Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Gori dulhaniya ho gori dulhaniya

Posted on: January 26, 2021


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4575 Post No. : 16180

Today’s song is from the film Bahu Beti-1952.

1952 was an year, when resurgent India was trying to organise itself as an Independent Nation. Jawaharlal Nehru had formed independent India’s first Government after the first General Elections. In the film industry also few milestones were reached.

The first ever international Film Festival was organised in Bombay. The fortnightly magazine FILMFARE was launched. A delegation of Indian film personalities visited Hollywood. Two colour films-Aan and Jhansi ki rani (released in 1953) were censored. Pakistan banned import of Indian films after an agitation of Pakistani Film artistes. Bimal Roy shifted his base from Calcutta to Bombay.

Besides this, Radio Ceylon played a major role in popularising Hindi Film Music almost worldwide. Radio Ceylon Hindi service started before 1950. Hamid Sayani, elder brother of Amin Sayani was involved in Radio Ceylon in early days and Binaca Geetmala started from 1952. The announcers of radio Ceylon like Kamini and Vijaya sisters, Vijay Kishore Dubey, Gopal Sharma, Shiv Kumar Saroj, Sunil Dutt, Manohar Mahajan etc were household names. So were towns like Jhumri Talaiyya, Nanded and few others. Radio clubs cropped up everywhere.

Radio Ceylon got the real boost when HFM stopped playing on A.I.R. in 1952.It is popularly believed that the then Minister for information and broadcasting, V.B.Keskar was against film music, calling it Vulgar and that it was he who banned it on A.I.R.

But it is NOT TRUE !

It is true that Keskar was a Purist and disliked Hybrid Music (i.e. HFM ),but he did not ban it. What actually had happened was that A.I.R. announced its revised policy in July 1952 which said,1) Broadcast time for Hindi film songs will be reduced and 2) Dropping the custom of announcing the name of the Film of the song.

IMPPA or The Indian motion Picture producers’ Association was enraged at this loss of free advertisement opportunity for their films and the producers, in their capacity as Copyright owners, took away the A.I.R. ‘s licences for broadcasting film songs. Thus film songs disappeared from A.I.R.,replaced by sugam sangeet and classical music.
(Ref. ‘‘ Mourning the nation: Indian cinema in the wake of the Partition” by Bhaskar Sarkar,pp 57 and .https://www.livemint.com/…/In-1952-Hindi-film-songs-were-ba… )

So, the truth is Keskar did not ban HFM, it was the producers’ association which withdrew licences to AIR, thus forcing them to stop HFM.

We had a very interesting discussion on RMIM forum on this issue, a few years back. Dr.Surjit singh ji , like a magician, produced several old documents which proved that Keskar was NOT the villain, but popularly he was held responsible by one and all.

Radio Ceylon took advantage of the situation and grew very fast starting programmes like Binaca geetmala and Lipton ke Sitare. They did yeoman service to popularise HFM in south east Asia.

Radio Ceylon’s transmitters were powerful and Boosters were installed in India. The famous Mountaineer Edmund Hillary wrote, ” Soon after Conquering Everest, we turned on our Transmitter Radio and the First thing we heard was an Overseas broadcast of Radio Ceylon Hindi service-from more than 3000 miles away ! ”

The year 1952 also saw some of the outstanding musical films and films with some other importance. Scanning the 105 Hindi films that were censored in 1952, we find that the colour film Aan was made in Hindi, English and Tamil language versions. Anand math-first Hindi film of Hemant Kumar had few eternally famous songs by Lata, Geeta and Hemant himself. Aasmaan was the first film of O P Nayyar, from whose soundtrack, Radio Ceylon picked up one of its programme music. Then there was Anhonee. Baiju Bawra-a musical film which opened the doors of A grade films for its lead pair-Meena kumari and Bharat Bhushan, languishing in B and C grade films hitherto.

Film Chamkee for which actress Ragini came all the way from Pakistan, Film Jaal another musical. Jungle ka Jawahir-last film for the yesteryear stalwart composer Madholal master, who was murdered in his flat in Shivaji park, in 1990. Film Maa- first Hindi film of Bimal Roy in his Bombay career part. Naubahar-a Roshan musical and Neelam Pari- Last film for migrator khwaja Khurshid Anwar, MD. Film Saqi,a musical and Sheesha-first film for Kumkum. Shin shinaki Boobla Boo-strange name film featured in the environs of a Far Eastern country. Film Yatrik-a Himalaya trek religious film by Pankaj Mullik, with some outstanding Bhajans and finally film Zalzala-in which Dev Ananad died on screen for the first time ( He never liked the idea,though). The only Next time he died on screen was in Guide-65.

The music of film Bahu Beti was composed by S D Batish. I have a lot of respect for S D Batish,who did a marvellous job of promoting Indian Music in the UK and USA. He is one of those rare people who left the film world, but continued serving the Music,by turning a corner in Life. Such people are few in this world. The monumental work he did for Indian Music in foreign lands is unparalleled. An important point is that he did not do this service to Music for his personal gains. For his sustenance,he had opened a Restaurant in Santa Cruz,California,which was providing him enough for a comfortable living in the USA.

After his death in 2006, an obituary-cum-short life sketch was published in California. I give below its adapted version for our readers-

” Punjabi master S.D. Batish was a pivotal figure behind the western world’s embrace of Indian music, most notably via his memorable contributions to the Beatles’ film Help! Born December 14, 1914, in Patiala, India, Shiv Dayal Batish abandoned a career in the nascent telephone industry to study devotional song, folk drama, and Indian classical music under his guru Hakim Chandan Ram Charan. In 1934, he relocated to Bombay to try his hand at acting, but roles proved scarce and he returned to Patiala two years later, renewing his focus on music. By 1936 Batish was regularly appearing on All India Radio and recording his first sessions for His Master’s Voice. The film industry nevertheless retained its allure for him, and in 1939 he returned to Bombay, working for a spell under broadcasting legend Z.A. Bokhari. After earning his first film work as an assistant musical director in 1942, Batish later graduated to full-fledged Bollywood musical director, in the years to follow working with playback singer greats including Asha Bhosle, Lata Mangeshkar, and Mohammed Rafi as well as writing now-classic songs like the smash “Manmohan Mana Men,” from the 1945 film Kaise Kahoon.

Batish also moonlighted as a playback singer on more than 40 films, among them 1944’s Daasi and 1948’s Barsaat ki Raat, before relocating to Britain in 1964. After accepting a position with the BBC Immigration Unit, Batish became a regular in British radio and television, most notably composing “Nai Zindagi Naya Jivan,” the theme song to the Beeb’s classic South Asian series Apna Hi Ghar Samajhiye (“Make Yourself at Home”). He also returned to his roots as a live musician, performing Indian folk and classical music on the vichitra veena, a long-necked fretless flute. In 1965 Batish was summoned by percussionist Keshav Sathe to record the Indian-inspired incidental music for the Beatles’ second feature film, Help! — the experience also proved the beginning of his lifelong friendship with BeatleGeorge Harrison, who later hired Batish to teach his then-wife Patti Boyd the stringed dilruba. In 1969 Batish assembled wife Shanta Devi, daughter Vijay Laxmi and sons Ashwin Kumar and Ravi Kumar to record North Indian Folk and Classical Music, which for decades remained the lone Indian release to appear on the seminal folk label Topic Records. A year later, the family emigrated to the U.S., settling in northern California and founding a restaurant, the Santa Cruz-based Krishna Café. Although the restaurant business remained Batish’s primary focus for the remainder of his life, he continued playing live and also cut the occasional LP, most notably 1980s Raga Todi, 1985’s Om Shanti Meditation on Dilruba and 1997’s The 72 Carnatic Melakhartas.

He founded “Batish Institute of Music and Fine arts” in California and wrote about 12 books on Indian Classical music,like Ragopaedia,Raga Channels,Rasik Raga lakshan Manjiri etc. He had also founded Batish Recording Co. He was associated with 102 films in Hindi and gave music to 17 films as S.D.Batish,Master Ramesh and Nirmal Kumar. Some of his songs were famous. He died at age 91 on July 29, 2006.” ( adapted from Jason Ankeny’s Bio )

In my memory,the image of S D Batish is etched as a person with a large Fur Cap. Such a type of cap was worn by Shaikh Abdulla and his son Farooq Abdulla. I saw V.Shantaram too wearing that type of cap. Later his son followed by wearing the same ( I mean similar type) Fur cap like father,as if it was a family tradition ! Of late,I have seen the famous film Historian shri Nalin ji Shah with this cap. When I had met him a few years back,he had jokingly said that this cap is his Trademark !

S D Batish was the cousin brother of Pt. Amarnath and brothers Husnlal-Bhagatram,all bore the same surname – Batish.

Out of the 8 songs of film Bahu beti-52, 4 songs are already discussed on the Blog. Today’s song, sung by Geeta Dutt and chorus will be the 5th song. It is a good song to enjoy listening…


Song-Gori Dulhaniya mori gori dulhaniya (Bahu Beti)(1952) Singer- Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Kaifi Azmi, MD-S D Batish
chorus

Lyrics

hoye gori dulhaniya
hoye gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
hoye gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya

kaise nikhattu pe lattu bhayi
haan kaise nikhattu pe lattu bhayi
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya

raja atariya pe oonghat hai
haha oonghat hai
sookhat hai sejiya pe raniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya

damdi kamaai ki ghar mein na laave
damdi kamaai ki ghar mein na laave
hardam badhe pet apna bajaave
hardam badhe pet apna bajaave
paave to kha jaaye ghar bhar ki rotiyaan aan
chada jaaye paniya paniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
hoy gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya

roti hai loti to paani hai maani
roti hai loti to paani hai maani
raani ko tutla ke kahte hain naani
raani ko tutla ke kahte hain naani
bhaiya ko bhauji zara kuchh sikha de
chhuda de naadaniya nadaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
hoye gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya

maathhe pe bhaiyya ko pagdi na bhaaye
maathhe pe bhaiya ko pagdi na bhaaye
kaandhhe pe talwaar rakkhi na jaaye
kaandhhe pe talwaar rakkhi na jaaye
balma ko apne odha de odhaniya
pinha de jhulaniya jhulaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya

5 Responses to "Gori dulhaniya ho gori dulhaniya"

Happy Republic Day….
Thank you for this post which clarifies the stand of AIR

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Thank you.
-AD

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Dear Guruji,

But it is true that BV Keskar banned the Harmonium on AIR since he considered it as “un-Indian”?

A slight correction, YATRIK was made by New Theatres as a Bi-lingual with Music Composed by Pankaj Mullick for both the versions.

With warm regards

PARTHA CHANDA

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When I said ” made by Pankaj Mullik” I only referred to his music for the film, if you read the next sentence. I did not say, it was produced by Pankaj Mullik. ( I always wonder about your ability to pick up such things from my posts).
I do not have details about Harmonium ban.

Like

Here is something relevant…

Foulds stated in an article that the inability of the harmonium to produce microtones or shrutis rendered it inappropriate for Indian music. His opinion led Lionel Fielden, controller of broadcasting for AIR (earlier known as the Indian Broadcasting Company), to ban the harmonium on AIR broadcasts in March 1940.

-The harmonium complex – Mintwww.livemint.com › Opinion › The harmonium complex

In 1940, India was not independent and Keskar was not a Minister, so his banning anything on A.I.R. does not arise.

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