Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Zindagi kya ek gadbad hai

Posted on: February 16, 2022


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4961 Post No. : 16830

Today’s song is a comedy song from the film Arabian Nights-1946.

Can there be a child who has not read the story of Alibaba or Alladin or Sindbad the sailor ? All of us have read these stories in our younger days,but not many know that these stories are from ‘Arabian Nights’ or ‘The 1001 Nights’.

These are collections of stories from West and south Asia. The history of this book is very complex.Suffice to say that it is a composite work and that the earliest tales came from India and Persia. Perhaps in the 8th century,these were translated into Arabic and authors from every generation went on adding stories to it.However,the basic Frame story remains the same for centuries.

King Shahriyar of Persia is shocked to discover that not only his brother’s wife but his own wife is not faithful to them.He has both women executed.Having lost faith in women,he orders his Vazir to bring one Virgin everyday to him,for marriage.The next morning,she gets executed,to prevent her from being unfaithful. At one point of time,the Vazir exhausts his supply and he is to be executed the next day.His daughter Sheherzad asks her father to marry her to the King.Her pleading forces him to offer her to the king and they are married.On the first night of Marriage,Sheherzad starts telling a story to the king for whole night,but does not complete it.The story is so interesting that the King postpones her execution.

Second night she continues and the whole night the story remains incomplete….this way she tells him 1001 stories in 1001 nights.Finally a happy King pardons her. These are collectively called “The Arabian Night Stories. Many sources like Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic etc claim to be its root. However Historians’ consensus is that it is a composite work of many authors. Many stories from this book have been made into films in Hollywood and Bollywood.

A cursory look at the Film Title Index-1913 to 2012 by Hamraz ji tells us that the most popular stories are on Allauddin, Alibaba and Sinbad as well as Gul E Bakavli, besides films on other not so well known characters. In the Silent film era, films on Alibaba were made in 1927 (2films), Allauddin in 1927 (2), 1928,1931 Sindbad in 1930(2) and Arabian Nights-1930. During the Talkie films, the first film on Alibaba was in 1932, then in 40,46,54(2),66,76,77,80 and 2004. On Aladdin in 35, 36, 39,41, 49,52 (2), 55, 57,58,66,78, 82(2). On Sindbad in 46(2),52(2),58,65 and 2000.

As always, the creative heads in the story departments of filmmakers invented titles like Alladin ka Beta, Alladin ki Beti, Alladin and Laila. Similarly son and daughter were gifted to Alibaba and Sinbad and films made on them. The funniest title was Sindbad, Alibaba and Allauddin-1965 !

On a quick checking of HFGK entries for the 40’s decade we find that as many as 9 films were made in 1946 alone on these characters. Added were Baghdad ka chor, Hoor E Baghdad Sher E baghdad Arab ka chand and Shah E Misr-in which actor Ajit debuted with his real name Hamid.

Film Arabian Night-46 was made by P R Productions , Bombay, in Calcutta. In those days, many films were made by Bombay Producers in Calcutta with Bangla Artistes. Examples are films Krishnleela-46(producer laxmidas Anand from Bombay), Arabian Nights-46 and Chandrashekhar-48 (Ashok kumar was specially brought from Bombay to act opposite Kanan Devi). Speciality of these films was that Bombay banners preferred Kanan devi as Heroine and Kamal Dasgupta as MD for their films.

Film Arabian Nights-46 was directed by Niren Lahiri. kamal Dasgupta gave music to songs written by Faiyyaz Hashmi-the popular lyricist who could write songs in pure Hindi also. His name is known to NFS loving music lovers all over India. he wrote beautiful Lyrics for NFS sung by Talat Mahmood, Hemant kumar, Jagmohan, Juthika Roy, Pankaj Mullik and others.

Fayyaz was born on 18-6- 1920 at Calcutta. His father, Syed Muhammad Hussain Hashmi Dilgeer was a very famous poet and writer of stage drama. He was director at the top class theater of that time named “ MADAN THEATER LTD.” He knew 8 languages.

Senior lyricist, Faiyyaz Hashmi, passed away in Karachi on Nov 29 th 2011. He shot to fame after penning lyrics for such non-film songs as ;Ye Raatein Ye Mausam; (Pankaj Mullick), ;Tasveer Teri Dil Mera; (Talat Mehmood), ;Dil Ko Hai Tum Se Pyar Kyun; (Jagmohan), ;Bhala Tha Kitna Apna Bachpan; (Hemant Kumar), and so many more rendered by the likes of Juthika Roy and Feroza Begum.

Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi is a legendary song and dialogue writer and above all a true loving person. He is by himself an institution and a common asset of the Indo-Pakistan film-world. His admirers as ever are not confined in national frontiers. Those fond of Hindi / Urdu songs anywhere in the world have affection for him. The emergence of this bright star was evidenced much before independence of India, when Fayyaz Hashmi, still a teenager wrote the most famous song “Tasveer Teri Dil Mera Behla Na Sakhe Gi”. It was recorded in the voice of Talat Mehmood and music was composed by Kamal Das Gupta. This song brought “Talat” to limelight. Music for most of the Fayyaz Hashmi’s songs recorded at Calcutta was composed by Kamal Das Gupta.

The dynamic achievements of young Fayyaz Hashmi and his clarity of expression by using simple words were greatly appreciated by Qazi Nazrul Islam -“Tum mann main doob kar mann ka bhed nikaltey ho. Aasan shubdoon mein mushkil baat kehna buhut mushkil hay”. His unique combination of Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit words to produce a harmonious song thus became a guideline for the future poets of geets. The transformation of some traditional Bangla songs was also facilitated. He has also written songs in Brij Bhasa and Purbi. His pre-independence songs total to about 1000.

Fayyaz Hashmi wrote his first verse “Chaman main Ghuncha-o-gul ka tabassum dekhne walo – Kabhi tum ne haseen kalyoon ka murjhana bhi dekha hai” when he was in 7th class. As a student of 9th class, he was participating in regular “mushairas”. He got an assignment in the British owned Gramophone Company at DumDum (now called Jessore Road, Kolkotta) India. He served there during 1943 to 1948 period. At that time the average monthly production of record was only 16. Once all the records (16) issued in a month were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi- a record by itself. Some of the evergreen hit songs of Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi are quoted here:

1- Honton se gulfishan hain who – Aankhoon se ashkbar hum Talat Mahmood
2- Do Kafir Aankhoon ne mara Talat Mahmood
3- Dil ko hai tum se pyar kyoon Jag Mohan
4- Aaj use phir dekha hai Jag Mohan
5- Bhala tha kitna apna bachpan Hemant Kumar
6- Yeh Raaten yeh mausam yeh hansa hansana Pankhaj Mallick
(Also re-sung by Lata Mangeshkar as a tribute to the legendary Pankhaj Mallick)
7- Tasveer teri dil mera behla na sake gi Talat Mehmood
8- Ab yad hamein kyoon aati ho Hemant Kumar
9- Kitna dukh bhulaya tum ne Hemant Kumar
10-Maloom hay mujhko – ban Jao gi tum ek din taqdeer hamari Jag Mohan.

While in India, he wrote 48 songs in 9 Hindi films, namely-Subah Shyam-44, Meghdoot-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Pehchan-46, Krishna Leela-46, Arabian Nights-46, Giribala-47, Faisla-47 and Iran ki ek raat-49

He chose to migrate to Pakistan after the Partition.

In 1948, he was posted as recording Manager at Dhaka Center of the Gramophone Company and thereafter in 1951 at Lahore. He promoted many talents like Farida Khanum, Saeen Marna, Saeen Akhtar and Saeen Budha. He diverted towards the writing of film songs in 1956. “Kunwari Bewa” was the first film in Pakistan with his songs. He wrote more than 2000 songs for films and Gramophone Recording Company. He had also written stories, dialogues and scripts of many hit films like AULAD, ZAMAN KIYA KAHE GA, NEHLEY PE DEHLA, INTEKHAB, PEHCHAN, KHUDA AUR MUHABBAT, GHAREEBON KA BADSHAH etc. including “ HUM AIK HAIN” which was also directed by him. It was the first Pakistani film with 5 songs filmed in colour and as such a record in Pakistan film industry.

Every film, songs of which were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi became super hit like SAHELI, AULAD, ASHIANA, SUHAGAN, HONAHAR, PEGHAM, SARTAJ, SHAREEK-E-HAYAT, EID MUBARAK, SHABNAM, LOVE IN JUNGLE, TOBA, SAWAL, LAKHOON MAIN AIK, DEWAR BHABI etc.

He received Graduate Award 3 times and also Nigar award for the best song in 1978 on “Chalo Achha Hua Tum Bhool Gaye” film “Lakhoon Main Aik”. He received International award in 1986 and another Nigar award in 1988 for the best dialogue of film “ Ghareebon Ka Badshah”. In addition to these he recounts about 11 Silver Jubilee Awards and 17 Golden Jubilee**. “Deewane Tere Pyar ke” is the latest film all songs of which have been written Fayyaz Hashmi.

The first compilation of his poetry was published as “ RAG RANG” in 1944 in India. His poems were published in various journals and magazines like Adbi Duniya, Adbe Lateef, Alamgeer, Beesveen Sadi, Shama (Delhi), Chitrali (Dhaka), Nigar (Karachi), Amar Jadeed and Amrit Bazar Patrika (Calcutta, India). He wrote many Naats and Qawwalis. He also wrote many National songs like (Ae Quiad-e-Azam tera ehsan hai ehsan” & “ Suraj Kare Salam – Chanda kare Salam”.

On the publication of his mystic verses, Mr. Raees Amrohi commented that “History of Sufi poets is indicative of a glorious future for them and Mr. Fayyaz.

(Based primarily on the article by Nadeemur Rehman, courtesy shri Rajnikumar Pandya ji and my own notes. ).

The cast of the film Arabian Nights-46 was Kanan Devi, Nawab, Robin Mujumdar, Debi Mukherjee, Molina Devi, Heeralal and Sunder. Today’s song is sung by actor Sunder Singh. Most readers will know Sunder only as a comedian. But he was a Hero in his early career and sang songs in films. Let us now enjoy his funny song.


Song- Zindagi kya ek gadbad hai (Arabian Nights)(1946) Singer- Sunder Singh, Lyricist- Faiyaz Hashmi, MD- Kamal Dasgupta

Lyrics

Zindagi kya
zindagi kya ek gadbad hai ree
gadbad hai
dil yahaa ka
dil yahaan ka
sab sadbad hai ree
gadbad hai

hai khilaadi duniyaa saari
duniyaa saari ee ee
hai khilaadi duniyaa saari
duniyaa saari ree ee
zindagi kya
zindagi kya ik gadbad hai ree
gadbad hai

husn pe duniya bhar ki nazar hai
yahaan pe aashaq ghanchakkar hai
ye maston ke baap ka ghar hai
baap ka ghar hai
aji ye maston ke baap ka ghar hai
baap ka ghar hai

sab hain rote
ham hain hanste
jeet hamaaree ree
sab hain rote
ham hain hanste
jeet hamaaree ree ee
zindagi kya
zindagi kya ik gadbad hai ree
gadbad hai

is daulat mein phanske marte
marte

kuchh hai fanda
sabke marte
marte
hansne waale hanske marte
marte marte
hansne waale hanske marte
marte marte
hansi khushi ki
saari daulat
ham par waarenge ae ae
hansi khushi ki
saari daulat
ham par waarenge ae ae
zindagi kya
zindagi kya ik gadbad hai ree
garbad hai
khel yahaan ka
hel yahaan ka
sab sadbad hai ree
gadbad hai

3 Responses to "Zindagi kya ek gadbad hai"

Dear Guru ji,

A journey down Memory Lane as only you can guide us. As a fan of Fayyaz Hashmi, it was revealing that he had composed for Films in undivided India other than the song from “MEGHDOOT”. As you maybe aware, Fayyaz, who was fluent in Sanskrit, read the Epic Poem by Kalidas in original before writing that iconic “O Varsha ke pehle badal”.

And although Bangla was like a mother tongue to him, he never wrote in Bangla out of respect for Bengali fellow Lyricists of that time.

I am taking the liberty of placing a song that he wrote for a Pakistani Film,”BADAL AUR BIJLI” (1973), set to Music by SOHAIL RANA and rendered inimitably by HABIB WALI MOHAMMAD :

Dear Guru ji, do continue to weave magic with your words – there is so much to learn from you.

With warm regards

PARTHA CHANDA

Like

Enjoyed the post Sir ji. The title of the songpost ‘Zindagi kya ek gadbad hai’ got me interested to listen the song and read the post. This may be one of those very few posts where I listened to the song first and then read the post.
Sunder Singh’s singing in his typical style is enjoyable.
Thanks for the information on films made on ‘Arabian Nights’. Thanks for the sketch of Lyricist-Writer Faiyyaz Hashmi. People like me always get to know of artistes of yesteryears through such posts only.
Thanks a lot for enriching our knowledge about the golden years’ movies of Hindi Movies.
With best regards,

Like

Dear Avinash ji,
Thanks for your kind words.
I feel happy when my posts add to the knowledge kitty of the readers, in some way or the other. Hence my attempts are to cover many aspects of the song, its makers, the film and the people connected with the film.
Thanks again.
-AD

Like

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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