Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Shams Lucknowi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4973 Post No. : 16848 Movie Count : 4583

Today’s song is from the film Kismatwala-1944.

There was another film with the same Title in 1986. Additionally, there came a film ‘Kismatwali’ in 1947. Thank God, filmmakers did not think of Kismat Wale ka Beta or Beti or Son of Kismat Wali or some other relatives ! The title Kismat was used for films 6 times-in 1943, 56, 68, 80, 95 and 2004. Titles having the word kismat were there in 12 movies from 1935 to 2012. Considering all Kismat titles, every 4 years there was a film having the word Kismat in its title !

Kismatwala – 1944 was a stunt film directed by stunt film specialist Nanubhai Vakil. He was an unusual person to join the film industry, because he hailed from an educated and respected family and he himself was highly educated- B.A., LL.B. He married one of his Heroines Sarojini and their daughter AZRA too became a Hindi film Heroine.

The film had 9 songs written by Shams Lucknowi and 2 Music Directors- Shanti Kumar Desai and Ratanlal. The cast included Navin Yagnik, Urmila, Prakash, Vatsala Kumthekar, Laxmi Kumthekar, Ansari, Narmada Shankar, Himalaywala and many others.

The Indian Film Industry and Indian Political system have one thing common in them. They both try to promote their kith and kin into their own profession, where they have succeeded. One can understand if children are handed over the reins of family business, which is run by many Generations. But Political Leadership or Acting or Singing is surely not a ‘business’. Their position is earned by doing hard work or by individual Good luck. Most of the people forget this and they try to pass on their place to their kith and kin as if it is a mantle or the Olympic Torch. They try to install their children in the seat which they have earned through hard work. The result, most times, is disastrous, because without hard work or extraordinary luck,it is difficult to succeed in these two professions.

We have seen many such cases in Politics as well as film line. Successful Actors or Actresses tried to promote their sons/daughters, but most of them were flops. Barring a few cases of successes like Sanjay Dutt and few others, there are hardly any new generation successes. Kishore Sahu ( Naina), Leela Chitnis (Ajit), Balraj Sahni ( Parikshit Sahni), Raaj Kumar ( Puru ), Vasant Joglekar ( Meera), Hemen Gupta (Archana), Kidar Sharma (Ashok) and many more examples establish the fact that only a successful parent or a sibling is not enough to guarantee success in film line for their descendents.

Same is the case with Music too. Just because the parent or a sibling was a known Musician or a Singer was not a guarantee to succeed. Cases of Amit kumar (Kishore Kumar), Basant Prakash(Khemchand Prakash), Chandru Atma (C.H.Atma), Khalid Mehmood (Talat Mehmood), Varsha Bhosle( Asha Bhosle) are some known examples of Kin failures. There are so many cases in both groups. This point is relevant here because there are 2 such cases in this film’s credits.

MD Ratanlal was the younger brother of the famous Music Director Khemchand Prakash. Ratanlal gave music to only 8 songs in just 2 films as a Music Director- Baraat-42 and Kismatwala-44. In film Baraat-42 he was co-MD with his brother Khemchand Prakash, who had taken the name as Khemraj for this film.

Another sibling was Laxmi Kumthekar, who was the younger sister of actress-singer Vatsala Kumthekar. C. Ramchandra writes an anecdote about this Laxmi and Vatsala, in his autobiography. Here is that excerpt from the English version book “The life and times of C.Ramchandra” by D.S.Phansalkar….

” The well known Marathi singer of the 40’s, Vatsala Kumthekar used to visit the studio now and then, at times with her younger sister. She was a teenager of about 18 years, very beautiful and fresh faced. She visited my music department and listened to the songs. I was not aware that she was fond of me. I came to know about it when she fell ill.

One day Vatsala came rushing to me , puffing and scared. She said, ‘Anna, I want to have a word with you.’

‘Sure, no need to ask me.’

‘My sister is quite unwell.’

‘Yes,I know, how is she now ?’

‘She has a high fever, becomes unconscious, talks endlessly and she keeps calling you.’

I guessed what she was trying to aim at. I told her in strong words, ‘Look your sister is mistaken about something.’

‘What do you mean ?’

‘I am newly married and I love my wife.’

‘Is that so ?’ She fumed and left the room stomping her feet !

In the cast you can see an unusal name Himalaywala. Let us know more about him.

From the cast listing, an interesting name is that of A Himalaywala. His name was Mohd Afzaluddin. He was born on 15th March 1916, at Dehradun. After school education he joined his brother, Mohd Misaluddin’s firm – The Himalaya Drug Company, a leading Pharma company of repute (even today). He worked there for 10 years and after a dispute with his brother, left the company. He came to Bombay to join films.

First he had thought of starting a company, but looking at the situation, he decided to do acting only. His first film was ‘Kiski Biwi’ (1942), directed by MA Mirza. His name was changed from Afzal to A Himalaywala (since he came from the Himalayan town of Dehradun, like Kashmiri from Kashmir), by Shaukat Hussain, husband of Noorjehan. However in many films he was credited as Afzal only. He worked in few films like, ‘Vishwaas’ (1943), ‘Ankh Ki Sharm’ (1943), ‘Dost’ (1944), ‘Kismatwaala’ (1944), ‘Zeenat’ (1945), ‘Humayun’ (1945), ‘Nal Damayanti’ (1945), ‘Jagbeeti’ (1946), ‘Samrat Ashok’ (1947) and ‘Elaan’ (1947).

He was an outspoken and straightforward person, fond of hunting, football and travelling by car. He toured all of India twice in his car. In 1943, he married actress singer Amirbai Karnataki. After marriage he banned her from acting in films. Within 2-3 years, on this and other issues, they could not get along. He used to hit her and take all her money. At last, it was rumoured that he gave her talaaq after taking 2 lakh rupees and her car. Even after this he was stalking her. She stayed with her elder sister Ahilya Bai. Then one day, she was kidnapped by Himalaywala, from the recording room. She was kept locked in a room and beaten daily. She somehow managed to inform her sister.

Ahilyabai then got in touch with her acquaintance Mr Rasiklal Vyas and his brother Chhailabhai Vyas – one of the best criminal lawyers of Bombay. With their political and social connections, they forced the police to register an FIR, which was refused due to Himalaywala’s bribe. Meanwhile Himalaywala was alerted by his cronies. Within a few hours Amirbai was escorted back to her sister’s place, by Himalaywala. All this episode is described in full detail in the book ‘Aap Ki Parchhaiyaan’, by Rajnikumar Pandya ji. Amirbai later married Gujarati Journalist Badri Kaanchwala.

After partition, Himalaywala migrated to Pakistan. There the lady luck smiled on him and he did very well. Urdu film Shahida (1949) was his first film in Pakistan, which celebrated silver jubilees in Delhi and Lucknow.

Himalaywala was in leading role in Pakistan’s first silver jubilee Urdu film 2 Aansoo in 1950. He was the main villain actor in most of the 1950s movies. He played the Akbar The Great role in the musical film Anar Kali in 1958. His other famous moves were Kundan (1950) Chan Way(1951), Ghulam (1953), Gumnam, Ruhi (1954), Shoni(1955),Qatil (1955), Sarfarosh (1956)Saat Lakh (1957), Gumrah, Naghma-e-Dil (1959), Farishta (1961), Watan(1960) and Azra (1962).

He was seen in 33 movies, only two of them were in Punjabi language. His last film was Yahudi Ki Larki in 1963.He became successful as an actor and was also famous. His role of Akbar in the film ‘Anarkali’ (1957) was particularly appreciated very much. Mohd Afzuluddin Himalaywala married Begum Perveen, in Pakistan. He died on 1st January 1984 in Lahore. (Thanks to Film directory-46, http://www.pak.mag.com, Shishir krishna Sharma ji, book Aap ki parchhaiyan by Rajnikumar Pandya ji and my notes, for information used herein.)

Today’s song is sung by Kalyani Bai. With this song, the film Kismatwala-1944 makes its Debut on this Blog. I thank Mr. Sadanand ji Kamath for this song.


Song- Dhoondhta hai dil bahaana jaan khone ke liye (Kismatwaala)(1944) Singer- Kalyani Bai, Lyricist- Shams Lucknowi, MD- Shanti Kumar Desai

Lyrics

Dhoondhta hai
Dhoondhta hai
dil bahaana
jaan khone ke liye ae
maut ki aagosh mein
raahat se sone ke liye
maut ki aagosh mein
raahat se sone ke liye

dekhiye kismat ki khoobi
dost bhi dushman huye ae ae ae ae ae ae
dekhiye kismat ki khoobi
dost bhi dushman huye ae ae ae ae ae ae ae
phool kaante
phool kaaante ban gaye ae ae
nashtar chubhone ke liye
phool kaante

rote rote hijr mein
aen aen
rote rote hijr mein
aen aen aen aen aen aen aen aen
aen aen
rote rote
rote rote hijr mein
dariya bahaaye is qadar
aankh mein aansoo nahin
baaqi hai rone ke liye
aankh mein aansoo nahin
baaqi hai rone ke liye

dhoondhta hai
dil bahaana
jaan khone ke liye ae


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4492 Post No. : 16018

Today’s song is from film Bade Nawab Saheb-44. It was a Muslim social film, produced by Silver films – a joint venture of actors Kumar and Chandra Mohan. The film was directed by Vedi, a name about which I could not get any information except that he was a director from the Silent era. In the Talkie era, he has 4 films to his credit as director. First film is Bade nawab saheb-44, then Naseeb-45, Room Number-9 – 46, and For Ladies only-51. This is all I know about Vedi. Unfortunately, we do come across few such names from the early era films. This is because we have very poor documentation. Information on big actors etc is available. That is why the task of Hindi film History students (like me, for example) is tough in securing and recording information for the posterity.

The music director was Bashir Dehalvi. Here too, we only know that he gave music to films like Jhankar-42, Kalakar-42, Ujala-42, Koshish-43 and hawai Khatola-46, in addition to today’s film. The 10 songs of the film were written by Lyricist Shams Lucknowi. He seems to be a story and dialogue writer too. Story of film Andaz-49 was by him. He wrote the dialogues of films like Idd ka chand-33 and Kimiyagar-36. He also acted in film Parchhain-52. He wrote 104 songs in 15 films from Lal Haveli-44 to Dahej-50. May be , then he migrated to Pakistan or what, we do not know.

Most of the so called Historical (my friend calls them Distortical), Costume dramas, Arabian Night stories films etc have a Muslim background. But ” Muslim Social” films is a separate category. Initially it was considered to be a very sensitive issue to depict the social life of Muslim families in India and so film producers were wary of making such films. When film makers with modern thinking came to the industry – like K Asif, Mehboob or Fazli brothers- there was a cautious but slow beginning of Muslim social films. My two friends, shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji (originally from Hyderabad and settled later in US) wrote an informative book, ” Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933 to 1947 and shri Isak Mujawar ji wrote (in Marathi) ” Muslim Cinema”. Both these books give good information on this category of films.

Like many other myths in Hindi film industry, one myth is that Mehboob Khan was the pioneer in making Muslim social films in India. This probably originated because the first film of Mehboob’s own company Mehboob Productions was ” Najma”-43, a Muslim social film starring Ashok kumar, Veena, Stara, Kumar, Yaqub etc. But the fact is different.

The first Muslim social film was ” Rashida”-35, made by Madon Theatres, Calcutta, featuring Kajjan, Effendi and others. It was directed by a Jew-Izra Mir. The name of the film indicated that it was about a Muslim girl. Somehow, I find a lot of Muslim social films made had titles of girl’s names, Like Zeenat, Ameena, Najma, Shama, Heena, Zubeida, Salma, Ismat etc etc.

The beginning of serious Muslim social films was done by Fazli Brothers- Hasnain and Sibtain Fazli. They first made a Muslim social film Qaidi-1940, featuring Ramola,Mehtab, B.Nandrekar, Wasti etc. This was a period of struggle for Indian Independence. The fundamentalists in Muslims were active and due to the fear of their reaction, film makers were wary of producing such films.Even Fazli brothers were also afraid that there would be obstruction from these people to their film, so they decided to make the film in Calcutta. Their first Muslim Social film Qaidi-40 was very successful. Encouraged, they made 2 more such films (Masoom-41 and Chauranghee-42) in Calcutta. For film Chauranghee-42, the Fazli Brothers roped in famous Bangla poet (who later on became the National Poet of Bangladesh) Kazi Nazrul Islam- the creator of Nazrul geeti, as a Lyricist and MD for the film.

After 1942, Fazli Brothers shifted their activities to Bombay and made many Muslim social films like Fashion-43,Ismat-44, Dil-46 and Mehendi 47. So, in true sense, it is the Fazli Brothers who were the pioneers of Muslim Social films in India.

From the 40s to the 47, there was a line of Muslim social films lined with pride and confidence. Notable amongst them were Paak Daaman-40 by Rustom Modi, Masoom-41 by Fazli brothers, Muslim ka lal-41 by Mohan Pictures, Fashion -43 by Fazli Brothers, Najma-43 by Mehboob, Salma-43 by Nazir Ahmed, Ismat-44 by Fazli Brothers, Bade Nawab saab-44 by actor Kumar and Pramila, Bhaijaan-45 by United Films, Phool-45 by K.Asif, and Director Mazhar Khan’s Muslim social film ” Pehli Nazar’ in 1945. Amongst these, film ‘ Elan ‘-47 was a milestone film, produced by Mehboob. It dwelt upon the needs of improvements for Muslim community.

After 1947, India lost a very big market for its Muslim social films, when Pakistan-East and West- was formed. It does not mean that Muslim social films were not made after 1947 in India. Films like Kaneez-49, Nisbat-49, Parda-49, Hyderabad ki Nazneen0-52,Darwaza-54, Chandni Chowk-54, Maalik-58, Maa ke aansoo-59, Pahli Raat-59 etc were all Muslim socials. They, however, were not successful, for whatever reasons. But the fun is films of Muslim backgrounds but non social films like Anarkali,Mirza Ghalib,Hatimtai,Alibaba and forty thieves etc were good grossers and ran well. The first Hindi film to win the President’s Gold Medal (the first was Marathi film-Shyam chi aai ), was Mirza Ghalib-54. This indicated that there was no audience for Muslim social films now. Later on, the conditions changed and Muslim social films like Chaudhavi ka chaand, Barsaat ki raat, Chhote Nawab, Bahu Begum, Mere huzur, Pakeeza etc became quite successful. However, some opine that these films succeeded due to other reasons like Music, songs etc. One funny thing was that most Muslim social films-from the beginning- showed Lucknow as the background of the story ! (Film names being mentioned are only indicative and not exhaustive, so many names will be missing here.)

The cast of film Bade Nawab Saheb-44 was Chandra Mohan, Pahadi Sanyal, Kumar, Pramila, Bibbo, Sushil Kumar, Leela Mishra, Kamala, Agha Jaan etc. etc. Chandra Mohan was one of the most handsome actors of Hindi cinema. Some other handsome actors were B. Nandrekar, Vijay Kumar, Al Nasir etc. Chandra Mohan was also a versatile actor. Incensed by losing a role in the Marathi version of film Amrit Manthan-1934, just because he could not speak Marathi fluently, he learnt Marathi in no time and later worked as Hero in 3 Marathi versions of Hindi films !

Born on 24-7-1906 in Narsinghpur in Madhya Pradesh, Chandra Mohan was known for his large grey eyes, voice modulation and dialog delivery. His eyes form the opening sequence in V. Shantaram’s 1934 film Amrit Manthan, which was also his film debut. It was the first film made in the new established Prabhat Films studio, and made both in Hindi and Marathi. Mohan received acclaim for his role as role Rajguru and went on to establish himself as noted villains of times.

In film Geeta-40, Chandramohan was the Hero and had done the Father and Son double role. This was a Bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi, and in both versions, Chandramohan was the Hero. Earlier, V. Shantaram had given a break to Chandramohan in his film ” Amrit Manthan”-34, which also was a Bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi. Chandramohan being a Kashmiri and not knowing Marathi, in the Marathi version, his role of Rajguru was done by keshavrao Datey.

However. soon Chandramohan picked up fluent Marathi and acted in the Bilingual films of Hindi and Marathi like, Jwala-38, Geeta-40 and Apna Ghar-42 He became the first Hindi actor to do roles in Marathi films.

Chandra Mohan later appeared as Emperor Jehangir in Sohrab Modi’s Pukar, as Randhir Singh in Mehboob Khan’s Humayun and as Seth Dharamdas in Mehboob Khan’s Roti.

Actor Kumar did many films in Ranjit, but in 1942, he was removed from Ranjit. At the same time his friend Chandra Mohan also left Minerva Movietone ( reason – inspite of Pukar-39 being a Blockbuster, his salary was not increased, though Modi had promised him so.) They both decided to launch their own company and on 16-3-1942, SILVER FILM COMPANY was launched. Its first film was Jhankaar-42. They produced Bhalai-43, Bade Nawab Saab-44, Naseeb-45, Devar-46, Dhun-53 and Bahana-60. Kumar had acted in these films. He also directed Dhun and Bahana.

One of his last appearances was in Ramesh Saigal’s film Shaheed-48. As Rai Bahadur Dwarka Nath, he played father to Ram, who was portrayed by Dilip Kumar. His character in this film, initially supports the British Government, but later favours the Freedom struggle. Chandra Mohan’s last major film was Raambaan-1949, in which he played the role of demon emperor Ravan. Chandra Mohan had acted in 31 films in all from Amrit Manthan-1934 to film Chocolate-50, which was released after his death.

Chandra Mohan despite being a Kashmiri himself was against Kashmiri girls working in films. He is said to have intimidated actress Shyama Zutshi from working in Hindi films and she left the films. However, later when Yashodhara Katju came into the films, she did not care for his opposition and continued successfully in films. He was very friendly with actor Motilal and treated him as his son.

He was the original choice to play the lead role in K. Asif’s Mughal-e-Azam, but due to his untimely death the film had to be reshot after ten reels were shot with him as lead. The film was eventually released in 1960.

Chandra Mohan took to heavy gambling and drinking and died penniless on 2nd April 1949 at the age of 44 at his residence, Bilkha House, in Bombay.

The story of Bade Nawab Saheb-44 was …….

Nawab Kokub Mirza had 2 wives, but he loved the younger one so much that he even tolerated her younger brother Mushir, a trouble maker. Sikandar was Mirza’s younger brother and they had an old loyal servant Baksho. Sikandar marries an orphan girl-Anwar from an orphanage. On this count, the younger wife and Mushir are able to throw Sikandar and Baksho out of the house.

Sikandar goes out of Lucknow to look for a job. His wife, unaware of the relations, starts working as Maid in Nawab saheb’s house. Mushir tries to misbehave with the modesty of Anwar and is thrown out of the house. Now the nawab is closer to Badi Begum, who convinces him to recall Sikandar. Nawab calls Sikandar and also pardons Mushir.

Now Mushir wants to poison Nawab saheb. He adds poison to his Kheer. Unfortunately, the Kheer is eaten by his sister, the young Begum. She dies and Police arrest Mushir. Now the 2 couples live happily !

Today’s song is a duet by Hamida and Durrani. This is the second song of this film to feature on this Blog. (Thanks to information from books mentioned in the post, which is used herein)


Song-Jaag gayi Jaag gayi Hamaari kismat (Bade Nawab Sahab)(1944) Singers- Hamida Bano, G M Durrani, Lyrics-Shams Lakhnavi, MD- Bashir Dehalvi
Both

Lyrics

Jaag gayi
Jaag gayi
Hamaari
kismat
Hamaari kismat
jaag gayi
Jaag gayi
Hamaari kismat

prem nadi mein josh jo ??
bhai ne bhai ko bulaaya
prem nadi mein josh jo ??
bhai ne bhai ko bulaaya
chhant gaye
zulf ke baadal saare

samjho chaand sitaare
chhant gaye
zulf ke baadal saare

samjho chaand sitaare
chaand sitaare
sachchi
ulfat
sachchi
ulfat
jaag gayi
jaag gayi
hamaari
kismat
hamaari
kismat
jaag gayi
jaag gayi
hamaari kismat

toote huye phir dil milenge
toote huye phir phool khilenge
toote huye phir dil milenge
toote huye phir phool khilenge
kaun
khilenge
sachchi
ulfat
sachchi
ulfat
jaag gayi
jaag gayi
hamaari
kismat
hamaari
kismat
jaag gayi
jaag gayi
hamaari kismat


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4359 Post No. : 15682

Today’s song is from the film Ismat-1944 – a Muslim Social film made by Fazli brothers. This film was directed by the younger brother Sibtain Fazli, making his Debut as a Director. This was the second film of Fazli brothers to be made in Bombay, after the earlier film Fashion-43 also made in Bombay. Prior to that, they began their film making from Calcutta. This was to avoid the possible hindrance from the Muslim fundamentalists in Bombay, who were against making films depicting Muslim social life. Their first such film was Qaidi-40, made at Calcutta. It was followed by Masoom-41 and Chauranghee-42-all at Calcutta. Then they shifted to Bombay.

Films with the Muslim background of Muslim Culture were quite common in India,right from the First ever Hindi Talkie, “Aalam Ara”-31. Not just Social but different Genres like Arabian Night stories,Historical Romance, Folk Tales, Adventure Tales, Religious stories, Common King and Queen stories, Costume dramas etc had Muslim backgrounds. Indian public audiences watched these films with interest and without any bias.

If you see the film production patterns, You will realise that the biggest film companies all over India also followed the pattern of making initial films with Muslim background. Take for example the very first year of talkie films. Out of 24 films made, 7 films were on Muslim background. After Aalam Ara, there was Abul Hasan, Shirin Farhad, Laila Majnu, Noorjehan etc in 1931. Prabhat film company made Ayodhya ka Raja in 1932, but same year, next film was Jalti Nishani-32, a Pseudo-Historical Muslim background movie.

In Calcutta, New Theatres made their first 3 Talkie films in Hindi on Muslim subjects. Mohabbat ke aansoo-a household story, Subah ka sitara-a Folk Tale and Zinda Laash- an Arabian Night story. In the 30s and 40s, most stunt and costume films were on Muslim cultures.

In the initial era, the Talkie films were dependent on Parsi Urdu and Gujarati theatre stories. Before films appeared in India, the main channel of entertainment was stage dramas. Theatres were active and popular mainly in Maharashtra, Bengal and Andhra. The regional drama companies used to have mostly Mythological topics for their dramas. They also used to tour quite a lot. But their sphere of activities was limited to their language areas. Marathi drama companies toured only in Maharashtra towns or where there was a sizable Marathi population, like Baroda, Gwalior or Indore etc. So, their audiences were limited.

Similarly, Bengal and Andhra drama companies also toured where Bangla or Telugu population was the main audience. It was only the Parsee Theatre companies, Alfred, Elphinston etc etc, which toured all over the country, performing their Urdu dramas. Many times these companies used to take whole special trains to travel with artistes and material. This earned them All India acceptance of Muslim themes, which translated into the films that were made initially. In this endeavour, major contribution was from drama writers like Agha Hashra kashmiri, Syed Yavar Ali, Munshi Nazir, Betab, kathawachak, Bekal, Ehsaan etc etc.

Some early Talkie films on Muslim subjects were, Naksh e Sulemani-33, Bahar e Sulemani-35, Naadira-34, Farz e ada-35, Mumtaz Begum-34, Rashida-35 (First Muslim Social film), Noor e yaman-35, Qismat ka shikar-34, Adil e Jahangir-34, Anarkali-35, Jahan Ara-35, Shamsheer e Arab-35 and many more.

Fazli Brothers were the pioneers in making Muslim Social films from 1940 onwards. They felt that due to certain shortcomings in Muslim community, their development is suppressed. Their attempt was to highlight these points like Lack of education, for example, in their films in the garb of entertainment. Filmmakers like the great Mehboob Khan too were keen on such films, because he earnestly wanted to help his community to improve their status in Indian society.

That is why he opted for a Muslim Social theme for his Firtst movie under his own banner,” Mehboob productions”. The film was ‘ Najma-43″. Mehboob featured A grade actors like Veena, Sitara, Ashok kumar, Kumar, Yaqub, Majid and others for his first film. Later on he made yet another Muslim social film,” Elaan”-47 which was much bolder and he expected some opposition from the Muslim Fundamentalists. That is why he had warned his actors – especially Munawwar Sultana- to be ready for any repercussions from their own people, after the film was released. He gave an option to her to quit the film for safety, but she showed total faith in him and stuck to her role in the film.

Film Ismat-44 ( the Google meaning of this word is Chastity or Modesty) was made by Fazli brothers on all this background. By now, with the experience of 4 such films behind them, they had captured the technique of making films with subtle messages to their community. In this film, the darker side of the Western Culture, particularly Divorce and Separation, was highlighted.

The story of the film was – Aslam (Nandrekar) and Ismat (Nargis) get married. They both are from good traditional Muslim families. Same day Shafi Anwar (Ghori) and Ishrat (Mehtab) too get married Both had tasted western culture and follow it merrily. in due course of time, the Eastern culture (Aslam/Ismat) couple is happy, but Western Culture couple (Anwar/Ishrat) can’t adjust or compromise and are divorced. Ishrat joins a Theatre company as a Dancer at a very good salary. Soon she becomes rich and famous.

Aslam goes to Bombay to look for a job and meets with an accident with Ishrat’s car. She takes him to her home and looks after him. In this accident, Aslam loses his memory and forgets about Ismat. One day Ismat and her brother see his photo with Ishrat in a newspaper. They learn everything about his accident and loss of memory etc.

Ismat goes to Bombay and works as a maid in Ishrat’s house. She tries to remind Aslam about his past, step by step. One day Ishrat discovers this and removes Ismat from the job. Dejected, Ismat sits down for nonstop prayer. After some time, due to its power, there is a storm, lightning and thunder. In this period, Aslam is affected and suddenly his memory comes back. He escapes from Ishrat’s home and returns to Ismat. Both get happily united again and Eatern Culture wins over Western Culture.

The Hero of this film was B. Nandrekar, whose name may not ring any bells in new generation readers. Many actors-males and females- shifted from silent films to Talkie films easily as they knew Urdu/Hindi language fluently. There was an actor who easily transitioned from silent films to talkie films. This was B Nandrekar or Baba Saheb Dada saheb Nandrekar.
Nandrekar was one of the very few really handsome actors Hindi films ever had. He was born on 15th November 1910, in Sangli district of Maharashtra, near Kolhapur. Being a Muslim, he could speak Urdu/Hindi fluently. He completed his schooling from Kolhapur and joined films. Vishnupant Damle (one of the founder partners of Prabhat Films) was making silent film ‘Maharathi Karna’ (1928) for Maharashtra Film Co. He offered Nandrekar a role. Then he worked in other films like ‘Baji Prabhu Deshpande’ (1929), ‘Lanka’ (1930), ‘Kismet’ (1931) and ‘Dushman Ki Raat’ (1931).

His first talkie film was ‘Kurukshetra’ (1933). Prabhat gave him a role in ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1936) (its Hindi version came in 1948). He worked in ‘Amar Jyoti’ (1936) and became quite popular as a hero, opposite Shanta Apte. He was the hero in ‘Baghbaan’ (1938) opposite Sitara Devi.

In 1939, he became the first actor to go abroad to shoot scenes in the film ‘Africa In Hind’ – ‘हिन्द में अफ्रीका’ (1939). The shooting was done in Africa. Thus this became the first ever Hindi film to shoot in foreign country, and NOT film ‘Naaz’ (1954), as is popularly believed and also as mentioned in HFGK. Nandrekar had become very popular. The chappals he used in the film ‘Baghbaan’ became fashionable by the name ‘Nandrekar Chappals‘. This alone is enough to prove his popularity.

His lawsuit against Prabhat Film Company was a topic of discussion in the industry. There were differences between him and Prabhat over his contract with them. His lawyers were Mr. Jinnah and Mr. Setalwad, who won the case for him. He was also the first actor to work as a freelancer.

Nandrekar appeared in 23 films. His films were ‘Kurukshetra’ (1933), ‘Amar Jyoti’ (1936), ‘Jaadugarin’ (1937) (UR), ‘Baghbaan’ (1938), ‘Africa In Hind’ (1939), ‘Qaidi’ (1940), ‘Hindustan Hamara’ (1940), ‘Alakh Niranjan’ (1940), ‘Chitralekha’ (1941), ‘Mamaji’ (1942), ‘Duniya Tumhari Hai’ (1942), ‘Nai Kahaani’ (1943), ‘Andhi Duniya’ (1943), ‘Swarn Bhoomi’ (1944), ‘Lady Doctor’ (1944), ‘Ismat’ (1944), ‘Bachpan’ (1945), ‘Kamla’ (1946), ‘Jeevan Sikho’ (1946), ‘Parshuram’ (1947), ‘Meri Amaanat’ (1947), ‘Khandani’ (1947), ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1948) and last film ‘Bihari’ (1948).

He passed away in 1949. No definite information is available about his demise.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari. It is composed by H P Sharma (2 songs), who was a co-MD of the film with his own elder brother Pt. Govardhan Prasad (5 songs). This is the third song from film Ismat-44 to feature on this Blog.

(Ack: Information is used, with thanks, from books – ‘ stages of life ‘ by Kathryn Hansen, ‘Muslim Cinema’ by Isak Mujawar, and ‘Forgotten movies on Muslim culture’ by Kamalakar P.)


Song-Badali hawa luti bahar rang-e- chaman bigad gaya (Ismat)(1944) Singer- Rajkumari Dubey Banraswali, Lyricist- Shams Lucknowi, MD- H P Sharma

Lyrics

Badli hawa luti bahaar
rang-e- chaman bigad gaya
phoool hanse to yoon hanse
daagh bhi gar nikal gaya

gham se badal gayi khushi
maut bani hai zindagi
saans mili to jaise ek
saans mili to jaise ek
teer(??) ka dil machal(?) gaya
saans mili to jaise ek
teer (??) ka dil machal(?) gaya

thahri hawa ko chhaanv ne
sharmo haya ko raat bhar
aah magar ghame sahar
aah magar ghame sahar
kaam bana bigad gaya
aah magar ghame sahar
kaam bana bigad gaya
badli hawa luti bahaar
range chaman bigad gaya
phool hanse to yoon hanse
daagh bhi gar nikal gaya


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3855 Post No. : 14868

Today’s song is a surprise item. Just when we were ( atleast I was) feeling that all available film songs of Noorjehan are covered in the Blog, I came across this song. As a Bonus, even the complete video of this song was traced by me. For a long time, only a short clip of the song was available, but now you can enjoy the full video too.

The song is from film Lal Haveli-44. The film was made by Bombay Cinetone of K.B.Lal, the producer and director of the film. It seems the finance for this film was provided by one Rooplal Mehra, as per comment made by one of our readers. The film story was by R S Chaudhari, dialogues were written by Agha Jaan Kashmiri and Wajahat Mirza and the screenplay was done by the director K B Lal himself.

The cast of the film consisted of the then popular singing pair Surendra and Noorjehan, supported by Ulhas, Maya Banerjee, Badri prasad, Kanhiayalal, Baby Meena(Meena kumari), Alaknanda, Brijrani and few others. The veteran composer Meer Sahab composed the melodious songs written by Munshi Shams Lucknowi.

Noorjehan ( 21.9.1926 – 23.12.2000 ) had a very short span of career in India- 1942 to 1947, as far as Hindi films are concerned. Her first Hindi film was Khandaan-42 as an adult and the last film was Jugnu-47. She acted in only 15 films during this period. They were Khandan-42, Naukar-43, Naadaan-43, Duhai-43, Lal Haveli and Dost in 44, Zeenat, Gaon ki Gori, Bhaijaan and Badi Maa in 45, Hamjoli, Dil and Anmol Ghadi in 46 and Mirza Sahibaan and Jugnu in 47. In these films, as per one source, she sang just 68 songs. 66 songs of these are already discussed on the Blog. Today’s song will be the 67th song.

As long as Noorjehan was in India, people were mad about her singing. After she left India, people became Nostalgic about her. Many composers used to insist the female singers to sing like Noorjehan ( just like after Saigal, his copies were popular), for quite some time. Over a period of course this influence waned. Out of the many artistes-in different categories of film making- who migrated to Pakistan, no one became as successful as Noorjehan. Not because she was extraordinary, but because there was an aura of fame and awe about her singing.

During 1980,Zia Sarhadi, who too had migrated to Pakistan, visited India. While in Bombay, he was asked ” How is our Noorjehan ?” He replied,” the most successful artiste who came from India was Noorjehan in Pakistan.”
” How is her singing?”
” you call it singing because she is singing, otherwise there is no charm in her singing anymore. Shreiking is what she does now, instead of singing. People in India are nostalgic about her. And why not ? Her best songs finished in India only. What she is doing in Pakistan , I wont call that singing ! ”
These words from a poet who wrote songs for her, like ” Diya jalakar aap bujhaya ” and ” Aaa intezar hai tera “,speak a lot about Norjehan’s singing in Pakistan.( from the book ” From Noorjehan to Lata” by Isak Mujawar).

I am not a fan of Noorjehan. In fact, except Mohd. Rafi, I dont consider any singer ( that includes Lata too) versatile and heart touching singer. Of course this is my personal opinion. Every person has his own likes and dislikes. When the tune is lovely, music is appropriate and Lyrics are meaningful, any song by any singer-in general- can become popular, but when Lyrics are meaningless, music is average and the tune is ordinary, to render a song that will touch your heart makes a singer immortal-like Rafi.

Film Lal Haveli-44 had some less known artistes namely Alaknanda and Brij Rani. Let us know more about them.

Brij Rani was born in 1921 at Shikarpur, Sindh province, in a well to do business family. She studied up to Matriculation and also qualified as a Middle School Teacher. However, she opted to join films as an actress. Her first film was Jeewan Jyoti-37, doing an un credited small role to get the feel, followed by Calcutta after Midnight-37, Aurat-40, Wayda-40, Ulti Ganga-42, Daughters of the Jungle-43, Bhagta Bhoot-43, Circus Girl-43 etc . She was getting roles only in stunt films and C grade films. Being from a business community, she started her own company- Bharat productions and herself made stunt films.
Meanwhile she continued acting in films like Lal Haveli-44 and acted and directed film Circus King-46 and film Sajni-47. Then there was a gap. probably she looked after her family. In 1951, she directed film Daamaad-51.

You will find one more name in the cast-Alaknanda. In Hindi films, there were many sister-pairs who worked as actresses, but in the history of Hindi films-both Silent as well as Talkie- there have been only 3 sets of 3 sisters who worked as actresses in the same periods. The first set was of Zubeida, Sultana and Shehzadi in the early 30s. Then in the 40s came the second set of Alaknanda, Tara and Sitara Devi. In the 50s, the last Trio of Padmini, Ragini and Lalitha worked in same period. After this, to my knowledge, no such Trio of actresses came on the screen. If you count step-sister also, then Mehtab was the step sister of Zubeida, Sultana and Shehzadi trio. This made them the only Quartet of Sister Actresses in Hindi Film History ever ! Even their mother Fatima acted, directed and Produced films, to boot !! Alas ! Their father did not join films !!!

Alaknanda was born in or around 1910 in a Banares situated Mishra family. Her clan had a tradition of singing in temples for the last 5 centuries. The family had close relations with Nepal and its Royal family. Her Grandfather was a court singer. Her grandmother and mother were from Nepal, so Alaknanda called herself as ‘ half Nepalese ‘.

When her father wanted to train her and her younger sister Tara, in Dancing and music, there was opposition from their society. Therefore the family moved to another corner of Banares and he started a Music school and trained children of Royal families from Bengal. In one of their visits to Calcutta, Sitara Devi was born in Calcutta. Alaknanda’s first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33. She worked in 37 films till late 40s. All three sisters worked together in film Haiwaan-40. She had sung 15 songs in 7 films. She got Cancer and died sometime in or around 1947. Not much information is available about her or her sister Tara/Tara Devi/Tarabai. Vithal Pandya, in his book mentions that in her last days, Tara stayed in Bombay slums and worked as extra in films in her old age( Famous dancer Gopi krishna was her son). Sitara Devi, on the contrary,lived a famous,rich and majestic life, with several marriages. That’s life, anyway.

Film Lal Haveli-44 story was nothing new. It was spun around an old time Thakur- beautiful daughter- cruel creditor etc type story. The story was-

Thakur Ramchand lives in his ancestral Haveli, of which he is very proud. His sister has eloped with an ordinary soldier. He had objected to their love story as the boy was from a lower caste. The soldier dies in war and his sister commits suicide. Thakur is very sad. His daughter Mukta (Noorjehan) is in love with her childhood friend Anand (Surendra). Thakur’s haveli is already mortgaged with seth Laxman singh. When thakur knows about Mukta’s love, he bans Anand from coming to their house, but the lovers meet secretly. Mukta is sent to attend the marriage of the daughter (Maya Banerjee) of Laxman singh. There, Laxman Singh’s son Jawahar (Ulhas) sees Mukta and desires her. On Mukta’s return to Thakur, Laxman singh proposes her marriage with Jawahar in return of his Haveli.
Mukta, to save family pride, agrees to this marriage. Anand is upset and joins Army and goes to the war front. Anand is injured severely. In the meantime Thakur dies and the marriage gets cancelled. Enraged, Jawahar decides to burn the Haveli as a revenge. Anand returns to the village, comes to know this. There is a confrontation of Jawahar and Anand. Finally, Jawahar has a change of heart, seeing the true love of Mukta and Anand and he blesses their marriage with Lal haveli as a Marriage Gift. So, all is well, happy ending.

In today’s video, see Noorjehan, Ulhas, Maya Banerjee, dancing- singing girls and enjoy this melodious song.

Audio

Video

Song-Bhaiyya hamaaro jee (Laal Haweli)(1944) Singers-Unknown female voice, Noorjahaan, Lyrics-Shams Lucknowi, MD-Meer Sahab
Chorus

Lyrics

bhaiyyaa humaaro ji ee
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
aayi hain bahne aas lagaaye
aayi hain bahne aas lagaaye
dekho khadi hain duaar
dekho khadi hain duaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji ee
bhaiyaa humaaro ji

haathon mein pahnungi sone ke kangan
haathon mein pahnoongi sone ke kangan
heere kaa pahnoongi haar
haar

heere kaa pahnoongi haar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji

pahanoongi main to dhaake ki saadi
pahanoongi main to dhaake ki saadi
bambay kaa gotaa kinaar

bambay kaa gotaa kinaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji

na mohe chaahiye kangan naa saadi
na mohe chaahiye kangan naa saadi
naa teraa gotaa kinaar
naa teraa gotaa kinaar
ik bol kehde ae mere bhaiyaa
ik bol kehde ae mere bhaiyaa
pyaar se behna pukaar
pyaar se behna pukaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji ee
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
aayi hain behnen aas lagaaye
aayi hain bahnen aas lagaaye
dekho khadi hain duaar
dekho khadi hain duaar
bhaiyaa humaaro ji
bhaiyaa humaaro ji


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3495 Post No. : 14044

Today (11 february 2018) is the birth anniversary of Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931). People may argue that he has nothing to do with HFM, but I would argue back that there would be no HFM but for Edison. One out of Edison’s countless inventions was the invention of phonograph, which made it possible to record sound. All the HFM music that we are listening to now owe their existence to this paradigm shifting invention in human existence. We have no way of knowing how the great personalities of the past sounded like, but thanks to Edison, we got a device that could record the voices of people for posterity. That way the contemporaries of Edison and those who came later has their lives enriched to a degree that is beyond our imagination.

Of course, motion picture camera and light bulb are also his inventions. One can safely say that the modern life that we take for granted these days owes a lot to the inventions of Edison. All these inventions led to creation of major industries !

Lots and lots of other discoveries and inventions by lots and lots of other people have taken place since then. In the past, there was no way to preserve voice for postrity. Now it can not only be preserved, but now it can be shared with others easily with people that may be living on the other side of the globe, without leaving the comforts of our own homes ! What is more, these recordings can even be edited, enhanced etc. For instance, there are quite a few recordings that are of poor quality. But tchnology is now available that enables us to improve their quality quite dramatically.

It goes without saying that our blog makes use of lots of technologies that Thomas Edison and many others have created over that last 150 years or so.

Take the song under discussion for example. This song is from “Sheesh Mahal”(1950). Sheesh Mahal had nine nine songs in it. Seven songs have been covered in the blog. Out of the remaining two songs, one song is available in good audio quality (even video is available). But there is one song which seems to be missing from the movie and its audio, as available leave much to be desired.

But as noted above, technology comes to the rescue. There are audio softwares available that can help reduce noise and enhance audio quality. I am not much experienced in such matters but still I have been able to reduce the noise in this audio to an extent where the audio quality is bearable. May be with experience, I will become better.

So, on the occasion of Thomas Alva Edison’s 171st birth anniversary, here is this rare song from “Sheesha Mahal”(1950). This song is sung by Pushpa Hans. She had acted in it as well, so assuming that this song was picturised, it was picturised on herself.

Shams Lucknowi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Vasant Desai.

This song becomes the 500th song of 1950 to appear in the blog. That way, 1950 becomes the second year, after 1949, to have 500 songs in the blog. 1959 and 1960 are two years that are waiting in the wings to join this group.


Song-Bhoole zamaane yaad na kar (Sheesh Mahal)(1950) Singer-Pushpa Hans, Lyrics-Shams Lucknowi, MD-Vasant Desai

Lyrics

bhoole zamaane yaad na kar
yaad na kar
bhoole zamaane yaad na kar
yaad na kar

duniya ki yahi baaten hain
duniya ki yahi baaten hain
din hain to phir kabhi raaten hain
din hain to phir kabhi raaten hain
dil ko tu naashaad na kar
naashaad na kar
yaad na kar
bhoole zamaane yaad na kar
yaad na kar

zaalimon ki ye basti hai
zaalimon ki ye basti hai
rone pe duniya hansti hai
rone pe duniya hansti hai
aansuon se fariyaad na kar
fariyaad na kar
yaad na kar
bhoole zamaane yaad na kar
yaad na kar

ae dost hamen gham sahne de
ae dost hamen gham sahne de
kisi(?) ki nishaani rahne de
kisi(?) ki nishaani rahne de
shaad na kar
barbaad na kar
barbaad na kar
yaad na kar
bhoole zamaane yaad na kar
yaad na kar


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Majhdhaar”(1947) was directed by Sohrab Modi for Minerva Movietone, Bombay. This social movie had Khursheed, Surendra, Sadiq Ali, Baby Tabassum, Surekha, Erich Tarapore, Rafiq Ghaznavi, Ghulam Hussain, Faizbai etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Shahanshah Babar”(1944) was directed by Wazahat Mirza Changezi for Ranjit Movietone, Bombay. This historical movie had Khursheed Bano, Sheikh Mukhtar, Sushil Kumar, Lala Yakoob, Majid, Anwari, Hasan Sheikh, Laddan, Sulochana Chatterji, Nagendra, Agha Jani etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Laal Dupatta”(1948) was directed by K B Lal for Aakaash Chitra, Bombay. This movie had Madhubala, Sapru, Ranjeet Kumari, Neelam, Bahagabai, Gulzar, Rajan Haksar, Kesari, Pandit Iqbal, Yusuf, Ulhas etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Laal Dupatta”(1948) was directed by K B Lal for Aakaash Chitra, Bombay. This movie had Madhubala, Sapru, Ranjeet Kumari, Neelam, Bahagabai, Gulzar, Rajan Haksar, Kesari, Pandit Iqbal, Yusuf, Ulhas etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Bade Nawaab Sahab”(1944) was directed by Vedi for Silver Films, Bombay. This “social” movie had Chandramohan, Pahadi Sanyal, Kumar, Pramila, Bibbo, Sushil Kumar, Shanta Patel, Leela Mishra, Kamla, Taj Mahmooda, Noor, Noor Begam, Laddan, Agha Jaan, Ghori etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16900 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2022) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

16949

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Movies with all their songs covered =1313
Total Number of movies covered=4587

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