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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Din hain bahaar ke aaye

Posted on: November 26, 2017


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Hamrahi-45, a remake of Bangla film ‘Udayer Pathey’-44, made by New Theatres, Calcutta and a maiden Directorial Debut by Bimal Roy, both for Bangla and Hindi.

This film was clearly based on Leftist Philosophy, wherein the oppressed classes are up against the richer classes. Bengal has always been a hub of political activities. Bangla people breathe in and breathe out politics. Every Bengalee is perpetually against the establishment, be it a Capitalist or even their own Government. No wonder the Left Front Ruled West Bengal from 1977 to 2011 and then collapsed due to their own people !

Story of this film was written by Jyotirmoy Roy, who later married the Heroine of this film, Binota Bose ( and restricted her work only to Bangla films wherein he was associated some way). He also wrote the dialogues. The lyrics were by Munshi Zakir Hussain. Two Bangla songs remained in the Hindi version also.Both were written by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. One of them was “Jana Gana Mana “, which became our National Anthem after Independence. This is already discussed in the Blog. The other Bangla song is sung by Hemant Kumar and Binota Bose.

The cast of the Bangla and Hindi versions was almost same, except few actors who replaced the Bangla actors. These were Bhupendra Kapoor,Hiralal,Deen Dayal Luthra and Ramesh Sinha. The lead pair of Radha Mohan Bhattacharya and Binota Bose was the same in both versions. Other cast included Tulsi Chakravarty,Meera Datta, Maya Bose, Manorama etc etc. Music was by the great Raichand Boral in both versions.

Binota Bose Roy proved to be a one film wonder in Hindi films, though she sang songs in films Wapas-43 ( 3 songs ) and Hamrahi-45. Binota Basu was born in a Brahma family in 1925 on Kojagari Lakshmi Purnima Tithi and was therefore called Lakshmi. Her father Satya Sundar Basu was an advocate in Patna High court. Binota was one of his six daughters.

Satya Sundar was a lawyer by profession but his music was his first love and after court hours his routine was to sing and play musical instruments like the Sitar, the organ and many others. Binota’s mother was a good singer too. So Binota had music in her blood and she entered films as a playback artiste in Dikshul (1943).

Raichand Boral had introduced her to Pankaj Kumar Mallick, the music director of the film. This happened after the family shifted to Calcutta. While in Calcutta, Binota along with her sisters came in close touch with cousin Chinmohan Sehanbish , who in turn introduced them to the legendary Debabrata Biswas from whom Binota got some early training in music. Under Raichand Boral’s guidance her first major success was in Wapas (1943), where she sang “Albela Mastana”, “Jeevan Hai Bekar” and “Bhool Na Jana”. All the songs became popular.

The next year Binota became a star with her acting and singing in Bimal Roy’s Udayer Pathey (1944) and with the Hindi version Humrahi got an all India exposure. Her popularity touched the sky but soon she got married to Jyotirmoy Roy, who had written the story of Udayer Pathey.
After marriage she was allowed to work mostly in films associated with her husband. These included Abhijatri (1947), Diner Parey Din (1949), Shankhabani (1951), Nagardola (1956), Taka Ana Pai (1956), Kancha Mithhey (1957).In Abhijatri she was paired with her first hero Radhamohan Bhattacharya again.

After her husband’s death in 1961 she withdrew from the film world but came back later to give memorable performances as character artiste in Tapan Sinha’s Jatugriha (1964), Mrinal Sen’s Calcutta 71 (1971), Chhayateer (1972) and finally Hangsharaj (1976). She won the best actress and best supporting actress awards from the prestigious Bengal Film Journalists’ Association a number of times. Binota Roy was inspired to write by her writer husband. She is credited with several short stories which were published in popular Bengali magazines. A collection of her stories was first published as a book titled Mayamukur in 1964. Binota Roy died on the twenty eighth day of July, 1978 and was survived by sons Ramya and Samya and daughter Suchita.( adapted from Dr. J.P.Guha, with thanks.)

With this film, the great Bimal Roy made his debut as an independent Director. A lot has been written on him, so here is a short synopsis of his life. Bimal Roy was one of the greatest ever directors of Indian cinema. In his films we see a romantic idealist to whom any form of exploitation – social, religious or economic was unacceptable. He is particularly noted for his realistic and socialistic films like Do Bigha Zamin, Parineeta, Biraj Bahu, Madhumati, Sujata, and Bandini, making him an important director of Hindi cinema. He won a number of awards throughout his career, including eleven Filmfare Awards ( 7 for Best Director and 4 for Best film), 6 National Film Awards, and the International Prize of the Cannes Film Festival.

Born on 12-7-1909 , Bimal Roy came from a well to do Bengali family and entered films as a cameraman with New Theatres Pvt. Ltd. where he photographed films like “Devdas” (1935) and “Mukti” (1937). His first film as Director was “Udayer Pathey” (1944) in Bengali. The film was a big critical success.

Bimalda migrated to Bombay after the collapse of New Theatres. His first film there was “Maa” (1952) for Bombay Talkies. He then formed his own production unit and made his breakthrough film, “Do Bigha Zamin” (1953). It was both a commercial success and a critical success, winning an International Prize at the 1954 Cannes Film Festival. The film’s success paved the way for the Indian New Wave cinema. This followed three adaptations of Sarat Chandra Chatterjee, “Parineeta” (1953), “Biraj Bahu” (1954) and “Devdas” (1955). In between Bimalda also directed the emotional “Baap Beti” (1954) and the sensitive “Naukri” (1954). He always preferred either Salil Chaudhari or S D Burman as his Music Directors.

Bimalda’s last production before he died was “Benazir” (1964) directed by S Khalil. He was working on a project to star Dharmendra and Sharmila Tagore when he passed away on 8-1-1-1966 after a long illness.

The story of film Hamrahi was….

Anup(Radhamohan Bhattacharya) is a poor literary man. Sumitra( Rekha Mitra) is his sister. . A rich friend of Sumitra, Gopa ( Binta Bose), invites her to a party at her house. Sumitra had to come back from her friends house with the stigma of a thief. Anup sees his editor friend. The friend gives Anup a tip for a job. Anup takes it and accepts the job of a publicity officer under Rajendranath, a millionaire. Anup has to write speeches for Rajendranath( Ramesh Sinha), the very first of which brings him great acclaims.

Rajendranath craves for more fame and name. Anup meets Gopa at Rajendranath’s library while writing a speech. He learns that Gopa belongs to the house where his sister Sumitra was insulted. He leaves the job then and there. Rajendranath cannot do without Anup. He sees Anup at his house and somehow manages to get him back to write a presidential speech for him. He also promises to publish Anup’s forthcoming novel and takes the manuscript from him. Gopa sees the manuscript and starts reading it half heartedly but by the time she finishes the manuscript she is over-whelmed. She feels a deep sense of respect for the authour Anup. The novel deals with the lives of the workers and their problems in life. Gopa becomes deeply interested in the subject. She visits workers cottages in the bustees with Anup, and see things first-hand. She feels herself a stranger amongst the labourers but feels that Anup belongs to them. He is one of them.

Gopa attends labour meetings incognito. Rajendranath comes to know about Gopa’s recent movements and is worried. Meantime, he publishes Anup’s novel claiming the authorship for himself. Gopa gets the shock of her life at Rajen’s conduct. Rajendranath receives great ovations from all sides for writing such a masterly novel. The day of the big labour meeting. Gopa, while passing by the library hears her brother speaking on the phone. Rajen is instructing Ambika a man of the mill, to break the meeting, even at the cost of physical injury to Anup the leader. Gopa rushes to the meeting site. She reaches just a bit too late. Anup is assaulted. He is lying on the ground bleeding profusely. Gopa with tears in her eyes kneels down and tries to get back Anup to consciousness. While she is busy rendering first aid to Anup, Rajen appears on the scene and takes Gopa back home by force.

Next morning News papers flash the news about the dispersed labour meeting. Gopa gets headliness as the millionaires daughter siding with the workers cause. The drama in the life of Gopa takes quick and peculiar turns. she forsakes her pride of birth and wealth and goes with Anup to fight for the down-trodden millions.

The last scene of the film shows Anup and Gopa walk towards the rising Sun, hoping to start a new life together, while her father Rajendranath watches them with wet eyes, from his balcony !

In the film’s remake Naya Zamana-1971, Dharmendra and Hema Malini leave the house in millionaire father Ashok kumar’s Limousine. Satyajit Ray in his version of this film, Mahanagar-1963, shows Hero and Heroine walk out and merge into the moving crowd outside.

True to the cinematic branding of actors, Hamrahi Hero Radha Mohan Bhattacharya who played the incorruptible ‘Bhadralok’Hero Anup, repeated his role in Kabuliwala-56 (Bangla film) and Akaler Sandhaney-80. Hamrahi-45 writer Jyotirmoy Roy was an IPTA worker. He was honoured by IPTA for his dialogues of the film, which depicted the Bengali melodrama between inherited and earned wealth.
The film had 7 songs. Today’s song is the 4th song to be posted.

(some of the information used here is from Ency.of Ind.Cinema by Ashish and Paul, with thanks.)


Song-Din hain bahaar ke aaye (Hamraahi)(1945) Singer-Binota Bose, Lyrics-Zakir Hussain, MD-R C Boral

Lyrics

bahaar ke din aaye
din hain bahaar ke aaye
ik naya
ik naya sandesa laaye ae

jhoome hai daali daali
hanste hain phool bhi khil ke ae ae
jhoome hai daali daali
hanste hain phool bhi khil ke
rut badal gayi gulshan ki
purva
purva ban mein lahraaye
rut badal gayi gulshan ki
purva ban mein lahraaye

ranj-o-gham dil ke saare ae ae
ranj-o-gham dil ke saare ae
kya jaane kahaan sidhaare ae
ranj-o-gham dil ke saare ae ae
kya jaane kahaan sidhaare
van jhoome man bhi jhoome
khud apni kahi bhulaaye
din hain bahaar ke aaye
ik naya sandesa laaye

tanhaai mein chupke chupke
tanhaai mein chupke chupke
pardesi preetam se ae ae ae
pardesi preetam se
birha ki bechain kahaani
jaa ke kaun sunaaye ae ae
birha ki bechain kahaani
jaa ke kaun sunaaye ae
sunaaye ae
din hain bahaar ke aaye
ek naya sandesa laaye ae
din hain bahaar ke aaye

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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