Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Subah uthh ke Mirze yaar ne

Posted on: July 5, 2020


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4370 Post No. : 15702

Today’s song is a special song from the film Mirza Sahibaan-1957. It is special because it is almost a 9 minute song – 8 minutes and 36 seconds, to be exact. There is one more-Punjabi- song in this film, which is about 6m 30s long. Today’s song is written by Verma Malik and the music is composed by Sardul kwatra- one of the 3 Sikh composers in Hindi films during that period ( the other two were G S Kohli and S Mohinder). His younger brother Bhagwant Kwatra was his assistant here.

Sardul Singh Kwatra was one of the very few Sikh Music Directors Hindi Films had. He was born in Lahore in 1928. He was educated and trained in classical music at Lahore. His teacher in music was Sardar Awatar Singh, who was quite famous in Lahore. Later Sardul singh joined Hansraj Behl as his assistant.

After Partition, his family first shifted to Amritsar and then to Bombay. The family established a film production company and started making films. Their first film was ‘Ek Teri Nishani”-49. Sardul singh was its MD, along with Pt. Amarnath and Vinod. Later he composed for ‘Jalte Deep”-50, with T.K.Das. His first independent film was “Man ka Meet”-50.
His family company wanted to make a Punjabi film “Posti”-50. Sardul got newcomer Shyama to be the Heroine. Shyama also acted in their second film “Kode Shah’-53. Their next Hindi film was ‘Goonj’-52, for which Sardul convinced Suriya to be its Heroine. He was its MD of course.

Sardul singh was a tall,well built and handsome person. Unfortunately his severe inclination towards beautiful women overpowered his talents. He used to proudly say, ‘I can not create good music without beautiful faces. ” He was aware of his looks and used it unabashedly to influence women.

When he was in Bombay, he requested Mohd. Rafi ( after this film) to let out the top floor flat in Rafi’s bungalow to him , since it was empty. Being a good and helpful man, Rafi agreed. When Rafi’s son’s marriage was fixed, he wanted his flat back, but Sardul kwatra refused to vacate. Those days, the Bombay Rent control act was in favour of the tenants, so Rafi had a lot of problems. After a few years, Sardul filed a criminal case also against Rafi, in this connection. Rafi suffered a lot because of this. Finally, while going to Chandigarh before shifting to the USA, Sardul Kwatra vacated the flat. This detailed story is described in ” aap ki parchhaiyan” a book by Rajnikumar Pandya ji.

He gave music to 22 Hindi and 13 Punjabi films. In 1970, he visited Chandigarh and established ‘Chandigarh Film Institute”. He left his wife and children and went to the USA with another good looking woman, in 1978. He got 2 children from this association. Sardul singh Kwatra died in the US on 6-7-2004.

India is a unique country in the world. ” Vividhata mein ekta” (विविधता में एकता ). A country which has 28 states and 9 UTs, 22 languages mentioned in its Constitution, 30 languages spoken by 30 lakh people each, 122 languages spoken by more than 10000 people each and 1652 languages spoken in all the country. So many religions are living amicably since thousands of years and still the country is ONE unit, when the Nation needs it. Disproving all the Pundits of the world saying that India will break into pieces after independence, we are stronger and more developed by the day. So, what is the secret ?

The secret is its Culture, which keeps all faiths and languages bound together. In India, Culture is greater than and a bigger influence than individual religions. The flexibility, adaptability and readiness to make changes by the majority section, is the secret. This makes India the biggest Democracy in the world today. The entire world looks up to us as a final Saviour.

Culture and Folklore have bound Indians together. In every state there are its own Folk tales, Folk Dances and Folk Music. Still, some common Folklore is all over the country. Though every region has its own Folklores, Lovers’ Folk lore from Punjab and Sind have been traditionally well known throughout India, e.g. Heer-Ranjha or Sohni-Mahiwal etc etc. Our films have a great contribution in keeping the country United and Together,despite calamities and aggressions. Some of the Folk tales of Love from Punjab and Sindh became well known due to films made on them.

There are 9 Tragic Love stories from Punjab and Sindh,in which both the lovers die without getting united. These 9 Love stories are-
Mirza-Sahiban
Heer – Ranjha
Sassi-Punnu
Momal-Rano
Umar-marvi
Sohni-Mahiwal
Lila-Chanesar
Noorie-Tamchi
Dhaj-Rorkumar (Unlike most pairs,in Mirza Sahiban,the Male name comes First !)
Indian film producers have helped spread these Immortal Love stories by making movies on them,as under-
Heer-Ranjha… Films made in 1931,32,48 and 1970
Mirza-Sahiban… In 1933,35,47 and 1957
Sassi-Punnu… In 1932,33 and 1946
Sohni-Mahiwal…In 1933,46,58 and 1984
Umar-Marvi…in 1942
Noorie-Tamchi…In 1934
Today’s film was directed by Ravi Kapoor, who directed 3 more films-Kala Chor-56,Chalta Purja-58 and Accident-65. The cast of the film was Shyama, Shammi Kapoor, Ram Singh, Madan Puri,Uma Dutt, Indira, Nazir kashmiri, Tun Tun, Daljit and many others.

Indira. This is a ‘Same Name Confusion’ artiste. During the silent Era and early Talkie period, there was one Indira Devi. Her real name was Effie Hippolet- an Anglo-Indian She acted in 24 silent films since 1927, but did only two Talike films-Al-Hilal-35 and Wamaq Azra-1935. Then there is the comedian fatty Indira Bansal who was operative from 1951 to 1981, and worked in 116 films. This Indira was different.

Indira, one of Punjabi cinema’s most popular leading ladies of the 1960s, was born on August 6, 1938 in northern India. Growing up in an aristocratic family in the Punjab village of Kharian, her family lost everything when they had to flee their home during partition to settle in Kanpur. In 1952 her family shifted to Bombay where an Elder brother ran a successful business.

Indira was noticed by the popular comedien Bhagwan while he was shooting a movie at Jagriti Studios, and she was put in the cast of his film Rangeela (1953). Raj Kapoor, who happened to be visiting the set of Rangeela, noticed Indira and later cast her as the daughter of a rich industrialist in his film Shree 420 (1955).

Indira continued to appear in supporting roles in major Hindi productions like Funtoosh (1956), Mirza Sahibaan-1957, Yahudi (1958), and Dil Deke Dekho(1959). She had just appeared as the lead in the low budget yarn Jungle Ki Duniya (1959) when she was cast as the heroine in a Punjabi film titled Yamla Jatt in 1960. This was followed that same year by two more Punjabi pictures, Do Lacchian and Kiklee. All three films were very successful.

Returning to Hindi language movies, she found herself much in demand for B-films with colorful titles like Maya Mahal (1963), Jungle Boy (1963), Tarzan Aur Jadugar (1963), Pahadi Nagin (1964), Arab Ka Lal (1964), Son of Zimbo (1966), Sheba and Hercules (1967), Tarzan in Fairyland (1968) and CID Agent 302 (1968), sometimes playing the heroine, but more often than not as a vamp or villain. Occasionally she would snag a nice supporting role in a major production like Do Dil (1965) or Mere Huzoor (1968), and she still continued to star in Punjabi fare.

Sometimes billed as Indira Billi (her real name was Indira Kaur) she was interviewed in 1963 for Picture Post magazine where she talked about her beginnings: “I had not the good fortune of stepping into films and finding myself a heroine right from the start as had been the case with many glamour girls these days. It was a life of toil and tears, fighting every inch, every day, and month after month. Sometimes I was fed up, felt tired of the ceaseless struggle to make my presence felt. With the struggle for existence keen and with not enough money, those early days were none too happy for a girl aspiring for a respectable place in the film world, let alone stardom. Sometimes I had my misgivings whether I was right in coming into films. Some kind of inferiority complex took hold of me and I thought several times that I would never become a star.” Indira married cinema owner Shiv Kumar in the early to mid-1960s and left the film scene in the early 1970s.

The story of the film Mirza Sahibaan-57 was….

Sahiba’s father (Uma Dutt) is Mirza’s mother’s brother (making them cousins). She brings Mirza for an extended visit to her family home, a visit cut short when Sahiba’s mother (Gulab) throws a fit over her young daughter’s budding relationship with Mirza, who for some reason is not considered worthy of her. Mirza adamantly refuses to leave his Sahiba when his insulted mother packs up her bags and goes.

Her sad-sack hen-pecked brother promises to take good care of Mirza, although how someone so lacking a spine can possibly protect a kid who is clearly not wanted is beyond me. Anyway, Sahiba and Mirza become inseparable and grow into young adults (Shyama and Shammi Kapoor) who adore each other. The little cocoon of love that surrounds them is constantly under attack by Sahiba’s brothers Mir (Ram Singh) and Shamir (Madan Puri) in addition to her mother, but the pair remains steadfast (although they spend a lot of time talking about their willingness to die for one another, never a good omen).

In addition to Sahiba, Mirza has a passion for his white mare and his bow and arrows and is a crack shot. This endears him no further to his nasty cousins, and his love for Sahiba is also a thorn in the side for the local barber and matchmaker Umara (?) who stands to lose a commission if the young lovers marry each other. When Sahiba persuades Mirza to take her to a local fair, Umara takes the opportunity to create trouble.

Umara informs Mir and Shamir that Sahiba is at the fair with Mirza. Infuriated, they track him down and beat him mercilessly, although not as mercilessly as Sahiba’s mother when they all reach home. She throws Mirza out of the house and locks Sahiba in her room. Sahiba’s father quickly accedes to his wife’s wishes that he get Sahiba married into the wealthy Choudhary family (who happen to be her relatives) nearby, and Umara is called in.

Sahiba, unable to escape her mother’s eagle eye, asks her friend Mora to take a message to Mirza, who is now homeless and despondently considering suicide.

Mora saves him from jumping off a cliff, and he goes to stay with their aunt, Bibo.

Umara the matchmaker now becomes very busy, going first to fix Sahiba’s marriage with the son of Choudhary Sahab (Nazir Kashmiri), and then to Mirza’s parents’ house, where he tells them how mistreated Mirza has been. Mirza’s mother asks him to plead with Mirza to return home—which he doesn’t have to do because Bibo is already suggesting it to Mirza. She relents though in the face of Mirza’s devotion.

He agrees to return to his parental home if Bibo will bring Sahiba to him to say goodbye, which she does. He promises to return for Sahiba, and she says that she will send word when her wedding date is fixed so that he can save her. I am not clear how this will work out better than if they just leave right now, but it’s not my plot. Sahiba’s wedding is eventually fixed for the same day as Mirza’s sister Chatti’s, and Bibo sends a message to Mirza.

Mirza receives the message, and races away on his trusty white mare to rescue Sahiba from her wedding. He runs away with her.

The end- The opposite party follows Mirza and Sahiba and kills Mirza. Sahiba commits suicide and both die in each other’s arms.

(For this post, I thank Wikipedia, Mike Barnum’s Blog, HFGK, memsaabstory.com and my notes.)

Audio

Video (Partial)

Song-Subah uthh ke Mirze yaar ne Sahibaan ka le liya naam(Mirza Saahiban)(1957) Singers-Rafi, Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Verma Malik, MD-Sardul Kwatra
Male chorus
Female chorus
All chorus

Lyrics

haddipa
haddipa
haddipa
haddipa
hey

ho o o
ho ho ho ho
subah uthh ke mirze yaar ne
sahibaan ka le liya naam
ghar ghar mashoori ho gayi ee
gali gali hua badnaam
ho o o o
o o o o
tera chori chori pyaar thha
ab aage sare aam
ho ho ho ho ho ho ho
kya jaane mirza sahibaan
ab kya hoga anjaam
khha liya beliya toone aam

aaha
aaha
aaha
aaha
aaha
aaha

hey kudiya ne
hey kudiya ne
hey kudiye ne

balle balle balle
hey mundaiy ne
hey mundaiy ne
hey mundaiy ne

ho sadqe
hey kudiya ne ?? kudiyaa waali ??
hurr
hey munde
shahar de gunde
baaj na aawan

aa hahahahaha
Hey kudiya ?? kudiyaa ho ?? dil churaawan
ho sadqe
Hey munde
shahr ke gunde
baaj na aawan

hurr
mohe le de dupatta malmal ka
ho rang zara halka
?? kal ka
?? karo kal ka
oye soniya aa
oye beliya

mohe le de dupatta malmal ka
ho rang zara halka
ho rang zara halka
ho soniya
hoy beliyaa

ho tu le ke dupatta jab aayegi ee ee
tu le ke dupatta jab aayegi
ho bindiya lagaayegi
najar lag jaayegi ee
ho soniye ae
ho heeriye
hey kudiya ni ?? kudiya
?? dil churaawan
ho balle balle balle
hey munde
shahr ke gunde
baaz na aawan

aa mil gale
duniya jale
duniya se chalen door hum
hai waasta
ab raastaa
chhodo jee ye majboor??

haaye
dil le liya aa aa aa
gham de diya aa aa
dil le liya aa aa
gham de diya
bedardi
gham de diya

ho mujhe dil ki
banaa le jee malika
bharosa nahin pal ka
na waada karo kal ka
oy soniyaa aa aa
oye beliyaa

oye kudiye ni ??
?? dil churaawan

hoye sadqe
Hey munde
shahar ke gunde
baaz na aawan

ke rang dhingrang
ke rang dhingrang
ke rang dhingrang

ke rang dhingrang
ke rang dhingrang
ke rang dhingrang

haathhon mein haath
?? ke kangan
?? rang

balle balle balle balle
?? chunari rang birangi ke ho gaye ??
ab ??

ke rang dhingrang
ke rang dhingrang
ke rang dhingrang

ho gori
jab se chali gayi dhali ho hamko

ho balle balle
to humko dard judaai mili
?? kaun hamaara
ab chale na chaara
ke rang dhingraari
ke rang dhingraari
ke rang dhingraari
ke rang dhingraari

shehron mein se shahar anokha
shahar hai ek Ambaala
ho Ambaale ki ek sundari
rang thha uska kaala
punjaab ke chhaile ne ae ae
is Punjaab ke chhaile ne thha usko jaadoo daala
chala gaya wo tod ke dil ko
bholi soorat waala
ab kahaan jaayegi haan
pher baithh ke maala
ab kahaan jaaogi
pher baithh ke maala
ab kahaan jaaogi
pher baithh ke maala
ab kahaan jaaogi
aa hahahaha

sadak kinaare ek chhokra
khada thha najar jamaaye
Raaja ki ek ladki dekhi
dekh ke bola haaye
kehne laga dil khaali hai

aay haay
kehne laga dil khaali hai
koi ismein aaye
ik ladki ne khol ke joote
sar pe khoob jamaaye
ro ro bole wo

koi mujhe banchaaye
ro ro bole wo
koi mujhe bachaaye
ro ro bole wo
koi mujhe bachaaye
ro ro bole wo o
aahaa

8 Responses to "Subah uthh ke Mirze yaar ne"

Video Clip:

Like

As usual a very informative post. And I liked that you have listed all the movies made with the immortal love stories as their theme.
If I may add- there was a Heer Ranjha in 1992 where Sridevi played Heer and Anil Kapoor Ranjha. That movie sank I think.
Another trivia that I remember is the 1984 Sohni- Mahiwal had Shammi Kapoor in the cast as a sage (special appearance) as also the 1992 Heer Ranjha (which I have not seen) as a Chacha or something.

Like

Thanks for the additional information.

Like

Reread this post. It is an ideal tribute post for Sardul Kwatra whose death anniversary falls tomorrow

Like

Could not resist myself. Post as usual – superlative. Full of authentic information told in your inimitable style. Made the day. THANKS.

Like

Thanks a lot for your kind remarks.

Like

Arun ji,
Wah! So informative and so nicely written.
Anu Malik has given some good songs in SOHNI MAHIWAL, and, of course, Mahinder Kapoor’s Chand chhupa is an evergreen song.

Is the present song based on a folk tune?

Like

drpradeepshetty87gmailcom ji,
Thanks for your appreciation.
I am not aware if above song is based on any Folk tune.
-AD

Like

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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