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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Hey Shankar pralayankar

Posted on: July 31, 2017


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s(31 july 2017) Monday song is ” Hey Shankar Pralayankar ” by Mohd. Rafi from the film HANUMAN PATAAL VIJAY-1951. The film was made by Basant Pictures of Homi Wadia. The producer and director was also Homi Wadia-the younger of the Wadia Brothers- and the music was by S N Tripathi.

From the day films started getting made in India, in the silent film era, the Religious and Mythological stories were used to make films. The simple reason was Indian audience was well versed in such stories from Puranas, Ramayan or Mahabharat, from generations, all over the country. This was a common thread between various states of india. Thus, even when Talkie films started, initially, many such films were made in almost all languages. Actually, such Mythological films were a guarantee to recover the invested money and a handsome profit too !

When the influence of social films increased in the 40’s decade, religious films were made less, but it is worth noting that the most popular Religious Films ever, like Ramrajya, Bharat Milap and Har Har Mahadev etc were made during this period only.

The Best and the Golden period for Religious films was the 50’s decade- 1951 to 1960. In these 10 years, as many as 124 Religious and Mythological films were made. This works out to an average of ONE film EVERY MONTH for 10 continuous years. Later on, however, making of such films tapered consistently and nowadays, Religious and Mythological stories can only be seen on Home Television.

From childhood, I developed a religious mindset, but my father ensured to impress on me that Religion is strictly a personal matter and one must decide how much importance one should give to Religion in one’s life. I have followed this principle till today and I treat all religions with same reverence. Excess or exhibition of Religion must be avoided. This is my opinion.

What is the difference between Religious and Mythological films ? Are they same ? No, there is a difference. Films based on stories from Puranas ( which is a mix of imagination and History in symbolic way) are Mythological Films. Examples are ‘ Ganga Maiyya’ or ” Ram Hanuman Yuddha ” or ” Ram Rajya ” etc. Films based on Bhakti or Upasana , involving Historical stories,persons or happenings are Religious films. Examples are ” Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu”, ” Sant Tukaram” or ‘ Mahatma Kabeer’ etc.

Film ” Hanuman Pataal Vijay-51″ is a Mythological film. It is taken from Vishnu Puran. Valmiki Ramayan also mentions it. The film tells the story how Hanuman saved the brothers Ram and Laxman from the Pataal kingdom of Ahi Ravan- brother of Lankesh Ravan. The cast of the film was Mahipal, Meena Kumari, Niranjan Sharma( like Jeevan as Narada, he was a regular Ravan), Shanta Kunwar, S N Tripathi, Dalpat, Rajni ( she was the daughter of Bhudo Advani’s brother) etc etc.

Don’t be surprised by seeing the Music Director’s name in the cast. Yes he is the same person. Tripathi was not an occasional actor, but a regular one. As a Music Director, Tripathi gave music to 107 films, composing 863 songs therein. He was an All rounder. He was a story writer, composer, Producer, Director and an Actor. He even sang 13 songs in 7 films, in his early career. Tripathi directed 18 films and acted in as many as 83 films !

Though his music was good, he remained branded as a Mythological, Religious, costume and fantasy film composer. Rarely he got any social film as a MD. Even as a Director he directed only 5 Social films. His role as Hanuman in Mythological films was popular. In films where mahipal was doing Ram’s role, Tripathi used to be the Hanuman. These were mostly Wadia films. Prakash Pictures also produced Mythological films, their films never gave importance to Hanuman. Some unknown actor was used for that role. Basant Pictures gave importance to Hanuman and Tripathi was fixed for it.

Wadia’s action, costume and fantasy films were very popular in the Middle East and Pakistan. When they made ” Rambhakta Hanuman”- in 1948, they had a problem. Partition had taken place and Pakistan was a New Muslim country. Wadia’s were worried if this Mythological film would be received well there. The major role of Hanuman was done by S N Tripathi. How to export this Hindu religious film in Muslim countries like Pakistan and the Middle East, was a major problem. A simple trick solved this problem. Wadias changed the title of this film copy for Export and it was named ” Udta Bandar ” (उडता बंदर ). With this new title the film became a Hit in that Territory !

Meena kumari acted as a Goddess in few mythological films, before she shifted to social films after the unprecedented success of film Baiju Bawra-52. She went on to become an A-1 grade actress in Hindi films, but her earlier Hero Mahipal remained a B grade actor till the end. may be that is the difference of Talents and Luck !

The story of the film ‘ Hanuman Pataal Vijay was-

Chandrasena, the beautiful princess of Naag Lok was kidnapped by Ahi Ravan, the king of Pataal Lok. Ahi Ravan- the brother of lankesh Ravan, his brother mahi Ravan and wife Mahadevi try very hard but Chandrasena, being a staunch Ram Bhakta, does not bow to them.

When Ram-Ravan yuddha started and Ravan’s son Indrajit was killed, he called his brother Ahi Ravan for help. He devised a plan to kidnap Ram-Laxman and sacrifice them to Goddess Chandi in Pataal Lok. Coming to know of this, Hanuman is kept as a guard for Ram-Laxman. However Ahi Ravan comes in the guise of Bibhishan and cheats Hanuman. He kidnaps the brothers and goes to Pataal Lok. Hanuman comes to know this and reaches Pataal Lok. There he is stopped by a guard named Makardhwaj, who claims to be the son of Hanuman and Makara in the sea. Hanuman defeats him easily, goes inside and tries to take away the unconscious brothers. The army of Ahi Ravan fights with him. In this battle Hanuman kills both Ahi Ravan and Mahi Ravan. But they become alive again and again.

Hanuman is perplexed.He contacts Chandrasena who knows the secret. On a condition that Hanuman will bring ShriRama to her for marriage, she is ready to tell the secret. He agrees. There are Bees who bring nectar for Ahi and Mahi Ravan for their immortality. Hanuman starts killing the Bees. One Bee tells him that Ahi Ravan will die only if 5 candles in different directions have to be blown off same time to kill him. Hanuman saves her life but asks her to knaw the Bed legs in Chandrasena’s room just before Ram comes there.

Accordingly Hanuman becomes Panchmukhi , blows the candles and Ahi and Mahi Ravan are dead.

Shri Ram visits Chandrasena with a condition that he should not be asked to sit on the floor. He is asked to sit on bed, which breaks easily and Ram is on the floor. Ram then tells her, he can not marry her , but he will marry her in Krishna Janma.
Thus Hanuman achieves vijay in Pataal.

This story is a mix of Valmiki Ramayan and Krittivasi Ramayan by Krittihas Ojha of 15th century and published in 1834 AD. As per Aditya kavi’s telugu ‘Ahi Ravan Charitra” in the 16th century, both Ahi Ravan and mahi Ravan were same person with 2 names. Ahi means Sthaan (place) and Mahi means Earth bottom. Thus Ahi/Mahi Ravan was the king of Pataal ( below Earth).

There was also a film in Telugu, “Mahi Ravan”in 1940 and V Jaggiah had done the main role.

Let us now enjoy this Bhajan by Mohammed Rafi……


Song-Hey Shankar pralayankar (Hanuman Paataal Vijay)(1951) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-B D Mishra, MD-S N Tripathi

Lyrics

hey shankar pralayankar
raakho mohe apni sharan
hey shankar pralayankar
raakho mohe apni sharan
hey shankar

saaje ?? vibhuti
saaje gal mund maal
baaje damroo dam dam
gaaje sav gan vishaal
aao hey mahaakaal
jaago hey kaamdahan
aao hey mahaakaal
jaago hey kaamdahan
hey shankar pralayankar
raakho mohe apni sharan
hey shankar

dhadhhak rahi mrityu jwaal
umad chali rakt dhaar
dhah dhah girta hai durg
dagmag hai raaj dwaar
dhadhhak rahi mrityu jwaal
umad chali rakt dhaar
dhah dhah girta hai durg
dagmag hai raaj dwaar
aao hey vishwanaath
shankar aanand karan
aao hey vishwanaath
shankar aanand karan
hey shankar pralayankar
raakho mohe apni sharan
hey shankar

mangalmay roop dhharo
mere sab paap haro
mangalmay roop dhharo
mere sab paap haro
aao hey mahaashakti
praanon mein shakti bharo
aao hey mahaashakti
praanon mein shakti bharo
pragato hey gangaadhar
jaago
jaago hey ??dahan
jaago
jaago
jaago

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2 Responses to "Hey Shankar pralayankar"

Arunsaab enjoyed this blog as usual , I was wondering any sight I can watch this celebrated film

Very nice song, Arunji.

Never heard it before – but just listening to Rafisaab’s rendition gives a special feeling. This was 1951 – looks like it was a trailer for the Baiju Bawra (1952) songs. 🙂

The story sounds very interesting. I am not familiar with this mythological angle at all. The interesting thing is the twists in these stories.

Also good to read the distinction you’ve made between religious and mythological films. Often people mix them up.

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