Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Likkhi hai do dilon ne kismat ki ye kahaani

Posted on: December 22, 2019


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4174 Post No. : 15348

Today’s song is from a forgotten film Bhool-1948. The film was produced by Cinematographer and V.Shantaram’s brother V.Avadhoot – who also directed this film, as per the credits.The lyricist for all the 8 songs was Firoz Jallundhari and the Music Director was Debutant Purushottam or S. Purushottam or Purushottam Solankurkar. The banner was Rajkamal Kala Mandir. The cast of the film was Umesh Sharma, Suman, Dewan Sharar, Parshuram, k.Datey, Leela, Sunderabai, Aruna Devi and 5 child actresses called Baby Rajashree, Baby Madhura, Baby Sadhna, Baby Charusheela and Baby Sheela. Amongst these, Rajashree, Madhura and Charusheela were Shantaram’s daughters.

When I was finding information on this film, I stumbled upon the film’s review in the December 1948 issue of Film India Magazine. I started reading it. From the writing , I got a feeling that the film was Ghost-Directed by V.Shantaram himself. But that is not the point. What I was shocked to read was that in a comment on IMPPA meeting on pages 13 to 15, Baburao Patel referred Shantaram as ” V Shantaram brother of V Kashinath, brother of V Avadhoot”, in almost every paragraph. Now, this was a bouncer for me. Nowhere, till now, had I known that Shantaram had one more brother called Kashinath. I knew only V Avadhoot as his brother, for all these years.

For further information, I checked V Shantaram’s biography on wiki, other Internet sites and articles on Shantaram in all my books, but still, no mention of Kashinath anywhere. I was astonished. As a true student of Old Hindi films and songs, I did not lose hopes and continued my search. My hard work and wait of one month bore fruits and on one unknown Internet site – http://www.geni.com – I got the family tree of V.Shantaram.

Shantaram’s mother Kamlabai was the younger sister of Radhabai, who bore two children Baburao and Bhalji Pendharkar, when she was with Dr. Gopal Pendharkar of Kolhapur, before she married father of Master Vinayak karnataki. Kamlabai married Shantaram’s father Rajaram Vankudre. The site shows that there were 4 brothers of Shantaram. They are named as Kashinath, Keshav, Ramkrishna and Avadhoot. Except V Shantaram and V Avadhoot, other brothers were not only not known, none of them was connected with the film industry-Hindi or Marathi. Whatever the reality, all these facts are available for anyone to check oneself.

The story and dialogues of the film Bhool-48 were by Dewan Sharar. The story, Baburao claimed, was taken from the theme of Thomas Hardy’s novel
” Tess of the Urbervilles “. This novel was first serialised in Britain’s ” The Graphic” in 1891 and was published as a single volume in 1892. The film was released on 7-10-1948 at New West End Theatre in Bombay. The story can be summed up as…

An honest and respected villager – Shiv Dayal (Dewan Sharar), with 6 daughters, is living in a village. His daughter Sheela (Suman) meets an Air Force officer on vacation- Mohan Chandra (Umesh Sharma). After few love songs, they indulge in pre-marital sex and soon Sheela becomes pregnant. Mohan returns and joins the War duty. News comes that he is killed. Shivdayal takes Sheela to Mohan’s father to request that they accept her as their daughter in law, but he refuses. Shivdayal comes back. Sheela delivers a baby boy. They lead a shameful life in their own village. In the meantime, Mohan, who is not dead, arrives and accepts Sheela and the child. They get married and all is well.

There was lot of hue and cry as to how the filmed was passed by Censors. The obvious conclusion was that Shantaram must have used pressure on the Censors. Film India also criticised it wholesomely. Shantaram’s reply was, if Shaknutala’s similar act is acceptable, then what is wrong in this ‘Bhool’ ?

Hindi film industry has seen uneducated, educated and talented artistes in various fields like acting, direction,production, cinematography, story and dialogue writing, Lyricists,composers etc etc. It has also seen successful artistes leaving films and shining somewhere else on their merits like, Shashi kapoor-sr, S D Batish, Lyricist Moti, B.A. etc etc. However , there is only one example where the artiste had an extraordinary success in totally unrelated fields, was a distinguished author and an acknowledged scholar BEFORE joining the film industry . He is Dewan Sharar. Not much has been written about him so far. Here is some updated information about him.

Dewan was not his first name. It was a Title used as a prefix. He came from a family which had served as Dewans in many states traditionally in few generations. His name was Atmanand Sharar. He was born (28-8-1897 to 1969) in Multan in erstwhile Punjab. From 1929 to 1942, he travelled in many countries. He is credited with editing the Magazine, ” Shabistan “, the first Urdu cinema paper in India. He worked as a Publicist for the League of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. He edited a leading weekly ” Great Britain and the East ” for 3 years He regularly contributed to British and American press. He was the first Indian whose 4 plays were broadcast over BBC. From 1937 to 1940, he was in charge of the cataloguing of Urdu books and Manuscripts in India House at London. He published many books like’ Indian Folklore’, ‘ In the garden of Peacocks’, ‘ East meets West’ and ‘ Gong of Shiva’. The last one was translated in many languages of Europe. Hindi film ‘ Ishara’-43 was based on this novel. He also wrote the story of Himanshu Roy’s film ” Karma”-33- first English film by an Indian. The film credits start with his name First.

This is what South Asian Cinema Faculty of U.K.said about him, “Film and stage actor, writer of English novels, short stories, stage and radio plays, “Eastern Adviser” to British-Gaumont films in London and Urdu poet. He also contributed prominently to Indian cinema as a producer, character actor and a story and dialogue writer. Born in Multan, Dewan Atmanand Sharar (1899-1969) came from a family that had served as Dewans or Ministers in Indian princely states. After graduating from Punjab’s prestigious Government College, Lahore, he established an impressive repertory company in 1919 and presented several Hindustani plays and mushairas in various urban centres. In 1929, he set up a film-producing and distribution company and began to edit Shabistan,reputedly the first Urdu cinema paper in India.
In 1933, Dewan Sharar moved to London for the completion and launch of Himansu Rai’s Indo-British film, Karma (1933) ofwhich he was the storywriter. It was completed in England by Indian & British Film Productions with J.L. Freer Hunt as the director and Thorold Dickinson as editor. Sharar also produced and acted in Nagin ki Rani, the Hindustani version of Karma. While in London, many of his English short stories on Indian life appeared in mainstream newspapers in the UK and overseas. A major London publishing firm, George G. Harrap & Co., published two of his English works: The Gong of Shiva(1935) and Hindu Fairy Tales(1936). His short stories were also published as part of an anthology which included contributions from other famous contemporary writers. He also contributed a number of English radio plays for the BBC.

After returning to India in 1939 just before World War II, he worked for All India Radio Bombay and Delhi. He then joined filmmaker, V. Shantaram and adapted Kalidasa’s Sanskrit classic, Shakuntala for the silver screen in Hindustani. The film was a runaway success and the Sharar-Shantaram combine lasted over a decade winning laurels for both Sharar and Shantaram’s banner, Rajkamal.

In 1943, Ishaara (1943), a film based on Sharar’s English novel The Gong of Shiva catapulted actor Prithviraj Kapoor to stardom. Besides becoming an important pillar of popular Indian cinema, he also started Dewan Sharar Publications in 1963. His descendants include famous Bombay-based Indian film actor Akash Khurana and Nagpur-based businessman turned playwright and theatre actor Vikash Khurana. ”

Sharar had adapted the story from the original ” ???????? ??????? by Mahakavi Kalidas ” written in the 3rd century. He wrote the story, dialogues and Lyrics also. Shakuntala-43 was Sharar’s first film with Shantaram . Their association continued for some more films like, Parbat pe apna dera-44, Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46, Apna Desh-49, Teen batti char Raasta-53 and J.J. Payal baje-55.

Dewan Sharar also acted in 8 films, namely Karma-33, Dr. Kotnis ki amar Kahani-46, Bhool-48, Apna Desh-49, Hindustan Hamara-50, Do Raha-52, Teen batti char rasta-53 and Dil E Nadaan-53. He wrote 62 songs as a Lyricist in 12 films, namely Shakuntala-43, Shaenshah Akbar-43, Parbat pe apna Dera-44, Mali-44, Panna Dai-45, Jeevan yatra-46, Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46, Andhon ki duniya-47, Apna Desh-49, Hindustan hamara-50,Subah ka tara-54 and Jhanak Jhanak Payal baaje-55.

Today’s song is a duet by Sulochana kadam and Motisagar. MOTI SAGAR was one person who came to the industry to become a Hero,but ended up doing sundry roles,singing songs,writing stories and scripts and producing films. He ,however, could not get great success in any of these and ended up being ‘Jack of all trades,Master of None’.

MOTI SAGAR was born in New Delhi on 16-4-1925, but graduated from Lahore. In Lahore he got interested in acting in films.Then he met Inayat Hussain and G.A.Chishti-the composers and he loved singing.He came to Bombay in 1946. His cousins Motilal, Mukesh and Tara Harish were already there in films. Harish and Motilal were established,and Mukesh was trying very hard.
Moti Sagar did a second hero’s role in MALHAR-1951.
He sang his first song under Bulo C.Rani in GUL SANOBER-53 with Kalyani. Then came Pamposh, Shikar, Deewali ki raat, Makhichoos, Meri Behen and Flying Horse.
When he stopped getting songs and roles, he switched over to writing. He wrote stories for Badal, Lalkaar, Charas, Ram Bharose,
When this stopped he produced 2 films Hum Tere Ashiq hai and Badal.
After 1985, he retired till he died on 14-3-1999.

The Music Director was an unknown person,who made his Debut with this film. PURUSHOTTAM SOLANKURKAR or S. Purushottam ( 9-4-1919 to 30-1-1958 ) was from Kolhapur district. Born in a poor family, he was the youngest in three brothers. The eldest brother was a good singer under Abdul Kareem khan. The middle one had his ” Yashwant Sangeet Vidyalaya” in Kolhapur. Purushottam was a student of Vidyapeeth School. Bereft of higher education, Purushottam started learning to play various instruments, Violin, Sarangi, Harmonium and Tabla.
When he was 21 years of age, he started playing in the concerts of Kumar Gandharva or Shivputra Siddhramaiah komkali- as an accompanist. Vasant Desai-who was a ‘de facto’ Talent Hunter for V.Shantaram ( he had already discovered Promodini and Vinodini Desai and Vatsala Kumthekar) spotted him in one Mehfil and called him to Bombay. Shantaram gave him his brother’s film ” Bhool”-48 and Maharashtra Chitravani’s film Mere Laal-48 as a Music Director.

He was an excellent singer himself and had a very good voice. Noted composer Sudhir Phadke, who was his classmate in school, used to praise his singing, but Purushottam never sang any film song in his career. He believed that his job was to compose music and not singing.

Impressed with his style, Shantaram gave him his revolutionary film ‘Apna Desh’-49. True to his salt, Purushottam presented 2 Ghazals of Ghalib,’ Koi ummeed nahi hain” and Dil e naadan in a totally non-traditional tune and style. The Tamil and Telugu versions of this film were also done by Purushittam. Vasant kumari sang Tamil songs and Telugu songs were sung by Beauty Queen Surya Kumari. Later Shantaram gave ‘ Dahej’-50 to Vasant Desai and Purushottam.

Discarded, without reason, as was his habit, by Shantaram, Purushottam did Devyani-52 and Durga Khote’s Sandesh-52. In all he did 6 Hindi films and 2 Marathi films, as Music Director. Realising that he had no scope in films anymore, Purushottam returned to Kumar Gandharva once again ,as his accompanist. Thus he disappeared from the film line and there was no trace of him afterwards. One more name was added to less known and forgotten composers’ list ! (Some information used herein is from Marathi Sangeetkar kosh, with thanks.)

Let us now enjoy the duet from this film.


Song-Likhi hai do dilon ki kismet ne ye kahaani (Bhool)(1948) Singers- Sulochana Kadam, Moti Sagar, Lyrics-Firoz Jallundari, MD-S Purushottam
Both

Lyrics

Likkhi hai
do dilon ki kismat ne ye kahaani
Likkhi hai
do dilon ki kismat ne ye kahaani
har din hai pyaara pyaara
har raat hai suhaani
har raat hai suhaani
likhi hai
do dilo ki kismat ne ye kahani
phoolon se ban sanwar kar
dharti ne geet gaaya
shabanam ke motiyon ko
aakash ne lutaaya
shabnam ke motiyon ko
aakash ne lutaaya
ye bhed kisne samjha
ye baat kisne jaani
ye baat kisne jaani
o o o
aa aa aa
aa aa
ye roop ye jawaani ee ee
ye roop ye jawaani
ye mastiyon ke saaye
jab dil hi mil chuke hon
phir pyaar kyun na aaye
jab dil hi mil chuke hon
phir pyaar kyun na aaye
main tujh pe hoon nichhaawar
tu meri zindgaani
tu meri zindgaani
aa aa aa

aa aa aa
aa aa
phoola phala chaman hai
baadal khushi ke chhaaye
masti bhari pavan hai
kyun naachti na jaaye
masti bhari pavan hai
kyun naachti na jaaye
jharnon ke geet sun kar
hansti hai ban ki raani
hansti hai ban ki raani
o o o
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
main phool hoon oon
tu khushbu
main phool hoon
tu khushbu
main deep hoon tu jyoti
tu chaand hai main dariya
main seep hoon tu moti
tu chaand hai main dariya
main seep hoon tu moti
main tera hoon tu meri
phir kya kahoon jubaani
phir kya kahoon jubaani

likhi hai
don dilo ki kismat ne ye kahaani
likhi hai
do dilon ki kismat ne ye kahaani
aa aa aa

10 Responses to "Likkhi hai do dilon ne kismat ki ye kahaani"

Thanks for this detailed informative post Sir. I just started reading it when I saw V.Shantaram’s name in the article while browsing. And continued reading with interest to know the information about V.Kashinath, V.Avdhoot, Dewan Sharar, Moti Sagar and Puroshottam Solankurkar.
Thanks,
I have not yet listened to the song though and will listen it later.
Regards

Like

Thanks for hour comment.

Like

Sorry for the ‘ printer’s devil’.( aka auto spell check Monster)
it should be Thanks for your comment.

Like

Thanks Sir for the post.
Heard the song first time.
Missing words are :
Phoola-phalaa chaman hai
baadal khushi ke chhaaye
masti bhari pavan hai
kyun naachti na jaaye

Like

Thanks, Anekant ji.

Like

Dear Arun ji,

Thanks for your detailed posts! It’s a pleasure reading!

Warm Regards,

Like

Who is MD, Purushottam K or Vasant Desai?

Like

Thanks for pointing out the lapse. The MD was S.Purushottam. I will request Atul ji to make correction. Thanks again, Umesh Sontakke ji.

Like

Dear Arunji,

Most welcome!

Regards!

Like

audio

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