Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Tohe Nainon Ki Madira Pilaaungi

Posted on: July 5, 2022


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The Blog completes 5100 days today.

Blog Day :

5100 Post No. : 17033

Today’s song is from an obscure film – ‘Vishwamitra’ (1952).I am sure that 99.9% readers must not have even heard of this film ever. Then why did I select a song from this film to discuss? There is a strong reason for it. When I first saw this film’s name in HFGK a few days ago, I noticed the name of the director and the music director and honestly, I was thrilled ! The director was Kala Maharshi Baburao Painter, one of the pioneers of Indian films- both silent as well as talkie. He was also the mentor of many film luminaries who shone later in their lives. All of them had learnt the ABCD of film making at the feet of Baburao Painter. Great directors like V Shantaram and Master Vinayak were the prominent learners under him.Any industry, to develop into a profitable one, requires hard work by the pioneers. This applies totally to the Hindi Film Industry in India. The original initiators of the film industry were not any rich people, but the industry took the seeds from ordinary, middle class people.They had no riches, but their zeal, dedication, ambition and desire to achieve goals overtook their poverty and they toiled and moiled to raise the required finance for their projects. We all know about  the great Dadasaheb Phalke, who staked everything he owned to achieve his goals and became a name to remember forever. In this endeavor, he was not alone. There was one more person from Kolhapur, who took Phalke’s dream much ahead from silent to talkie films. His name is taken today with awe and respect by film historians. He was Baburao Painter.

Kala Maharshi Baburao Painter (real name Baburao Krishnarao Mestri) was born on 3rd June 1890 at Kolhapur. The success of Dadasaheb Phalke in making films in India inspired Baburao and his cousin brother Anandrao immensely. They too wanted to make films, but it was not possible in Kolhapur. Phalke had gone to England to learn film making and had brought machinery from England. This was beyond the reach of these poor young men.

Anandrao found that a second hand projector was for sale in Null Bazar in Bombay. Crazily, he decided to change the projector into a film camera, by making some structural changes. They sold the family’s gold ornaments and bought the projector. To start with and to get further finance they used it to show films in theaters. They even showed some Hollywood films here. After several attempts, Anandrao was successful in converting the projector into a film camera. Baburao was also with him in this. Unfortunately, Anandrao died suddenly giving a setback to the project.

Baburao now needed finance to go ahead. Luckily a famous classical singer of those days, Tanibai Kagalkar – wife of Bapusaheb Kagalkar and the sister of Vinayakrao Ghorpade (who was the father of child actress and singer Vasanti), invested Rs. 15,000 – an astronomical figure for those times. Baburao established Maharashtra Film Company in Kolhapur and started preparations for making his film ‘Sairandhri’, released in 1919. The cast of this film included 2 women, Gulab Bai aka Kamla Devi and Anusuya Bai aka Susheela Devi. These women were promptly thrown out of their homes and society. They remained with the company and even cooked and washed clothes of artistes, besides acting in the films other times. Gulab Bai aka Kamla Devi later posed for the symbol of Prabhat Film company- playing the tootari with bent body. She married Fattelal, one of the directors of Prabhat Films.

‘Sairandhri’ was a tremendous success. Enthused Baburao Painter made another 15 films. Lokmanya Tilak was so impressed with Baburao’s dedication, he awarded him the title of ‘Cinema Kesari’. Baburao Pendharkar was the General Manager of the company, mainly because he could speak fluent English with customers. Others were V Shantaram, Dhaiber, Damle and Fattelal as his assistants in different departments. Sarpotdar, NH Apte and Vashikar were the scriptwriters and Prof NS Phadke, the novelist, wrote film titles. In the 1920 second half, there was a big fire in the company and all films were burnt.

Baburao Painter started afresh in 1921. He made many mythological and historical films. Baburao was the first to make a social film, ‘Savkari Pash’ on the issue of exploitation of  poor farmers by money lenders in the villages. In 1928, a foreign trained film director was appointed from Bombay – Moti B Gidwani, on a fat salary. (He was later to direct the film ‘Khazanchi’ (1941) in Lahore). This caused unrest in the company and resulted in Shantaram, Dhaiber, Damle and Fattelal leaving the company. They established Prabhat Film Company. In 1930, Baburao also left the Maharashtra Film company. When talkie films started he made 7 talkie films, including 2 Hindi films – ‘Pratibha’ (1937) and ‘Matwala Shaayar Ramjoshi’ (1947) along with Shantaram. He then left films and concentrated on his painting and sculpture. In the year 1952, he was forced by his old friend BG Pawar to come to Bombay and direct his film ‘Vishwamitra’. However, most of the  shooting was done in Kolhapur itself. Baburao Painter died on 16-1-1954 at Kolhapur.

Baburao’s contribution to Indian film industry-

  1. He was the first to use colored screens and clothes for realistic effect.
  2. Indoor filming with artificial lighting.
  3. Fade out and fade in techniques
  4. Outdoor shootings; Debaki Bose, in his visit to the studio, was amazed to see Baburao’s working techniques.
  5. Making sketches of scenes and costumes before shooting.
  6. Advertising posters. Film booklets with film story and pictures.

All assistants of Baburao Painter became big people. He was simply a God sent gift to the Hindi film industry.

[Author’s Note: Thanks for the information culled from ‘The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema’ by Ashish Rajadhyaksha, ‘Marathi Cinema in Retrospect’ by Sanjit Narwekar and my own notes.]

Another surprising name was that of the Music Director- B Laxman aka Laxman Berlekar. When the talkie films started, it created tremendous curiosity among not only the audience but also those who loved acting, singing and composing music. Even the great names in these fields had a desire to act, to sing or to compose music for the films. Actors who were legends on the stage dramas like Master Nissar or Bal Gandharva, professional singers like Manik Varma, musicians like Pt Ravi Shankar, and poets like Kazi Nazrul Islam (now the national poet of Bangladesh) did their bits in few films. Most of these professionals contributed in just one or two films and then disappeared from the film line.

Some of the ‘one/two films’ music composers are Imam Baksh – ‘Mr and Mrs Bombay’ (1936), Shankar Rao Khatu – ‘Village Girl’ (1936), Master Ratnakant – ‘Rangbhoomi’ (1935), Pt Hansraj – ‘Mastana Mashooq’ (1936), Harish Bharadwaj – ‘Ahinsa Path’ (1949), Dattaram Gadekar – ‘Vikram Shashikala’ (1949), Chetumal – ‘Bombay’ (1949), Madhukar Golwalkar – ‘Main Abla Nahin Hoon’ (1950), Prafulla Chaudhari – ‘Swayamsidha’ (1949), Madhukar Acharya – ‘Kinaara’ (1949), Kazi Nazrul Islam – ‘Chauranghee’ (1942) etc.

B Laxman was also one such one film wonder in Hindi, though he had been a well known name in Marathi films and stage dramas. Berlekar was born in 1920 at Kolhapur. He loved music from his childhood. He first learnt playing harmonium and then studied in Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. Famous singer Wamanrao Padhye was his teacher.

In those days Ganesh Melas were popular in Maharashtra. Berlekar and Sudhir Phadke acted and sang in mela dramas. Both worked in Shrikrishna Sangeet Mela of Kolhapur. Laxman was very handsome and had a good personality. He acted as a child Prahlad in Hindi film ‘Bhakta Prahlad’ (1934) made by Saraswati Cinetone of Poona. Berlekar sang Hindi ghazals very well he gave music to 7 Marathi films and 1 Kannada film. ‘Vishwamitra’ was the only Hindi film he did. He used different pseudo-names like B Laxman, Dinkar Laxman and LB Sarang (saarang was his favourite Raag).

[Author’s Note: Thanks to ‘मराठी चित्रपट संगीतकार कोष’ for this information.]

Film ‘Vishwamitra’ was made by producer Baswant Pawar under the banner of his own Baswant Films, Bombay. It was directed by Baburao Painter and music was by B Laxman. All the 6 songs and the film story was written by Manohar Khanna (father of MD Usha Khanna). The cast was DK Sapru, Sheela Nayak, Vivek, Madhav Kale, Apte and many others. Today’s song is the second song of this film here.

Song- Tohe Nainon Ki Madira Pilaaungi (Vishwamitra) (1952) Singers – Asha Bhosle, Lyricist – Manohar Khanna, MD- B Laxman

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

tohe nainon ki madira pilaaungi
ho tohe nainon ki madira pilaaungi
sajanwa..aa aan milo
gori bainyon mein
gori bainyon mein jhuoola jhulaanwungi
sajanwa..aa aan milo

oo oo oo
rut aa gayi
rut aa gayi phir albeli
main kaise rahungi akeli
rut aa gayi
rut aa gayi phir albeli
main kaise rahungi akeli
tohe hirday mein
tohe hirday mein apne bithaanwungi
tohe nainon ki
ho tohe nainon ki madira pilaaungi
sajanwa..aa aan milo

oo oo oo
mere hirday mein
mere hirday mein naache umnagen
jaise saagar ki
jaise saagar ki chanchal tarangen
tohe nainon ki
tohe nainon ki bhaasha saikhaawungi
tohe nainon ki
ho tohe nainon ki madira pilaaungi
sajanwa..aa aan milo

oo oo oo
aa ja aa ja
aa ja mere mann ke baasi
aa ja aa ja
aa ja mere mann ke baasi
mann vyaakul hain ankhiyaan hain pyaasi
aa ja aa ja
kaise jeevan ki
kaise jeevan ki beena bajaawungi
sajanwa..aa aan milo

tohe nainon ki
ho tohe nainon ki madira pilaaungi
sajanwa..aa aan milo
gori bainyon mein
gori bainyon mein jhuoola jhulaanwungi
sajanwa..aa aan milo

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

तोहे नैनों की मदिरा पिलाऊँगी
हो तोहे नैनों की मदिरा पिलाऊँगी
सजनवा॰॰आ आन मिलो
गोरी बईय्यों में
गोरी बईय्यों में झूला झुलावूंगी
सजनवा॰॰आ आन मिलो

ओ ओ ओ
रुत आ गई
रुत आ गई फिर अलबेली
मैं कैसे रहूँगी अकेली
रुत आ गई
रुत आ गई फिर अलबेली
मैं कैसे रहूँगी अकेली
तोहे हिरदे में अपने बिठावूंगी
तोहे नैनों की
हो तोहे नैनों की मदिरा पिलाऊँगी
सजनवा॰॰आ आन मिलो

ओ ओ ओ
मेरे हिरदे में
मेरे हिरदे में नाचें उमंगें
जैसे सागर की
जैसे सागर की चंचल तरंगें
तोहे नैनों की
तोहे नैनों की भाषा सिखावूंगी
तोहे नैनों की
हो तोहे नैनों की मदिरा पिलाऊँगी
सजनवा॰॰आ आन मिलो

ओ ओ ओ
आजा आजा
आजा आजा मेरे मन के बासी
आजा आजा
आजा आजा मेरे मन के बासी
मन व्याकुल है अखियाँ हैं प्यासी
आजा आजा
कैसे जीवन की
कैसे जीवन की बीना बजावूंगी
सजनवा॰॰आ आन मिलो

तोहे नैनों की
हो तोहे नैनों की मदिरा पिलाऊँगी
सजनवा॰॰आ आन मिलो
गोरी बईय्यों में
गोरी बईय्यों में झूला झुलावूंगी
सजनवा॰॰आ आन मिलो

6 Responses to "Tohe Nainon Ki Madira Pilaaungi"

Sir ji,
Welcome on the blog and congratulations on this post number 1101…!!!
(I would request Sudhir ji to kindly add the ‘post by’ tag to this post).
I am always thrilled to read about the people who were the pioneers of the Hindi Cinema. I have a great admiration for the personalities that you have mentioned in your article above and other than that personalities like Bhalji Pendharkar and many others.
Thanks for the today’s article with details about Baburao Painter and Laxman Berlekar. Thanks for enriching us and taking us through the journey of films in its ‘initial years’…
Enjoyed the song too 🙂
Regards,

Avinash

Like

Dear Avinash ji,
Thanks.
I feel happy to restart my work here from today.
It has always been my endeavour to provide information on less known and unknown film personalities, because such information is never available easily.
I am glad that you liked this post.
Thanks again.
-AD

Like

Dear Arun ji,

Very heartening to see you active once again on the blog. It is a reassuring relief to see this post from you.

Thanks for the post and the info about music director B Laxman.
I have made the update for the ‘Post by’ tag correction.

Wishing you good health for all the years to come.

Sincerely
Sudhir

Like

Dear Sudhir ji,
It is my pleasure to start once again as if nothing has happened.
This gives me real enjoyment.
Conducive atmosphere and a group of well wishers is always a great motivation.
Thanks.
-AD

Like

Dear Arun Ji, I appreciate the way you introduce a song in this blog. Your write ups add an abundance of information. We are all getting to know more about less known or forgotten artists. Thanks once again.

Like

gandhivp ji,
Thanks for your appreciation.
I am happy that you liked the post.
-AD

Liked by 1 person

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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