Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Rangi saari gulaabi chunariya re

Posted on: February 24, 2015


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Songs have become an integral part of Hindi films since the advent of talkies in 1931. In the early 1930s, most of the Hindi film songs were influenced by the Hindustani classical ragas. This was understandable as most of the music directors of that period had exposure to Hindustani classical music. However, from the 1940s, songs based on semi-classical genres such as Thumri, Dadra, Khayal and folk music began to playe a predominant role in Hindi film music. The impact of Begum Akhtar on film music was evident as even ghazals were sung in thumri format in the films. At the same period, Kolkata based music directors were greatly influenced by Rabindra Sangeet while composing Hindi and Bengali film songs.

From late 40s through 60s, Hindi film music witnessed a sea change. With the near collapse of Studio system, music directors like Anil Biswas, S D Burman, C Ramchandra etc had become freelancers. Along with them, a new generation of music directors such as Shanker-Jaikishan, O P Nayyar, Roshan, Madan Mohan etc began to composed songs which can be called as filmy genre of music’. These music directors composed songs in all genres of music with orchestration and rhythm playing important roles in the songs. They were well supported by playback singers like Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Dutt, Asha Bhosle, Mohammed Rafi, Manna Dey, Mukesh, Talat Mehmood etc to make their songs popular.

From 1970s onward, the golden period of Hindi film music virtually ended with the emergence of disco, jazz and pop music, elbowing out semi-classical based music. The lyrics of the songs were lost in the louder orchestration in most cases. There was some occasional re-emergence of golden period of Hindi film music in 80s and 90s. The 21st century saw the fusion music in Hindi films led by music directors Pritam, Salim-Suleman, Sajid-Wajid, Shantanu Moitra etc. where musical instruments played major parts rather than the playback singers and lyrics in most of the songs. Of course, there are exceptions.

Whatever changes may have taken place in Hindi film music over a period of time, the influence of Hindustani classical and semi classical music has remained albeit to a lesser extent than before. There are instances of Hindi film songs based on Hindustani classical ragas and on semi classical bandish all these years. In this article, I have confined myself to the bandish (melodic compositions in specific raags) in semi classical music in the genres of Khayal, Thumri and Dadra. An illustrative list of 13 original bandish which have been used in Hindi film songs from 1935 through 2014 is given below:

12.Yaad piya ki aaye, a thumri in Raag Bhairavi sung and composed by Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan.Yaad piya ki aaye, sung by Shobha Gurtu in the film PRAHAR (1991)

S N Original Bandish/Compositions Corresponding Filmy Songs
1. Piya bin chain nahi aawat , a thumri in Raag Jhinjhoti rendered by Ustad Abdul Karim Khan. Piya bin naahi aawat chain sung by K L Saigal in the film DEVDAS (1935).
2. Main waari waari gaaungi preetam pyaare, a Chhota Khayal in Raag Yaman rendered by Ustad Azmat Hussain Khan.

Original bandish was composed by Ustad Vilayat Hussain Khan ‘Pran Priya’ of Agra Gharana.

Ab pyaare pyaare aawenge anand din , a Chhota Khayal in Raag Yaman rendered by Shanta Apte in the film RAJPUT RAMANI (1936)
3. Baat chalat nayi chunari rang daari, thumri sung by Malika Pukhraj recorded in early 40s.

The original bandish was composed by Goswami Lalji Maharaj (Kunwar Shyam).

1. Baat chalati nayi chunari rang daari, sung by Geeta Dutt in the film LADKI (1950).2. Baat chalat nayi chunari rang daari, sung by Mohammed Rafi and Krishnarao Chonkar in the film RANI ROOPMATI (1957).
4. Jhan jhan jhan jhan paayal baaje, thumri in Raag Bhairavi rendered by Ustad Faiyaz Khan of Agra Ghnarana in Raag Nat Bihag who originally composed it.

This composition had also been rendered by Pandit Mallikarjun Mansoor, Master Vasant Amrut of Surat and also by S D Burman (in Bengali).

Jhan jhan jhan jhan paayal baaje, sung by Lata Mangeshkar in the film BUZDIL (1951).
5. Baazooband khul khul jaaye, thumri in Raag Bhairavi rendered by Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan who also composed it. Baazooband khul khul jaaye sung by Lata Mangeshkar in the film BAZOOBAND (1954).
6. Sajan tum kaahe ko neha lagaaye

Thumri rendered in Raag Tilang by Ustad Abdul Karim Khan of Khirana Gharana.

This thumri is also rendered by Indubala Devi, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, Ustad Rashid Khan, among others.

1. Sajan tum kaahe ko neha lagaaye, sung by Asha Bhosle in the film JASOOS (1957, UR).2. Sajan sang kaahe neha lagaaye,

sung by Lata Mangeshkar in the film MAIN NASHE MAIN HOON (1958)

7. Mohe panghat per nandlal chhed liyo re, thumri rendered by Indubala Devi in Raag Gara and records issued sometime in early 193Os.

This bandish was originally composed by Bindadin Maharaj.

Mohe panghat pe nandlal chhed gayo re, sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Chorus in the film MUGHAL-E-AZAM (1960).
8. Banaao batiyaan chalo kaahe ko jhoothi

Thumri in Raag Bhairavi rendered by Ustad Sharafat Hussain Khan.

This Thumri was originally composed by Ustad Faiyaz Khan of Agra Gharana.

arre hato kaahe ko jhoothi banaao batiyan, sung by Manna Dey in the film MANZIL (1960).
9. Phool gendwa na maaro

Thumri rendered by Rasoolan Bai.

Traditional bandish. The name of the original composer is not known.

Phool gendwa na maaro, sung by Manna Dey in the film DHOOJ KA CHAAND (1964)
10. Ka karoon sajani aaye na baalam, a thumri in Raag Sindh Bhairavi composed and rendered by Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan. Kaa karoon sajni aaye na baalam,

sung by Yesudas in the film SWAMI (1977).

11. Ras ke bhare tore nain, thumri in Raag Bhairavi rendered by Siddheshwari Devi.

This thumri was first recorded in the voice of Gauhar Jaan in 1904. Later on, it was rendered by many classical vocalists like Rasoolan Bai, Ustad Barkat Ali Khan, Girija Devi, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, Ustad Rashid Khan.

This is the traditional bandish and the name of the original composer is not known.

Ras ke bhare tore nain sung by Hira Devi Mishra in the film GAMAN (1978).
13. Hamri atariya pe aaja re saanwariya, a Dadra in Raag Bhairavi rendered by Begum Akhtar.

This is a traditional bandish and the name of the original composer is not known.

Hamri atariya pe aaja re saanwariya sung by Rekha Bhardwaj in the film DEDH ISHQIYAAN (2013).

The list is only illustrative and not exhaustive. What the music directors have done in the filmy versions of the traditional bandish is that they have retained the tunes of the original bandish but have molded the songs in filmy style orchestration and by reducing the length of aalaps and taans wherever applicable to make them interesting for the masses. In most cases, the mukhdas have been retained but lyricists have written new lyrics for antaras so as to be in consonance with situations in the films.

Many of the filmy versions of the traditional bandish listed above have already been covered in the Blog. I am presenting a dadra ‘rangi saari gulaabi chunariya re’ from the film GULAAB GANG (2014) which is virtually a replica of a traditional dadra bandish in Raag Pahadi rendered by Shobha Gurtu. The writer-composer of this traditional dadra is not known.

The main feature of the filmy version of the dadra is that it is sung by Madhuri Dixit on herself. Her mother, Snehlata Dixit sings first two lines of the dadra for a old woman playing harmonium after which Madhuri Dixit takes over. At the end, the mukhda is once again rendered by Anupama Raag who sings for Tannishtha Chatterjee. Shaumik Sen, the director of the film is also the music director for 7 out of 8 songs in the film. Anupama Raag is a bureaucrat who is a classically trained singer.

Although the filmy version of the dadra has no comparison with the traditional dadra sung by Shobha Gurtu, Madhuri Dixit has done well in singing the song for the first time in the film.. In her earlier two films, she had merely narrated a part of a song each in ‘Devdas’ (2002) and ‘Aaja Nahle’ (2007). Probably, this may be the first time in Hindi film industry when a mother-daughter combination sang a song for a film.

Enjoy the the filmy version of the song for its novelty. I will also highly recommend to the readers to listen to the traditional version of the dadra rendered by Shobha Gurtu (Jaipur-Atrauli Gharana) and Kaushiki Chakraborty-Desikan (Patilala Gharana) and enjoy the differences in their styles of renditions.

Audio

Video (Partial)

Song-Rangi saari gulaabi chunariya re (Gulaab Gang)(2014) Singers-Madhuri Dixit, Snehlata Dixit, Anupama Raag, MD-Shaumik Sen

Lyrics

rangi saari gulaabi chunariya re
mohe maare najariya saanwariya re
mohe maare najariya saanwariya

hmm
rangi saari gulaabi chunariya re
rangi saari gulaabi chunariya re
mohe maare najariya saanwariya re
mohe maare najariya saanwariya re

rangi saa….ri ee
gulaaabi ee
gulaabi chunariya aa
haa aaa

jaao ji jaao
karo na batiyaan
jaao ji jaao
karo naahin batiyaan
jaao ji jaao
karo na batiyaan
ae ji baali
ae ji baali hai mori umariya re
mohe maare najariya saanwariya re
mohe maare najariya saanwariya re

rangi saari gulaabi chunariya re
rangi saari gulaabi chunariya re
mohe maare najariya saanwariya re
mohe maare najariya saanwariya re
rangi saari
ho ooo
pehni saari gulaabi chunariya re
mohe maare najariya saanwariya re
mohe maare najariya saanwariya re

2 Responses to "Rangi saari gulaabi chunariya re"

Anupama Raag>>Bin Bulaaye Baraati-2011, Mile Na Mile Ham-2011, Zilla Ghaziabad-2013,

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Sadanandji, Atulji
it was my loss to have missed this song when it was posted, i had read the post though
i researched on the singers. Snehalata Dixit – Madhuri’s mom is a singer is a revelation. but the bigger revelation is the other singer in this – Anupama Raag deserves a bigger WOW!!! her lineage is impressive and her bio-data itself is very very awe-inspiring

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