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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Duniya mein ameeron ko aaraam nahin milta

Posted on: November 26, 2015


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

I am back again to old films. This time it is a fun song from film Kaneez-1949.

After the partition in 1947, normalcy was returning in both Pakistani and Indian film industries by 1948-49. Most migrations-both ways- were over, though minor ones continued up to the mid 1960s. After 1965, there was no exchange of films, nor was there any movement of artistes between the two countries- barring a few exceptions in case of artistes. The new rulers of Pakistan were convinced that Indian films( being superior in every aspect ) were killing their indigenous film industry. Perhaps they forgot that majority of adult population of Pakistan had grown up on Indian films, music and the culture. And therefore smuggling of Indian films and Music became a huge business in Pakistan after the 1960s.

The year 1949 can be said to be the beginning of the musical extravaganza that the industry was to provide to the Indian audience in near future. What musical films came in this year ! Top class composers like Naushad, C Ramchandra, Anil Biswas, Khemchand prakash, etc were in their best form. Husnalal Bhagatram made their last ditch efforts with Badi Bahen-49 to remain in the best lot. New pair of composers Shankar-Jaikishen rose on the horizon with a Barsaat of sweet melodies.

The list of musical films of 1949 gives an idea of the bright future for Indian film music in the next 15 years. New singers like Mubarak Begum made a debut with film ‘Aiye’-49. Some of the musical films of 49 were…Andaz, Badi Bahen, Barsaat, Baazaar, Chakori, Chandni Raat, Darogaji ( all 12 songs by Geeta Roy), Dillagi, Dulari ( suhani raat dhal chuki), Duniya, Ek thi ladki ( lara lappa lara lappa ), Kaneez, Karwat, Laadli ( tumhare bulaane ko jee chahta hai ), Lahore ( baharen phir bhi aayengi ), Mahal ( aayega aanewala ), Namoona, Parda, Patanga ( mere piya gaye Rangoon ), Shair, Sunehre din,Zewaraat etc etc.

These films reflected the essence of composers of that time. It was a mixture of old and new, Known and less known, famous and not so famous, fading and emerging composers- all trying hard to give their best. The Indian music lovers never had it so good or anything better than this earlier. Later, ofcourse, a feast awaited them and good melodious music just rained on them for the next decade and a half.

The 1949 films were a mix of all genres. Comedy, musical, Religious, Patriotic, Socials, Historical, Fantasy, stunt and what have you. Amongst the socials, there was a Muslim Social film-Kaneez-49.

Sometimes I wonder, there was a time when this film industry was thickly populated with Muslim artistes in every field-acting, production, direction or composing music…still there were really not many films made on Muslim backgrounds. There is a sizable and rapidly growing portion of Muslim population in India, still,if you count films based on Muslim issues or Muslim backgrounds, they may not account for more than 1 to 2 % of the total film production.

It is not only the Muslim films, but films on other minorities like Christians, Parsis, Jains,Budhists, Sikhs too are not much represented in our films. It is very sad that such films are not made, though the figures and history tells us that such films were quite successful at the Box Office.

Muslim films are in Two categories. One, films made on Historical Muslim characters like Akbar, Babar, Humayun, Shahjehan, Razia Sultan, etc etc and the Second group is that of Muslim society. Just for the sake of curiosity. I scanned the 5 volumes of HFGK and wrote down names of films made on Muslim subjects- both types. To my surprise, I could not go beyond even 50 films-from 1931 to 1980 !, Granting that I must have made a mistake in counting and identifying, since I do not know the story lines of every film, still the number will not go beyond 200 films, despite ruthless stretching !

The point I want to make here is that not many Muslim social movies are made in India over the years. The earliest such film was Najma-43, I think. Incidentally, this was the first film Mehboob Khan made after he established his own Mehboob studio. One very very explosive Muslim social film, made by Director Mehboob was “Elan” in 1947. Munawar Sultana was the lead actress in it. Before starting the shooting, Mehboob called her and said,” You have heard the story, it is a very very hot story. I guess there will be a lot of opposition from our fundamentalist people. You may have to face their ire. May be you will be attacked or thrown out of the society. But remember, I am doing this film, because I want our people to improve on par with others. If you want, you can reject the film even now. Think and tell me before we start shooting.” Munawar Sultana quickly said, “There is no need to think. I want to do this film. I am not afraid of anyone. I have full faith in you.” After release,the film did evoke violent reactions from a section of the Muslim society but it subsided slowly.

Some other Muslim socials I remember are Zeenat, Dil hi to hai, Bahu begum, Dastak, Garm hava, Bazar, Anjuman, Naseem, the Triology by Khalid Mohammed-Mammo-Sardari begum and Zubeida, Fiza, Junoon, Benazir, Gazal, Chhote nawab. Then there were Barsaat ki raat, Nikah, Shatranj, Mehboob ki Mehendi, Umrao Jaan, Paakiza, Mere mehboob, Chaudhavi ka chaand, Anwar, My name is Khan, Bombay etc. Surely, there must be many more than what I have mentioned. I am not counting Historical or religious films as they are not socials.

I asked this question as to why Muslim socials were not being made more in India, to Mr. Salim Shah- son of Ramniklal Shah, partner of Mohan studios, one time a large film producing company. This is what he replied…

“You are right about the scarcity of Muslim socials. Mass market dictates the film. Since the failure rate at box office is so high, the film needs to cater to the sentiments of 85% of audience sentiments. Only brave directors like Mehboob Khan, Guru Dutt, or Raj Kapoor dared themes of uplifting the poor man as they were of a socialistic temperament. Mohan Pictures did make a series of films to cater to the Muslim audience based on a low budget formula and pre-sale of the film with its network of established distributors. My uncles Nanubhai Vakil and Naseem Siddiqui were directors on salary responsible for these films. But these films were primarily based on fairy tale characters, not socials. ”

While looking for such films, I found that there are many-only comparatively- films made on Parsi community. There was Khatta Meetha-78 ( by far the most popular film on Parsis), Pestonji-87, Percy-89, 1947-Earth-98, On wings of Fire-2001 (this was NOT a social film, it was a Mytho-Historical film), Being Cyrus-2005, Parzania-2005, Little Zizou-2008.

On Christians, I got only Baaton Baaton mein-79. It is surprising that though the Parsi community is a miniscule percentage in India, still they made so many Parsi social films !

Kaneez-49 was produced and directed by Krishna Kumar under the banner of Karwan films, Bombay. There were 12 songs in the film, 7 composed by Ghulam Haider and 5 by Hansraj behl.

Master Ghulam Haider migrated to Pakistan after Partition, but there were many films on his hands, so he hurriedly tried to complete them. In 1947, he had done 4 films, but for 48, he had 7 films-Patjhad, Barsat ki ek raat, Shama, Shaheed,Padmini and Majboor. He had also taken Kaneez, but he could hardly complete Majboor and the work of Kaneez could not be completed. Consequently, he did only 7 songs of Kaneez and left for Lahore. Balance 5 songs were done by Hansraj Behl and the film was finally released in 1949. Same way Putli-50 and Aabshaar-53 also became delayed due to incomplete work by Ghulam Haider.

It was a coincidence that while his last film Aabshaar-53 was being released in India and he was breathing his last in Pakistan. He died on 9-11-1953. Around that time, two of his proteges-Lata and Noorjehan were meeting each other, on “No Man’s Land”, about 30 kms away from Amritsar. They met first time after Noorjehan’s departure to Pakistan after Partition. Her husband was with her and C Ramchandra was with Lata. C Ramchandra has described about this meeting in his autobiography in details. Lata and Noorjehan got the news of the demise of Ghulam Haider in a few months, after they returned to respective homes.

Do you know the meaning of the word Kaneez ? Not many may be aware of it.To understand this word, we have to go back in History. There were 565 Princely states in India before Partition. Due to patronising of fine arts like music and dance by these Princes a new class of Nautch Girls emerged in the 19th century. All Nautch Girls were not the same. Author Michael Kinnear, in his book “The Gramophone company’s first Indian Recordings 1899-1908 “, has explained the classification and Nomenclatures of these Nautch Girls. As per that, there were 4 types…

Class of nautch girls Name of nauth girl Status in society
Lowest Class IV Khanki Prostitutes/Sex workers
Class III Kaneez Daasi or servant
Class II Bai ji Singing/Dancing
Class I Jaan Top class singers

They all were called collectively as Tawayafs. The readers will now understand the difference between Amirbai, Waheedanbai, Jaddanbai and Tamancha Jaan, Gauhar Jaan, Malika Jaan etc etc.

The title of this film was Kaneez because the Heroine is made a servant, in the film. The story,in short is …

This Muslim social became one of 40s star Munawar Sultans best-known films. She plays Sabira, the daughter of the millionaire Seth Akbar (Sinha) who is swindled and put into an asylum by his villanious manager hamid (Sabin). Sabira marries Hamids son Akhtar (Shyam), but is an unhappy marriage ruined by a sexy urban socialite, Darling (Kaur Sabira is forced to become a servant in her own home but eventually recovers her rightful place as the households mistress. Numerous songs by Shamshad Begum and Zeenat Begum also includes early songs by Geeta Dutt. [Source: Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema]

The write up has become too long. Once I start writing, so many points come to my mind to tell the readers,but I share only selectively. Let us now enjoy this fun song, sung by S D Batish, Rafi and chorus.

Additional note from Atul-
The song is mentioned as a song sung by S D Batish and Rafi, but the perusal of the video reveals someting interesting. It is seen that the “anokhe bol” portions of the song are sung in a trademark Kishore Kumar style in a voice different from S D Batish and Rafi and by an actor looking like Kishore Kumar. Though the name of Kishore Kumar does not appear in the starcast of the movie mentioned in HFGK, the actor called “Kishore” is mentioned in the credits of the movie. So it is quite likely that this is a case of a song where Kishore Kumar has sung for himself.

If that is the case then it is the first instance in Hindi movies where Kishore Kumar has uttered “anokhe bol”. Secondly, this becomes the only occasion where Kishore Kumar has sung for Ghulam Haider.


Song-Duniya mein Ameeron ko aaraam nahin milta (Kaneez)(1949) Singers-S D Batish, Rafi, Kishore Kumar, Lyrics-Hasrat Lucknowi, MD-Ghulam Haider
Chorus

Lyrics

hah hah
hah hah
hah hah
hah hah
hah hah
hah hah

har aish hai duniya ka aa
aa aa aa
aa aa
kismat mein gareebon ke ae ae
din kaate nahin kat’te ae ae
bechaare ameeron ke
duniya mein ameeron ko
aji duniya mein ameeron ko

aaraam nahin milta
haan
aaraam nahin milta
haan
aaraam nahin milta
aaraam nahin milta

hanste hain to rone ka
hanste hain to rone ka
haan
paighaam nahin milta
haan
paighaam nahin milta
aaraam nahin milta

savere chaai aur phir naashta
phir do baje khaana
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
bajen jab chaar to
o o o o
o o o
phir chaai biscuit
raat ko khaana aa

garak(?) rahte hain hardam
khaane hi khaane ke chakkar mein aen
museebat hi museebat hai likhi
unke muqaddar mein
bechaaron ka bin motor

aisa
hahahahaha
bechaaron ka bin motor

to paaon nahin hilta
to paaon nahin hilta
aaraam nahin milta
haan
aaram nahin milta

duniya mein ameeron ko
aaraam nahin milta
haan
aaraam nahin milta
aaraam nahin milta

bam
bam
baam cheek cheek
chaam cheek cheek
baam cheek cheek
chaam cheek cheek
bamchik bubchik
bamchik bubchik
bamchik bubchik
bamchik bubchik
chaam cheek cheek bambam
chaam cheek cheek bambam
chaam cheek cheek
baam cheek cheek
bambamchik bamchik bambam

aah

aa haa haa
aa haa haa
haa
jhuk jhuk
jhuk jhuk
jhuk jhuk jhinga chaa pista comecome
jhuk jhuk jhinga chaa pista comecome
chaam chaam cheek
baam cheek cheek
bambamchik bamchik bambam

aaa

aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
gareebon ko to dekho
raat din aaraam karte hain
aen aen aen aen aen aen aen aen aen
chane ki ek muthhi khaa ke
din bhar
kaam karte hain

aa aa aa
na khaane ki museebat hai
ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae
pahan’ne ka na kuchh jhagda
aa aa aa
fakat tan dhaankne ko chaahiye
chhota sa ik kapda
aur unka
hazaaron mein
aisa
aur unka hazaaron mein
ik suit nahin silta
ik suit nahin silta
aaraam nahin milta
haan
aaraam nahin milta

duniya mein ameeron ko
aaraam nahin milta
haan
aaraam nahin milta
aaraam nahin milta

bam
bam
baam cheek cheek
chaam cheek cheek
baam cheek cheek
chaam cheek cheek
bamchik bubchik
bamchik bubchik
bamchik bubchik
bamchik bubchik
chaam cheek cheek bambam
chaam cheek cheek bambam
chaam cheek cheek
baam cheek cheek
bambamchik bamchik bambam

aaaa

aa haa haa
aa ha haa
aa haa haa
aa ha haa
haa
chhap chhap chaksi
kulbul khaksi
chhap chhap chaksi
kulbul khaksi
chhap chhap chaksi
kulbul khaksi
chhap chhap chaksi
kulbul khaksi
kupka kupka
kupka
kahaan chhupka
kulbul khaksi

chaam cheek cheek bambam
chaam cheek cheek bambam
chaam cheek cheek
baam cheek cheek
bambamchik bamchik bambam

aaaa
haa

duniya mein ameeron ko
aji
duniya mein ameeron ko

aaraam nahin milta
aaraam nahin milta
aaraam nahin milta
aaraam nahin milta

hanste hain to rone ka
hanste hain to rone ka
haan
paigaam nahin milta
paigaam nahin milta
aaraam nahin milta

bhaago
duty waale bhaago

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4 Responses to "Duniya mein ameeron ko aaraam nahin milta"

https://atulsongaday.me/2011/03/05/duniyaa-mein-gareebon-ko-aaraam-nahin-miltaa/

Song with similar first line (there is of course difference in wording) by the great Shamshad Begum.
Incidentally, the MD is the same for both the movies.

Lovely song Arunji Thank you for the same.
and yes that
“baam cheek cheek
chaam cheek cheek”
bol can only be Kishore Kumar

Arun ji,

About month’s back, while browsing on the websites to gather information of Writer-Lyricist Shatir Ghaznavi, I came across an interesting information on the film ‘Kaneez’ on Wikipedia. The source of the information was ‘Daily Mashriq’ February 26, 2012 issue, probably published from Peshawar. Unfortunately the link is not working. I quote from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shatir_Ghaznavi#cite_ref-ReferenceA_2-17 :

“After the success of this movie (Bhai, 1944), Shatir wrote dialogues and lyrics for another movie ‘Tehzeeb’, produced by Ata Ullah Shah Hashmi under the banner of Caravan Pictures in 1945. The main cast included Munawar Sultana, Satish, Manorma, Kalavati, and music was composed by Ghulam Haider. While the movie was still under production, plan for the division of India and creation of Pakistan in 1947 was announced. Its producer, Krishan Kumar, a partner of Ata Ullah Shah Hashmi, took away the negatives of the movie to Bombay where it was completed and released under the name of “Kaneez”. The cast of the movie was also changed there. This movie was released in 1949 in Lahore after the independence of Pakistan in 1947″.

Sadanand ji,

Very interesting. During the transition period many films suffered,got changed,changed hands,left incomplete,completed after a long time,shelved etc etc.
This information is a piece of history of films.
Thanks again.
-AD

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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