatra culminates at the Vithoba temple on Ashadi Ekadasi at Pandharpur. The annual Pandharpur Yatra to the famous Vithoba Temple at Pandarpur in Maharashtra is an unparalleled pilgrimage that breaks the barriers of caste, creed, rich and poor. The main rituals are performed in the early morning (0300hrs).

The film Ekadashi-55 was made by All india pictures. produced by R.L. and M.L.Arora,it was directed by V.M.Gunjal.

Director Vishnupant mathaji Gunjal or simply Dada Gunjal, was born in Kolhapur in 1904. He was not interested in education,so after passing his matriculation,he joined the film industry. initially he worked in various capacities,but concentrated on Directing the films. He established his own Gunjal Production company at Bombay and directed his first silent film Collegian in 1929. Soon ,realising that producing films was not his cake,he shifted to Directing films for Vishwesh film company,Bombay making silent films like Bharati, The Bandit, Vijeta,Bewafa Qatil, Khabardar, Bhedi Khanjar etc.

When Talkie films started ,he directed Bhakta ke bhagwan and Ambarish in 1934. Dada Gunjal directed in all 37 films. Some of his films were,Bhakta Dhruv, Panihari, Aparadhi, Ekadashi, Mata, Mamta, Tulsi, Bhakta ke Bhagwan, Noorjehan, Baaraat, Kirti, Pati patni, Alakh Niranjan, Mother india -1938 etc.

Dada Gunjal died in 1968.

The music director of Ekadashi-55 was Avinash Vyas, ably assisted by Jayanti lal. There were 8 songs in the film. The cast of the film was Trilok Kapoor, Mala Sinha ( her only Mythological film), Sulochana, Gope, Badri Prasad etc etc.

The story was-
Fasting: Complete abstention from desire-Physical or Mental, achieves Peace of Mind. Peace of Mind in its turn purifies the Soul and a Pure Soul Ascends to Heaven. Of all the Fasts-the fast of EKADASHI, of which a human has the chance twice a month, is of the greatest eminence and it is ordained that whoever rigidly adhered to Complete Abstention of Desire: of Fasts: on these days has heaven within his grasp. In the days of the King Rukmangad of Ayodhya, the King and all his subjects, Proud or Humble, adhered to this Fast and as a result, while they lived on this planet they had Peace of Mind and therefore Temporal Bliss and after death ascended to Heaven. Now that all Ayodhya people went to Heaven-and Ayodhya was a vast and populous kingdom-the population of Hell fell colossally. This caused great anxiety to the King of Hell-YAMRAJ, as his Prowess as King narrowed down with the diminished numbers. He took upon himself to create a breach in the strict observance of the fast by the King Rukmangad: as like King, like subjects, all would follow suit and prosperity would reign supreme in Hell. But all the manoeuvres of Yamraj fell flat against the religious fervour with which the King followed the observance. As a last resort, Yamraj got Mohini by supplicating to Brahma. Mohini-beauty incarnate in female from-was a power that subdued all it saw; sages or saints, high of low. The ordeal of putting up resistance to this force was too much for Rukmangad and he staggered. Diamond cuts diamond and woman does likewise. The Maharani Sandhyavalli knew this and her efforts and sacrifices to save her lord proved all in vain. The King’s heroic struggles against beauty aroused were wasted and when all seemed black for this holy pair their son, Dharmangad, rose to the sally of beauty. Child against beauty-both the highest creations of the Almighty were arrayed face to face. Finally,it was the victory of Good over Evil. Mohini accepted her defeat and withdrew. Thus the importance of Ekadashi Vrat remained intact.

let us now listen to this Bhajan in a familiar tune of a popular film song. The Lyricist was Pt. B.C.Madhur and composer was Avinash Vyas. It is sung by Mohd. Rafi.


Song-Aao bhakton katha suno tum bhaarat ke insaan ki (Ekaadashi)(1955) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Pt Madhur, MD-Avinash Vyas

Lyrics

aao bhakton katha suno
tum bhaarat ke insaan ki
jisne pathhar mein dekhi hai
soorat us bhagwaan ki
aao bhakton katha suno
tum bhaarat ke insaan ki
jisne pathhar mein dekhi hai
soorat us bhagwaan ki

harishchandra ne kutumb bitaaya
raam gaye vanvaas mein
krishnachandra ki leela dekhi
vrindavan ki raas mein
pati prem ka bal thha
Sita Saawitri ke paas mein
bhakton ke bhagwaan base hain
bhakti aur vishwaas mein
ye bhoomi hai tyaag tapaysa
shraddha aur balidaan ki
jisne pathhar mein dekhi hai
soorat us bhagwaan ki
aao bhakton katha suno
tum bhaarat ke insaan ki
jisne pathar mein dekhi hai
soorat us bhagwaan ki

meera soor kabira tulsi
naanak ki kya baat thhi
bhakti ka sooraj ugta thha
aur shraddha ki raat thhi
baapu ki aankhon se barsi
ulfat ki barsaat thhi
sabhi raam ke pyaare thhe
nahin oonchi neechi zaat thhi
amar kahaani tumhen sunaayen
apne hindustan ki
jisne pathhar mein dekhi hai
soorat us bhagwaan ki
aao bhakton katha suno
tum bhaarat ke insaan ki
jisne pathhar mein dekhi hai
soorat us bhagwaan ki

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4 Responses to "Aao bhakton katha suno tum"

pati prem ka ??
?? Saawitri ke paas mein

Missing words :

pati prem ka ‘ bal thha ‘
‘ sita ‘ Saawitri ke paas mein

Like

Arunji,
Your write-ups on Bhakti and Bhajans bring out another facet of your deep interest and knowledge.

Let me share some of my thoughts and experience.

From my childhood days I used to attend south Indian Bhajan sessions held at Ayyappa temple near our residence, on every Saturday evening. I used to enjoy the songs immensely, due to the soulful rendition by the Bhajan mandali and the beautiful tunes. Much later I found to my surprise many of the tunes were inspired versions of Tamil film songs and a few Hindi film songs. So the trend was similar in south too. Now a days they have almost discontinued with such practice, may be due lack availability of suitable tunes that could be used for devotional songs.

In Tamil films too, some devotional songs were based on tunes inspired from Hindi Films. I can give two examples. A devotional song from Naga Devathai (1956) was an inspired version of the song Dekh tere sansar ki haalat from Nastik (1954). And the other devotional number is from the film ‘Maheshwari’ (1955) was also an inspired version of a duet song from Nastik (1954), Gagan Jhanjhana Rahaa. Curiously, here too the Hindi songs were penned by Kavi Pradeep in the year 1954. May this was a trend in mid fifties both in the North and the South.

While reading about the Ekadasi vrat and the Pandharpur Yatra, I was reminded of a similar pilgrimage which is very poupular in the south. After 40 days of penance and abstinence, the pilgrimage to Sabarimala, the abode of Lord Ayyappa , was undertaken culminating at the holy shrine on Makar Sankranti day, after an arduous two-days-barefooted-walk through the jungles and hills of Kerala. I have gone through this experience for seven years. Since you were in south you must be aware of this pilgrimage.

While on the subject of Vithoba and Pandharpur Temple, I would request you to do piece on Abhang traditions and songs and its use in Hindi and Marathi films.

Thanks for yet another wonderful post.

Like

Shri venkataraman ji,

Thanks for your comments.
Yes , I know about Sabari malai pilgrimage,in which the Pilgrims wear only Black clothes.
In India,such Yatras/Vaaris/pilgrimages are spread in almost all directions.
In the North,you must be aware,mata Vaishno Devi’s Pilgrimage in the state of Jammu-Kashmir is done by about 8 to 10 million devotees every year,in which they have to walk about 12 kms.

Similarly in the East,I found during my visits to Assam,that Pilgrimage to the temple of Shri Kamakhya Devi (Kamakshi Devi),on a hillock is almost similar,where few Kms walk is needed.

These are the expressions of Devotion and Bhakti towards God.

-AD

Like

Arun ji,

True Indeed.
I have been to Vaishono Devi thrice and to Kamkshya Devi twice. But I have not visited Pandharpur. I would like to visit the place soon.

Like

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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