Advertisements

Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Sunder Saaree Phoolon Waali

Posted on: June 12, 2017


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from film ‘Geeta’ (1940), which makes a debut on our Blog. The song is sung by Baby Suman, who too makes a debut here. The lyricist is SK Kalla and the composer is DP Korgaonkar aka K Datta.

When silent films started in India, the types of films that were made were fixed. It started with Mythological stories and ended with Parsee folk fantasy or action films. Slowly and steadily, as the film industry got stabilized with firm studio culture, producers started handling different themes like Historical, Religious, Social etc. Major film companies like Prabhat, Ranjit, Bombay Talkies and New Theatres tried to focus on social issues and social reforms like alcoholism, widow marriage, dowry, untouchability etc. in the films. Till about late 1930s, crime stories did not find patronage from the film makers.

In 1940, the first film to stress and emphasize the bad effects of crime and gambling, through a crime story mixed with social theme was made. This was Circo Productions’ film ‘Geeta’. It was the first ever film, which used the formula “Crime does not pay”. It was the first film in which one actor had done a double role of father and son. It was the first film, in which there was a tussle between a criminal brother and a brother who was on the side of the law. This was also the first film in which the mother testifies in the court against her criminal son, to punish him. This was the first film, in which Durga Khote started acting Mother’s role, bringing her career as a heroine to a close.

This was the beginning of a New Era, but the unsuspecting film industry did not recognise it. In the subsequent years and decades, the principle of “Crime does not pay” was used in several films – like ‘Kismet’ (1943) and ‘Sangram’ (1950). Even the remakes of ‘Geeta’ were made in the 1950s and the 1970s. The theme was used in a number of films.

Till the 40s, double role in films was rare and still a novelty. Actually, the first double role in a Talkie film was in ‘Aawara Shehzada’ (1933). This film was based on the popular Mark Twain novel of 1881 – The Prince and the Pauper. Surprisingly, the first film on this novel was made in India. Hollywood followed much later with Warner Brothers’ film of the same name in 1937. Instead of double role of one actor , they used two actors who were twins- Billy and Bobby Mauch for the two roles. In Hindi ‘Awara Shehzada’, the double role was done by Shahu Modak and the film was directed by Master Vithal, India’s first hero of the talkie films. Later, ‘Raja Aur Rank’ (1968), featuring Mahesh Kumar was made based on this story.

In film ‘Geeta’, Chandramohan was the hero and had done the father and son double role. This was a bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi, and in both versions, Chandramohan was the Hero. Earlier, V Shantaram had given a break to Chandramohan in his film ‘Amrit Manthan’ (1934), which also was a bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi. Chandramohan being a Kashmiri and not knowing Marathi, in the Marathi version, his role of Rajguru was done by Keshavrao Datey.

However. soon Chandramohan picked up fluent Marathi and acted in the bilingual films of Hindi and Marathi like, ‘Jwaala’ (1938), ‘Geeta’ (1940) and ‘Apna Ghar’ (1942). He became the first hindi actor to do roles in Marathi films.

The one line story of the film is “If father is a criminal and influences his son, so too becomes criminal”. In other words ‘parvarish’ or bringing up is important. Chandramohan’s brother’s role in the film was done by Trilok Kapoor. Trilok Kapoor became favourite ‘Mahadev’ of India after his film ‘Har Har Mahadev’ (1950) became a hit all over the country. His role in ‘Geeta’ was that of a sincere and law abiding Public Prosecutor, who in the final scene asks for death sentence for his criminal brother! Shades of this in ‘Deewar’ (1975) – the mother too joins the good brother, becoming a witness against the criminal son.

Durga Khote had done the roles of wife and mother in this film. This was the end of her career as a heroine and start of her character roles, ending her 8 years of being a heroine. Young Chandramohan’s role was done by Anant Marathe. He became an all India famous classical singer in later period. Vatsala Kumthekar played the role of a Kothewali (which she was actually, before joining films). She was Sundari – the prostitute friend of young Mohan. Her younger sister – Lata’s role was done by Ashalata (Mehrunnisa Moosa Bhagat in reality). In real life, she was wife of the composer Anil Biswas in this period.

The real sister of Vatsala Kumthekar was also in this film, but she played a different role in the film. She might be about 12 year old that time. She was Baby Suman. She was also a good singer, being from a singers’ family. She has sung few songs in this film. In absence of information about songs in HFGK, we do not know, which song was sung by whom. From the information I secured, she had sung atleast 2 songs in the film. One was solo (today’s song) and one as a duet with Harish. This Baby Suman was very beautiful. When she grew up and was about 19-20 year old, she was infatuated with composer C Ramchandra. As per CR’s autobiography, once she fell very sick with high fever and started taking CR’s name in stupor. Her sister Vatsala came running to CR telling him that Baby Suman was in deep love with him and was taking his name in high fever stupor. CR suspected this as a trap and refused to get involved telling the fact that he was recently married to his lady love Ratan Thakur (aka Ben) and that he loved his wife. Vatsala was very angry and left cursing him. Later, it seems Suman got married to some rich person and left film line.

In a way film ‘Geeta’ was a landmark film, because it opened up a new genre of crime films mixed with social themes. This was soon followed by film ‘Kismet’ (1943) and later by film ‘Sangram’ (1950). Minoo Katrak was a famous sound recordist in later years of the 60s and 70s. At this time he was a writer and had written the story for this film. Screenplay and direction was by Parshwanath Altekar. This may be a new name to most readers. Here is his brief bio sketch adapted from the book ‘The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema’….

 

Parshwanath Yeshwant Altekar (1897-1957) – Mainly Marathi director born in Kharepatan, Ratnagiri. Also worked in Hindi, Tamil and Kannada cinema. Educated in Kolhapur and obtained arts degree from Wellington College in Sangli. Studied law in Bombay but turned to the theatre, acting in the first play he directed, ‘Rajsanyas’, in 1922. Marathi writer Mama Warerkar influenced Altekar’s theatrical work as well as his shift to films, later providing songs and dialogues for the director’s ‘Geeta’. Film début in Joshi’s ‘Prithvi Vallabh’.

The following year (1925) he joined the United Pics. Syndicate where he played a series of major roles in Maratha historicals: Hansaji in ​Sarpotdar’s Chandrarao More and the title role in Chhatrapati Sambhaji (Altekar later remade the film in Marathi with Master Vithal). Acted in and was associated with the making of Sarpotdar’s seminal realist experiment Maharachi Por (1925), conjoining film, journalism and the avant garde theatre movement, a mix that later culminated in the work of the Natyamanwantar group. Also played the role of Prithviraj in Deccan’s Prabhavati. Joined the ​Pendharkar brothers’ Vande Mataram Films, acting in and, according to some sources, helping to direct their controversial Vande Mataram Ashram. Turned director at United Pics with the mythological ‘Jugari Dharma’, also playing the role of Bhim.

In 1928, he went to Imperial Films, making four films, e.g. ‘Jagadguru Shrimad Shankaracharya’, which featured his future theatre associate K. Narayan Kale as actor, and ‘Gori Bala’, scripted by Warerkar. Worked for Torney’s Saraswati Cinetone (1933) while continuing his work in the theatre with Radio Stars and the Natyamanwantar group. Directed the first Kannada sound feature, ​Bhakta Dhruva, from a Ratnavali Theatre play. After a stint at Master Vinayak’s Huns Pics (e.g. the Khandekar script ‘Sukhacha Shodh’) and CIRCO Films (‘Geeta’, featuring Chandramohan in a double role; ​Mahatma Vidur with Vishnupant Pagnis and Durga Khote), he became an independent producer with his own Natraj Cinetone partnered by Durga Khote, Govindrao Tembe, Mubarak et al., making the important Tembe-Khote musical ‘Savangad’i. Made three Tamil films (‘Parvati Kalyanam’, ‘Pati Bhakti’, ‘Bhishma Pratigna’, all 1936).

Started a theatre training school (1938) and soon stopped making films, devoting his energies to theatre work. His films often continued his experiments with naturalist theatre for Natyamanwantar, Radio Stars and his repertory National Theatre Academy, for which he wrote several essays on the theory of stage performance in the Marathi journal Yashwant (e.g. Rangabhoomichi Avashyakta Kay in December 1942; Udyacha Nat and Udyachi Rangabhoomi in November 1943).

FILMOGRAPHY (* only act/ also act): 1924: Prithvi Vallabh*; 1925: Maharachi Por*; Chandrarao More*; Chhatrapati Sambhaji*; Kangal Qaidi*; Mulraj Solanki*; Prabhavati*; Saurashtra Veer*; 1926: Vande Mataram Ashram*; 1927: Jugari Dharma;1928 : Jagadguru Shrimad Shankaracharya; 1929: Vasal Ni Raat; Gori Bala; 1931: Janma Haq (all St); 1934: Bhakta Dhruva; Vasavadatta; Chhatrapati Sambhaji; 1936: Parvati Kalyanam; Pati Bhakti; Bhishma Pratigna; 1937: Begunah*; 1938: Savangadi/ Saathi; 1939: Sukhacha Shodh/Mera? Haq; 1940: Geeta; 1943: Mahatma Vidur; 1952: Chhatrapati Shivaji*; 1953: Maisaheb*.

Film ‘Geeta’ was remade as ‘Ustad’ in 1957 and again as ‘Karmayogi’ in 1978. In ‘Ustad’ (1957), Ashok kumar did the father-son double role and in ‘Karmayogi’ (1978), Raajkumar did it. I saw film ‘Geeta’ in 1960, when it came to a Hyderabad Theatre for a morning show. Even then it ran for 20 days, everyday at 11 am show. The story of film ‘Geeta’, in brief, is…

Shankar (Chandramohan) and Durga (Durga Khote) are poor but a happy family with son Mohan. Durga is very religious and follows the guidelines of Bhagwad Geeta. Shankar is a practical man. Fed up with poverty and the treatment of society to poor people, Shankar angrily leaves house, taking Mohan with him. Durga is pregnant with another child due anytime. After few days, she delivers a son – Kumar.

While Shankar becomes a crook and makes Mohan also a crook, Durga brings up Kumar as a pious, law abiding person as per the teachings of Bhagvad Geeta. Kumar becomes a lawyer and then the public prosecutor. Meanwhile Shankar is arrested for a murder and sentenced with death penalty. The day he is hanged, Mohan takes over his criminal empire. Mohan also has a friend who is a nautch girl – Sundari (Vatsala Kumthekar). He goes on getting spoiled more and more. One day he too is arrested for murder and a case stands in the court.

His own younger brother is against him now as a public prosecutor. Durga meets Mohan in jail. Now Mohan repents, but it is too late. Durga also testifies against her son Mohan. Due to the skill of Kumar, Mohan is given death sentence. Good wins over evil. Crime does not pay is proved. (634)

The film has 10 songs, but none is available on You Tube. Our own Sudhir ji came to my help and made today’s song available from his collection. Thank you, Sudhir ji. Listen to this song in the voice of Baby Suman. . .


Song – Sunder Saaree Phoolon Waali (Geeta) (1940) Singer – Baby Suman, Lyrics – SK Kalla, MD – DP Korgaonkar (aka K Datta)

Lyrics

sunder saari phoolon waali

sunder saari phoolon waali
lata odh kar ho matwaali
lata odh kar ho matwaali
sunder saari phoolon waali
sunder saari phoolon waali
lata odh kar ho matwaali
lata odh kar ho matwaali

ban jaaun main
radha rani
ban jaaun main
radha rani
baandh ke saaree
ghunghat waali
baandh ke saaree
ghunghat waali
ban jaaun main
radha rani
ban jaaun main
radha rani
baandh ke saaree
ghunghat waali
baandh ke saaree
ghunghat waali

hari hari har daali
hari hari har daali
maala albeli pehne waali
hari hari har daali
maala albeli pehne waali
sunder saari phoolon waali
sunder saari phoolon waali

sunder saari phoolon waali
sunder saari phoolon waali
lata odh kar ho matwaali
lata odh kar ho matwaali
sunder saari phoolon waali
sunder saari phoolon waali

ha ha ha haa haa haa
ha ha ha haa haa haa
ha ha ha haa haa haa

sunder saari phoolon waali
lata odh kar ho matwaali
sunder saari. . .

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

सुंदर साड़ी फूलों वाली

सुंदर साड़ी फूलों वाली
लता ओढ़ कर हो मतवाली
लता ओढ़ कर हो मतवाली

बन जाऊँ मैं
राधा रानी
बन जाऊँ मैं
राधा रानी
बांध के साड़ी
घूँघट वाली
बांध के साड़ी
घूँघट वाली
बन जाऊँ मैं
राधा रानी
बन जाऊँ मैं
राधा रानी
बांध के साड़ी
घूँघट वाली
बांध के साड़ी
घूँघट वाली

हरी हरी हर डाली
हरी हरी हर डाली
माला अलबेली पहने वाली
हरी हरी हर डाली
माला अलबेली पहने वाली

सुंदर साड़ी फूलों वाली
सुंदर साड़ी फूलों वाली
लता ओढ़ कर हो मतवाली
लता ओढ़ कर हो मतवाली
सुंदर साड़ी फूलों वाली
सुंदर साड़ी फूलों वाली

हा हा हा हाss हाss हाss
हा हा हा हाss हाss हाss
हा हा हा हाss हाss हाss

सुंदर साड़ी फूलों वाली
लता ओढ़ कर हो मतवाली
सुंदर साड़ी॰ ॰ ॰

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Advertisements

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2017) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where "new" songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than eight years. This blog has over 13300 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3200 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

13351

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1012
Total Number of movies covered =3703

Total visits so far

  • 9,400,423 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2,075 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Archives

Current Visitors

visitors whereabouts

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory

blogadda

Stumble

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008 Active for 3000 days.
%d bloggers like this: