Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Maasoom nazar ka bholaapan lalcha ke lubhaana kya jaane

Posted on: June 15, 2020


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4350 Post No. : 15663 Movie Count :

4314

Today’s song is from film Masoom-41, the first among the three same title films made later in 1960 and 1996. I was tempted but I am not counting the funny title ” Masoom Chudail” made in 2000 !

Masoom-41 was a Muslim Social film made by Fazli Brothers in Calcutta. Like many other myths in Hindi film industry, one myth is that Mehboob Khan was the pioneer in making Muslim social films in India. This probably originated because the first film of Mehboob’s own company Mehboob Productions was ” Najma”-43, a Muslim social film starring Ashok kumar, Veena, Stara, Kumar, Yaqub etc. But the fact is different.

Although historical and costume films with Muslim backgrounds were commonly made from the beginning of films, films depicting the social life of Muslims were not being made frequently. The first Muslim social film was ” Rashida”-35, made by Madon Theatres, Calcutta, featuring Kajjan, Effendi and others. It was directed by a Jew-Izra Mir. The name of the film indicated that it was about a Muslim girl. Somehow, I find a lot of Muslim social films made had titles of girl’s names, Like Zeenat, Ameena, Najma, Shama, Heena, Zubeida, Salma, Ismat etc etc.

The beginning of serious Muslim social films was done by Fazli Brothers- Hasnain and Sibtain Fazli. They first made a Muslim social film Qaidi-1940, featuring Ramola,Mehtab, B.Nandrekar, Wasti etc. This was a period of struggle for Indian Independence. The fundamentalists in Muslims were active and due to the fear of their reaction, film makers were wary of producing such films. Even Fazli brothers were also afraid that there would be obstruction from these people to their film, so they decided to make the film in Calcutta. Their first Muslim Social film Qaidi-40 was very successful. Encouraged, they made two more such films (Masoom-41 and Chauranghee-42) in Calcutta. For film Chauranghee-42, the Fazli Brothers roped in famous Bangla poet (who later on became the National Poet of Bangladesh) Kazi Nazrul Islam- the creator of Nazrul geeti, as a Lyricist and MD for the film.

After 1942, Fazli Brothers shifted their activities to Bombay and made many Muslim social films like Fashion-43,Ismat-44, Dil-46 and Mehendi 47. So, in true sense, it is the Fazli Brothers who were the pioneers of Muslim Social films in India.

Film Masoom was directed by the elder brother-Hasnain Fazli. The music was by one time Music Director Munshi Mubarak Hussain. Actually, ” Munshi” is a prefix solely used for writers. How this Munshi gave music, is a wonder to me. Out of the 9 songs, only 2 songs are credited with the lyricist’s name. Otherwise the film has no Lyricist name in HFGK. Also none of the singer’s names are mentioned. The cast of the film was Ramola, Amjad, Mazhar khan, Mehtab, Anis, Nazir Kashmiri etc etc. In their first film Qaidi-40 also Ramola was the heroine. Here she was repeated. Hero Amjad in this film was repeated in the next film but these two artistes did not feature in any Fazli films later on. Though Ramola was very active, Amjad disappeared totally. Ramola had already become famous and popular in India due to her role in Pancholi’s film at Lahore- ” Khazanchi”-41.

Actress Ramola (real name- Rachel Cohen) was born in a Jew family on 5-7-1917, at Bombay. Her father Hayam Cohem was a school Teacher. Her initial education was done in Bombay. Later they shifted to Calcutta where she completed her matriculation and joined films. Her first film was ‘ Graher fer’-38,a Bangla film. She did a few small roles and then came ‘Khazanchi’-41 from Pancholi of Lahore. This changed her career and she became a popular actress. She did films like Masoom,Khamoshi manchali.etc etc.

Initially,Ramola was a small actress. First she acted on stage along with her two sisters. Then she got a Bangla film. It was Jagdish Sethi who introduced her to director/lyricist/dialogue writer Kidar Sharma. According to Kidar Sharma,
“She was smart and a charming young lady. Her only drawback was her height. She was not tall, just about 5 feet, but she had lofty ambitions. One day she came to see me and I promised I would personally take her to the director of her choice. She said, “I would like to be introduced to Mr. Nitin Bose, and no one else.” I took her to Mr. Bose, and was sure that her charm and talent would impress him.

Mr. Bose scanned her, from top to toe, while I praised her talent and her choice of a director, like Nitin Bose. After a long silence, Mr. Bose addressed me and said, “When you brought her to me, why did you forget to bring some bricks for her to stand on?” Poor Romola was hurt and heart-broken by this great director’s caustic remark. She quietly said, “Goodbye” and walked away from his office.

I followed her and found that she was in tears. ‘I was moved by the plight of a struggling youngster having high hopes, being ridiculed for something which nature was responsible for. I knew what it felt like to be ridiculed. I had experienced it often enough. I escorted her to the tram junction and there she bid me goodbye. To encourage her, I said, “Please, Romola, don’t be heart-broken. One day, when I become a director, you will be my first heroine, and we will prove to Mr. Bose and the world, what a great star you are.” Romola laughed and said,- “Poor Mr. Kidarnath, the dialogue-writer will never be a director and I will never be a heroine.” So saying, she jumped into the tram.”

However, Kidar Sharma kept his promise and cast her in his first film as director Aulad / Dil Hi To Hai (1939). Aulad/Dil Hi To hai was a down-to-earth story of a middle-class father, who had sacrificed all his life to educate his son and his darling daughter, hoping that they would be worthy children to the society and to the family. Little did the old man know that the generation gap would present a different, horrifying reality, which would destroy him completely. The modern college Miss, who destroys the dreams of her old father, the aged struggling middle class man, was played by Ramola.

After the success of the film, Ramola got romantically involved with R.C. Talwar, Kidar Sharma’s assistant who later became a director in his own right. According to Kidar Sharma, “R.C. Talwar was a classmate and friend so I ignored his relationship with Ramola.”

Later Ramola appeared in many films including Qaidi, Khazanchi, Khamoshi, Swan Aya Re, Rim Jhim etc. When she acted in Pancholi’s famous film Khazanchi-41, she became famous all over India and film offers started pouring on her. She looked so cute in her Punjabi dress- Salwar and Kurta- in that film, that this dress became famous and popular as Khazanchi dress amongst the women in India.

She acted in 23 films in Hindi and 5 films in Bangla. She even sang 14 songs in 4 Hindi films. After the arrival of new heroines including Madhubala, Nargis, Meena Kumari etc, Ramola’s career got eclipsed and she bid farewell to her film career. Her last 3 films Actor, Jawani Ki Aag and Stage were released in 1951. However her actual last film was the Bangla film, Anurag-51

Ramola was married twice. Her second husband, Leslie Rondeau, was a Captain in the British Air Force, who helped to train Indian pilots in the IAF post Indian Independence. Her son, Sam, from her first husband, migrated to Israel in the 1950s. She had two daughters, Dena and Linda, from her second marriage. Dena, based in London today, even acted in a film, GP Sippy’s Ahsaas (1979), and works in the fashion industry while Linda, a resident of Bombay, was an air-hostess with Air India. With her generous and large hearted spirit, Ramola also ‘adopted’ and looked after another 14 families, helping them move ahead in life. Ramola passed away in Bombay on 10-12-1988.

Here is some information on Fazli Brothers. The producers Fazli brothers, were the sons of Khan Bahadur S M Fazal Rabb of Beharaich- about 125 kms from Lucknow in U.P. The elder brother was Hasnain and the younger brother was Sibtain ( born on 9-7-1916). Hasnain Fazli was born on 12-1-1912 in the United Province (today’s U.P.). Their family belonged to the noble Sayyads of Allahabad. Hasnain was a graduate of Allahabad University. Though his father was a Khan Bahadur, a Government Jahagirdar and lifetime Magistrate, Hasnain refused to do any service and did not complete his I.C.S. studies, as expected by the family.

He had a creative mind. He joined the film line. He was very keen on making a film on Muslim Society. In those days it was considered outrageous to produce a film on Muslim society for fear of the ire of the fundamentalists. However Hasnain broke the barrier and the first Muslim Social film Qaidi-40 was produced and directed by him under the banner of Film Corporation of India, Calcutta. Very cleverly, the film was made at Calcutta, ( though the film depicted life in Lucknow ), and not at Bombay to avoid any disruption in the making of the film. The film was made so well that it was received very well by all strata of the population, including the Muslims and became a hit film. After this Hasnain made more Muslim social films like Masoom-41, Chowranghee-42, Fashion-43 and Ismat-44. These films discussed Muslim family life and problems etc.

His first directorial film was at his 23rd year- Triya Charitra-35. Then came Sajiv Murti-35, in which the Handsome Vijay Kumar from Himachal Pradesh was the Hero. Fazli brothers also made Dil-46, Mehendi-47, Duniya-49 and Khoobsurat-52. Hasnain was so talented that he himself wrote the film stories, screenplays and dialogues usually. Sibtain Fazli directed 3 films-Chowranghee-42, Ismat-44 and Mehendi-47.

After the Partition, Fazli brothers migrated to Pakistan. Sibtain remained in Pakistan and Hasnain returned to India to make 2 more films. Later Hasnain too relocated to Lahore and died there on 16-7-1957. His brother Sibtain ( 9-7-1916 to 25-7-1985) who had directed 3 films in India, made 4 films in Pakistan, including the most popular Urdu film of Madam Noor Jehan – Dupatta-52.

Film Masoom-41 was released on 30-5-1942, at Imperial Theatre, Bombay. The story of the film is…..Noor Ali (Mazhar khan) becomes a widower. He has a small child-Masoom. So he remarries a widow(Mehtab), with a child Jameel. Both Jameel and Masoom grow up together. Masoom falls in love with his childhood friend Rehana (Ramola) and Jameel loves a modern, educated girl-Shahida (Anis). After many twists and turns, all becomes well and they get married happily.

Today’s song is a typical Bangla type song. I mean a Hindi song sung in Bangla tune and style. Though the singer is not mentioned, Sadanand Kamath ji, who uploaded this song, on my request promptly, feels that the singer is Jagmohan Sursagar. I tend to agree with him. Since the film was made completely in Calcutta, it is very much possible. With this song, film Masoom-41 makes it’s Debut on the Blog.

(Ack: information used herein is culled from books “Forgottem movies on Muslim Culture” by Kamlakar P. and ” Muslim Cinema” by Isak Mujawar, Film India magazine, my thanks to them and Film Directory-46 also)


Song-Maasoom nazar ka bholaapan lalcha ke lubhaana kya jaane (Maasoom)(1941) Singer- Unknown Male, Lyricist – Arzoo Lucknowi, MD- Munshi Mubarak Hussain

Lyrics

Maasoom nazar ka bholaapan
lalcha ke lubhaana kya jaane
Masoom nazar ka bholaapan
lalcha ke lubhaana kya jaane
dil aap nishaana banta hai
wo teer chalaana kya jaane
dil aap nishaana banta hai
wo teer chalaana kya jaane

chatki jo kali koyal kooki
ulfat ki kahaani khatm huyi
ulfat ki kahaani khatm huyi
kya kisne kahi aur kisne suni
ye baat zamaana kya jaane
kya kisne kahi aur kisne suni
ye baat zamaana kya jaane

hum aarzoo aaye baithhe hain
aur wo sharmaaye baithhe hain
aur wo sharmaaye baithhe hain
mushtaaq nazar gustaakh nahin
parda sarkaana kya jaane
mushtaaq nazar gustaakh nahin
parda sarkaana kya jaane
Maasoom nazar ka bholaapan
lalcha ke lubhaana kya jaane
dil aap nishaana banta hai
wo teer chalaana kya jaane

2 Responses to "Maasoom nazar ka bholaapan lalcha ke lubhaana kya jaane"

Arun ji,

This is one of my favourite ghazals of Arzoo Lucknowi.

This ghazal was not written specifically for the film but taken from Arzoo Lucknaoi’s published ghazal. It has 10 she’rs out of which only three she’rs have been included in the song. The link to the full ghazal is given below:

https://www.rekhta.org/ghazals/maasuum-nazar-kaa-bholaa-pan-lalchaa-ke-lubhaanaa-kyaa-jaane-arzoo-lakhnavi-ghazals

This ghazal with four she’rs were used for a song in ‘Teri Arzoo’ (1986, Unreleased), sung by Asha Bhosle combined with a qawwali song sung by Suresh Wadkar. The link to the song:

Like

Thanks for this additional information and the related links.
-AD

Like

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