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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Akbar mahabali ki jai ho

Posted on: July 27, 2018


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3661 Post No. : 14529

From the title of the film, it looks like a Historical film. However, genuine Historical films are rare in our country. Historical titles are used to actually showcase a Love story. It is generally a song, dance, love, sacrifice film, culminating into a Tragic or a happy ending. Films which are true to its historical content have hardly been made here. Of course, we can not blame the producers or the film makers. They make what sells !

We come to the old question, whether the reel life depicts the real life or real life copies the reel life ? This is a question similar to another age old question, What came first-the egg or the Hen ? Looking around today at the younger generation, I feel that nowadays the real life is following-nay, copying the reel life very much. Earlier, it was only following the fashion shown in the films-like dress or ornaments etc- by the audience, but now the lingo,dress,morals,methods and philosophy of the films are being followed blatantly. Some may feel that being an old person, I may be feeling that way, but what I read in papers, see on TV, and experience on the social media, it is exactly what I have said and felt. Today’s generation is frighteningly influenced by films and TV. So be it. The main point of contention was that real or realistic historical films are very rare.

Many film makers ( like Shantaram or Mehboob) took the risk of making films on social evils, but no one dared to make a historical film with pure historical content. The reason may be that the public emotions about history are stronger than social reforms and ithere is a great risk of inviting violent troubles from those who think otherwise !

I have not seen the film, Shahenshah Akbar-43, but obviously, it was a ” run of the mill” film, since there are no reports of it being a ‘different’ film. 1943 was an year in which Milestone films like Kismat and Ram Rajya were released. The Indian audience was savouring its music and contents. Shantaram’s Rajkamal Chitramandir released its First film ” Shakuntala “. K L Saigal’s film ” Tansen ” had mesmerised Indians. Nargis appeared first time as a Heroine in ” Taqdeer “, opposite Motilal. The Calcutta giant New Theatres released 3 Hindi films, Jawab, Kashinath and Hospital in 1943. Other big studios like Bombay Talkies, Prabhat, Ranjit, Prakash, Circo, Kardar productions, Mehboob studios, Sunrise, basant Pictures, Navyug, Mohan Pictures, Minerva, Amar pictures and many others with B and C grade films were active in 1943. Naushad with 3 films and C Ramchandra with 5 films were competing with each others in 1943.In all this competition, Shahenshah Akbar was lost, inspite of having an impressive star cast of Kumar, Vanmala.Rampyari, Husn Bano, K N Singh, Prakash, Azuri, Bikram Kapoor, Leela mishra etc etc.

Vanmala was one of those actresses, who not only came from a very respectable Royal family, but was also a highly educated person. In those days, these two things were valued highly. Veteran Marathi and Hindi actress Vanamala will always be associated with her roles in the landmark films, Sikandar (1941) opposite Prithviraj Kapoor and in particular the title role in Shyamchi Aai (1953), the first film ever to win the Best Film Award when the National Awards were instituted for Indian Cinema in 1954.

Vanamala was born Susheela Devi Pawar on 23-5- 1915. Her father Lt.Col. Rao Bahadur Bapu Rao Pawar was a Minister in Gwalior state. Vanmala grew up in the Royal palace with Princess Kamla Devi. Vanmala graduated from Agra University in 1935 and did her B.T. from Bombay University in 1937.

She began her career in the late 1930s following her graduation and having become a teacher in Pune’s Camp Education Society. Vanamala entered films at a time when it was considered taboo for women from respectable families to work in films though women like Devika Rani and Durga Khote had started working in films by then. It was V.Shantaram who encouraged her to come into the film industry as an actress. Her first film was a Marathi film ” Lapandav”. Pricipal Acharya Atre became very friendly with her and brought her to Hindi films. Vanmala had unusual Brown eyes. Hindi film industry had only two actresses with Brown eyes. One was Vanmala and the other was Ragini, who migrated to Pakistan, after partition.

Vanamala acted in both Hindi and Marathi Cinema. Among her Hindi films, Vanamala will always be best remembered for Sohrab Modi’s historical Sikandar and Sharbati Ankhen (1945), directed by Ramchandra Thakur for Wadia Movietone. In the former she played Alexander the Great’s love interest, a Persian woman, Rukhsana, who fearing for Alexander’s life extracts a promise from Porus that he will not harm Sikandar. Vanamala made a major impact in her role, her beauty coupled with her light-coloured lively eyes taking the audiences breath away. The film itself was a spectacle – its lavish mounting, huge sets and production values equalling the best of Hollywood then particularly its rousing and spectacular battle scenes. It was rated by a British writer as, “…well up to the standard of that old masterpiece The Birth of a Nation.”

In Sharbati Ankhen, her Brown eyes were again used to mesmerising effect, the film so aptly titled one feels, after her! The film has some of the earliest songs sung by Mohammed Rafi in his career includingPyaar Karna hi Padega and Bahut Mukhtasar Hai Humari Kahani. The music for the film was done by Feroz Nizami who went on to compose unforgettable music in a hat-trick of films with the great Noor Jehan (Jugnu (1947) in India and Chan Wey (Punjabi) (1951) and Dopatta (1952) in Pakistan).

However, the one role that undoubtedly immortalized Vanamala forever was the title role in the National Award winning Marathi film, Shyam chi Aai-1953, directed by PK Atre. The film, regarded as a cult classic today, is based on one of the most influential Marathi novels of the 20th century (1935), a fictionalised account of the childhood years of Sane Guruji (1899 – 1950). A nationalist influenced by Vinoba Bhave and especially Gandhiji, he was imprisoned repeatedly for his work among the peasantry and participation in the Quit India agitations. His book Shyamchi Aai, written in jail, has 45 episodes in which Shyam, a youth living in poverty in Konkan, recalls the teachings of his mother, a devoutly religious person with an earthy and practical philosophy. The hit film has remained a generic landmark in Marathi Cinema and especially so for Vanamala’s maternal prototype. Actor Madhav Vaze, who played the role of her son Shyam in Shyamchi Aai, recalls Vanamala as a woman of few words. “Her actions spoke for her. She was well-educated and a cultured woman who belonged to a noble family from Gwalior,” he said.

Some other films that Vanamala acted in include Payachi Dasi (Marathi)/ Charnon ki Dasi (Hindi) (1941), Vasantasena (1942), Dil ki Baat (1944), Hatim Tai (1947), Beete Din (1947) and Shree Ram Bharat Milap (1965). In all, she did 25 Hindi films. She sang 24 songs in 5 films in her career. For some time she was a partner in Atre pictures also. She produced film Bramhan Kanya aka Khandani-1947.

The supposedly demure Vanamala was a staunch nationalist and was deeply involved in the freedom movement along with stalwarts like Aruna Asaf Ali and Achyut Patwardhan. She was deeply involved in several social causes and was a member of the Chhatrapati Shivaji National Memorial Committee. She also ran a school to train children in traditional Indian arts and culture, The Haridas Kala Sansthan.

Vanamala who had been suffering from cancer, passed away in Gwalior on May 29, 2007.

Her Hero in this film was actor Kumar. KUMAR was born in the prestigious family of Syed s of Lucknow-UP in India,in 1912. His real name was SYED HASSAN ALI ZAIDI. His family used to call him MIJJAN Miyan.

He was a handsome and tall person. He was keen on joining cinema,so he came to Calcutta and joined New Theatres. After doing side roles in Subah ka Tara and Zinda lash,he was hero in PURAN BHAGAT in 1933.Even Saigal was also in the film.The film was about to be released and suddenly communal riots broke out in Calcutta.The new Theatre management found it difficult to announce a muslim name of the hero of PURAN BHAGAT,in the tense atmosphere of Calcutta.The director of the film was kumar Debaki Bose,a person from a Royal family.He took a dicision and told Mijjan,” from today,I am giving you a part of my name. You will become KUMAR now.”This solved the film release problem and thus his name became KUMAR, from then onwards. Truly enough,Debki Bose, thereafter never used his name Kumar again in his life !

After doing Yahudi ki Larki, Watan, Suhag, Shehar ka Jaadu and Maa ka Pyar, Kumar came to Bombay and joined Ranjit Studios. In 1939, he married another actress PRAMILA (who was actually a Jew, Esther Williams. Pramila was later India’s FIRST Miss India in 1947).They got a daughter Naqi Jehan(who too became a Miss India in 1967, exactly 20 years after her mother. Naqi acted opposite Rajesh Khanna in Akhari Khat – 66,as a Heroine. Later she married into the business family of Kamdar of Bombay and became Mrs.Nandini Kamdar, by converting to Hinduism.)

Kumar did many films in Ranjit,but in 1942,he was removed from Ranjit.At the same time,his friend,CHANDRAMOHAN also left Minerva Movietone( reason-despite PUKAR-39 being a blockbuster,his salary was not increased inspite of a promise by Sohrab modi).They both decided to lauch own company and on 16-3-1942,SILVER FILM CO. was launched.Its first film was Jhankaar.They produced Bhalai,Bade Nawab Saab,Devar,Naseeb,Dhun and Bahana.Kumar acted in these films.he also directed Dhun and Bahana.

He produced and directed Aap-Beeti-1948 under his company,Kumar Studios.Then under Shama prodn. he made Nahle pe dehla,Dhoom Dham and Dilbar.
later in life he made badal aur bijlee and jungle king under Artists United films.

From Najma in 1943,Kumar did only character roles in films like Bhishm Pratigya, Dayara, Mahal, Shri 420, khiladi, Maalik, Baiju Bawra, Yahudi ki Ladki. His memorable role was in Mughal e Azam, that of the sculptor and the famous song-‘Aye mohabbat zindabad’ was shot on him.

His last film was Raat aur Din – 67.

Then he decided to migrate to Pakistan. In Pak also he worked in few films and died in 1982.His sons are active in Pak film industry.

Rampyari was from Low cast and profession, but was a highly polished and sophisticated actress in those days. Rampyari hailed from a Telugu family of highly skilled professional dancers and singers. She lived in Nagulchinta area of old Hyderabad city.

She was born in 1908 December. That year Hyderabad witnessed devastating floods.She was taught Urdu and English. Apart from her mother tongue Telugu she was also proficient in Marathi and Kannada. She was trained in Dancing and singing. In 1918, at the age of 10 years, she was taken to Madras by her aunt, who trained her in Bharat Natyam. After 4 years of rigorous training, she became the best dancer of Madras.

In 1926, a film producer from Kohinoor Film company, Bombay ,visiting Madras, saw her dancing and invited her to Bombay.It was the era of Silent movies. Her first film was Gunsundari, with Miss Gauhar and Raja Sandow. It was directed by Chandulal Shah and was released in 1927. Her supporting role as a dancer in the film was lauded by the audience. Next film Vile woman was also successful. She acted in more than 20 films as a Heroine and dancer and established her name as a seasoned actress of the 30s.

With advent of Talkies, she easily switched over. She had no difficulty in delivering Urdu dialogues. In 1931, she acted in Paak Daman, Laila Majnu and Ghar ki laxmi, Gunsundari in 1934 and Azad Abla,Meethi Nazar and Hamlet in 1935.

Famous director Debki Bose from New Theatres, Calcutta invited her and signed up for ” Sunehra Sansaar”-36 and Vidyapati-37, which was a mega hit. After this, she did few films in Calcutta with other companies. Her film Milap-37 was famous for being the first to show the prototype of a “vamp” in Indian Cinema. Rampyari was shown wearing “an off-shoulder dress” and using a cigarette-holder, with the intent of seducing the hero Prithwiraj Kapoor, the scene was later used by Raj Kapoor on Nadira in his film Shree 420 (1955) for the song “Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh”.

She toured the entire south India and gave dance performances in major cities. She became so famous that the Ceylon Labour Union invited her to Ceylon and presented her with Gold Mementos. She was greatly inspired by the acting of Sulochana aka Ruby Meyers and Miss Gauhar of ranjit, with whom she acted in many films.

She shifted to Bombay permanently in the 30s. Her family also moved out of Hyderabad and came to Bombay. She had a large fan following in Hyderabad. She had a great fan mail too, which she replied in fluent Urdu and English. later she got married and retired from films.

She acted in 30 films. Her last film was Dak bungla-47. She sang 14 songs in 8 films.

The music of this film was by Ustad Jhande khan. The film had 14 songs and there were 4 Lyricists. Today’s song is written by Dewan Sharar, who also wrote the story, screenplay and dialogues of this film. This song is by a chorus, though individual voices can be heard, but not identified. HFGK is also silent about singers of all songs. The film makes a Debut in the blog with this song.

( Credits- The music and arts of Hyderabad Deccan, Upperstall, beetehuedin.com and my notes)


Song-Akbar mahabali ki jai ho (Shahanshah Akbar)(1943) Singer-Unknown female voice, unknown male voice, Lyrics-Dewan Sharar, MD-Jhande Khan
Chorus

Lyrics

Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Bharat chhatrapati ki jai ho
Bharat chhatrapati ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki

karm hamaare nek
karm hamaare nek
mile hain
karm hamaare nek
karm hamaare nek
huye hain Hindu Muslim ek
Hindu Muslim ek
huye hain Hindu Muslim ek
Hindu Muslim ek
huye hain

Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki

Hindu dharam ka sooraj ??
Muslim ka hai chaand sitaara
Hindu dharam ka sooraj ??
Muslim ka hai chaand sitaara
apne
apni pasand ke donon nishaan hai
?? hai
apni pasand ke donon nishaan hai
?? hai

Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki

Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki

Hindu dharam ka sooraj ??
Muslim ka hai chaand sitaara
Hindu dharam ka sooraj ??
Muslim ka hai chaand sitaara
apne
apni pasand ke donon nishaan hai
?? hai
apni pasand ke donon nishaan
?? hai

Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki jai ho
Akbar mahabali ki jai

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6 Responses to "Akbar mahabali ki jai ho"

Arun ji,

In the context of Rampyari, you have stated a trivia that “she had a big dispute with New Theatres and there was mud slinging through legal letters between her and the company, which called her ‘ a street singer ‘ who was helped by the company. She refuted their charges successfully”.

I did not find the mention of this trivia in Kamalakar Pasupuleti book you mentioned in your article. My curiosity about this trivia stems from the fact that a similar episode had happened between Rattanbai and the New Theatres at the time of completion of the shooting of ‘Kaarwaan-e-Hayat’ (1935).

I was wondering as to why a reputed film production company like New Theatres would have issue with Rampyari who had already established her credentials before being picked up by Debki Bose for ‘Sunehra Sansaar’ (1936).

Sadanand ji,
Thanks for pointing out the error. These two sentences seem to have got mixed up from Rattanbai’s bio, inadvertantly.
I have requested Atul ji to kindly remove these two sentences.
It was of course Rattanbai who was involved in that dispute and NOT Rampyari.
Thanks again.
-AD

That was a lot of interesting info, Arun Ji, thank you !!

Also, congratulations on the publication of your book – Forgotten Artists of Early Cinema and The Same Name Confusion!!
All the Best to you in your future endeavours.

Regards,
Manju Amarnath Das

MANJU DAS ji,
Thanks for your appreciation of the article.
Thanks for the book too.
-AD

“et tu Brutus?……” Akbar was NEVER mahan. Have you not read about how he collected ‘jajia vero’ from non-Muslims? He massacred many Hindus, who denied to convert. ALL Mughal kings were of the SAME type.

Though, in the review of ‘NEECH Akbar’, I enjoyed reading about the three old timers, Vanmala, Kumar and Rampyari.
Three-fold THANKS for that.

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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