Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Shankar Rao Vyas


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4834 Post No. : 16617

When I joined this Blog’s activities in 2010, by way of comments, I used to first read the post fully. In one post our ATUL ji had said something which has been carved deep in my mind. He had said that “In India, people are interested in 3 things- Cricket, Films and Politics”. How true it is !

However, based on my experience of so many years in different fields all over India, I could add one more activity to the above three. And the activity is ” Branding”, Not the kind of Brands in the markets, what I mean is ” Labelling “, in other words. We Indians are quick in branding or labelling everything. In fact it is our very faourite pastime.

Some examples will explain what I mean. Take the case of Cinema – we branded Dilip Kumar as the Tragedy King, Meena Kumari as the Tragedy Queen, Jeetendra as the Jumping Jack, Mithun as Poor Man’s AB, AB as the Angry Young man etc etc. The branding did not change even after DK changed the track and acted in films like Azaad, Ram aur Shyam or Naya Daur etc. AB remained the same even after films like Chupke Chupke, Anand, Abhimaan or Amar Akbar Anthony. Same thing about other actors. Branding/Labelling or the Chhappa is for ever !

Take another example. We feel a Sikh must be either a Taxi Driver or in Army or Police, A Gujarati should only do business, A Bihari must only do Kheti, A Bengali must only read a book or write a book, A Marathi must only do a service in some company or Government etc etc. What if Sikhs are big businessmen, actors, singers ? What if a Gujju is a fine actor, Musician or a singer or a Politician ? What if the Biharis are the single largest group in the successful IAS Cadres (25 % in the last 10 years) ? So on so forth. But No – Branding is almost permanent !

Today we are going to talk about a Gujarati Saint. GUJARAT- the name itself evokes thoughts of Trade and Business. Due to their Business talents, Gujarat was known to Romans, Greeks and Persians, since the pre Christ era. Gujarat Maritime merchant history dates back to the First century after Christ.
Gujarat had produced many worthy souls who made the country proud of them. The top being Gandhi ji. Then there were Sardar Patel, Vikram Sarabhai(Space Ace), Morarji Desai, the Ambanis, Azim Prem ji, Parsis of Navsari, Narendra Modi, Amit Shah etc etc. In the religious field, Gujarat had its share with Jalaram Bappa, Narsi Bhagat, Dadu Dayal, Dayanand Saraswati, Rang Avdhoot ji, Rameshbhai oza, Hemchandra Surishwar, Pramukh Swami etc etc. (these are only indicative examples,not exhaustive).

India had been under the Mughal and the British rules for hundreds of years. A Nation of Hindu majority was ruled by the Minority Mughals, who perpetrated a lot of injustice and tried to destroy the Indian Culture with barbaric brutalities. This gave rise to the Bhakti movement to awaken the Indians and make them self conscious about their own strengths.

The Bhakti Movement was India’s own way to combat foreign attackers, cruel rulers and the sleeping people of India. The movement from 1300 to 1600 AD produced many religious Saints and social reformers from Kanyakumari to Kashmir and from Assam to Gujarat. Indian culture is such that the advice given by a religious saint is more acceptable than that given by a social reformer. Thus, in this hour of need, India’s Saints tried to teach message of reforms such as removal of Untouchability, freedom from Varnashram lifestyles, importance of education, Women’s emancipation and other such matters,through their poems, dohas, Abhangs and writings as well as kirtans. They tried to make the masses wake up against the ill effects of social practices that were being observed those days.

Saints appeared in ALL areas of India,during this period. However,due to language problems, knowledge and information about Saints in other regions trickled down very slowly. States which shared the use of Devanagari script were aware about them in a better way. Thus,Maharashtra,Gujarat,Rajasthan and the Northern Hindi belt states exchanged their knowledge about their saints more frequently than other regions such as Bengal, the Eastern states or the southern states where the scripts were different. Andhra and Karnataka were closer as their scripts are similar, except perhaps the alphabet ‘K’. Tamil and Malayalam scripts have Dravidian origins and were not easily accessible for the rest of India.

India is a Multi racial, multilingual and Multi religions country. It is not only one of the largest Democracies in the world, but also the largest Secular state in the world, where people from different faiths have been living together since centuries.

Many saints and religious leaders have played a significant role in keeping the mixed population of India as One Unit, when it was needed the most. A majority of Hindus, ruled by Muslim Mughals was a natural cause for social divisions, but Saints like Kabir, Surdas, Tulsidas, Ramdas, Tukaram, Ramanand, Narsi Mehta, Purandar das,Namdev, Guru Nanak Dev, Eknath, Bhakta Pundarikar, Rohidas, Mrutyunjaya and many such noble souls, did an excellent job of maintaining harmony amongst peoples of different faiths.

Today we will talk about the ADI KAVI of Gujarati-Narsimh Mehta aka Narsi Bhagat (1414 to 1486). He is one of the most popular saints of Gujarat. No wonder then,that the First Talkie in Gujarati was a film called NARSI MEHTA-1932. In Hindi too,”Narsi Bhagat ” was made as early as 1940. Vishnupant Pagnis (Sant Tukaram fame) had done the role of Narsi Bhagat in this film.(In the first Talkie film of Gujarat “Narsi Mehta”-1932 also this role was done by a Marathi actor Maruti Rao Pehelwan.)

The best Bhajan written by Narsi Bhagat is “Vaishnav jan to tene kahiye”. All Indians know that this was the most favourite Bhajan of Gandhi ji. Actually many people thought that he himself wrote this Bhajan !

Here is a short Biography of saint Narsi Bhagat –

Narsinh Mehta was born in Vaishnava Nagar community at Talaja and later shifted to Junagadh (then Jirndurg) in Saurashtra, Gujarat. He lost his parents when he was 5 years old. He could not speak until the age of 8. He was raised by his grandmother Jai Gauri.

He married Manekbai probably in the year 1429. Mehta and his wife stayed at his brother Bansidhar’s place in Junagadh. However, his cousin’s wife (Sister-in-law or bhabhi) did not welcome Narsinh very well. She was an ill-tempered woman, always taunting and insulting Narsinh Mehta for his worship (Bhakti). One day, when Narasinh Mehta had enough of these taunts and insults, he left the house and went to a nearby forest in search of some peace, where he fasted and meditated for seven days by a secluded Shiva lingam until Shiva appeared before him in person. On the poet’s request, the Lord took him to Vrindavan and showed him the eternal raas leela of Krishna and the gopis. A legend has it that the poet transfixed by the spectacle burnt his hand with the torch he was holding but he was so engrossed in the ecstatic vision that he was oblivious of the pain. Mehta, as the popular account goes, at Krishna’s command decided to sing His praises and the nectarous experience of the rasa in this mortal world. He resolved to compose around 22,000 kirtans or compositions.

After this dream-like experience, transformed Mehta returned to his village, touched his bhabhi’s feet, and thanked her for insulting him. In Junagadh, Mehta lived in poverty with his wife and two children, a son named Shamaldas, and a daughter for whom he had special affection, Kunwarbai. He revelled in devotion to his hearts’ content along with sadhus, saints, and all those people who were Hari’s subjects – Harijans – irrespective of their caste, class or sex. It also seems that he must have fallen into a somewhat ill repute for his close relations with Lord’s sakhis and gopis, Narsinh mehta’s women followers, with whom he danced and sang. The Nagars of Junagadh despised him and spared no opportunity to scorn and insult him. By this time, Mehta had already sung about the rasaleela of Radha and Krishna. The compositions are collected under the category of shringar compositions. They are full of intense lyricism, bold in their erotic conception and are not without allegorical dimensions, this saves the compositions from being something of erotic court poetry of medieval India.

Soon after his daughter Kunwarbai’s marriage (around 1447) to Shrirang Mehta of Una’s son, Kunwarbai became pregnant and it was a custom for the girl’s parents to give gifts and presents to all the in-laws during the seventh month of pregnancy. This custom, known as Mameru, was simply out of the reach of poor Narsinh who had hardly anything except intransigent faith in his Lord. How Krishna helped his beloved devotee is a legend depicted in ‘Mameru Na Pada’. This episode is preserved vividly in the memory of Gujarati people by compositions by later poets and films. Other famous legends include ‘Hundi (Bond)’ episode and ‘Har Mala (Garland)’ episode. The episode in which none other than Shamalsha Seth cleared a bond written by poverty stricken beloved, is famous not only in Gujarat but in other parts of India as well. The Har Mala episode deals with the challenge given to Mehta by Ra Mandlik (1451–1472) a Chudasama king, to prove his innocence in the charges of immoral behavior by making the Lord Himself garland Narsinh. Mehta depicts this episode. How Sri Krishna, in the guise of a wealthy merchant, helped Mehta in getting his son married is sung by the poet in ‘Putra Vivah Na Pada’. He went to Mangrol where, at the age of 79, he is believed to have died. The crematorium at Mangrol is called ‘Narsinh Nu Samshan’ where perhaps one of the greatest sons of Gujarat was cremated. He will be forever remembered for his poetic works and devotion to Lord Krishna. He is known as the first poet of Gujarati.

The role of Narsi Bhagat was done by Vishnupant Pagnis, a Marathi actor who became famous due to his role in film ” Sant Tukaram”-1936 by Prabhat Film co. Vishnupant Pagnis was born in a small place Chikodi, near Kolhapur, on 1-11-1892, in a lower middle class family. After formal education, he was assisted by Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state to join a Drama company at the age of 10 years. He sang naturally, without any training from an expert. He was a popular artiste doing female roles, till his entry in films. He shifted to work in various drama companies including “Lalit Kaladarsh” of Mama Varerkar- a name connected with many Marathi and Hindi films of that time. In 1913, he floated his own company ‘ Jagchitradarsh ‘, only to wind up after two years in 1915. He continued working in dramas and doing female roles, for which he was famous in those times.

After a few years, he left drama acting. In 1920, he worked in a silent film, Surekha Haran. In this film V Shantaram had also acted. After this he worked as a Music Teacher in Municipal school at Girgaum in Bombay. After his wife died, he lived with his friend Petkar. They started a Gold Jewellery shop “Pagnis Petkar and Mandali” in Girgaon.

When Prabhat Film company planned to make Sant Tukaram, a search was undertaken for the main role and the main female role. This was in early 1936 and he was selected for the role of Tukaram, while a worker in the Prabhat company-Gauri – was selected as his wife. The Director duo of the film- Damle and Fattelal- were not happy about his selection, because his name was associated with female roles. But this became his strong point for the film in which he portrayed a soft, kind and loving Tukaram. He did the role so well that the film Sant Tukaram became an International Hit, in addition to running to full houses in Non Marathi areas like Madras Presidency, covering Andhra, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka and also in Bengal and Punjab. He became an actor in great demand for Saint films. After the film Sant Tukaram, hundreds of people used to crowd in his shop at Girgaum to pay respects and touch his feet as Tukaram. He also always dressed like Tukaram thereafter !

Vishnupant Pagnis worked in 4 more such films, namely Sant Tulsidas-39, Narsi Bhagat-43, Bhakta Raj-43 and his last film Mahatma Vidur-43. He also gave music to 2 films, Sant Janabai- 38 and Sant Tulsidas-39 (Marathi). These two and Mahatma Vidur were also made in Marathi language. His most famous film Sant Tukaram was released in Hindi only in 1948, but without his songs, because he had died on 3-10-1943. The MD- Snehal Bhatkar sang his songs in the Hindi version.

Vishnupant Pagnis did the immortal role of Tukaram in his first film and then lived the role throughout his life, though he did 4 more films in the same Genre of Saint films.His name became famous not only in India but also in other countries, when this film was hailed as “one of the 3 Best films in the world”at the Venice Film Festival, where it won accolades.

Records of his Bhajans from this film created records ( we too had these records in our house in the 40s.) Even today this film is shown and discussed in the film Institutes of many countries.Many books, essays and articles are published on this film. His performance as Tukaram has become a major reference-point in debates about Indian performance idioms: e.g. Kumar Shahani’s essay The Saint Poets of Prabhat, 1981; Geeta Kapur’s Mythic Material in Indian Cinema, 1987 etc etc.

Today’s bhajan is a very good Bhajan. I like it very much. You may also like it.


Song- Mori Hundi sweekaaro maharaj re (Narsi Bhagat)(1940) Singer- Vishnupant Pagnis, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics

Mori Hundi sweekaaro maharaj re
saanvre giridhaari
Mori Hundi sweekaaro maharaj re
saanvre giridhaari
Mori Hundi sweekaaro maharaj re
saanvre giridhaari
mohe ek tihaaro aadhaar re
mohe ek tihaaro aadhaar re
saanwre giridhaari
Mori Hundi sweekaaro maharaj re
saanvre giridhaari

raakhi ?? Prahlad ki
liyo narsinh Avtaar
kamb phaari pargat bhaye
taaro bhoomi ko dhaar re
saanvre giridhaari
Mori Hundi sweekaaro maharaj re
saanvre giridhaari

pooji gopi chandan mori
tulasi kone ko haar
saancha gahna to mero saanwro
mori daulat hai jhaanjh khadtaal re
mori daulat hai jhaanjh khadtaal re
saanvre giridhaari
Mori Hundi sweekaaro maharaj re
saanvre giridhaari
bhajo Radhe Govind bhajo Radhe
bhajo Radhe Govind bhajo Radhe
bhajo Radhe Govind bhajo Radhe
bhajo Radhe Govind bhajo Radhe

bhajo Radhe Govind
bhajo Radhe Govind
bhajo Radhe Govind
bhajo Radhe Govind


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4815 Post No. : 16585 Movie Count :

4519

Today’s song is from an obscure Costume film, Sardar-1940. The film was made by Prakash Pictures, Bombay. It was directed by Dwarka Khosla and the music was by the favourite MD of Prakash Pictures- Shankar Rao Vyas. All the 15 songs were written by Balam Pardesi. However HFGK lists only 12 songs under the film title and 3 more songs are further added through ‘Addenda’, at the end of the Kosh. Today’s song is the first song of this film to be posted here.

Director Dwarka Khosla was born in 1904 at Hoshiarpur, Punjab. He entered the films during the Silent era. His first Talkie films as a director was Josh-E-Jawani-1935. He directed 33 films. His last film was Reporter Raju-1962. The cast of the film was Jayant, Pramila,Shah Nawaz, Amirbai Karnataki, Munshi Khanjar and others. Actor Jayant was a find of Vijay Bhatt. He gave him first chance in Nai Zindagi-1934. He also changed his original name to Jayant.

Jayant was born as Zakaria Khan,on 15-10-1912 at Alwar, Rajasthan. His father Syed Ahmed Khan was originally from Peshawar, but was working as a Sports Coach in the court of the Maharaja of Alwar,Rajasthan. Along with his elder brother Jahangir Khan, Jayant used to sell ‘Makka-Bhutta’ (Maize) on a roadside thela and thus earned his pocket money, with which he used to see films. When he grew up, he was taken by his father to the Maharaja, who recruited him as Second Lieutenant in his Army. Jayant soon got bored with this life, left the job and came to Bombay in search of a job in films. When he met Vijay Bhatt of Prakash pictures, this 6’1″ tall,handsome and young man was liked by him. Jayant also knew Horse riding and swimming. He was named JAYANT by Vijay Bhatt and offered a role in their film Nayi Duniya-1934. Rajkumari Banaraswali also debuted in this film.

Excellent Urdu delivery and handsome personality earned Jayant Hero’s roles in Bambai ki Sethani,Bombay Mail, Lal chithi, Shamsheer-e-Arab, Azadveer, Passing show, Snehlata, Top ka gola, Challenge, His Highness, Khwab ki duniya, Mr.X, State Express, Hero no.1, Sardar and Mala. By now his salary was 3700 per month. He was more at ease in Costume and stunt films than social flicks.

Khwaab ki Duniya-37 was based on the story of Invisible Man and this was the first film as a Director for Vijay Bhatt. Babubhai Mistry from Surat used Trick photography in this film, by using Black Thread on black background.

Jayant was married to 13 year old Kamarbano Sultan. His first son,Imtiaz khan was born on 15-10-42 and second son was born on 21-10-43. He was Amjad Khan (Gabbar singh of Sholay). As a child, Amjad khan was very frail and weak till his second year. Later in his youth, of course he expanded out of proportion. Jayant’s elder brother Jahangir Khan died suddenly in an accident. Jayant was very much attached to him. To forget the sorrow, Jayant started smoking and drinking. After he was out of Prakash Pictures, he was taken by Minerva for Sikander’s role. When Sohrab Modi saw him smoking and drinking on sets, he was summarily thrown out and the role went to Prithwiraj Kapoor, for whom it was a Milestone in his career.

Jayant worked in Aladdin, Laila, Bulbul e Baghdad, Mere saajan, Zewar and Dawat. He even went to Lahore to act in “Poonji” and “Shirin Farhad”. When Shirin Farhad became a resounding flop, Jayant stopped getting roles, but he never went to anyone to ask for roles. P N Arora went to Jayant’s house to sign him for Doli. After Partition, his finances became critical and he had to sell even family jewellery for his drinks. He acted in character roles in Amar ,Insaniyat, Madhumati, Maya, Memdidi, Son of India, Kabli Khan, Hakikat, Leader, Himalay ki God mein, Sangharsh, Do Raaste, Heer Ranjha, Mera Gaon Mera Desh etc. He worked in 105 films. Can you imagine Jayant singing ? Yes, he had sung a song in film State Express-1938, along with Sardar Akhtar.

Jayant was a family man. Till the end he had only one wife and he followed the rule to partake the dinner at home with all family members daily. He contracted Cancer, lost his voice in 1970. His last film was ‘Love and God’,which was released 11 years after his death.

Jayant died on 2-6-1975. ( Thanks to shri Harish Raghuvanshi ji, for Jayant’s profile in his Gujarati book ,Inhe na Bhulana ).

In the last few posts we have seen the brief history of 2 famous studios of yore – Imperial and New Theatres, Calcutta. today we will read the brief history of Prakash Pictures, Bombay.

The success story of the famous Prakash Pictures (1934 to 1971) is also a success and hard work story of two brothers-Vijay and Shankar Bhatt.

The sons of a railway guard, Vijay Bhatt, along with his elder brother and his lifelong partner, Shankar bhai Bhatt, shared a fascination for theatre and films.

The mid twenties brought them to Bombay, where Vijay Bhatt enrolled in St.Xavier’s college and studied upto Inter-Science. While Shankarbhai took up a job in a store selling readymade garments. In order to secure a steady, lucrative job, he obtained a Diploma in Electrical Lighting and Traction from the International Correspondence School, London. Quitting college, he joined the BEST and worked for 3 years rising to be an officer with the designation of Drawing Office Superintendent.

He quit his job after two months and both the brothers decided to take on the world of showbiz.

A flair for writing led him to get involved in a humble way as a storywriter.

It was Ardeshir Irani, the ‘Father of Indian Talkies’ and the maker of ‘Alam Ara’, who would show them the way. At that time, he was the managing director of The Royal Studios. He glanced through the stories, selected one of them and asked the brothers to meet the proprietor of the studio, Seth Aboo Hussein. ‘Show him the story and then come back to me. If it is all right for him, it is all right for me’ they were told.

The story was approved and Ardeshir Irani took it upon himself to teach Vijay Bhatt how to write Screenplay. Every evening after the day’s work and dinner, the Bhatt brothers would make their way to Majestic Cinema, built by Ardeshir Irani in 1918 in partnership with the exhibitor, Abdulaly Yusoofaly. Irani would be here every evening with his friends. And it was here that Vijay Bhatt scripted his very first screenplay, ‘Vidhika Vidhan’, which was made into a film by director K.P.Bhave.

Ardeshir Irani made two more films based on the stories of Bhatt brothers. They were ‘ Paani mein Aag’ and ‘ Ghulam’-1929, both of which were directed by Nagendra Muzumdar. Their third film featured a newly recruited actor from Peshavar, Prithviraj kapoor.

By now, Ardeshir Irani had founded his own Imperial Studios and drawn to it a host of artists and technicians. The Bhatt brothers too had gathered enough experience and ventured to make films on their own.They soon founded the Royal Film Co., in partnership with a cousin and the first film to be produced under this banner was Black Ghost. It starred Master Vithal and Madhuri and was photographed by V. M.Vyas. With Vijay Bhatt at the helm of the creative affairs and Shankarbhai in charge of the business aspect, they made seven silent films under the banner of The Royal Film Company in an open air studio in Juhu. Among them was ‘Heer Ranjha’, where Vijay Bhatt gave A.R. Kardar, a poster maker for foreign film distributors, his first acting assignment.

Then came the year of Talkies and the Bhatts too switched over to this new medium with ‘Alif Laila’-1933, which was based on an Arabian Nights story and made under the banner ofRoyal Cinetone. This was followed by 3 other talkies made under the banner of Kardar Studios. He then founded a film distribution concern, Royal Pictures Corporation, which acquired the distribution rights of ‘Sohni Mahiwal’ for North India for Rs. 11,000 – a sensational amount at that time. For, as he often used to say, “In those days, it cost just about Rs. 8000 to make a film 8 -9 thousand feet in length!”

By now Vijay Bhatt had evolved into a director to be reckoned with. It was time to set up his own production company. And Prakash Pictures was born. Prakash Studios was built in 1934 at Andheri. That time Andheri was an undeveloped suburb of Bombay and not many facilities like roads, Lights etc were available easily there. The place where the studio was to come up was a very big open area. Except for huge open grounds, there was one double storey bungalow. All offices were kept in that. The first film to be made there was the film ‘Actress’-1934 ( Bambai ki Mohini), written and produced by Vijay Bhatt.

After a few more stunt films, a shooting floor was constructed and they made ” Khwaab ki duniya” in 1937. In 1938 they made State Express, Passing show, Challenge and Top ka Gola etc. By that time their reserves for stars included Sardar Akhtar, Pramila, Ratnamala, Ranjana, Jayant, Umakant, Prem Adeeb etc. Harsukh Bhatt and Raja Nawathe were assistant directors. By making stunt films they made good money and completed the second shooting floor also with that money. The famed torch of Prakash Pictures continued to shine over decades and in all, 64 films were made in various Genres, in black and white as well as colour. Vijay Bhatt directed 23 films. He also wrote lyrics for the film Snehlata-1936.

Because of hectic activities in the studio and the traffic to the studio,that part of Andheri became developed with street lights, cement roads, Bus stops etc. Their next film Purnima-38 made excellent business. Bhatt brothers were impressed with Gandhi’s favourite bhajan ” Vaishnav jan to “. They made a film ‘ Narsi Bhagat’ in 1942 with Vishnupant Pagnis and Durga Khote. It ran so well that Prakash made ‘ Bharat Milap’ in Hindi and ( भरत भेट ) in Marathi. The tremendous success made them make ‘Ram Rajya’ ( again in Hindi and marathi) and Prakash became famous all over India, making name, fame and a lot of money.

From 1945 to 1948, Prakash faced a spate of flop films. Bhatta brothers kept silent for 4 years, renting its studio to other producers. Prakash was planning a Love story. Their friend Naushad suggested them Baiju Bawra. They made the film with less famous Bharat Bhushan and Meena Kumari. The film created Box office records.

Goonj uthi Shehnai-59, Hariyali aur Rasta-62 and Himalay ki God mein-65 did well but again few flop films…. Bhatt brothers decided to stop making films from 1971 and sold the studio and all the land.

Vijay Bhatt died on 17-10-1993 at Bombay. Vijay Bhatt played an important role in the careers of some major stars. He was the person who gave Mehzabeen (Meena kumari),the name Baby Meena. He also gave her the first major heroine’s role in Baiju Bawra-52.Till then she did roles in B and C grade films.
O K Dhar Kashmiri was given the name ” JEEWAN “,when he did Narad’s role in Bharat Milap. Later he did Narad’s role in over 100 films.
Suraiyya got her big singing role in Station master-42.
Manoj Kumar was made hero in Himalaya ki God mein-65

Today on that land many factories are erected. Few Housing societies and a Marriage Hall ” Vishal” came up too. Thus ended a glorious chapter of a film making studio called “Prakash Pictures”- a guarantee for wholesome entertainment ! (information for this article is used from vijaybhatt.com, and a book ” तीन भिंतींची दुनिया ” by Bhai Bhagat, with thanks and my notes.)

Today’s song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki (alongwith an unknown male voice, since identified as Sheetal Ghosh). With this song, film Sardar-1940 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song- Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara (Sardaar)(1940) Singer- Amirbai Karnataki, Lyricist- Balam, MD- Shankar Rao Vyas
Amirbai Karnataki + Sheetal Ghosh

Lyrics

Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara aa aa
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara

bhakt ki naiyya ka sahaara
bhakt ki naiyya ka sahaara
andhon ka ujiyaara aa aa
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara

Bhagwaan bhajan pyara aa aa
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara

Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara aa aa
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara aa aa
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara

Pandav aur Prahlad ubaare
bhakt aajaa milte hain saare
Pandav aur Prahlad ubaare
bhakt aajaa milte hain saare
?? nahin hamaara aa
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara

Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara aa aa
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara

sakal vishw mein goonje hardam
Meera ka iktaara
sakal vishw mein goonje hardam
Meera ka iktaara
Bhaj Raam
Ghanshyam
gaaye baarambaar
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara

Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara aa aa
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara
Bhagwaan bhajan pyaara


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4595 Post No. : 16220

Today’s song is the 4th song from the film Ghunghat-1946 to be discussed here. The first 2 songs were posted by Mrs. Nahm ji and then Atul ji discussed the 3rd one. What is so special about this obscure film that 4 songs are discussed here ? Nothing really. It’s just a coincidence. Actually, Rafi’s early songs attracted Nahm ji and I was also eager to listen to the fresh voice of Mohd. Rafi, from his early career.

If one takes a look at the Excel sheet of Rafi songs, so kindly made and given to friends by Muveen ji of the USA, one finds that in the first 7 years, i.e. from 1944 to 1950 (both included), Rafi had sung only 376 songs, which averages out to a poor figure of 4.8 songs – say 5 songs roughly – per month. Not a very encouraging figure. But mind you, this is only an average. Actually, the yearwise songs he sang are as following –

Year Number of songs Remarks
1944 3 songs
1945 12 songs
1946 39 songs
1947 28 songs He had gone to his native place to look after family in view of the Partition, but came back in time to sing for film Saajan-47
1948 58 songs
1949 129 songs
1950 107 songs

From 1951 there was no looking back and the graph was upwards till the end (even in the so-called “Kishore wave” of the early 70s). While reading the book “RAFINAMA” by eminent film historian Isak Mujawar, I collected some interesting data. Some of it was discussed about 4-5 years ago, but now I have added some more to it . Here it is for our readers.

Mohd. Rafi, no doubt, was a versatile singer. Like Lata, when he came on the scene of playback singing-after considerable hard work and struggle- one by one, he replaced the old singers who sang in the films.

Ashok Kumar’s singing spree stopped when Rafi sang for him in the film Saajan-47.
Ishwarlal stopped singing when Rafi sang for him in film Sharbati Aankhen-45.
Shahu Modak stopped after Chakradhari-54.
W.M.Khan after Aalam Ara-56.
G.M.Durrani after Lal Pathar-71.
Karan Dewan after Duniya-49.
N M Charlie after Zameen ke Tare-60.
Balak Ram after Shri Ram Bharat Milan-65.
Moti Sagar after Paak Daman-57.
Man Mohan krishna after Basant bahar-56.

Mohd. Rafi even sang for some composers who used to sing in films
S N Tripathi -Pawanputra hanuman-57
Snehal Bhatkar-Bawre Nain-50 ( he was doing a Beggar’s role) and
Sudhir Sen- Saat Phere-70

Rafi was the only male playback singer who sang with 3 major singer actresses
Noorjehan-Jugnu-47
Khursheed- Aage Badho-47 and
Suraiya- many (13) films.

Coming from a very humble beginning and after hard work and struggle, Rafi had his ups and downs in his career. Like any other big and popular star, he too had his critics,detractors and people who tried to use him. Though he understood their game, he never reacted adversely and always acted very professionally. Ace composer Anil Biswas never liked Rafi’s singing and he had openly passed a remark to that effect ( which,of course, he denied later). However whenever Anil ji called him to sing for him, Rafi always did it professionally, without indicating anything else. Similarly, C.Ramchandra, Roshan, Salil Chaudhari and R D Burman were also not amongst his fans, but he sang for them all, whenever called to do so.

Mohd. Rafi, on his part, had no enemies. He had a clash with leading singer Lata on two counts. One when Lata raised the Royalty issue and two, when Lata’s name came in the Guinness Book for 25000 songs. He however, patched up readily, when interested composers intervened, because his nature was not vengeful basically.

Rafi understood how a small singer would feel and he never refused or hesitated to sing with less known or small time singers( unlike Lata ). Thus Rafi sang with singers like Gandhari (Rane), Razia Begum (sister of actress Suraiya Zulfi), Chandbala, Chand Burke, Kumudini Dikshit, Malti Pandey, Paro Devi, Laxmi Roy ( Geeta Dutt’s sister and Pramod Chakravarty’s wife), Laxmi Shankar, Pramodini Desai Patkar,Nirmala devi, Ramola,Uma Devi, meena Kapoor,Pushpa Huns etc etc. Some of these became well known later on.

Rafi had sung with old timers like Rajkumari ( she was the first female playback singer to sing with him in his career), Zohrabai,Hameeda bano,Lalita Deulkar, Mohantara Talpade etc etc. However when these old timers eclipsed, he sang with the remaining major singers like Asha Bhosle ( 806 songs), Lata ( 344 songs ), Shamshad Begum ( 160 songs ), Suman kalyanpur ( 141 songs ) and also Geeta Dutt, Mubarak Begum, Sudha Malhotra, Usha Mangeshkar etc etc.

Rafi probably was the only male singer who sang for maximum number of father son pairs, viz:
Raj Kapoor- Randhir/Rishi Kapoor
Arun-Govinda
Mumtaz ali-Mehmood
Jayant- Amjad
Premnath-Prem kishen
Balraj-Parikshit
Agha- Jalal Agha
Jeevan- Kiran kumar etc etc

During his career Rafi saw many child stars graduating to adult Heroes. He sang for such actors like Suresh, Anant Marathe, Jagdeep,Vinod Mehra, Sachin, Mahesh kumar, Sudhir Kumar etc .

Among Heroes, he sang maximum songs for Shammi Kapoor-183 songs. In the film Basant, he sang 8 songs and in Kashmir ki kali, he sang 7 songs for Shammi kapoor. Rafi sang many songs for Dev and Dilip. For a long time Mukesh and Manna Dey were considered Raj Kapoor’s voice. Rafi sang 31 songs for Raj Kapoor – 7 solos and 24 duets. When Rafi first sang in the film Deedar for Dilip Kumar, Mehboob Khan told Dilip, ” This is your voice. Hereafter sing only in this voice.” Dilip followed the advice till he was lured by Kishore’s voice later on.

As far as Music Directors are concerned, Rafi sang maximum songs for Laxmikant Pyarelal, 369-186 solos, followed by Shankar Jaikishan, 341-216 solo. Surprisingly third number is Chitragupta with 247 songs, Ravi-235, R D Burman-222, O P Nayyar-197-57 solos, Naushad- 149-81 solos and Usha Khanna-114 songs.

Mohd. Rafi respected Chitragupta very much and had always given priority to his recordings. Rafi had said that he truly enjoyed singing Chitragupta’s songs due to their melody.

Of all the singers ( including Saigal) who sang Hindi songs, I consider Rafi a complete, versatile and perfect singer. He was, additionally, a very religious, honest, simple and kind person.

Film Ghunghat-46 was a social film made by Prakash Pictures. Directed by Dr. Shanti Kumar, its music was composed by Shankar rao Vyas, the favourite MD of the prakash Pictures. The cast of the film was Nirmala, Arun Ahuja, Ramesh Sinha, Umakant, Leela Mishra and Khurshid Jr.

Khurshid Jr. – the film’s Heroine – was the eldest daughter of Master Ali Baksh, Music Director and Iqbal Begum, film artiste and one time a famous and popular stage artist of Madon, Alfred and other Drama companies in the Eastern India. The family actually belonged to Sargodha in Punjab, but Khurshid was born in Bombay on 10-4-1930. Being born in a filmi family, the atmosphere was very conducive for Khurshid to join films.

After getting school education upto 12 years of age, she entered films. Her first film was Zameen-43 as a side Heroine. Then came Minerva’s Dr. Kumar-44 and Naghma E Sehra-45 – in which she was the Heroine of Master Vithal. Due to her good acting skill, there was no shortage of film offers. She had to add Jr. to her name , as there was a more famous actress singer Khurshid Bano, already in the film line, in the same period.

Khurshid’s younger sisters Baby Meena (later Meena Kumari) and Baby Madhuri Later actress Madhu- Mehmood’s wife) were also working in films. Khurshid Jr. married her handsome co-star Altaf. who did few films as a Hero but then shifted to side roles soon. After Partition, the couple considered shifting to Pakistan, but decided to stay here as both of her sisters were here and doing better.

As long as Meena Kumari was alive, they were comfortable, but after her demise, they became helpless and went down financially. They had to live in smaller tenement and roles also dwindled. Khurshid Jr. acted in 65 films. Her last film was Oh Bewafa-80. Altaf acted in just 21 films from Sipahi-41 to Pakiza-71. Even Khurshid had also acted in it.

Here is a duet of Nirmala and Mohd. Rafi from this film. Enjoy.


Song-Bhool jaa apne geet puraane naye taraane gaaye jaa (Ghoonghat)(1946) Singers-Nirmala Devi, Rafi, Lyrics-Ramesh Gupta, MD-Shankar Rao Vyas
Both
Both + Chorus

Lyrics

Laa
lalalalaalalalalaa
lalalalalaa

haan gaaye ja gaaye ja gaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja
door gaye vipda ke baadal
sukh ka sooraj aaya
sukh ka sooraj aaya
nayi umangen nayi tarangen
nayi raushni laaya
nayi raushni laaya
tu bhi apne armaanon ki dunia nayi basaaye ja
basaaye ja basaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja

chali hawa lahraati gaati
mahak uthi phulwaari
mahak uthi phulwaari
chali hawa lahraati gaati
mahak uthi phulwaari
mahak uthi phulwaari
jhoom rahi hai aaj meri aasha ki daari daari
jhoom rahi hai aaj meri aasha ki daari daari
naach naach mere man mor
naach naach mere man mor
?? milaaye ja milaaye ja milaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja

laa
lalallalalalala
laalllaa
lalalala

gaaye ja gaaye ja gaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye jaa
door gaye vipda ke baadal
sukh ka sooraj aaya
sukh ka sooraj aaya

nayi umangen nayi tarange nayi roshni laaya
nayi roshni laaya

tu bhi apne armaanon ki
dunia nayi basaaye ja basaaye ja basaaye ja
gaaye jaa
gaaye jaa
gaaye jaa
gaaye jaa
gaaye jaa
gaaye jaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4302 Post No. : 15566

Today’s song is from film Ram Vivah-49. This is a duet song by Manna Dey and Geeta Roy. This is the first ever duet of these singers, in their career.

Geeta, who debuted via a chorus song in 1946, won some fame with her songs in film Do Bhai-47, with music by S D Burman. However till about 1950 or so, she was still struggling to make a place in the film line. She had to compete with singers like Lata and Asha as well as Shamshad, Amirbai and Zohrabai too. Manna Dey was an occasional singer, struggling very hard to get established as either a singer or a Music Director. Good sense prevailed and he realised that singing was his forte and he concentrated on it,later. He is one of my favourite singers, who had all the merit and talent, but not a strong Luck ! He became a preferred singer for composers, whenever a Bhajan, religious song or a high pitched song was to be sung.

Film Ram Vivah-49 was was produced by Prem Adib Productions and it was the only film directed by him ever. This film came after the eminently flop film Raambaan-48, made by Prakash pictures. Actually, it was Prakash pictures who had earlier made two very successful film on Ramayan stories, namely Bharat Bhet-42 and Ramrajya-43. Enthused with the success of these two films, Prakash decided to complete Triology with one more film on Ram and Seeta. They waited for 5 years and then made Raambaan-48. The glaring mistake they made was in the film story. The first two films were largely true to the original Valmiki Ramayan. While making Raambaan, they employed their story department authors-Mohan lal Dave and Pt.Girish. They messed up with the story and made it into a poor and distorted version of Ramkatha. This caused the failure of film Raambaan-48.

Learning a lesson from this, Prem Adib stuck to the original Valmiki Ramayan. In fact the Credits show Valmiki’s name for ‘ Story ‘. Additionally, the cast consisted of almost same team with Prem Adib, Shobhana Samarth, Jeevan, Umakant, Shanta Kumari and others. Music director was Shankar rao Vyas and Lyricist was Moti, B.A. (actually he was an M.A.).

The lead pair of Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth had become extremely popular all over the country as Ram and Seeta, after their two films Bharat Milap and Ram Rajya. These two actors came together first time in film Industrial India-1938. After this they worked in 11 more films plus one more film Ramayan-54, which was concocted by joining parts of 3 films made by Prakash Pictures on Ram and Seeta. After film Rambaan-48, Prakash films focused on social and musical films and made memorable films like Baiju Bawra-52 and Gunj Uthi Shehnai-59.

The stories of Rama and offshoots of Ramayana have always inspired film makers. Mahabharat too did the same. In Hindi language alone, films on Rama stories are around 25 ( not counting obvious other films like Ram aur Shyam, Ram Lakhan or Ram Balram etc.). Practically, in every Indian language and dialects, Nepalese and Sinhalese Ram films are made. However, the kind of fame,popularity and the Box office returns, Film Ram Rajya-43 earned is beyond imagination. Calendars from 1944 to 1950 featured Shobhana and Prem as Ram and Seeta. Wherever these stars went they were mobbed and people used to touch their feet, as Ram and Seeta.

Ramayan and Mahabharata are the two major Religious Epics for Indians. Ramayana has been popular and wide spread all over the Eastern World. There are in all 300 versions of Ramayana. These include the original Valmiki Ramayan and few other major Indian language Versions like Kamban’s Ramavataram in Tamil and Rangnathan’s Ramayana in Telugu. Then there is Ramayan Manjiri in NE and Bengal version. There is a Jain version too.Besides Ramayana in every Indian language and many dialects with scripts, there are Ramayana Versions in Burma, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Phillipines, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thialand, Malaysia, Japan, Mongolia, Vietnam and China. All these versions total upto 300 in number.

Actor Umakant played the role of Laxman even in this film. In all he played this role in 7 films. Similarly, actor Jeevan, who first time played the role of Narad in Bharat Milap-42, played Narad in almost 100 films in his career ( it was like Jagdish Raj playing role of Police Inspector or Iftekhar playing Police Commissioner or Murad playing a court Judge in Hindi films).

In my last post (on film Bharat Milap-42), I had mentioned about difficulty in getting information on practically unknown actors.This is a major problem for people ,like me, who are students of vintage films and its people. Another big problem is “same name confusion”, caused by artistes having similar sounding names . In early cinema era as we all know, most artistes came form lower strata of society as members of respectable families were not ready to join this ‘ lowly’ film line. This applied mostly for women folk. Among these families of Tawayafs and singers, there were limited names recycled. Some examples are Noorjehan, Khursheed, Zubeida, Shehzadi, Naseem etc etc. This caused problems and confusions. This problems was also among Male artistes at a lesser rate. Names like Asit Sen, N Datta, Rajkumar, Shyam etc are some examples. It was not restricted to Muslim artistes only. There are examples like Nalini, Leela, Ranjana, Rajkumari etc . I would say the ratio was 60:40 for females and Males.

At one given time, there were as many as 8 to 10 Nalinis working in films. Similarly there were several Shantas in films. Few examples are Shanta Apte, Shanta Hublikar, Shanta Mujumdar, Shanta kumari (stuntwali), Shanta kumari (Socialwali),Shanta Patel etc. Luckily, there was no Same name confusion, as these Shantas were using their surnames. Shanta Mujumdar acted only in Prabhat bilingual films. She later married writer Pt. Mukhram Sharma. Shanta kumari and Shanta Patel were stunt actresses. Socialwali Shanta kumari stopped working in 1936…before stuntwali came in. Socialwali married and became Shanta Kothari and worked in 3 films with this name.

Today, we will know more about Shanta Kothari (nee Shanta kumari), who acted as Kaushalya in 3 films after marriage. She is one of those artistes about whom information had to be culled from multiple sources, with great efforts. She was born in 1904 in a large family. Her father Motilal was Principal of a college, but mother was a Tawayef. She studied in English medium. After father’s death, her mother started teaching her dancing and singing. Soon she was singing for customers.

She was very beautiful looking. She entered film line at the age of 16 years, i.e. in 1920. She acted in Silent films made by various companies like Sharada, Great Eastern,Ranjit, kohinoor, Shri krishna film co and krishnatone etc.Some of her silent films were, Kala pahad-27, with master Vithal, Bhai ya kasai-28,Pilgrims of Love-29, Kumud Kumari-29, Prince Charming-30 with E.Billimoria and Castles in the air-30. Other films were Loves of Mughal Prince, Drums of Love, Pyari Jogan, Pardesi Sainya, Prem yatra, Rasili Radha, Maujeli Mashuqa, Shaikh Chilli etc etc. In 1930 she went to Calcutta and worked in film Shrikant also.

Due to her good looks, dancing and singing skills,she effortlessly entered Talkie film era. Her first talkie was krishn Cinetone’s Heer Ranjha-31. It was followed by Chintamani-31,Krishnavatar-32, Lanka Dahan-33, Hatim Tai-1-33, Simhasan-34, Sant Tulsidas-34, Kashmeera-34, Aaj kal-34, Bal hatya and Prem yatri-36. She sang on A.I.R. Bombay frequently. In film Sant Tulsidas, she sang equally with a stalwart like G.N.Joshi, with ease. She sang 21 songs in 8 films in her career.

She took a break from films and she got married to Sound Recordist Kothari. She became Shanta Shantaram Kothari after marriage.In 1941, when film Bharat Milap was being planned, Prakash Pictures requested and she worked in that film as well as Ramrajya-43 in the role of Kaushalya. After 5 years when Prem Adib requested, she again worked in film Ram Vivah-49. However, she stopped films after that.

I could not get further information about her after this period, but we have all information about her film career. (For information used here, I thank Isuru Udayanga Kariyavasam, V.S.Nigam’s article on http://www.medium.com, books- Beete kal ke sitare-S.Tamrakar, Early Hindustani talkies-P.Kamalakar, muVyz.com, CITWF, HFGK and my notes)

The Music Director of film Ram Vivah-49 was Shankar Rao Vyas. After the success of films ‘ Narsi Bhagat-40’ and ‘ Bharata Milap-42’, Vyas rode on the Pinnacle of his career with the popularity of Ramrajya songs. Vyas was a very hard working person. Once while recording songs of film ‘ Vikramaditya’-45, he needed Echo effect in the song ‘ Om Jai Jai Shankar’. In those days, the recording studios were not equipped with such facilities. Vyas searched and found out a Temple having a big Dome in the obscure suburb Jogeshwari in Bombay and recorded this song in that Temple at 2 am in the midnight when it was very quiet !

Ramrajya-43 was the most successful musical film of that era. When Prakash Pictures planned to produce Ramrajya again in 1967, the MD was Vasant Desai. Before recording film’s first song Desai garlanded the photo of Shankar Rao Vyas and then only started the work, seeking his Blessings. Ramrajya had also the distinction of being the only film in the world which Mahatma Gandhi saw in his life. It is said that he was pleased with its songs very much.

Prof. Shankarrao Vyas (1898-1956) was born in Kolhapur on 23-1-1898. His father Ganeshpant was a well known Keertankar and Puranik! So, he was brought up in the religious and musical environment. Unfortunately, Ganeshpant died when Shankar was seven years old. His paternal uncle brought him up for few years. His maternal uncle (Mama) noticed his inclination towards music and enrolled him in the ‘gurukul’ of Maharaj (Pandit) Vishnu Digambar Paluskar.

In those days, students had to sign a bond with the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. Training period would last 8-10 years and the student would become all-rounder in every field related to music. Thus, Shankar Rao spent nine years in this gurukul, earned ‘Sangeet Pravin’ degree and gold medal for overall development. With the suggestion of guruji, he worked in Lahore vidyalaya for few years.
In 1931, he moved to Ahmadabad for establishing branch of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. He was an expert not only in vocal music, but could play and repair many instruments including sitar, jaltarang and mendolin. He would conduct orchestra consisting of Indian and western instruments. He was also a very good composer and wrote several bandishes. He was the key person in planning music section of national (Rashtriya) schools: an idea originated by Gandhiji in Ahmadabad.

In 1935, he left Ahmadabad and settled in Bombay. He founded school for music education at Dadar, just outside the western railway station. ‘Vyas Sangeet Vidyalaya’. It is still functioning at this place. His brother Narayanrao Vyas and brother in law Vasantrao Rajopadhye also joined him in this noble cause. Around 1930/31, HMV Company invited both Vyas brothers for recordings and they cut over 200 songs (100 discs) until about 1938. He also cut few orchestral records under ‘Vyas Brothers’ banner playing pure classical ragas. These records were best sellers and company had printed their photographs on record catalogues.

This period was also the beginning of talkie films. Shankar Rao composed music for Hindi (35), Marathi (5), and Gujrathi (3) films from 1937-1955. His first film as a composer was ‘ His Highness’ -37 and the last was ‘ Baal Ramayan’ -released in 56. He also composed background music for fifteen films. Most of his films were based on religious or mythological themes. He also taught music to non-singing actors such as Sardar Akhtar and Shirin Bano. His most famous musical films were – Narsi Bhagat (1940), Bharat Bhet (1941), Ram Rajya (1943, in Hindi and Marathi). Saraswati Rane sung ‘Beena madhur madhur kachu bol’ in raga Bhimpalas in Hindi film ‘Ram Rajya’ and this song became popular throughout India. This was the only film that Gandhji watched in cinema hall and was much impressed with the music. Songs from Marathi version of ‘Ram Rajya’ viz. ‘Sujanho parisa ramkatha’ and ‘Ladkya raanila lagale dohale’ are shown on TV even today.

He was very busy in many fields as a composer, Principal of his music school, author of articles and bandishes, President of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and founder editor of ‘Sangeet Kala Vihar’ magazine (founded in 1947) of Vidyalaya that is published even today. He passed away at Ahmadabad on 17-12- 1956. He has sung couple of abhangs of Saint Tukaram. These are available on HMV records. Record P 13454 published in 1931 has a sweet abhang – ‘Roopi guntale lochan, charani sthiravale mana’.

Today’s song indicates that Shankarrao Vyas tried hard to be with the changing tastes of his audience. The song has a faster tune and music.


Song-Dhanya Dhanya hai Avadhpuri (Raam Vivaah)(1949) Singers-Geeta Dutt, Manna Dey, Lyricist- Moti B A, MD- Shankarrao Vyas
Both

Lyrics

Dhanya dhanya hai avadhpuri
Dhanya wahaan ki phulwaari
Jahaan Raam ne janam liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari ee
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Avadhpuri ke uttar dish
Saryu ki dhaara behti hai
Raaja Dashrath raaj karen aur
Praja chain se rehti hai ae
Praja chain se rehti hai

Ann dhan se bharpoor Ayodhya
Teen lok se hai nyaari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Chham chham karti chali kaamini
Hai solah singaar kiye
Aankhon mein sansaar liye
Haathon mein sundar haar liye
Satvanti hain sabhi naariyaan
Sat par apne balihaari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Raam Lakhan aur Bharat
Shatrughan
Chaar ratn hain raaja ke
Jinmein sabse bade raam hain
Pran piyaare parja ke ae
Pran piyaare parja ke
Raam liye dhanu-baan raakshason ke
Marne ki hai baari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari ee
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4299 Post No. : 15558

Today’s song is from film Bharat Milap-1942. It is sung by G M Durani and the music is by Shankar Rao Vyas, for lyrics written by Pt.Indra.

Few years back, I remember, Dr. Surjit Singh ji had published a list of 7000 names of actors, who had acted in films from the beginning till up to the year 2000. He had found this list on a site which was no more existing. I had meticulously copied that list on my Laptop, in the year 2010. Since then, I have changed my Laptop 3 times and now I do not find this list with me anymore. God knows when it got deleted or was left out uncopied, sometime.

Of course, that is not the point at all. I wonder how so many people joined an industry which did not provide any security, nor did it assure continuous earnings. Leave aside the stigma of working in” films” in olden times, but this industry neither had permanent jobs nor a fixed income. Take a look at any film-Silent or Talkie-only a handful people were credited. Later in the Talkie films, this list became larger. One can see this in any volume of HFGK of 30s or 40s. But then, if you exclude the names which got repeated in films, the total list of actors may not cross 2-3 thousand,perhaps.

Barring the main and known actors, most other actors are not even identifiable for the general public. Names without faces! Such actors constitute the bulk of numbers in the industry. If you take a look at the cast of a film, more than half of names are unknown or known by only repeat value in many films. These names have no faces. Information about them is not available in any books. They remain only names, replaced by other names after few years. The extras or junior artistes who are seen on screens in many scenes, throughout the film are also members of the industry.

There are some groups on Fb, who have experts among them. These people keep on identifying obscure faces on screen scenes and name them. One glaring crusader in these specialists is M N SARDANA ji, who writes short notes about almost unknown actors seen on the screen as judges,lawyers, police inspectors, beggars, villain cronies and people in such insignificant roles. Hats off to him and people like SANDEEP PAHAWA ji, whose comments are lapped up by readers. I may be one of the dedicated readers of their notes and comments on Fb.

Like any other language, there are writers and authors in Marathi too, who write on old films and old actors etc from the vintage Hindi films. One such author calls himself ” Babu Moshoi “. His articles are published regularly in newspapers, magazines etc. He has written several books. His real name is Hemant Desai. Another such writer in Hindi and Gujarati is Vithal Pandya. I have many such books in my library. Through these books I get to know old actors and their information, sometimes. I get surprised at many names as I read about some names about whom I had never known. For example, do you know who did King Dashrath’s role in films Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43, or the role of Kanva Muni in film Shakuntala-43 ? Who was the actress in Kaushalya’s role in Ramrajya-43 or Ram Vivah-49 ?

This actor was I.T.Nimbalkar and this actress was Shanta Kothari (nee Shanta Kumari). These were artistes from Silent film era, spilled over the Talkie films. They started as Hero and Heroine, but shifted to character roles, as the time went by. In our film industry, such cases are not new. In fact such type of actors who remained practically unknown to later generations of audiences, were highly respected by film people during shootings. Their seniority and work was respected.

This is a very good practice in the industry, by directors and other actors to give respect to old timers. Raj Kapoor used to send his car to fetch Bhudo Advani for shootings of film Boot Polish scenes. Hrishikesh Mukherjee kept special chair for Master Shiraz, during the shooting of film Guddi. He also ensured to feature Shiraz in the film credits. These are only samples to stress what I have said. Not every such matter is published but it is a special feature of the industry.

I try to gather information on such unknown and forgotten artistes and write on them. Not everytime I am successful, but I have written about many such actors, directors, MDs etc. Some of them are Omkar Devaskar, Zunzar rao pawar, Ganapat rao Bakare, Shankar rao Vazare, Naseem Junior, Shamim Jr, Altaf, Urmila, Ranjana, kusum Deshpande, Vasant rao Thengadi, Jamshed ji etc etc. Today, we will know more about one such old time actor who was prolific and worked in films of Bombay and Calcutta.

I.T.Nimbalkar aka Indurao T. Nimbalkar ( he was always credited as only ‘ Nimbalkar ‘ in all films) was born on 6-12-1893, in Kolhapur state. This was the time Kolhapur was slowly developing as Kalapur (hub of arts) and the seeds of film making were being planted there. Baburao Painter, one of the original film makers had started his ” Maharashtra Film Company” on 1-12 1917.

Baburao, Damle, Fattelal etc were taught painting By Anandrao painter, who was an extraordinary painter of those times. All these people, along with V Shantaram, Keshavrao Dhaiber and few more also joined Baburao painter’s Maharashtra Film company. True that, film making had started even earlier in Maharashtra, but Baburao painter is credited with making films a form of art and spreading it on a larger canvas of India.

Indurao Nimbalkar grew up in this atmosphere in Kolhapur. He passed his Matriculation exam and also did a diploma in Printing. Nimbalkar was six feet tall and had a good physique. He was expert in riding, swimming and wrestling. He did 1000 sit-ups every day. Shahu maharaj, the king of Kolhapur encouraged all arts as well as development of lower castes. Arya Samaj had a ‘ Gurukul’ in Kolhapur. Impressed with Nimbalkar’s education and body, Shahu ji appointed him as Editor of the weekly ‘ Arya’ and secretary of Gurukul.

One day Baburao Painter, along with assistant V Shantaram visited his press and offered Nimbalkar a role in his proposed film Sairandhri. Shahu maharaj also permitted and encouraged him ,so Nimbalkar joined the film line. He was already famous due to his fiery editorials and now people came to see his shootings too. However, due to money shortage, the film did not complete. ( It was later made in 1919, but with different cast. V Shantaram made coloured Sairandhri in 1933 with Nimbalkar again).

Nimbalkar acted in many silent films like Baji Deshpande, Khazanchi (directed by Moti gidwani- England returned), Lanka, Kismet (directed by Baburao Patel) etc etc. After the closure of Maharashtra F. Co., Nimbalkar was invited by V Shantaram to do Vishvamitra’s role in its first Talkie film ” Ayodhya ka Raja” -1932, in Hindi and Marathi. After this, he did Jalti Nishani-32, Sairandhri-33, Maya Machhindra, Sinhagadh etc.

After this, Nimbalkar went to Calcutta on invitation and worked in films made by Radha Films, Laxmi Studios, Devdatta films and New Theatres. From 1934 to 1938, he acted in 12 Hindi films. He was provided a Bungalow, car with driver, servants etc. His son studied in local school there. Returning to Bombay he worked as an assistant director to Keshavrao Dhaiber for film ‘Nandkumar’, made by his Jayashree Films. Next 2 years he shuttled between Calcutta and Bombay. He did King Dashrath’s role in Prakash films’ Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43 in this period.

He was invited by V Shantaram for acting in his first film under banner of Rajkamal- Shakuntala-43. Nimbalkar did the role of Kanva Muni in it. He later also acted in Jeevan yatra, Subah ka tara, Parchhain, Teen batti char rasta, Toofan aur Diya, Z Z Payal baje. Earlier he did Aapki sewa mein, prarthana,Nal Damayanti, Seedha Rasta, Gokul, Apna Ghar, Maharathi karna, Seeta Swayamvar. He worked in pyasa, Mera Naam Joker, Amar prem etc etc. From 1928 to 1970 he acted in over 250 films.

His wife Sushila was also educated and looked after his home and children. She never visited any sets in her life time. Nimbalkar died on 17-1-1973 at Kolhapur. (Thanks to an article in book Chandraat-चांदरात by Babu moshoi)

Film Bharat Milap-42 was directed by Vijay Bhatt (12-5-1907 to 17-10-1993). The film was made under their own banner Prakash Films. Prakash Studios was built in 1934 at Andheri. The first film to be made there was ‘Actress’ (Bambai ki Mohini), written and produced by Vijay Bhatt. The famed torch of Prakash Pictures continued to shine over decades and in all, 64 films were produced in various genres, in black and white as well as colour.

Vijay Bhatt played an important role in the careers of some major stars. He was the person who gave Mehzabeen (Meena Kumari),the name Baby Meena.

He also gave her the first major heroine’s role in Baiju Bawra-52.Till then she did roles in B and C grade films. O K Dar Kashmiri was given the name ” JEEWAN “, when he did Narad’s role in Bharat Milap. Later he did Narad’s role in over 100 films. Suraiyya got her big singing role in Station Master-42. Manoj Kumar was made hero in Himalaya ki God mein-65.

Today’s song is from film Bharat Milap-42. This was a Bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi(as Bharat-Bhet). Main characters were Prem Adeeb as Ram, Shobhana Samarth as Seeta and Shahu Modak as Bharat. Durga khote was Kaikeyi, Vimla Vashishta was Manthara and Nimbalkar as King Dashrath.

The story of Bharat Milap is too well known and it is to the credit of Bhatt brothers that they kept the story line true to original,supported by several books and curators as well as scholars. This was the first major mythological film of Prakash and they did not spare efforts or money to raise spectacular sets, costumes and war scenes ( when Bharat is attacked by Nishad raja’s army).

It was a delight to see this film. There were no scenes of Miracles. I saw this film in its second run, sometime in the end of 40s, but the memories are still fresh. In fact this film became a benchmark for all subsequent mythological films, in my mind. Shahu Modak, who was Bharat in this film, was popular as Krishna in such films.

Editor’s note:-This song is the 200th song of Pt Indra chandra as a lyricist in the blog.


Song-Raam chale Raam chale ban chale Raam Raghuveer (Bharat Milaap)(1942) Singer-G M Durrani, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics

Ram Chale
Ram Chale ae ae ae ae ae
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
kahaan Janaki Janak dulaari
kahaan Janaki Janak dulaari
kahaan laadla Lakshman re
kahaan laadla Lakshman re
jhoole thhe jo phool hindole
jhoole thhe jo phool hindole
aaj chale kantak ban re
aaj chale kantak ban re

ho gayi sooni
aaj Ayodhya aa aa
soona Saryu teer
soona aa aa Saryu teer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer

roko o o
koi roko o
rathh roko hey purwaasi
jaate hai punya pravaasi
hote hain kyun banwaasi
hote hain kyun banwaasi

gayi khushi ee ee
aur rahi udaasi

Ram ka rathh kya chalta hai
sab ko ye chakr kuchalta hai
Shree Ram ka rathh kya chalta hai
sab ko ye chakr kuchalta hai
Raghukul ka bhaagya badalta hai
Raghukul ka bhaagya badalta hai
ugta sa suraj dhhalta hai
ugta sa suraj dhhalta hai ae ae
praan chale hain sang Raam ke ae
soona pada shareer
soona pada aa aa shareer

——————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

राम चले
राम चले ए ए ए ए
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
कहाँ जानकी जनक दुलारी
कहाँ जानकी जनक दुलारी
कहाँ लाडला लक्ष्मण रे
कहाँ लाडला लक्ष्मण रे
झूले थे जो फूल हिंडोले
झूले थे जो फूल हिंडोले
आज चले कंटक बन रे
आज चले कंटक बन रे

हो गई सूनी
आज अयोध्या॰॰आ॰॰आ
सूना सरयू तीर
सूना॰॰आ॰॰आ सरयू तीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर

रोको ओ ओ
कोई रोको ओ
रथ रोको हे पुरवासी
जाते हैं पुण्य प्रवासी
होते हैं क्यों बनवासी’
होते हैं क्यों बनवासी’

गई खुशी॰॰ई॰॰ई
और रही उदासी

राम का रथ क्या चलता है
सबको ये चक्र कुचलता है
श्री राम का रथ क्या चलता है
सबको ये चक्र कुचलता है
रघुकुल का भाग्य बदलता है
रघुकुल का भाग्य बदलता है
उगता सा सूरज ढलता है
प्राण चले हैं संग राम के
सूना पड़ा शरीर
सूना पड़ा॰॰आ॰॰आ शरीर


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4176 Post No. : 15352

Mohammed Rafi : The Incomparable (II) – Song No. 14
———————————————————

Remembering Mohammed Rafi Sahab on his 95th birth anniversary :

Someone once told me that to become cynical you first had to be an idealist and it was the loss of those ideals that created the disillusionment. But than what is an idealist if not an individual with independent thinking and with the added ability to incorporate diverse ideas. And cynicism is bound to be an integral part of any ideological theory if it seeks to negate the perceived or real concepts of injustice against humanity. Critical analysis of any ideological concepts will possibly make the ideologist a cynic if the said ideology is not perfect enough or as perfect as the ideologist wanted it to be. Cynical person is often very critical of things and situations and their repercussions. While as an idealist, will find a lot to express about the idea rather than focusing on criticism of anything else. That makes cynicism the anti-thesis of idealism. On the other hand, idealism if it seeks to unilaterally implement a social order in a given society is regressive to its intellectual and overall progress as a civilization, since it seeks no introspection and encourages narrow thoughts. Whereas a cynic will look at all things surrounding it and might even be able to look beyond it.

It looks like I want to have my cake and eat it too. Isn’t it ?

Of course, in the complex scheme of nature, nothing is as simple as the above monologue. Things are almost always multi-layered and multi-hued. There is also the matter of view-points, one can put in a blob of prejudices and rigidity. But overall there is also a certain accounting for taste.

I am remembering a word of Urdu which is “zarf”. This word is almost always pre-fixed with “aa’laa” and it becomes “Aa’la Zarf”. Urdu is the language of ‘adab’ i.e. respectfulness and ‘adaab’ i.e. principles. Any student or seeker of these two qualities will end up with the ‘zarf’, which is better taste, with or without the prefix.

It can be as domestic as the idealism of my brother against the cynicism/pragmatism/practicality of my own.

And what does one call people who do not expect anything from anyone? Not loyalty, not goodness of heart, nothing. And these are often the neediest, in terms of attention and togetherness.

This was certainly Rafi sahab. This type of personalities which who have refused to claim any material benefits, were without ambitions or nor made demands on anyone. It must have been so easy to convince him that he has sung so many songs that he can approach the “Guinness book of world record” for singing highest number of songs.

The other day I saw a video on youtube, where the presenter is trying to analyse, what made Mohammed Rafi such an exceptional person. He says this about Rafi Sahab : “ Unhen pata hi nahi thha ke duniya mein sharafat ke ilaawa bhi koyi cheez hai ”. “Sharafat” is too simple a word in my understanding which just is a way of life that includes simplicity, honesty and integrity. But when I googled it, I found nobility, civility, good manners. So my own definition is more integral and personal than google’s definition. To be “Shareef” on personal level is one thing, but to believe that there is no other thing in the world apart from “Sharafat” is another thing altogether. We see quotable quote which say similar things like to think and believe the best about others also. These type of exhortations are common is all social, religious set ups across the board.

To be on that plane where you see the best in others and believe the best about others, discarding all negative notions about anything and anybody, what a blissful state that must be. Rafi Sahab had this inherent quality without trying to achieve it. Truly blessed by the Almighty. Where is the ‘Zarf” in all this ? ‘zarf’ cannot be left behind, because it is also high ideals and values. By all accounts Rafi Sahab never let go of his ‘zarf’, without ever realising those high ideals/values were chronicled widely in literature and philosophies. I hope that he was always giving thanks to the Almighty for these known and unknown blessings. It is a fact that we the ignorant humans are unable to know in what all ways the Almighty has blessed us all.

I am presenting a solo song by Rafi song from the film ‘Mera Geet’ (1946). The composer is Shankar Rao Vyas and Ramesh Gupta is the lyricist. My favourite period for Rafi Sahabs songs in actually 1950’s. It is picturised on Susheel Kumar as per the excel sheet. I am aware that huge no of Rafi songs from 50’s are yet to be posted in the blog. There are a few songs from 40’s also are available for posting. For the last few months I was trying to do the series of ‘Dheere dheere” songs and some other newer songs of post-Rafi era.

Hopefully, the new year we will see more songs by Rafi Sahab in the blog,

The audio link available is reasonably clean and clear, unlike most songs of this period.


Song-Aapas ke jhagdon ne dekho Bharat ko barbaad kiya(Mera Geet)(1946) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Ramesh Gupta, MD-Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics

aapas ke jhagdon ne dekho
bharat ko barbaad kiya
jinka thha mohtaaj zamaana
aaj unhen mohtaaj kiya
aapas mein ham rahen jhagadte
gairon ne aa raaj kiya
jinka thha mohtaaj zamaana
aaj unhen mohtaaj kiya

kabhi mere iss bharaat mein bhi jee
doodh ki nadiyan behti thhi
thhi doodh ki nadiyaan behti thheen
dhan dhaan ke thhe kothhaar bhare
aanand mein duniya rehti thhi
dhan dhaan ke thhe kothhaar bhare
aanand mein duniya rehti thhi
thha kuber ka bhandaar yahaan
heeron ki hoti kheti thhi
mitti ka sonaa bantaa thha
anmol yahaan ki reti thhi
mitti ka sonaa bantaa thha
anmol yahaan ki reti thhi
aaj ussi gulshan ko dekho
kusum(?) ? ? ka raaj kiya
jinka thha mohtaaj zamaana
aaj unhen mohtaaj kiya

kabhi mere gulshan ki daaliyaan
hari bhari lehraati thhin
haan hari bhari lehraati thhin
jhoom jhoom ke sundar kaliyaan
geet suhaane gaati thheen
jhoom jhoom ke sundar kaliyaan
geet suhaane gaati thheen
thhaa saraswati ka vaas yahaan
daulat insaan ki daasi thi
thhey roz naye tyohaar yahaan
har roz deewaali aati thhi
thhey roz naye tyohaar yahaan
har roz deewaali aati thhi
sur mein thhe sab saaz mere
ye kis ne besur aaj kiya
jinka thha mohtaaj zamaana
aaj unhen mohtaaj kiya

naye taraane sunte sunte
bhool gaye ham apnaa taal
gairon ke sang chalte chalte
bhool gaye ham apni chaal
aish mauj fashion mein phans kar
aaj huaa bhaarat kangaal
aaj huaa bhaarat kangaal
roti roti khade pukaaren
bhaarat maa ke laakhon laal
roti roti khade pukaaren
bhaarat maa ke laakhon laal
roti eee
roti eee
roti eeee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4133 Post No. : 15292 Movie Count :

4212

Today’s song is from a bilingual ( Hindi/Gujarati) film Krishna Bhakta Bodana-44. I was not aware of who Bodana was. I was knowing about films Krishna Bhakta Sudama-80, as well as films Krishna-Sudama-1933, 1947, 1957, and 1979, but Bodana was an unfamiliar name to me. I came to know about this film first time in 2014, but I just ignored it.

Recently, when one of my friends from another country sent me a rare song from this film, I got curious about it and started searching for information about the film, about Bodana and the making of this film.

During my last 6 years of writing on old films and music, I was fortunate to discover some rare “Pearls”, like singer Abhram Bhagat or singer Tamancha Jaan from Lahore’s Heera Mandi. I had heard the bhajans of Abhram Bhagat when I was about 9-10 year old, when my father brought home a record of his Bhajan – “Haath chakra trishul Sadashiv, alakh jagaate hain nagari mein”. This Bhajan became a favourite in our family and we had that record for many years.

In the year 2012 – after over 60 years – I bumped into this song on You Tube, but before I could download it, the song disappeared, only to reappear in 2013. This time, I noted that it was uploaded by a music lover from Australia. Anyway, I got that song, collected information about Abhram Bhagat and wrote a detailed article on him, which was posted here on 20th April 2013.

The other name Tamancha Jaan, was first noticed by me when I read a book by Pran Neville, on his memoires of Lahore, namely “Lahore – A sentimental journey”. By coincidence, her name popped up again in another book by Anupama Dutt also. This aroused my interest and I collected information oh her. Based on it, I wrote an article on Tamancha Jaan of Lahore, which was posted here on 21-6-2014.

The third singer I discovered was Master Vasant Amrit of Surat – a revolutionary poet singer , when I read a book “Aap ki Parchhainyan” written by five times winner of state Academy Awards of Gujarat- Shri Rajnikumar Pandya ji of Ahmedabad. I wrote a detailed article on the singer, which was posted here on 20-7-2014. The book had mentioned that Master Vasant Amrit had acted in only one Hindi film – Krishna Bhakta Bodana-44. Now, when I received the rare song of this film, from my friend, I remembered this reference and felt very glad.

Film KBB (Krishna Bhakta Bodana-44) was a Wadia movietone film, directed by JBH Wadia. Wadia brothers were actually famous for making Stunt/Action, Fantasy and Costume drama films. JBH Wadia, who was the elder of the two, judged that Genres of such films had a short life, whereas the Genres of Social films had a longer life. So, he proposed that Wadia Movietone start making Social films, rather than making only stunt films hereafter. The younger brother Homi Wadia, had opposite opinions. He insisted on continuing with stunt films.

On this issue, the brothers separated and Homi Wadia started his own “Basant Pictures”, in 1942. All the action film artistes, including their Heroine Fearless Nadia joined Homi Wadia and he blissfully continued making stunt films with Nadia. JBH Wadia, true to his belief, made social films. Film KBB was also one of such films advocated by JBH Wadia. It was based on a folk tale of Gujarat, about a staunch devotee of Krishna – Vijayanand Bodana, who is credited as one responsible for establishing the Ranchhod Rai temple at Dakore in Kheda district (about 30 kms away from Anand-the seat of AMUL).

The film was made in Gujarati and Hindi. For the main lead role, Master Vasant Amrit of Surat was chosen, because he had become a legendary revolutionary poet singer , in those years, in Gujarat. For detailed information on Master Vasant Amrit, please read my article on this Blog. JBH Wadia had directed the film. Pt. Indra had written all the 9 songs and the music was composed by Avinash Vyas and Shankar rao Vyas. The cast of the film consisted of Master Vasant Amrit, Rani Premlata, Meera, Badripershad, Gulab, Nayampalli etc.etc.

The female lead in this film , Rani Premlata was a well known Gujarati stage and film actress of Gujarat. She had acted only in 2 Hindi film. The first was film “Prem ki Devi”-36, made by Star Films of Calcutta. The other one was KBB-44 in Bombay. She also acted in 11 Gujarati films, starting from Janeta-47 to Raja Bhartruhari-49. No further information is available on her anywhere. The above information is given by Harish Raghuwanshi ji, whom I must thank heartily. Now, let us know who was Bodana and how the temple at Dakore got established.

The present Dakor owes its raison d’etre not to Dank Rishi but to Bodana, a great devotee of Lord Krishna. In his previous birth, he is supposed to have lived in Gokul and been a cowherd called Vijayanand. On one ‘Holy’ day, all the cowherds except Vijyanand worshipped Lord Krishna. His wife too worshipped Lord Krishna. But Vijayanand was proud and stayed at home. Lord Krishna came to his house in disguise of his friend and sent him to perform ‘Holi’ puja. Coming back, he realised that his friend was none else but Lord Krishna. Next day they fought a battle of colour. Lord Krishna lost and fell into the river. Vijyanand went after him where Lord Krishna revealed his true self. Vijyanand begged forgiveness. Lord Krishna took pity on him and solaced him with a boon that he would be born in Gujarat again in Kaliyug after 4200 years as Vijayanand Bodana in the house of a Kshatriya and his present wife Sudha would again be his wife, called Gangabai, when he will give them a glimpse (darshna) and relieve them by offering them emancipation (Moksha).

So as the legend would have it, ‘Vijayanand Bodana’, a Rajput of Dakor, becomes a staunch devotee of Lord Krishna. He used to let the basil plant (Tulsi) grow in an earthen pot with him on his palm and used to go every six months to Dwarika to worship Lord Krishna with the said Tulsi leaves. He did this continuously, unfailingly and untiringly till he was 72 years he then began to find it increasingly difficult to pursue this ritual. Seeing his plight, Lord Krishna told him that on his ensuing visit to Dwarika, he should bring a bullock-cart with him and Lord Krishna would accompany him to Dakor as he was exceedingly pleased with his devotion.

Accordingly, Bodana went with bullock-cart to Dwarika. Hindu Vaghers who were the 1st hereditary priests of Dwarika handled over the temple to gugli Brahmins due to their indulgence in fighting freedom wars against British empire. So these 2nd priest tribe of Dwarika (Gugli Brahmins) asked Bodana as to why he had brought a cart with him. Whereupon, Bodana replied that he had done so to take away Lord Krishna. Looking to the ramshackle cart, they did not believe him but nevertheless locked and sealed the sanctum sanctorum of Dwarika Temple for the night. At midnight, Lord Krishna broke open all the doors, awoke Bodana and told him to take him to Dakor. Shortly afterwards, Lord Krishna called upon Bodana to rest in the bullock-cart and drove the cart himself till they reached the vicinity of Dakor. Here (near Bileshwar Mahadev on Dakor-Nadiad road) they rested for some time, touching and holding a branch of Neem tree. He woke up Bodana and asked him to take over. Since that day, this Neem tree is found to have one sweet branch though the rest of the branches are bitter and it forms the subject of a well-known Gujarati song (bhajan).

In Dwarika, the Gugli Brahmins finding the image missing chased Bodana and came to Dakor in pursuit. Bodana was frightened but Lord Krishna told him to hide the idol of the deity in the Gomti tank and meet the Guglis. Accordingly, Bodana hid the idol and went to meet the Guglis with a pot of curd to pacify them. They became angry and one of them threw a spear at him. He fell down dead. While hurting Bodana with a spear, it also hurt the image of the deity hidden in Gomti tank and the water turned red with Lord Krishna’s (Ranchhodraiji’s) blood. It is said that even today the earth of Gomti tank where the image lay is red while rest of the tank is of brown mud.

In the midst of Gomti tank, over the place where Lord Krishna was hidden, a small temple having the Lord’s foot-prints is constructed and this temple is linked with the bank of Gomti Tank by a bridge. Even with the death of Bodana, the Guglis were not appeased. Requesting Lord Krishna to return to Dwarika, they sat on the bank of Gomti tank and went on a hunger strike.

At last, Lord Ranchhodraiji (Krishna) directed Gangabai, wife of Bodana, to give gold equivalent of his weight and ask the Guglis to return to Dwarika. Poor lady, the widow of Bodana, was a pauper and could not afford to do so. By a miracle, the idol became as light as a golden nose-ring (1, 1/4 val i.e.1/2 gram in weight) which was all that the widow of Bodana Gangabai had.

The Guglis were disappointed but the Lord mercifully directed that they would find after six months an exact replica of the idol in Savitri Vav at Dwarika. The impatient Guglis looked for the idol sometime earlier than they were told and as a result, found an idol which, though similar to the original one, was smaller, Pilgrims to Dakor still visit the places stated to have been associated with the legend viz. Where the branch of Neem tree under which Lord rested while coming to Dankpur subsequently turned sweet; where the idol was hidden in the Gomti tank; whereon the balance was set up to weigh the original idol which Bodana had enshrined. ( thanks to blessingsonthenet.com and wiki for above adapted information.)

So, here is the rare song from film Krishna Bhakta Bodana-44. It is sung by Manna Dey. Thanks to Sadanand Kamath ji for uploading this song, on my request. I do hope you will all like this song.


Song- Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba (Krishnbhakta Bodana)(1944) Singer-Manna Dey, Lyrics- Pt Indra, MD- Shankar rao Vyas
Chorus

Lyrics

Sambhal sambhal pag dharna aa baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
chala chali ke jag mein baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna
chala chali ke jag mein baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna

garv abhimaan kare kyun moorakh
garv abhimaan kare kyun moorakh
ant sabhi ko marna baaba
ant sabhi ko marna baaba
chala chali ke jag mein baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna

daata tera hisaab lega
daata tera hisaab lega
bande tu kya jawaab dega
bande tu kya jawaab dega
jhoothh kapat ka bhaar hai sar par
jhoothh kapat ka bhaar hai sar par
kaise paar utarna baaba
kaise paar utarna baaba
chala chali ke jag mein baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna

sundar kanchan kaaya teri
sundar kanchan kaaya teri
ik din hoye bhasam ki dhheri
ik din hoye bhasam ki dhheri
saadhu sant ki sewa karna
saadhu sant ki sewa karna
paap karam se darna baaba
paap karam se darna baaba
chala chali ke jag mein baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3917 Post No. : 14980 Movie Count :

4096

Today’s song is from film Poornima-38.

The film was made by Prakash Pictures- a joint venture of brothers, Shankar and Vijay Bhatt. The film was directed by Balwant Bhatt- not related to them but elder brother of another director Nanabhai Bhatt. In those days Marathi and Gujarati people were found in large numbers in the film industry. The simple reason was that Bombay was in Bombay Presidency and both Bombay(Maharashtra) and Gujarat were its part. Secondly, two two major requirements of films, namely Finance and Actors were available in abundance here. Gujarati people controlled the finance and Marathi people looked after the acting side.

However, for acting and for other branches of film making people from all over India flocked to Bombay, but money investment was done by the locals. If you see the cast of any film made in the early era, you would find names of Muslim girls in abundance. For example, just see the cast of today’s film only. It consists of Sardar Akhtar ( Sardar is a proper name and not a title), Shirin Bano, putli bai,Noorjehan, Tarabai, Nirasha etc. There was a reason for this too.

As the Talkie films started, the number of Anglo Indian Girls rapidly went down as most of them did not know Hindi nor could they sing.Only a few hard working Anglo Indian girls survived and progressed from silent to Talkie films,like Savita Devi (Iris Gasper)-who learnt Hindi/Urdu and singing,with efforts, Sulochana (Ruby Myers),Indira Devi(Effie Hippolet),Lalita Devi(Bonnie Bird),Pramila(Esher Abrahams),Seeta Devi(Renee Smith),Madhuri(Beryl Classen),Manorama(Winnie Stewart) etc. Since singing was an important requisite,the field was now open to singing girls from Kothas,Tawayafs and professional singers.Reasonably good looks and singing ability was what made them actresses. These girls,who came from Kothas and professional singer families used the suffix ” Bai” to their names to differentiate their specialty. Thus you had Jaddan bai,Amir bai,Johrabai,Rattan bai etc etc.

Many young singing girls found Cinema as a place where they could get (catch ? ) a good Husband from a better family background,earning respectability(forget religion). Many starlets married Producers,directors,Actors,Singers and Composers,left acting and settled as respectable Housewife. Some girls got Husbands from Nawabs and the Royalties,as they were patrons of Arts. Many examples from early era can be cited in this connection like Gulab bai alias kamla devi married S.Fatelal-Dir. in Prabhat Films.

Jaddanbai married a Medical student and a Jahagirdar-Uttamchand. Fatima bai(mother of Alam Ara fame Zubeida) married nawab of Sachin,Guajarat
Sultana married Yusuf laljee,Businessman and chief od Bombay Municiple corpn. Actress Sarojini(Roshan) married Nanubhai Vakil-producer/Dir (Their daughter was actress AZRA)

Actress Indurani (Ishrat)-sister of Sarojini- married Ramniklal Shah-Prod/Director
Actress Shirin bai married Nanabhai Bhatt (Their sons are Mahesh Bhatt and Mukesh Bhatt)
Actress Zubeida of Alam Ara married Raja Dhanrajgir of Hyderabad-deccan.
The other actress Zubeida (on whose life, film Zubeida was made) married Maharaja Hanwant Singh of Jodhpur etc.

This trend continued in the industry even after things changed and educated and respected family people entered the industry. Now,one could see marriages were taking place between people of film industry itself like Rattanbai and Director Hafiz,Jyoti and Durrani, Nalini Jaywant and Virendra Desai, Noorjahan-Shaukat hussain rizvi, Meenakumari, Sardar Akhtar, Snehprabha Pradhan, Anil Biswas, Lalita Deulkar etc.

In recent era instances were Waheeda Rehman, Kishore kumar, Asha Bhosle, Hemant kumar, Manik verma, Premlata, Geeta Dutt, Rishi kapoor, Rajesh khanna, Amitabh Bachhan and Abhishek Bachhan etc.

In the cast you find a name Shirin Bano. Yes, she too is one of the above listed artistes who joined films to get a suitable husband and lead a respectable and comfortable life. Shirin, Shirin Bai or Shirin Bano was from a Tawayaf mother from Lucknow. Her father was a Tamil Brahmin- Ram Seshadri Aiyar, who worked as an Accountant with Kikubhai Desai ( father of Manmohan Desai) in his Distribution department.They were 5 sisters and 1 brother. Shirin joined films at an early age. Her first film was Maharani-34 same year she worked in Vehmi duniya, Sewa sadan and Bala Joban. In 1935 her films were Shamsher e Arab, Pardesi Sainya and Bambai ki Sethani. In 36, she worked in Top ka gola, Snehlata, Passing show and Azad veer. Khwab ki duniya, His Highness and Challenge from 37, State Express and Purnima in 38, Leather face and Hero No.1 from 1939. Total 18 films only.

Her youngest sister Meher Bano also joined films with the name Purnima ( she also married a Producer Director Bhagwandas Varma). Shirin married Producer Director Nanabhai Bhatt, who already had a wife and 9 children. They had 2 sons- Mahesh Bhatt and Mukesh Bhatt.

The Heroine of this film was Sardar Akhtar. The life story of Sardar Akhtar- Heroine of this film- is very interesting. Sardar Akhtar was a Punjabi Muslim born in Lahore in 1915. Her mother was a famous singer on the infamous Hira Mandi Road of Lahore. Akhtar learned singing from her mother and also other ustads. Her younger sister Bahar Akhtar was beautiful and a good singer. These sisters were famous as Daaro and Baharo in Lahore. Bahar was hired by United Players Corpn. of Lahore , as a Heroine in their film ” Qatil Katar “. Producer A R Kardar was also its Hero. They fell in love. Bahar was under strict surveilance by her mother, but with the help of a friend, Kardar abducted her and they were married. When this news reached her mother, Akhtar and her mother made a Police complaint against kardar. Kardar and his unit members were arrested and kept in a lock up for few days for abducting a Minor girl. They were released when Bahar herself gave a statement in their favour. Kardar destroyed the negatives of his film to prevent Bahar from further acting in films.

After this episode Akhtar started working in dramas. She went to Calcutta and did a small role in film Dhoop Chaaon-35. From there she came to Bombay and joined Saroj Movietone. She did films like Eid ka chaand,Roop Basant and Naqsh e Sulemani and earned a good name. She acted in films of Minerva and Wadia-mostly stunt action films. Mehboob khan gave her a big role in film Aurat-40 and her image changed. She also did Mehboob’s film Roti, during which they got married on 25-4-1942. They did not have any issues but they adopted Saajid khan, child star of film Son of India-62. After Mehboob’s death in 1964 May, Akhtar lived alone, occasionally visiting Sajid khan, who had settled in USA.

Sardar Akhtar did 44 films. Her last film was Raahat-45. However, she did small roles in films Hulchal-71 and Bandhe Haath-74. Sardar Akhtar sang 92 songs in 27 films. Considering that she was not a regular or playback singer, her 92 songs were highly creditable. Not even 50% of her songs came on gramophone records. During one of her US visits, Sardar Akhtar died there on 2-10-1984. She was a devotee of sufi saint Ashraf khan, her co-star of many films including Roti-42.

The film had 15 songs sung by Sardar Akhtar, Shirin Bano, Ranjit and Shankar Rao Vyas himself. He was the film’s Music Director. This was his first film with Prakash Pictures. He went on working with them in many more films.

Prof. Shankarrao Vyas (1898-1956) was born in Kolhapur on 23-1-1898. His father Ganeshpant was a well known Keertankar and Puranik! So, he was brought up in the religious and musical environment. Unfortunately, Ganeshpant died when Shankar was seven years old. His paternal uncle brought him up for few years. His maternal uncle (Mama) noticed his inclination towards music and enrolled him in the ‘gurukul’ of Maharaj (Pandit) Vishnu Digambar Paluskar.

In those days, students had to sign a bond with the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. Training period would last 8-10 years and the student would become all-rounder in every field related to music. Thus, Shankar Rao spent nine years in this gurukul, earned ‘Sangeet Pravin’ degree and gold medal for overall development. With the suggestion of guruji, he worked in Lahore vidyalaya for few years.
In 1931, he moved to Ahmadabad for establishing branch of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. He was an expert not only in vocal music, but could play and repair many instruments including sitar, jaltarang and mendolin. He would conduct orchestra consisting of Indian and western instruments. He was also a very good composer and wrote several bandishes. He was the key person in planning music section of national (Rashtriya) schools: an idea originated by Gandhiji in Ahmadabad.

In 1935, he left Ahmadabad and settled in Bombay. He founded school for music education at Dadar, just outside the western railway station. ‘Vyas Sangeet Vidyalaya’. It is still functioning at this place. His brother Narayanrao Vyas and brother in law Vasantrao Rajopadhye also joined him in this noble cause. Around 1930/31, HMV Company invited both Vyas brothers for recordings and they cut over 200 songs (100 discs) until about 1938. He also cut few orchestral records under ‘Vyas Brothers’ banner playing pure classical ragas. These records were best sellers and company had printed their photographs on record catalogues.

This period was also the beginning of talkie films. Shankar Rao composed music for Hindi (35), Marathi (5), and Gujrathi (3) films from 1937-1955. His first film as a composer was ‘ His Highness’ -37 and the last was ‘ Baal Ramayan’ -released in 56. He also composed background music for fifteen films. Most of his films were based on religious or mythological themes. He also taught music to non-singing actors such as Sardar Akhtar and Shirin Bano. His most famous musical films were – Narsi Bhagat (1940), Bharat Bhet (1941), Ram Rajya (1943, in Hindi and Marathi). Saraswati Rane sung ‘Beena madhur madhur kachu bol’ in raga Bhimpalas in Hindi film ‘Ram Rajya’ and this song became popular throughout India. This was the only film that Gandhji watched in cinema hall and was much impressed with the music. Songs from Marathi version of ‘Ram Rajya’ viz. ‘Sujanho parisa ramkatha’ and ‘Ladkya raanila lagale dohale’ are shown on TV even today.

He was very busy in many fields as a composer, Principal of his music school, author of articles and bandishes, President of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and founder editor of ‘Sangeet Kala Vihar’ magazine (founded in 1947) of Vidyalaya that is published even today. He passed away at Ahmadabad on 17-12- 1956. He has sung couple of abhangs of Saint Tukaram. These are available on HMV records. Record P 13454 published in 1931 has a sweet abhang – ‘Roopi guntale lochan, charani sthiravale mana’.

Film Poornima-38 was based on the popular famous novel Purnima-in Gujarati- by writer Ramanlal Vasantlal Desai. Let us now enjoy the first song of this film here. The film makes its debut on the Blog.


Song-Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya (Poornima)(1938) Singer-Sardar Akhtar, Lyrics-Sampatlal Shrivastav Anuj, MD- Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics

Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori

saas nanadiya mori akeli
saas nanadiya mori akeli
piya milan kaise jaaoon akeli
piya milan kaise jaaoon akeli
daiyya dewarwa paas bithhaawe
daiyya dewarwa paas bithhaawe
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori

jata joot ??
pati shesh chandr ??
lalaat ??
maal gale shesh ??
parvati pati shiva har har
parvati pati shiva har har
parvati pati shiva har har

Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
saas nanadiya mori akeli
saas nanadiya mori akeli
piya milan kaise jaaun akeli
piya milan kaise jaaun akeli
daiyya dewarwa paas bithhaawe
daiyya dewarwa paas bithhaawe
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3724 Post No. : 14660 Movie Count :

4006

Today’s song is from a resoundingly flop film of its time, Rambaan-48. The film was made by Prakash Pictures of Bhatt Brothers, known for quality films of different Genres. During the early 40s, their Mythological films like Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43 were extraordinarily successful. Film Rambaan was also directed by Vijay Bhatt-as usual- and the Music Director was Shankar rao Vyas, their favourite. The film story and dialogues were by Mohanlal Dave and Pt. Girish. Lyricists were Pt. Indra, Neelkanth Tiwari and Moti,B.A.( who was actually M.A.). The cast of the film was Prem Adib, Shobhana Samarth, Umakant, Ramsingh, Chandramohan, Amirbai, Leela Mishra and many others.

The lead pair of Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth had become extremely popular all over the country as Ram and Seeta, after their two films Bharat Milap and Ram Rajya. These two actors came together for the first time in film Industrial India-1938. After this they worked in 11 more films plus one more film Ramayan-54, which was concocted by joining parts of 3 films made by Prakash Pictures on Ram and Seeta. After this film-Rambaan- Prakash films focused on social and musical films and made memorable films like Baiju Bawra-52 and Gunj Uthi Shehnai-59.

The stories of Rama and offshoots of Ramayana have always inspired film makers. Mahabharat too did the same. In Hindi language alone, films on Rama stories are around 25 ( not counting obvious other films like Ram aur Shyam, Ram Lakhan or Ram Balram etc.). Practically, in every Indian language and dialects, Nepalese and Sinhalese, Ram films are made. However, the kind of fame, popularity and the Box office returns, that the Film Ram Rajya-43 earned is beyond imagination. Calendars from 1944 to 1950 featured Shobhana and Prem as Ram and Seeta. Wherever these stars went they were mobbed and people used to touch their feet, treating them as Ram and Seeta.

Enthused with this fabulous response, Prakash were planning a third film on Ram and Seeta as a last film in the Trilogy of Ramayan Stories. They waited for a good five years and made Rambaan-48.

Ramayan and Mahabharata are the two major Religious Epics for Indians. Ramayana has been popular and widesread all over the Eastern World. There are in all 301 versions of Ramayana. These include the original Valmiki Ramayan and few other major Indian language Versions like Kamban’s Ramavataram in Tamil and Rangnathan’s Ramayana in Telugu. Then there is Ramayan Manjiri in NE and Bengal version. There is a Jain version too.Besides Ramayana in every Indian language and many dialects with scripts, there are Ramayana Versions in Burma, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Phillipines, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thialand, Malaysia, Japan, Mongolia, Vietnam and China. All these versions total upto 300 in number. Then what is the 301st version ?

301st is the version of the fertile imagination of the authors of the ” Story Departments” of Indian film companies. Even Prakash Pictures had its own department. The first two films Bharat Milap and Ram Rajya were mostly based on the original Valmiki Ramayan. For film Rambaan-48, however, the Bhatt brothers gave free hand to the story and dialogue writers, in order to include something new, for which the same audience will come to the theatres. This is where things went wrong. The novel changes and additions that Mohanlal Dave and Pt. Girish brought into the Ramayana story were ridiculous, which were rejected out right and were resented by the Indian viewers. The Cinematic liberty taken for a film is one thing and twisting and distorting an accepted historical story by the millions over centuries of generations is another thing.

I am sure, if only Valmiki was to watch this film, he would have jumped from Everest or taken a Samadhi immediately ! Let us see what happened in the film, after all.

First and foremost, Shobhana Samarth was 8 month’s pregnant during the shooting of this film ( with her third daughter Chatura ) and it showed everytime she came on the screen. Could they not wait for another 6 months ? As such she was nearing her middle age-at 33 years- and it was obvious to everyone. Secondly, Prem Adib-two years younger than Shobhana, as it is- had put on lot of fat and seeing his open body with loose muscles, almost double chin and a face without freshness was a punishment for the senses.

The blue eyed handsome Chandramohan did the role of Ravan in this film. His characterisation of the role was made very ridiculous. Every now and then and in every scene, his ‘Taqia kalam” was rolling eyes like a drunken person and shouting ” Main Kaun “. Then giving the reply himself ” Main Ravan “. Actually, according to Valmiki and everyone else, Ravan was a very learned Brahmin, a peerless scientist, Veena player, a scholar on Vedas and a staunch devotee of lord Shiv. To make him look like a clown was very sad and disappointing indeed.

Shoorpnakha was actually married early, but her husband was killed by Ravan, in a battle. Ravan had made her a queen of Dandkaranya. In the film, her Swayamwar is shown. She rejects everyone and remains unmarried. This was undigestible to moviegoers who were familiar with the story of Ramayan.

Shabari katha is similarly distorted. In Valmiki Ramayana, after meeting Ram,Seeta and laxmana and giving them half eaten fruit, Shabri self immolates and goes to Heaven. In the film she first meets the three and after Seeta is abducted meets Ram again to inform him that she saw Ravan carrying Seeta in his plane. She also introduces Ram to all the Vanar leaders-Sugreev, Hanuman, Jambuwant etc.

There were many such New Discoveries, thanks to the writers, in this film. I remember in 1950, when this film came to Hyderabad, I had accompanied some old relatives and my Grandfather to this film. After coming back all were very angry. I don’t remember what exactly they had said, but I wrote in my diary ” the film was boring”.

Baburao Patel of Film India was not one to miss such an opportunity to pull up the director and producer. In the February 1949 issue, he had devoted three pages to the film, mostly tearing it apart, accusing the producers of tarnishing the Hindu religion. He only appreciated actor Umakant, who traditionally did the role of Laxman ( He did this role in 7 films in all) as a good and suitable actor. he even suggested him to be promoted as Ram, in their next film.

There is a name Ramsingh, in the film’s cast. The actor Ramsingh’s name is not very famous or well known, but in his times, he did Hero’s and Villain’s role in many films. Information about him was not available anywhere on the Internet till today. For the first time his information is appearing here today.His entry in films and life story is very interesting.

During the 1942 ‘Quit India’ movement, there was a riot in Allahabad. Police opened fire and along with several other people, Secretary of All University Students Union also was killed. Fearing a backlash from college students, the Government closed down all colleges and vacated Hostels. Two persons became homeless. One was Ramchandra Dwivedi- who later on became well known as Kavi Pradeep- and the other was Ramsingh- who became an actor.

After the riots, instead of informing his family about his welfare, Ramsingh left for Bombay and then to Poona, to become an actor. He was tall,fair and handsome. V.Shantaram hired him as an assistant in the studio. His family thought that he must have been killed in the riots and grieved, when he never returned.

One day one of the villagers came to their house and told excitedly, that he had seen a Hindi film and in that film, an actor looked exactly like Ramsingh. The family went to the town and saw the film. Lo and behold ! there he was. Looking just like Ramsingh. Anxiously a group of elders reached Prabhat Studio in Poona and inquired. The officials brought out their own son- Ramsingh before them !! Everyone was happy. It seems he did not contact his household just to avoid the Police investigations, as he too was an active participant in the agitation.

Ramsingh was born into a rich Zamindar family of village Ishanpur in Pratapgarh (U.P.), in 1920. After graduating, while doing his M.A. he joined films. His first film was Ramshastri-44, then came Chand-44, Lakhrani-45 and Hum ek hain-46….all Prabhat films. While in Prabhat, he became friendly with Dev Anand and Guru Dutt. In his later years, they gave him roles in their almost every film..

In his other films, Ramsingh worked with Heroine Ranjit Kumari ( real name Ranjit Kaur), to whom he got married later on. He was already married while in school and also had 3 children from his first wife. From the second marriage he got 4 children.

Ramsingh played Hero, Villain and character roles in 69 films. Some of his notable films were, besides 4 Prabhat films, Gaon-47, Shaheed-48, Khidki-49, Aparadhi-50 ( He was the Hero, opposite Madhubala), Sargam-50, Sangram-50, Shrimati ji-52, Jaal-52, Baaz-53 etc etc. In his later career, he only got insignificant roles in B and C grade films and Mythologicals. His last film was Sati Sulochana-69. ( 2 more films Veer Chhatrasaal-71 and Mere Bhaiya-72 were released after he left films).

Ramsingh returned to his native place with Ranjit Kumari and children in 1970 and started doing Agriculture. The U.P. Chief Minister H.N.Bahuguna was his classmate and a very good friend. Ramsingh approached him. Bahuguna, to help him, immediately established ” U.P. Film Corporation ” and made Ramsingh its Chairman. However, due to political turmoil in the country, Bahuguna left congress and joined Congress For Democracy, against Indira Gandhi. As a result the film corporation was wound up and Ramsingh returned to the fields again.

Ramsingh started drinking, against medical advise and died in 1984, in his village.

Shankar Rao Vyas gave a very sweet and melodious music. Today’s song, particularly, is the best of the 3 songs which I have heard. This song is sung by Shankar Dasgupta.

Born in 1927 in Bengal, Shankar Dasgupta started singing from childhood. He was a trained singer. In 1946,he got a break with Anil Biswas in his film Milan-46. His first song itself became very popular.

Then he sang in films like Anjana, Didi, Girl’s school, Jeet, Aahuti,Izzat, Do Raha etc. He sang about 63 songs in 39 films. he gave music to 4 films, Sadma, Sheeshe ki deewar, Hotel and Pehli mulaaqaat.

He assisted Anil Biswas and Jaidev for many years. He did work on TV and in News reviews too. He settled in England after retirement,but was active on TV there too.

On one of his routine visits to India in 1992, he met with a tragic accident on a Railway station in Bombay, on 23-1-1992 and died on the spot.

With this song, the film Rambaan (1948) makes its Debut on the Blog.

(Credits- thespeakingtree.com, bollymusings.com/cradle, kuch kalakar by Jawed Hamid, Filmindia-Feb-49, Prof. Yadav’s book, wiki and my notes)


Song-Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai (Raambaan)(1948) Singer-Shankar Dasgupta, Lyrics-Moti B A, MD-Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics

Uthh Lakhan lal priya bhai
Uthh Lakhan lal priya bhai
dasha tumhaari dekh Raam ki
ankhiyaan bhar bhar aayin
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai

Maat Pita Patni ki maaya
bhai ke kaaran sab bisraaya
chhod Ayodhya ka sukh tumne
jogi roop banaaya
jis bhai ke liye yudhh mein
praan ki baazi lagaayi
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai

pahle mujhe khila phir khaate
aur sulaa kar sote
?? tumhaare kaun kabhi to
baad raam ke hote
swarg puri ke ?? se
pahle pahunchu(?) jaai
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai

Maat Kaushalya aur Sumitra
juwat(?) baantat waari
panthh herti haay Urmila
ki ankhiyaan bechaari
aankh moond ke huye tumhi kya
tanik daya na aayi
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai

Seeta Raavan ke ghar bandi
Meghnath chadh aayo
jagat kahega naari ke kaaran
Raam ne bandhu ganwaayo
dheeraj chhooto jaat sabhi ka
kab se ter lagaayi
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3693 Post No. : 14608

Today’s song is from a film ‘Ek Hi Bhool’ from 1940. It was a film made by Prakash Pictures and was directed by Vijay Bhatt. The lyricist was ‘Anuj’ and the music director was the favourite of Prakash – Shankar Rao Vyas. The film’s cast was Jairaj, Mehtab, Umakant, Amirbai, Prahlad Dutt, Baby Meena (Meena kumari) and also a Dog called Tiger. (I always wonder when people can see that it is a dog, then why the owners name it as Tiger to mislead others ?).

Many people know that actress Mehtab was Sohrab Modi’s wife, having married him against opposition from all, on 28th April 1946. But most people do not know her background. Mehtab was born on 28th April, 1918 in Bombay. Her father Siddee Ebrahim Khan was the Nawab of Sachin (Surat, Gujarat). Her parents named her as Najma. She was the step sister of actresses Zubeida (‘Alam Ara’ fame), Sultana and Shehzadi. She studied up to intermediate. She was fluent in Urdu, Gujrati, English and Marathi. When her father – the Nawab – gave talaaq to her mother, her mother took her to Bombay where her sautan, Fatima, another wife of the Nawab was promoting her 3 daughters to become actresses. Fatima gave her refuge, solace and a promise to promote Najma also as an actress. Her career  started as child artist at the age of 12. She did 3 silent films, namely ‘Second Wife’ (1928), ‘Kamal e Shamsheer’ (1930) and ‘Sheroo Sainik’ (1931) – all  produced by her mother. Her first talkie film as heroine was Indian Arts Production’s ‘Veer Kunal’ (1932) through which she got her screen name Mehtab. Ashraf Khan was the hero of that film. Subsequently, Chandulal Shah signed her for two films viz. ‘Bhola Shikar’ (1933) opposite E Billimoria and ‘Ranchandi’ (1934) opposite Navin Chandra. None of these films did well, so her mother formed a film company of her own. Meanwhile, Mehtab had got married, at the age of 14 years only and had got a son from that marriage, Ismail. However, no film was completed under their company and they faced heavy losses. Moreover, Mehtab’s marriage also didn’t work out and she took divorce and won the custody of her son.

She started doing films in any role, not only heroine’s. After doing 19 films, she got a call from Calcutta. In 1940, she was offered a film named ‘Qaidi’ (1940) made by Film Corporation of India. Though she was not the leading heroine of the film but her acting was praised all over. She did 3 films in Calcutta. After ‘Qaidi’, she did ‘Masoom’ (1941). The banner signed her again as the heroine for their next film ‘Chitralekha’ (1941) in which she created a sensation overnight by doing a bathing scene aesthetically, something shown for the very first time in a Hindi film. Around 1941 to 1943, Mehtab was among the most famous actresses of Hindi films. Her next three films ‘Sharda’ (1942), ‘Chauringhee’ (1942), and ‘Bhakt Kabeer’ (1942) also proved to be hits.

In 1944, Central Studio signed Mehtab for their film ‘Parakh’ (1944). Sohrab Modi was directing the film. At the time of signing the contract, Mehtab told Modi that she had heard that he only took his own close-ups in his films and ignored the others. He told her that he wasn’t acting in that film. Thereafter, Sohrab Modi again took Mehtab as heroine in his film ‘Ek Din Ka Sultan’ (1945) opposite Wasti under his own banner Minerva Movietone. Slowly, Sohrab Modi fell in love with her and proposed to her. Mehtab agreed only on the condition that she would not leave her son Ismail. Sohrab didn’t find any problem in that and they got married on the birthday of Mehtab, 28 April 1946. Sohrab Modi’s family didn’t approve as they were Parsi and Mehtab was Muslim. Sohrab never interfered in Mehtab’s career or religion. Mehtab had a son from Modi named Mehli who was brought up as Parsi. Modi sent both the sons abroad to study.

Mehtab did few films after marriage like ‘Behram Khan’ (1946), ‘Saathi’ (1946), ‘Shama’ (1946). Her last major film was ‘Jhansi Ki Rani’ (1953). She did a small role in film ‘Samay Bada Balwan’ (1969). Sohrab Modi was the producer, director and the hero of the film. It was Sohrab’s first colour film. She acted in total 40 films.

Sohrab Modi died on 28 January 1984 due to cancer of the bone marrow. Mehtab’s both sons were settled abroad, though she spent her life in Cuff Parade, Mumbai till her death. She died on 8-4-1997. She was buried at the Bada Qabrastan, Marine Lines, Mumbai.

Another name one can see in the cast is that of Prahlad Dutt. He was actually a foreign trained photographer and cameraman, and an expert in trick photography. He was working in Lahore in the early 1940s. Pancholi’s film ‘Shirin Farhad’ (1945) was getting ready and Prahlad Dutt was its director and trick scenes master. His work was applauded by everyone. The scene where Farhad digs out a canal from a big mountain single-handed, was done by Prahlad with astounding results. After the partition, he ran away from Lahore to Bombay. He soon got work here as his name was well known and famous.

He was working in Ranjit directing a film ‘Mitti Ke Khilaune’ (1948). It was in early 1948. Gandhiji was assassinated on 30th January. 4-5 days after that, Ranjit studio workers were shocked to find a police jeep entering the studio, in speed. Out jumped an inspector and asked, “Where is Prahlad Dutt?”. Ranjit Manager asked “Why?” the answer was “We have his arrest warrant in connection with Gandhi killing”. While the manager offered to call him here from another floor where he was shooting, the police ran towards that place. As soon as Prahlad saw the police, he started running, with police chasing him and shouting at him to stop. He tried to climb the wall and disappear, but the inspector warned him first and then shot him with his pistol in his thigh. He fell down. He was arrested and taken away.

He was charged with various crimes and a case was put on him. However, he was released unblemished after 4 months. Ranjit management helped him quite a lot in those days. Prahlad Dutt acted in only one film – ‘Ek Hi Bhool’. He directed 5 films in all – ‘Shirin Farhad’ (1945), ‘Piya Ghar Aa Jaa’ (1947), ‘Mitti Ke Khilaune’ (1948), ‘Nazaare’ (1949) and ‘Madhubala’ (1950).

One more name in the cast is that of Umakant (full name Umakant Desai).  I am sure most people would not know anything about him.

People remember Dilip kumar for his double role in ‘Ram Aur Shyam’ (1967) and triple role in ‘Bairaag’ (1976). People also remember Sanjeev Kumar for his 9 roles in ‘Naya Din Nayi Raat’ (1974) or Kamal Hassan for his 10 roles in ‘Dashavtaar’ (2008), but hardly anyone knows that Umakant Desai was the FIRST actor to do 3 roles in film ‘Hukum Ka Ikka’ (1939) (as the rajkumar, as a madari and as a common man).

Umakant Desai was born in Sankheda, near Vadodara (Baroda), Gujarat on 13-6-1908. After matriculation, he came to Bombay and did a job in BB&CI Railways (Bombay,Baroda and Central India Railway), a private railway company of pre Independence period. He used to do roles in local dramas. One day director Chimanlal Desai saw him in a drama called ‘Jaya Aur Jayant’. He was so impressed with him, that he took him to act in Gujarat’s First Talkie ‘Narsi Mehta’ (1932). In this film Umakant did the role of Krishna.

So, the son of a landlord Himmatbhai Jagubhai Desai became a film actor. He joined Prakash Pictures on a salary of Rs 150/- pm, but when he left Prakash, he was drawing Rs 3,000/- pm. In 1934, he worked in Gujarati film ‘Sansaar Leela’. He sang 2 duets with Rajkumari in this film. The film was a hit and was remade in Hindi as ‘Nai Duniya’. He worked in ‘Bharat Milap’ (1942). His best remembered role was as Laxman in film ‘Ram Rajya’ (1943), which created several records, including that it was the first and the only film Mahatma Gandhi ever saw in his lifetime !

Umakant worked in 59 Hindi films and 15 Gujarati films. ‘Anmol Moti’ (1948) was his last film as a hero. Then he shifted to doing character roles. He had worked with Durga Khote, Shobhana Samarth, Pramila, Ratnamala, Ranjana, Sitara, Snehprabha Pradhan, Meena Kumari, Amita, Vijayanti Mala, Nalini Jaywant, Kamini Kaushal etc. For fluency in Hindi and Urdu, he had appointed a teacher also.

He worked in 26 films of Prakash, in which 8 films were directed by Vijay Bhatt. He mostly worked in mythological and social films. Some of his films were ‘Miss Mala’, ‘Chhote Babu’, ‘Station Master’, ‘Amar Asha’, ‘Poornima’, ‘Anmol Moti’, ‘Kavita’, ‘Hamara Ghar’ etc . He did Laxman’s role in 7 films.

Umakant’s son and daughter-in-law died a tragic death in a snow blizzard in USA in 1975. His wife Kaumudiben died in 2006 and Umakant died on 25-1-2007.

He was awarded Dadasaheb Phalke Academy Award in 2004.

While going through the title index by Harmandir ji for films from 1931 to 2012, I found that the word ‘EK’ is the most used word in Hindi film Titles. As many as 206 films are made, beginning with the word ‘EK’. Amongst these, there are 32 film titles starting with ‘Ek Aur ….’. Films with title ‘Ek Hi Bhool’ were made 3 times – 1940, 1981 and 2005.

Today’s song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki and NM Adhikari. I have not been able to get any information about this male singer. It seems this was the only film in which he sang. He sang 1 solo and 1 duet. With this song, the film ‘Ek Hi Bhool’ of 1940 and the singer NM Adhikari make their debut on our blog.

(Credits- Sapnon Ke Saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Harish Raghuwanshi, HFGK, MuVyz and my notes.)


Song – Main Phoolon Ki Sugandh Bankar Upvan Saara Mehkaaoon (Ek Hi Bhool) (1940) Singer – Amirbai Karnataki, NM Adhikari, Lyrics – Sampatlal Shrivastav ‘Anuj’, Music – Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

main phoolon ki
main phoolon ki
sugandh ban kar
upvan saara mehkaaun
main phoolon ki
sugandh ban kar
upvan saara mehkaaun
main phoolon ki
main bhaunra
main bhaunra ban kar
chupke se phoolon ka ras le jaaun
main bhaunra ban kar
chupke se phoolon ka ras le jaaun

main madmaati koel ban kar
birha ka geet sunaaun
main madmaati koel ban kar
birha ka geet sunaaun
main premi ke aansu ban kar
birha ki aag bhujaaun
main premi ke aansu ban kar
birha ki aag bhujaaun

aao hil mil
armaanon ki duniya nai basaayen
aao hil mil
armaanon ki duniya nai basaayen
is neeras jeevan
mein phir se
is neeras jeevan
mein phir se
hai nai umangen laayen
hai nai umangen laayen

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

मैं फूलों की
मैं फूलों की
सुगंध बन कर
उपवन सारा महकाऊँ
मैं फूलों की
सुगंध बन कर
उपवन सारा महकाऊँ
मैं फूलों की
मैं भौंरा
मैं भौंरा बन कर
चुपके से फूलों का रस ले जाऊँ
मैं भौंरा बन कर
चुपके से फूलों का रस ले जाऊँ

मैं मदमाती कोयल बनकर
बिरहा का गीत सुनाऊँ
मैं मदमाती कोयल बनकर
बिरहा का गीत सुनाऊँ
मैं प्रेमी के आँसू बन कर
बिरहा की आग बुझाऊँ
मैं प्रेमी के आँसू बन कर
बिरहा की आग बुझाऊँ

आओ हिलमिल
अरमानों की दुनिया नई बसाएँ
आओ हिलमिल
अरमानों की दुनिया नई बसाएँ
इस नीरस जीवन
में फिर से
इस नीरस जीवन
में फिर से
है नई उमंगें लाएँ
है नई उमंगें लाएँ


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16600 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2021) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

16615

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1280
Total Number of movies covered=4520

Total visits so far

  • 14,813,273 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,946 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Current Visitors

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

Archives

Stumble

visitors whereabouts

blogadda

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory
%d bloggers like this: