Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Ik hook si uthhti hai dil mein baar baar kyun

Posted on: November 28, 2021


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4881 Post No. : 16677

Songs from Artiste Name Films….Second Season….No. 3
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What is Beauty ?

Everybody’s definition of Beauty is different. It all depends upon individual likings. Some like good eyes, some like long hair, some like a round and attractive face….long nose…good smile… etc etc. Because of this, Shakespeare ended this debate by saying ” Beauty lies in the beholder’s eyes”. In other words, to each his own. However, there are many who go by the majority.

There have always been debates in the film industry as to who is the most beautiful actress and as expected there was no common answer. In the early times of cinema neither the audience nor the filmmakers ever bothered about the beauty of the actresses. In the 30’s, the stress was on film producing company names and the story of the film. It was in the 1940s that the point of beauty of the film heroine took prominence. When one sees the magazine and newspaper advertisements of that time, one notices this point.

During the 40’s decade two actresses were declared beautiful. One was Naseem Bano- who was called ‘ Pari Chehra” (face of the Fairy), and the other was Ragini- who was called “Aahoo Chashm” (Magical Eyes). Ragini’s eyes were Brown, which is a rarity. in all those years, there have been only three actresses, who had brown eyes. One was Vanmala, the second was Kamla Kotnis and the third was Ragini. However, it was only Ragini, who was given extraordinary publicity through newspapers, Hoardings and magazine articles, of being the ” Aahoo Chashm ” !

Ragini was born Shamshad Begum, on 11-12- 1923, at Gujranwala, in a bazaar, where, to quote that great sage, Agha Hashr, “Days are dormant and nights wide awake.” Her mother named her Shamshad Begum, and her father, Seth Diwan Parmanand, happily allowed a Muslim name. But, her mother died during her childhood, and Diwan took this young girl from Gujranwala to Lahore.

Even this early, Ragini had the looks that made her noticeable. In those days, the classical sense of beauty was quite different. Large, sparkling eyes and a fair complexion was enough for any girl in the films to be termed beautiful. Aahoo Chashm Ragni and Pari Chehra Naseem (Saira Bano’s mother) were both considered the epitome of beauty, although young people question those attributes today as “just average”. Ragini had Brown eyes. In Indian cinema there were only 3 Heroines who had such Brown eyes. Ragini was one, Kamla Kotnis was second and the third was Vanmala.

Ragini was not able to go to school for undisclosed reasons, although she had a happy childhood. Diwan Sahab’s good friend, Roop K. Shorey was a well known film maker, and one day, while visiting his house, he noticed the girl child. “Isn’t she cute?” he said. “She has the looks of a fine film actress.” Although Diwanjee had some reservations about allowing the girl to join the industry, Shorey pledged that he would look after her at every step of the shootings. In those days, there were very few girls in the industry. To find a seventeen year old girl as the heroine meant that you had hit the jackpot.

Shorey cast Shamshad as Ragini, in Kamla Movietones’ Punjabi film, Dulla Bhatti in 1940. M.D. Kunwar was the hero, while Ragini played Nooran in the film. It was a hit and people were spellbound by her charm. Her next film, Sehti Murad did not make such a bang. She also did ‘himmat’ and ‘Raavipaar’. Later, she worked in many films before Partition, including her first Hindi film,Nishani-42,,naila,Anarkali,Poonji, Kaise Kahoon, Dasi, Shirin Farhad,farz and others. In Kardar’s film, Shahjahan, Ragini played Mumtaz Mahal, while her first hero, M. D. Kunwar, who had done Dulla Bhatt’s role, characterized Shahjahan with great aplomb. Kunwar was so enamoured of Ragini that he had requested Kardar for the role, to be close to Ragini. Unfortunately, Ragini did not respond to his romantic advances, and Kunwar sank himself in perpetual drunkenness, which led to his getting infected by tuberculosis and his death soon after that.

After Kardar’s Shahjhan, Ragini did a few more films before Partition, namely Nek Parveen, Farz, etc. Amongst these, director Niranjan’s film, Farz was Sudhir’s first film too, and Ragini played the lead with him. Ragini acted in 14 Hindi films, before her migration. Ragini got married to mian Mohd. Aslam in 1945 and took a break to raise a family. After Partition,she migrated to Pakistan and was welcomed with open arms in Pakistan. She worked as the heroine in films like Mundri, Akeli, Nazrana, Beqarar, Shararey, Mumtaz and Zanjeerin Pakistan. Radio Pakistan , during its creative days, used to play the hit songs of Beqarar, Naukar and Bedari in the 1960s. The song from producer S. Gul and director NazeerAjmeri’s 1950 film, Beqararis, still played on the radio. Dil ko laga ke kaheen thokar na khana. It was sung by Ali Bux Zahoor and Munawwar Sultana, and remains one of the earliest hit duets of Pakistani films.

Ragini was an expressive character actress, who did a variety of roles in films like Husn o Ishq, Anarkali, and Aab e Hayat She made a perfect Mumtaz Mahal in Naseem usSaqlain’s Taj Mahal, although she wore a half veil in some of the scenes. It was a remarkable spectacle, but flopped because the local audience could not understand its historical significance. A huge expense to uplift it, with superb costumes, apart from the details taken care of during the royal procession shown in the film, are its high points. Ragini was able to use her arching eyebrows and expressive eyes brilliantly in Taj Mahal. Much has been written about her intimacy with famous producer, S. Gul, but he always maintained and proved by his actions that he had sympathy and reverence for her and shared her grief and heart felt fondness for the good times she had spent in the undivided India.

Ragini was invited to India to do two films,Chamkee-52 and Insaan-52. She completed these and went back to Pakistan. Later she divorced her first husband and married producer Gul. Her last days in Pakistan were very sad. She was thrown out of her house by her Son in Law,as he did not want an actress in his house. She spent her last days in a small room in Lahore and died unsung on 27-2-2007 at the age of 85 years. (information collated from various sources like pak.mag, cinerang by Isaq Mujawar, muVyz, HFGK,Flashback, Chanderi Smriti Chitre by Samant, upperstall with thanks and my notes)

Today’s song is from the film Ragini-1945. Actress Ragini was not in the film. The film cast consisted of Smriti Biswas, Najam ul Hasan, Pran, Aruna Devi, Gyani ji, Roofi and many others. The film was made by Maheshwari Pictures, Lahore and was directed by Shankar Mehta. He directed only 4 films in his career-Pagli -43, Ragini-45, Aai Bahar-46 and Rokshawala–60 ( for which he was also one of the producers). The music was by Pt. Amarnath – the eldest brother of Pt. Husnlal and Pt. Bhagatram.

The Hero of the film Ragini (RAGNI, as per the HFGK)-45 was Najam, who was (in)famous for eloping with Devika Rani of Bombay Talkies. Najmul Hasan was born on 5-9-1910, into a noble family of Lucknow. He was tall and very handsome and was bitten by the urge to act in the films. He left his Law studies and headed for Bombay. He met Sarojini Naidu, who was a family friend. She strongly recommended his name to Himanshu Rai. His Screen test was taken in which he passed. Though at first sight, Himanshu Rai was not impressed with his manner of behaviour, he still selected him for the First film of Bombay Talkies, opposite Devika Rani in Jawani ki Hawa-1935.

During Jawani ki Hawa-35- which was loosely based on Agatha Christie’s “Murder On The Orient Express”, published in 1934 only- Devika Rani fell in love with Najmul Hasan and they decided to elope. Their second film- Jeewan Naiyya-36 went on floor and the love birds flew to Calcutta. There was a great commotion in Bombay Talkies. Shashdhar Mukherji the production manager was close to his Bengali Boss Himanshu Roy. Mukherjee traced the couple to Calcutta, met Devika Rani and convinced her to return to Himanshu. Devika Rani returned, Himanshu Roy pardoned her, but not Najmul Hasan.

Najmul Hasan did not come back to Bombay. He joined the New Theatres in Calcutta and did films like Anath Ashram-37,Dushman-38,Kapal kundala-39,Jawani ki Reet-39, and Nartaki-40. Even in Calcutta, Najmul Hassan had a rocking affair with superstar Jahan Ara Kajjan. After doing the film Meenakshi-42, Najmul Hasan did some films like Daasi-44 , Ragini-45 and kaise Kahoon-45 in Lahore and then he decided to migrate to Pakistan in 1947. In Pakistan he did some films like Eid-1951, Ashiyana, Doctor, Mirza Jatt, Taxi Driver and Heer Ranjha etc.

Najmul Hasan, a very bitter man for the treatment he received in Pakistan, died in 1980 in Pakistan. (Based on information from सुंदर ती दुसरी दुनिया by Ambarish Mishra,pak.mag, The magical world of Bombay Talkies by Lalit Joshi with thanks and my notes)

Today’s song is sung by Zeenat Begum, who was not only a find of Pt. Amarnath, but also his main singer for many of his films.


Song- Ik hook si uthhti hai dil mein baar baar kyun(Raagini)(1945) Singer- Zeenat Begum, Lyricist- not known, MD- Pt. Amarnath

Lyrics

Ik hook si uthhti hai dil mein baar baar kyun oon
aankhon ne baandh rakkha hai ashkon ka taar kyun oon
ik hook si uthhti hai dil mein baar baar kyun oon
maatam hai jiski aarzuon ka jahaan mein aen
maatam hai jiski aarzuon ka jahaan mein aen
har cheez mein gar ho rahi hai sogwaar kyun
aankhon ne baandh rakkha hai ae ashkon ka taar kyun oon
ik hook si uthhti hai dil mein baar baar kyun oon

hook uthh raha hai dil mein janaaza ummeed ka
taar taar samne sab ro karaar kyun oon
aankhon ne baandh rakkha hai ae ashkon ka taar kyun oon
ik hook si uthhti hai dil mein baar baar kyun

barbaad ho chuka hai mera aashiyaan ??
barbaad ho chuka hai mera aashiyaan ??
bijli chaman mein kaundhhti hai baar baar kyun oon
aankhon ne baandh rakkha hai ae ashkon ka taar kyun oon
ik hook si uthhti hai dil mein baar baar kyun oon

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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