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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Ye kaun aaj rah rah ke yaad aa raha hai

Posted on: March 26, 2019


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3903 Post No. : 14955 Movie Count :

4086

Today’s song is a rare song from film Salma-1943.

Like in my earlier post on film ‘ Arab ka Sitara’-46 dt 13-3-2019, in this Blog, about 3-4 years ago also I had discussed the issue of very few films made in India, on Muslim Social issues and also on other minority communities, for that matter. One of our readers from USA, Mr. Salim Shah-son of actress Indurani aka Ishrat jehan siddiqi- wrote an E mail to me on this issue. He had said that the film market is driven by the needs of the majority and hence not many producers dare to make films on minorities, which have a very small and limited market. I agreed, as this was a very logical explanation to my loud thinking.

When I planned to write on Muslim social films or films with Muslim backgrounds, I noticed that from 1933 to 1942 (10 years) only 15 such films were made. Then from 1943 to 1947, a whopping 23 films were made in just 5 years ! These are only rough and estimated figures, without going into much details and avoiding films like Pukar-39 and Humayun-45 or Shahajehan-46. In 1947 alone there were 9 such films.

What could be the reason for this sudden surge in Muslim social films ? I think, by 1943, it was almost certain that India would be divided on Religion basis and Pakistan would be a New separate country for Muslims. This possibly increased the awareness of a need for improvement in the Muslim population. May be, I am wrong. One can only hazard a guess on such matters.

Director Mehboob started his production company by making the film Najma-43 and later also he made films like Elaan-47. He is on record why he made such progressive films, despite the risk from fundamentalists involved. Anyway, we leave the matter here only. Now that the Muslim population has increased considerably from 1951 (3.5 crores or 9.8%) to 2011 (17.2 crores or 14.2%), let us hope to see more such films. Equally disturbing is to see rare films on Christian, parsee, Budhist, Jain, etc minorities.

Film Salma-43 was actually a story of two thick girl friends. The film story was written by Munshi Dil. Screenplay, dialogues and Lyrics were by Hasrat Lucknowi. Music was by Pt. Gobind Ram. The cast was Sitara devi, Ishwarlal, Yakub, Urmila, Majid, Azra, Anwari etc etc. The film was directed by Nazir Ahmed khan. It was made by his own Hind Pictures.

This was also the period when Nazir had married Sitara Devi. Saadat Hasan Manto, in his famous book ‘ Stars from another sky” has described very juicy stories about Sitara- her many lovers, Nazir and his Nephew K.Asif. Sitara eloped with Asif to Delhi to marry him, after conversion to Islam with a new name Allah Rakhi, the book says. Returning to Bombay, after some time, Asif himself made a Muslim Social film, ” Phool’-45, with Sitara as the Heroine. More about this film some other time.

Nazir Ahmad Khan (1910–28-8-1983) was a Indian / Pakistani film actor, director and producer. He was the first successful film hero in independent Pakistan. Nazir was associated with almost two hundred films during his career, which spanned over a period of 55 years.Nazir Ahmed was widely known as Bao Jee in the film industries in India and in Pakistan.
It was in the late 1920s when Nazir went to Calcutta along with A.R. Kardar, and appeared in a character role in Kardar’s Sarfarosh (aka ‘The Daring One’) in 1929. Kardar later made Heer in which Nazir played the role of the Qazi. Both these films are from the silent era. He also did a secondary role in Kardar’s Mysterious Bandit.

Nazir went to Bombay. During this period he was cast in leading roles in Rajputana Ka Sher, Chandaal Chaukri, Badmaash Ka Baita and Pahari Sawar.

In 1934 he went back to Calcutta on the request of his old friend Kardar to act in his productions of Chandra Gupta, Sultana, Milaap, Mandar, Night Bird and Aab-e-Hayat.

In Calcutta Nazir won laurels for his role of Chanakya in Chandra Gupta. To perform this role realistically, Nazir had his head shaved completely to authentically perform the role of the ancient Indian minister.

In 1939, both Nazir and Kardar moved to Bombay and under Kardar’s banner he performed his most well remembered and renowned character role in Baghbaan, which besides creating box office records also established him as a hero.

Shokh Dilruba, Sher ka Panja, Shamaa, Midnight Mail, Swami Pooja, Apni Nagaria, Laila Majnu, Wamaq Azra, Sandaisa, Kaljug, Society, Chher Chhar, Aabroo, Salma, Gaon Ki Gori, Maa Baap ki Laaj, Yaadgar, Malika and Abida and several other hit films of that era are credited to his name. He also produced and Directed many of them. Most of the films directed by him saw the milestones of being Silver Jubilees.He acted in 25 films and directed 8 films in India.He even sang 7 songs in 5 films.

Nazir’s studio and the offices of Hind Pictures were burnt down during the riots in 1946-47. Nazir stood quietly outside his burning studio,smoking a cigarette and watching the ashes.In 1947, Nazir migrated to Pakistan. He left everything he had behind in Bombay and shifted to Lahore. He started from scratch and in the process became one of the pioneers of the Pakistan film industry.

He produced and directed Saachai, as his first film in the newly born Pakistan. It was followed by the first Silver Jubilee film of Pakistani Cinema, Pheray. Nazir completed Pheray in just one month, followed by Larey. His other movies include Shehri Babu, Anokhi Daastan, Shamaa, Heer, Khatoon, Noor-e-Islam and Azmat-e-Islam.

During the 1960s, he disassociated himself from Pakistani cinema, with the decline in this industry. He could not reconcile himself with the qualitatively declining trends in this industry.

Nazir was first married to his cousin Sikandara Begum. He was the Maternal Uncle of K.Asif,Director of Mughal E Azam. Later he married Sitara Devi and before going to Pakistan,he married his Heroine Swarnalata.

He died in 1983.

The story of film Salma – 43 was….

Salma (Sitara) and Suraiya (Urmila) grew up in Kanpur as very close friends. When they became marriageable, Salma’s father Abdul Majid (Majid) fixed her marriage with Dr. Masood (Ishwarlal) of Allahabad. Suraiya’s brother Yakub (Yakub) was a crook. He used to destroy all letters Salma wrote to Suraiya, from Allahabad, after marriage. Now Suraiya got engaged to Dr. Manzur (Ishwarlal-double role), who resembled his brother Dr. Masood, husband of Suraiya.

Unfortunately, on the day of marriage, Dr. Manzur dies in an accident, but Yakub tells Suraiya that Manzur cheated her and has left the town.She is shocked and loses her memory. She is taken to Allahabad for treatment from Dr. Masood, the specialist.

Suraiya gains memory, recognises Masood as Manzur and insists for marriage. Masood learns Suraiya’s full story from her parents and tells Salma about it. Salma is very religious and follows five times Namaz. She knows that as per Islam religion, a male can have 4 wives. She forces her husband to marry Suraiya. After initial resistance Masood agrees.

After marriage Suraiya recovers completely and both friends live happily. Soon Salma goes to Haj and becomes a Darvish ( a Sufi religious Mendicant-as per wiki). All this so that her friend Suraiya is made happy in her life.

The film had 8 songs, composed by Pt. Gobindram. He is one MD, about whose life absolutely no information is available in any book or on Internet. Only his work details are available on the net, books and HFGK.

Pt. Gobind Ram – the Music Director was a highly respected composer in the industry for his originality. Stalwarts like C.Ramchandra considered Sajjad and Pt. Gobind Ram ji as the original composers.

Author Pankaj Raag mentions in his book,” Dhunon ki yatra”- ” When K.Asif planned his magnum Opus- Mughal E Azam in the late 40s, he had engaged Gobind ram ji as the Music Director.” This statement, however, could not be corroborated with any other reference.
Pt. Gobind Ram gave music to only 32 films from 1937 to 1955, composing 302 songs.

Today’s song is sung by G M Durrani, who was a leading Playback singer , before Rafi and others prevailed on the scene in the latter half of the 40s decade. 6 songs which I have heard are all good ones, but this song is the best and melodious. other singers are Rajkumari, Sitara Devi and Hameeda Bano.

With this song, film Salma-43 makes its Debut on the Blog.
(Thanks to book ” Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933 to 1947″ by Kamalakar Pasupuleti ji for some information used here.)


Song-Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai (Salma)(1943) Singer- G M Durrani, Lyrics-Hasrat Lucknowi, MD-Pt. Gobindram

Lyrics

Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai
Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai
Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai ae ae ae
ajab haal dil ka hua jaa raha hai
ajab haal dil ka hua jaa raha hai

jise wo samajhte hain apna maseeha
jise wo samajhte hain apna maseeha
aa aa aa aa aa
wo beemaar khud hi hua jaa raha hai
wo beemaar khud hi hua jaa raha hai

mili hai nazar jabse unki nazar se ae
mili hai nazar jabse unki nazar se
mili hai nazar jabse unki nazar se ae ae ae
kaleje mein nashtar chubha ja raha hai
kaleje mein nashtar chubha ja raha hai

ye kaun aaj rah rah ke yaad aa raha hai
ye kaun aaj rah rah ke yaad aa raha hai ae ae

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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 15000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3900 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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