Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Aaj watan ne hamen pukaara

Posted on: August 15, 2022


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Blog Day :

5141 Post No. : 17102 Movie Count :

4616

Today (15 August 2022) is the 76th Independence day for India.So India has completed 75 years of independence. I have seen 60 Independence days. It is the 15th Independence day for the blog. This constitutes a nice 5:4:1 ratio.

Only 15 years had passed since independence when I was born. The country was still ruled by its first Prime Minister (Jawaharlal Nehru) and first President (Dr Rajendra Prasad). The country was still trying to find its feet. When I look back at the situation of India those days, India was in as bad shape as the most underdeveloped countries in Africa. The literacy rate was abysmal. Life expectancy was 32 years.

Here I present some important indices that India had in 1947. I have also provided figures for the same indices in 1962, 2008 and 2022. The change in values over the years have been quite remarkable.

Life expectancy in india in years
1947 1962 2008 2022
32 42 66 70

We can see that the life expectancy in India has become more than doubled from 32 years to 70 years.

Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births)
1947 1962 2008 2022
218 157 49 27

Infant mortality rate was quite alarming till a few decades ago. The figure of 27 deaths per 1000 live births is still unsatisfactory but it is a vast improvement from the figure of 1947.

Maternal mortality rate (per 100000 live births)
1947 1962 2008 2022
2000 1000 212 103

The Maternal mortality rate had improved by nearly 20 times in 75 years.

Literacy rate in India in %
1947 1962 2008 2022
12 % 29 % 70 % 77%

India was among the most illiterate nations on earth. Today Indian literacy rate is quite high and that has enabled India to take rapid strides in economic activities that require skilled manpower, viz service sector and manufacturing sector.

Population of India in crores
1947 1962 2008 2022
34 cr 47 cr 121 cr 140 cr

Indian population had quadrupled in 75 years.

Human Development Index
1947 1962 2008 2022
NA NA 0.563 0.645

Human development index was devised in 1990. It consists of indices of health, education and standard of living. As health, education and standard of living improves, so does HDI.

Agriculture production in Million tonnes
1947 1962 2008 2022
50 Million Tonnes (50 % of GDP) 71 Million tonnes 216 million tonnes 316 Million tonnes (17%)

Population has quadrupled whereas food grain production had increased more than six times. It had happened while agriculture sector is now contributing less than 20 % of GDP,  while it was over 50 % of GDP in 1947.

GDP in billion $
1947 1962 2008 2022
24 42 1200 3200

The figures are based on the current values of those years using exchange rate of those days.

GDP per capita in $
1947 1962 2008 2022
70 90 1000 2277

The figures are based on the current values of those years using exchange rate of those days.

One can notice that India, despite its problems, including wrong policy decisions and adverse geo political circumstances, has come up a long way in last 75 years. Now India seems poised to take its rightful place among the nations of the world. It is a matter of time (three decades in my estimate) before India will join the list of advanced nations of the world.

There are lots of things that can be mentioned here, but the above tables give us clear idea about the progress that India has made in various areas.

On this occasion, here is a song from an unreleased movie called ‘Aaj Watan Ne Hamen Pukaara’ (1970). The movie was made under the banner of Sangam Productions, Bombay. That is all the information that is known about this movie.

This song is sung by Rafi and chorus. Bismil Ludhianvi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Mohinder Kaur.

Lyrics of this rare song were sent to me by Avinash Scrapwala.

I take this opportunity to wish everyone a very happy 76th independence day.


Song-Aaj watan ne hamen pukaara (Aaj watan ne hamen pukaara)(UR)(1970) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics– Bismil Ludhianvi, MD-Mohinder Kaur
Chorus

Lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

aaj watan ne hamein pukaara
aa aa aa
aao apna farz nibhaa dein

aaj watan ne hamein pukaara
aao apna farz nibhaa dein aen
jai hind jai hind
aman pe jisne haath uthhaaya
julm ki wo buniyaad hilaa dein
jai hind jai hind
aaj watan ne hamein pukaara
aao apna farz nibhaa dein
jai hind jai hind
aman pe jisne haath uthaaya
julm ki wo buniyaad hilaa den
jai hind jai hind

o o o
o o o

wo aazaadi jiski khaatir
kal thhe sar katwaaye
wo aazaadi jiski khaatir
kal thhe sar katwaaye
kitne moti aur jawaahar
kaam watan ke aaye
jaliyaanwaala baagh mein
jo thhe khoon ki holi nahaaye
o ho ho ho
ham mein bhi wo khoon rawaan hain
dushman ko batlaa dein
ho ho
ho ho
ham mein bhi wo khoon rawaan hain
dushman ko batlaadein
dushman ko batlaadein

aaj watan ne hamein pukaara
aao apna farz nibhaa dein
jai hind jai hind
aman pe jisne haath uthhaaya
julm ki wo buniyaad hilaa den
jai hind jai hind

o o o
o o o

haq kisi ka koi dabaaye
wo hargiz insaan nahin
haq kisi ka koi dabaaye
wo hargiz insaan nahin
manavtaa ke dushman ki
koi isse badi pehchaan nahin
lok raaj se takkar lena
itna to aasaan nahin
ho ho ho
aankh uthha kar jisne dekha
uski aankh jhuka dein
ho ho
ho ho
aankh uthha kar jisne dekha
uski aankh jhuka dein
uski aankh jhuka dein

aaj watan ne hamein pukaara
aao apna farz nibhaa dein
jai hind jai hind
aman pe jisne haath uthhaaya
julm ki wo buniyaad hilaa den
jai hind jai hind
o o o
o o o

in haathon ki mehnat se jo hamne
dam usaare ae
in haathon ki mehnat se jo hamne
dam usaare ae
yahi hamaare mandir masjid aur
girje gurudwaare
naye hind ke naye bane ye
teerathsthaan hamaare
ho ho ho o
aanch na aane denge in par
chaahe jaan gawaa dein
ho ho o
ho ho o
aanch na aane denge in par
chaahe jaan gawaa dein
chaahe jaan gawaa dein

aaj watan ne hamein pukaara
aao apna farz nibhaa dein
jai hind jai hind
aman pe jisne haath uthhaaya
julm ki wo buniyaad hilaa dein
jai hind jai hind

o o o
o o o

daftar mein ham kaam karein
ya ham machine chalaayein
daftar mein ham kaam karein
ya ham machine chalaayein
kheton mein ham boyen paseena
aur sonaa upjaayen
sabhi morche hain mehnat ke
in par ham jut jaayein
ho ho o
sarhad par jo date huye hain
unkaa haath bataa dein
ho ho o
ho ho
sarhad par jo date huye hain
unkaa haath bataa dein
unkaa haath bataa dein

aaj watan ne hamein pukaara
aao apna farz nibhaa dein
jai hind jai hind
aman pe jisne haath uthhaaya
julm ki wo buniyaad hilaa dein
jai hind jai hind
jai hind jai hind
o o o o o
jai hind jai hind
jai hind jai hind
jai hind jai hind

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

आज वतन ने हमें पुकारा
आ आ आ
आओ अपना फर्ज़ निभा दें

आज वतन ने हमें पुकारा
आओ अपना फर्ज़ निभा दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द
अम्न पे जिसने हाथ उठाया
जुल्म की वो बुनियाद हिला दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द
आज वतन ने हमें पुकारा
आओ अपना फर्ज़ निभा दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द
अम्न पे जिसने हाथ उठाया
जुल्म की वो बुनियाद हिला दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द

ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ ओ

वो आज़ादी जिसकी खातिर
कल थे सर कटवाए
वो आज़ादी जिसकी खातिर
कल थे सर कटवाए
कितने मोती और जवाहर
काम वतन के आए
जलियाँवाला बाग में जो थे
खून की होली नहाये
ओ हो हो हो
हम में भी वो खून रवां है
दुश्मन को बतला दें
हो हो
हो हो
हम में भी वो खून रवां है
दुश्मन को बतला दें
दुश्मन को बतला दें

आज वतन ने हमें पुकारा
आओ अपना फर्ज़ निभा दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द
अम्न पे जिसने हाथ उठाया
जुल्म की वो बुनियाद हिला दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द

ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ ओ

हक़ किसी का कोई दबाये
वो हरगिज़ इंसान नहीं
हक़ किसी का कोई दबाये
वो हरगिज़ इंसान नहीं
मानवता के दुशमन की
कोई इससे बड़ी पहचान नहीं
लोक राज से टक्कर लेना
इतना तो आसान नहीं
हो हो हो
आँख उठा कर जिसने देखा
उसकी आँख झुका दें
हो हो
हो हो
आँख उठा कर जिसने देखा
उसकी आँख झुका दें
उसकी आँख झुका दें

आज वतन ने हमें पुकारा
आओ अपना फर्ज़ निभा दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द
अम्न पे जिसने हाथ उठाया
जुल्म की वो बुनियाद हिला दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द

ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ ओ

इन हाथों के मेहनत से
जो हमने डैम उसारे
इन हाथों के मेहनत से
जो हमने डैम उसारे
यही हमारे मंदिर मस्जिद
और गिरजे गुरुद्वारे
नए हिन्द के नए बने ये
तीर्थस्थान हमारे
हो हो हो ओ
आंच नहीं आने देंगे इन पर
चाहे जां गवां दें
हो हो ओ
हो हो ओ
आंच नहीं आने देंगे इन पर
चाहे जां गवां दें
चाहे जां गवां दें

आज वतन ने हमें पुकारा
आओ अपना फर्ज़ निभा दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द
अम्न पे जिसने हाथ उठाया
जुल्म की वो बुनियाद हिला दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द

ओ ओ ओ
ओ ओ ओ

दफ्तर में हम काम करें या
हम मशीन चलाएं
दफ्तर में हम काम करें या
हम मशीन चलाएं
खेतों में हम बोएं पसीना
और सोना उपजाएँ
सभी मोर्चे हैं मेहनत के
इन पर हम जुट जाएँ
हो हो ओ
सरहद पर जो जुटे हुये हैं
उनका हाथ बटा दें
हो हो ओ
हो हो ओ
सरहद पर जो जुटे हुये हैं
उनका हाथ बटा दें
उनका हाथ बटा दें

आज वतन ने हमें पुकारा
आओ अपना फर्ज़ निभा दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द
अम्न पे जिसने हाथ उठाया
जुल्म की वो बुनियाद हिला दें
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द
ओ ओ ओ ओ ओ
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द
जय हिन्द जय हिन्द

5 Responses to "Aaj watan ne hamen pukaara"

Atul ji,
Thanks again for one more well researched and documented post on an important topic. There is no doubt that as the time passed, India’s progress in various fields improved. During the congress rule the progress was NOT due to the government’s efforts but from the people on their own. But for the corruption and foolish interpretation of more foolish laws, the progress would have been faster, I feel.
Anyway, the present government has kept its focus on development and tries to facilitate it by government help in easing the processes-instead of stalling them to get bribes- and thus we see the rate of positive increase in every field.
One of the most important change I see now is that every Indian feels proud of being an Indian and is seen by the world as a real developing country. Respect for everything Indian has increased many folds.
Thanks to the present leadership which is focussed on progress in every field.
Thanks again for a thoughtful post-as always !
-AD

Like

Thanks for appreciation. The figures are eye openers and also give us an idea of the rate of progress during various phases. The progress during the last few years has been quite rapid. All that calls for some other posts.

Like

Happy 76th Independence Day to All …!!!
Thanks for this well researched post Atul ji highlighting our achievements to the important indices 1947 – 2022. We have come a long way in the history of humanity and nations. And yes, though its a matter of time, to have our country in the ranks of the most developed nations on this planet, as ‘citizens’ of this country we need to put more efforts and focus more on ‘our duties towards our nation’.
Many thanks for presenting this song on the blog.
Thanks and regards,

Like

Dear Group Members, Contributors, Readers,

This is a request to kindly refrain from posting opinions/commentary which are political or racial or otherwise controversial in nature.

This blog is dedicated to music. There are other forums where such opinions and discussions can be aired.

Thanks to all
Sincerely
Sudhir

Like

Atul Ji,
Thanks for the uplifting post presenting the progress made by India. Grain production rate of increase overtaking population rise was an eye opener for me.Appropriate song accompanies the post.

Like

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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