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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan

Posted on: August 29, 2012


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

Ever since ‘Alam Ara’ (1931), the first Indian sound film was released in 1931, songs have become an integral part of our films. The Hindi films produced during the 30s and 40s used to have on anaverage 10-12 songs per film. Naturally, there was a demand for song writers(lyricists). So the producers of the films lured some well known Urdu/Hindi poets of that time to write lyrics of the songs for their films. Since the films were made in Hindustani (a name given by the film fraternity for a language which is a mix of Hindi and some common Urdu words)and some of the producers/directors and music directors were not well versed in this language, the lyricists also acted as guides to them. Some of the well known lyricists of 30s and 40s were, Arzoo Lucknowi, Safdar Aah Sitapuri, Kidar Sharma, Aziz Kashmiri, Behzad Lucknowi, Pandit Indra, Pandit Narendra Sharma, Zia Sarhadi, D N Madhok, P L Santoshi etc. Some of them also wrote scripts/ dialogues for the films.

By the end of 1940 and onwards, with the advent of new music directors like Husnlal-Bhagatram, C Ramchandra, Shankar-Jaikishan, S D Burman, O P Nayyar, the classical based traditional music was slowly replaced by an assortment of classical, folk, devotional, and western music. These music directors also started using western musical instruments in the orchestrations. At the same time, new generation of lyricists emerged, many of them with poetic background but they preferred to become full time film lyricists. Some of them could write lyrics on the already composed tunes. Prominent among them were Rajendra Kishan, Qamar Jalalabadi, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Shakeel Badayuni, Sahir Ludhianvi, Jan Nisar Akhtar, Asad Bhopali, Shailendra, Hasrat Jaipuri, Bharat Vyas etc. This group of lyricists though poets were the first to realise that it was the song writing rather than publishing their poetry or reciting couplets in mushairas which was going to give them enough money to live comfortably with the added bonus of fame and adulation if successful.

There was a small group of Urdu/Hindi poets and laureates such as Josh Malihabadi, Shahryar, Makhdoom Mohiuddin, Harivanshrai Bachchan who were not interested in writing lyrics for Hindi films. But some producers/directors who were their admirers persuaded them to write lyrics and/or part with a few of their already published ghazals for their films. In one of the interviews, Shahryar showed his contempt to Bollywood by saying that “ Bollywood ek jaahilon ki jagah hai” (Bollywood is a place of illiterates). However, he admitted in one of his subsequent interviews that the song ‘dil cheez kya hai’ from the film ‘Umrao Jaan’(1981) got him fame and adulation. A lot of invitations started pouring in for him to attend mushairas in India and abroad with five star luxuries for which he charged hefty fees.

Among the lyricists of the post-80s, I found the trysts with Bollywood of two poets – Hasan Kamaal (active mostly in 80s) and Prasoon Joshi ( active from 2001 onwards) interesting. Prasoon Joshi is an MBA and has been associated with an advertising company for a long time. He wrote his first song for the film ‘Lajja’(2001) and thereafter he has been writing lyrics for one or two films in a year besides occasionally writing screenplays and dialogues for a few films. Presently, he is the chairman of a multi-national advertising company and he finds time to write lyrics for a couple of Hindi films every year.

Hasan Kamaal is a modern Urdu poet, a journalist and a regular columnist in some Urdu newspapers. He started his journalistic careeer as a sub-editor of ‘Blitz’ and later became the editor of the Urdu edition of ‘Blitz’. Presently, besides being the resident editor of Sahara Urdu daily, he also writes his regular columns in some Urdu newspapers. He started as a lyricist in 1967 but vanished from the Bollywood scene, only to reappear in 1973-75. After a break of 6 years, he came back again to write lyrics for a single song in ‘Silsilaa’ (1981). However, after the success of the film ‘Nikaah’ (1982) and its songs written by him, he became active as a lyricist during 1982-92 period after which he seems to have left Bollywood for good.

What could have attracted the two of them to Bollywood is that both are poets in their hearts and they coveted the fame and adulations that follows in the wake of their songs becoming chartbusters. Today, Prasoon Joshi is known all over India more for his songs in films like ‘Fanna’, Delhi-6, ‘Rang De Basanti’ than as the chairman of a multi-national advertising firm. Similarly, Hasan Kamaal is known more for his songs in films like ‘Nikaah’, ‘Airbaar’ ‘Aaj Ki Awaaz’ than as an Urdu poet and columnist. I am sure that their success in Bollywood must have helped them in furthering their careers in their chosen fields.

I have chosen for discussion one of the Hasan Kamaal’s songs from the film NIKAAH (1982). The film was produced under the banner of B R Films and directed by B R Chopra. The star cast included Raj Babbar, Salma Agha, Deepak Parashar, Asrani, Hina Kausar, Chandrashekhar, Iftekhar, Urmila Bhatt etc. The song is sung by Salma Agha which is set to music by Ravi. It was a woman oriented film in the background of muslim social system. The sum and substance of the film is that it is easier for a man to utter ‘Talaq’ three times and divorce the wife in a spur of moment but it is very difficult –both emotionally and legally to reverse the decision. So the film ends with a message that menshould replace the word ‘Talaq, Talaq, Talaq’ from their mind with ‘Pyaar,Pyaar, Pyaar’.

The song ’fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan’ is a background song depicting the mind of a lonely wife whose husband is pre-occupied with his work most of the time. The lyrics are superb and understated and stops short of degenerating into a cry of anguish.

In Part -1 of the song Salma Agha is with her first husband Deepak Parasher and in Part -2 she is with Raj Babbar, her second husband after divorce from her first husband with some flash back of days with her first husband. I had heard this song quite a number of times when the film was released in 1982. The song is 30 years old now but it still retains its freshness.

Video (Part-1 without dialogues)

Video (Combined part-1 and part-2 with dialogues)

Song-Fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan (Nikaah)(1982) Singer-Salma Agha, Lyrics-Hasan Kamaal, MD-Ravi

—————————-
Lyrics

—————————-
Part-1
—————————-
fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan
hawaa bhi hai rawaan rawaan
sunaa rahaa hai ye samaa
suni suni si daastaan
fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan

pukaarte hain door se
wo kaafile bahaar ke
bikhar gaye hain rang se
kisi ke intazaar ke
lehar lehar ke honth par
wafaa ki hain kahaaniyaan
sunaa rahaa hai ye samaa
suni suni si daastaan
fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan

bujhi magar bujhi nahin
na jaane kaisi pyaas hai
qaraar dil se aaj bhi
na door hai na paas hai
ye khel dhoop chhaaon ka
ye kurbaten(?) ye dooriyaan
sunaa rahaa hai ye samaa
suni suni si daastaan
fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan

har ek pal ko dhoondhtaa
har ek pal chalaa gayaa
har ek pal firaaq kaa
har ek pal visaal kaa
har ek pal guzar gayaa
banaa ke dil pe ik nishaan
sunaa rahaa hai ye samaa
suni suni si daastaan
fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan
hawaa bhi hai rawaan rawaan
sunaa rahaa hai ye samaa
suni suni si daastaan
fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan

—————————
Part-2
—————————
wahi ghadi wahi pahar
wahi hawaa wahi lehar
nayi hain manzilen magar
wahi safar wahi dagar
nazar gayi jidhar jidhar
milin wahi nishaaniyaan
sunaa rahaa hai ye samaa
suni suni si daastaan
fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan
hawaa bhi rawaan rawaan
sunaa rahaa hai ye samaa
suni suni si daastaan
fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan

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8 Responses to "Fazaa bhi hai jawaan jawaan"

Hasan Kamaal also wrote a song “Javeda Zindagi” in Anwar (2007).

Approps Mukesh song yesterday: Nazima had the longest hair in the filmdom. Just can’t believe she died. She was petite, pixie type of girl with full of verve and energy

kamath ji,
HASAN KAMAAL is not only an urdu poet and Journo but a s/play writer and Dialogue writer of many films.His work on television is simply marvellous.
He got FilmFare award for the title song of AAJ KI AWAZ-1984.Nehru award in1976,hindi urdu Sahitya award of Up-1988,Maulana Azad award-01996 etc.
Born in Lucknow on 1-7-1943,he graduated from Lucknow Univ and joined as a Journo in Blitz in 1965.As a Journo and poet he has travelled abroad several times.
BAMBAI RAAT KI BAHON MEIN-67 was hid first film,then came Begunah,silsila and many films of Chopda banner-Aaj ki awaz,mazdoor,Awam,Dahleez,Tawayaf,Batwara,Aitbaar etc etc.he continued till 1992 in films.
He wrote dialogues for TV serials like Mahabharat,kanoon,Akbar,Vishnu Puran etc etc.
-AD

Here’s link on Hasan Kamaal showing his work from 2007-08:

http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0436386/

Thanks for the link. I was not aware that after 90s, Hasan Kamal wrote lyrics for ‘Anwar’ (2007) and ‘Khela’ (2008).[ probably one song each].
By the way, ‘Khela’ (2008) was a Bengali movie which was dubbed in Hindi.

Sorry for replying late :
2 | Mani Menon
August 25, 2012 at 4:03 pm
Nitin-ji first of all—CONGRATULATIONS! Was the song, “Aao aao aao sawariya…”
Yes Maniji you are absolutely correct. Congrats to you for having such a deep knowledge. May be like me you also concentrate on less popular songs. Thanks
Khayatiben’s song Mai to ek khwab hu..
While shooting this song often shooting had to be held up due to the clouds hovering above reducing brightness. Vijay Bhatt used to fret about it. Manoj quoted the lines from the same song…jane de taqdeer se takraar na kar….

Mani Menon
August 25, 2012 at 4:01 pm
Nitin-ji, I didn’t know that Jaikishen’s claim that ‘Ye mera prem patra padhkar…’ was his contribution led to the break up of this magical duo!
Maniji> I was quoting the lines from the interview just given by his wife Pallavi Jaikishen. Maybe this started the slide. Maybe to be one up he introduced Sharda like a red herring. No wonder she happen to from Hyderabad; hometown of Shanker

I just read excellent info on these 2 poets and their ‘other’ profession. What happened to Salma Agha? I still savor her song ‘Dil ke arma ansoo ban ke rahe gaye. Hum wafa karke bhi tanha rahe gaye’ Thanks

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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