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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Chhalke ras ki gagariya bhaari

Posted on: June 7, 2017


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

In my last two articles, I had discussed about the films of Mehboob Khan (as a producer as well as director) in combination with music director Anil Biswas. In the process of collecting information about the works of Mehboob Khan-Anil Biswas combination, I came across another unique association of Mehboob Khan with cinematographer, Faredoon A Irani. The uniqueness of this association is that all the films which were directed by Mehboob Khan (23 films during 1935-62) had Faredoon Irani as cinematographer.

Faredoon A Irani started his career with the Imperial Films of Ardeshir Irani as an apprentice. After the formation of Sagar Films (later renamed as Sagar Movietone) in 1929 as a subsidiary of Imperial Films, Faredoon Irani along with Mehboob Khan joined the Sagar Films. After the advent of talkies, Faredoon Irani got a chance to work independently as a cinematographer in Hindi film, ‘Bulbul-E-Bagdad’ (1932). The film was appreciated for its photography. At that time. Mehboob Khan was assisting in script writing for some of the initial talkies of Sagar Films besides doing small roles in the films.

Mehboob Khan got his first chance to direct ‘Al Hilal/Judgement of Allah (1935). For his directorial debut film, he chose Faredoon Irani as cinematographer. The association continued uninterrupted until Mehboob Khan’s last film ‘Son of India’ (1962). Faredoon Irani got the first opportunity as cinematographer of India’s first Technicolor film, Aan’ (1952) produced and directed by Mehboob Khan. He got his first Filmfare Award for the Best Cinematography for Mehboob’s ‘Mother India’ (1957).

EK HI RAASTA/THE ONLY WAY (1939) was one of the films from the stable of Sagar Movietone in which the troika of Mehboob Khan-Faredoon Irani-Anil Biswas were associated. The star cast included Sheikh Mukhtar, Arun Ahuja, Anuradha, Harish, Kanhaiyalal, Banbasi, Jyoti, Mohan, Jagdish Rai, Wasker, Ghani etc. It was a debut films for Sheikh Mukhtar, Arun Ahuja and Anuradha (real name, Khursheed). The short synopsis of the story of the film available on Wikipedia and Imdb is as under:

Raja (Arun Ahuja) an orphan, Mangoo (Sheikh Mukhtar), a pickpocket and Vithal (Harish), a taxi driver are friends in a city. Mala (Anuradha) and her father (Ghani) arrive from their village to the same city and stay in the area where three friends stay.

One day, Mala is kidnapped by Banke (Kanhaiyalal) and is sold to a wealthy man. Mala’s father accuses Mangoo of theft and in a fit of anger Mangoo kills him. In the meanwhile, Mala manages to escape from the clutches of wealthy man and take refuge in Raja’s house. Over a period of time, both fall in love. Mala’s step mother does not like Mala staying with Raja. She arranges of marriage Mala her villainous cousin which is rejected by Mala. She continues to stay with Raja.

World War II has started. All the three friends enlist as soldiers. After sometime, all the three friends return from the war. During this period, one of the friends kills a rapist. He is tried in the court and is convicted for the murder.

From the short snippet of the story, two observations may be made. First, probably, this may be the first film which has brought out the concept of live-in relationship. Mala has a step mother. But she prefers to stay with Raja even though they are not husband and wife. Second, the story writer has brought out the differential standard of law for treatment of killing an enemy on the war front vis-à-vis killing an enemy of the society, that is the rapist for which one of the friends get convicted.

The film had 12 songs, none of which has been presented in the Blog. I am presenting the first song ‘chhalke ras ki gagariya bhaari main matwaari panihaari’ sung by Wahidan Bai and Anil Biswas. The song is written by Pandit Indra. I am not sure whether Wahidan Bai had sung the song on herself or gave the playback. I do not find her name in the actor’s list for the film.

One of the features of the song is that Anil Biswas has introduced some innovative orchestration. During the antara part of the song between the verses ‘kyun jhooti baat banaaye’ and ‘ab kaun tumhen samjhaaye’ there is some novelty in the short musical interlude.

With this song, EK HI RAASTA/THE ONLY WAY (1939) makes its debut in the Blog.


Song-Chhalke ras ki gagariya bhaari (Ek Hi Raastaa)(1939) Singers-Wahidan Bai, Anil Biswas, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

chhalke ras ki gagariya bhaari ee
main matwaari panihaari
chhalke ras ki gagariya bhaari ee
main matwaari panihaari
mohe bhool gaye banwaari ee ee
mohe bhool gaye banwaari
kunjan mein kunjbihaari
kunjan mein kunjbihaari
main matwaari panihaari
chhalke ras ki gagariya bhaari ee
main

hai bhara huwa dil sajni
hai bhara huwa dil sajani
kyun jhoothhi baat banaaye
kyun jhoothhi baat banaaye

ab kaun tumhen samjhaaye
ab kaun tumhen samjhaaye
tore gaal laaj se laal
bhaal par bindiya muskaaye
tore gaal laaj se laal
bhaal par bindiya muskaaye

baalam tori nazar na lag jaaye ae
baalam tori nazar na lag jaaye

bholi
ras gholi pyaari
bholi
ras gholi

main matwaari panihaari
chhalke ras ki gagariya bhaari ee
main matwaari panihaari
chhalke ras ki gagariya bhaari ee
main matwaari panihaari
mohe bhool gaye banwaari ee ee
mohe bhool gaye banwaari
kunjan mein kunjbihaari
kunjan mein kunjbihaari
main matwaari panihaari
chhalke ras ki gagariya bhaari ee
main matwaari panihaari

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1 Response to "Chhalke ras ki gagariya bhaari"

Really very unique Anil-da’s innovative orchestration. When you point it out in your article, that is a real exercise in appreciation of good music.
Wah, wah, Kya kehne !

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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