Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Manohar Khanna


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4471 Post No. : 15970

Today’s song is from the film Alakh Niranjan-1950. This film is based on a story from Nath – Puran. In India, the Nath Sampraday (Sect) is spread over the whole country. In every place it has its local name and own folk lores. Now, what is this Nath Sampraday ? Few years ago, in one of posts, i had given all detailed information about it. To refresh your memory and for the benefit of new readers, here is a short note again on Nath Sampraday.

In the Hindu Sanaatan traditions the worship of Lord Shiva is called Shaivism and the worshippers and followers of Lord Shiva are called Shaivs. Nath Sampradaay is a sub tradition within Shaivism. The followers of this tradition consider Adinath or Lord Shiva as their first Lord. The word Nath implies Master. In this tradition, there is a lineage of nine Gurus or Teachers. The form of sadhna practiced by the followers of this tradition is called Hath Yog (हठ योग).

The first Guru in this lineage is Matsyendra Nath, who is better known as Machhindra Nath. The traditional history recounts that Matsyendra was born under an inauspicious star. This warranted his parents to throw the baby into the ocean. In the ocean the baby was swallowed by a large fish, and he lived and grew up inside the belly of the fish, for many years. The fish swam to the bottom of the ocean where Lord Shiva was imparting the secrets of yoga to Mata Parvati. Matsyendra overheard this discourse and learnt the secrets of yoga. He began to practice this yog sadhana inside the fish’s belly. After twelve years he finally emerged as an enlightened Siddha.

There is a list of Nine Nath Gurus, who are called Navnath. The first Nath Guru is Machhindra. The complete list is as follows

Machhindranath
Gorakhnath
Jalandhar Nath
Kanif Nath (Kanhoba)
Gahini Nath
Raja Bhartrihari Nath (Bharthari)
Revan Sidha Nath
Charpati Nath
Naag Nath

The stories surrounding every Nath Guru, especially the earlier ones, are very exciting, thrilling and entertaining. One must read them from the original Nath Puraan or NavNath Pothi. I have read all of them. These stories are in no way less than any Arabian Night stories. Due to their entertainment value, several films in several languages have been made on the early Gurus like Machhindranath and Gorakhnath.

Films on Machhindranath were made as ‘Maaya Machhindra’ in Hindi, in 1932, 1951, 1960 and 1975. Films on Gorakhnath as ‘Alakh Niranjan’, were made in 1940, 1950 and 1975. Films on Bharthari were made in 1932 and 1944. Films on other Naths were made as ‘Raja Gopichand’ in 1933, 1938 and 1950. Same way films on Naths in Telugu, Tamil, Gujarati and other languages were also made.

Film Alakh Niranjan-50 is a story from Bengal, where Raja Gopichand was ruling. Alakh Niranjan is the call, which a Gosavi gives, when he visits a house for his daily Bhiksha. These Gosavis do not accept cooked food. They take only the raw material, as they are supposed to cook and eat. I remember, when I was a kid and used to visit my Nanihal ( a small village in Marathwada, Maharashtra), few Gosavis used to visit the house and call out loudly “Alakh Niranjan”.It was my duty to give them the wheat or Jowar flour, which they would smilingly store in their multi-pocketed Zolis. Nowadays, even in the remotest villages, one cant find these Gosavis.

The film was directed by a veteran of the silent films – Dada Gunjal. The younger generation is unlikely to have even heard about him, because he ended his career in 1959 only. Director Vishnupant Mathaji Gunjal or simply Dada Gunjal, was born in Kolhapur on 25-1- 1904. He was not interested in education, so after passing his Matriculation, he joined the film industry. Initially he worked in various capacities, but concentrated on Directing the films. He established his own Gunjal Production company at Bombay and directed his first silent film Collegian in 1929. Soon ,realising that producing films was not his cake, he shifted to Directing films for Vishwesh film company, Bombay. Making silent films like Bharati, The Bandit, Vijeta, Bewafa qatil, khabardar, Bhedi khanjar etc.

When Talkie films started, he directed Bhakta ke Bhagwan and Ambarish in 1934. Dada Gunjal directed in all 37 films ( 30 Talkie and 7 Silent). Some of his films were, Bhakta dhruv, Panihari,Aparadhi, Ekadashi, Mata, Mamta, Tulsi, Bhakta ke Bhagwan, Noorjehan, Baraat, Kirti, Pati patni, Alakh Niranjan, Mother India -1938 etc. His last film was Ek Armaan mera-59. Dada Gunjal died on 16-11- 1968.

The music director of this film was Premnath….a case of ‘ Same Name Confusion’ . He is often confused with actor Premnath and his films are credited to the actor’s filmography.

PREMNATH the Music Director was born on 5-7-1918 in Gujranwala,Punjab. He learnt music from experts in Amritsar,Multan and Lahore.He acted in films like Shahr-e-khamoshi and also sang in Sohni Mahiwal-1938.

After marriage,he moved to Bombay. His first film as a Music Director was Rangbhoomi-1946. In this film ,a novice Mohd. Rafi sang many songs for him. His other films were Dharti-47,Chandrahas-47,Sagar’s Pehla pyar-47. He then produced a film ” Chand sitare”-48 under the banner of Ravindra Art productions. Mukesh,Lata and Geeta Roy sang in it. In the film ‘Alakh Niranjan’-50,he used Mohd. Faruqi, Sulochana kadam and Rajkumari.

Premnath gave music to many films of Super pictures of Aspy Irani like Bade Bhaiya-51 and Maya Machhindra-51, in which Surendra, Geeta,Rafi and Shamshad sang. His another film ‘Qatil kaun’ in late 50s was not released. For this film, Rafi, Asha, Manna Dey, Mubarak Begum and Shamshad had given songs.

His films diminished. Sati Vaishalini-59,Main hoon jaadugar-65 and Tarzan in Fairyland-68 were his last films.
After he stopped work as MD,he devoted his time for the welfare of Cine Artists as a trade union leader. As a Secretary,he served the music Directors Assn. for 30 years.

He died on 27-4-1993 at the age of 75 years.

The cast of the film was Nirupa Roy, Trilok Kapoor, Durga Khote, Ulhas, Sapru etc etc. There were 10 songs in the film. Today’s song is the third song here. It is sung by singer Mohammed Faruqi. In fact today’s song is the last song that he sang to end his singing career.

Mohammed Hussain Farooqi,the singer may not be known to many of our readers.

Mohd.Farooqi was born on 17-8-1915 at jhunjhunu in Rajasthan. He was keen on Music from childhood,but his religious Haji father was against it,as he wanted him to become a Teacher.

In 1945,Farooqi came to Bombay with a letter for Khemchand Prakash(originally from Rajasthan).He stayed in old khar with a friend.After an year KP called him to his house.When Farooqi went there,K.L.Saigal was also sitting there.KP asked him to sing a song.He sang Saigal’s ‘So ja rajkumari so ja’.Saigal was impressed and he was employed by Ranjeet Movietone on a princely monthly salary of 200 rupees.
He got his first break with ‘Chcheen lo Azaadi-1947.His song ‘kamzoronki nahi hai duniya’ was popular with freedom fighters.
He sang 15 songs in 12 movies, all with Bulo.C Rani and Hansraj Behl only. His voice and style became very popular,but he had to return to Rajasthan to look after ailing father and his huge property there. He never came back after 1950 and died on 8-2-1990 peacefully.

Filmography

Chheen le azadi (1947)
Duniyan ek sarai (1947)
Lakhon mein ek (1947)
Pehli pehchan (1947)
Piya ghar aja (1947) Acting only
Neel kamal (1947) Acting only
Bichhde balam (1948)
Jai hanuman (1948)
Mitti ke khilone (1948)
Pardesi mehman (1948)
Bhool bhulaiyan (1949)
Alakh niranjan (1950)

( courtesy- Dr.Surjit Singh ji’s site, with thanks.)

The story of the film shows how Raja Gopichand changes his mindset about the Nath Sampraday, to which his mother also belongs, how he renounces his Throne and how he joins as a Gosavi of the Nath Sampradaya.


Song- Alakh Niranjan Alakh niranjan (Alakh Niranjan)(1950) Singer- Mohd. Farooqi, Lyricist- Manohar Khanna, MD- Premnath
Chorus)

Lyrics

alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan

jai satguru jai dukh bhanjan (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
alakh niranjan alakh niranjan (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan )
alakh niranjan alakh niranjan (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)

o o o o o(alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan
alakh niranjan
)
o sansaari har ko jap le (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
saari uski maaya hai (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
o sansaaari har ko jap le(alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
saari uski maaya hai(alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
wo tera hai tu jan ??ka (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
jisne tujhey banaaya hai(alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
tod de saare jhoothe bandhan (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
alakh niranjan alakh niranjan (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan )
alakh niranjan alakh niranjan (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan

o o o o o o o o(alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
o o o o o o o o(alakh niranjan)
alakh niranjan alakh niranjan (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
alakh niranjan alakh niranjan (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
tujhmein mujhmein yahaan wahaan (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
ghat ghat mein hai wo basa hua(alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
tujhmein mujhmein yahaan wahaan(alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
ghat ghat mein hai wo basa hua(alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
antar ke pat khol ke moorkh apne man mein jhaank zara (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
sukh ka sthaan hai ye tera man (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
alakh niranjan alakh niranjan (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
alakh niranjan alakh niranjan (alakh niranjan alakh niranjan)
alakh niranjan


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3989 Post No. : 15080

Today’s song is from a less known film – ‘Zindagi ke Mele’ (1956). The reason for selecting this song is that it is a duet of Shamshad and Rafi and is composed by my favourite composer Chitragupt – The King of Melody. For this film, his assistant was Dilip Dholakiya.

This was the last film of producer-director KB Lall (1911 – 25.8.1975). The other films he directed were, ‘Lal Haveli’ (1944), ‘Samrat Ashok’ (1947), ‘Lal Dupatta’ (1948), ‘Hanste Aansoo’ (1950) and ‘Angaarey’ (1954).

The cast of this film consisted of Chitra, Jagirdar, Dulari, Chandrashekhar, KN Singh, Kum Kum, Rashid Khan, Jankidas and many others. There were 3 lyricists – Manohar Khanna (father of music director Usha Khanna), Shevan Rizvi and Tanvir Naqvi. Today’s duet is written by Manohar Khanna.

The title of the film ‘Zindagi Ke Mele’ is actually very apt for the film industry. Film Industry is the only association of people which is truly secular from the beginning. Like a mela has all types of people, the film industry too has people from all over India, males and females and even a transgender. All religions merge into One Community – Community of Artistes, in this industry.

The film industry worked like a magnet, from the day it started. People of all religions, regions and colours joined here. Some made their mark, others just came, survived and left. The magnetism of film industry attracted people from all walks of life – doctors, engineers, architects, dentists, teachers, police officers, military persons etc. – all came here to try their Luck. One such person was music director Chitragupt Shrivastav, double MA, lecturer in a Patna College. It is worthwhile to take a  look at his life story again here.

Chitragupt was born on 16-11-1917 at village Karmaini in Gopalganj district of Bihar. He was brought up and educated in Bihar. He was perhaps the most educated composer of his times. He had done double MA in Economics and Journalism from Patna University and also taught for few years. He came to Bombay in 1945 and  having learnt classical music wanted to become a composer. He started as an assistant to SN Tripathi. His first break came in 1946 with ‘Lady Robinhood’, with the help of its director Ramnik Vaidya. Initially he got only stunt and devotional films to do. In 1952, film ‘Sindbad The Sailor’ songs became famous. In 1955, Dada Burman recommended him to AVM for ‘Shiv Bhakta’. This was a landmark film for Chitragupta, because he used Lata for the first time. Later Lata and Chitragupt had very good relations, till the end.

Actually Chitragupt should be counted as No 1 composer who gave very melodious songs to Lata, but this is forgotten because like Madan Mohan, Roshan, S-J, C. Ramchandra or SD Burman, he never got big banner films (at least not very often), which became a reason to discuss only their Lata songs frequently. Chitragupt always got only B and C grade films, which were not famous, but he was in no way less capable of composing good tunes for Lata.

Chitragupt was a very homely family man with a middle class mentality. He had a fun group comprising of  Lata, Usha, Meena, Dilip Dholakiya, Prem Dhawan and Chitragupt. They used to have lot of fun at the home of Chitragupt. Lata liked their food very much. Chitragupt Shrivastav was a Kayastha (‘Lalaji’ as they are called in Bihar ) and their non veg food was excellent.

In the late 1980s, I came in personal contact with Chitragupt, when my close friend’s daughter married his elder son. When Chitragupt learned that I liked ‘sattu ki poori‘ (a Bihari veg dish) very much, he called me to his house and we ate sattu puris and aaloo sabji, to our heart’s content !

His house in Prabhat building on Khar Road, Bombay had a music room on the ground floor, where he composed most of his tunes during 1959 to 1990. During the early 1960s up to 1965, he was so busy with work that – according to his son Anand – at one time 4 lyricists were writing lyrics in his home, Anand Bakshi in the garden, Majrooh in a room, Rajendra Krishna in the music room and Prem Dhawan under a palm tree and Chitragupt would visit one by one to see their progress !!

Chitragupt was such a simple person that when S-J demanded 5 Lakhs per film, he hesitated to ask for 50000 !

He remained a typical gentleman till the end. He was expert in using Bihari folk tunes in his songs. He became the MD of the first Bhojpuri film ‘Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo’ (1962). His main singers remained Lata, Rafi and Mukesh.

As far as singing songs is concerned, it was his hobby. He had sung 29 songs in 16 films in his career. Most songs were for SN Tripathi, who was his guru in film music. He gave music to 149 Hindi films, composing 1036 songs-  from ‘Lady Robinhood’ (1946) to ‘Shiv Ganga’ (1987).

He suffered a heart attack in 1968 and a paralytic stroke in 1974. He died on the 14th of January 1991. His children, Anand and Milind (who can forget their song from QSQT, “Papa Kahate hai Bada Naam Karega” which launched Amir Khan into incredible stardom!), the composer duo have also made an impact on the film world.

One can understand that people in India, with whatever vocation they followed, were attracted to film industry. But even a person with exceptional achievements at international levels, one who represented India 3 times in international games and established records –  he too? Yes, surprisingly one gentleman of this description and calibre, was keen to join films. His name was JANKIDAS MEHRA.

Jankidas was born on 14th June 1916. He completed his MA from Punjab University. He was an athlete and a cycling champion. By the age of 22 years, he represented India in 3 international meets and in 1938 had established a record for 1/2 mile race. He was the first and the only Indian to win the British Empire Games Distinction Medal.

Jankidas was also an author. He wrote and published books like, ‘Mahatma Gandhi In His Own Words’, ‘Extinction of Tasmanian Race’, ‘From Brothel To Victory Stand’, and ‘My Sports Ventures’. He was described as “. . . a rare combination of student, sportsman, idealist, aristocrat and democrat” by Australia’s leading weekly ‘Smith Weekly’, dated 22nd January 1938!

Jankidas was keen to join film industry. His first role was in Pancholi’s ‘Khazanchi’ (1941). On coming to Bombay, he found that his high qualifications and achievements were deterrents for most illiterate producers, to get him roles. Frustrated, he told a lie to a producer that he was illiterate and he got a role in film ‘Her Highness’ (1946), but he was not credited. Disgusted on some friend’s advice, he contacted V Shantaram. Here he got a role in film ‘Jeevan Yatra’ (1946) and ‘Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani’ (1946).

Jankidas went on to do 344 films in his career of 60 years. In the later stage of his career he became India’s first ‘Production Designer’. (Nowadays, this is a very important post in the industry). Jankidas always remembered what his dear friend Dalsukh Pancholi told him, just minutes before his death, he had said, “Jankidas, never put your children in film industry”. Pancholi died on his shoulders in the car itself.

Jankidas expired on 18th June 2003.

Another interesting, but less known actor in this film was Rashid Khan. Senior readers will surely remember this thin, short but talented actor. I always remember his comic role in film ‘Ek Phool Chaar Kaante’ (1960) (by the way, there came a movie ‘Ek Phool Teen Kaante’ in 1997!).

Born on 5-7-1915 at Baroda, Rashid Khan, a Sulemani Muslim, studied upto BA, LLB and came to Bombay to become either an advocate or an actor. Instead he joined All India Radio as an announcer. Balraj Sahni was after him that he should act in their drama, but he initially refused and then joined them. Balraj gave him a break in the film ‘Dharti Ke Laal (1946). Then came ‘Hasrat’ (1946), ‘Gudiya’ (1947), ‘Aaj Aur Kal’ (1947), ‘Anjuman’ (1948), ‘Aarzoo’ (1950), ‘Afsar’ (1950) etc. He acted in total 95 films.

He was a fixture in Navketan films, Guru dutt films and Hrishikesh Mukherjee films. He was loved by all directors and actors. Being a Gujarati, initially he had a problem with Urdu, which he learnt quickly and mastered it.

In 1953, he married one Suraiya. His son Fazal is a photographer and daughter Heena married into Fida Hussain family.

Rashid Khan rarely got long and big roles, but he made his small roles also memorable. He was not typecast. He did roles as villain, comedian and character artiste as father, brother or friend of the hero. While shooting at Famous studio, on 7-11-1972, he got massive heart attack and died while working (just like Gope). (Thanks to Harish Raghuwanshi ji for info on Rashid Khan)

So, here is the duet of Rafi and Shamshad Begum from film ‘Zindagi Ke Mele’ (1956), composed by the King of Melody – Chitragupt.

 

Song – Tu Meri Heroine Main Tera Hero (Zindagi Ke Mele) (1956) Singer – Mohammed Rafi, Shamshad Begum, Lyrics – Manohar Khanna, MD – Chitragupt

Lyrics

tu. . . . . .
meri heroinnn. . .

tu meri heroine
main tera hero
dil hai tumhaara
chaahe kaato chaahe cheero
tu meri heroinnn. . .

main teri heroinnn. . .
main teri heroine
tu mera hero
oyy dil hai tumhaara
chaahe kaato chaahe cheero
ae ji main teri heroinnn. . .

zulfon mein teri
dil mera atka
pyaar ka kaanta
mere dil mein hai khatka
zulfon mein teri
dil mera atka
pyaar ka kaanta
mere dil mein hai khatka
tadpun main tere liye
pal pal chhinn chinn
tadpun main tere liye
pal pal chhinn chinnn
main teri heroinnn. . .
main teri heroine
tu mera hero
arrey tumse kya darr hai
mere hero number zero
ae ji main teri heroinnn. . .

ho oo oo oo oo
holi diwali beeti
beeti hai eid bhi
tu ne na bheji raja
dil ki raseed bhi
tu ne na bheji raja
dil ki raseed raja
dil ki raseed bhi
pyaar ki duniya meri
sooni hai tere bin
pyaar ki duniya meri
sooni hai tere bin
main teri heroinnn. . .
main teri heroine
tu mera hero
tum se kya darr hai
mere hero number zero
haa haa haa
main teri heroinnn. . .

kirkit kabaddi tujhe
haaki khilaaungi
baaksing bataaungi
main kushti sikhaaungi
din mein dikhaaun pyaare taare tujhe gin gin
in mein dikhaaun pyaare taare tujhe gin gin

main teri heroinnn. . .
main teri heroine
tu mera hero
haaaye dil hai tumhaara
chaahe kaato chaahe cheero
hoy main teri heroinnn. . .

———-———————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

तू॰ ॰ ॰ ॰ ॰
मेरी हीरोइन॰॰न॰॰

तू मेरी हीरोइन
मैं तेरा हीरो
दिल है तुम्हारा
चाहे काटो चाहे चीरो
तू मेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰

मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰
मैं तेरी हीरोइन
तू मेरा हीरो
ओय दिल है तुम्हारा
चाहे काटो चाहे चीरो
ए जी मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰

ज़ुल्फों में तेरी
दिल मेरा अटका
प्यार का काँटा
मेरे दिल में खटका
ज़ुल्फों में तेरी
दिल मेरा अटका
प्यार का काँटा
मेरे दिल में खटका
तड़पूँ मैं तेरे लिए
पल पला छिन्न छिन्न
मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰
मैं तेरी हीरोइन
तू मेरा हीरो
अरे तुमसे क्या डर है
मेरे हीरो नंबर ज़ीरो
ए जी मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰

हो ओ ओ ओ ओ
होली दिवाली बीती
बीती है ईद भ
होली दिवाली बीती
बीती है ईद भ
तूने ना भेजी राजा
दिल की रसीद भी
तूने ना भेजी राजा
दिल की रसीद राजा
दिल की रसीद भी
प्यार की दुनिया मेरी
सूनी है तेरे बिन
प्यार की दुनिया मेरी
सूनी है तेरे बिन
मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰
मैं तेरी हीरोइन
तू मेरा हीरो
तुमसे क्या डर है
मेरे हीरो नंबर ज़ीरो
हा हा हा
होय मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰

किरकिट कबड्डी तुझे
हाकी खिलाऊँगी
बाक्सिंग बताऊँगी
मैं कुश्ती सिखाऊँगी
दिन में दिखाऊँ प्यारे तारे तुझे गिन गिन
दिन में दिखाऊँ प्यारे तारे तुझे गिन गिन

मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰
मैं तेरी हीरोइन
तू मेरा हीरो
हाय दिल है तुम्हारा
चाहे काटो चाहे चीरो
होय मैं तेरी हीरोइन॰ ॰ ॰


Look what song I have discovered today ! Here is a song from an old and obscure movie called “Bade Bhaiyya” (1951). It appears a B grade movie starring Suresh, Nirupa Roy, Agha and Yaaqoob.
Read more on this topic…


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