Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Saraswati Devi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4751 Post No. : 16486 Movie Count :

4479

Today’s song is from the film Maharani Minal Devi-1946. This film was made by Lakshmi Productions, Bombay, owned by the Director Chimanlal Trivedi. This film was made on a remarkable historical personality from Gujarat.

Bombay film industry has made more than 12000 films so far, on various Genres, but it’s score on making films on Historical Indian personalities is very pathetic. While films on Mughal Kings, Queens and other personalities were made in all decades since the films started talking, not much focus was given on Indian historyHero and Heroines. Not that no films were made at all on them, but if you see its number, there can not be a justification for the large gap.

In the history of India, there were hundreds of such worthy sons and daughters who fought for the country, brought social reforms, did extraordinary work for the people and generally did things for which the country remembers them proudly. Actually,in every state of India, there are Heroes and Heroines who did a lot of good work for the people, in the past few hundred years. Sadly, Hindi films are very poor on this count.

However, I find that regional cinemas are way ahead of Hindi cinema in this matter. Particularly I would quote Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Bangla films in the first list. The second list is of Marathi and Oriya films. Mind you, I am not talking about films on religious personalities and saints like Kabir, Tulsida etc. Even in this category, very few are the subject matter of Hindi films.

People like Rana Pratap, Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar, Rabindranath Tagore, Dhondo Keshav Karve, Rani Chennamma etc etc deserved Hindi films. The entire focus was on Mughals and those who came from outside.The regional films at least did some justice by making films on their Heroes/heroines. Tamil and Bangla films are leaders in this. The strong Regional Pride was the causal factor essentially but honouring heroes is a matter of appreciation. Films on Babar, Humayun, Shahjehan, Bahadurshah Zafar and the likes of them are made in plenty, for obvious reasons, but how many films were made on Savarkar, Shivaji, Rana Pratap, Ashoka the great, Jhansi ki Rani etc ? Leave the older ones. Are there films on Indira Gandhi, Nehru, Gandhi ? A British person had to come here to make a film on Gandhi !

During the British rule – till 1947 – it was probably not possible, allowed or was risky, but since 1947 till date what was the problem ? I feel sad at this state of affairs in making films. Luckily, in the last few years, some enterprising filmmakers have dared to make films on Indian Heroes. I do hope that the situation will improve further and films on Indian heroes/Heroines (there are plenty of them) will be made.

Film maharani Minal devi-1946 is a film on a brave, intelligent, kind and Patriotic personality from Gujarat. I could not get any information on her, the story of the film or other details. Fortunately, I could find a site http://www.streeshakti.com, wherein I found a note on her. here it is to get an idea who she was and what she did….

“Minal Devi or Mayanalla, a famous queen of eleventh century Gujarat, is remembered as an able and just administrator. She was the daughter of Jayakeshin, a king of the Kadamba dynasty in Karnataka and was married to Karna I, a Chalukya king of Anahillapatanawada who met an early death, leaving his queen and young son Siddharaja Jayasimha. Minal Devi acted as regent for her son, who went on to become a legendary hero. An incident described in Rajashekhar Suri’s Prabandha Kosha testifies to the fact that she inspired him in many of his warlike exploits.
She also managed affairs of state, built several monuments and lakes and was responsible for the remission of the tax on pilgrims visiting the Somnath temple. Two lakes built in her period were Minalasar or Munsar near Viramgam and Malva at Dhavalakka or Dholka in Ahmedabad. According to legend, there was a house owned by a woman at the proposed site of the lake Malva, which needed to be demolished to give the lake a regular shape. The queen offered a big sum of money to the woman for her house, but she refused, saying, ‘I shall be famous with your lake,’ thus threatening to sacrifice her life if her house was touched. The queen did not coerce her, showing herself to be a just ruler. This event led to the Gujarati saying: ‘If you want to see justice, go to Dholka and have a look at Malva lake.’

Minal Devi is mentioned with high esteem in contemporary literature. A Sanskrit play entitled Mudritakumudachandra-prakarana depicts a learned dispute between the Digambaras and Svetambaras, the two major Jain sects. One topic in this dispute is whether a woman can achieve salvation. The Svetambaras here claim that women possessing sattwa (identity: an inner quality of goodness) could attain salvation and cite Sita from mythology and Minal Devi in the court of Siddharaja Jayasimha as examples.”

The film had 7 songs written by two lyricists, composed by Saraswati Devi-the music Director. The film was directed by Chimanlal Trivedi. The cast of the film was Prem Adeeb, Leela desai, Durga Khote, Jagdish bSethi, Agha, Sankatha prasad and many others. Director Chimanlal trivedi was a remarkable enterprising person.

Chimanlal Trivedi, was one of the major filmmakers of the 30s and the 40s decade. He was more a Producer businessman than a Director. While he directed hardly 7 films, he produced close to 50 films- all having A grade actors, directors and composers !

Born on 19-3-1909 at a village near Anand in Gujarat he was from a Brahmin family. He did his schooling in Ahmedabad and technical graduation from Baroda. Being an expert in weaving, he took up a job as a weaving Master in Calcutta. Fond of writing, he started writing Dramas, which were staged in Bengal and Gujarat. He was attracted towards Cinema and tried some work in New Theatres. Knowing that the real playing field is Bombay he reached there. He wrote stories for the film Chevrolet-36 and Danger Signal-37 for Mohan pictures.

He established his own production company CIRCO (Cine Industries Recording COmpany) in 1937. By 1943, he had made 12 films. He preferred not to direct his films, but appointed directors like Mohan Sinha for Laxmi-40, Anuradha-40 and Vanmala-41, Balwant Bhatt for Suhag-40 and Madhusudan-41, A R Kardar for Swami-41 and Nai Duniya-42 and Debki Bose for Apna Ghar-42.

He had the art of getting the most popular stars for his films like, Prithviraj kapoor, Chandramohan, Durga Khote,Mazhar khan, Bibbo,Surendra, Jairaj, Sitara, Jeevan, Yaqub, Shobhana Samarth, Prem Adeeb, Vishnupant Pagnis,Leela Desai, Pahadi Sanyal, Shanta Apte and many others. Even big directors like Debki Bose,Nitin Bose, Kardar,Mohan Sinha, Sarvottam Badami, Nandlal Jaswantlal,Profull Roy, Sudhir Sen, R S Chaudhary, Phani mujumdar, Balwant Bhatt etc. worked for him. From Prabhat he brought Shanta Apte for Rs.1000 pm, and also Chandramohan, Pagnis and Mazhar khan. His friend Chandulal Shah followed his way and brought K L Saigal from New Theatres !

C L Trivedi was an expert in gathering funds for his films. After CIRCO at Parel, he started Laxmi Productions at Andheri, in 1942. He made mera Gaon,Sharafat,Bhagya Laxmi,Kadambari,Tamanna,Inkaar,Mohabbat,Miss Devi etc. In 1951, it was Supreme Pictures, Trivedi Productions was in 1952, Kala Kendra in 1953 and with Chitra Bharati in 1954, he made 13 films upto 1961. Top Composers like Timir Baran,Ashok Ghosh,Rafiq Gaznavi,K C Dey,Saraswati Devi,Husnlal-Bhagatram and Naushad gave music to his films.

In the end, he turned to Stage and started Abhinay Bharati. He staged many dramas in Bombay and Gujarat. Chimanlal always went for big names. He had close relations with Nehru, Menon, Morarji Desai, and other National leaders. His wife Kantaben was a Leader herself. Chimanlal Trivedi died on 25-11-1973. His wife, 3 sons and a daughter settled in the USA.

It may be a coincidence, but Gujarati businessmen like Chimanlal Trivedi, Chimanlal Desai,Chimanlal Luhar, Chaturbhuj Doshi, Chimankant Desai, Chunibhai Desai and Chandulal Shah made sizable contribution to Hindi cinema in the first 20 years of the Talkie era. All names started with CH ( ? ) !

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari dubey. With this song the film makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song- Ae maina madhubaina tu kehna sajan se (Maharani Minal Devi)(1946) Singer- Rajkumari Dubey, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Saraswati Devi

Lyrics

Ae maina
madhubaina
tu kehna sajan se
sapnon mein aaye na
Ae maina
madhubaina
tu kehna sajan se
sapnon mein aaye na
chupke chupke
nindiya churaaye na
chupke chupke
nindiya churaaye na
sapnon mein aaye na

raat ko jab main sudh budh khowoon
nindiya ka main jhoola jhooloon
chanda ki kirnon mein chhupke
muskaata wo aaye
chanda ki kirnon mein chhupke
muskaata wo aaye
dheere dheere man mein samaaye
soye peer jagaaye
main man ki
main man ki us ko poochhoon
wo bhed na kuchh batlaayen
wo bhed na kuchh batlaayen
main pallaa uska pakdoon
main pallaa uska pakdoon
wo apna aap chhudaaye
wo apna aap chhudaaye
isi raar mein sapna toote
aankh meri khul jaaye ae ae
aankh meri khul jaaye

aankh khule to yaad mein unki
gaaun geet piya ke
gaaun geet piya ke
taaron ki aankhon mein chhupke
phir wo kare ishaare
phir wo kare ishaare

sun ree pyaari koyal kaali
sun ree pyaari koyal kaali
jaa ke sajan ko keh de aali ee ee ee
keh de aali
bhola sa man mera
bhola hai man
bhola sa man mera
bhola hai man
kisi ko tarsaaye na
sapnon mein aaye na
kisi ko tarsaaye na
sapnon mein aaye na


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4503 Post No. : 16041

Today’s song is from an early era film- Jeewan Naiya-1936.

The film was produced by Bombay Talkies. This was their just the second full length Talkie film, since the company was started. How Bombay Talkies was conceived, established and became one of the India’s top film studios has been told several times- here and on the Internet. They were pioneers and pall bearers of making films on social evils of Indian society, led by their senior in this field – Prabhat Film Co., which was started a few years earlier.

Himanshu Rai the owner of BT (Bombay Talkies), was born in an illustrious Bengali family in 1892.After graduation, he was sent to England to practice Law. But once he landed in London, he became a participant in London’s Theatre scenes. Devika Rani- the grand niece of Rabindranath Tagore and daughter of Col. M N Chaudhary was born at Waltair (now Vishakhapatanam) in 1908. At the age of 16, she sailed for England on a scholarship from Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts and also R.A. of Music-both at London. Rai was introduced to her at a party, He offered her a job of designing Costumes for his films. After 3 years, they got married.

They came back to India and in 1934, Bombay Talkies was established. In 1935, its first Talkie film ” Jawani ki Hawa “-35 was made with Devika Rani and the handsome Najmul Hasan, as the lead pair. During this film, they fell in love. The shooting of the next film started. The film was ” Jeewan Naiya-36′. About 40 % shooting was done and suddenly, the lead pair of Devika Rani and Najmul hasan eloped to Calcutta. BT was shattered. Shashadhar Mukherji rushed to Calcutta and met Devika Rani in Grand Hotel. he managed to convince her to return to Bombay. At this time, she is said to have made a partnership deal with Rai for BT as the price to return. They both came back….without Najmul Hasan !

Actually, Himanshu Rai was already married once to an Austrian girl. They had a son also. He was 16 years older than Devika Rani, but still he married her, considering the benefits his film company would have if a ‘ Home Heroine” was available. He was highly business minded and Devika Rani knew this. She understood that situation and wanted her price to come back to Himanshu Rai’s professional married life. Her shrewdness came out in open after Rai’s death in 1940 and when she handled BT affairs dictatorially.

As a replacement to hero Najmul Hasan, Ashok Kumar was selected. In his screen test the cinematographer Joseph Virsinghe approved him but director Franz Osten had objections. Despite that he was selected by Himanshu Rai. He also changed Kumudlal Ganguly’s name to only ASHOK KUMAR. 4 films – Jeevan Naiya, Achhoot kanya, Izzat and Janmabhoomi were planned for next one year, roughly one film every 3 months. The staff of Bombay Talkies was unhappy with Devika Rani after what she did to Himanshu Rai, but Shashadhar mukherji took a meeting and tried to convince the staff. This had a reverse effect. Devika Rani thought that he instigated the staff against her and their relations soured. This ultimately resulted in Shashadhar and few others leaving BT and starting Filmistan in 1942.

There is another story of the entry of Ashok kumar into the film……Najmul Hussian played the lead role opposite Devika Rani when shooting began. Rani developed a strong crush on her hero, and on a break during the shoot, she ran away with him. The producer Himansu Rai, was Rani’s husband, and he was up in arms at this situation. However, Rani returned to him soon after, but he was in no mood to work with Hussain again. As the film was already half done, this presented a problem. One of his colleagues suggested that he finish the film by casting his laboratory assistant, whose side profile matched that of Najmul Hussain’s, and use creative lighting and shadows for the rest of the scenes so that the audience is not aware of the ‘switch’. This idea clicked with Rai and he successfully completed the film with the new hero. That lucky lab assistant was Ashok Kumar, and thus began his acting career. (Thanks to IMDB)

This was the background of the film Jeewan Naiya-1936. The story was written by Niranjan pal. The story was

“Lata (Devika Rani), daughter of a dancing girl, is brought up by social worker Mathuradas (Prasad) and is engaged to marry the rich Ranjit (Ashok Kumar) when the villain Chand (S.N. Tripathi) arrives to blackmail her with her undisclosed ancestry. Lata is forced to disclose the truth to Ranjit and the assembled wedding guests. Ranjit disowns her but they are reunited when Ranjit, blinded by an explosion, is nursed back to health by a devoted woman who turns out to be his wife. ”
(Thanks to IMDB) .

The film’s dialogues were by J S Casshyap, production incharge was N R Acharya and the film was directed by a German-without knowing Hindi- Franz Osten.

Very few people know that Indian Cinema had a little known connection with the rise of Hitler in Germany in 1932-33. A group of men , engaged in Cinema in Germany, flocked to India in the 30’s and played a vital role in Indian Cinema and the arts of that time. After Hitler took over Germany in 1933, the German Cine Studio’s glory days were over and they were turned into Nazi Propaganda Machines !

It was at this time that several of its men ( mostly persecuted Jews) left the studio and some arrived in India, and contributed to Indian cinema’s formative years.

The foremost among them is Frantz Osten, a German whom Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani met at the UFA when they went to train there (they worked with Lang and Marlene Dietrich). Osten had already been directing films for the couple since 1925, when he made Light of Asia for them from Germany.

In 1934, he came to India and the next year, after Rai founded Bombay Talkies ‘ the legendary film studio in Malad that now lies in ruins,’ Osten directed its first film, ‘ Jawani ki Hawa’-1935.

He went on to direct the famous Devika Rani-Ashok Kumar starrer, Achhut Kanya, without much knowledge of Hindi. The film, which featured the song “Main ban ke chiriya”, was shot by Cinematographer Joseph Wirsching; the sets were designed by Karl von Spreti, the laboratory was headed by Zolle, and the sound recordist was Len Heartley. This was Osten’s team of UFA ex-members who worked for Rai’s state-of-the-art studio.

Osten and his fellow Germans directed 16 films for Rai. It was a remarkable feat for people who knew little Hindi, mistaking the word “bulbul” once, for a pair of bulls.

“It’s not clear if they had anything to do with the Nazi ideology, either way,” said film historian Amrit Gangar.

“If they did, it did not show in their films. But there were two other people who almost certainly migrated to India because of the persecution of Jews.”

Franz Osten(23-12-1876 to 2-12-1956) Hindi director, was born in Munich as Franz Ostermayer, the elder brother of successful producer Peter Ostermayer. They set up a travelling cinema, Original Physograph (1907) and founded Munchner Kunstfilm (1909) after Osten had been making shorts for Pathé, Gaumont and Eclair. Their first feature: Die Wahrheit (1910). Osten’s début as director: Erna Valeska (1911). War correspondent in 1915. Joined Peter’s company Emelka (later Bavaria Film) in 1918. Made Der Ochsenkrieg (1920) with young cameraman Frank Planer of later Hollywood fame, one of Osten’s several contributions to a budding genre that after WW2 became known as the Heimatfilm. In fact, the Ostermayr/Osten brothers claimed to be the originators of the genre.

When Himansu Rai and Emelka made a deal to produce Prem Sanyas aka Light of Asia, Osten was assigned to direct. Continued directing Rai’s productions, often shooting in India as well as in Europe, in addition to directing for numerous companies in Berlin. Moved with cameraman Josef Wirsching and set designer Karl von Spreti to India to work at Himansu Rai’s Bombay Talkies (1934).

While in Bombay, became a member of the Nazi Party (1936). He was interned by the British at the outbreak of WW2 while shooting his last film there, Kangan. Released and allowed to return to Germany (1940). Employed by Bavaria Film until 1945, for casting and setting up its film archive. In addition to Indian films, directed 33 silent features and 10 sound films.

After WW2 became manager of a Bavarian spa. His Indian films, following UFA tradition, were huge Orientalist spectacles with elephants, camels and expansive vistas often shot in deep focus. Effective authorship shared by producer Rai and scenarist Niranjan Pal. Adopted European conventions to introduce main actors, e.g. backlit mid-shots in soft focus gradually becoming more contrasted; also used mobile outdoor shots as in the railway-crossing sequence of Achhut Kanya. Strongly influenced younger Bombay Talkies film-makers Amiya Chakrabarty and Gyan Mukherjee, though they used his techniques for very different purposes.

Filmography-1925: Prem Sanyas, 1928: Shiraz, 1929: Prapancha Pash, 1935: Jawani Ki Hawa, 1936: Achhut Kanya, Janmabhoomi, Jeevan Naiya, Mamata, Miya Bibi, 1937: Izzat, Jeevan Prabhat, Prem Kahani, Savitri, 1938: Bhabhi, Nirmala, Vachan, 1939: Durga, Kangan, Navjeevan.

Who was Najmul Hasan and what happened to him later ? Najmul Hasan was born on 5-9-1910, into a noble family of Lucknow. He was tall and very handsome and was bitten by the urge to act in the films. He left his Law studies and headed for Bombay. He met Sarojini Naidu, who was a family friend. She recommended his name to Himanshu Rai Strongly. His Screen test was taken in which he passed. Though at first sight, Himanshu Rai was not impressed with his manner of behaviour, he still selected him for the First film of Bombay Talkies, opposite Devika Rani in Jawani ki Hawa-1935.

During Jawani ki Hawa-35- which was loosely based on Agatha Christie’s “Murder On The Orient Express”, published in 1934 only- Devika Rani fell in love with Najmul Hasan and they decided to elope. Their second film- Jeewan Naiyya-36 was on floor and the love birds flew to Calcutta. There was a great commotion in Bombay Talkies. Shashdhar Mukherji the production manager was close to his Bengali Boss Himanshu Roy. Mukherjee traced the couple to Calcutta, met Devika Rani and convinced her to return to Himanshu. Devika Rani returned, Himanshu Roy pardoned her, but not Najmul Hasan.

Najmul Hasan did not come back to Bombay. He joined New Theatres in Calcutta and did films like Anath Ashram-37,Dushman-38,Kapal kundala-39,Jawani ki Reet-39 and Nartaki-40. Even in Calcutta, Najmul Hassan had a rocking affair with superstar Jahan Ara Kajjan. After doing film Meenakshi-42, Najmul Hasan decided to migrate to Pakistan in 1947. In Pakistan he did some films like Eid-1951, Ashiyana, Doctor, Mirza Jatt, Taxi Driver and Heer Ranjha etc.

Najmul Hasan, a very bitter man for the treatment he received in Pakistan, died in 1980 in Pakistan.

Today’s song is sung by Chandraprabha. With this song she makes her debut on this Blog as a singer. This is a typical song of the 30’s, fully impacted with Parsi Theatre music.

(information for this post has been taken from thebigindianpicture.com, Bombay Talkies-an article by Ambarish Mishra, indiancine.ma and my notes. Thanks to all.)


Song-Re mann kaahe soch kare (Jeewan Naiyya)(1936) Singer- Chandraprabha, Lyricist- J S Casshyap, MD- Saraswati Devi

Lyrics

Re mann kaahe soch kare ae
Re mann kaahe soch kare ae
ye jeewan hai
hansne ke jiye
ye jeewan hai
hansne ke jiye
re man kaahe
soch kare
hari shyam ghata
ke aanchal se
?? mukhda
?? hai
??
?? ghadiyaan
dil se gham ko
?? jaati hai
dukh jaata hai
sukh aata hai
kat’te hain din hanste hanste
re man kaahe soch kare ae
re man kaahe
re man kaahe soch kare ae
ye jeewan hai hanse ke liye
re man kaahe
re man kaahe
re man kaahe


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4376 Post No. : 15718

Today’s song is from the film Amrapali-1945. The film was made by Murlitone. This historical film was directed by Nandlal Jaswantlal. The music was composed by Saraswati devi, who had left Bombay Talkies, after the exit of Devika Rani. The 11 songs of the film were written by Miss Kamal, B.A.. Most readers who are knowledgeable about the vintage films of the 40’s know that Miss Kamal, B.A. was a pseudonym of Kavi Pradeep. At that time, he was under contract with Bombay Talkies and could not use his real name . Under this Pen name, he wrote lyrics for four films, namely Kadambari-44, Amrapali-45, Sati Toral-47 and Veerangana-47. Incidentally, all these films were directed by Nandlal Jaswantlal.

Nandlal was born on 15-3-1907 at Bardoli in Surat. His father was Admin. Officer in Kohinoor films. He started his career by joining it in 1924. He assisted Chandulal Shah(1926-29) and also directed silent and Talkie films for Ranjit from 1929 to 1933. Nandlal left the job and went to Europe on tour. On his return he joined the Imperial company(34-36) and directed some remakes of silent films of Sulochana into Talkie films. For one year-1937- he went to Madras and ran a Laboratory also.

His first Talkie film as a Director was Pardesi preetam-33 and last was Akeli mat jaiyo-63. Both were Ranjit films. Due to his death in 1961, Akeli mat Jaiyo was delayed and completed by Chandulal Shah himself. Best known for his later Filmistan musicals: Anarkali (with Bina Rai and music by C. Ramchandra) and Nagin (with Vyjayanthimala), one of the biggest post-Independence musical hits. Admired for his sophisticated lighting (with cameraman Pandurang Naik). Used extreme close-ups and unusual angles creating disjointed but dramatic and sensual spaces (e.g. the beginning of Anarkali). Last film Akeli Mat Jaiyo was completed by Chandulal Shah. Apparently filmed many of the famous song sequences of M. Sadiq’s musical Taj Mahal (1963).

FILMOGRAPHY: 1929: Jawani Diwani; Pardesi Saiyan; 1930: Pahadi Kanya; 1931: Premi Jogan; Ghunghatwali (all St); 1933: Pardesi Preetam; 1934: Indira MA; Kashmeera; 1935: Pujarini; 1936: Bambai Ki Billi; Jungle Queen; 1939: Jeevan Saathi; 1941: Kamadhenu; 1943: Pratigya; 1944: Kadambari; 1945: Amrapali; 1945: Sati Toral; Veerangana; 1951: Sanam; 1953: Anarkali; 1954: Nagin; 1956: Taj; 1957: Champakali; 1963: Akeli Mat Jaiyo (1963). (Thanks to Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema.)

In film Amrapali-45, the film story was by Ramchandra Thakur. Actually, this was based on Thakur’s own famous novel Amrapali. The dialogues were by Munshi Dil. The film, made under the banner of Murli Cinetone, was shot entirely in the Andheri studios of Lakshmi productions. The story of Amrapali is a real story, which took place in the times of Gautam Buddha. Although the original novel of Tamchandra Thakur depicted the reality in his book very nicely, the film story was twisted and under the guise of taking ‘ Cinematic liberty’, the main events of the story were drastically changed, twisting the history. Comparatively, the film ‘Amrapali’ made later in 1966 was much better. At least it did not change the original story. Amrapali or Ambapalika’s story is mentioned in old Pali language Texts and Buddhist literature.

The cast of the film was Prem Adib, Sabita Devi,Jeevan, Arun Ahuja, Jagdish Sethi, Badri Prasad, Sankatha Prasad, Gulab etc.etc. This film was special for its Heroine, because it was her last film as an actress. In the silent era, many Anglo Indian, Jew and European girls acted in films. They were preferred too, for their free uninhibited acting. Kissing and hugging was no problem for them. However, when the Talkie films arrived, most of these girls had to leave films, because they could not speak Hindi or sing a song. Only some few dedicated actresses from the lot like Sulochana (Ruby Meyers), Sabita Devi (Irina Gasper) etc, continued in films, because they learnt Hindi and singing, with great efforts.

The real name of Sabita Devi was IRINA GASPER. She was an Anglo-Indian,born in an affluent family of Calcutta, in 1914.

After completing education she wanted to join films, but her family objected. Without the family’s knowledge, she sent her resume and Photo to British Dominion Film Co., owned by Dhiren Ganguly in Calcutta. When they informed their consent the family resisted and kept her locked in the house. She fell ill and finally, the family conceded to her wish.

Her first Silent film was Flames of Flesh-1930. Then came Kanthahaar, A touch of Love, After the death, Aparadhi, Money makes what not and Bhagyalaxmi as silent films.

When the talkie came, she determinedly learnt Hindustani and Urdu and also Music.
Her first Talkie film was Radhakrishna-33, in which she sang 16 out of 23 songs in the film, but no records were made. Next was Ek din ka Badshah-33. She shifted to Bombay for better opportunities. In 1934,came Shahar ka Jaadu,with Motilal as a debut actor and this film was a Hit. Later she and Motilal became a popular pair.

She did many films. Her some films were-
300 days and after, Apki marzi, kokila, Kulvadhu, Amrapali, Ladies only, Chandragupta, Chingari, Dr.madhurika, grihalaxmi, holiday in bombay, Jeevan Lata, King for a day, Lagna bandhan, Manmaani, , Phantom Of the hills, Silver king, vengeance is mine, Village Girl etc etc. In all, she acted in 23 Talkie films and sang 15 recorded songs in 7 films.

She was a good Piano and Harmonium player. In later days in 1943 onwards, she stopped singing herself. Her last picture was Amrapali-45.

In 1946, she got married and left for England. She came back again only to die in Calcutta in 1965.

The story of Amrapali or Ambalika as per history and the Pali literature is.. Amrapali was a Nagarvadhu (Public Courtesan) in the kingdom of Vaishali (present day Bihar), and the king of the neighbouring Magadha kingdom fell in her love. To get her, he attacks Vaishali and wins. However, before he approaches Amrapali, she has transformed into an Arihant (a female Monk), after her encounter with Gautam Buddha.

This simple story was twisted and many side plots were added to it, thereby making the filma drab one, without evoking any excitement. Sabita devi in her 30’s and Prem Adib’s growing in size, after his own marriage and huge success of film Ram Rajya in 1943, were not suitable anymore for Romantic roles. All in all, the film was not a successful one. According to Baburao Patel’s review of the film,the technical aspects of the film were excellent. These are, in any way, not of any cognisance by the audience. The film was released on 2-11-1945 at Roxy theatre, Bombay.

Today’s song is a very good Marching song. This must be at the time of motivating Vaishali’s people when Magadh sena attacked them. It reminded me of the Marching song ‘ Zindagi hai pyar se’ from the film Sikandar-1941. This is the third song Aamrapali (1945) to appear on this Blog.


Song-Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re (Aamrpaali)(1945) Singer-Ameerbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Saraswati Devi
Chorus

Lyrics

Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re
jaag re
jaag re
Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re

apne desh ka wo jal raha hai baag re
apne desh ka wo jal raha hai baag re
apni maata ka
apni dharti ka lut raha suhaag re
naujawaan jaag re
Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawan jaag re
jaag re

jaag re
jaag re
jaag re

?? jo aag chaaron oar
??
takraane do
takraane do
maidaan mein talwaar se talwaar

hey karmveer jaago
hey shoorveer jaago
ranbheri baj rahi hai
praanon ka moh tyaago
aazaadi ke matwaalon
shamsheer ab uthhaalo
aazaadi ke matwaalon
shamsheer ab uthhaalo
apni izzat pe lag na jaaye daag re
naujawaan jaag re
Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawan jaag re
naujawaanjaag re
naujawaan jaag re

(jaag re
jaag re
jaag re)

hey ae ae
kisi ke aage jhukna mat
jhukna mat
jhukna mat
kadam badhaa ke rukna mat
rukna mat
rukna mat

o naujawaan
naujawaan
desh maangta hai aaj tera balidaan
o naujawaan
desh maangta hai aaj tera balidaan
tera balidaan
tu khud ko mita de
sarwasw lutaa de
aaj dushman se khul ke khel phaag re
naujawaan jaag re

aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re

aaj apne ghar mein lagai aag re
aaj apne ghar mein lagai aag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4341 Post No. : 15642 Movie Count :

4308

Today’s song is from the film Dr.Kumar-44. It was a film made by Minerva Movietone and it was directed by a multi faceted debutante, Kishore Sharma. I tried hard to find out information about Kishore Sharma and I was pleased to get a full page article, with photos, on Kishore Sharma, somewhere on the Internet. But when I started reading it, I realised that this person was a different one. Born in the mid 1950s, he was a well known Punjabi film actor. I was not only disappointed, but I also got a hearty laugh, that a person who writes on different artistes causing the ” same name confusions”, got confused himself with a same name actor ! Ha Ha !!

Film Dr. Kumar’s Kishore Sharma started directing films with this film and went on to direct 4 more films, namely Zanjeer-47, Middle Fail-48, Biwi-50 and Shisham-52. As per CITWF, he seems to have worked as an actor also, in Shriman Satyavadi-60, Ek din ka Badshah-64 and Lal Bungla-66. I also found his name as an assistant to Music Director Usha Khanna for the film Achha Bura-1983. That was the end of his information for me.

The film industry in Mumbai is truly a Maya Nagari. people from all over India flock to this city, with a hope to make a career in films. Not all succeed. In fact, most fail and few lucky ones only make it – some with struggle, some with ” useful connections” and yet some with sheer Luck. This has been going on since films started being made here. All the studios used to hire hefty, strong Pathans at their studio gates to ward off the hopefuls as well as those who wanted to have a look at their favourite stars.

While 99.99 % Film people wanted to join the film line, there were 0.01 % people who got into films without even dreaming about it. Difficult to believe ? But it is 100 % true. We will see some cases.

This is the story of a young man named Ramnarayan Venkat Sarma, from Madras. He was highly educated. He was B.A.,M.Litt in Carnatic music and Dance. He was also a research fellow for his Ph.D. He was Managing Editor of the magazine ” Natyam”. He had also learnt Fencing (sword fighting) as a hobby. He participated in some drama staged by his college. Mr. Kittoo, an employee of Gemini Studio attended that programme. Impressed with Ramnarayan, he informed director Raghavachari, the next day at the studio. They went immediately to visit his home early next day, but at a nearby Bus stop, Kittoo saw Ramnarayan in the Bus Queue. They called him and took him to the studio, where he was offered a role of Gautam Budha in a Tamil film, ” Ashok kumar’-1941. Surprised, Ramnarayan accepted it. He was billed as R.Ramani, B.A. in the film. He was given his new film name by Jiten Banerjee of Newtone Studios. And thus RANJAN became a Hero in more than 50 films !

From the late 30s to late 50s, actor singer Parshuram was a known name. He too entered films by chance. His father was very poor. He brought him to Bombay. One day his father carried him on his shoulders, while crossing the Gokhale bridge in Dadar. Parshuram, as was his habit, started singing. A person followed them for quite some time and then stopped them. After usual enquiries, that person – V.Shantaram – asked the father to leave Parshuram in his custody at Prabhat Studios to make him an actor in films. Thus Parshuram grew up in Prabhat and acted in several films there.

The original natural actor Motilal had gone to Sagar studios to watch the film shooting, with a friend. Director K P Ghosh saw him and offered him a Hero’s role in films. Motilal, having lost the chance to join the Navy due to sudden illness, was surprised to no end, but agreed and history was created.

There are other examples like Meena Shorey, or Sarvottam Badami or Ashok Kumar and a few more cases. Why I related all this was to stress the point that Fate can get you anywhere, whether you try for it, do not dream for it, or even are forced to opt for it – like actress Rajkumari Shukla. In the decade of the 40s, the name of Rajkumari Shukla, was quite well known for motherly or side roles. She did not join films by choice, but for making a living, she was forced by circumstances to join films and she made a successful career here.

Raj Kumari Shukla was born in a well-known Brahmin family in Calcutta in 1903. Her own life has been quite tragic. She had to join the film industry not so much because of personal choice, but due to tragic personal circumstances. Like most young girls from Indian families, this virtuous lady, well-versed in household chores, got married. But her family life after marriage proved to be extremely unhappy — so much so that one day her husband gave her a brutal beating and drove her from his house.

Finding no refuge anywhere, she went to Jagannath Puri (in Orissa) and lived there in an ashram. Gradually, her family history and marital problems became known to one of the priests there, and he informed her parents. Her elder sister then brought her back to her house.

One theatre actor known locally as Gujarati Baba used to live nearby. Sometimes, she would get some theatre passes from him and go to local theatres to see some plays. This not only helped her to forget her unhappy past but also kindled in her young heart the desire to act in plays. The Gujarati Baba then persuaded her to adopt acting as a profession. Accordingly, in 1933, she joined Maadan Theatre and began her career as a leading lady, Film-goers of those days can still recall her “Hilaali abroo, Tez aankhen, Kushada peshani aur siaah zulfen”. She excelled in emotional roles.

Starting her career in silent films, she came into her own with the advent of “Talkies”. Apart from Maadan Theatre, she worked for other film companies too. Her memorable films included “Intezaar”, “Zevar”, “Jagat Mohini”, “Far’yaad”, “Chaandni”, “Sharda”, “Panghat”, Tulsi”, “Swami, “Ek Raat”, “Man Ki Jeet”, “School Master”, Dulhan”, “Badalti Duniya”, “Aankh Micholi”, “Raj Nartaki”, “Jhoola” and “Najma”. She now acted more as a character artiste and vamp. Her realistic emoting in such negative roles makes the audiences shiver in revulsion. Her roles in films like “Ek Raat”, “Swami”, “Jhoola”, “Far’yaad” and “Dulhan” have been specially appreciated by film-goers.

She was only an actor and not a singer. She acted in 31 Talkie films. She also worked in few Gujarati and Bangla films. Her last recorded Hindi film was Nai Maa-46. She did sing just one song in her career. That was in the film Panghat-43. It was a duet with Baby Tara. At her times, the other more famous actress-singer Rajkumari Dubey Banaraswali was also very active. In few films both acted, but the songs were only by Rajkumari Dubey Banaraswali. There were two more Rajkumaris also. One was Rajkumari Calcuttewali and another was from south, T.R.Rajkumari. Their details have been described earlier and also in my book” Forgotten artists….”. (Information for the above has been taken from Urdu book,”Filmi Titlian”published in 1945, and Film Directory, with thanks.)

The cast of the film Dr. Kumar-44 mentions a name Najma. She was comparatively a newcomer into films Her real name was Naseem. Since there was already a Naseem (Bano) in Hindi films, she took the screen name of Najma. She was born in 1928, at Lahore, to Abdul Rasheed and Mariyam. Her father was a businessman. Theirs was a respectable fairly well to do family. Though she was not much educated, she was fluent in reading, writing and speaking Urdu and English. She was fond of reading books. She learnt Music and Dance.

Being a good looking girl, at the age of 14, she made a Debut in film Kunwara Baap-1942, a film made by Acharya Art productions of Director N R Acharya. Next was also a film from Acharya – Uljhan-42. She started getting films quickly and acted in Gharonda-43, Nai Zindagi-43, Dr. Kumar-44, Piya Milan-45, Naseeb-45, Chehera-46, Haqdaar-46, Kasam-47 and her last film in India-Parwana-47. Her career in India was short and she did only 11 films, but she acted in major Heroes of her times.

After Partition she migrated to Lahore. In Pakistan, she acted in its first film Teri Yaad-48, with Nasir khan and Asha Posley and the first Hit film Hichkoley-49. After this film, she got married to director Daud Chand, retired from films and raised a family. She died on 6-12-1983 at Lahore.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari Dubey Banaraswali. It is a good song. It is composed by the veteran composer Sarswati Devi, who left Bombay Talkies in 1942 – same time when a splinter, disgruntled group led by S.Mukherjee left Bombay Talkies to start Filmistan in 1942. Saraswati devi did not join them, she became a Freelancer. Actually, Dr. Kumar was her first film after leaving Bombay Talkies. With today’s song, film Dr. Kumar makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Ae kismat bata kya bigaada hai tera (Dr Kumar)(1944) Singer-Rajkumari Dubey, Lyricist- Gaafil Harnalvi, MD- Saraswati Devi

Lyrics

Ae ae ae kismat
bata aa kya aa
bigaada hai tera

ae kismat bata kya bigaada hai tera
chaman kyon kiya toone barbaad mera
ae kismat bata kya bigaada hai tera
chaman kyon kiya toone barbaad mera

ruki meri us waqt rangeen duniya aa aa
ruki meri us waqt rangeen duniya
muhabbat ka jab ho raha thha sawera
muhabbat ka jab ho raha thha sawera

tadapti hain aahen ae ae ae ae
tadapti hain aahen
ubalte hain aansoo
tadapti hain aahen
ubalte hain aansoo
kahaan jaaoon
chaaron taraf hai andhera
kahaan jaaoon
chaaron taraf hai andhera

ye mushqil hai
main aen
dil ko dil se bhulaa doon
ho o o
ye mushqil hai
main dil ko dil se bhulaa doon
ke jis dil mein hai zindagi ka basera
ke jis dil mein hai zindagi ka basera
ae kismat bata kya bigaada hai tera
chaman kya kiya toone barbaad mera
ae kismat bata
ae kismat bata
ae kismat bataa aa


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4284 Post No. : 15531

“Inaam”(1955) was produced and directed by I M Dharmsee for Zodiac Pictures, Bombay. This Movie had Suraiyya, Nasir Khan, Kammo, Mukri, Yakoob, Protima Devi, Bimla Kumari, Kesarbai, Ajay , Nazar, Nirmal, Kumar, Saadi, Kanwar, M a Lateef, Bismillah, Saif, Arvind Kumar, Rafeeq, Babu, Roshan etc in it.

The mvie had seven songs in it. Six were composed by S N Tripathi whereas one song was composed by Saraswati Devi.

Three songs, all composed by S N Tripathi, have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Inaam”(1955) to appear in the blog. This song is a Krishn bhajan which is sung by Rajkumari and Mohantara Ajinkya. Pt Narendra Sharma is the lyricist. Music is composed by Saraswati Devi. This is the only song from the movie where Pt Narendra Sharma (as lyricist) and Saraswati Devi (as music diretor) were involved.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

With this song, the blog now has 500 songs from movies released in 1955.


Song-Tu hi maare tu hi taare (Inaam)(1955) Singers-Rajkumari, Mohantara, Lyrics-Pt Narendra Sharma, MD-Saraswati Devi

Lyrics

tu hi maare tu hi taare
tu hi maare tu hi taare ae ae
tu hi bigdi baat sanwaare
tu hi bigdi baat sanwaare
tujhe pukaare ae
tujhe pukaare dukhiyaari maa
tujhe pukaare dukhiyaari maa
yashomati ke raaj dulaare
dulaare dulaare ae
raaj dulaare ae
tu hi maare tu hi taare ae ae ae ae
tu hi maare tu hi taare ae ae ae

nand ke nandan sun meri vinti ee
nand ke nandan sun meri vinti
kar meri apnon mein ginti
kar meri apnon mein ginti
sun meri vinti
sun meri vinti
sun meri vinti
sun meri vinti

aa aa aa aa aa aa
tu hai anaathh naath
tere hazaar haath
tu hai anaathh naath
tere hazaar haath
tu hai anaathh naath
tere hazaar haath
bahan subhadra ke bhai suno
aayi main do haath pasaare
haath pasaare ae
hath pasaare ae
hath pasaare ae ae

tu hi maare tu hi taare ae ae ae ae
tu hi maaare tu hi taare,
tu hi taare
tu hi taare ae ae ae ae


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4213 Post No. : 15414

“Izzat”(1937) was directed by Franz Osten for Bombay Talkies. The movie had Devika Rani, Ashok Kumar, Kamta Prasad, Fateh Singh, M Nazir, Ahmad, Mumtaz Ali, K H Dharamsi, Vimla, P F Peethawala, N M Joshi, Ameer Ali, Suneeta Devi, Madhurika, Manohar Ghatwai, Chandraprabha etc in it.

The movie had six songs in it. Two of these soings have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Izzat”(1937). This song is sung by Sunita Devi and Mumtaz Ali. J S Kashyap is the lyricist. Saraswati devi is the music director.

This song is picturised as a Radha Krishn expression of love song on Sunita Devi and Mumtaz Ali themselves.

With this song, Suneeta Devi makes her debut in the blog as a singer.


Song-Prem dor mein baandh hamen kit chale gaye giridhaari (Izzat)(1937) Singers- Sunita Devi, Mumtaz Ali, Lyrics-J S Kashyap, MD-Saraswati Devi

Lyrics

prem dor mein baandh humen
kit chale gaye giridhaari
chale gaye giridhaari
gaye kahaan kaho jaat bane
jag basi hai raadha pyaari
jag basi hai raadha pyari

baat banaawat laaj ni aave
kaise dheethh kanhaai
maanat jo saanchi kahoon sajni
tum bin kachhu na suhaai ee
tum bin kachhu na suhaai

chhadi kadamb ki chhainyya sainyya
rahi rahi raah nihaaroon
rahi rahi raah nihaaroon
aao sajaniya man mohaniya
kal kal baat guhaaroon
kal kal baat guhaaroon

saanwariya
saajaniya

balihaari
mam pyaari
giridhaari
chhavi nyaari
banwari
sheesh mukut kaanan bich kundal
murli kar sohe
murli kar sohe
sang raadhika subhag suhaani
jodi jag mohe
jodi jag mohe
raadhe
shyaam kanhaiya
raadha
sheesh mukut kaanan bich kundal
murli kar sohe ae ae
murli kar sohe ae ae
sang raadhika subhag suhaani
jodi jag mohe ae ae
jodi jag mohe ae
radhe
shyam
raadhe shyaam
raadhe shyam
raadhe shyam
raadhe shyaam
raadhe shyaaam


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4211 Post No. : 14409 Movie Count :

4245

Today’s song is from the film Nav Jeevan-1939. It was a film made by Bombay Talkies, one of the heavyweight film making companies of those times. Bombay Talkies and Prabhat Film company of Poona were the companies that tackled offbeat and social reform issues through their films. They generally, combined social work with entertainment successfully and therefore their films became popular.

The owners of Bombay Talkies, Himanshu Roy and Devika Rani were Bengali. The company, no doubt, helped and gave opportunities to many capable Bangla artistes in different fields of film making, like cinematography, direction, acting etc. However, they were also known to recognise talents and offered opportunities to right persons irrespective of language, caste or religion – Bangla or non Bangla. Both the owners were foreign educated and Himanshu Roy had been in Germany to make films. Very few people know that his first wife was a German lady !

The couple had a soft corner for Germans because of their personal experiences. This was evident from the fact that Bombay Talkies had employed a team of German Technicians and other specialists like Director, Cinematographer etc. In the early stages of Bombay Talkies, from 1935 to 1939, almost all their films were directed by Franz Osten – a German.

Germany had a very good name in India during the olden days i.e. during the early part of the last century. I remember, my Grandfather ( who expired in 1975 at the age of 91 years) always praising Germany for so many things. In India, all things German were considered the Best- even better than the Vilayati or the British things !

Very few people know that Indian Cinema had a little known connection with the rise of Hitler in Germany in 1932-33. A group of men engaged in Cinema in Germany, flocked to India in the 30’s and played a vital role in Indian Cinema and the arts of that times. After Hitler took over Germany in 1933, the German Cine Studio’s glory days were over and they were turned into Nazi Propaganda Machines !

It was at this time that several of its men ( mostly persecuted Jews) left the studio and some arrived in India, and contributed to Indian cinema’s formative years.

The foremost among them is Frantz Osten, a German whom Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani met at the USA when they went to train there (they worked with Lang and Marlene Dietrich). Osten had already been directing films for the couple since 1925, when he made Light of Asia for them from Germany.

In 1934, he came to India and the next year, after Rai founded Bombay Talkies ‘the legendary film studio in Malad that now lies in ruins,’ Osten directed its first film.

He went on to direct the famous Devika Rani-Ashok Kumar starrer, Achhyut Kanya, without much knowledge of Hindi. The film, which featured the song “Main ban ke chiriya”, was shot by Cinematographer Joseph Wirsching; the sets were designed by Karl von Spreti, the laboratory was headed by Zolle, and the sound recordist was Len Heartley. This was Osten’s team of USA ex-members who worked for Rai’s state-of-the-art studio.

Osten and his fellow Germans directed 16 films for Rai. It was a remarkable feat for people who knew little Hindi mistaking the word “bulbul” once, for a pair of bulls.

“It’s not clear if they had anything to do with the Nazi ideology, either way,” said film historian Amrit Gangar.

“If they did, it did not show in their films. But there were two other people who almost certainly migrated to India because of the persecution of Jews.”

Franz Osten(23-12-1876 to 2-12-1956) Hindi director, was born in Munich as Franz Ostermayer, the elder brother of successful producer Peter Ostermayer. They set up a travelling cinema, Original Physograph (1907) and founded Munchner Kunstfilm (1909) after Osten had been making shorts for Pathé, Gaumont and Eclair. Their first feature: Die Wahrheit (1910). Osten’s début as director: Erna Valeska (1911). War correspondent in 1915. Joined Peter’s company Emelka (later Bavaria Film) in 1918. Made Der Ochsenkrieg (1920) with young cameraman Frank Planer of later Hollywood fame, one of Osten’s several contributions to a budding genre that after WW2 became known as the Heimatfilm. In fact, the Ostermayr/Osten brothers claimed to be the originators of the genre.

When Himanshu Rai and Emelka made a deal to produce Prem Sanyas aka Light of Asia, Osten was assigned to direct. Continued directing Rai’s productions, often shooting in India as well as in Europe, in addition to directing for numerous companies in Berlin. Moved with cameraman Josef Wirsching and set designer Karl von Spreti to India to work at Himansu Rai’s Bombay Talkies (1934).

While in Bombay, became a member of the Nazi Party (1936). He was interned by the British at the outbreak of WW2 while shooting his last film there, Kangan. Released and allowed to return to Germany (1940). Employed by Bavaria Film until 1945, for casting and setting up its film archive. In addition to Indian films, directed 33 silent features and 10 sound films.

After WW2 became manager of a Bavarian spa. His Indian films, following UFA tradition, were huge Orientalist spectacles with elephants, camels and expansive vistas often shot in deep focus. Effective authorship shared by producer Rai and scenarist Niranjan Pal. Adopted European conventions to introduce main actors, e.g. backlit mid-shots in soft focus gradually becoming more contrasted; also used mobile outdoor shots as in the railway-crossing sequence of Achhut Kanya. Strongly influenced younger Bombay Talkies film-makers Amiya Chakrabarty and Gyan Mukherjee, though they used his techniques for very different purposes.

Filmography-1925: Prem Sanyas, 1928: Shiraz, 1929: Prapancha Pash, 1935: Jawani Ki Hawa, 1936: Achhut Kanya, Janmabhoomi, Jeevan Naiya, Mamata, Miya Bibi, 1937: Izzat, Jeevan Prabhat, Prem Kahani, Savitri, 1938: Bhabhi, Nirmala, Vachan, 1939: Durga, Kangan, Navjeevan

In addition to the German team in Bombay Talkies, there were three more Germans who also came to India and worked in Hindi films. One was Walter Kauffman (1-4-1907 to 9-9-1984). The other was Wilhelm Haas (18-6-1915 to 30-3-1979), who was a writer. Both were Jews and friends. Kauffman, Haas and Bhavnani worked together in Premnagar (1940), Naushad’s first film as music director. Kauffman composed the background score; Haas wrote the screenplay.

“It is debatable, but Kauffman is probably also the person behind the All India Radio signature tune. Haas was a member of the Indian chapter of PEN,” Gangar said. Haas also wrote the script for Bhavnani’s Jhooti Sharam (1939).

The third German was Paul Zils ( 1-6-1915 to 30-3-1979 ). Zils, believed to be a Nazi sympathizer, turned up in India under strange circumstances: he was bound for Indonesia in a steamer that got torpedoed by an Indian naval ship during World War II and he was taken prisoner.

After his release, because of his film experiences, the leadership of the sales department in Ezra Mir led government documentary production company called him to join Information films of India. End of October 1945, he came to Bombay and started his work. Following the closure of the Information Films of India, Zils was freelancing and in 1948 founded his own company Documentary Films of India; in 1949 India created new state production company Films Division. To popularize the documentary he was supported in 1949 among others by Mulk Raj Anand , B.K.Karanjia , Vikram Sarabhai , Frene Talyarkhan and Jagmohan.

1950-1952 is Zils tried as a feature film director, turning three films with Dev Anand. Paul Zils directed 3 Dev Anand films, according to the documents. Hindustan Hamara-50 and Zalzala-52 are found in HFGK, but the third film called ‘ Shabash”, though listed in 1949, gives no details, except the film name.

Paul Zils was also active in organizations of filmmakers. From 1957 to 1959 he was president of the Indian Documentary Producers Association (IDPA). In March 1959 he returned to Germany.

As the studio system came to an end and individual producers took over, the days of the Germans in Indian cinema were over. Many, including Osten, went back to Germany. Set designer Spreti was appointed German ambassador to Guatemala and was later shot dead by terrorists.

Most of the others remained associated with the film world abroad.

Film Nav Jeevan-39 had music by Saraswati Devi (a Parsee). Amongst the first 3 women Music Directors of India – the first being Ishrat Sultana aka Bibbo, the second was Jaddanbai and then came Saraswati Devi (1912-10.8.1980) – she was the most consistent and prolific composer. She gave music to 31 films, composing 262 songs. She also sang 10 songs in 6 films.

The cast of the film was Hansa Wadkar, Rama Shukul, V H Desai, Mumtaz Ali, P F Peethawala, Lalita Deulkar and many others. Today’s song is written by J.S. Kashyap and this duet is sung by Lalita Deulkar and Balwant Singh.

LALITA was born in Bombay in 1924.She was not interested in acting or singing, but poor family conditions and father’s T.B. forced her to earn a living by singing and acting. During 1940-45, she recorded many songs. One Mr. Dulerai Pandya, a Gujarati, owned “The National Recording Co.Ltd.” in Bombay’s fort area. There was a Tricolour shown on the labels of the records,hence this company was known as Jhandewali record co.. V.Shantaram was also on its Board of Directors. Initially Prabhat and later Rajkamal film songs were issued on this Jhanda Chhap records only. The company had hired Datta Davjekar for Marathi and Avinash vyas and Lallubhai Bhojak for Hindi and Gujarati songs. She recorded many Darya songs and Bhavgeets in this company.Along with her, Gajanan Watwe, Jyotsna Bhole also recorded songs here. Some records named her as Lalita Devi. Once Saraswati Devi heard her and gave her chance to do small roles and sing in chorus of songs of Bombay Talkies films. Her Debut was made with the song ” Raja hamen na niharo”. It was a duet with Balwant Singh, in film Navjeevan-39.

After singing songs in films like Parbat pe apna dera-44,Valmiki-46 and Eight Days-46,she got a good break in film Saajan-1947. Her duet with Rafi, ” Humko tumhara hi aasra” is remembered even today. Film Nadiya ke paar-48 also had a duet with Rafi,”More raja ho,le chal nadiya ke paar” which was very popular. C.Ramchandra was MD for both these films. She sang in several other films like Bhakta Dhruv,Khidki,Jalan,Shaheed,Shakti,Vidya,Bedard,Daulat,Girls school,Jai Bheem,Roshni,Sanwariya,Shabnam,Apni Chhaya,Malti Madhav,Pahli Tarikh,Sajni etc.

In all she acted in 5 films and sang 79 songs in 36 films.

She got married to Composer Sudhir Phadke (25-7-1919 to 29-7-2002),on 29-5-1949 at Poona. Their common friend Mohd. Rafi sang a specially prepared and meticulously rehearsed ” Mangalashtak ” ( an eight stanza marriage song in Marathi), in their marriage. After marriage she sang only in films of Sudhir Phadke. After Sajni-56, she stopped singing completely and became a devoted housewife. She died on 25-5-2010. Their son Shridhar Phadke is a well known Marathi singer and composer.

The male voice in this duet belongs to Balwant Singh. BALWANT SINGH was born in Pandoga village of Hoshiyarpur on 9-12-1918 in a Jahagirdar’s family. He was quite rich.

After a training from Pt.Bhishmadev in classical music, he came to Bombay and joined Bombay Talkies at the age of 18 years. He first gave Playback in Jeevan Prabhat-37. In Nirmala-38 he acted and also sang a song. Then came Durga-39 where also he acted and sang.

V.Shantaram cast him in Padosi-41 and his songs in this film were hits.

He was Hero in Darpan, Swapna, Malan, Naukar, Paraya Dhan, Ashirwaad, Collegian, Dr.Kumar, Bhanwar, Hip hip hurray and Apni chhaya-50 etc. As a hero he sang less songs. His songs with Shanta Hublikar(Malan) and Parul Ghosh and Khan Mastana(Bhanwar) were very popular. He also acted in Nirmala,Vachan and Kangan.

In all, he acted in 18 films, sang 20 songs in 10 films and also wrote 6 songs in film Sumitra-1949.

He married a girl from the royal family of Palanpur, Gujarat. After leaving films, he worked in All India Radio for 4 years. The signature tune played just before the morning broadcast was composed by Balwant Singh, for A.I.R.

Then he settled in Ahmadabad, directing Dramas and Teaching music. Finally, he shifted to Ludhiana where, after a long illness, he died on 4-12-1985.

With today’s song, film Nav Jeevan-1939, makes its Debut here.

( Some information used herein is from the book ” The music that rings every dawn ” by Historian Amrit Gangar ji, The Record news Bulletins of S.I.R.C , Prof. Yogesh yadav ji’s book ” Hindi film singers ” and Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. My thanks to these sources.)

Audio

Video

Song-Raja hamen na nihaaro (Navjeevan)(1939) Singers-Lalita Deulkar, Balwant Singh, Lyricist- Jamuna Swarup Kashyap ‘Natwan’, MD-Saraswati Devi
Both

Lyrics

Raja hamen na nihaaro
o raja hamen na nihaaro
hamen to lag jaayegi najariya
ho raam
hamen to lag jaayegi najariya re

tirchhi najariya patri kamariya
tirchhi najariya patri kamariya

chhedo hamen na sanwariya
haan haan
chhedo hamen na sanwariya
haan haan
chhedo hamen na sanwariya
hamaari baali umariya
ho raam
hamen to lag jaayegi najariya
ho raam
hamen to lag jaayegi najariya re

kaun des se aayi gujariya
kaun des se aayi gujariya
ka matki bhar laayi gujariya
ka matki bhar laayi gujariya

brindawan ?? aayi gujariya
prem preet ras aagi gujariya
brindawan ?? aayi gujariya
prem preet ras aagi gujariya
daasi tihaari rasiyaa
haan haan
daasi tihaari rasiyaa
haan
daasi tihaari rasiyaa
sang sang beete umariya
ho raam
hamaari beete umariya
ho raam
hamaari beete umariya re


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4087 Post No. : 15228

———————————————–——————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2009-19) – Song No. 47
——————————————————————————————

When one discussed a movie of 1940s, one often assums by default that it must be a “boring” movie, one which may not hold the interest of later generation movie goers. And when one finds that this movie has Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis in lead roles, people who have seen them in character roles may consider dropping the idea of watching the movie.

But what if I tell you that this movie from 1941 is a laugh riot ? And that this movie was the original inspiration of “Padosan”(1968) ? I am sure that people will suddenly get interested in knowing more about this movie.

“Jhoola”(1941) was directed by Gyan Mukherji for Bombay Talkies, Bombay. This movie, a “social” movie had Leela Chitnis, Ahok Kumar, Shah Nawaz, V H Desai, Mumtaz Ali, Karuna Devi, Shahzadi, Rajkumari Shukla, Meenu Cooper, M A Aziz, Kaazi, Master Laxman, Leeladhar Sharma, Iqbal Bai, B M Dixit, Jyoti, Dulaari, Nana Palsikar etc in it.

The movie had eleven songs in it. Five of these songs have been covered in the past. This movie has a song that goes Ek chatur naar karkar singaar . Yes, I mentioned that this movie is the original source for “Padosan”(1968) and this song is the inspiration of that famous “Padosan”(1968) Kishore Kumar Manna dey laugh riot.

If “Padosan”(1968) had Mehmood then “Jhoola”(1941) had his father Mumtaz Ali lip syncing the wonderful stage dance song Main to Dilli se dulhan laayaa re.

“Jhoola”(1941) had made its debut in the blog on 26 september 2009, viz exactly ten years ago, with the evergreen song Chali re chali re meri naao chali re .

This day that year ten years ago, the blog was at its usual prolific best. Six songs from six different movies were covered in the blog on that day. Five out of six of those movies have already been covered in the blog. “Jhoola”(1941) remains the only un YIPPEED movie from that day.

Here are the details of the songs that were discussed on 26 september 2009:

Song Movie title-Year Remarks
Tera mujhse hai pahle ka naata koi Aa Gale Lag Jaa-1973 All Songs covered in the blog
Har aas ashqbaar hai Kinaare Kinaare-1963 All Songs covered in the blog
Dekha naa jaaye socha naa jaaye Mr India-1961 All Songs covered in the blog
Kahaan chhod ke chalaa hai tu Anjaan-1956 All Songs covered in the blog
De bhi chuke ham dil nazraana dil kaa Jaal-1952 All Songs covered in the blog
Chali re chali meri naao chali re Jhoola-1941 05 of 11 songs covered

According to HFGK, the movie had 12 songs. I find that the song Ek chatur naar karkar singaar does not find mention if HFGK. To compensate for that, the song under discussion today gets mentionc twice (as song number 6 and 11). So the count of songs in the movie remains accurate, viz 12.

Today, as part of Blog ten year challenge, here is another song from “Jhoola”(1941). Like the song that was covered ten years ago, this song too is a duet sung by Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis. In the song ten years ago, the leading duo were riding a boat, here they ride a ghodagaadi, and while doing so, Ashok Kumar makes gentle 1940s style passes on Leela Chitnis, asking the love letter back. Leela Chitnis teases him back 1940s style responds 1940s style viz.

Dekho kah doongi
Haan haan dekho kah doongi
Tumhaare man ki batiyaan

and subsequently

Hamri gali mein dekho
Tum kal se aana chhodo
Varna hansengi hamaari sakhiyaan

The lyrics by Kavi Pradeep are quite cute and romantic. The romantic song, in which both make paasses at each other must have been quite a rage in those pre independence days.

Music is composed by Saraswati Devi.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Avinash Scrapwala.

Video

Audio

Song-Ek baat bataao hamen gori (Jhoola)(1941) Singers-Ashok Kumar, Leela Chitnis, Lyrics – Kavi Pradeep, Music – Saraswati Devi
Both

Lyrics (Based on video link) (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

chaliye …

Ek baat bataao hamen gori
Kaho kisne sikhaayi tumhen chori
o gori
kisne sikhaayi tumhen chori
Ek chor se mera naata
wo meri gali mein aata aa
Haan usne sikhaayi hamen chori ee
Haan haan usne sikhaayi hamen chori

Hhahahahaha

Dekhiye meri chhitthhiyaan
De dijiye
Laayiye

Dekho kah doongi
Haan haan dekho kah doongi
Tumhaare man ki batiyaan
Tumne chori chori bheji
Hamen patiyaan
Tumne chori chori bheji
Hamen patiyaan
Dekho kah doongi
Haan haan dekho kah doongi
Tumhaare man ki batiyaan

Chori pe seenazori
Ham se karo naa gori ee
Chori pe seenazori
Ham se karo naa gori
De do hamaari ham ko patiyaan
Dekho kah doongi
De do hamaari ham ko patiyaan
Dekho kah doongi
Tumhaare man ki batiyaan

Baatein banaana chhodo
Chori chhipaana chhodo
Hamri gali mein dekho
Tum kal se aana chhodo
Hamri gali mein dekho
Tum kal se aana chhodo
Varna hansengi hamaari sakhiyaan
Dekho kah doongi
Haan haan dekho kah doongi
Tumhaare man ki batiyaan

Meetthi meetthi baaton mein
Hamko bhulaaya tumne
Bholaa sa man hamaara
Chanchal banaaya tumne

Meetthi meetthi baaton mein
Hamko bhulaaya tumne
Bholaa sa man hamaara
Chanchal banaaya tumne

Badi raseeli hain tumhaari
Ankhiyaan
Dekho kah doongi
Haan haan dekho kah doongi
Tumhaare man ki batiyaan

Chhodo ye baatein gori
Aao aao kishori
Tumne ki hamse chori
Hamne ki tumse chori
Tumne ki hamse chori
Hamne ki tumse chori

Aao basaa len dil ki duniya
Dekho kah doongi
Aao basaa le dil ki duniya
Dekho kah doongi
Tumhaare man ki batiyaan
Dekho kah doongi
Tumhaare man ki batiyaan

————————————-
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
————————————
चलिए…

एक बात बताओ हमें गोरी
कहो किसने सिखाई तुम्हे चोरी
ओ गोरी
किसने सिखाई तुम्हे चोरी
एक चोर से मेरा नाता
ओ मेरी गली में आता आ
हाँ उसने सिखाई हमें चोरी ई
हाँ हाँ उसने सिखाई हमें चोरी

हा हा हा हा हा

देखिये मेरी चिट्ठियाँ
दे दिजिये
लाईये
देखो कह दूँगी
हाँ हाँ देखो कह दूँगी
तुम्हारे मन की बतियाँ
तुमने चोरी चोरी भेजी
हमें पतियाँ
देखो कह दूँगी
हाँ हाँ देखो कह दूँगी
तुम्हारे मन की बतियाँ

चोरी पे सीनाजोरी
हम से करो ना गोरी ई
चोरी पे सीनाजोरी
हम से करो ना गोरी
दे दो हमारी हम को पतियाँ
देखो कह दूँगी
दे दो हमारी हम को पतियाँ
देखो कह दूँगी
तुम्हारे मन की बतियाँ

बातें बनाना छोडो
चोरी छिपाना छोडो
हमरी गली में देखो
तुम कल से आना छोडो
हमरी गली में देखो
तुम कल से आना छोडो
वरना हँसेगी हमारी सखियाँ
देखो कह दूँगी
हाँ हाँ देखो कह दूँगी
तुम्हारे मन की बतियाँ

मीठी मीठी बातों में
हम को भुलाया तुमने
भोला सा मन हमारा
चंचल बनाया तुमने

मीठी मीठी बातों में
हम को भुलाया तुमने
भोला सा मन हमारा
चंचल बनाया तुमने

बड़ी रसीली है तुम्हारी
अँखियाँ
देखो कह दूँगी
हाँ हाँ देखो कह दूँगी
तुम्हारे मन की बतियाँ

छोडो ये बातें गोरी
आओ आओ कीशोरी
तुमने की हमसे चोरी
हमने की तुमसे चोरी
तुमने की हमसे चोरी
हमने की तुमसे चोरी

आओ बसा ले दिल की दुनिया
देखो कह दूँगी
आओ बसा ले दिल की दुनिया
देखो कह दूँगी
तुम्हारे मन की बतियाँ
देखो कह दूँगी
तुम्हारे मन की बतियाँ


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3935 Post No. : 15009 Movie Count :

4111

Today’s song is from a film called Vachan-38. Films with the same title-Vachan were made in 1938, 1955, 1974 and 1996. Today’s film Vachan was produced by Bombay Talkies.

In the early era of Talkie films, Bombay Talkies had created great curiosity when it was established in the year 1934, mainly for 3 reasons. First reason was that both Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani, a highly educated, foreign returned couple, hailing from prestigious families, was behind Bombay Talkies. Secondly, It was the first ever film company established as a Registered company with Bombay Stock Exchange, with the most respected and very highly placed personalities of Bombay on its Board of Directors. They were Sir F.E.Dinshaw, Sir Chunilal Mehta, Sir Chimanlal Setalwad, Sir Phiroz Sethna, Sir Cawsaji Jehangir and Sir Richard Temple. Thirdly, there was a German Film Director Franz Osten and his team of Technicians consisting of Cinematographer Joseph Wirsching, Set Designer Karl Von Sreti, Sound Recordist Len Hartley and Lab Technician Wilhelm Zolle, to work in Bombay Talkies.

Germany had a very good name in India during the olden days i.e. during the early part of the last century. I remember my Grandfather ( who expired in 1975 at the age of 91 years) always praising Germany for so many things. In India,all things German were considered the Best- even better than the Vilayati or the British things !

Very few people know that Indian Cinema had a little known connection with the rise of Hitler in Germany in 1932-33. A group of men , engaged in Cinema in Germany, flocked to India in the 30’s and played a vital role in Indian Cinema and the arts of that times. After Hitler took over Germany in 1933, the German Cine Studio’s glory days were over and they were turned into Nazi Propaganda Machines !

It was at this time that several of its men left the studio and arrived in India, and contributed to Indian cinema’s formative years.

The foremost among them is Frantz Osten, a German whom Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani met at the UFA when they went to train there (they worked with Lang and Marlene Dietrich). Osten had already been directing films for the couple since 1925, when he made Light of Asia for them from Germany.

In 1934, he came to India and the next year, after Rai founded Bombay Talkies ‘ the legendary film studio in Malad that now lies in ruins ‘ Osten directed its first film.

He went on to direct the famous Devika Rani-Ashok Kumar starrer, Achhyut Kanya, without much knowledge of Hindi. The film, which featured the song “Main ban ke chiriya”, was shot by Joseph Wirsching; the sets were designed by Karl von Spreti and the laboratory was headed by Zolle, Osten’s team of UFA ex-members who worked for Rai’s state-of-the-art studio.

Osten and his fellow Germans directed 16 films for Rai. It was a remarkable feat for people who knew little Hindi ‘ mistaking the word “bulbul” once for a pair of bulls.

“It’s not clear if they had anything to do with the Nazi ideology, either way,” said film historian Amrit Gangar.

“If they did, it did not show in their films. But there were two other people who almost certainly migrated to India because of the persecution of Jews.”

Franz Osten(23-12-1876-2-12-1956) Hindi director, born in Munich as Franz Ostermayer, the elder brother of successful producer Peter Ostermayer. They set up a travelling cinema, Original Physograph (1907) and founded Munchner Kunstfilm (1909) after Osten had been making shorts for Pathé, Gaumont and Eclair. Their first feature: Die Wahrheit (1910). Osten’s début as director: Erna Valeska (1911). War correspondent in 1915. Joined Peter’s company Emelka (later Bavaria Film) in 1918. Made Der Ochsenkrieg (1920) with young cameraman Frank Planer of later Hollywood fame, one of Osten’s several contributions to a budding genre that after WW2 became known as the Heimatfilm. In fact, the Ostermayr/Osten brothers claimed to be the originators of the genre.

When Himansu Rai and Emelka made a deal to produce Prem Sanyas aka Light of Asia, Osten was assigned to direct. Continued directing Rai’s productions, often shooting in India as well as in Europe, in addition to directing for numerous companies in Berlin. Moved with cameraman Josef Wirsching and set designer Karl von Spreti to India to work at Himansu Rai’s Bombay Talkies (1934).
While in Bombay, became a member of the Nazi Party (1936). Interned by the British at the outbreak of WW2 while shooting his last film there, Kangan. Released and allowed to return to Germany (1940). Employed by Bavaria Film until 1945, for casting and setting up its film archive. In addition to Indian films, directed 33 silent features and 10 sound films.

After WW2 became manager of a Bavarian spa. His Indian films, following UFA tradition, were huge Orientalist spectacles with elephants, camels and expansive vistas often shot in deep focus. Effective authorship shared by producer Rai and scenarist Niranjan Pal. Adopted European conventions to introduce main actors, e.g. backlit mid-shots in soft focus gradually becoming more contrasted; also used mobile outdoor shots as in the railway-crossing sequence of Achhut Kanya. Strongly influenced younger Bombay Talkies film-makers Amiya Chakrabarty and Gyan Mukherjee, though they used his techniques for very different purposes.

Filmography-1925: Prem Sanyas, 1928: Shiraz, 1929: Prapancha Pash, 1935: Jawani Ki Hawa, 1936: Achhut Kanya, Janmabhoomi, Jeevan Naiya, Mamata, Miya Bibi, 1937: Izzat, Jeevan Prabhat, Prem Kahani, Savitri, 1938: Bhabhi, Nirmala, Vachan, 1939: Durga, Kangan, Navjeevan .

Film Vachan was a costume drama, first such film for Ashok Kumar. Some actors form an image in our mind. We accepted Ashok kumar as a simple hearted lover boy in early films like Jeevan Naiya, and Achhut kanya etc. Even his shaky songs became popular, because in those days all these social films with a cause were novelties. Most of the 7 films he did with Devika Rani were successful, but this film has to be rated a little on the lower side of the list. I have not seen the film, nor have I got any inkling about its story line, but from the comments in Film India Magazine of those days, it looks like a film of moderate success. It was released on 19-8-1938, at Roxy cinema, Bombay.
The cast of the film consisted of Devika Rani, Ashok kumar, meera, Mumtaz Ali, peethawala, Kamatha Prasad, Maya Devi, Pratima, Balwant Singh etc etc.

The name MEERA is one of those which cause ‘ Same Name Confusion’. Luckily, the other Meera (Mishra) started acting only in 1946, when this Meera was in the last phase of her career. Still many sites, books and writers mix up their filmography. Meera was an Anglo-Indian girl in Hindi films. During the silent film era a lot many European and Anglo-Indian girls acted in films. Few of them continued even after Talkie films started and very few like Sulochana and Sabita Devi etc. became successful even in the films for a considerable time.Some of these girls were, Ruby Meyers-Sulochana, Iris Gasper-Sabita Devi, Susan Soloman-Firoza begum ( not the singer), Effie Hippolet-Indira Devi, Bonnie Bird-Lalita Devi, Esther Abraham-Pramila, Renee Smith- Sita Devi, Berryl Classen-Madhuri, Winnie Stewert-Manorama Senior, Erine Issac Daniels-Manorama Junior, Florence Ezekiel-Nadira, Sophie Abraham-Romilla, Rose Musleah-Rose, Lilian Ezra-Lilian, Mercia Soloman-Vimla, Rachel Sofaer-Arti Devi, Rachel Cohen-Ramola Devi, Patience cooper, Violet Cooper, Ermelin-Sudhabala etc etc.

Meera’s real name was Muriel Alexander. She was born on 10-11-1919. She was from a respectable family. Her father was Superintendent-local Audit in AG’s office.Brother E. Alexander was an All India level cricketer. She passed her Inter science exam from Benaras Hindu University. It was through one Mr. Seal,who was a manager in Adarsh Chitra,she got her first break in film Dhuwandhar-1935. This was the Debut film of Leela Chitnis also. It is not known if she sang any song in that film,as no records are available.
My guess is that,besides acting,she must have sung few songs in that film.

Her name first appears as an actress and singer in film Bhabhi-38,in which she sang 3 solo songs. from 1935 to 1938,she must have sung many songs,but singers names are not mentioned. thus many singers’ credit must have been lost in those years.Same case was with Amirbai karnataki also. After Bhabhi,her name appears in Nirmala-38 and vachan-38 in which she sang 1 solo and 3 duets. She acted and sang songs in films of Ranjit,Prakash and Minerva Movietone films.

As per information available Meera acted in Dolti Naiya-34, Dhuwandhar-35, Bhabhi-38, Vachan-38, Adhoori Kahani-39, Tatar ka chor-40, Paak Daaman-40, Chingari-40, Armaan-42, Meri Duniya-42, Mauj-43, Krishna bhakta Bodana-44, Ji haan-45, Sham Savera-46, Ye hai Duniya-48 and Sansar-51. She only sang in Nirmala-38.

Another interesting name in the cast is Maya Devi. Maya Devi was from Bombay and started her career from silent films in 1928 with Anarkali by imperial. Her first Talkie film was Kunwari ya widhva-35. Her real name was Leela. She became a favourite of Bombay Talkies and she did 6 films with them in 37 and 38. In all she did 5 silent films and 31 Talkie films till 1949. her last film in India was Raaz-49. She got married with a Muslim and then migrated to Pakistan, where she did 19 films and then retired in 1964. Her first film in Pakistan was Phere-1949.She died in Lahore on 1-2-67. She did films in Gujarati and Punjabi also.

Today’s song is a song sung by Devika Rani, Meera, Lalita and Vimla. I do not know who these Lalita and Vimla were. This seems to be a friendly song of 4 of the sahelis, with dialogues in the beginning and the end of the song. With this song, film Vachan-38 makes its debut.

(For this post, I have used information from ” Walter Kaufmann in India 1934-1946″ by Amrit Gangar, The Big Indian Picture- Bombay Talkies-By Ambarish Roy Chaudhari, indiancine.ma, with thanks and my notes.)


Song-Naval Naveli Nyaari hum Kunwari baari(Vachan)(1938) Singers-Devika Rani, Miss Meera, Lalita, Vimla, Lyrics – J S Kashyap, MD- Saraswati Devi

Lyrics

hahahahaha
Malti
abhi aur khelenge
nahin Shama
ab ghar chalna chaahiye
bahut der ho gayi
kyon
darti hai
kahin pati mahashay khabar na len
hahaha
kyun nahin
pati ki dulaari hai na
hahahahaha
hum kunwaariyon ko koi fikr nahin
nahin nahin nahin nahin
hazaar baar nahin
hahahahaha

Naval Naveli Nyaari
hum Kunwari baari
Naval Naveli Nyaari
hum Kunwari baari
dosh nahin kuchh
hosh nahin kuchh
saral sahaj matwaari
dosh nahin kuchh
hosh nahin kuchh
saral sahaj matwaari
hum Kunwari baari
Naval Naveli Nyaari
hum Kunwari baari

khuli hawa mein nav kali ?? phoolen
khuli hawa mein nav kali ?? phoolen
pawan jhakoron mein madmaati jhoolen
pawan jhakoron mein madmaati jhoolen
tan man apna jeewan apna
tan man apna jeewan apna
ham ban ki chidiyaa
haan tum ??
maina
maina
maina

hahahaha
suna
jee
suna
aur guna bhi
aap ne abhi suna hi suna hai
guna nahin
hahahahah


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3795 Post No. : 14782

Today’s song is from the film Naya Sansaar-41. This was a film made by Bombay Talkies. It was directed by N.R.Acharya and the music was by Saraswati Devi (4 songs ) and Ramchandra Pal (6 songs ). The lead pair of the film was Ashok Kumar and Renuka devi, along with Mubarak, Shahnawaz, Suresh, David, V.H.Desai and many more.

Bombay Talkies was established By Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani in 1934. Their marriage was a confluence of two rich,cultured,educated and Handsome/ Beautiful souls with common interests. While in England, these two frequently appeared on page 3 of the Tabloids of London. They came back to India and established Bombay Talkies Studios in the far western suburb of Bombay City- Malad. The rich and the famous joined them as shareholders and the studio soon boasted of most modern equipment, and a team of European ( read German ) technicians. Himanshu Rai was keen to have only the educated and capable artistes from respectable families. At the pinnacle period, the company had a roll call of 400 persons. They were offered the best of facilities for work and recreation. A 24 hr. Medical assistance with a Doctor was also made available.

Within two years of its existence, Bombay Talkies got its first jolt, when its Heroine cum owner-Devika Rani, eloped with her handsome Hero- Najmul Hasan. This whole thing was somehow managed, with Devika Rani’s return to Bombay Talkies. In the process, a new Hero- Ashok kumar emerged, from within its own stock. Soon all seemed well and the company rolled out 15 films- mostly successful and its name became synonymous with quality films and popular music.

The second jolt came in 1939, when film Kangan was being made and the Second World War started on 1-9-1939. In addition to restrictions on Raw film supply, the British Government arrested the German Technicians of Bombay Talkies and deported, Franz Osten-Director, Joseph Wirsching-Cinematographer, Carl Von Spratti- Set Designer and Len Hartley- Sound Recordist, to Deolali ( near Nashik) under house arrest. Film Kangan was completed by the second line staff of N.R.Acharya and Najam Naqvi. Soon Himanshu Rai lost his mind, suffered from mental illness and died on 19-5-1940.

After his death, the Directors of Bombay Talkies, namely-F.A.Dinshaw, Chimanlal Setalvad, Sir Chunilal Mehta, Sir Phiroze Sethna, Sir Richard Temple and Cawasji Jahangir met in a huddle and appointed Devika Rani as the Production In charge of the company with all powers. Consequently, this led to dissatisfaction among a group of people led by S.Mukherjee. So, two teams were formed for making films. To the credit of Devika Rani, it must be said that during her reign, Bombay Talkies rolled out the best films ever from the studio,like Bandhan, Jhoola, Kismet, Basant, Jwar Bhata, Milan etc till 1945. Devika Rani left Bombay Talkies in 1945 after her marriage. The other group had already left to form Filmistan. During this disturbed phase of the company, film Naya Sansar was made based on the story, screenplay and Dialogues by K.A.Abbas.

Khwaja Ahmad Abbas was born in Panipat, Haryana, on 7-6-1916. He was born in the home of celebrated Urdu poet, ‘Khwaja Altaf Husain Hali’, a student of Mirza Ghalib. His grandfather Khwaja Gulam Abbas was one of the chief rebels of the 1857 Rebellion movement, and the first martyr of Panipat to be blown from the mouth of a cannon. Abbas’s father Ghulam-Us-Sibtain graduated from Aligarh Muslim University, was a tutor of a prince and a prosperous businessman, who modernised the preparation of Unani medicines. Abbas’s mother, ‘Masroor Khatoon’, was the daughter of Sajjad Husain, an enlightened educationist. Abbas took his early education in ‘Hali Muslim High School’, which was established by his great grand father Hali. He had his early education till 7th in Panipat. He was instructed to read the Arabic text of the Quran and his childhood dreams swung at the compulsive behest of his father. Abbas completed his matriculation at the age of fifteen. He did his B.A. with English literature in 1933 and LL.B. in 1935 from Aligarh Muslim University

Worked on National Call, a New Delhi paper (1933); started Aligarh Opinion when studying law (1934); obtained law degree in 1935; political correspondent and later film critic for nationalist Bombay Chronicle, Bombay (1935- 47) praising Dieterle, Capra and esp. Shantaram. Wrote Indian journalism’s longest- running weekly political column, Last Page (1941-86), in Chronicle and Blitz. Best-known fiction (Zafran Ke Phool situated in Kashmir, Inquilab on communal violence) places him in younger generation of Urdu and Hindi writers with Ali Sardar Jafri and Ismat Chughtai, whose work followed the PWA? and drew sustenance from Nehruite socialism’s pre- Independence, anti-Fascist and anti-communal commitments. Founder member of IPTA’s all- India front (1943), to which he contributed two seminal plays: Yeh Amrit Hai and Zubeida. Entered film as publicist for Bombay Talkies (1936) to whom he sold his first screenplay, Naya Sansar (1941). First film, Dharti Ke Lal, made under IPTA’s banner and drew on Bijon Bhattacharya’s classic play Nabanna (1944), dealing with the Bengal famine of 1943.

Set up production company Naya Sansar (1951), providing India’s most consistent representation of socialist-realist film (cf. Thoppil Bhasi and Utpal Dutt). Best work is in the scripts for his own films and for those of Raj Kapoor (Awara 1951); Shri 420 (1955), 1955, both co-written with V.P. Sathe; Jagte Raho, 1956; Bobby, 1973) and Shantaram’s Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani (1946; adapted from his own book, And One Did Not Come Back), which combined aspects of Soviet cinema (Pudovkin) and of Hollywood (e.g. Capra and Upton Sinclair), influencing a new generation of Hindi cineastes (Kapoor, Chetan Anand) and sparking new realist performance idioms (BALRAJ SAHNI). His Munna, without songs or dances, and Shaher Aur Sapna, cheaply made on location in slums, were described as being influenced by neo-realism. Pardesi is the first Indian-Soviet co-production, co- directed by Vassili M. Pronin. The landmark Supreme Court censorship judgement about his Char Shaher Ek Kahani (aka A Tale of Four Cities) curtailed ‘arbitrary’ governmental pre- censorship powers on the grounds that the Indian Constitution guarantees the right to free speech. His constitutional challenge of the Cinematograph Act led to the famous Supreme Court decision upholding the validity of precensorship of cinema. Interestingly in Interestingly in 1939, K A Abbas had written a letter to Gandhi urging him to reconsider his opinion on the idea of the evil of cinema. He writes
“Today I bring for your scrutiny – and approval -a new toy my generation has learned to play with, the CINEMA! – You include cinema among evils like gambling, sutta, horse racing etc… Now if these statements had come from any other person, it was not necessary to be worried about them… But your case is different. In view of the great position you hold in this country, and I may say in the world, even the slightest expression of your opinion carries much weight with millions of people. And one of the world’s most useful inventions would be allowed to be discarded or what is worse, left alone to be abused by unscrupulous people. You are a great soul, Bapu. In your heart there is no room for prejudice. Give this little toy of ours, the cinema, which is not so useless as it looks, a little of your attention and bless it with a smile of toleration”.

Published many books including I Am Not An Island and Mad Mad World of Indian Films (both 1977). Other important scripts: Neecha Nagar (1946); Mera Naam Joker (1970); Zindagi Zindagi (1972); Henna (1991). Abbas also brought a number of new talents into the film industry, such as Amitabh Bachchan in Saat Hindustani . K.A.Abbas died on 1-6-1987 at Bombay. ( adapted, with thanks, from The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema).

One of the many artistes developed by Bombay Talkies was N.R.Acharya. He was born in Karachi in 1909. He was a Government contractor, when he joined the East India Film Company, Calcutta- one of the first sound film studios in India. He shifted to Bombay and joined Bombay Talkies as Production Manager, when film Achhut Kanya was being made in 1936. When Franz Osten was arrested, while directing film kangan, he completed his work on that film.

He directed his first film Azad-40 and then Bandhan-40, both with Ashok kumar and Leela Chitnis. Then came Naya Sansar-41. When S.Mukherjee, Ashok kumar Wachha and others left Bombay Talkies, he too left, but did not join any group. He started his own company Acharya Arts productions. He produced and directed kishor Sahu’s film Kunwara Baap-42. Then it was Uljhan-42,Aage Kadam-43, parivartan and Shohrat-49, Gujarati film Lagna Mandap-50 and lastly Dhola Maru-56. Amiya Chakravarty and gyan mukherjee were his followers. He died in 1993.

The story of film Naya Sansar-41, as given on wiki, is…

The film was written by Abbas, who was a film critic at that time. He used his journalistic background to create a story about the rising radicalism in Indian society and journalism. The story addressed the conflict between a dynamic young reporter and his cautious, yet idealistic, editor of the fictional progressive newspaper, ‘Sansar’. The story line revolved around the editor, Premchand (Mubarak), who is in love with a beautiful orphan named Asha (Renuka Devi), whom his family has raised from an infant. Soon after Asha starts working for the paper, she falls in love with Sansar’s star reporter and dedicated radical-journalist, Puran (Ashok Kumar). Asha, however, still feels indebted to Premchand’s family.
When Premchand starts to hedge on his radicalism by dealing with the evil Dhaniram, Puran quits, and starts his own newspaper, “Naya Sansar”. Premchand quickly sees the error of his ways, and not only returns to the paper’s previous left-wing stance, but also condones the marriage of Asha and Puran.

One remarkable thing about film Naya Sansar. Ashok Kumar started his career from Jeevan Naiya-36 and acted in 11 films till Naya Sansar-41. He became famous as a Romantic hero. His biggest problem was he did not know what to do about his hands while acting and felt very embarrassed in his films. Due to this he looked bewildered in his films all the time.

In film Naya Sansar-41 he solved this problem. His role was of Puran-a radical journalist. For the first time, he smoked cigarette on the screen and his problem of hands was solved for ever. Thus started his smoking as his trademark in films. Even in private life, he was a heavy smoker.

Today’s song is a chorus song, sung by Arun Kumar and Kavi Pradeep.


Song-Naya zamaana aaya logon naya zamaana aaya (Naya Sansaar)(1941) Singers- Singers-Arun Kumar Mukherji, Kavi Pradeep, Lyricst- Kavi Pradeep, MD- Saraswati Devi
chorus

Lyrics

Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya
Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya
aaz naya sansaar sang mein
nayi kahaani laaya
haan haan
nayi kahaani laaya
ho Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya

jag mein jeewan jyot jagaane
aazaadi ka bigul bajaane
aaj naya sansaar nayi dhun
nayi zindagi laaya
haan haan
nayi zindagi laaya

lo Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya

halchal charon aor machi hai
chahal pahal ghanghor machi hai
lo duniya bhar ke samaaj ki
palat chuki hai kaaya

Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya

lo duniya bhar ke samaaj ki
palat chuki hai kaaya

Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya

kadam kadam par naya taraana
kaun sunega geet puraana
kya dharti kya aasmaan
donon par joban chhaaya aa aa
Naya zamaana aaya
kya dharti kya aasmaan
donon par joban chhaaya aa aa
Naya zamaana aaya
Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya
aaz naya sansaar sang mein
nayi kahaani laaya
haan haan
nayi kahaani laaya
lo Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya
naya zamaana aaya


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